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The Avian Influenza (Preventive Measures) (Wales) Regulations 2005

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Welsh Statutory Instruments

2005 No. 2985 (W.219)

ANIMALS, WALES

ANIMAL HEALTH

The Avian Influenza (Preventive Measures) (Wales) Regulations 2005

Made

28 October 2005 at 17:05

Coming into force

28 October 2005 at 17:20

The National Assembly for Wales is designated for the purposes of section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972(1) in relation to the common agricultural policy of the European Community(2). Exercising the powers conferred upon it by that section, the National Assembly for Wales makes the following Regulations:

Title, commencement and application

1.  The title of these Regulations is the Avian Influenza (Preventive Measures) (Wales) Regulations 2005; they apply in relation to Wales and come into force on 28 October 2005 at 17:20.

Interpretation

2.  In these Regulations —

“the Act” means the Animal Health Act 1981(3);

“Assembly Secretary” means the Assembly Secretary with responsibility for the Environment, Planning and Countryside appointed under section 53(2) of the Government of Wales Act 1998(4);

“the 2005 avian influenza survey” means the survey for avian influenza being carried out by the National Assembly in accordance with Commission Decision 2005/464/EC on the implementation of survey programmes for avian influenza in poultry and wild birds to be carried out in the Member States (5) and with the national plan approved by Commission Decision 2005/732/EC approving the programmes for the implementation of Member States' surveys for avian influenza in poultry and wild birds during 2005 and laying down reporting and eligibility rules for the Community financial contribution to the implementation costs of those programmes(6));

“avian influenza” means an infection of poultry or other captive birds caused by any influenza A virus of the subtypes H5 or H7 or with an intravenous pathogenicity index in six week old chickens greater than 1.2;

“commercial poultry premises” means premises where poultry are kept for commercial purposes and does not include premises where all poultry and their eggs are kept by their owners for their own consumption or, in case of poultry, as pets;

“the Commission Decision” means Commission Decision 2005/734/EC laying down biosecurity measures to reduce the risk of transmission of highly pathogenic avian influenza caused by influenza A virus of subtype H5N1 from birds living in the wild to poultry and other captive birds and providing for an early detection system in areas at particular risk (7);

“inspector” means an inspector appointed by a local authority for the purposes of these Regulations or under the Act;

“local authority” means in relation to an area the county council or county borough council for that area;

“the National Assembly” means the National Assembly for Wales of Cathays Park, Cardiff CF10 3NQ;

“other captive bird” means any bird other than poultry kept in captivity, including any bird kept for shows, races, exhibitions and competitions (such as ornamental birds and racing pigeons);

“poultry” means all birds that are reared or kept in captivity for the production of meat or eggs for consumption, the production of other commercial products, for restocking supplies of game or for the purposes of any breeding programme for the production of these categories of birds;

“veterinary inspector” means an inspector appointed by the Assembly Secretary under or for the purposes of these Regulations or by the National Assembly or Assembly Secretary under the Act.

Licences, notices and declarations

3.—(1) Licences, notices and declarations under these Regulations must be in writing, may be subject to conditions and may be amended, suspended or revoked in writing at any time.

(2) The Assembly Secretary must take such steps as he or she considers necessary to ensure that licences, notices and declarations are brought to the attention of those who may be affected by them and, in particular, must ensure that the extent of any zone declared under these Regulations, the nature of the restrictions and requirements applicable within it and the dates of its declaration and withdrawal (and any suspension of it) are publicised.

Risk assessment and imposition of restrictions

4.—(1) The Assembly Secretary must evaluate the risk of the transmission of avian influenza virus (in particular virus of the subtype H5N1) from wild birds to poultry or other captive birds in Wales, taking into account the criteria and risk factors set out in Annex I to the Commission Decision.

(2) Having carried out such an evaluation, the Assembly Secretary must, if he or she considers it necessary to reduce the risk of transmission of avian influenza (in particular virus of the subtype H5N1) —

(a)declare an avian influenza prevention zone in all or part of Wales; or

(b)serve a restrictions notice on the occupier of any premises where poultry, other captive birds or any specified species of poultry or captive birds are kept.

(3) A restrictions notice may, on the instruction of the Assembly Secretary, be served by an inspector.

(4) The Assembly Secretary must, in a declaration of an avian influenza prevention zone or in a restrictions notice, impose (to the extent that they are appropriate and practicable) such of the following restrictions as he or she considers necessary —

(a)poultry and other captive birds must be housed or otherwise kept separate from wild birds;

(b)domestic ducks and geese must be housed or otherwise kept separate from other poultry and other captive birds;

(c)poultry and other captive birds must be fed and provided with drinking water indoors or under a shelter which prevents wild birds from gaining access to the food or water supply;

(d)bodies of water to which poultry have access for animal welfare reasons must be sufficiently screened off from wild waterfowl;

(e)drinking water provided to poultry and other captive birds must not be sourced from surface water reservoirs unless the water has been treated to render any virus it may contain inactive;

(f)birds of the orders Anseriformes (including ducks, geese and swans) and Charadriformes (including gulls, murres, terns, avocets, puffins, woodcock, oystercatchers, sandpipers, plovers, surfbirds, snipes and skimmers) must not be used as decoys during bird-hunting except —

(i)for the purpose of attracting birds for sampling as part of the 2005 avian influenza survey; and

(ii)under the authority of a licence granted by a veterinary inspector;

(g)keepers of poultry or other captive birds must immediately notify the Assembly Secretary of the following as regards any flock of such birds —

(i)any drop in feed and water intake of more than 20%;

(ii)any drop in egg production of more than 5% for more than 2 days; or

(iii)a mortality rate greater than 3% in a week;

(h)keepers of poultry and other captive birds and any other persons who come into contact with such birds or who enter or leave premises where they are kept must take appropriate biosecurity measures;

(i)such other appropriate and practicable requirements as the Assembly Secretary considers necessary—

(aa)to prevent any direct or indirect contact which wild birds might otherwise have with poultry and other captive birds; and

(bb)to ensure separation between domestic ducks and geese on the one hand and other poultry on the other.

(5) A declaration of an avian influenza prevention zone must —

(a)specify the boundaries of the avian influenza prevention zone; and

(b)specify the requirements which apply in the zone.

(6) Any premises which are partly inside and partly outside an avian influenza prevention zone are deemed to be wholly within it.

(7) Any person to whom restrictions in a declaration or notice under these Regulations apply must comply with such restrictions, except to the extent that he or she is authorised to do otherwise by a licence issued by a veterinary inspector.

Prohibition on fairs, markets, shows and other gatherings

5.—(1) No person is to permit birds to be collected together at any fair, market, show, exhibition or other gathering except under the authority of a licence issued by the Assembly Secretary.

(2) The Assembly Secretary must only grant a licence if a veterinary risk assessment has been carried out and he or she is satisfied that the gathering and the transit of birds to and from the gathering would not significantly increase the risk of the transmission of avian influenza virus (in particular of virus of the subtype H5N1).

Identification of poultry premises

6.—(1) Any person who keeps 50 or more poultry on commercial poultry premises must make a written record of the following —

(a)the address of the premises and the holding number (if he or she has one);

(b)the owner of the poultry and the person with day to day management of the premises where they are kept (if different);

(c)the species kept at the premises;

(d)the husbandry system or systems in use at the premises (for example, whether poultry are kept for meat, hatching eggs, or eggs for consumption);

(e)the maximum number of each species of poultry that could be present on the premises;

(f)any factors (such as seasonal stocking variations) which might result in significant differences in the numbers or species of poultry present on the premises;

(g)the number and species of any poultry with access to the open air;

(h)the presence on or in the vicinity of the premises of any body of water which attracts wild birds; and

(i)such other information as the Assembly Secretary requires for the purpose of carrying out a risk assessment under Regulation 4 or 5 or otherwise complying with the Commission Decision.

(2) The person who makes this written record must notify this information to the Assembly Secretary by the date which the Assembly Secretary specifies in further regulations.

(3) The person who makes the written record must inform the Assembly Secretary if poultry have not been kept on the premises for over a year.

Identification of other premises

7.—(1) The Assembly Secretary must (if he or she considers it necessary for the purpose of carrying out a risk assessment under Regulation 4 or 5 or otherwise complying with the Commission Decision), require in writing, any keeper of poultry or other captive birds on premises other than those to which Regulation 6 applies to comply with some or all of the requirements of Regulation 6.

(2) For the purposes of this Regulation, regulation 6 is to be read as if references to poultry included reference to other captive birds.

Monitoring of premises

8.  The Assembly Secretary must ensure that veterinary inspectors and inspectors who inspect premises where poultry or other captive birds are kept monitor compliance with these Regulations.

Powers of inspectors

9.—(1) A veterinary inspector or an inspector may enter any premises for the purpose of ascertaining whether these Regulations (or any declaration, notice or licence under them) are being or have been complied with and may —

(a)inspect and copy any records (in whatever form they are held) kept under these Regulations, or remove such records to enable them to be copied;

(b)inspect and check the operation of any computer and any associated apparatus or material which is or has been in use in connection with the records; and for this purpose may require any person having charge of, or otherwise concerned with the operation of, the computer, apparatus or material to afford him or her such assistance as he or she may reasonably require (including providing him or her with any necessary passwords) and, where a record is kept by means of a computer, may require the records to be produced in a form in which they may be taken away;

(c)mark any bird or other thing for identification purposes; and

(d)take with him or her such persons and equipment as he or she considers necessary.

(2) Any person who defaces, obliterates or removes any mark applied under paragraph (1)(c) is guilty of an offence.

(3) If veterinary inspector or an inspector enters any unoccupied premises he or she must leave them as effectively secured against unauthorised entry as he or she found them.

Enforcement and offences

10.—(1) The following provisions of the Act apply as if these Regulations were an Order made under the Act —

(a)section 60 (duties and authorities of constables);

(b)section 66 (refusal and obstruction);

(c)section 67 (issue of false licences etc.);

(d)section 68 (issue of licences etc. in blank);

(e)section 71 (other offences as to licences);

(f)section 71A (prosecutions: time limit);

(g)section 73 (general offences);

(h)section 75 (penalties for certain summary offences);

(i)section 77 (money recoverable summarily); and

(j)section 79(1) to (4) (evidence and procedure).

(2) Section 69 of the Act (falsely obtaining licences etc.) applies as if licences under these Regulations were granted under an Order made under the Act.

(3) Where a body corporate is guilty of an offence under these Regulations and that offence is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of, or to have been attributable to any neglect on the part of —

(a)any director, manager, secretary or other similar person of the body corporate, or

(b)any person who was purporting to act in any such capacity,

he or she, as well as the body corporate, is guilty of the offence and liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

(4) For the purposes of paragraph (3), “director” in relation to a body corporate managed by its members, means a member of the body corporate.

(5) The local authority must enforce these Regulations unless directed otherwise by the Assembly Secretary pursuant to paragraph (6).

(6) The Assembly Secretary may direct, in relation to cases of a particular description or a particular case, that any duty imposed on a local authority under paragraph (5) is to be discharged by the Assembly Secretary and not by the local authority.

Powers of inspectors in case of default

11.—(1) If a person fails to comply with a requirement of these Regulations or of a declaration, notice or licence under them, a veterinary inspector or an inspector may take any steps he or she considers necessary to ensure the requirement is met, including —

(a)seizing, detaining or disposing of any bird moved, kept or otherwise dealt with in breach of these Regulations and of any such declaration, notice or licence; and

(b)directing any person to take or refrain from specified action in respect of any place, bird, animal, vehicle, product or other thing.

(2) Any steps taken are without prejudice to proceedings for an offence arising out of the default.

(3) The person in default must reimburse any reasonable expenses incurred by the Assembly Secretary or the local authority in taking such steps and any such reimbursement is recoverable summarily.

Signed on behalf of the National Assembly for Wales under section 66(1) of the Government of Wales Act 1998(8) 28 October 2005 at 17:05

Carwyn Jones

Minister for the Environment, Planning and Countryside

Explanatory Note

(This note is not part of the Regulations)

These Regulations give effect to Commission Decision 2005/734/EC laying down biosecurity measures to reduce the risk of transmission of highly pathogenic avian influenza caused by influenza A virus of subtype H5N1 from birds living in the wild to poultry and other captive birds and providing for an early detection system in areas at particular risk (OJ No L 274, 20.10.2005, p. 105), as amended by Commission Decision 2005/745/EC (OJ No L 279, 22.10.2005, p.79).

These Regulations require the Assembly Secretary to evaluate the risk of the transmission of avian influenza virus and to take appropriate measures to reduce that risk (Regulation 4(1) and (2)).

Regulation 4(2) and (3) provides for the Assembly Secretary to declare avian influenza prevention zones or to serve notices on premises at risk and lists the measures which may be imposed in zones and premises. These include the housing of poultry and the feeding of poultry indoors.

Regulation 5 prohibits the holding of gatherings of birds anywhere in Wales unless they are licensed by the Assembly Secretary after a risk assessment.

Regulation 6(1) requires keepers of 50 or more poultry on commercial poultry premises anywhere in Wales to keep written records of their poultry and of other information, including whether poultry have access to the open air. Regulation 6(2) requires keepers to notify the Assembly Secretary of this information. The date by which they must do this will be specified in further regulations. Regulation 7 allows the Assembly Secretary to require other keepers to provide some or all of this information if he or she considers this necessary.

Regulations 8 and 9 relate to the monitoring of premises and the powers of inspectors appointed by the Assembly Secretary and by local authorities. Regulation 10 provides for provisions in the Animal Health Act 1981 relating to enforcement and offences to apply to these Regulations. Regulation 11 provides default powers for inspectors in case of any breach of the Regulations.

A regulatory appraisal has not been prepared in respect of these Regulations.

(5)

OJ No L 164, 24.6.2005, p.52, as amended by Commission Decision 2005/726/EC (OJ No L 273, 19.10.2005, p.21).

(6)

OJ No L 274, 20.10.2005, p.95.

(7)

OJ No L 274, 20.10.2005, p. 105, as amended by Commission Decision 2005/745/EC (OJ No L 279, 22.10.2005, p.79).

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