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Civil Jurisdiction and Judgments Act 1982

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Section 53.

X1SCHEDULE 10E+W+S+N.I.M1AMENDMENTS OF FOREIGN JUDGMENTS (RECIPROCAL ENFORCEMENT) ACT 1933

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X1The text of ss. 15(4), 16(5), 23(2), 35(2)(3), 36(6), 37(2), 38, 40(3), 54, Schs. 10–12 and 14 is in the form in which it was originally enacted: it was not reproduced in Statutes in Force and does not reflect any amendments or repeals which may have been made prior to 1.2.1991.

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1(1)Section 1 (power to extend Part I to foreign countries giving reciprocal treatment) is amended as follows.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)For subsections (1) and (2) substitute—

(1)If, in the case of any foreign country, Her Majesty is satisfied that, in the event of the benefits conferred by this Part of this Act being extended to, or to any particular class of, judgments given in the courts of that country or in any particular class of those courts, substantial reciprocity of treatment shall be assured as regards the enforcement in that country of similar judgments given in similar courts of the United Kingdom, She may by Order in Council direct—

(a)that this Part of this Act shall extend to that country;

(b)that such courts of that country as are specified in the Order shall be recognised courts of that country for the purposes of this Part of this Act ; and

(b)that judgments of any such recognised court, or such judgments of any such class so specified, shall, if within subsection (2) of this section, be judgments to which this Part of this Act applies.

(2)Subject to subsection (2A) of this section, a judgement of a recognised court is within this subsection if it satisfies the following conditions, namely—

(a)it is either final and conclusive as between the judgement debtor and the judgement creditor or requires the former to make an interim payment to the latter ; and

(b)there is payable under it a sum of money, not being a sum payable in respect of taxes or other charges of a like nature or in respect of a fine or other penalty ; and

(c)it is given after the coming into force of the Order in Council which made that court a recognised court.

(2A)The following judgments of a recognised court are not within subsection (2) of this section—

(a)a judgement given by that court on appeal from a court which is not a recognised court;

(b)a judgement or other instrument which is regarded for the purposes of its enforcement as a judgement of that court but which was given or made in another country ;

(c)a judgement given by that court in proceedings founded on a judgement of a court in another country and having as their object the enforcement of that judgement..

(3)After subsection (4) add—

(5)Any Order in Council made under this section before its amendment by the Civil Jurisdiction and Judgments Act 1982 which deems any court of a foreign country to be a superior court of that country for the purposes of this Part of this Act shall (without prejudice to subsection (4) of this section) have effect from the time of the amendment as if it provided for that court to be a recognised court of that country for those purposes, and for any final and conclusive judgement of that court, if within subsection (2) of this section, to be a judgement to which this Part of this Act applies..

2In section 9 (power to make foreign judgment unenforceable in United Kingdom if no reciprocity), in subsection (1) omit “superior” in both places where it occurs.E+W+S+N.I.

3For section 10 (issue of certificates of judgments obtained in the United Kingdom) substitute—E+W+S+N.I.

10 Provision for issue of copies of, and certificates in connection with, U.K. judgments.

(1)Rules may make provision for enabling any judgement creditor wishing to secure the enforcement in a foreign country to which Part I of this Act extends of a judgement to which this subsection applies, to obtain, subject to any conditions specified in the rules—

(a)a copy of the judgement; and

(b)a certificate giving particulars relating to the judgement and the proceedings in which it was given.

(2)Subsection (1) applies to any judgment given by a court or tribunal in the United Kingdom under which a sum of money is payable, not being a sum payable in respect of taxes or other charges of a like nature or in respect of a fine or other penalty.

(3)In this section “rules”—

(a)in relation to judgments given by a court, means rules of court;

(b)in relation to judgments given by any other tribunal, means rules or regulations made by the authority having power to make rules or regulations regulating to procedure of that tribunal..

4After section 10 insert—E+W+S+N.I.

10A Arbitration awards.

The provisions of this Act, except sections 1(5) and 6, shall apply, as they apply to a judgement, in relation to an award in proceedings on an arbitration which has, in pursuance of the law in force in the place where it was made, became enforceable in the same manner as a judgement given by a court in that place..

5(1)Section 1(1) (interpretation) is amended as follows.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)After the definition of “Country of the original court” insert—

Court” except in section 10 of this Act, includes a tribunal;.

(3)Omit the definition of “Judgments given in the superior courts of the United Kingdom”.

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