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Civil Jurisdiction and Judgments Act 1982

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  1. Introductory Text

  2. Part I Implementation of the Conventions

    1. Main implementing provisions

      1. 1. Interpretation of references to the Conventions and Contracting States.

      2. 2. The [Brussels Conventions] to have the force of law.

      3. 3. Interpretation of the Brussels Conventions.

      4. 3A. The Lugano Convention to have the force of law.

      5. 3B. Interpretation of the Lugano Convention.

    2. Supplementary provisions as to recognition and enforcement of judgments

      1. 4. Enforcement of judgments other than maintenance orders.

      2. 5. Recognition and enforcement of maintenance orders.

      3. 6. Appeals under Article 37, second paragraph and Article 41.

      4. 7. Interest on registered judgments.

      5. 8. Currency of payment under registered maintenance orders.

    3. Other supplementary provisions

      1. 9. Provisions supplementary to Title VII of 1968 Convention.

      2. 10. Allocation within U.K. of jurisdiction with respect to trusts and consumer contracts.

      3. 11. Proof and admissibility of certain judgments and related documents.

      4. 12. Provision for issue of copies of, and certificates in connection with, U.K. judgments.

      5. 13. Modifications to cover authentic instruments and court settlements.

      6. 14. Modifications consequential on revision of the Conventions.

      7. 15. Interpretation of Part I and consequential amendments.

  3. Part II Jurisdiction, and Recognition and Enforcement of Judgments, within United Kingdom

    1. 16. Allocation within U.K. of jurisdiction in certain civil proceedings.

    2. 17. Exclusion of certain proceedings from Schedule 4.

    3. 18. Enforcement of U.K. judgments in other parts of U.K.

    4. 19. Recognition of U.K. judgments in other parts of U.K.

  4. Part III Jurisdiction in Scotland

    1. 20. Rules as to jurisdiction in Scotland.

    2. 21. Continuance of certain existing jurisdictions.

    3. 22. Supplementary provisions.

    4. 23. Savings and consequential amendments.

  5. Part IV Miscellaneous Provisions

    1. Provisions relating to jurisdiction

      1. 24. Interim relief and protective measures in cases of doubtful jurisdiction.

      2. 25. Interim relief in England and Wales and Northern Ireland in the absence of substantive proceedings.

      3. 26. Security in Admiralty proceedings in England and Wales or Northern Ireland in case of stay, etc.

      4. 27. Provisional and protective measures in Scotland in the absence of substantive proceedings.

      5. 28. Application of s. 1 of Administration of Justice (Scotland) Act 1972.

      6. 29. Service of county court process outside Northern Ireland.

      7. 30. Proceedings in England and Wales or Northern Ireland for torts to immovable property.

    2. Provisions relating to recognition and enforcement of judgments

      1. 31. Overseas judgments given against states, etc.

      2. 32. Overseas judgments given in proceedings brought in breach of agreement for settlement of disputes.

      3. 33. Certain steps not to amount to submission to jurisdiction of overseas court.

      4. 34. Certain judgments a bar to further proceedings on the same cause of action.

      5. 35. Minor amendments relating to overseas judgments.

      6. 36. Registration of maintenance orders in Northern Ireland.

      7. 37. Minor amendments relating to maintenance orders.

      8. 38. Overseas judgments counteracting an award of multiple damages.

    3. Jurisdiction, and recognition and enforcement of judgments, as between United Kingdom and certain territories

      1. 39. Application of provisions corresponding to 1968 Convention in relation to certain territories.

    4. Legal aid

      1. 40. Power to modify enactments relating to legal aid etc.

  6. Part V Supplementary and General Provisions

    1. Domicile

      1. 41. Domicile of individuals.

      2. 42. Domicile and seat of corporation or association.

      3. 43. Seat of corporation or association for purposes of Article 16(2) and related provisions.

      4. 44. Persons deemed to be domiciled in the United Kingdom for certain purposes.

      5. 45. Domicile of trusts.

      6. 46. Domicile and seat of the Crown.

    2. Other supplementary provisions

      1. 47. Modifications occasioned by decisions of European Court as to meaning or effect of Conventions.

      2. 48. Matters for which rules of court may provide.

      3. 49. Saving for powers to stay, sist, strike out or dismiss proceedings.

    3. General

      1. 50. Interpretation: general.

      2. 51. Application to Crown.

      3. 52. Extent.

      4. 53. Commencement, transitional provisions and savings.

      5. 54. Repeals.

      6. 55. Short title.

  7. SCHEDULES

    1. SCHEDULE 1

      TEXT OF 1968 CONVENTION, AS AMENDED

      1. ARRANGEMENT OF PROVISIONS

        1. TITLE I. SCOPE (Article 1)

        2. TITLE II. JURISDICTION Section 1. General provisions (Articles 2–4). Section...

        3. TITLE III. RECOGNITION AND ENFORCEMENT Definition of judgment (Article 25)....

        4. TITLE IV. AUTHENTIC INSTRUMENTS AND COURT SETTLEMENTS (Articles 50 and...

        5. TITLE V. GENERAL PROVISIONS (Articles 52 and 53).

        6. TITLE VI. TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS (Articles 54 and 54A).

        7. TITLE VII. RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER CONVENTIONS (Articles 55–59).

        8. TITLE VIII. FINAL PROVISIONS (Articles 60–68). CONVENTION on jurisdiction and...

        9. CONVENTION

        10. on jurisdiction and the enforcement of judgments in civil and...

        11. PREAMBLE

        12. THE HIGH CONTRACTING PARTIES TO THE TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN...

      2. TITLE I SCOPE

        1. Article 1

          1. This Convention shall apply in civil and commercial matters whatever...

      3. TITLE II JURISDICTION

        1. Section 1 General provisions

          1. Article 2

            1. Subject to the provisions of this Convention, persons domiciled in...

          2. Article 3

            1. Persons domiciled in a Contracting State may be sued in...

          3. Article 4

            1. If the defendant is not domiciled in a Contracting State,...

        2. Section 2 Special jurisdiction

          1. Article 5

            1. A person domiciled in a Contracting State may, in another...

          2. Article 6

            1. A person domiciled in a Contracting State may also be...

          3. Article 6a

            1. Where by virtue of this Convention a court of a...

        3. Section 3 Jurisdiction in matters relating to insurance

          1. Article 7

            1. In matters relating to insurance, jurisdiction shall be determined by...

          2. Article 8

            1. An insurer domiciled in a Contracting State may be sued—...

          3. Article 9

            1. In respect of liability insurance or insurance of immovable property,...

          4. Article 10

            1. In respect of liability insurance, the insurer may also, if...

          5. Article 11

            1. Without prejudice to the provisions of the third paragraph of...

          6. Article 12

            1. The provisions of this Section may be departed from only...

          7. Article 12a

            1. The following are the risks referred to in point 5...

        4. Section 4 Jurisdiction over consumer contracts

          1. Article 13

            1. In proceedings concerning a contract concluded by a person for...

          2. Article 14

            1. A consumer may bring proceedings against the other party to...

          3. Article 15

            1. The provisions of this Section may be departed from only...

        5. Section 5 Exclusive jurisdiction

          1. Article 16

            1. The following courts shall have exclusive jurisdiction, regardless of domicile:...

        6. Section 6 Prorogation of jurisdiction

          1. Article 17

            1. If the parties, one or more of whom is domiciled...

          2. Article 18

            1. Apart from jurisdiction derived from other provisions of the Convention,...

        7. Section 7 Examination as to jurisdiction and admissibility

          1. Article 19

            1. Where a court of a Contracting State is seised of...

          2. Article 20

            1. Where a defendant domiciled in one Contracting State is sued...

        8. Section 8 Lis pendens—related actions

          1. Article 21

            1. Where proceedings involving the same cause of action and between...

          2. Article 22

            1. Where related actions are brought in the courts of different...

          3. Article 23

            1. Where actions come within the exclusive jurisdiction of several courts,...

        9. Section 9 Provisional, including protective, measures

          1. Article 24

            1. Application may be made to the courts of a Contracting...

      4. TITLE III RECOGNITION AND ENFORCEMENT

        1. Article 25

          1. For the purposes of this Convention, “ judgment ” means...

        2. Section 1 Recognition

          1. Article 26

            1. A judgment given in a Contracting State shall be recognized...

          2. Article 27

            1. A judgment shall not be recognised– (1) If such recognition...

          3. Article 28

            1. Moreover, a judgment shall not be recognized if it conflicts...

          4. Article 29

            1. Under no circumstances may a foreign judgment be reviewed as...

          5. Article 30

            1. A court of a Contracting State in which recognition is...

        3. Section 2 Enforcement

          1. Article 31

            1. A judgment given in a Contracting State and enforceable in...

          2. Article 32

            1. 1.The application shall be submitted– (0) in Belgium, to the...

            2. 2.The jurisdiction of local courts shall be determined by reference...

          3. Article 33

            1. The procedure for making the application shall be governed by...

          4. Article 34

            1. The court applied to shall give its decision without delay;...

          5. Article 35

            1. The appropriate officer of the court shall without delay bring...

          6. Article 36

            1. If enforcement is authorized, the party against whom enforcement is...

          7. Article 37

            1. 1.An appeal against the decision authorizing enforcement shall be lodged...

            2. 2.The judgment given on the appeal may be contested only–...

          8. Article 38

            1. The court with which the appeal under Article 37(1) is...

          9. Article 39

            1. During the time specified for an appeal pursuant to Article...

          10. Article 40

            1. 1.If the application for enforcement is refused, the applicant may...

            2. 2.The party against whom enforcement is sought shall be summoned...

          11. Article 41

            1. A judgment given on appeal provided for in Article 40...

          12. Article 42

            1. Where a foreign judgment has been given in respect of...

          13. Article 43

            1. A foreign judgment which orders a periodic payment by way...

          14. Article 44

            1. An applicant who, in the State of origin has benefited...

          15. Article 45

            1. No security, bond or deposit, however discribed, shall be required...

        4. Section 3 Common provisions

          1. Article 46

            1. A party seeking recognition or applying for enforcement of a...

          2. Article 47

            1. A party applying for enforcement shall also produce—

          3. Article 48

            1. If the documents specified in point 2 of Articles 46...

          4. Article 49

            1. No legalization or other similar formality shall be required in...

      5. TITLE IV AUTHENTIC INSTRUMENTS AND COURT SETTLEMENTS

        1. Article 50

          1. A document which has been formally drawn up or registered...

        2. Article 51

          1. A settlement which has been approved by a court in...

      6. TITLE V GENERAL PROVISIONS

        1. Article 52

          1. In order to determine whether a party is domiciled in...

        2. Article 53

          1. For the purposes of this Convention, the seat of a...

      7. TITLE VI TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

        1. Article 54

          1. The provisions of the Convention shall apply only to legal...

        2. Article 54a

          1. For a period of three years from 1st November 1986...

      8. TITLE VII RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER CONVENTIONS

        1. Article 55

          1. Subject to the provisions of the second subparagraph of Article...

        2. Article 56

          1. The Treaty and the conventions referred to in Article 55...

        3. Article 57

          1. (1) This Convention shall not affect any conventions to which...

        4. Article 58

          1. Until such time as the Convention on jurisdiction and the...

        5. Article 59

          1. This Convention shall not prevent a Contracting State from assuming,...

      9. TITLE VIII FINAL PROVISIONS

        1. Article 60

          1. [Deleted]

        2. Article 61

          1. This Convention shall be ratified by the signatory States. The...

        3. Article 62

          1. This Convention shall enter into force on the first day...

        4. Article 63

          1. The Contracting States recognize that any State which becomes a...

        5. Article 64

          1. The Secretary-General of the Council of the European Communities shall...

        6. Article 65

          1. The Protocol annexed to this Convention by common accord of...

        7. Article 66

          1. This Convention is concluded for an unlimited period.

        8. Article 67

          1. Any Contracting State may request the revision of this Convention....

        9. Article 68

          1. This Convention, drawn up in a single original in the...

      10. ANNEXED PROTOCOL

        1. The High Contracting Parties have agreed upon the following provisions,...

        2. Article I

          1. Any person domiciled in Luxembourg who is sued in a...

        3. Article II

          1. Without prejudice to any more favourable provisions of national laws,...

        4. Article III

          1. In proceedings for the issue of an order for enforcement,...

        5. Article IV

          1. Judicial and extrajudicial documents drawn up in one Contracting State...

        6. Article V

          1. The jurisdiction specified in Articles 6(2) and 10 in actions...

        7. Article Va

          1. In matters relating to maintenance, the expression “ court ”...

        8. Article Vb

          1. In proceedings involving a dispute between the master and a...

        9. Article Vc

          1. Articles 52 and 53 of this Convention shall, when applied...

        10. Article Vd

          1. Without prejudice to the jurisdiction of the European Patent Office...

        11. Article VI

          1. The Contracting States shall communicate to the Secretary-General of the...

    2. SCHEDULE 2

      TEXT OF 1971 PROTOCOL, AS AMENDED

      1. Article 1

        1. The Court of Justice of the European Communities shall have...

      2. Article 2

        1. The following courts may request the Court of Justice to...

        2. 1.(0) in Belgium: la Cour de Cassation—het Hof van Cassatie...

        3. 2.The courts of the Contracting States when they are sitting...

        4. 3.In the cases provided for in Article 37 of the...

      3. Article 3

        1. 1.Where a question of interpretation of the Convention or of...

        2. 2.Where such a question is raised before any court referred...

      4. Article 4

        1. 1.The competent authority of a Contracting State may request the...

        2. 2.The interpretation given by the Court of Justice in response...

        3. 3.The Procurators-General of the Courts of Cassation of the Contracting...

        4. 4.The Registrar of the Court of Justice shall give notice...

        5. 5.No fees shall be levied or any costs or expenses...

      5. Article 5

        1. 1.Except where this Protocol otherwise provides, the provisions of the...

        2. 2.The Rules of Procedure of the Court of Justice shall,...

      6. Article 6

        1. [Deleted]

      7. Article 7

        1. This Protocol shall be ratified by the signatory States. The...

      8. Article 8

        1. This Protocol shall enter into force on the first day...

      9. Article 9

        1. The Contracting States recognize that any State which becomes a...

      10. Article 10

        1. The Secretary-General of the Council of the European Communities shall...

      11. Article 11

        1. The Contracting States shall communicate to the Secretary-General of the...

      12. Article 12

        1. This Protocol is concluded for an unlimited period.

      13. Article 13

        1. Any Contracting State may request the revision of this Protocol....

      14. Article 14

        1. This Protocol, drawn up in a single original in the...

    3. SCHEDULE 3

      TEXT OF TITLES V AND VI OF THE ACCESSION CONVENTION, AS AMENDED

      1. TITLE V TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

        1. Article 34

          1. 1.The 1968 Convention and the 1971 Protocol, with the amendments...

          2. 2.However, as between the six Contracting States to the 1968...

          3. 3.Moreover, as between the six Contracting States to the 1968...

        2. Article 35

          1. [Deleted]

        3. Article 36

          1. [Deleted]

      2. TITLE VI FINAL PROVISIONS

        1. Article 37

          1. The Secretary-General of the Council of the European Communities shall...

        2. Article 38

          1. This Convention shall be ratified by the signatory States. The...

        3. Article 39

          1. This Convention shall enter into force, as between the States...

        4. Article 40

          1. The Secretary-General of the Council of the European Communities shall...

        5. Article 41

          1. This Convention, drawn up in a single original in the...

    4. Schedule 1

      TEXT OF 1968 CONVENTION, AS AMENDED

      1. ARRANGEMENT OF PROVISIONS

        1. TITLE I. SCOPE (Article 1)

        2. TITLE II. JURISDICTION Section 1. General provisions (Articles 2–4). Section...

        3. TITLE III. RECOGNITION AND ENFORCEMENT Definition of “judgment" (Article 25)....

        4. TITLE IV. AUTHENTIC INSTRUMENTS AND COURT SETTLEMENTS (Articles 50–51).

        5. TITLE V. GENERAL PROVISIONS (Articles 52–53).

        6. TITLE VI. TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS (Article 54).

        7. TITLE VII. RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER CONVENTIONS (Articles 55–59).

        8. TITLE VIII. FINAL PROVISIONS (Articles 60–68).

      2. CONVENTION on jurisdiction and the enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters

        1. Preamble

          1. THE HIGH CONTRACTING PARTIES TO THE TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN...

      3. Title I SCOPE

        1. Article 1

          1. This Convention shall apply in civil and commercial matters whatever...

      4. Title II JURISDICTION

        1. Section 1 General provisions

          1. Article 2

            1. Subject to the provisions of this Convention, persons domiciled in...

          2. Article 3

            1. Persons domiciled in a Contracting State may be sued in...

          3. Article 4

            1. If the defendant is not domiciled in a Contracting State,...

        2. Section 2 Special jurisdiction

          1. Article 5

            1. A person domiciled in a Contracting State may, in another...

          2. Article 6

            1. A person domiciled in a Contracting State may also be...

          3. Article 6a

            1. Where by virtue of this Convention a court of a...

        3. Section 3 Jurisdiction in matters relating to insurance

          1. Article 7

            1. In matters relating to insurance, jurisdiction shall be determined by...

          2. Article 8

            1. An insurer domiciled in a Contracting State may be sued:...

            2. An insurer who is not domiciled in a Contracting State...

          3. Article 9

            1. In respect of liability insurance or insurance of immovable property,...

          4. Article 10

            1. In respect of liability insurance, the insurer may also, if...

          5. Article 11

            1. Without prejudice to the provisions of the third paragraph of...

          6. Article 12

            1. The provisions of this Section may be departed from only...

          7. Article 12a

            1. The following are the risks referred to in point 5...

        4. Section 4 Jurisdiction over consumer contracts

          1. Article 13

            1. In proceedings concerning a contract concluded by a person for...

          2. Article 14

            1. A consumer may bring proceedings against the other party to...

          3. Article 15

            1. The provisions of this Section may be departed from only...

        5. Section 5 Exclusive jurisdiction

          1. Article 16

            1. The following courts shall have exclusive jurisdiction, regardless of domicile:...

        6. Section 6 Prorogation of jurisdiction

          1. Article 17

            1. If the parties, one or more of whom is domiciled...

          2. Article 18

            1. Apart from jurisdiction derived from other provisions of this Convention,...

        7. Section 7 Examination as to jurisdiction and admissibilty

          1. Article 19

            1. Where a court of a Contracting State is seised of...

          2. Article 20

            1. Where a defendant domiciled in one Contracting State is sued...

        8. Section 8 Lis Pendens—related actions

          1. Article 21

            1. Where proceedings involving the same cause of action and between...

          2. Article 22

            1. Where related actions are brought in the courts of different...

          3. Article 23

            1. Where actions come within the exclusive jurisdiction of several courts,...

        9. Section 9 Provisional, including protective, measures

          1. Article 24

            1. Application may be made to the courts of a Contracting...

      5. Title III RECOGNITION AND ENFORCEMENT

        1. Article 25

          1. For the purposes of this Convention, “judgment” means any judgment...

        2. Section 1 Recognition

          1. Article 26

            1. A judgment given in a Contracting State shall be recognised...

          2. Article 27

            1. A judgment shall not be recognised: if such recognition is...

          3. Article 28

            1. Moreover, a judgment shall not be recognised if it conflicts...

          4. Article 29

            1. Under no circumstances may a foreign judgment be reviewed as...

          5. Article 30

            1. A court of a Contracting State in which recognition is...

        3. Section 2 Enforcement

          1. Article 31

            1. A judgment given in a Contracting State and enforceable in...

          2. Article 32

            1. The application shall be submitted: in Belgium, to the tribunal...

          3. Article 33

            1. The procedure for making the application shall be governed by...

          4. Article 34

            1. The court applied to shall give its decision without delay;...

          5. Article 35

            1. The appropriate officer of the court shall without delay bring...

          6. Article 36

            1. If enforcement is authorised, the party against whom enforcement is...

          7. Article 37

            1. An appeal against the decision authorising enforcement shall be lodged...

            2. The judgment given on the appeal may be contested only:...

          8. Article 38

            1. The court with which the appeal under the first paragraph...

          9. Article 39

            1. During the time specified for an appeal pursuant to Article...

          10. Article 40

            1. If the application for enforcement is refused, the applicant may...

          11. Article 41

            1. A judgment given on an appeal provided for in Article...

          12. Article 42

            1. Where a foreign judgment has been given in respect of...

          13. Article 43

            1. A foreign judgment which orders a periodic payment by way...

          14. Article 44

            1. An applicant who, in the State in which the judgment...

          15. Article 45

            1. No security, bond or deposit, however described, shall be required...

        4. Section 3 Common provisions

          1. Article 46

            1. A party seeking recognition or applying for enforcement of a...

          2. Article 47

            1. A party applying for enforcement shall also produce: documents which...

          3. Article 48

            1. If the documents specified in point 2 of Articles 46...

          4. Article 49

            1. No legalisation or other similar formality shall be required in...

      6. TITLE IV AUTHENTIC INSTRUMENTS AND COURT SETTLEMENTS

        1. Article 50

          1. A document which has been formally drawn up or registered...

          2. The provisions of Section 3 of Title III shall apply...

        2. Article 51

          1. A settlement which has been approved by a court in...

      7. TITLE V GENERAL PROVISIONS

        1. Article 52

          1. In order to determine whether a party is domiciled in...

        2. Article 53

          1. For the purposes of this Convention, the seat of a...

      8. TITLE VI TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

        1. Article 54

          1. The provisions of this Convention shall apply only to legal...

      9. TITLE VII RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER CONVENTIONS

        1. Article 55

          1. Subject to the provisions of the second subparagraph of Article...

        2. Article 56

          1. The Treaty and the conventions referred to in Article 55...

        3. Article 57

          1. This Convention shall not affect any conventions to which the...

        4. Article 58

          1. This Convention shall not affect the rights granted to Swiss...

        5. Article 59

          1. This Convention shall not prevent a Contracting State from assuming,...

      10. TITLE VIII FINAL PROVISIONS

        1. Article 60

          1. This Convention shall apply to the European territories of the...

        2. Article 61

          1. This Convention shall be ratified by the signatory States. The...

        3. Article 62

          1. This Convention shall enter into force on the first day...

        4. Article 63

          1. The Contracting States recognise that any State which becomes a...

        5. Article 64

          1. The Secretary-General of the Council of the European Communities shall...

        6. Article 65

          1. The Protocol annexed to this Convention by common accord of...

        7. Article 66

          1. This Convention is concluded for an unlimited period.

        8. Article 67

          1. Any Contracting State may request the revision of this Convention....

        9. Article 68

          1. This Convention, drawn up in a single original in the...

      11. ANNEXED PROTOCOL

        1. Article I

          1. Any person domiciled in Luxembourg who is sued in a...

        2. Article II

          1. Without prejudice to any more favourable provisions of national laws,...

        3. Article III

          1. In proceedings for the issue of an order for enforcement,...

        4. Article IV

          1. Judicial and extrajudicial documents drawn up in one Contracting State...

        5. Article V

          1. The jurisdiction specified in Articles 6(2) and 10 in actions...

        6. Article Va

          1. In matters relating to maintenance, the expression “court” includes the...

        7. Article Vb

          1. In proceedings involving a dispute between the master and a...

        8. Article Vc

          1. Articles 52 and 53 of this Convention shall, when applied...

        9. Article Vd

          1. Without prejudice to the jurisdiction of the European Patent Office...

        10. Article VI

          1. The Contracting States shall communicate to the Secretary-General of the...

    5. SCHEDULE 3

      TEXT OF TITLES V AND VI OF ACCESSION CONVENTION

      1. TITLE V TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

        1. Article 34

          1. The 1968 Convention and the 1971 Protocol, with the amendments...

        2. Article 35

          1. If the parties to a dispute concerning a contract had...

        3. Article 36

          1. For a period of three years from the entry into...

      2. TITLE VI FINAL PROVISIONS

        1. Article 37

          1. The Secretary-General of the Council of the European Communities shall...

          2. The texts of the 1968 Convention and the 1971 Protocol,...

        2. Article 38

          1. This Convention shall be ratified by the signatory States. The...

        3. Article 39

          1. This Convention shall enter into force, as between the States...

          2. It shall enter into force for each new Member State...

        4. Article 40

          1. The Secretary-General of the Council of the European Communities shall...

        5. Article 41

          1. This Convention, drawn up in a single original in the...

    6. SCHEDULE 3A

      TEXT OF TITLES V AND VI OF 1982 ACCESSION CONVENTION

      1. TITLE V Transitional provisions

        1. Article 12

          1. 1.The 1968 Convention and the 1971 Protocol, as amended by...

          2. 2.However, judgments given after the date of entry into force...

      2. TITLE VI Final Provisions

        1. Article 13

          1. The Secretary-General of the Council of the European Communities shall...

        2. Article 14

          1. This Convention shall be ratified by the signatory States. The...

        3. Article 15

          1. This Convention shall enter into force, as between the States...

        4. Article 16

          1. The Secretary-General of the Council of the European Communities shall...

        5. Article 17

          1. This Convention, drawn up in a single original in the...

    7. SCHEDULE 3B

      TEXT OF TITLES VI AND VII OF 1989 ACCESSION CONVENTION

      1. TITLE VI TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

        1. Article 29

          1. 1.The 1968 Convention and the 1971 Protocol, as amended by...

          2. 2.However, judgments given after the date of entry into force...

      2. TITLE VII FINAL PROVISIONS

        1. Article 30

          1. 1.The Secretary-General of the Council of the European Communities shall...

          2. 2.The texts of the 1968 Convention, of the 1971 Protocol,...

        2. Article 31

          1. This Convention shall be ratified by the signatory States. The...

        3. Article 32

          1. 1.This Convention shall enter into force on the first day...

          2. 2.This Convention shall take effect in relation to any other...

        4. Article 33

          1. The Secretary-General of the Council of the European Communities shall...

        5. Article 34

          1. This Convention, drawn up in a single original in the...

    8. Schedule 3C

      Text of the Lugano Convention

      1. Arrangement of Provisions

        1. TITLE I. SCOPE (Article 1)

        2. TI TLE II. JURISDICTION Section 1. General provisions (Articles 2-4)....

        3. TITLE III. RECOGNITION AND ENFORCEMENT Definition of “ judgment ”...

        4. TITLE IV. AUTHENTIC INSTRUMENTS AND COURT SETTLEMENTS (Articles 50-51)

        5. TITLE V. GENERAL PROVISIONS (Articles 52-53)

        6. TITLE VI. TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS (Articles 54-54A)

        7. TITLE VII. RELATIONSHIP TO THE BRUSSELS CONVENTION AND TO OTHER...

        8. TITLE VIII. FINAL PROVISIONS (Articles 60-68)

        9. PROTOCOL NO. 1—ON CERTAIN QUESTIONS OF JURISDICTION, PROCEDURE AND ENFORCEMENT...

        10. PROTOCOL NO. 2—ON THE UNIFORM INTERPRETATION OF THE CONVENTION

        11. PROTOCOL NO. 3—ON THE APPLICATION OF ARTICLE 57

      2. CONVENTION

        1. ON JURISDICTION AND THE ENFORCEMENT OF JUDGMENTS IN CIVIL AND COMMERCIAL MATTERS

          1. Preamble

            1. The High Contracting Parties to this Convention,

            2. Anxious to strengthen in their territories the legal protection of...

            3. Considering that it is necessary for this purpose to determine...

            4. Aware of the links between them, which have been sanctioned...

            5. Taking into account the Brussels Convention of 27 September 1968...

            6. Persuaded that the extension of the principles of that Convention...

            7. Desiring to ensure as uniform an interpretation as possible of...

            8. Have in this spirit decided to conclude this Convention and...

            9. Have agreed as follows:

      3. TITLE I SCOPE

        1. Article 1

          1. This Convention shall apply in civil and commercial matters whatever...

          2. The Convention shall not apply to: 1. the status or...

      4. TITLE II JURISDICTION

        1. Section 1 General Provisions

          1. Article 2

            1. Subject to the provisions of this Convention, persons domiciled in...

            2. Persons who are not nationals of the State in which...

          2. Article 3

            1. Persons domiciled in a Contracting State may be sued in...

            2. In particular the following provisions shall not be applicable as...

            3. — in Belgium: Article 15 of the civil code (Code...

            4. — in Denmark: Article 246(2) and (3) of the law...

            5. — in the Federal Republic of Germany: Article 23 of...

            6. — in Greece: Article 40 of the code of civil...

            7. — in France: Articles 14 and 15 of the civil...

            8. — in Ireland: the rules which enable jurisdiction to be...

            9. — in Iceland: Article 77 of the Civil Proceedings Act...

            10. — in Italy: Articles 2 and 4, Nos 1 and...

            11. — in Luxembourg: Articles 14 and 15 of the civil...

            12. — in the Netherlands: Articles 126(3) and 127 of the...

            13. — in Norway: Section 32 of the Civil Proceedings Act...

            14. — in Austria: Article 99 of the Law on Court...

            15. — in Portugal: Articles 65(1)(c), 65(2) and 65A(c) of the...

            16. — in Switzerland: le for du lieu du séquestre/Gerichtsstand des...

            17. — in Finland: the second, third and fourth sentences of...

            18. — in Sweden: the first sentence of Section 3 of...

            19. — in the United Kingdom: the rules which enable jurisdiction...

          3. Article 4

            1. If the defendant is not domiciled in a Contracting State,...

            2. As against such a defendant, any person domiciled in a...

        2. Section 2 Special Jurisdiction

          1. Article 5

            1. A person domiciled in a Contracting State may, in another...

            2. 1.in matters relating to a contract, in the courts for...

            3. 2.in matters relating to maintenance, in the courts for the...

            4. 3.in matters relating to tort, delict or quasi-delict, in the...

            5. 4.as regards a civil claim for damages or restitution which...

            6. 5.as regards a dispute arising out of the operations of...

            7. 6.in his capacity as settlor, trustee or beneficiary of a...

            8. 7.as regards a dispute concerning the payment of remuneration claimed...

          2. Article 6

            1. A person domiciled in a Contracting State may also be...

            2. 1.where he is one of a number of defendants, in...

            3. 2.as a third party in an action on a warranty...

            4. 3.on a counterclaim arising from the same contract or facts...

            5. 4.in matters relating to a contract, if the action may...

          3. Article 6A

            1. Where by virtue of this Convention a court of a...

        3. Section 3 Jurisdiction in Matters Relating to Insurance

          1. Article 7

            1. In matters relating to insurance, jurisdiction shall be determined by...

          2. Article 8

            1. An insurer domiciled in a Contracting State may be sued:...

            2. 1.in the courts of the State where he is domiciled;...

            3. 2.in another Contracting State, in the courts for the place...

            4. 3.if he is a co-insurer, in the courts of a...

          3. Article 9

            1. In respect of liability insurance or insurance of immovable property,...

          4. Article 10

            1. In respect of liability insurance, the insurer may also, if...

            2. The provisions of Articles 7, 8 and 9 shall apply...

            3. If the law governing such direct actions provides that the...

          5. Article 11

            1. Without prejudice to the provisions of the third paragraph of...

            2. The provisions of this Section shall not affect the right...

          6. Article 12

            1. The provisions of this Section may be departed from only...

            2. 1.which is entered into after the dispute has arisen; or...

            3. 2.which allows the policy-holder, the insured or a beneficiary to...

            4. 3.which is concluded between a policy-holder and an insurer, both...

            5. 4.which is concluded with a policy-holder who is not domiciled...

            6. 5.which relates to a contract of insurance in so far...

          7. Article 12A

            1. The following are the risks referred to in Article 12(5):...

            2. 1.any loss of or damage to: (a) sea-going ships, installations...

            3. 2.any liability, other than for bodily injury to passengers or...

            4. 3.any financial loss connected with the use or operation of...

            5. 4.any risk or interest connected with any of those referred...

        4. Section 4 Jurisdiction Over Consumer Contracts

          1. Article 13

            1. In proceedings concerning a contract concluded by a person for...

            2. 1.a contract for the sale of goods on instalment credit...

            3. 2.a contract for a loan repayable by instalments, or for...

            4. 3.any other contract for the supply of goods or a...

          2. Article 14

            1. A consumer may bring proceedings against the other party to...

            2. Proceedings may be brought against a consumer by the other...

            3. These provisions shall not affect the right to bring a...

          3. Article 15

            1. The provisions of this Section may be departed from only...

            2. 1.which is entered into after the dispute has arisen; or...

            3. 2.which allows the consumer to bring proceedings in courts other...

            4. 3.which is entered into by the consumer and the other...

        5. Section 5 Exclusive Jurisdiction

          1. Article 16

            1. The following courts shall have exclusive jurisdiction, regardless of domicile:...

            2. 1.(a) in proceedings which have as their object rights in...

            3. 2.in proceedings which have as their object the validity of...

            4. 3.in proceedings which have as their object the validity of...

            5. 4.in proceedings concerned with the registration or validity of patents,...

            6. 5.in proceedings concerned with the enforcement of judgments, the courts...

        6. Section 6 Prorogation of Jurisdiction

          1. Article 17

            1. 1.If the parties, one or more of whom is domiciled...

            2. 2.The court or courts of a Contracting State on which...

            3. 3.Agreements or provisions of a trust instrument conferring jurisdiction shall...

            4. 4.If an agreement conferring jurisdiction was concluded for the benefit...

            5. 5.In matters relating to individual contracts of employment an agreement...

          2. Article 18

            1. Apart from jurisdiction derived from other provisions of this Convention,...

        7. Section 7 Examination as to Jurisdiction and Admissibility

          1. Article 19

            1. Where a court of a Contracting State is seised of...

          2. Article 20

            1. Where a defendant domiciled in one Contracting State is sued...

            2. The court shall stay the proceedings so long as it...

            3. The provisions of the foregoing paragraph shall be replaced by...

        8. Section 8 LIS PENDENS— Related Actions

          1. Article 21

            1. Where proceedings involving the same cause of action and between...

            2. Where the jurisdiction of the court first seised is established,...

          2. Article 22

            1. Where related actions are brought in the courts of different...

            2. A court other than the court first seised may also,...

            3. For the purposes of this Article, actions are deemed to...

          3. Article 23

            1. Where actions come within the exclusive jurisdiction of several courts,...

        9. Section 9 Provisional, Including Protective, Measures

          1. Article 24

            1. Application may be made to the courts of a Contracting...

      5. TITLE III RECOGNITION AND ENFORCEMENT

        1. Article 25

          1. For the purposes of this Convention, “ judgment ” means...

        2. Section 1 Recognition

          1. Article 26

            1. A judgment given in a Contracting State shall be recognised...

            2. Any interested party who raises the recognition of a judgment...

            3. If the outcome of proceedings in a court of a...

          2. Article 27

            1. A judgment shall not be recognised:

            2. 1.if such recognition is contrary to public policy in the...

            3. 2.where it was given in default of appearance, if the...

            4. 3.if the judgment is irreconcilable with a judgment given in...

            5. 4.if the court of the State of origin, in order...

            6. 5.if the judgment is irreconcilable with an earlier judgment given...

          3. Article 28

            1. Moreover, a judgment shall not be recognised if it conflicts...

            2. A judgment may furthermore be refused recognition in any case...

            3. In its examination of the grounds of jurisdiction referred to...

            4. Subject to the provisions of the first and second paragraphs,...

          4. Article 29

            1. Under no circumstances may a foreign judgment be reviewed as...

          5. Article 30

            1. A court of a Contracting State in which recognition is...

            2. A court of a Contracting State in which recognition is...

        3. Section 2 Enforcement

          1. Article 31

            1. A judgment given in a Contracting State and enforceable in...

            2. However, in the United Kingdom, such a judgment shall be...

          2. Article 32

            1. 1.The application shall be submitted: — in Belgium, to the...

            2. 2.The jurisdiction of local courts shall be determined by reference...

          3. Article 33

            1. The procedure for making the application shall be governed by...

            2. The applicant must give an address for service of process...

            3. The documents referred to in Articles 46 and 47 shall...

          4. Article 34

            1. The court applied to shall give its decision without delay;...

            2. The application may be refused only for one of the...

            3. Under no circumstances may the foreign judgment be reviewed as...

          5. Article 35

            1. The appropriate officer of the court shall without delay bring...

          6. Article 36

            1. If enforcement is authorised, the party against whom enforcement is...

            2. If that party is domiciled in a Contracting State other...

          7. Article 37

            1. 1.An appeal against the decision authorising enforcement shall be lodged...

            2. 2.The judgment given on the appeal may be contested only:...

          8. Article 38

            1. The court with which the appeal under the first paragraph...

            2. Where the judgment was given in Ireland or the United...

            3. The court may also make enforcement conditional on the provision...

          9. Article 39

            1. During the time specified for an appeal pursuant to Article...

            2. The decision authorising enforcement shall carry with it the power...

          10. Article 40

            1. 1.If the application for enforcement is refused, the applicant may...

            2. 2.The party against whom enforcement is sought shall be summoned...

          11. Article 41

            1. A judgment given on an appeal provided for in Article...

          12. Article 42

            1. Where a foreign judgment has been given in respect of...

            2. An applicant may request partial enforcement of a judgment.

          13. Article 43

            1. A foreign judgment which orders a periodic payment by way...

          14. Article 44

            1. An applicant who, in the State of origin, has benefited...

            2. However, an applicant who requests the enforcement of a decision...

          15. Article 45

            1. No security, bond or deposit, however described, shall be required...

        4. Section 3 Common Provisions

          1. Article 46

            1. A party seeking recognition or applying for enforcement of a...

            2. 1.a copy of the judgment which satisfies the conditions necessary...

            3. 2.in the case of a judgment given in default, the...

          2. Article 47

            1. A party applying for enforcement shall also produce:

            2. 1.documents which establish that, according to the law of the...

            3. 2.where appropriate, a document showing that the applicant is in...

          3. Article 48

            1. If the documents specified in Article 46(2) and Article 47(2)...

            2. If the court so requires, a translation of the documents...

          4. Article 49

            1. No legalisation or other similar formality shall be required in...

      6. TITLE IV AUTHENTIC INSTRUMENTS AND COURT SETTLEMENTS

        1. Article 50

          1. A document which has been formally drawn up or registered...

          2. The instrument produced must satisfy the conditions necessary to establish...

          3. The provisions of Section 3 of Title III shall apply...

        2. Article 51

          1. A settlement which has been approved by a court in...

      7. TITLE V GENERAL PROVISIONS

        1. Article 52

          1. In order to determine whether a party is domiciled in...

          2. If a party is not domiciled in the State whose...

        2. Article 53

          1. For the purposes of this Convention, the seat of a...

          2. In order to determine whether a trust is domiciled in...

      8. TITLE VI TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

        1. Article 54

          1. The provisions of this Convention shall apply only to legal...

          2. However, judgments given after the date of entry into force...

          3. If the parties to a dispute concerning a contract had...

        2. Article 54A

          1. For a period of three years from the entry into...

          2. 1.A person who is domiciled in a Contracting State may...

          3. 2.A claimant may arrest either the particular ship to which...

          4. 3.Ships shall be deemed to be in the same ownership...

          5. 4.When in the case of a charter by demise of...

          6. 5.The expression “ maritime claim ” means a claim arising...

          7. 6.In Denmark, the expression “ arrest ” shall be deemed,...

          8. 7.In Iceland, the expression “ arrest ” shall be deemed,...

      9. TITLE VII RELATIONSHIP TO THE BRUSSELS CONVENTION AND TO OTHER CONVENTIONS

        1. Article 54B

          1. 1.This Convention shall not prejudice the application by the Member...

          2. 2.However, this Convention shall in any event be applied:

          3. 3.In addition to the grounds provided for in Title III...

        2. Article 55

          1. Subject to the provisions of the second paragraph of Article...

        3. Article 56

          1. The Treaty and the conventions referred to in Article 55...

          2. They shall continue to have effect in respect of judgments...

        4. Article 57

          1. 1.This Convention shall not affect any conventions to which the...

          2. 2.This Convention shall not prevent a court of a Contracting...

          3. 3.Judgments given in a Contracting State by a court in...

          4. 4.In addition to the grounds provided for in Title III,...

          5. 5.Where a convention referred to in the first paragraph to...

        5. Article 58

        6. (None)

        7. Article 59

          1. This Convention shall not prevent a Contracting State from assuming,...

          2. However, a Contracting State may not assume an obligation towards...

      10. TITLE VIII FINAL PROVISIONS

        1. Article 60

          1. The following may be parties to this Convention:

        2. Article 61

          1. 1.This Convention shall be opened for signature by the States...

          2. 2.The Convention shall be submitted for ratification by the signatory...

          3. 3.The Convention shall enter into force on the first day...

          4. 4.The Convention shall take effect in relation to any other...

        3. Article 62

          1. 1.After entering into force this Convention shall be open to...

          2. 2.If an acceding State wishes to furnish details for the...

          3. 3.In respect of an acceding State, the Convention shall take...

          4. 4.However, in respect of an acceding State referred to in...

        4. Article 63

          1. Each acceding State shall, when depositing its instrument of accession,...

        5. Article 64

          1. 1.This Convention is concluded for an initial period of five...

          2. 2.At the end of the initial five-year period, the Convention...

          3. 3.Upon the expiry of the initial five-year period, any Contracting...

          4. 4.The denunciation shall take effect at the end of the...

        6. Article 65

          1. The following are annexed to this Convention: — a Protocol...

        7. Article 66

          1. Any Contracting State may request the revision of this Convention....

        8. Article 67

          1. The Swiss Federal Council shall notify the States represented at...

        9. Article 68

          1. This Convention, drawn up in a single original in the...

        10. Protocol No. 1 ON CERTAIN QUESTIONS OF JURISDICTION, PROCEDURE AND ENFORCEMENT

          1. The High Contracting Parties have agreed upon the following provisions,...

          2. Article I

            1. Any person domiciled in Luxembourg who is sued in a...

            2. An agreement conferring jurisdiction, within the meaning of Article 17,...

          3. Article Ia

            1. 1.Switzerland reserves the right to declare, at the time of...

            2. 2.This reservation shall not apply to the extent that at...

            3. 3.This reservation shall cease to have effect on 31 December...

          4. Article Ib

            1. Any Contracting State may, by declaration made at the time...

          5. Article II

            1. Without prejudice to any more favourable provisions of national laws,...

            2. However, the court seised of the matter may order appearance...

          6. Article III

            1. In proceedings for the issue of an order for enforcement,...

          7. Article IV

            1. Judicial and extrajudicial documents drawn up in one Contracting State...

            2. Unless the State in which service is to take place...

          8. Article V

            1. The jurisdiction specified in Articles 6(2) and 10 in actions...

            2. Judgments given in the other Contracting States by virtue of...

          9. Article Va

            1. In matters relating to maintenance, the expression “ court ”...

            2. In civil and commercial matters, the expression “ court ”...

          10. Article Vb

            1. In proceedings involving a dispute between the master and a...

          11. Article Vc

          12. (None)

          13. Article Vd

            1. Without prejudice to the jurisdiction of the European Patent Office...

          14. Article VI

            1. The Contracting States shall communicate to the Swiss Federal Council...

        11. Protocol No. 2 ON THE UNIFORM INTERPRETATION OF THE CONVENTION

          1. Preamble

            1. The High Contracting Parties,

            2. Having regard to Article 65 of this Convention,

            3. Considering the substantial link between this Convention and the Brussels...

            4. Considering that the Court of Justice of the European Communities...

            5. Being aware of the rulings delivered by the Court of...

            6. Considering that the negotiations which led to the conclusion of...

            7. Desiring to prevent, in full deference to the independence of...

            8. Have agreed as follows:

          2. Article 1

            1. The courts of each Contracting State shall, when applying and...

          3. Article 2

            1. 1.The Contracting Parties agree to set up a system of...

            2. 2.The central body is the Registrar of the Court of...

          4. Article 3

            1. 1.A Standing Committee shall be set up for the purposes...

            2. 2.The Committee shall be composed of representatives appointed by each...

            3. 3.The European Communities (Commission, Court of Justice and General Secretariat...

          5. Article 4

            1. 1.At the request of a Contracting Party, the depositary of...

            2. 2.The Committee, in the light of these exchanges, may also...

        12. Protocol No. 3 ON THE APPLICATION OF ARTICLE 57

          1. The High Contracting Parties have agreed as follows:

          2. 1.For the purposes of the Convention, provisions which, in relation...

          3. 2.If one Contracting State is of the opinion that a...

    9. SCHEDULE 4

      CHAPTER II OF THE REGULATION AS MODIFIED: RULES FOR ALLOCATION OF JURISDICTION WITHIN UK

      1. General

        1. 1.Subject to the rules of this Schedule, persons domiciled in...

        2. 2.Persons domiciled in a part of the United Kingdom may...

      2. Special jurisdiction

        1. 3.A person domiciled in a part of the United Kingdom...

        2. 4.Proceedings which have as their object a decision of an...

        3. 5.A person domiciled in a part of the United Kingdom...

        4. 6.Where by virtue of this Schedule a court of a...

      3. Jurisdiction over consumer contracts

        1. 7.(1) In matters relating to a contract concluded by a...

        2. 8.(1) A consumer may bring proceedings against the other party...

        3. 9.The provisions of rules 7 and 8 may be departed...

      4. Jurisdiction over individual contracts of employment

        1. 10.(1) In matters relating to individual contracts of employment, jurisdiction...

      5. Exclusive jurisdiction

        1. 11.The following courts shall have exclusive jurisdiction, regardless of domicile...

      6. Prorogation of jurisdiction

        1. 12.(1) If the parties have agreed that a court or...

        2. 13.(1) Apart from jurisdiction derived from other provisions of this...

      7. Examination as to jurisdiction and admissibility

        1. 14.Where a court of a part of the United Kingdom...

        2. 15.(1) Where a defendant domiciled in one part of the...

      8. Provisional, including protective, measures

        1. 16.Application may be made to the courts of a part...

    10. SCHEDULE 5

      PROCEEDINGS EXCLUDED FROM SECTION 4

      1. Proceedings under the Companies Acts

        1. 1.Proceedings for the winding up of a company under the...

      2. Patents, trade marks, designs and similar rights

        1. 2.Proceedings concerned with the registration or validity of patents, trade...

      3. Protection of Trading Interests Act 1980

        1. 3.Proceedings under section 6 of the Protection of Trading Interests...

      4. Appeals etc. from tribunals

        1. 4.Proceedings on appeal from, or for review of, decisions of...

      5. Maintenance and similar payments to local and other public authorities

        1. 5.Proceedings for, or otherwise relating to, an order under any...

      6. Proceedings under certain conventions, etc.

        1. 6.Proceedings brought in any court in pursuance of—

      7. Certain Admiralty proceedings in Scotland

        1. 7.Proceedings in Scotland in an Admiralty cause where the jurisdiction...

      8. Register of aircraft mortgages

        1. 8.Proceedings for the rectification of the register of aircraft mortgages...

      9. Continental Shelf Act 1964

        1. 9.Proceedings brought in any court in pursuance of an order...

      10. Financial Services Act 1986

        1. 10.Proceedings such as are mentioned in section 415 of the...

    11. SCHEDULE 6

      ENFORCEMENT OF U.K. JUDGMENTS (MONEY PROVISIONS)

      1. Preliminary

        1. 1.In this Schedule— “judgment” means any judgment to which section...

      2. Certificates in respect of judgments

        1. 2.(1) Any interested party who wishes to secure the enforcement...

        2. 3.A certificate shall not be issued under this Schedule in...

        3. 4.(1) Subject to paragraph 3, on an application under paragraph...

      3. Registration of certificates

        1. 5.(1) Where a certificate has been issued under this Schedule...

      4. General effect of registration

        1. 6.(1) A certificate registered under this Schedule shall, for the...

      5. Costs or expenses

        1. 7.Where a certificate is registered under this Schedule, the reasonable...

      6. Interest

        1. 8.(1) Subject to any provision made under sub-paragraph (2), the...

      7. Stay or sisting of enforcement in certain cases

        1. 9.Where a certificate in respect of a judgment has been...

      8. Cases in which registration of a certificate must or may be set aside

        1. 10.Where a certificate has been registered under this Schedule, the...

    12. SCHEDULE 7

      ENFORCEMENT OF U.K. JUDGMENTS (NON-MONEY PROVISIONS)

      1. Preliminary

        1. 1.In this Schedule— “judgment” means any judgment to which section...

      2. Certified copies of judgments

        1. 2.(1) Any interested party who wishes to secure the enforcement...

        2. 3.A certified copy of a judgment shall not be issued...

        3. 4.(1) Subject to paragraph 3, on an application under paragraph...

      3. Registration of judgments

        1. 5.(1) Where a certified copy of a judgment has been...

      4. General effect of registration

        1. 6.(1) The non-money provisions contained in a judgment registered under...

      5. Costs or expenses

        1. 7.(1) Where a judgment is registered under this Schedule, the...

      6. Stay or sisting of enforcement in certain cases

        1. 8.Where a judgment has been registered under this Schedule, the...

      7. Cases in which registered judgment must or may be set aside

        1. 9.Where a judgment has been registered under this Schedule, the...

    13. SCHEDULE 8

      RULES AS TO JURISDICTION IN SCOTLAND

      1. General

        1. 1.Subject to the following rules, persons shall be sued in...

      2. Special jurisdiction

        1. 2.Subject to rules 3 (jurisdiction over consumer contracts), 4 (jurisdiction...

      3. Jurisdiction over consumer contracts

        1. 3.(1) In matters relating to a contract concluded by a...

      4. Jurisdiction over individual contracts of employment

        1. 4.(1) In matters relating to individual contracts of employment, jurisdiction...

      5. Exclusive jurisdiction

        1. 5.(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any of rules 1 to...

      6. Prorogation of jurisdiction

        1. 6.(1) If the parties have agreed that a court is...

        2. 7.(1) Apart from jurisdiction derived from other provisions of this...

      7. Examination as to jurisdiction and admissibility

        1. 8.Where a court is seised of a claim which is...

        2. 9.Where in any case a court has no jurisdiction which...

    14. SCHEDULE 9

      PROCEEDINGS EXCLUDED FROM SCHEDULE 8

      1. 1.Proceedings concerning the status or legal capacity of natural persons...

      2. 2.Proceedings for regulating the custody of children.

      3. 2A.Proceedings relating to parental responsibilities within the meaning of section...

      4. 3.Proceedings relating to tutory and curatory and all proceedings relating...

      5. 4.Proceedings in respect of sequestration in bankruptcy; or the winding...

      6. 5.Proceedings relating to a company where, by any enactment, jurisdiction...

      7. 6.Admiralty causes in so far as the jurisdiction is based...

      8. 7.Commissary proceedings.

      9. 8.Proceedings for the rectification of the register of aircraft mortgages...

      10. 9.Proceedings under section 7(3) of the Civil Aviation (Eurocontrol) Act...

      11. 10.Proceedings brought in pursuance of an order under section 23...

      12. 11.Proceedings under section 6 of the Protection of Trading Interests...

      13. 12.Appeals from or review of decisions of tribunals.

      14. 13.Proceedings which are not in substance proceedings in which a...

      15. 14.Proceedings brought in any court in pursuance of—

    15. SCHEDULE 10

      AMENDMENTS OF FOREIGN JUDGMENTS (RECIPROCAL ENFORCEMENT) ACT 1933

      1. 1.(1) Section 1 (power to extend Part I to foreign...

      2. 2.In section 9 (power to make foreign judgment unenforceable in...

      3. 3.For section 10 (issue of certificates of judgments obtained in...

      4. 4.After section 10 insert— Arbitration awards. The provisions of this Act, except sections 1(5) and 6,...

      5. 5.(1) Section 1(1) (interpretation) is amended as follows.

    16. SCHEDULE 11

      MINOR AMENDMENTS RELATING TO MAINTENANCE ORDERS

      1. PART I ENFORCEMENT OF LUMP SUM ORDERS

        1. Maintenance Orders Act 1950 (c. 37)

          1. 1.In section 18(3A) of the Maintenance Orders Act 1950 (order...

        2. Maintenance Orders Act 1958 (c.39)

          1. 2.(1) Section 2 of the Maintenance Orders Act 1958 (registration...

        3. Maintenance and Affiliation Orders Act (Northern Ireland) 1966 (c. 35) (N.I.)

          1. 3.(1) Section 11 of the Maintenance and Affiliation Orders Act...

        4. Maintenance Orders (Reciprocal Enforcement) Act 1972 (c. 18)

          1. 4.(1) In section 9 of the Maintenance Orders (Reciprocal Enforcement)...

      2. PART II RECOVERY OF INTERESTS ON ARREARS

        1. Maintenance Orders Act 1950 (c. 37)

          1. 5.In section 18 of the Maintenance Orders Act 1950 (enforcement...

        2. Maintenance Orders Act 1958 (c.39)

          1. 6.(1) The Maintenance Orders Act 1958 is amended as follows....

        3. Maintenance and Affiliation Orders Act (Northern Ireland) 1966 (c. 35) (N.I.)

          1. 7.(1) The Maintenance and Affiliation Orders Act (Northern Ireland) 1966...

      3. PART III RECIPROCAL ENFORCEMENT FOUNDED ON PRESENCE OF ASSETS

        1. Maintenance Orders (Reciprocal Enforcement) Act 1972 (c. 18)

          1. 8.The Maintenance Orders (Reciprocal Enforcement) Act 1972 is amended as...

          2. 9.In section 2 (transmission of United Kingdom order for enforcement...

          3. 10.In section 6 (registration in United Kingdom of order in...

          4. 11.In section 8(5) (duty of magistrates’ court and its officers...

          5. 12.In section 9 (variation and revocation of orders), after subsection...

          6. 13.(1) Section 10 (cancellation of registration and transfer of orders)...

          7. 14.In section 11(1) (steps to be taken where payer is...

          8. 15.In section 21(1) (interpretation of Part I), in the definition...

          9. 16.In section 24 (application of Part I to certain order...

          10. 17.In section 40 (power to apply Act with modifications by...

          11. 18.In section 47 (interpretation), in subsection (3) (construction of references...

    17. SCHEDULE 12

      CONSEQUENTIAL AMENDMENTS

      1. PART I AMENDMENTS CONSEQUENTIAL ON PART I OF THIS ACT

        1. Army Act 1955 (c. 18) and Air Force Act 1955 (c. 19)

          1. 1.In section 150 of the Army Act 1955 and in...

        2. Naval Discipline Act 1957 (c. 53)

          1. 2.In section 101 of the Naval Discipline Act 1957 (service...

        3. Maintenance Orders Act 1958 (c. 39)

          1. 3.In section 1 of the Maintenance Orders Act 1958 (scope...

        4. Maintenance and Affiliation Orders Act (Northern Ireland) 1966 (c. 35) (N.I.)

          1. 4.In section 10 of the Maintenance and Affiliation Orders Act...

        5. Administration of Justice Act 1970 (c. 31)

          1. 5.In Schedule 8 to the Administration of Justice Act 1970...

        6. Attachment of Earnings Act 1971 (c. 32)

          1. 6.In Schedule 1 to the Attachment of Earnings Act 1971...

        7. Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 (c. 43)

          1. 7.In section 65 of the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 (definition...

        8. Magistrates’ Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 (S.I. 1981/1675 (N.I. 26))

          1. 8.(1) In Article 88 of the Magistrates’ Courts (Northern Ireland)...

      2. PART II AMENDMENTS CONSEQUENTIAL ON SCHEDULE 8

        1. Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Scotland) Act 1940 (c. 42)

          1. 1.In the Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Scotland) Act 1940 after...

        2. Maintenance Orders Act 1950 (c. 37)

          1. 2.In section 15(1)(b) of the Maintenance Orders Act 1950 for...

        3. Maintenance Orders (Reciprocal Enforcement) Act 1972 (c. 18)

          1. 3.(1) In section 4 of the Maintenance Orders (Reciprocal Enforcement)...

        4. Consumer Credit Act 1974 (c. 39)

          1. 4.In section 141 of the Consumer Credit Act 1974 the...

      3. PART III AMENDMENTS CONSEQUENTIAL ON SECTION 36

        1. Maintenance Orders Act 1950 (c.37)

          1. 1.(1) The Maintenance Orders Act 1950 is amended as follows....

        2. Maintenance Orders Act 1958 (c. 39)

          1. 2.In section 23(2) of the Maintenance Orders Act 1958 (provisions...

        3. Maintenance and Affiliation Orders Act (Northern Ireland) 1966 (c. 35) (N.I.)

          1. 3.(1) The Maintenance and Affiliation Orders Act (Northern Ireland) 1966...

        4. Judgments Enforcement (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 (S.I. 1981/266 (N.I.))

          1. 4.In Article 98 of the Judgments Enforcement (Northern Ireland) Order...

        5. Magistrates’ Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 (S.I. 1981/1675 (N.I.))

          1. 5.(1) In Article 88 of the Magistrates’ Courts (Northern Ireland)...

    18. SCHEDULE 13

      Commencement, Transitional Provisions and Savings

      1. Part I Commencement

        1. Provisions coming into force on Royal Assent

          1. 1.The following provisions come into force on Royal Assent: Provision...

        2. Provisions coming into force six weeks after Royal Assent

          1. 2.The following provisions come into force at the end of...

        3. Provisions coming into force on a day to be appointed

          1. 3.(1) The other provisions of this Act come into force...

      2. Part II Transitional Provisions and Savings

        1. Section 16 and Schedule 4

          1. 1.(1) Section 16 and Schedule 4 shall not apply to...

        2. Section 18 and Schedule 6 and associated repeals

          1. 2.(1) In relation to a judgment a certificate whereof has...

        3. Section 18 and Schedule 7

          1. 3.Schedule 7 and, so far as it relates to that...

        4. Section 19

          1. 4.Section 19 shall not apply to judgments given before the...

        5. Section 20 and Schedule 8

          1. 5.Section 20 and Schedule 8 shall not apply to any...

        6. Section 26

          1. 6.The power conferred by section 26 shall not be exercisable...

        7. Section 31

          1. 7.Section 31 shall not apply to any judgment—

        8. Section 32 and associated repeal

          1. 8.(1) Section 32 shall not apply to any judgment—

        9. Section 33 and associated repeal

          1. 9.(1) Section 33 shall not apply to any judgment—

        10. Section 34

          1. 10.Section 34 shall not apply to judgments given before the...

    19. SCHEDULE 14

      Repeals

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