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The Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions 2016

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Statutory Instruments

2016 No. 362

Road Traffic

The Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions 2016

Made

16th March 2016

Laid before Parliament

22nd March 2016

Coming into force

22nd April 2016

The Secretary of State makes the Regulations in Part 1 of this Instrument in exercise of the powers conferred by—

(a)sections 25, 28(4)(1) (in relation to England and Wales), 64(1)(2), (2), (3) and (5)(3) and 67(3) of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984(4) (“the 1984 Act”); and

(b)section 36(5)(5) of the Road Traffic Act 1988(6) (“the 1988 Act”).

The Secretary of State gives the General Directions in Part 2 of this Instrument in exercise of the powers conferred by section 65(1)(7) and (1A)(8) and 85(2)(9) of the 1984 Act.

In accordance with article 4 of, and Schedule 3 to, the Scotland Act 1998 (Transfer of Functions to the Scottish Ministers etc.) Order 1999(10), the Secretary of State has consulted with the Scottish Ministers.

In relation to the Regulations in Part 1 of this Instrument, the Secretary of State has, in accordance with section 134(2) of the 1984 Act and section 195(2) of the 1988 Act, consulted with such representative organisations as he thought fit.

PART 1THE TRAFFIC SIGNS REGULATIONS 2016

Citation, commencement and extent

1.—(1) This Part of this Instrument—

(a)may be cited—

(i)as the Traffic Signs Regulations 2016, and

(ii)together with Part 2, as the Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions 2016; and

(b)comes into force on 22nd April 2016.

(2) Subject to paragraph (3), these Regulations extend to the whole of Great Britain.

(3) Provision about the school crossing patrol sign extends only to England and Wales(11).

Interpretation

2.—(1) In these Regulations—

(a)“the 1984 Act” means the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984(12); and

(b)“the 1988 Act” means the Road Traffic Act 1988(13).

(2) Schedule 1 contains other definitions.

Prescription of signs

3.—(1) A traffic sign for conveying a warning, information, requirement, restriction or prohibition of a description specified in these Regulations is of a prescribed size, colour and type if it complies with all applicable requirements provided for in these Regulations.

(2) A school crossing patrol sign is a prescribed sign within the meaning of section 28(4) of the 1984 Act if it complies with all applicable requirements as to size, colour and type provided for in these Regulations.

(3) The Parts of a Schedule specified in column 2 of an item in the table contain provisions about signs of the class specified in column 3 of the item.

(1)

Item

(2)

Schedule

(3)

Purpose of nature of signs

1

Schedule 2

Parts 1 to 7

Signs that warn of hazards and signs for bridges and other structures
2

Schedule 3

Parts 1 to 4

Upright signs that indicate regulatory requirements for moving traffic
3

Schedule 4

Parts 1 to 5

Upright signs that control waiting, loading and parking along a road
4Schedule 5 Parts 1 to 4Signs that indicate parking places and areas subject to parking controls
5

Schedule 6

Parts 1 and 2

Upright signs for red routes
6

Schedule 7

Parts 1 to 6

Road markings and miscellaneous upright signs that indicate stopping, waiting, loading and parking controls
7

Schedule 8

Parts 1 to 4

Signs indicating the entrance to and the end of, a pedestrian, or pedestrian and cycle, zone, and signs for charging schemes
8

Schedule 9

Parts 1 to 8

Regulatory signs at junctions and miscellaneous regulatory signs
9

Schedule 10

Parts 1 to 3

Signs for speed limits
10

Schedule 11

Parts 1 to 6

Signs that give information, are advisory or guide traffic
11

Schedule 12

Parts 1 to 28

Directional signs
12

Schedule 13

Parts 1 to 11

Signs only for use in temporary situations
13

Schedule 14

Parts 1 to 5

Signs for traffic control by light signals, signs for crossings, and signs for lane control
14

Schedule 15

Parts 1 to 4

Matrix signs and light signals for the control of moving traffic on motorways and dual carriageway roads
15

Schedule 16

Parts 1 to 7

Variable message signs

(4) Where in these Regulations provision is made that to convey a warning, information, requirement, restriction or prohibition of a description specified, a sign must comply with certain requirements as to size, colour and type, that provision is without prejudice to different requirements elsewhere in the Regulations in relation to the same description.

Authorisations

4.  Nothing in these Regulations limits a power of the Secretary of State, the Scottish Ministers or the Welsh Ministers to authorise a sign under section 28(4) or 64 of the 1984 Act(14).

Letters, numerals and other characters

5.—(1) This regulation applies to the letters, numerals and other characters used on signs provided for in these Regulations (but not to the extent that more specific provision is made elsewhere in these Regulations for a particular sign).

(2) Paragraphs (3) to (12) apply to letters, numerals and other characters used on signs except those used on road markings and those used in Scottish Gaelic words or phrases.

(3) Paragraphs (4) to (10) are subject to the exception for variable message signs at paragraphs (11) and (12).

(4) On a background which is—

(a)black;

(b)blue;

(c)brown;

(d)dark green;

(e)green; or

(f)red,

letters, numerals and other characters must have the proportions and form, and be of the colour, shown in Part 1 of Schedule 17 (see paragraphs (6) to (8) for exceptions).

(5) On a background which is—

(a)orange;

(b)white; or

(c)yellow,

letters, numerals and other characters must have the proportions and form, and be of the colour, shown in Part 2 of Schedule 17 (see paragraph (10) for an exception).

(6) Paragraphs (7) and (8) apply to the placing of a motorway route number or a compass point directly on the blue background shown at item 1 of the sign table at Part 2 of Schedule 12 (see paragraph (9) for an exception).

(7) Where brackets are not used, the letters, numerals and other characters must have the proportions and form, and be of the colour, shown in Part 3 of Schedule 17.

(8) Where brackets are used the letters, numerals and other characters must have the proportions and form, and be of the colour, shown in either Part 1 or Part 3 of Schedule 17.

(9) An exception to paragraphs (7) and (8) is that where the route number or compass point is part of a legend provided for at item 8 of the sign table in Part 3 of Schedule 12, letters, numerals and other characters must have the proportions and form, and be of the colour, shown in Part 1 of Schedule 17.

(10) When used for indicating a route number or compass point on a sign with a yellow background which is temporarily placed on a motorway, letters, numerals and other characters must have the proportions and form, and be of the colour, shown in Part 4 of Schedule 17.

(11) Paragraph (12) applies to a variable message sign where the construction or method of operation of the sign does not permit the use of letters, numerals and other characters of the proportions and form shown in Part 1, 2, 3 or 4 of Schedule 17.

(12) Letters, numerals and other characters may have the proportions and form shown in Part 5 of Schedule 17 (and be of the colour provided for in Part 1, 2, 3 or 4 as applicable).

(13) Paragraph (14) applies to letters, numerals and other characters incorporated in road markings provided for in these Regulations.

(14) A letter, numeral or other character of a height referred to in column 1 of the table in this paragraph must have the proportions and form, and be of the colour, shown in the Part of Schedule 17 at the column 2 entry applicable to that height.

Height of letters, numerals and other charactersApplicable Part in Schedule 17
from 280 mm to 700 mm (inclusive)Part 6
705 mm, 1035 mm, 1600 mmPart 7
2800 mmPart 8

(15) For the purposes of interpreting Part 7 of Schedule 17 where the road marking is 705 mm or 1035 mm, the reference in the diagram in Part 7 to “1600” is to be read as “705” or “1035” as appropriate and the spaces between the grid lines reduced proportionately.

(16) Letters, numerals and other characters used in Scottish Gaelic words or phrases—

(a)when appearing on a brown or dark green background, must have the proportions and form, and be of the colour, shown in Part 9 of Schedule 17;

(b)when appearing on a white background, must have the proportions and form, and be of the colour, shown in Part 10 of Schedule 17.

(17) In Schedule 17, in Parts 1 to 4, 9 and 10, the height of the rectangular backgrounds on which the letters, numerals and other characters are shown is eight stroke widths.

Expressions of time and distance and for parking restrictions

6.—(1) A reference in these Regulations to the inclusion on a sign of a “time period” means the inclusion of a period of time that complies with the requirements of Part 1 of Schedule 18.

(2) More than one period of time may be included in a sign if appropriate for conveying the meaning of the sign.

(3) A reference in these Regulations to the inclusion on a sign of a “permitted parking expression” means the inclusion of an expression that complies with the requirements of Part 2 of Schedule 18.

(4) An expression of distance on a sign must be in imperial units and comply with the requirements of Part 3 of Schedule 18.

(5) The provisions of this regulation do not apply where more specific provision in relation to a particular sign is made elsewhere in these Regulations.

Dimensions and design of signs

7.—(1) This regulation is about the measurements specified in the Schedules for dimensions of signs, and elements of signs, and about overall design of signs provided for in these Regulations.

(2) All measurements specified in a diagram in the Schedules are in millimetres (“mm”) unless stated otherwise or the context requires otherwise.

(3) If more than one measurement is specified for the same dimension, any of those measurements may be used for that dimension.

(4) If minimum and maximum measurements are specified for a dimension, the dimension used must not be less than the minimum or more than the maximum.

(5) Dimensions chosen for each element of a sign must correspond with one another so that the overall shape and proportions of the sign are, so far as reasonably practicable, as shown in the diagram, or as otherwise provided for, in the Schedules.

(6) The requirement at paragraph (5) does not apply to the signs provided for at—

(a)items 5, 6, and 7 of the sign table in Part 4 of Schedule 7;

(b)items 5, 12 and 13 of the sign table in Part 6 of Schedule 9;

(c)items 23, 25, 27 and 36 of the sign table in Part 4 of Schedule 11; and

(d)items 32, 33, 34, 48, 49, 50, 52, 53, 55, 56 and 57 of the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 14.

(7) Any dimension given in millimetres in respect of a sign, other than a road marking, is to be treated as permitted if it is varied, to be either greater or less than the dimension given, by up to 5 mm.

(8) Paragraph (7) does not permit a dimension to be less than a specified minimum nor more than a specified maximum, except where the dimension relates to the height of letters, numerals or other characters.

(9) Any dimension (not being specified as a maximum or minimum) given for a road marking is to be treated as permitted if it is varied in accordance with the following table.

(1)

Item

(2)

Dimensions shown in road marking diagram

(3)

Permitted variations

13 metres or more

(i) Up to 15% of the dimension where the varied dimension is greater than the specified dimension; or

(ii) Up to 10% of the dimension where the varied dimension is less than the specified dimension

2300 mm or more, but less than 3 metres

(i) Up to 20% of the dimension where the varied dimension is greater than the specified dimension; or

(ii) Up to 10% of the dimension where the varied dimension is less than the specified dimension

3Less than 300 mm

(i) Up to 30% of the dimension where the varied dimension is greater than the specified dimension; or

(ii) Up to 10% of the dimension where the varied dimension is less than the specified dimension

(10) Where a dimension denoting the length or width of a road marking is varied in accordance with paragraph (9), and there is a space between two parts of the marking, the dimensions of that space may be varied as required to accommodate the variation of the length or width of the marking, provided that the character of the marking is maintained.

(11) Where the dimensions of a signal which displays an arrow or symbol are varied in accordance with paragraph (7), the dimensions chosen for the arrow or symbol must maintain the shape and proportions shown in the diagram in which the signal is shown.

(12) Any variation of any angle is to be treated as permitted if the variation does not exceed 5 degrees.

(13) Paragraph (12) does not permit an angle which is less than the minimum, or greater than the maximum, given.

(14) Where—

(a)overall dimensions are given for a sign (other than a road marking); and

(b)the sign displays a legend or symbol which is varied or added in accordance with these Regulations,

the overall dimensions, the number of lines filled by the legend, or both, may be varied so far as necessary to give effect to the variation or addition.

(15) Where these Regulations provide for a sign to be made up of a number of elements (including legends) but do not indicate where those elements are to be placed on the sign, regard is to be had, when deciding where to place those elements, to the purpose of the sign, in particular the nature of the message to be conveyed.

Illumination of upright signs and associated plates

8.—(1) Paragraph (2) applies to an upright sign unless elsewhere in these Regulations in relation to a particular sign—

(a)requirements are imposed as to the illumination of the sign; or

(b)provision is made that the sign need not be illuminated.

(2) The upright sign must be—

(a)illuminated throughout the hours of darkness by internal or external lighting; or

(b)reflectorised.

(3) If provision is made elsewhere in these Regulations that an upright sign need not be illuminated, it may be illuminated in accordance with paragraph (5).

(4) Paragraph (5) also applies to an upright sign which must at certain times be illuminated under these Regulations during those times when it is not required to be illuminated.

(5) The upright sign may be—

(a)illuminated by internal or external lighting; or

(b)reflectorised.

(6) Where these Regulations provide for a choice of methods of illumination for an upright sign (including where at least one method must be used), more than one of those methods may be used.

(7) The same method used to illuminate an upright sign must be used to illuminate an associated plate (and where more than one method is used, all those methods must be used).

(8) The same source of lighting used to illuminate an upright sign may be used to illuminate an associated plate provided it is adequate to do so.

(9) If an upright sign is not illuminated, any associated plate must not be illuminated.

(10) Where retroreflecting material is used on any part of an upright sign or plate, all other parts, other than any parts coloured black, must also be reflectorised.

(11) In paragraph (10) “part” means any part which is uniformly coloured and bounded by differently coloured parts.

Illumination – road markings

9.—(1) A road marking may be reflectorised.

(2) Paragraph (1) is subject to provision made elsewhere in these Regulations in relation to particular types of marking.

Height of road markings and size of studs fitted with reflectors, retroreflecting material or a light source

10.—(1) No road marking may project above the surface of the adjacent carriageway more than 6 mm at any point except where a provision to that effect is made elsewhere in these Regulations.

(2) A depressible stud must not project more than 25 mm above the surface of the carriageway.

(3) A non-depressible stud must not project more than 20 mm above the surface of the carriageway.

(4) Paragraph (5) applies to a stud which, in accordance with these Regulations, is fitted with reflectors, retroreflecting material, a light source or a combination.

(5) The part of a stud which is visible when the stud is in place must have—

(a)an overall length in the direction of travel of traffic of not less than 35 mm and not more than 250 mm; and

(b)an overall width of not less than 84 mm and not more than 190 mm.

Diagram Colours

11.—(1) The colours prescribed for signs must conform to British Standard BS EN 12899-1:2007(15).

(2) Paragraph (1) does not apply—

(a)if alternative provision is made elsewhere in these Regulations in relation to a sign; or

(b)to the extent it is provided that part of a sign may be of any, or any contrasting, colour.

Mutual recognition of standards

12.  Any requirement in these Regulations to comply with a specified British Standard is satisfied by compliance with—

(a)a standard or code of practice of a national standards body or equivalent body of any EEA State,

(b)any international standard recognised for use as a standard or code of practice by any EEA State, or

(c)a technical specification recognised for use as a standard by a public authority of any EEA State,

which requires a level of performance equivalent to that required by the specified British Standard.

Revocations

13.  The Regulations specified in the table in Part 1 of Schedule 19 are revoked.

Transitional and savings provisions

14.—(1) Paragraph (2) applies to a sign—

(a)where the sign is in place immediately before the coming into force of these Regulations; or

(b)where the sign is referred to in paragraph (4) and is placed within a period of 12 weeks beginning with the day on which these Regulations come into force.

(2) A sign to which this paragraph applies and which is of a size, colour and type prescribed, or treated as prescribed, by the Traffic Signs Regulations 2002(16) (“the 2002 Regulations”) is to be treated as being of a size, colour and type prescribed by these Regulations.

(3) A sign shown by diagram 2919.1 is not to be treated as being of a size, colour and type prescribed by these Regulations on or after 30th January 2022(17).

(4) The signs referred to in paragraph (1)(b) are those shown by, or including as an element—

(a)diagram 515.2, 530, 532.2, 532.3, 574, 618.2, 618.3, 618.3A, 618.4, 629, 629.1, 629.2, 780A, 780.1A, 780.2A, 826, 826.1, 864.1 or 953.2;

(b)where the arrow symbols are of the maximum dimension permitted by the 2002 Regulations, diagram 868, 868.1, 872.1, 873, 874 or 875; and

(c)where the lower case letters are of the maximum height permitted by the 2002 Regulations, diagram 876,

or any of those diagrams varied in accordance with the 2002 Regulations.

(5) The Zebra, Pelican and Puffin Pedestrian Crossings Regulations 1997(18) (“the 1997 Regulations”) are to be treated as remaining in force in relation to Pelican crossings (within the meaning of those Regulations) established—

(a)before the coming into force of these Regulations; or

(b)within a period of six months beginning with the day on which these Regulations come into force.

(6) In their application to Pelican crossings for the purposes of paragraph (5), the 1997 Regulations are modified in accordance with paragraphs (7) and (8).

(7) The exceptions to the prohibition imposed by regulation 12(1)(c) and (d) of the 1997 Regulations (about proceeding beyond a stop line when a steady amber or red signal is showing) are those at paragraph 5(4) to (6) of Part 1 of Schedule 14 to this Instrument and not those at regulation 12(1)(e) to (ec) of the 1997 Regulations (with the reference in paragraph 5(4) to the prohibition in sub-paragraph (3) treated as being instead a reference to the prohibition in paragraph (c) or (d) in regulation 12(1)).

(8) The exceptions to the prohibition imposed by regulation 20 of the 1997 Regulations (about stopping in a controlled area) in regulation 21(c) to (e) of those Regulations do not apply and instead the exceptions set out in paragraph 4(2)(d) of Part 5 of Schedule 14 to this Instrument apply.

(9) In this regulation, a reference to a diagram number is to that diagram number in the 2002 Regulations(19).

Provision for review of these Regulations

15.—(1) The Secretary of State must from time to time—

(a)carry out a review of these Regulations;

(b)set out the conclusions of the review in a report; and

(c)publish the report.

(2) The report must in particular—

(a)set out the objectives intended to be achieved by the regulatory system established by these Regulations;

(b)assess the extent to which those objectives are achieved; and

(c)assess whether those objectives remain appropriate and, if so, the extent to which they could be achieved with a system that imposes less regulation.

(3) The first report under this regulation must be published before the end of the period of five years beginning with the day on which these Regulations come into force.

(4) Reports under this regulation are afterwards to be published at intervals not exceeding five years.

PART 2THE TRAFFIC SIGNS GENERAL DIRECTIONS 2016

Citation, commencement and extent

1.—(1) This Part of this Instrument—

(a)may be cited—

(i)as the Traffic Signs General Directions 2016; and

(ii)together with Part 1, as the Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions 2016; and

(b)comes into force on 22nd April 2016.

(2) These General Directions extend to the whole of Great Britain.

Interpretation

2.—(1) In these General Directions, “the Regulations” means the Traffic Signs Regulations 2016.

(2) Other words and expressions used in these General Directions, which are also used in the Regulations, have the same meaning as in the Regulations.

Application of general directions

3.  The general directions in the final Part of each of Schedules 2 to 15 apply to the signs provided for in that Schedule to the extent indicated in the Schedule.

General provision about upright signs and associated plates and structure warning markings

4.—(1) A plate or structure warning marking may only be placed in conjunction with an upright sign with which it is associated.

(2) An upright sign which has an associated plate or structure warning marking may be placed with or without that associated plate or structure warning marking.

(3) Paragraph (2) does not apply in relation to a particular sign to the extent provision is made elsewhere in these General Directions about the placing of the sign with an associated plate or structure warning marking which contradicts paragraph (2).

General provision about placing of signs on vehicles

5.  A sign must not be placed on a vehicle except as expressly authorised by these General Directions.

General provision about the removal of temporary signs

6.—(1) Paragraph (2) applies to a sign placed for conveying to traffic a warning, information, requirement, restriction or prohibition of a temporary nature.

(2) The sign must not remain in place for longer than it is needed.

(3) Paragraph (2) does not apply in relation to a particular sign to the extent provision is made elsewhere in these General Directions about the removal of that sign.

Studs that provide illumination

7.—(1) A stud provided for in the Regulations that incorporates reflectors, retroreflecting material, a light source or any combination may only be placed if it complies with this general direction.

(2) If it incorporates reflectors or retroreflecting material, but no light source, a stud complies with this general direction if it is of a type which meets the applicable requirements and test specifications of the British Standard for retroreflecting studs.

(3) The applicable requirements and test specifications of the British Standard for retroreflecting studs for a type of stud of a description in column 2 of an item in the table are those shown in column 3.

(1)

Item

(2)

Description of stud

(3)

British Standard requirement or test specification and class

1Non depressible road studDimensions : height-class H1 or H2
2Depressible road studDimensions : height-class H1, H2 or H3
3Permanent road studDimensions : maximum horizontal dimension exposed to traffic: HD1
4Temporary road studDimensions : minimum horizontal dimension exposed to traffic: HDT1
5Permanent road studNight-time visibility : photometric requirements - class PRP1
6Temporary road studNight-time visibility : photometric requirements - class PRT1
7Temporary road stud

Daytime visibility : colour of body of stud

-class DCR1 fluorescent green-yellow

-class DV1

8Any studColorimetric requirements-class NCR1 for white, amber, red or green retroreflectors only
9Any studPrimary assessment-class S1
10Any studNight-time visibility assessment-class R1, R2 or R3

(4) The appropriate national authority may approve the placing of a type of stud on a road for the purpose of testing whether that type complies with the applicable requirements and test specifications of the British Standard for retroreflecting studs mentioned in paragraph (3).

(5) A stud which incorporates a light source (whether or not it also incorporates reflectors or retroreflecting material) complies with this general direction if it is of a type which has been approved for use on roads by the appropriate national authority.

(6) Approval under paragraph (4) or (5) must be given by a notice in writing to the supplier of the stud.

(7) The notice may provide that approval is for a specified time period only.

(8) A time period may be varied by a subsequent notice and a subsequent notice may provide for a time period where one has not previously been given.

(9) All studs ceasing to be of an approved type by reason of the expiry of a time period must be removed before the expiry of that period.

(10) In this general direction “national authority”—

(a)in relation to roads in England and Wales, means the Secretary of State; and

(b)in relation to roads in Scotland, means the Scottish Ministers.

(11) An approval having effect immediately before the coming into force of these Regulations that applies in relation to roads in Scotland is to be treated as having been given by the Scottish Ministers in relation to those roads.

Mounting of upright signs

8.—(1) Where an upright sign is mounted on a post or other support specially provided for the purpose, the part of the post or support above the ground must be—

(a)a single colour; or

(b)the natural colour of the post or support,

but paragraphs (2), (3) and (5) provide for exceptions.

(2) Where the post or support is not likely to be readily visible to pedestrians, cyclists or equestrians, a yellow or white band not less than 140 mm nor more than 160 mm deep may be provided on the post with the lower edge of the band being not less than 1500 mm nor more than 1700 mm above ground level.

(3) Where the support provided for a portable upright sign comprises several components, the components need not all be of the same colour provided that each is of a single colour or the natural colour of the component.

(4) Paragraphs (1) to (3) do not apply to the mounting of a particular upright sign to the extent provision is made elsewhere in these General Directions about the post or other support for that sign.

(5) An identification code for maintenance purposes may be indicated, in characters not exceeding 25 mm in height, on a post or support on which an upright sign is mounted.

The backs of, and backing boards for, upright signs

9.—(1) Paragraph (2) applies to—

(a)the back of an upright sign;

(b)the back of any backing board; and

(c)any other fitting provided for the assembly of a sign (including any container enclosing apparatus for the illumination of a sign).

(2) The back or other fitting must be grey, black or in a non-reflective metallic finish.

(3) Paragraphs (4) and (5) are exceptions to paragraph (2).

(4) Information about sites for placing, and the ownership of, the sign, and an identification code for maintenance purposes, may be indicated on the back of the sign in characters not exceeding—

(a)25 mm in height, where they are shown in a contrasting colour; or

(b)50 mm in height, where they are embossed in the same colour.

(5) Information about the manufacture of the sign required in order to comply with—

(a)British Standard BS EN 12899-1:2007(20); or

(b)a corresponding EEA Standard,

occupying an area not exceeding 30 square centimetres, may be indicated on the back of the sign in characters not exceeding 5 mm in height.

(6) The front of any backing board for an upright sign must be coloured either grey or yellow.

(7) If the front of the backing board is coloured yellow it may be—

(a)reflectorised;

(b)fluorescent; or

(c)both reflectorised and fluorescent.

(8) Where the front of the backing board is coloured yellow, the board must be rectangular in shape.

(9) This general direction does not apply to the extent provision is made elsewhere in these General Directions about the backs of, and backing boards for, particular upright signs.

Mutual recognition of standards

10.  Any requirement in these General Directions to comply with a specified British Standard is satisfied by compliance with—

(a)a standard or code of practice of a national standards body or equivalent body of any EEA State,

(b)any international standard recognised for use as a standard or code of practice by any EEA State, or

(c)a technical specification recognised for use as a standard by a public authority of any EEA State,

which requires a level of performance equivalent to that required by the British Standard specified.

Special directions

11.  Nothing in these General Directions limits the power of the Secretary of State, the Scottish Ministers or the Welsh Ministers, by special direction under section 65(2) of the 1984 Act(21), to dispense with, add to or modify any of the requirements of these General Directions in their application to any particular case.

Revocations

12.  The General Directions specified in the table in Part 2 of Schedule 19 are revoked.

Saving

13.—(1) This general direction applies to a sign that is in place immediately before the coming into force of these General Directions which does not, but for this general direction, comply with these General Directions.

(2) For so long as the way in which it is placed would have conformed with the Pelican and Puffin Pedestrian Crossings General Directions 1997(22) or the Traffic Signs General Directions 2002(23), it is to be treated as having been placed in conformity with these General Directions.

Provision for review of these General Directions

14.—(1) The Secretary of State must from time to time—

(a)carry out a review of these General Directions;

(b)set out the conclusions of the review in a report; and

(c)publish the report.

(2) The report must in particular—

(a)set out the objectives intended to be achieved by the regulatory system established by these General Directions;

(b)assess the extent to which those objectives are achieved; and

(c)assess whether those objectives remain appropriate and, if so, the extent to which they could be achieved with a system that imposes less regulation.

(3) The first report under this regulation must be published before the end of the period of five years beginning with the day on which these General Directions come into force.

(4) Reports under this general direction are afterwards to be published at intervals not exceeding five years.

Signed by authority of the Secretary of State

Andrew Jones

Parliamentary Under Secretary of State

Department for Transport

16th March 2016

Regulation 2

SCHEDULE 1Definitions

(1)

Term

(2)

Meaning

“abnormal transport unit”

(a)

a motor vehicle or a vehicle combination—

(i)

the overall length of which, inclusive of the load (if any) on the vehicle or the combination, exceeds 61 feet 6 inches (18.75 metres);

(ii)

the overall width of which, inclusive of the load (if any) on the vehicle or the combination, exceeds 9 feet 6 inches (2.9 metres); or

(iii)

the maximum gross weight of which exceeds 44 tonnes; or

(b)

a motor vehicle, or a vehicle combination, which is incapable of proceeding, or is unlikely to proceed, over a level crossing at a speed exceeding 5 mph

“actively managed hard shoulder”

a hard shoulder along which, by virtue of regulations under section 17(2) and (3) of the 1984 Act(24), vehicular traffic may be driven at times for the time being indicated by signs in accordance with those regulations

“administrative area”

(a)

United Kingdom;

(b)

England;

(c)

Scotland;

(d)

Wales;

(e)

a county or district in England for the purposes of the Local Government Act 1972(25);

(f)

a county or county borough in Wales for the purposes of the Local Government Act 1972;

(g)

a local government area for the purposes of the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994(26);

(h)

a London Borough;

(i)

Greater London;

(j)

the City of London;

(k)

the Isles of Scilly

“all-purpose road”

a road that is not a motorway

“amber light beacon”

a beacon which shows an intermittent amber light and which complies with the beacon requirements

“articulated vehicle”

a motor vehicle with a trailer so attached to it as to be partially superimposed upon it

“backing board”

includes any background (except a wall to which a sign is fixed) against which a sign is displayed

“beacon requirements”

the requirements applying to beacons and which are specified in Part 10 of Schedule 13

“blood and blood components”

have the same meaning as in regulation 1(3) of the Blood Safety and Quality Regulations 2005(27)

“blood service purposes”

the collection or distribution of blood or blood components by NHS Blood and Transplant(28), the Scottish National Blood Transfusion Service(29), the Welsh Blood Service(30) or the Northern Ireland Blood Transfusion Service(31)

“blue light beacon”

a beacon showing an intermittent blue light which complies with the beacon requirements

“breakdown vehicle”

has the same meaning as in regulation 3(2) of the Road Vehicle Lighting Regulations 1989(32)

“British Standard for retroreflecting studs”

British Standard BS EN 1463-1: 2009(33) on retro reflecting road studs when read with British Standard BS EN 1463-2: 2000(34) on road test performance for retroreflecting road studs

“bus”

unless the context requires otherwise—

a motor vehicle constructed or adapted to carry more than 8 passengers (exclusive of the driver); or

a local bus

“bus lane”

a traffic lane reserved for—

(a)

buses; and

(b)

where indicted on a sign, authorised vehicles, pedal cycles, solo motor cycles or taxis

“carriageway”

(a)

in relation to a highway in England or Wales, or a road in Scotland, a way constituting or comprised in the highway or road being a way over which the public has a right of way for the passage of vehicles or class of vehicles, and

(b)

in relation to any other road in England or Wales to which the public has access, that part of the road to which vehicles have access,

but does not include in either case any central reservation

“central reservation”

(a)

any land between the carriageways of a road comprising two carriageways; or

(b)

any permanent work (other than a traffic island) in the carriageway of a road,

which separates the carriageway or, as the case may be, the part of the carriageway, which is to be used by traffic moving in one direction from the carriageway or part of the carriageway which is to be used (whether at all times or at particular times only) by traffic moving in the other direction

“ceremonial area”

(a)

in relation to England, an area that is to be regarded as a county for the purposes of the Lieutenancies Act 1997(35) (“the 1997 Act”) by virtue of paragraph 3 of Schedule 1 to that Act;

(b)

in relation to Wales, a preserved county within the meaning of paragraph 6 of Schedule 1 to the 1997 Act;

(c)

in relation to Scotland, an area for the purposes of the 1997 Act within the meaning of paragraph 7 of Schedule 1 to that Act

“circular sign”

an upright sign which is of a circular shape

“civil emergency”

an emergency within the meaning of section 1 of the Civil Contingencies Act 2004(36) or terrorism within the meaning of section 1 of the Terrorism Act 2000(37)

“civil emergency warning or information”

a warning or information about a civil emergency or the prospect of a civil emergency

“congestion charging zone”

an area in which the roads are designated for the purposes of a scheme for imposing charges in respect of the keeping or use of motor vehicles on roads

“contraflow”

a carriageway, or part of a carriageway, of a road where—

(a)

traffic is authorised to proceed in the opposite direction to the usual direction of traffic on that part; or

(b)

a specified class of traffic is authorised to proceed in the opposite direction to other traffic on that carriageway

“controlled parking zone”

either—

(a)

an area—

(i)

in which every part of every road is subject to a prohibition indicated by single or double yellow lines or single or double yellow kerb markings (except where parking spaces have been provided, where entrance to or exit from the road is made, where there is a prohibition or restriction on waiting, stopping, loading or unloading indicated by a different sign or where there is a crossing) whether or not an upright sign to indicate the same prohibition is placed in conjunction with the line or kerb marking; and

(ii)

into which each entrance for vehicular traffic has been indicated by the sign provided for at item 1 or 3 of the sign table in Part 3 of Schedule 5; or

(b)

an area—

(i)

in which at least one sign provided for at item 3 of the sign table in Part 3 of Schedule 4 has been placed on each side of every road; and

(ii)

in which each entrance for vehicular traffic has been indicated by a sign provided for at item 4 of the sign table in Part 3 of Schedule 5

“corresponding EEA standard”

a standard, code of practice or technical specification of a kind referred to in regulation 12 which requires a level of performance equivalent to that required by a British Standard

“cycle lane”

part of a carriageway of a road reserved for pedal cycles which is separated from the rest of the carriageway—

(a)

if it may not be used by vehicles other than pedal cycles, by the marking provided for at item 7 of the sign table in Part 6 of Schedule 9;

(b)

if it may be used by vehicles other than pedal cycles when clear of pedal cycles, by the marking provided for at item 2 or 3 of the sign table in Part 4 of Schedule 11

“cycle track”

(a)

in relation to England and Wales, has the same meaning as in section 329(1) of the Highways Act 1980(38);

(b)

in relation to Scotland, has the same meaning as in section 151(2)(b) of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984(39)

“depressible stud”

a stud fitted in such a way that the height by which it, or part of it, projects above the surface of the adjacent carriageway is reduced when pressure is applied from above

“designated lane”

a traffic lane reserved, by an order under section 1, 6, 9, 14, 16A or 19 of the 1984 Act(40) (traffic regulation orders and orders similar to traffic regulation orders), for use by such class of vehicular traffic as is, by the order, specified for the purpose of that reservation

“disabled badge holder symbol”

refers to this symbol:

“double red lines”

the road marking provided for at item 11 of the sign table in Part 4 of Schedule 7

“double yellow kerb marking”

the road marking provided for at item 3 of the sign table in Part 4 of Schedule 7

“double yellow lines”

the road marking provided for at item 1 of the sign table in Part 4 of Schedule 7

“driver”

(a)

in relation to a vehicle which is a motor cycle or pedal cycle, the person riding the vehicle who is, or is purporting to be, in control of it; and

(b)

in relation to an abnormal transport unit—

(i)

where that unit is a single motor vehicle the driver of that vehicle; or

(ii)

where that unit is a vehicle combination, the driver of the only or the foremost motor vehicle forming part of that combination

“dual carriageway road”

a road which comprises a central reservation and “all-purpose dual carriageway road” means a dual carriageway road which is not a motorway

“emergency vehicle”

has the same meaning as in regulation 3(2) of the Road Vehicle Lighting Regulations 1989

“equestrian crossing”

a place on the carriageway of a road—

(a)

at which provision is made for equestrian traffic to cross the carriageway; and

(b)

the presence of which is indicated by a combination of—

(i)

the traffic light signals provided for at item 1, 3 or 4 of the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 14;

(ii)

the signals provided for at—

(aa)

items 15 and 16 of that table; or

(bb)

the signal provided for at item 17 (whether or not placed with the signal provided for at item 18); and

(iii)

the road marking provided for at item 55 or 56

“excursion or tour”

has the meaning given in section 137(1) of the Transport Act 1985(41)

“fire and rescue authority”

is to be construed in accordance with section 1 of the Fire and Rescue Services Act 2004(42)

“fluorescent green-yellow”

has the same meaning as in the British Standard for retroreflecting studs

“General Directions”

the Traffic Signs General Directions 2016(43)

“give way sign”

the upright sign provided for at item 2 in the Part 2 sign table in Schedule 9

“goods vehicle”

a motor vehicle or trailer constructed or adapted for use for the carriage or haulage of goods or burden of any description (and a reference in a diagram to “t” is to the maximum gross weight in tonnes)

“hard shoulder”

in relation to a motorway in England and Wales, has the meaning given by regulation 3(1)(e) of the Motorways Traffic (England and Wales) Regulations 1982(44) and, in relation to a motorway in Scotland, regulation 2(1) of the Motorways Traffic (Scotland) Regulations 1995(45)

“historic county area”

an area that at the time of the placing of the sign in question is not, but was, a county

“hours of darkness”

the time between half an hour after sunset and half an hour before sunrise

“junction”

a road junction

“layout or character”

in relation to a road, means the layout or character of the road itself and does not include the layout or character of any land or premises adjacent to the road

“leisure facility”

(a)

those facilities of a description in column 2 of—

(i)

items 4 to 12 in Part 14 of Schedule 12;

(ii)

items 4, 12, 18, 34 to 38, 43, 44, 60, 63, 64 and 67 of Part 15 of Schedule 12;

(iii)

item 4 of Part 16 of Schedule 12;

(iv)

item 4 of Part 18 of Schedule 12;

(b)

a tourist hostel

“level crossing”

a place where a road is crossed by a railway or tramway on a reserved track on the same level

“local”

when shown on a bus symbol, indicates that the road or the traffic lane on or near which the sign has been placed must be used only by local buses.

“local bus”

a public service vehicle used for the provision of a local service not being an excursion or tour

“local service”

has the meaning given in section 2 of the Transport Act 1985

“major road”

the road at a junction into which there emerges vehicular traffic from a minor road

“matrix sign”

a light signal for conveying information or a warning, requirement, restriction, prohibition or speed limit to traffic on a motorway, or an all-purpose dual carriageway road

“maximum gross weight”

(a)

in the case of a motor vehicle not drawing a trailer or in the case of a trailer, its maximum laden weight;

(b)

in the case of an articulated vehicle, its maximum laden weight (if it has one) and otherwise the aggregate maximum laden weight of all the individual vehicles forming part of that articulated vehicle;

(c)

in the case of a motor vehicle (other than an articulated vehicle) drawing one or more trailers, the aggregate maximum laden weight of the motor vehicle and the trailer or trailers drawn by it

“maximum laden weight”

in relation to a vehicle (including a vehicle which is a trailer) means—

(a)

in the case of a vehicle as respects which a gross weight not to be exceeded in Great Britain is specified in construction and use requirements (as defined by section 41(7) of the Road Traffic Act 1988(46)), the weight so specified;

(b)

in the case of a vehicle as respects which no such weight is so specified, the weight which the vehicle is designed or adapted not to exceed when in normal use and travelling on a road laden;

“maximum speed limit sign”

the sign provided for at item 1 of the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 10

“method of illumination”

is a reference to illumination by internal or external lighting or reflectorisation

“minor road”

a road on which, at its junction with another road, there is placed the sign at item 1 or 2 of the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 9 or the road marking at item 3 of the sign table in Part 6 of that Schedule

“minor route”

a road which, under the system for assigning identification numbers to roads administered by the Secretary of State, Scottish Ministers or Welsh Ministers, has not been assigned a number prefixed by A, B or M

“mobile road works”

road works carried out by or from a vehicle or vehicles which move slowly along the road or which stop briefly from time to time along that road

“motorway”

a special road which—

(a)

in England and Wales (except if otherwise provided by or under regulations made under, or having effect as if made under, section 17 of the 1984 Act(47)), can be used by traffic only of Class I or Class II as specified in Schedule 4 to the Highways Act 1980(48);

(b)

in Scotland, can be used by traffic only of Class I or Class II as specified in Schedule 3 to the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984(49)

“mph”

miles per hour

“national promoter of tourism”

(a)

in relation to England, the British Tourist Authority(50);

(b)

in relation to Scotland, VisitScotland(51); and

(c)

in relation to Wales, Welsh Ministers(52)

“national speed limit”

any prohibition imposed on a road by the 70 miles per hour, 60 miles per hour and 50 miles per hour (Temporary Speed Limit) Order 1977(53) or by regulation 3 of the Motorways Traffic (Speed Limits) Regulations 1974(54)

“NHS ambulance service”

(a)

an NHS trust or NHS foundation trust established under the National Health Service Act 2006(55) which has a function of providing ambulance services;

(b)

an NHS trust established under the National Health Service (Wales) Act 2006(56) which has a function of providing ambulance services;

(c)

the Scottish Ambulance Service Board

“non-primary route”

a route, not being a primary route or a motorway or part of a primary route or of a motorway

“panel”

a rectangular or square part of a sign which is distinguishable from the other part or parts of the sign by being of a contrasting colour or having a border of a contrasting colour

“Parallel controlled area”

a length of carriageway—

(a)

which—

(i)

is adjacent to a Parallel crossing; and

(ii)

in the manner shown in the diagram at item 53 of the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 14, has a zig-zag line, of the type provided for at that item, marked along each of its edges (with or without zig-zag lines also marked down its centre) and give way markings, of the type provided for at item 54 of that table, marked parallel to the crossing; and

(b)

in or near which no other signs or markings have been placed except ones—

(i)

comprised in the combination of signs and markings indicating the presence of the facility for crossing; or

(ii)

provided for at item—

(aa)

3, 7, 8 or 10 in the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 3;

(bb)

2 or 73 in the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 11; or

(cc)

18, 28 or 33 in the sign table in Part 4 of Schedule 11

“Parallel crossing”

a place on the carriageway—

(a)

where provision is made for pedestrians and cyclists to cross the carriageway;

(b)

the presence of which is indicated by—

(i)

a yellow globe of the type provided for at item 27 of the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 14 at each end of the crossing (except that globes need not be present at a crossing that only crosses a cycle track);

(ii)

in respect of the part of the crossing for pedestrians, the black and white stripes shown in the diagram at item 53 and in respect of which provision is made at paragraph 18 of Part 1 of that Schedule (including provision for the black stripes to be a different colour); and

(iii)

in respect of the part of the crossing for cyclists, the markings provided for at item 57 together with, where used, the cycle symbols shown in the diagram at item 53 of that sign table; and

(c)

the limits of which are indicated—

(i)

in so far as they relate to the part for pedestrians, the stripes; and

(ii)

in so far as they relate to the part for cyclists, the marking at item 57

“parking place identifier”

any symbol, logo, letter, numeral or name (or combination) of any size in a colour that contrasts with the background on which they are placed, whether or not placed on a patch which may be of any colour, which indicates or identifies an area or location in which restrictions on the parking of vehicles apply by reference to a particular parking place or group of parking places

“pedal cycle”

a unicycle, bicycle, tricycle or cycle having four or more wheels, not being in any case mechanically propelled unless it is an electrically assisted pedal cycle that is not treated as a motor vehicle for the purposes of the 1984 Act(57)

“pedestrian zone”

an area—

(a)

which has been laid out to improve amenity for pedestrians; and

(b)

to which the entry of vehicles is prohibited or restricted

“pedestrian and cycle zone”

an area—

(a)

which has been laid out to improve amenity for pedestrians and cyclists; and

(b)

to which the entry of vehicles, except pedal cycles, is prohibited or restricted

“permit identifier”

any upper case letter or letters, with or without a number, whether or not placed on a patch which may be of any colour, where the letter and, as the case may be, number are of any size, in a colour that contrasts with the background on which they are placed and indicate a type of permit

“permit parking area”

an area—

(a)

into which each entrance for vehicular traffic has been indicated by the sign provided for at item 5 of the sign table in Part 3 of Schedule 5; and

(b)

where any parking place within that area reserved for the use of the permit holders as indicated on that sign is not shown by markings on the road (whether or not an upright sign is placed next to, or near, such a parking place to indicate that only the permit holders in question may use the place)

“plate”

a sign which may or must (as indicated in the General Directions) be used to supplement or qualify the message conveyed by an upright sign. And an “associated plate” refers to a plate which supplements or qualifies a particular upright sign

“police vehicle”

a vehicle being used for police purposes or operating under the instructions of a chief officer of police

“portable signal controlled pedestrian facility”

a place on the carriageway—

(a)

which is not a section 25 crossing;

(b)

where temporary provision is made for pedestrians to cross the carriageway;

(c)

the presence of which is indicated by the signs provided for in the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 14 at item 2, item 60 and —

(i)

item 9 (with or without item 10) and either item 11 or 12; or

(ii)

item 13; and

(d)

the presence of which may in addition be indicated by—

(i)

either or both of the road markings provided for at item 46 (stop line) and 55 (crossing marking) of the table; and

(ii)

where—

(aa)

all streams of vehicular traffic are stopped only for the purpose of enabling pedestrians to cross the carriageway; and

(bb)

both the stop line and crossing markings provided for at items 46 and 55 respectively are also placed,

the road marking provided for at item 51 of the table

“primary route”

a route, not being a route comprising any part of a motorway, in relation to which a determination has been made that it provides the most satisfactory route for through traffic between places of traffic importance under the administrative system for so determining that is the responsibility of the Secretary of State, Scottish Ministers or Welsh Ministers in England, Scotland and Wales respectively

“principal road”

(a)

in England and Wales, a road classified as a principal road in accordance with section 12 of the Highways Act 1980(58) (whether as falling within subsection (1) or classified under subsection (3));

(b)

in Scotland, a road classified as a principal road in accordance with section 11(1) of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984(59)

“Puffin controlled area”

a length of carriageway—

(a)

which is adjacent to a Puffin crossing, has a zig-zag line marked along each of its edges (with or without zig-zag lines also marked down its centre) and is shown by the markings in the diagram at item 51 of the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 14 and stop line markings, of the type provided for at item 46 or 49 of that table, marked parallel to the crossing; and

(b)

in or near which no other signs or markings have been placed except ones—

(i)

comprised in the combination of signs and markings indicating the presence of the facility for crossing; or

(ii)

provided for at item—

(aa)

3, 7, 8 or 10 in the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 3;

(bb)

2 or 73 in the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 11; or

(cc)

18, 28 or 33 in the sign table in Part 4 of Schedule 11

“Puffin crossing”

a section 25 crossing—

(a)

where provision is made for pedestrians to cross the carriageway; and

(b)

the presence of which is indicated by a combination of—

(i)

the traffic light signals provided for at item 1, 3 or 4 of the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 14;

(ii)

the nearside light signals provided for at item 13 (whether or not used with the supplementary nearside signals provided for at item 14) of that table; and

(iii)

the crossing marking provided for at item 55 of that table

“red route”

a road in respect of which the prohibition indicated by single or double red lines has been imposed by an order or notice under the 1984 Act (subject to such exceptions as are provided for by such an order or notice).

This definition does not apply when “red route” is used in the phrase “red route clearway”

“red route clearway”

a road in respect of which the prohibition indicated by the sign provided for at item 8 of the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 7 has been imposed by an order or notice under the 1984 Act (subject to such exceptions as are provided for by such an order or notice)

“reflectorised”

illuminated by the use of retroreflecting material (and “reflectorisation” is to be construed accordingly)

“retroreflecting material”

material which reflects a ray of light back towards the source of that light

“refuge for pedestrians”

a part of a road to which vehicles do not have access and on which pedestrians may wait after crossing one part of the carriageway and before crossing the other

“restricted parking zone”

an area—

(a)

into which each entrance for vehicular traffic has been indicated by a sign which includes the symbol and legend at item 2 of the sign table in Part 3 of Schedule 5; and

(b)

in which none of the road markings at items 1 to 4 of the sign table in Part 4 of Schedule 7 has been placed

“road maintenance vehicle”

a vehicle which is specially designed or adapted for use on a road by or on behalf of a traffic authority for the purposes of road maintenance

“road marking”

a sign consisting of a line, mark or legend on a road

“road works”

works for the improvement, alteration or maintenance of a road and includes—

(a)

in relation to England and Wales, street works as defined by section 48(3) of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991(60);

(b)

in relation to Scotland, road works as defined by section 107(3) of that Act

“Schedule [x] General Direction”

where [x] is replaced by a number, is a reference to a general direction that, pursuant to general direction 3 in Part 2 of this Instrument, is contained in the Schedule bearing that number

“school crossing patrol sign”

a sign exhibited by a school crossing patrol for the purpose of stopping a vehicle in accordance with section 28(1) of the 1984 Act and provided for at item 24 of the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 14

“school crossing place”

a place in a road where children cross or seek to cross that road on their way to or from school or on their way from one part of a school to another

“section 25 crossing”

a Puffin crossing or a Zebra crossing

“section 25 crossing controlled area”

a Puffin-controlled area or a Zebra-controlled area

“sign”

a traffic sign or a school crossing patrol sign

“sign table”

a table in Schedules 2 to 15 that is headed “Sign table” (followed by the Schedule and Part in which the table appears)

“signal-controlled crossing facility”

an equestrian crossing, a signal-controlled pedestrian facility or a Toucan crossing

“signal-controlled crossing facility controlled area”

a length of carriageway—

(a)

which is adjacent to a signal-controlled crossing facility and has a zig-zag line marked along each of its edges (with or without zig-zag lines also marked down its centre) and is shown by the markings in the diagram at item 51 of the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 14 and stop line markings, of the type provided for at item 46 or 49 of that table, marked parallel to the crossing; and

(b)

in or near which no other signs or markings have been placed except ones—

(i)

comprised in the combination of signs and markings indicating the presence of the facility for crossing; or

(ii)

provided for at item—

(aa)

3, 7, 8 or 10 in the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 3;

(bb)

2 or 73 in the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 11; or

(cc)

18, 28 or 33 in the sign table in Part 4 of Schedule 11

“signal-controlled pedestrian facility”

a place on the carriageway of a road—

(a)

which is not a section 25 crossing;

(b)

where provision is made for pedestrians to cross the carriageway; and

(c)

the presence of which is indicated by a combination of—

(i)

the traffic light signals provided for at item 1, 3 or 4 of the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 14;

(ii)

the sign provided for at—

(aa)

item 9 (with or without item 10) and either item 11 or 12 of the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 14; or

(bb)

item 13 of the table (whether or not placed with the signal provided for at item 14); and

(iii)

the road marking provided for at item 55 or 56 of the table

“single red line”

the road marking provided for at item 12 of the sign table in Part 4 of Schedule 7

“single yellow kerb marking”

the road marking provided for at item 4 of the sign table in Part 4 of Schedule 7

“single yellow line”

the road marking provided for at item 2 of the sign table in Part 4 of Schedule 7

“solo motor cycle”

a motor cycle without a side car

“special forces purposes”

the use of a vehicle for naval, military or air force purposes where—

(a)

the person driving the vehicle is a member of a unit of the armed forces of the Crown the maintenance of whose capabilities is the responsibility of the Director of Special Forces or which is for the time being subject to the operational command of that Director; and

(b)

the vehicle is being driven—

(i)

in response, or for practice in responding to, a national security emergency by a person who has been trained in driving vehicles at high speeds; or

(ii)

for the purpose of training a person in driving vehicles at high speeds

“speed limit”

a maximum or minimum limit of speed on the driving of vehicles on a road—

(a)

imposed by an order under section 14 of the 1984 Act(61) (temporary prohibition or restriction of traffic on roads);

(b)

imposed by an order under section 16A of the 1984 Act(62) (special events);

(c)

imposed by regulations under section 17 of the 1984 Act(63) (traffic regulation on special roads);

(d)

arising by virtue of the road being restricted for the purposes of section 81 of the 1984 Act (general speed limit for restricted roads);

(e)

imposed by an order under section 84 of the 1984 Act(64) (speed limits on roads other than restricted roads);

(f)

imposed by an order under section 88 of the 1984 Act(65) (temporary speed limits); or

(g)

imposed by or under a local Act,

and “maximum speed limit” and “minimum speed limit” are to be construed accordingly

“stop line”

has the meaning given in paragraph 30 of Part 1 of Schedule 14

“stop sign”

the upright sign provided for at item 1 in the Part 2 sign table in Schedule 9

“the stopping prohibited symbol”

refers to this symbol:

“stroke width”

25% of the x-height

“structure warning marking”

the markings provided for at items 3 and 4 of the sign table in Part 5 of Schedule 2 which may be used to supplement a triangular or circular sign and in the phrase “associated structure warning marking”, “associated” refers to the marking in question being supplementary to a particular triangular or circular sign

“stud”

a prefabricated device fixed or embedded in the carriageway of a road

“system of street-lighting”

the presence on a road of at least three lamps, lit by electricity, provided for the purposes of illuminating the road, and placed no more than—

(a)

183 metres apart in England and Wales, or

(b)

185 metres apart in Scotland

“taxi”

(a)

in England and Wales, a vehicle licensed under—

(i)

section 37 of the Town Police Clauses Act 1847(66); or

(ii)

section 6 of the Metropolitan Public Carriage Act 1869(67);

or under any similar enactment;

(b)

in Scotland, a taxi licensed under section 10 of the Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982(68)

“taxi rank”

an area of carriageway reserved for use by taxis waiting to pick up passengers

“temporary hazard warning”

a warning about, or information on how to avoid, any temporary hazards caused by—

(a)

works being executed on or near a road;

(b)

adverse weather conditions or other natural causes;

(c)

the failure of street-lighting or malfunction of, or damage to, any other apparatus, equipment or facility used in connection with the road or anything situated on or near or under it; or

(d)

damage to the road itself

“temporary information”

(a)

information about—

(i)

the time, date or location of road works;

(ii)

the expected delay that road works may cause;

(iii)

convenient routes to be followed on the occasion of a sporting event, an exhibition or any other public gathering which is likely to attract a large volume of traffic;

(iv)

diversions or alternative routes;

(v)

check points at which drivers of goods vehicles or public service vehicles may be required to stop;

(vi)

the availability of new routes or destinations; or

(vii)

changes in route numbers;

(b)

information for drivers of wide loads about action to be taken in respect of road works ahead; or

(c)

requests by the police for information in connection with road traffic accidents

“temporary statutory provision”

(a)

a provision having effect under section 9 or section 14 of the 1984 Act or under a provision referred to in section 66 of that Act(69);

(b)

a prohibition, restriction or requirement indicated by a sign placed pursuant to section 67 of the 1984 Act(70); or

(c)

a provision having effect under section 62 of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984(71)

“terminal sign”

a sign placed to indicate the point at which a requirement, restriction or prohibition begins or ends

“Toucan crossing”

a place on the carriageway of a road—

(a)

where provision is made for both pedestrians and pedal cyclists to cross the carriageway; and

(b)

the presence of which is indicated by a combination of—

(i)

the traffic light signals provided for at item 1, 3 or 4 of the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 14;

(aa)

the signals provided for at item 19 (with or without item 10) and either item 12 or 20 of the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 14; or

(bb)

the signal provided for at item 21 of that table (whether or not placed with the signal provided for at item 22 of the table); and

(iii)

the road marking provided for at item 55 or 56 of the table

“tourist destination”

(a)

a Tourist Information Centre or Point;

(b)

a permanently established attraction or facility (other than a leisure facility) which—

(i)

attracts or is used by visitors to an area;

(ii)

is open to the public without prior booking during its normal opening hours; and

(iii)

is recognised as a tourist attraction or facility by the appropriate national promoter of tourism;

(c)

a village, town or city that is of particular interest to tourists;

(d)

a route that is of particular interest to tourists

“Tourist Information Centre”

a staffed information service centre recognised and supported by the appropriate national promoter of tourism

“Tourist Information Point”

a display of tourist information approved by the appropriate national promoter of tourism or another person or body responsible for promoting tourism for a particular village, town or other area of England, Wales or Scotland

“traffic lane”

a part of the carriageway intended for use by vehicles travelling in a particular direction or reserved for use by vehicles of a particular type and separated from other parts of the carriageway by road markings

“traffic light signals”

the light signals provided for at items 1 to 4 of the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 14

“traffic officer”

has the meaning given in section 100(5) of the 1984 Act(72)

“tramcar”

has the meaning given in section 141A(4) of the 1984 Act(73)

“triangular sign”

an upright sign which is of a triangular shape

“trolley vehicle”

has the meaning given in section 141A(4) of the 1984 Act

“trunk road”

has the meaning given—

(a)

as respects England and Wales, in section 329(1) of the Highways Act 1980(74);

(b)

as respects Scotland, in section 151(1) of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984(75);

“tunnel restriction code”

any of the codes specified in Chapter 1.9 of Part 1 of Annex A to the European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR) as applicable from 1st January 2015(76)

“upright sign”

a traffic sign other than a plate, a structure warning marking, a road marking or light signals

“variable message sign”

a device which complies with the requirements of Part 1 of Schedule 16 and is capable of displaying, at different times, two or more of the following—

(a)

a sign provided for in Schedule 2 to 13 or 15;

(b)

a legend provided for in Schedule 16; and

(c)

a blank grey or a blank black face.

“vehicle combination”

a combination of vehicles made up of one or more motor vehicles and one or more trailers all of which are linked together when travelling

“with-flow”

indicates that the bus or cycle lane in question is for the use of traffic of a type permitted to use that lane proceeding in the same direction as general traffic in an adjoining traffic lane

“x-height”

the height of the lower case “x” in Parts 1 and 2 of Schedule 17

“Zebra controlled area”

a length of carriageway—

(a)

which—

(i)

is adjacent to a Zebra crossing; and

(ii)

in the manner shown in the diagram at item 52 of the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 14, has a zig-zag line, of the type provided for at that item, marked along each of its edges (with or without zig-zag lines also marked down its centre) and give way markings, of the type provided for at item 54 of that table, marked parallel to the crossing; and

(b)

in or near which no other signs or markings have been placed except ones—

(i)

comprised in the combination of signs and markings indicating the presence of the facility for crossing; or

(ii)

provided for at item—

(aa)

3, 7, 8 or 10 in the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 3;

(bb)

2 or 73 in the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 11; or

(cc)

18, 28 or 33 in the sign table in Part 4 of Schedule 11

“Zebra crossing”

a place on the carriageway—

(a)

where provision is made for pedestrians to cross the carriageway;

(b)

the presence of which is indicated by—

(i)

a yellow globe of the type provided for at item 27 of the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 14 at each end of the crossing (except that globes need not be present at a crossing that only crosses a cycle track);

(ii)

the black and white stripes shown in the diagram at item 52 of that table and in respect of which provision is made at paragraph 18 of Part 1 of that Schedule (including provision for the black stripes to be a different colour); and

(iii)

where used, the marking provided for at item 55 of that table; and

(c)

the limits of which are indicated by the stripes except that, where used, the limit is indicated by the marking at item 55

“zone identifier”

any symbol, logo, letter, numeral or name (or combination) of any size in a colour that contrasts with the background on which they are placed, whether or not placed on a patch which may be of any colour, which indicates or identifies an area or location in which restrictions on the parking of vehicles apply by reference to that area or location

Regulation 3, Direction 3

SCHEDULE 2Signs that warn of hazards and signs for bridges and other structures

PART 1Provisions applying to signs and plates in Parts 2 and 3

1.  A warning of a description in column 2 of an item in the sign table in Part 2 must be conveyed by a triangular sign which is of—

(a)the colour and type provided for in the diagram in column 3; and

(b)the size shown for a sign in the diagram above the table.

2.  A warning or information in column 4 of an item in the sign table in Part 2 is for supplementing the warning in column 2 and is to be conveyed by a plate (“a first associated plate”) which—

(a)includes the legend indicated in column 4 in a manner which complies with the requirements as to size provided for in respect of a plate in the diagram above the sign table in Part 2; and

(b)is of the colour and type provided for in that diagram.

3.  Where a number is mentioned in column 5 of the sign table in Part 2, the plate provided for at that item number in the sign table in Part 3 (a “supplementary associated plate”) is an associated plate of the triangular sign in question.

4.  A provision of Part 7 mentioned (by reference to paragraph number) in column 6 of the sign table in Part 2 applies in relation to the triangular sign in question.

5.  A Schedule 2 General Direction mentioned (by reference to paragraph number) in column 7 of the sign table in Part 2 applies in relation to the triangular sign in question.

PART 2Warning signs and associated plates

Sign table — Schedule 2, Part 2

(1)

Item

(2)

Description

(3)

Diagram

(4)

First associated plate legend

(5)

Supplementary associated plate (by reference to Part 3 sign table item number)

(6)

Applicable provisions in Part 7

(7)

Schedule 2 General Directions

1

Diagram 504.1

Crossroads ahead

(Alternative types)

A distance13
2

Diagram 505.1

T-junction ahead

(Alternative types)

A distance13
3

Diagram 506.1

Side road ahead

(Alternative types)

A distance13
4

Diagram 507.1

Staggered junction ahead

(Alternative types)

A distance13
5

Diagram 508.1

Traffic merges

ahead from left

A distance
6

Diagram 509.1

Traffic merges

ahead onto main

carriageway

A distance
7

Diagram 510

Roundabout ahead

1. A distance; or

2. “Adverse camber”

1 or 4 (or both)3
8

Diagram 512

Bend ahead

(Alternative types)

1. “Adverse camber”;

2. “Keep in low gear”; or

3. “Oncoming vehicles in middle of road”

1, 2 or 4 (or any combination)3
9

Diagram 512.1

Junction on the

outside of a bend

ahead

(Alternative types)

1. “Adverse camber”;

2. “Keep in low gear”; or

3. “Oncoming vehicles in middle of road”

1, 2 or 4 (or any combination)3
10

Diagram 512.2

Junction on the

inside of a bend ahead

(Alternative types)

1. “Adverse camber”;

2. “Keep in low gear”; or

3. “Oncoming vehicles in middle of road”

1, 2 or 4 (or any combination)3
11

Diagram 512.3

Crossroads on a

bend ahead

(Alternative types)

1. “Adverse camber”;

2. “Keep in low gear”; or

3. “Oncoming vehicles in middle of road”

1, 2 or 4 (or any combination)3
12

Diagram 513

Double bend or

series of bends

ahead (Alternative

types)

1. “For” and a distance;

2. “Adverse camber”;

3. “Keep in low gear”; or

4. “Oncoming vehicles in middle of road”

1, 2 or 4 (or any combination)3
13

Diagram 516

Road narrows on

both sides ahead

1. A distance;

2. “Single file traffic” with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

3. “Single file traffic” and a distance, with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

4. “Single file traffic for” and a distance;

5. “Single track road” with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

6. “Single track road” or “Single track road for” and a distance, with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

7. “Oncoming vehicles in middle of road”

1
14

Diagram 517

Road narrows on

one side ahead

(Alternative types)

1. A distance;

2. “Single file traffic” with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

3. “Single file traffic” and a distance, with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

4. “Single file traffic for” and a distance;

5. “Single track road” with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

6. “Single track road” or “Single track road for” and a distance, with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

7. “Oncoming vehicles in middle of road”

1
15

Diagram 520

Dual carriageway

road ends ahead

1. A distance;

2. “Single file traffic”, with or without a distance; or

3. “Single file traffic for” and a distance

1
16

Diagram 521

Two-way traffic

ahead

1. A distance; or

2. “For” and a distance

17

Diagram 522

Two-way traffic

on route crossing

ahead

A distance
18

Diagram 523.1

Steep hill

downwards ahead

1. A distance with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

2. “For” and a distance ;

3. An arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

4. “Low gear now”;

5. “Keep in low gear”; or

6. “Low gear for” and a distance

1

or (when used with a first plate containing legend 4 or 5): 3, or both 1 and 3

12
19

Diagram 524.1

Steep hill upwards

ahead

1. A distance with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

2. “For” and a distance;

3. An arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

4. “Low gear now”;

5. “Keep in low gear”; or

6. “Low gear for” and a distance

112
20

Diagram 528

Hump bridge

ahead

1. A distance with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

2. An arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

3. “Oncoming vehicles in middle of road”

1
21

Diagram 529

Opening or swing

bridge ahead

1. A distance with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

2. An arrow pointing to the left or to the right

22

Diagram 529.1

Tunnel ahead

1. A distance with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

2. An arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

3. “Oncoming vehicles in middle of road”

23

Diagram 544.1

Pedestrians in

road ahead

1. A distance with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

2. An arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

3. “No footway for” and a distance

24

Diagram 544.2

Frail or disabled

pedestrians likely

to cross road

ahead

1. A distance with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

2. An arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

3. “Disabled people” or “Blind people” with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

4. “Disabled people” or “Blind people” and a distance, with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right

25

Diagram 545

Children going to

or from school or

playground ahead

1. “School”, “Patrol”, “Playground”, “Disabled children”, “Blind children” or “Deaf children” with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

2. “School”, “Patrol”, “Playground”, “Disabled children”, “Blind children” or “Deaf children” and a distance with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

3 “No footway for” and a distance

1
26

Diagram 950

Cycle route ahead

(Alternative types)

1. A distance with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

2. An arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

3. “Cycle crossing” or “Cycles crossing” with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

4. “Cycle crossing” or “Cycles crossing” and a distance with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right

27

Diagram 548

Cattle likely to be

in road ahead

“For” and a distance
28

Diagram 549

Sheep likely to be

in road ahead

“For” and a distance
29

Diagram 550

Wild horses or

ponies likely to be

in road ahead

“For” and a distance
30

Diagram 550.1

Accompanied

horses or ponies

likely to be in

road ahead

1. A distance with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

2. An arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

3. “For” and a distance

31

Diagram 550.2

Horse drawn

vehicles likely to

be in road ahead

“For” and a distance
32

Diagram 551

Wild animals

likely to be in

road ahead

“For” and a distance
33

Diagram 551.2

Wild fowl likely

to be in road

ahead

“For” and a distance
34

Diagram 553.1

Agricultural

vehicles likely to

be in road ahead

1. “Farm traffic”, “Wide vehicles” or “Tractors turning”; or

2. “Farm traffic for”, “Wide vehicles for” or “Tractors turning for” and a distance

1
35

Diagram 552

Cattle grid ahead

1. A distance with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

2. An arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

3. “Horse drawn vehicles and animals” and an arrow pointing to the left or to the right

36

Diagram 554B

Gate ahead

1. A distance with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

2. An arrow pointing to the left or to the right

37

Diagram 554C

Gates ahead

1. “For” and a distance, with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

2. An arrow pointing to the left or to the right

38

Diagram 554

Ford ahead

1. A distance with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

2. An arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

3. “Road liable to flooding” with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right

39

Diagram 554.1

Risk of brake

failure ahead

(after passing a

ford or before

descending a steep

gradient)

“Keep in low gear”When used with the first plate, item 3
40

Diagram 555

Quayside or river

bank ahead

1. A distance with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

2. An arrow pointing to the left or to the right

41

Diagram 555.1

Water course

alongside road

ahead

(Alternative types)

“For” and a distance
42

Diagram 556.1

Soft verges ahead

1. “Soft verges”; or

2. “Soft verges for” and a distance

1
43

Diagram 557.1

Road hump or

series of road

humps ahead

1. “Hump” or “Humps” with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

2. “Hump” or “Humps” with two arrows, one pointing to the left and one pointing to the right;

3. “Hump” or “Humps for” and a distance, with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

4. “Hump” or “Humps for” and a distance, with two arrows, one pointing to the left and one pointing to the right

1
44

Diagram 559

Risk of falling or

fallen rocks ahead

(Alternative types)

“For” and a distance
45

Diagram 581

Side winds likely

ahead

“For” and a distance
46

Diagram 558

Low flying

aircraft or sudden

aircraft noise

likely ahead

1. “For” and a distance;

2. “Gliders”; or

3. “Gliders for” and a distance

47

Diagram 558.1

Low flying

helicopters or

sudden helicopter

noise likely ahead

“For” and a distance
48

Diagram 582

Slow moving

military vehicles

likely to becrossing or in road

ahead

“For” and a distance
49

Diagram 583

Slow moving

vehicles likely on

incline ahead

“Slow lorries for” and a distance and “mile” or “miles”1
50

Diagram 584

Traffic queues

likely on road

ahead

1. “Queues likely” with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

2. “Queues likely on slip road” with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right

1, 2
51

Diagram 770

Level crossing

with gate or

barrier ahead

1. A distance with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

2. An arrow pointing to the left or to the right

6
52

Diagram 771

Railway level

crossing without

gate or barrier

ahead

1. A distance with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

2. An arrow pointing to the left or to the right

6
53

Diagram 772

Tramcars crossing

ahead

1. A distance with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

2. An arrow pointing to the left or to the right

6
54

Diagram 779

Electrified

overhead cable

ahead

1. “Safe height” and numerals indicating height in imperial units and, in brackets, the height in metric units, with or without “load gauge”; or

2. As legend 1 and—

(a) a distance;

(b) an arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

(c) a distance and an arrow pointing to the left or to the right

5, 61
55

Diagram 782

Risk of grounding

at a railway or

tramway level

crossing or hump

backed bridge

ahead

1. A distance with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

2. An arrow pointing to the left or to the right

6
56

Diagram 562

Other danger

ahead

1.“Ambulance station”, “Blasting”, “Blind summit”, “Fire station”, “Hidden dip”, “Pedestrians crossing”, “Road liable to flooding”, or “Rising bollards”, with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right; or

2.“Ambulance station”, “Blasting”, “Blind summit”, “Fire station”, “Hidden dip”, “Pedestrians crossing”, “Road liable to flooding” or “Rising bollards” and a distance, with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right

1

PART 3Supplementary associated plates for placing in combination with signs in Part 2

1.  A warning, information or restriction of a description specified in column 2 of an item in the sign table must be conveyed by a supplementary associated plate which is of the size, colour and type provided for—

(a)in the diagram in column 3 of the item; or

(b)in that diagram varied in accordance with column 4.

Sign table — Schedule 2, Part 3

(1)

Item

(2)

Description

(3)

Diagram

(4)

Variants

1

Diagram 511

Reduction in speed necessary

for a change in road layout

ahead

“REDUCE SPEED NOW” may be varied to “HEAVY PLANT CROSSING” when used in combination with the sign shown in item 1, 2, 3, 4, 9, 10 or 11 of the Part 2 table
2

Diagram 513.2

Maximum speed in mph advised

at a bend or other hazard

The numerals may be varied to the appropriate advised maximum speed
3

Diagram 817.2

Escape lane ahead for vehicles

unable to stop on a steep hill

1. The route symbol may be varied

2. “ahead” may be varied to a distance, varied to an arrow pointing to the left or to the right, or omitted

4

Diagram 513.1A

Risk of lorries overturning on

adverse camber (with bend to

the left) and maximum speed

advised

1. The symbol may be reversed when the bend is to the right

2. The numerals indicating the maximum speed advised may be varied as appropriate

3. The legend “Max speed 20” may be omitted

PART 4Traffic signs for bridges and other structures

1.  A warning, information or prohibition of a description in column 2 of an item in the sign table in this Part must be conveyed by a sign that is—

(a)of the colour and type; and

(b)complies with the requirements as to size,

provided for in the diagram in column 3 of the item.

2.  In the case of the description at item 3, the warning is to be conveyed by both the triangular signs shown in the diagram in combination, and paragraph 1 applies to each of those signs.

3.  A number in column 4 of the sign table in this Part indicates that the plate or structure warning marking provided for at that item number in the sign table in Part 5 is an associated plate or marking of the sign provided for in the sign table in this Part at the item number at which the relevant column 4 entry appears.

4.  A provision of Part 7 mentioned (by reference to paragraph number) in column 5 of the sign table in this Part applies to the sign provided for at the item number in question.

5.  A Schedule 2 General Direction mentioned (by reference to paragraph number) in column 6 of the sign table in this Part applies to the upright sign provided for at the item number in question.

Sign table — Schedule 2, Part 4

(1)

Item

(2)

Description

(3)

Diagram

(4)

Associated plate or structure warning marking (by reference to an item number in the Part 5 sign table)

(5)

Applicable provisions in Part 7

(6)

Schedule 2 General Directions

1

Diagram 528.1

End of a bridge parapet, abutment

wall, tunnel mouth or other

obstruction adjacent to the

carriageway

9
2

Diagram 530A

Maximum headroom available at

hazard, with height indicated in

both metric and imperial units

1, 3, 4 or 56, 12
3

Diagram 531.1A

Maximum headroom available at

arch bridge ahead

2 or 56, 123
4

Diagram 1024.1

Road marking indicating path to be

taken by high vehicles under a low

bridge or to avoid an overhanging

structure

11, 13
5

Diagram 629.2A

Vehicles exceeding height

indicated prohibited with height

indicated in both metric and

imperial units

41, 2, 6, 12

PART 5Associated plates and structure warning markings for signs in Part 4

1.—(1) A warning or information of a description specified in column 2 of an item in the sign table in this Part must be conveyed by a plate or structure warning marking which is of the size, colour and type provided for—

(a)in the diagram in column 3 of the item; or

(b)in that diagram varied in accordance with column 4.

2.  A provision of Part 7 mentioned (by reference to paragraph number) in column 5 of the sign table applies to the structure warning marking provided for at the item number in question.

Sign table — Schedule 2, Part 5

(1)

Item

(2)

Description

(3)

Diagram

(4)

Variants

(5)

Applicable provisions in Part 7

1

Diagram 530.1

Reduced headroom

over part of road

due to overhanging

building or structure

1. The legend may include—

(a) a distance, with or without an arrow pointing to the left or to the right;

(b) an arrow pointing to the left or to the right

2. “building” may be varied to “buildings” or “structure”

2

Diagram 531.2

High vehicles to use

middle of road at

arch bridge ahead,

The legend may include an arrow pointing to the left or to the right
3

Diagram 532.4

Upper:

Extent of headroom

available at the side

of and in the centre

of a road at an arch

bridge.

Lower:

Marking highlighting reduced headroom

at an arch bridge.

1. The position and number of chord markings in the upper part of the diagram may be varied as appropriate

2. The black and yellow marking may be omitted

7, 9
4

Diagram 530.2

Reduced headroom

at a hazard

(Alternative types)

7, 9
5

Diagram 572

Distance ahead to

hazard

1. The distance may be varied to another distance

2. The legend may include an arrow pointing to the left or to the right

PART 6Other warning signs

1.  A warning of a description in column 2 of the sign table in this Part must be conveyed by a sign that is—

(a)of the colour and type; and

(b)complies with the requirements as to size,

provided for in the diagram in column 3 of the sign table at the item number for that description, or that diagram as varied in accordance with column 4.

2.  In the case of the description at item 1, the warning is to be conveyed by the triangular sign shown in the diagram and, depending on the warning to be conveyed, both associated plates shown in the diagram, or only the upper one, and paragraph 1 applies to each of those signs.

3.  A provision of Part 7 mentioned (by reference to paragraph number) in column 5 applies to the sign, or combination, at the item number in question.

4.  A Schedule 2 General Direction mentioned (by reference to paragraph number) in column 6 applies to the sign at the item number in question.

Sign table — Schedule 2, Part 6

(1)

Item

(2)

Description

(3)

Diagram

(4)

Variants

(5)

Applicable provisions in Part 7

(6)

Schedule 2 General Directions

1

Diagram 501

Junction

ahead

controlled by

a “GIVE

WAY” or

“STOP”

sign, wherean indication

may be given

that the

junction iswith a dual

carriageway

road

1. In the upper plate “GIVE WAY” is varied to “STOP” if the stop sign is placed at a junction ahead

2. The lower associated plate may be omitted

3. In the upper plate the distance may be varied

64
2

Diagram 560

Edge of

carriageway

or

obstruction

near that

edge

(Alternative types)

1. The colour of the circular sign or the rectangular sign may be varied to white or amber

2. The surface of the rectangular sign may be curved

45
3

Diagram 515

Sharp

deviation of

route

1. The chevrons may be reversed to point to the right

2. The number of chevrons may be varied

3. The corners of the sign may be rounded, with a radius not greater than 10 mm

4. The sign may be formed of a series of vertical flexible elements that need not have a horizontal cross section that is flat, provided that the elements extend to ground level to form the support for the sign and the support is coloured black

5. Where vertical flexible elements are used, the horizontal distance between the pointed ends of two consecutive chevrons may be increased by up to 4% of the dimensions shown in the diagram

6. Where vertical flexible elements are used, a yellow border may be added to the outside edge of the part of the sign that comprises the chevrons

7. Where vertical flexible elements are used, the sign may include a white arrow on a blue circular background as shown by the diagram in column 3 at item 1 of the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 3. This is to be placed over the chevrons and any yellow border, and formed as part of those elements

8, 9
4

Diagram 774

Location of a

railway or

tramway

level

crossing

without gate

or barrier

5

Diagram 781

Load gauge

giving

audible

warning to

drivers where

vehicles

exceed safe

height under

electrified

overhead

cables

1. The number of bells may be increased or decreased according to the width of the road over which the sign is placed

2. The bells may be of any colour, provided each bell is of the same colour

10
6

Diagrams 789, 789.1,

789.2

Countdown

markers to

railway or

tramway

level

crossing

Each sign may be reversed

PART 7Provisions applicable to signs

1.  Section 36 of the 1988 Act applies to the sign.

2.  The sign is specified for the purposes of column 5 of the entry in Schedule 2 to the Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988(77) relating to offences under section 36 of the 1988 Act.

3.  If the sign is displayed on a variable message sign and displays its aspects by means of light-emitting characters or symbols, the legend “SLOW DOWN” may be displayed beneath the sign (and any associated plates) in characters having a height of not less than one quarter of the height of the displayed sign.

4.  The sign must be illuminated by means of retroreflecting material.

5.  The safe height shown on the first associated plate must be between 1 foot 3 inches and 2 feet (380 mm to 600 mm) less than the height of the lowest part of the overhead wire, of which the sign gives warning, over the highest part of the surface of the carriageway beneath that wire.

6.—(1) Subject to sub paragraph (2), where the sign is placed on a road within 50 metres of any lamp which forms part of a system of street-lighting, the illumination requirements for the sign are—

(a)where that system of street-lighting is illuminated throughout the hours of darkness, the sign must be illuminated by internal or external lighting for so long as that system is illuminated and may also be reflectorised; or

(b)where that system of street-lighting is not illuminated throughout the hours of darkness—

(i)the sign must be illuminated by internal or external lighting for so long as that system is illuminated and must also be reflectorised; or

(ii)the sign must be illuminated throughout the hours of darkness by internal or external lighting and may also be reflectorised.

(2) Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply to a sign where the road is subject to a speed limit of 20 mph.

(3) The exception in sub-paragraph (2) does not apply to a sign provided for at item 2 or 5 of the Part 4 sign table mounted on a bridge or other structure and, consequently, sub-paragraph (1) applies to such a sign.

7.  The structure warning marking may be left unlit, or be illuminated either by means of internal or external lighting or by means of retroreflecting material.

8.  Paragraph 6 applies to that part of the sign, if any, which is the white arrow on a blue circular background.

9.  Where those parts of the sign coloured yellow, if any, are retroreflective, they may also be fluorescent.

10.  The sign must not be illuminated.

11.  The road marking must be reflectorised.

12.  The sign may have different numerals to those shown in the diagram.

13.  The arrow in the road marking may indicate a path to the left instead of to the right.

PART 8The Schedule 2 General Directions

1.  The triangular sign must not be placed unless placed with a plate showing the applicable first plate legend indicated in column 4 of the sign table in Part 2 at the item number in question.

2.  The sign may be fitted to the rear of a road maintenance vehicle.

3.  The two triangular signs must be placed together (with or without an associated plate).

4.  The triangular sign must be placed with its upper associated plate (whether or not the lower plate is also included).

5.—(1) The sign (“an edge of carriageway sign”) must be placed so that the top of the sign is not less than 550 mm nor more than 1000 mm above the surface of the adjacent carriageway.

(2) Where an edge of carriageway sign is mounted on a post specifically provided for the purpose that part of the post which extends above ground level may be—

(a)of any single colour; or

(b)coloured black and white in alternate horizontal bands, each band being not less than 225 mm or more than 350 mm deep.

(3) An edge of carriageway sign must be erected to display—

(a)the colour red on the left hand edge of the carriageway as viewed by the drivers of approaching vehicles; and

(b)the colour white on the right hand edge of the carriageway when so viewed, unless the edge is the edge of the carriageway of a dual carriageway road or a one-way road when the colour amber must be displayed.

Regulation 3, Direction 3

SCHEDULE 3Upright signs that indicate regulatory requirements for moving traffic

PART 1Provisions applicable to Parts 2, 3 and 4

1.  The requirement, restriction or prohibition of a description in column 2 of the sign table in Part 2 must be conveyed by a circular sign of—

(a)the colour and type provided for a sign in the diagram in column 3; and

(b)the size provided for in column 4 of the table.

2.  In the case of the description at item 25, the prohibition is to be conveyed by both the circular signs shown in the diagram in combination, and paragraph 1 applies to each of those signs.

3.  A warning, information, requirement, restriction or prohibition of a description mentioned in Part 3 must be conveyed by a plate (a “Part 3 plate”) which—

(a)has the legend for conveying that warning or information written in a manner which complies with the requirements as to size for a plate provided for in the diagram above the sign table in Part 2; and

(b)complies with the requirements as to colour and type in that diagram.

4.  A Part 3 plate containing a legend referred to in column 5 (by reference to a paragraph number in Part 3) of the sign table in Part 2 is an associated plate of the circular sign provided for in the Part 2 sign table at the item number at which the relevant column 5 entry appears.

5.  A provision of Part 4 mentioned (by reference to paragraph number) in column 6 of the sign table in Part 2 applies to the circular sign at the item number in question.

6.  A Schedule 3 General Direction mentioned (by reference to paragraph number) in column 7 of the sign table in Part 2 applies to the circular sign at the item number in question.

PART 2Circular signs and supplementary plates including regulatory requirements

Sign table — Schedule 3, Part 2

(1)

Item

(2)

Description

(3)

Diagram

(4)

Sign diameter

(5)

Associated plate legend (by reference to an item number in the Part 3 sign table)

(6)

Applicable provisions in Part 4

(7)

Schedule 3 General Directions

1

Diagram 606

Vehicular traffic must proceed in the direction

indicated by the arrow

(Alternative types)

270, 300, 450, 600, 750, 900, 1200, 15001, 2 or 31, 2, 41, 2
2

Diagram 609

Vehicular traffic must turn ahead in the

direction indicated by the arrow

(Alternative types)

450, 600, 750, 900, 12001, 2 or 31, 2, 41
3

Diagram 610

Vehicular traffic must comply with the

requirements described in paragraph 3 of Part 4

(Alternative types)

270, 300, 450, 600, 750, 900, 1200, 150021, 2, 3, 42
4

Diagram 642

No stopping on main carriageway

300, 450, 600, 750, 900, 12004 or 52, 41
5

Diagram 632

No overtaking

600, 750, 900, 12004, 5, 6 or 741
6

Diagram 614

No U-turns for vehicular traffic

270, 300, 450, 600, 750, 900, 12004 or 52, 41, 2
7

Diagram 612

No right turn for vehicular traffic

270, 300, 450, 600, 750, 900, 12003, 8, or both 3 and 82, 41, 2
8

Diagram 613

No left turn for vehicular traffic

270, 300, 450, 600, 750, 900, 12003, 8, or both 3 and 82, 41, 2
9

Diagram 615

Priority must be given to vehicles from the

opposite direction

600, 750, 900, 12005, 9 or 101, 43
10

Diagram 616

No entry for vehicular traffic

270, 300, 450, 600, 750, 900, 1200112, 41, 2
11

Diagram 617

All vehicles prohibited except non-mechanically

propelled vehicles pushed by pedestrians

450, 600, 750, 900, 1200

12, 13 or 14;

8 and 14;

14 and 15; or

8, 14 and 15

4 (with plate legend 14) or 5 (with plate legend 12 or 13)1, 3
12

Diagram 619

Motor vehicles prohibited

450, 600, 750, 900, 12008, 15, or both 8 and 1541
13

Diagram 622.1A

Goods vehicles exceeding the maximum gross

weight indicated prohibited

450, 600, 750, 900, 1200, 15006, 8, 15, or both 8 and 154, 61
14

Diagram 622.2

End of prohibition of goods vehicles indicated

by the sign provided for at item 13

450, 600, 750, 90041
15

Diagram 622.4

Articulated or track laying vehicles prohibited

(Alternative types)

600, 750, 900641
16

Diagram 622.8

Vehicles carrying explosives prohibited

450, 600, 750, 900, 1200

16

A second plate with a legend from 8 or 15, or both 8 and 15, may be added

41, 3
17

Diagram 952

Buses prohibited

450, 600, 750, 900, 12008, 15, or both 8 and 1541
18

Diagram 619.1

Motor vehicles except solo motor cycles

prohibited

450, 600, 750, 900, 12008, 15, or both 8 and 1541
19

Diagram 622.7

Towed caravans prohibited

450, 600, 750, 900, 12008, 15, or both 8 and 1541
20

Diagram 619.2

Solo motor cycles prohibited

450, 600, 750, 900, 12008, 15, or both 8 and 1541
21

Diagram 951

Riding of pedal cycles prohibited

150, 270, 300, 450, 6004 (but only sub-paragraph (5))1, 2
22

Diagram 625.1

Pedestrians prohibited

150, 300, 450, 60051
23

Diagram 622.5

Horse-drawn vehicles prohibited

150, 300, 450, 6008, 15, or both 8 and 1551
24

Diagram 622.6

Ridden or accompanied horses prohibited

150, 300, 450, 6008, 15, or both 8 and 1551
25

Diagram 629.1

Vehicles or combinations of vehicles exceeding

the length indicated prohibited

600, 750, 9006, 8, 15, or both 8 and 154, 61, 4
26

Diagram 629A

Vehicles exceeding the width indicated

prohibited in both metric and imperial units

750, 900, 12006, 8, 15 or both 8 and 154, 61
27

Diagram 629.2A

Vehicles exceeding height indicated in metric

and imperial units prohibited other than where

the sign is placed—

(a) on a road which passes under or through a

bridge, tunnel or other structure which limits the

height of vehicles using that road; or

(b) on any such bridge, tunnel or other structure

750, 900, 1200, 15004, 61
28

Diagram 955

Route for use by pedal cycles only

100, 150, 270, 300, 450, 6004 (but only sub-paragraph (5))1, 2
29

Diagram 956

Route for use by pedal cycles and pedestrians

only

100, 150, 270, 300, 450, 6004 (but only sub-paragraph (5))1, 2
30

Diagram 956.1

Route for use by pedal cycles, horses and

pedestrians only

100, 150, 270, 300, 450, 600, 7504 (but only sub-paragraph (5))1, 2
31

Diagram 956.2

Route for use by pedal cycles, horse-drawn

vehicles and pedestrians only

100, 150, 270, 300, 450, 600, 7504 (but only sub-paragraph (5))1, 2
32

Diagram 957

Route comprising two ways for use by pedal

cycles only and by pedestrians only, with those

ways separated by the marking provided for at

item 7 or 8 of the table in Part 6 of Schedule 9,

or by physical means,

(Alternative types)

100, 150, 270, 300, 450, 6004 (but only sub-paragraph (5))1, 2
33

Diagram 953

Route for use by buses, pedal cycles and taxis

only

(Alternative types)

450, 600, 750, 9008, 17, or both 8 and 171, 4, 7, 81
34

Diagram 953A

Route for use by buses, pedal cycles and

solo motor cycles only

(Alternative types)

450, 600, 750, 9008, 17 or both1, 41
35

Diagram 953B

Route for use by buses, pedal cycles, solo motor

cycles and taxis only

(Alternative types)

600, 750, 900, 12008, 17 or both1, 41
36

Diagram 953.1

Route for use by tramcars only

450, 600, 750, 9008, 17, or both1, 41
37

Diagram 953.1 (variant)

Route for use by tramcars and buses only

(Alternative types)

450, 600, 750, 9008, 17, or both1, 41
38

Diagram 953.1A

Route for use by tramcars, buses and pedal

cycles only

(Alternative types)

600, 750, 900, 12008, 17, or both1, 41
39

Diagram 953.1B

Route for use by tramcars, buses, pedal cycles

and taxis only

(Alternative types)

600, 750, 900, 12008, 17, or both1, 41
40

Diagram 953.1C

Route for use by tramcars, buses, pedal cycles,

solo motor cycles and taxis only

(Alternative types)

600, 750, 900, 12008, 17, or both1, 4, 71

PART 3Legends for plates associated with circular signs

1.  “One way”.

2.  “Dual carriageway”.

3.—(1) Subject to sub‑paragraphs (2), (3) and (4), “Except” and any of, or a combination of, the following:

(a)“buses”;

(b)“local buses”;

(c)“taxis”;

(d)“cycles”;

(e)“authorised vehicles”;

(2) “buses” and “local buses” must not be used together.

(3) “and” or “&” must be inserted before the last legend where more than one is used.

(4) “Except” must be varied to “except” when preceded by the legend described in paragraph 8.

4.  “For” and a distance.

5.  “End”.

6.  “Ice” or “Snowdrifts”.

7.  “Ice for” or “Snowdrifts for”, and a distance.

8.  A time period.

9.  “Give way to oncoming vehicles”.

10.  “Give way to oncoming vehicles for” and a distance.

11.  “Except” and “trams”, “buses”, “local buses”, “cycles”, “buses and cycles” or “local buses and cycles”; “and” may be varied to “&”.

12.  “Play Street except for access”.

13.  “Play Street” and a time period and “except for access”.

14.  “No vehicles”.

15.—(1) Subject to sub‑paragraphs (2) and (3), “Except” and any of, or a combination of, the following—

(a)“buses” or “local buses”;

(b)“taxis”;

(c)the disabled badge holder symbol;

(d)“permit holder” or “permit holders”, and, where appropriate, a permit identifier;

(e)one of—

(i)“for access”;

(ii)“for loading”;

(iii)“for loading by” and the lorry symbol shown in the diagram at item 1 of the table in Part 2 of Schedule 8;

(iv)“for access to off-street premises”.

(2) “and” or “&” must be inserted before the last legend where more than one is used.

(3) “Except” must be varied to “except” when preceded by the legend described in paragraph 8 or 12.

16.  “No explosives” or “No inflammables or explosives”.

17.  “and authorised vehicles”.

PART 4Provisions applicable to signs in Part 2

1.  Section 36 of the 1988 Act applies to the circular sign.

2.  Where the sign is placed temporarily on a road by a constable or person acting under the instructions (whether general or specific) of the chief officer of police for the purposes of indicating a temporary statutory provision, the following modifications to the requirements apply—

(a)the diameter of the circular sign must be at least 200 mm; and

(b)the x-height of the lettering on a plate where the legend is either “One way” or “End”, if used, must be at least 20 mm.

3.—(1) Except as provided in sub-paragraphs (2) to (5), the requirement conveyed by the sign is that vehicular traffic passing the sign must keep to the left of the sign where the arrow is pointed downwards to the left, or to the right of the sign where the arrow is pointed downwards to the right.

(2) Sub-paragraph (3) applies on an occasion where a vehicle is being used for at least one of the purposes set out in sub-paragraph (4) and the observance of the requirement in sub-paragraph (1) would be likely to hinder the use of the vehicle for that purpose.

(3) The requirement conveyed is that the vehicle must not proceed beyond the sign in such a manner or at such a time as to be likely to endanger any person.

(4) The purposes are—

(a)fire and rescue authority;

(b)Scottish Fire and Rescue Service;

(c)ambulance;

(d)blood service;

(e)providing a response to an emergency at the request of an NHS ambulance service;

(f)bomb or explosive disposal;

(g)special forces

(h)police; and

(i)National Crime Agency.

(5) The requirement in sub-paragraph (1) does not apply to a tramcar or trolley vehicle.

4.—(1) Subject to sub-paragraphs (2) to (5), where the sign is placed on a road subject to a speed limit greater than 20 mph, and is within 50 metres of any lamp which forms part of a system of street-lighting, the illumination requirements for the sign are—

(a)where that system of street-lighting is illuminated throughout the hours of darkness, the sign must be illuminated by internal or external lighting for so long as that system is illuminated and may also be reflectorised; or

(b)where that system of street-lighting is not illuminated throughout the hours of darkness—

(i)the sign must be illuminated by internal or external lighting for so long as that system is illuminated and must also be reflectorised; or

(ii)the sign must be illuminated throughout the hours of darkness by internal or external lighting and may also be reflectorised.

(2) Sub-paragraph (1) only applies to the sign at item 4 of the Part 2 sign table when being used as a terminal sign.

(3) Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply to a sign mounted on a self-righting bollard.

(4) Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply to a sign placed temporarily to indicate road works or an obstruction.

(5) Where the sign is mounted on a bollard fitted with a means of internal lighting, the sign must be illuminated throughout the hours of darkness by that means.

5.  The sign need not be illuminated.

6.  The sign may have different numerals to those shown in the diagram.

7.  The word “taxi” may be omitted.

8.  The cycle symbol may be omitted.

PART 5The Schedule 3 General Directions

1.—(1) The sign must only be placed to indicate the effect of an Act, order, regulation, bylaw, resolution or notice which prohibits or restricts the use of the road by traffic.

(2) When the sign is placed to indicate the point at which a restriction, requirement or prohibition begins or ends, it must be placed as near as practicable to that point.

(3) Sub-paragraphs (1) and (2) do not apply to—

(a)a sign provided for at item 1 of the Part 2 sign table, when placed on the central island of a roundabout or in combination with a plate displaying the legend “Dual carriageway”; and

(b)a sign provided for at item 2 of the Part 2 sign table (either without an associated plate or with a plate with the legend “Dual carriageway”), when placed on a road approaching its junction with a dual carriageway road.

2.  Where the sign is mounted on a bollard—

(a)the bollard must—

(i)be illuminated by means of internal lighting; and

(ii)conform to British Standard BS EN 12899-2:2007(78); or

(b)in the case of a self-righting bollard, the bollard—

(i)must be illuminated by the use of retroreflecting material; and

(ii)conform to British Standard BS 8442:2015(79).

3.  The sign must not be placed unless accompanied by its associated plate.

4.  The two signs provided for must be placed together.

Regulation 3, Direction 3

SCHEDULE 4Upright signs that control waiting, loading and parking along a road

PART 1Blank panel diagram

PART 2On-street parking control signs

Yellow panel signs

1.—(1) A restriction or prohibition of a description in column 2 of the sign table in Part 3 must be conveyed by a sign which complies with paragraphs 2 to 7.

2.  The sign must have a yellow background and black border as shown in blank diagram 1 in Part 1.

3.—(1) The sign must include a symbol of the size, colour and type shown in column 3 of the Part 3 sign table for the description in question.

(2) In the case of item 3, the sign must have the circular symbol shown in column 3 together with—

(a)the lorry symbol shown;

(b)the bus symbol shown; or

(c)both,

and each symbol included must be of the size, colour and type provided for in column 3 of item 3.

(3) The numeral forming part of the lorry symbol shown in the diagram may be varied to another numeral.

4.  A sign provided for in the Part 3 sign table must include the legend or legends provided for in column 4 for the description in question.

5.  A legend may be varied in accordance with an entry in column 5 (if any).

6.  The legend must be of a height provided for in column 6 (by reference to x-height).

7.  A sign must include an arrow pointing to the left or to the right where indicating the beginning of, or a change in, a restriction or prohibition.

White panel signs

8.  A restriction, prohibition or information of a description in column 2 of the sign table in Part 4 must be conveyed by a sign which complies with paragraphs 9 to 18.

9.  The sign must have a white background and black border as shown in blank diagram 2 in Part 1.

10.—(1) The sign must have a symbol of the size, colour and type shown in column 3 of the sign table in Part 4 for the description in question.

(2) Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply in relation to the description at item 1 of that table.

(3) The symbol provided for at item 5 may be reversed.

(4) For the purpose of conveying the description at item 6 or 7, the symbol shown at item 3 or 4 may be used instead of the symbol shown at item 6 or 7.

(5) Sub-paragraph (4) does not apply where the sign, in accordance with paragraph 15, includes the motor cycle or bus symbol shown at item 1 and 3 respectively of the Part 5 sign table.

11.  A sign provided for at item 1, 5, 6, 7, or 8 of the Part 4 sign table must have the legend provided for in column 4 of the item.

12.  A legend provided for at item 5, 6 or 7 of the Part 4 sign table may be varied in accordance with column 5 of the item.

13.  A sign provided for at item 2, 3 or 4 of the Part 4 sign table may include a legend provided for in column 5 of the item.

14.  A legend provided for in the Part 4 sign table must have an x-height provided for in column 6.

15.  Where an item in the Part 4 sign table (“the Part 4 item”) shows numbers in column 7, those numbers—

(a)refer to items in the Part 5 sign table (“the Part 5 items”); and

(b)signify that a sign which includes the symbol shown in column 3 of the Part 4 item may also include a symbol shown in column 3 of one of the Part 5 items to convey the description in column 2 of that Part 5 item.

16.—(1) A symbol included in accordance with paragraph 15 must be of the size, colour and type provided for in relation to that symbol at the appropriate column 2 entry in the Part 5 sign table.

(2) If the symbol shown in column 3 of item 4, 5, 6, 7 or 8 of the Part 5 table is included in a sign, a legend in column 4 at that item must also be included.

(3) The symbol shown at item 1, 2 or 6 of the Part 5 table may be reversed.

(4) In the case of item 8 of the Part 5 table, the symbol may be varied to correspond with the design on the applicable approved voucher (provided the size remains as provided for in column 2).

17.  A sign must include an arrow pointing to the left or to the right where indicating the beginning of, or a change in, a restriction or prohibition.

18.—(1) A sign may convey any two of the descriptions in column 2 in the Part 4 sign table (except the description at items 1 and 8), with “or” used to separate the legends applicable to the two descriptions.

(2) Where a sign conveys two descriptions in accordance with sub-paragraph (1), if the symbol applicable to those descriptions is the same, only one symbol need be included in the sign.

Signs consisting of multiple panels

19.—(1) This paragraph applies to all signs provided for in the sign tables in Parts 3, 4 and 5 except those for conveying a description in column 2 at—

(a)items 5 to 10 of the sign table in Part 3; and

(b)item 8 of the sign table in Part 4.

(2) A panel that would otherwise be a single sign in accordance with this Schedule may instead form part of a sign made up of at least two panels where each of the panels would otherwise be a single sign in accordance with this Schedule.

(3) The reference to a panel in sub-paragraph (2) is to the panel shown in blank diagram 1 or 2 in Part 1.

(4) This paragraph applies to a sign whether or not panels are included in accordance with paragraph 20 or 21.

20.—(1) This paragraph applies in relation to a sign provided for at item 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 or 7 of the Part 4 sign table.

(2) The sign may be divided into panels with a white background of the type shown in blank diagram 2 in Part 1 with any symbol or legend forming part of that sign being placed in any of those panels.

(3) This paragraph applies to a sign whether or not other panels are included in accordance with paragraph 19 or 21.

21.—(1) This paragraph applies to a sign which includes the symbol provided for at item 8 of the Part 5 sign table.

(2) Information on the voucher parking scheme may be shown on a separate panel with a white background of the type shown in blank diagram 2 in Part 1.

(3) This paragraph applies to a sign whether or not other panels are included in accordance with paragraph 19 or 20.

Provisions applying where the sign is made up of more than one panel

22.  When, in accordance with paragraph 19, 20 or 21, two or more panels are used, there must be a single black line separating adjoining panels.

23.—(1) Panels included in a sign may be placed in any vertical or horizontal combination, and need not be aligned vertically or horizontally.

(2) Sub-paragraph (1) is subject to sub-paragraphs (3) to (7).

(3) No more than two panels may be placed horizontally.

(4) Where panels are placed vertically to form a column they must be of the same width.

(5) No white panel may be placed above a yellow panel which is in the same column.

(6) Any white panels about loading must be above any white panels about parking places which are in the same column.

(7) Where a single panel is placed above or below two panels placed side by side, that single panel must be placed centrally in relation to the other two panels.

Height of legends to be proportionate

24.—(1) This paragraph applies whether or not the sign consists of a single panel or more than one panel.

(2) The x-height of a legend used on a sign provided for in this Schedule must be in proportion to the size of any symbol on the sign.

(3) Where a sign contains more than one legend, the x height must be the same for each legend.

(4) Sub-paragraph (3) does not apply to the legends provided for at item 7 or 10 in the Part 3 sign table.

Illumination

25.—(1) A sign provided for in this Schedule need not be illuminated.

(2) Paragraph (1) does not apply to a sign containing the symbol and legend provided for at item 2, 9 or 10 of the Part 3 sign table.

PART 3Symbols and legends used in combination with a yellow panel

Sign table — Schedule 4, Part 3

(1)

Item

(2)

Description

(3)

Symbol

(4)

Legend

(5)

Variant of legend

(6)

Legend height (by reference to x-height)

1Waiting prohibited for a time that is not continuous throughout the yearA time period

The legend may include either or both of—

(a) “No waiting”; and

(b) “except” followed by one or more of “taxis”, “ambulances”, “police vehicles”, and where more than one exception is provided for “and” or “&” must precede the final exception

Not less than 15 mm and not more than 40 mm
2Stopping prohibited

1. “No stopping”; and

2. “except” followed by—

(a) “buses”;

(b) “local buses”; or

(c) one or more of “taxis”, “ambulances”, “police vehicles”, and where more than one exception is provided for “and” or “&” must precede the final exception

1. The legend may include a time period

2. The legend may include “taxis” with a time period

3. The legend may include “BUS STAND” provided it is displayed above “No Stopping” and used in combination with “except buses” or “except local buses”

Not less than 15 mm and not more than 40 mm
3

Waiting of goods vehicles

over the maximum gross

weight shown or buses (or

both) prohibited

The lorry symbols are

alternative types

The bus symbols are

alternative types

A time periodNot less than 15 mm and not more than 40 mm
4Waiting prohibited in a Pedestrian Zone or a Restricted Parking Zone

1. “Pedestrian Zone” or “Restricted Parking Zone”; and

2. A time period

25 mm
5Waiting prohibited on a verge or on a footway“At any time on” followed by “verge or footway”, “footway” or “verge”Not less than 20 mm and not more than 40 mm
6Stopping prohibited on a verge or on a footway“At any time on” followed by “verge or footway”, “footway” or “verge”Not less than 20 mm and not more than 40 mm
7Entrance to a designated off-road loading area

1. “Loading area”;

2. “Except by permitted vehicles”; and

3. A time period

1. 50 mm for “Loading area”

2. 40 mm for “Except by permitted vehicles”

3. 40 mm for the time period

8Waiting prohibited in a designated off-road loading area

1. “Except by permitted vehicles”; and

2. A time period

40 mm
9Stopping prohibited in a lay-by except in emergency“No stopping except in emergency”37.5 mm or 50 mm
10Stopping prohibited on entrance markings

1. “No stopping”; and

2. “on entrance markings”

A time period may be included

1. 50 mm for “No stopping”

2. 40 mm for “on entrance markings”

3. 40 mm for any time period

PART 4Symbols and legends used in combination with a white panel

Sign table — Schedule 4, Part 4

(1)

Item

(2)

Description

(3)

Symbol

(4)

Required legends

(5)

Variants to column 4 legends, or legends that may be included

(6)

Legend height (by reference to x-height)

(7)

Applicable Part 5 item

1Loading prohibited

1. “No loading”

2. A time period

Not less than 15 mm and not more than 40 mm
2Parking place

1. A time period may be included

2. A permitted parking expression may be included

3. A type or types of user may be included and, where the user is a type of permit holder, a permit identifier may be included

4. A legend provided for at 3 above may be varied by the addition of “only” or “only at all times”

5. The name of the traffic authority may be included

6. A parking place identifier or a zone identifier may be included

Not less than 15 mm and not more than 40 mm1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
3

Parking place where vehicles may be parked partially on the verge or footway

(Alternative types)

1. A time period may be included

2. A permitted parking expression may be included

3. A type or types of user may be included and, where the user is a type of permit holder, a permit identifier may be included

4. A legend provided for at 3. above may be varied by the addition of “only” or “only at all times”

5. The name of the traffic authority may be included in the sign

6. A parking place identifier or a zone identifier may be included in the sign

Not less than 15 mm and not more than 40 mm2, 4, 5, 7, 8
4

Parking place where vehicles may be parked wholly on the verge or footway

(Alternative types)

1. A time period may be included

2. A permitted parking expression may be included

3. A type or types of user may be included and, where the user is a type of permit holder, a permit identifier may be included

4. A legend provided for at 3 above may be varied by the addition of “only” or “only at all times”

5. The name of the traffic authority may be included

6. A parking place identifier or a zone identifier may be included

Not less than 15 mm and not more than 40 mm2, 4, 5, 7, 8
5Parking place reserved for loading and unloading“Loading only”

1. “Loading only” may be varied to “Loading”, “Goods vehicles loading” or “Goods vehicles loading only”

2. The legend may be varied to include—

(a) a time period;

(b) a permitted parking expression; or

(c) both

3. The name of the traffic authority may be included

4. A parking place identifier may be included

Not less than 15 mm and not more than 40 mm
6Parking not subject to payment conditions“Free”The permitted variants at item 2 applyNot less than 15 mm and not more than 40 mm1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
7Parking subject to payment conditions“Pay at machine”

1. The permitted variants at item 2 apply

2. “Pay at machine” may be varied to any of the following or any appropriate combination of the following—

(a) “Pay here at machine”

(b) “Pay at machine across road”

(c) “Pay at machine opposite”

(d) “Pay at machine” and a location

(e) “Pay at” and a description of the ticket machine in any coloured letters

(f) “Display ticket”

(g) “Pay by phone” and a telephone number and “or text” and a text number and “quoting location” and a location number

(h) “Pay by phone” and a telephone number and “quoting location” and a location number

(i) “Pay by text” and a text number and “quoting location” and a location number

(j) Disc Zone”, “Disc parking”, “Ticket Zone” or “Ticket parking”

3. “Pay” in the legend “Pay at machine”, or in any of the legends referred to in entry 2, may be varied to “For longer stay pay”

4. Where the legend refers to a ticket machine, the legend may include an arrow pointing horizontally to the left or to the right, or one arrow pointing to the left and one to the right, to indicate the location of the machine or machines

Not less than 15 mm and not more than 40 mm1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
8Drivers must obtain and display parking tickets“Have you paid and displayed?”Not less than 15 mm and not more than 40 mm

PART 5Symbols to be used with Part 4 symbols on a white panel

Sign table — Schedule 4, Part 5

(1)

Item

(2)

Description

(3)

Symbol

(4)

Legend

(5)

Legend height (by reference to x-height)

1Parking place reserved for solo motor cycles
2Parking place reserved for motor cars
3

Parking place reserved for buses

(Alternative types)

4Parking place reserved for disabled badge holders

1. “Disabled badge holders”;

2. “Disabled badge holders only”;

3. “Disabled badge holders only at all times”;

4. “Disabled badge holder” and a permit identifier; or

5. “Disabled badge holder only” and a permit identifier

Not less than 15 mm and not more than 40 mm
5Parking place reserved for car club permit holders
“Car club permit holders only”Not less than 15 mm and not more than 40 mm
6Parking place reserved for the recharging of electric solo motor cycles

1. “Electric solo motor cycle recharging point only”; or

2. “Electric solo motor cycle recharging point” and “Permit holders only” with or without a permit identifier

Not less than 15 mm and not more than 40 mm
7Parking place reserved for the recharging of electric vehicles

1. “Electric vehicle recharging point only”; or

2. “Electric vehicle recharging point” and “Permit holders only” with or without a permit identifier,

Not less than 15 mm and not more than 40 mm
8Parking place reserved for vehicles displaying an appropriate voucher

1. “Voucher parking only”;

2. “Voucher parking and permits only”;

3. “Voucher parking and resident permits only”;

4. “Voucher parking and business permits only”; or

5. a legend provided for at 2, 3, or 4 with a permit identifier

Not less than 15 mm and not more than 40 mm

PART 6The Schedule 4 General Direction

1.—(1) The signs provided for in this Schedule must only be placed to indicate the effect of an Act, order, regulation, bylaw, resolution or notice which prohibits or restricts the use of the road by traffic.

(2) Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply to a sign which consists solely of the elements provided for in the Part 3 sign table at—

(a)item 2 (except where the taxi, ambulance or police vehicle legend in column 4 at paragraph 2(c) is included); or

(b)item 10.

Regulation 3, Direction 3

SCHEDULE 5Signs to indicate parking places and areas subject to parking controls

PART 1Parking place signs and plates

1.  A sign for indicating a parking place (a “parking place sign”) must be square and of the size, colour and type shown in the upper part of the diagram above the sign table in this Part.

2.  A restriction of a description in column 2 of items 2 to 6 of the sign table in this Part must be conveyed by a plate of the size, colour and type provided for in the diagram in column 3 at the item in question.

Sign table — Schedule 5, Part 1

(1)

Item

(2)

Description

(3)

Plate

(1)

Item

(2)

Description

(3)

Plate

1Parking place2

Diagram 804.4

Parking place reserved for solo motor cycles

3

Diagram 804.2

Parking place reserved for

motor cars

4

Diagram 804.3

Parking place reserved for motorised caravans or

caravans drawn by motor vehicles

5

Diagram 804.1

Parking place reserved for

goods vehicles

6

Diagram 969

Parking place reserved for buses

PART 2Entrance to a zone or area (other than a pedestrian, or a pedestrian and cycle, zone) where parking controls apply

3.  The provisions as to size, colour and type in this Part apply to a sign for conveying information, a restriction or a prohibition of a description in column 2 of an item in the sign table in Part 3.

4.  The sign must be of the shape shown in the diagram at the beginning of this Part with a white background and black lines as shown (except that the bottom panel may or must be omitted – see paragraph 5).

5.  The upper panel must contain—

(a)the symbol or symbols shown in column 3 of the item; and

(b)a legend shown in column 4 of the item, with the height and placing of the legend complying with column 5.

6.  The upper panel may be varied in accordance with column 6 of the item.

7.  Where provided for in column 7 of the item, a legend specified at column 2, or column 2 when read with column 4, in the sign table in Part 4 may be included in the lower panel and, where no legend is included, the lower panel must be omitted.

8.  A legend or symbol included in the lower panel must comply with the requirements as to size in column 3 of the item in the Part 4 sign table in which the legend or symbol is specified.

PART 3The upper panel and provision on inclusion of the lower panel

Sign table — Schedule 5, Part 3

(1)

Item

(2)

Description

(3)

Symbol

(4)

Legend

(5)

Height and location of legend

(6)

Permitted variants

(7)

Inclusion of a lower panel

1Entrance to a controlled parking zone applying to all vehicles
“Controlled ZONE”

x-height:

1. 60 mm or 80 mm for “Controlled”

2. 75 mm or 100 mm for “ZONE”

Location:

Above the symbol

1. The name of the traffic authority may be added above any other legend

2. A zone identifier may be added—

(a) where the identifier is a name, at the top of the panel (but below the name of the traffic authority if used);

(b) where the identifier is a code, to the right of the legend in column 4

3. The legend “No loading” may be added below the symbol if that legend is of the same size as the legend at column 4

4. “Controlled” may be varied to “Meter”, “Disc”, “Ticket”, “Disc and Meter”, “Disc and Ticket” or “Pay and Display

A lower panel may be included showing a legend specified in the Part 4 sign table at item 1
2Entrance to a restricted parking zone
“Restricted parking ZONE”

x-height:

1. 60 mm or 80 mm for “Restricted parking”

2. 75 mm or 100 mm for “ZONE”

Location:

Above the symbol

1. The name of the traffic authority may be added above any other legend

2. A zone identifier may be added—

(a) where the identifier is a name, at the top of the panel (but below the name of the traffic authority if used);

(b) where the identifier is a code, to the right of “ZONE”

3. The legend “No loading” may be added below the symbol if that legend is of the same size as “Restricted parking”

A lower panel may be included showing a legend specified in the Part 4 sign table at item 2
3Entrance to a voucher parking zone
“Voucher parking ZONE”

x-height:

1. 60 mm or 80 mm for “Voucher parking”

2. 75 mm or 100 mm for “ZONE”

Location:

Between the upper and lower symbol

1. The legend “No loading” may be added below the lower symbol if that legend is of the same size as the legend at column 4

2. The name of the traffic authority may be added at the top of the panel

3. A zone identifier may be added—

(a) where the identifier is a name, at the top of the panel (but below the name of the traffic authority if used).

(b) where the identifier is a code, to the right of “ZONE”

4. The upper symbol may be varied to an appropriate symbol identifying the voucher parking area in question

5. “Voucher parking” may be varied to “Voucher parking and Meter” or “Voucher parking and Ticket”

A lower panel may be included showing a legend specified in the Part 4 sign table at item 1
4Entrance to a controlled parking zone applying to goods vehicles over the maximum gross weight shown or buses (or both)
“ZONE”

x-height:

75 mm or

100 mm for

“ZONE”

Location:

Below the

symbols

1. The number on the lorry symbol may be varied

2. Either the lorry symbol or the bus symbol may be omitted

3. The name of the traffic authority may be added at the top of the panel

A lower panel may be included showing a legend specified in the Part 4 sign table at item 1
5Entrance to a permit parking area
One of—“Permit holders parking only past this point”;

x-height:

40 mm

Location:

Below the

symbol

1. A time period may be added

2. The name of the traffic authority may be added at the top of the panel

3. Permit identifiers may be added either to the right of the symbol or proximate to “permit holders”

4. “Permit holders parking only past this point” may be varied to “Resident permit holders parking only past this point”, “Permit holders parking only in” and a street name or “Resident permit holders parking only in” and a street name

A lower panel may be included showing the legend specified in the Part 4 sign table at item 3
6Entrance to a loading only area
“Loading only past this point” or “Goods vehicle loading only past this point”

x-height:

40 mm

Location:

Below the

symbol

1. A time period may be included after the legend

2. The name of the traffic authority may be added at the top of the panel

A lower panel must not be included
7Entrance to an area where parking on the verge or footway is prohibited
The name of a zone, city, town, village, area or road

x-height:

50 mm

Location:

Above the

symbol

1. The symbol may be reversed

2. The legend may be omitted

A lower panel must be included showing the legend specified in the Part 4 sign table at item 4

PART 4Legends and symbols in the lower panel

Sign table — Schedule 5, Part 4

(1)

Item

(2)

Legend

(3)

Height of legend or symbol

(4)

Permitted variants

1A time periodx-height: 37.5 or 50 mm
2A time periodx-height: 37.5 or 50 mm

1. “Except in signed bay” instead of the time period at column 2

2. “except in signed bay” to follow the time period at column 2

3. “bays” may be used instead of “bay”

3“Except in signed bay”

1. Legend x-height: 40 mm

2. A height of 200 mm in respect of a symbol

1. “Except” followed by either or both of the disabled badge holder symbol and the loading symbol (the symbol in column 3 of item 6 of the Part 3 sign table), to be followed by “in signed bay”. If both symbols are included “and” or “&” must be inserted between them

2. A time period may follow the column 2 legend or permitted variant 1

3. “bays” may be used instead of “bay”

4“No motor vehicle parking on verge or footway except where signed”x-height: 50 mm

1. “motor vehicle” or “except where signed”, or both, may be omitted

2. “verge or footway” may be varied to “verge” or “footway”

PART 5The Schedule 5 General Direction

1.—(1) The signs provided for in this Schedule must only be placed on or near a road to indicate the effect of an Act, order, regulation, bylaw, resolution or notice which prohibits or restricts the use of the road by traffic.

(2) This does not apply to a parking place sign provided for at paragraph 1 of Part 1 of this Schedule when placed without an associated plate.

Regulation 3, Direction 3

SCHEDULE 6Upright signs for red routes

PART 1Provisions applying to Part 2

1.  An upright sign for conveying a restriction or prohibition applicable to a red route must comply with the requirements as to size, colour and type provided for in this Part.

2.  The sign must consist of the top and middle panels of the sign shown in the diagram at the beginning of this Part and may also include the bottom panel shown if that is permitted under this Part.

3.  The top panel may be varied so “RED ROUTE” appears on one line.

4.  The middle panel may be varied to include—

(a)a time period;

(b)“except” followed by—

(i)“buses” or “local buses”;

(ii)“in signed bays” or “in signed bay”; or

(iii)one or more of “taxis”, “ambulances”, and “police vehicles”, and where more than one of those exceptions is provided for “and” or “&” must precede the final exception;

(c)“BUS STAND” if displayed above “No stopping” and in combination with “except buses” or “except local buses”.

5.  If “except buses”, “except local buses”, “except in signed bays” or “except in signed bays” is included in the middle panel, the bottom panel as shown in the diagram at the beginning of this Part must not be included in the sign.

6.  Unless paragraph 5 applies, the sign may include a bottom panel as shown in the diagram with, beneath “Except”, one or more of the symbols in column 3 of the sign table in Part 2 (for conveying an exception as described in column 2 for the symbol at the item number in question).

7.  A symbol provided for at item 4,5, 6, 8, 9, 10 or 11 of the sign table must only be used in conjunction with another symbol as indicated in column 2.

8.  The size of the symbol must comply with the requirements shown in column 3.

9.  The bottom panel may also include a legend, to accompany the symbol, as described in column 4 of the sign table in Part 2.

10.  The bottom panel may be varied in accordance with column 5 of the sign table in Part 2 for the item in question.

PART 2Symbols and legends used on a bottom panel

Sign table — Schedule 6, Part 2

(1)

Item

(2)

Description

(3)

Symbol

(4)

Additional legend

(5)

Permitted variants

1Parking place

1. A time period may be added

2. A permitted parking expression may be added

3. A type or types of user may be added and, where the user is a type of permit holder, a permit identifier may be added

2

Parking place where

vehicles may be parked

partially on the verge or

footway

(Alternative types)

1. A time period may be added

2. A permitted parking expression may be added

3. A type or types of user may be added and, where the user is a type of permit holder, a permit identifier may be added

3

Parking place where

vehicles may be parked

wholly on the verge or

footway

(Alternative types)

1. A time period may be added

2. A permitted parking expression may be added

3. A type or types of user may be added and, where the user is a type of permit holder, a permit identifier may be added

4

Parking place reserved

for solo motor cycles

May only be used in

conjunction with the

symbol at item 1, 13 or

14

5

Parking place reserved

for motor cars

May only be used in

conjunction with the

symbol at item 1, 2, 3,

13 or 14

6

Parking place reserved for buses

May only be used in conjunction with the symbol at item 1, 13 or 14

7Parking place reserved for disabled badge holders

1. A time period may be added

2. A permitted parking expression may be added

3. “Permit holder” or “Permit holders” may be added and, in either case, any permit identifier as appropriate

8

Parking place reserved for car club permit holders

May only be used in conjunction with the symbol at item 1, 2, 3, 13 or 14

“Car club permit holders only”
9

Parking place reserved for the recharging of electric solo motor cycles

May only be used in conjunction with the symbol at item 1, 13 or 14

“Electric solo motor cycle recharging point only”The legend may be varied to “Electric solo motor cycle recharging point” and “Permit holders only”, with or without a permit identifier
10

Parking place reserved for the recharging of electric vehicles

May only be used in conjunction with the symbol at item 1, 2, 3, 13 or 14

“Electric vehicle recharging point only”The legend may be varied to “Electric vehicle recharging point” and “Permit holders only”, with or without a permit identifier
11

Parking place reserved for vehicles displaying an appropriate voucher

May only be used in conjunction with the symbol at item 1, 2, 3, 13 or 14

“Voucher parking”

1. The voucher symbol may be varied to correspond with the design on the approved voucher within the size shown

2. The legend may be varied to “Voucher parking and permits only”, “Voucher parking and resident permits only” or “Voucher parking and business permits only”

3. The legend provided for at 2 above may be varied to include a permit identifier

4. An additional white panel may be added to the sign to show information on the voucher parking scheme

12Parking place reserved for loading and unloading
“Loading”

1. The legend may be varied to “Goods vehicles loading”

2. The legend may be varied to include—

(a) a time period; or

(b) a permitted parking expression,

or both

13Parking place not subject to payment conditions
“Free”

1. The permitted variants at item 1

2. The symbol may be varied to that at item 2 or 3, except when used in combination with the symbol at item 4 or 6

14Parking place subject to payment conditions
“Pay at machine”

1. The permitted variants at item 1

2. The symbol may be varied to that at item 2 or 3, except when used in combination with the symbol at item 4 or 6

3. “Pay at machine” may be varied to any of the following or any appropriate combination of the following—

(a) “Pay by phone”

(b) “Pay by text”

(c) “Pay by phone or text”

(d) “Disc Zone”, “Disc parking”, “Ticket Zone” or “Ticket parking”

4. “Pay” in the legend “Pay at machine”, or in any of the legends at entry 3, may be varied to “For longer stay pay”

PART 3The Schedule 6 General Direction

1.  The signs provided for in this Schedule must only be placed to indicate the effect of an Act, order, bylaw, resolution or notice which prohibits or restricts the use of the road by traffic.

Regulation 3, Direction 3

SCHEDULE 7Road markings and miscellaneous upright signs that indicate stopping, waiting, loading and parking controls

PART 1Provisions applying to Part 2

1.  The information, requirement, restriction or prohibition of a description in column 2 of the sign table in Part 2 must be conveyed by a sign that is—

(a)of the colour and type; and

(b)complies with the requirements as to size,

shown in the diagram in column 3 of the table at the item in question, or that diagram as varied in accordance with column 4.

2.  The signs provided for at items 5, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 and 17 of the Part 2 sign table need not be illuminated.

PART 2Regulatory signs for stopping, waiting, loading and parking controls

Sign table — Schedule 7, Part 2

(1)

Item

(2)

Description

(3)

Sign diagram

(4)

Permitted variants

1

Diagram 664

End of controlled, voucher or restricted parking zone

2

Diagram 666

End of controlled parking zone applying to goods vehicles over the maximum gross weight shown or buses (or both)

1. The number on the lorry symbol may be varied

2. The lorry symbol or the bus symbol may be omitted

3

Diagram 664.1

End of permit parking area

4

Diagram 664.2

End of loading only area

5

Diagram 640.5

End of designated off-road loading area

6

Diagram 646

No stopping during time periods indicated except for so long as may be necessary for the purpose of picking up or setting down passengers

1. Days of the week may be varied

2. The time periods shown in the “am” and “pm” panels may be varied to any other periods

7

Diagram 647

End of the restriction on stopping indicated by the sign at item 6

8

Diagram 642.4

Stopping of vehicles prohibited at all times on a red route clearway (and conveying to drivers that this prohibition is not indicated by double red lines)

9

Diagram 642.5

End of prohibition on stopping indicated by the sign at item 8

10

Diagram 663.4

Reminder to drivers that parking on the verge or footway is prohibited

(Alternative types)

11

Diagram 664.3

End of area where parking on verge or footway is prohibited

(Alternative types)

12

Diagram 667

Vehicles may be parked partially on the verge or footway

(Alternative types)

An arrow pointing to the left or to the right may be added
13

Diagram 668

Vehicles may be parked wholly on the verge or footway

(Alternative types)

An arrow pointing to the left or to the right may be added
14

Diagram 667.1

Vehicles may be parked partially on the verge or footway during the period indicated

(Alternative types)

1. An arrow pointing to the left or to the right may be added in the lower panel

2. “In marked bays” may be added to or substituted for the times shown in the lower panel

3. The time period may be varied to another time period

15

Diagram 668.1

Vehicles may be parked wholly on the verge or footway during the period indicated

(Alternative types)

1. An arrow pointing to the left or to the right may be added in the lower panel

2. “In marked bays” may be added to or substituted for the times shown in the lower panel

3. The time period may be varied to another time period

16

Diagram 667.2

End of area where vehicles may be parked partially on the verge or footway

(Alternative types)

17

Diagram 668.2

End of area where vehicles may be parked wholly on the verge or footway

(Alternative types)

PART 3Provisions applying to road markings in Part 4

1.  A restriction or prohibition of a description in column 2 of an item in the Part 4 sign table must be conveyed by road markings of the size, colour and type shown in—

(a)the diagram in column 3; or

(b)that diagram as varied in accordance with the paragraph in Part 5 whose number appears in column 4 of the item.

2.—(1) Where the road marking at item 9 is placed in a lay-by, studs may also be placed.

(2) The studs must incorporate—

(a)green reflectors;

(b)green retroreflecting material; or

(c)a light source that emits, during the hours of darkness, a steady green light,

or any combination.

(3) The studs must be placed in the gaps between the broken line that indicates the edge of the lay‑by to drivers of approaching vehicles.

(4) The external part of the stud that is visible when the stud is in place must be—

(a)green

(b)white;

(c)of a natural metallic finish;

(d)of another neutral colour; or

(e)clear,

or any combination (but see sub-paragraph (5) for an exception).

(5) The external part of a stud that is visible when the stud is in place temporarily during road works must be fluorescent green-yellow except to the extent—

(a)it consists of green reflectors or retroreflecting material; or

(b)it is necessary for it to be a different colour or clear in order for the stud to emit green light.

3.  Section 36 of the 1988 Act applies to the markings at items—

(a)9; and

(b)10 where the marking is placed in the circumstances mentioned in paragraph 3 of Part 6.

PART 4Road markings for stopping, waiting, loading and parking controls

Sign table — Schedule 7, Part 4

(1)

Item

(2)

Description

(3)

Diagram

(4)

Variants in Part 5

1

Diagram 1018.1

(a) Waiting of vehicles prohibited at all times

or

(b) stopping of vehicles in a lay-by prohibited except in emergency

3
2

Diagram 1017

Waiting of vehicles prohibited for a time that is not continuous throughout the year

3
3

Diagram 1020.1

Loading and unloading of vehicles prohibited at all times

4
4

Diagram 1019

Loading and unloading of vehicles prohibited for a time that is not continuous through the year

4
5

Diagram 1028.2

Area of carriageway reserved for taxis or, where the legend is varied as indicated in column 4, reserved for ambulances or police vehicles, where waiting by other vehicles is prohibited

(Alternative types)

6, 7, 10
6

Diagram 1028.4

Alternative types of parking bay—

(a) at the edge of the carriageway and situated wholly on either the carriageway or footway; or

(b) in the centre of the carriageway or partly on the carriageway and partly on the footway

1, 2, 5, 7, 10
7

Diagram 1028.5

Area of carriageway reserved for taxis or, where the legend is varied as indicated in column (4), reserved for ambulances or police vehicles, where stopping by other vehicles is prohibited

6, 7, 8, 10
8

Diagram 1028.6

Parking bay for use by all vehicles or, where indicated by upright signs, by specified vehicles, and where at certain times, as indicated by upright signs, the bay is reserved for taxis, ambulances or police vehicles, where stopping by other vehicles is prohibited

2, 5, 7, 8
9

Diagram 1025.1

Clearway at which, as described in paragraph 1 of Part 6, vehicles must not stop (exceptions apply for buses and taxis)

7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13
10

Diagram 1027.1

Part of the carriageway outside an entrance where, as described in paragraph 2 or 3 (as applicable) of Part 6, vehicles should, or must, not stop

14, 15, 16
11

Diagram 1018.2

Stopping of vehicles prohibited at all times

3
12

Diagram 1017.1

Stopping of vehicles prohibited for a time that is not continuous throughout the year

3

PART 5Required or permitted variants

1.—(1) ”DOCTOR” may be omitted.

(2) “DOCTOR” may be varied to: “BUSES”, “CAR CLUB”, “CYCLE HIRE”, “DISABLED”, “ELECTRIC VEHICLES”, “ELECTRIC VEHS”, “ELECTRIC MOTORCYCLES”, “ELECTRIC M/CYCLES”, “ELECTRIC M/Cs”, “LOADING”, “LARGE OR SLOW VEHICLES”, “PERMIT HOLDERS”, “SOLO MOTORCYCLES”, “SOLO M/CYCLES”, “SOLO M/CS”.

(3) “ONLY” may be added after “DOCTOR” (or after a word or phrase used pursuant to sub-paragraph (2)).

(4) Where the bay is reserved for an individual disabled badge holder, an alphanumeric identifier, with or without the word “ONLY” may be added after “DISABLED”.

2.—(1) When reserved for disabled badge holders at certain times (whether or not also reserved for other users)—

(a)the length of the bay must be at least 6600 mm; and

(b)the width of the bay must be at least 2700 mm (or 3000 mm when placed in the centre of the carriageway) except in a case where, on account of the nature of traffic using the road, the overall width of the carriageway is insufficient to accommodate a bay of that width.

(2) The marks and gaps forming the boundary of the bay may—

(a)vary in number and length; or

(b)be replaced by a continuous white line.

(3) The bay may be varied to contrast, in pattern or colour, from the surrounding parts of the road and any adjoining bays, in which case the marking may be omitted.

(4) The bay may be divided into individual spaces by—

(a)the application of a white line marking (either broken or continuous), with a minimum width of 50 mm; or

(b)contrasting pattern or colour.

(5) If the individual spaces are parallel to the edge of the carriageway, the length of each space must be not less than—

(a)6600 mm in the case of a space reserved for disabled badge holders; or

(b)4500 mm in any other case.

(6) If the individual spaces are not parallel to the edge of the carriageway—

(a)the length of the largest rectangle that could be accommodated wholly within the space in question must be not less than 4200 mm;

(b)the width of each space must be—

(i)not less than 3600 mm in the case of a space reserved for disabled badge holders; or

(ii)not less than 2000 mm in any other case, and

(c)the spaces may be inclined at any angle to the edge of the carriageway to form an overall parking bay in echelon pattern, the boundary of which, furthest from the edge of the carriageway, may be parallel to the carriageway.

3.  The transverse mark at the end of the line may be omitted.

4.  The marking may be continued down the vertical face of a kerb at the edge of the carriageway.

5.  The marks forming the boundary of the bay and any legend must be coloured red when placed on a red route, but only where the bay is not available for parking or loading during part of, or all of, the times of operation of the red route.

6.  ”TAXIS” may be varied to “AMBULANCES” or “POLICE”.

7.  The transverse line may be omitted—

(a)from that part of the marking that is placed within a lay-by; or

(b)from that part of the bay which is delineated by a raised kerb.

8.  Where the marking is placed on a red route, the continuous line must be substituted by the marking provided for at item 11 or 12 of the Part 4 sign table.

9.  ”STOP” may be varied to “STAND”.

10.  The legend may be repeated along the length of the marking as appropriate.

11.  Where the marking is placed in part of a lay‑by, the continuous line may be used to delineate the clearway from that part of the lay‑by used by all vehicles.

12.  The continuous line must be varied to red where placed along a red route and taxis are prohibited from stopping within the clearway.

13.  The continuous line must be replaced by the marking provided for at item 11 or 12 of the Part 4 table where placed along a red route and taxis are permitted to stop within the clearway to pick up or set down passengers.

14.  ”SCHOOL” may be varied to “CHILDREN” with the maximum length of the marking increased to 44545 mm in consequence.

15.  ”SCHOOL” and the line between “SCHOOL” and “KEEP” may be omitted and the minimum length of the marking reduced to 25250 mm when used outside a fire, police or ambulance station, or a hospital.

16.  The overall length of the marking may be varied within the specified limits by the addition or removal of an equal number of complete zig‑zag elements on each side of the legend.

PART 6The significance of particular road markings

Clearways (diagram 1025.1)

1.—(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (3) and paragraph 4, the road marking provided for at item 9 of the Part 4 sign table conveys the prohibition that a person driving a vehicle must not cause it to stop within the clearway—

(a)if the relevant upright sign placed in conjunction with the marking does not show a time period, at any time; or

(b)if the relevant upright sign shows a time period, during that period.

(2) For the purposes of this paragraph—

(a)“clearway” means an area of carriageway bounded by the continuous and broken straight lines provided for at item 9;

(b)“relevant upright sign” means an upright sign which includes a stopping prohibited symbol and indicates that stopping by vehicles other than buses or local buses is prohibited, or prohibited during the period indicated; and

(c)a vehicle is taken to have stopped within a clearway if—

(i)any point in the clearway is below the vehicle or its load (if any); and

(ii)the vehicle is stationary.

(3) The prohibition in sub-paragraph (1) does not apply to the driver of a bus who causes the bus to stop within the clearway for so long as may be necessary—

(a)to maintain a published timetable for the service (provided, in the case of a clearway marked “BUS STOP”, that the bus is not stopped within the clearway for a period exceeding two minutes);

(b)to enable passengers to board or alight from the bus; or

(c)to enable the crew of the bus to be changed.

School etc entrances (diagram 1027.1)

2.  The road marking provided for at item 10 of the sign table in Part 4, when not placed in conjunction with an upright sign which includes the symbol at item 12 of the sign table in Part 3 of Schedule 4 (prohibiting stopping on entrance markings), indicates a part of the carriageway outside an entrance where vehicles should not stop.

3.  Subject to paragraph 4, the road marking at item 10, when placed in conjunction with an upright sign which includes the symbol at item 12, conveys the prohibition that, subject to the exceptions in paragraph 5, a person driving a vehicle must not cause it to stop on that marking—

(a)if the sign placed in conjunction with the marking does not show a time period, at any time; or

(b)if the sign shows a time period, during that period.

Exceptions applicable to paragraphs 1 and 3

4.—(1) The prohibition in paragraphs 1 and 3 does not apply to a vehicle being used for at least one of the following purposes—

(a)fire and rescue authority;

(b)Scottish Fire and Rescue Service;

(c)traffic officer;

(d)ambulance;

(e)providing a response to an emergency at the request of an NHS ambulance service;

(f)bomb or explosive disposal;

(g)special forces;

(h)police; and

(i)National Crime Agency.

(2) The prohibition in paragraphs 1(1) and 3 does not apply in respect of—

(a)a vehicle that has stopped with the permission or at the direction of—

(i)a constable in uniform;

(ii)a traffic warden; or

(iii)a traffic officer in uniform;

(b)a vehicle which is prevented from proceeding by circumstances beyond the driver’s control or which has to be stopped in order to avoid injury or damage to persons or property;

(c)in respect of paragraph 1 only, a taxi which is stationary only for so long as may be reasonably necessary for a passenger to board or alight and to load or unload any luggage of the passenger (but this exemption does not apply in relation to a marking on a red route where paragraph 12 of Part 5 applies);

(d)a marked vehicle which, whilst used by a universal service provider in the course of the provision of a universal postal service, is stationary only for so long as may be reasonably necessary for postal packets to be collected;

(e)in respect of paragraph 1 only, a vehicle driven by a person whilst being trained to drive a bus operating local services who, as part of that training, stops the vehicle on the road marking for no longer than necessary to simulate the stopping of a bus at a bus stop for the purpose of picking up and setting down passengers;

(f)a vehicle which is stationary in order that it may be used for one or more of the purposes specified in sub-paragraph (3) and which cannot be used for such a purpose without stopping on the marking.

(3) The purposes are—

(a)any operation involving building, demolition or excavation;

(b)the removal of any obstruction to traffic;

(c)the maintenance, improvement or reconstruction of a road;

(d)constructing, improving, maintaining or cleaning any street furniture (including, in respect of paragraph 1 only, bus stop infrastructure); or

(e)the laying, erection, alteration, repair or cleaning of any sewer or of any main, pipe or apparatus for the supply of gas, water or electricity, or of any electronic communications apparatus kept installed for the purposes of an electronic communications code system or of any other electronic communications apparatus lawfully kept installed in any position.

(4) In this paragraph, the expressions “universal service provider”, “provision of a universal postal service” and “postal packet” have the same meanings as in the Postal Services Act 2000(80).

PART 7The Schedule 7 General Directions

1.—(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2), the signs provided for in this Schedule must only be placed to indicate the effect of an Act, order, regulation, bylaw, resolution or notice which prohibits or restricts the use of the road by traffic.

(2) Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply to the road markings provided for at the following items in the sign table in Part 4—

(a)6, but only where the marking—

(i)does not include a word or phrase; and

(ii)is not in a controlled parking zone

(b)9; and

(c)10.

2.  When a sign provided for in the sign table in Part 2 is placed to indicate the point at which a restriction, requirement or prohibition begins or ends, the sign must be placed on the road as near as practicable to that point.

3.  The road marking provided for at item 9 of the sign table in Part 4 must not be placed except in combination with a relevant upright sign within the meaning of paragraph 1 of Part 6.

Regulation 3, Direction 3

SCHEDULE 8Signs indicating the entrance to and the end of a pedestrian, or pedestrian and cycle, zone, and signs for charging schemes

PART 1Provisions applying to signs in Part 2

1.  The information, requirement, restriction or prohibition of a description in column 2 of an item in the sign table in Part 2 must be conveyed by a sign that is—

(a)of the colour and type; and

(b)complies with the requirements as to size,

shown in the diagram in column 3 of the item, or that diagram as varied in accordance with column 4.

2.  Where a sign provided for in the Part 2 sign table is erected on a road subject to a speed limit greater than 20 mph and is within 50 metres of any lamp which forms part of a system of street-lighting, the illumination requirements for the sign are—

(a)where that system of street-lighting is illuminated throughout the hours of darkness, the sign must be illuminated by internal or external lighting for so long as that system is illuminated and may also be reflectorised; or

(b)where that system of street-lighting is not illuminated throughout the hours of darkness—

(i)the sign must be illuminated by internal or external lighting for so long as that system is illuminated and must also be reflectorised; or

(ii)the sign must be illuminated throughout the hours of darkness by means of internal or external lighting and may also be reflectorised.

PART 2Signs indicating pedestrian and pedestrian and cycle zones

Sign table — Schedule 8, Part 2

(1)

Item

(2)

Sign description

(3)

Sign diagram

(4)

Permitted variants

1

Diagram 618.3B

Entry to, and waiting in, a pedestrian zone restricted

1. The time period in the upper panel may be omitted or varied

2. The following symbols and legends may be included in the middle panel to provide for exceptions (including in any combination, provided there is an “and” or “&” before the last exception)—

(a) the legend “buses” or “local buses”

(b) the legend “taxis”

(c) the legend “for access”, “for loading”, or “for loading by” and the goods vehicle symbol

(d) the legend “permit holders”, “permit holder”, and, if appropriate, a permit identifier or identifiers

(e) the disabled badge holder symbol

3. The middle panel may include a time period

4. The time period in the lower panel may be varied

5. The lower panel may be omitted

6. The middle panel may be omitted when the lower panel is omitted

2

Diagram 618.3C

Entry to, and waiting in, a pedestrian and cycle zone restricted

1. The time period in the upper panel may be omitted or varied

2. The following symbols and legends may be included in the middle panel to provide for exceptions (including in any combination, provided there is an “and” or”&” before the last exception)—

(a) the legend “buses” or “local buses”

(b) the legend “taxis”

(c) the legend “for access”, “for loading”, or “for loading by” and the goods vehicle symbol

(d) the legend “permit holders”, “permit holder”, and, if appropriate, a permit identifier or identifiers

(e) the disabled badge holder symbol

3. The middle panel may include a time period

4. The time period in the lower panel may be varied

5. The lower panel may be omitted

6. The middle panel may be omitted when the lower panel is omitted

3

Diagram 618.4A

End of restrictions associated with a pedestrian zone

4

Diagram 618.4B

End of restrictions associated with a pedestrian and cycle zone

PART 3Provisions applying to signs in Part 4

1.  The information of a description in column 2 of an item in the sign table in Part 4 must be conveyed by a sign that is—

(a)of the colour and type; and

(b)complies with the requirements as to size,

shown in the diagram in column 3 of the item, or that diagram as varied in accordance with column 4.

PART 4Signs and markings indicating a congestion charging zone

Sign table — Schedule 8, Part 4

(1)

Item

(2)

Sign description

(3)

Sign diagram

(4)

Permitted variants

1

Diagram 677

Entrance to a congestion charging zone

1. The name and logo of the traffic authority in the upper panel may be varied as appropriate or the panel omitted

2. In the middle panel “Central” may be varied to the name of the zone as appropriate

3. In the lower panel—

(a) the time period may be varied; and

(b)(i) the amount of the charge and “Pay on entry” or “Pay on exit” or “per day” or “per vehicle” may be included above the time period; or

(ii) “Pay on entry” or “Pay on exit”, without the amount of the charge, may be included above the time period

2

Diagram 678

Entrance to a congestion charging zone (alternative to item 1)

1. In the upper panel “Axtley” may be varied to the name of the zone or to “Congestion” as appropriate

2. In the lower panel—

(a) the amount of the charge may be varied or omitted;

(b) “Pay on exit” may be varied to—

(i)”Pay on entry”; or

(ii) if the amount of the charge is not omitted, “per day” or “per vehicle”;

(c) “£2 Pay on exit” may be omitted; and

(d) the time period may be varied

3

Diagram 818.6

Advance indication of a congestion charging zone

1. In the upper panel the time period may be varied

2. In the lower panel—

(a) the distance may be varied;

(b) “ahead” may be placed centrally below the distance;

(c) “ahead” may be omitted and an arrow pointing horizontally to the left or to the right placed centrally below the distance

4

Diagram 818.7

Advance indication of a congestion charging zone (alternative to item 3)

1. In the upper panel—

(a) the amount of the charge may be varied;

(b) “day” may be varied to “vehicle”;

(c) the time period may be varied

2. In the lower panel—

(a) the distance may be varied;

(b) “ahead” may be placed centrally below the distance; and

(c) “ahead” may be omitted and an arrow pointing horizontally to the left or to the right placed centrally below the distance

5

Diagram 894

Reminder to drivers within a congestion charging zone in which cameras are used to enforce traffic regulations

1. The “C” symbol may be placed to the left of the camera symbol

2. A legend may be added giving the name, and any logo, of the enforcement authority

6

Diagram 679

End of congestion charging zone

7

Diagram 1068

Road marking indicating the commencement of a congestion charging zone

8

Diagram 1069

Road marking giving advance warning of a congestion charging zone

PART 5The Schedule 8 General Directions

1.  The signs provided for—

(a)in the sign table in Part 2; and

(b)at items 1, 2, 6 and 7 of the sign table in Part 4,

must only be placed to indicate the effect of an Act, order, regulation, bylaw, resolution or notice which restricts or prohibits the use of the road by traffic.

2.  An upright sign mentioned in paragraph 1 must be placed as near as practicable to the point the restriction or prohibition begins or ends.

Regulation 3, Direction 3

SCHEDULE 9Regulatory signs at junctions and miscellaneous regulatory signs

PART 1Provisions applicable to signs in Part 2

1.  The information or requirement of a description in column 2 of an item in the sign table in Part 2 must be conveyed by a sign that is —

(a)of the colour and type shown in the diagram in column 3; and

(b)complies with the requirements as to size given in column 4.

2.  A provision of Part 8 applies to a sign provided for in Part 2 where indicated in column 5 of the Part 2 sign table (by reference to a paragraph number in Part 8).

3.  A Schedule 9 General Direction applies to a sign provided for in Part 2 where indicated in column 6 of the Part 2 sign table (by reference to a number equivalent to the general direction in Part 9).

PART 2Signs at junctions

Sign table — Schedule 9, Part 2

(1)

Item

(2)

Description

(3)

Diagram

(4)

Permitted sizes

(5)

Applicable provisions in Part 8

(6)

Schedule 9 General Directions

1

Diagram 601.1

Vehicular traffic must comply with the requirements specified in paragraph 1 or 2 of Part 7

Sign height

750, 900, 1200

1, 2, 73, 4, 8
2

Diagram 602

Vehicular traffic must comply with the requirements specified in paragraph 3 or 4 of Part 7

Sign height

600, 750, 900, 1200, 1500

1, 75, 8
3

Diagram 608

Dual carriageway road (associated plate for items 1 and 2)

x-height of legend:

50, 62.5, 75, 100, 125

10
4

Diagram 778

Open railway level crossing without light signals (associated plate for item 2)

Sign height

420, 525, 630

11
5

Diagram 778.1

Open tramway level crossing without light signals

(associated plate for item 2)

Sign height

300, 375, 450

11
6

Diagram 611.1

Vehicles entering the junction must comply with the requirements prescribed in paragraph 5 of Part 7

Sign height

600, 750, 900

1, 3, 76, 8

PART 3Provisions applicable to signs in Part 4

1.  The information or requirement of a description in column 2 of an item in the sign table in Part 4 must be conveyed by a sign that is—

(a)of the colour and type; and

(b)complies with the requirements as to size,

provided for in the diagram in column 3 at that item, or that diagram as varied in accordance with column 4.

2.  A provision of Part 8 applies to a sign provided for in Part 4 where indicated in column 5 of the sign table (by reference to a paragraph number in Part 8).

3.  A Schedule 9 General Direction applies to a sign provided for in Part 4 where indicated in column 6 (by reference to a number equivalent to the general direction in Part 9).

PART 4Other regulatory signs

Sign table — Schedule 9, Part 4

(1)

Item

(2)

Description

(3)

Diagram

(4)

Permitted variants

(5)

Applicable provisions in Part 8

(6)

Schedule 9 General Directions

1

Diagram 651

Use of verge maintained in mown or ornamental condition by specified traffic prohibited

1. “animals”, or the right hand symbol and “pedestrians”, may be omitted, or that symbol and both words may be omitted

2. The arrow may be varied to point horizontally to the right, or may be omitted

81, 13
2

Diagram 626.2A

Vehicles exceeding the maximum gross weight indicated prohibited from crossing the bridge or other structure with exemption for empty vehicles

1. “18t” may be varied to “3t”, “7.5t”, “10t”, “13t”, “26t” or “33t”

2. “WEAK BRIDGE” may be varied to “WEAK ROAD”

3. The bottom panel may be omitted

1, 72
3

Diagram 622.10

Vehicles carrying dangerous goods within the tunnel restriction code indicated by the sign prohibited

The tunnel restriction code letter “B” may be varied to “C”, “D” or “E” as appropriate71
4

Diagram 784.1

Drivers of large or slow vehicles must stop and telephone in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 6 of Part 7 before using a level crossing

The words “must phone” may be varied to “must use SOS phone”1, 2, 7
5

Diagram 652

One-way traffic

71
6

Diagram 960.1

One-way road with a mandatory contraflow cycle lane

The number of upward pointing arrows may be varied to indicate the number of lanes available to all traffic1
7

Diagram 960.2

One-way road with contraflow pedal cycles

1
8

Diagram 960

One-way road with a contraflow bus and cycle lane

1. The number of upward pointing arrows may be varied to indicate the number of lanes available to all traffic

2. The cycle symbol may be omitted and the downward pointing arrow centred below the bus symbol

3. The bus symbol may be varied to the local bus symbol shown in the diagram at item 10

1
9

Diagram 959.1

With-flow cycle lane with indication of times of operation

1. In the upper panel—

(a) the position of the vertical line and symbol may be varied to reflect the layout of the road marking at item 7 in the sign table in Part 6; and

(b) an additional vertical line may be added

2. The time period may be varied

3. The bottom panel may be omitted

10

Diagram 959B

Nearside with-flow bus lane, which authorised vehicles, taxis, solo motor cycles and pedal cycles may also use, with indication of times of operation

1. In the upper panel—

(a) “authorised vehicles” or “taxi” or both may be omitted;

(b) the solo motor cycle symbol may be omitted;

(c) the local bus symbol may be varied to the bus symbol shown at item 8;

(d) the position of the vertical line and symbols may be varied to reflect the layout of the road marking at item 11 in the sign table in Part 6; and

(e) an additional vertical line may be added

2. The time period may be varied

3. The bottom panel may be omitted

1
11

Diagram 964

End of with-flow bus lane

1
12

Diagram 2602.3

The number of a route for pedal cycles forming part of a national or regional cycle route network

1. The route number may be varied as appropriate and may include capital letters

2. The route number may be shown in brackets

3. Additional route numbers, in brackets, may be shown

4. The background colour may be varied to blue when placed on a regional cycle route

5. When indicating a route other than a national or regional cycle route network, the route number, background and border may be in any contrasting colours

7
13

Diagram 2901

Regulations in force under section 17 of the 1984 Act start to apply to the road at this point

1. The motorway number may be varied as appropriate and may be placed centrally above the motorway symbol

2. The motorway number may be shown in brackets

3. The motorway number may be expressed in the form “A 123 (M)” and “(M)” may be placed centrally below “A 123”

7
14

Diagram 2930

Regulations referred to in this column in respect of item 13 cease to apply ahead

“1 mile” may be varied to “½ mile”7
15

Diagram 2931

Regulations referred to in this column in respect of item 13 cease to apply at this point

7
16

Diagram 2932

Entrance to a motorway service area, maintenance compound or similar facility contained within a length of a motorway and indicating that Regulations in force under section 17 of the 1984 Act cease to apply at this point

PART 5Provisions applicable to road markings in Part 6

1.  The information, requirement, restriction or prohibition of a description in column 2 of an item in the sign table in Part 6 must be conveyed by a road marking that is of the size, colour and type shown in the diagram in column 3.

2.  A provision of Part 8 applies to a sign provided for in Part 6 where indicated in column 4 of the table (by reference to a paragraph number in Part 8).

3.  A Schedule 9 General Direction applies to a sign provided for in Part 6 where indicated in column 5 (by reference to a number equivalent to the general direction in Part 9).

4.  Where “longitudinal marking” is mentioned in respect of an item in the table, the expression indicates a marking to be laid on the carriageway of a road longitudinally to the flow of traffic.

PART 6Regulatory road markings

Sign table — Schedule 9, Part 6

(1)

Item

(2)

Description

(3)

Diagram

(4)

Applicable provisions in Part 8

(5)

Schedule 9 General Directions

1

Diagram 1002.1

Vehicular traffic must not proceed beyond the line when required to stop by the stop sign

134
2

Diagram 1022

Approach to a road junction or level crossing at or near which is placed the marking at item 1 of this table and the stop sign

134
3

Diagram 1003A

Vehicular traffic must give way in accordance with the requirements in paragraph 7 of Part 7

1, 133
4

Diagram 1023A

Approach to a road junction, level crossing or road narrowing at or near which is placed the marking in item 3 or 6 of this table

1312
5

Diagram 1003.4

Marking used in conjunction with the sign at item 6 of the sign table in Part 2 for conveying the requirements in paragraph 5 of Part 7

(Alternative sizes)

4, 136
6

Diagram 1003.3

Vehicular traffic approaching a roundabout with a small central island or approaching a junction indicated by the marking shown in item 5 of this sign table should give way at, or immediately beyond, the line to traffic circulating on the carriageway of the roundabout

13
7

Diagram 1049B

Boundary of a mandatory cycle lane or division of a route into that part reserved for pedal cycles and that part reserved for pedestrians conveying the requirements at paragraph 12 of Part 7

(Longitudinal marking)

1, 91
8

Diagram 1049.1

Division of a route into that part reserved for pedal cycles and that part reserved for pedestrians

(Longitudinal marking)

61
9

Diagram 1003B

Cyclists must give way in accordance with the requirements prescribed in paragraph 8 of Part 7

1
10

Diagram 1023B

Approach to a road junction on a cycle lane or track, or a place where cyclists must give way to pedestrians, at or near which is also placed the marking at item 9

14
11

Diagram 1049A

Boundary of a bus lane or other designated lane used by motor vehicles

(Longitudinal marking)

131
12

Diagram 1050

Direction of possible traffic movements at the end of a nearside with-flow bus lane or other designated lane, or where there is an intermediate discontinuation of the lane on the approach to a junction

(alternative types)

1
13

Diagram 1050.1

Direction of possible traffic movements at the end of an off side with-flow bus lane or other designated lane, or where there is an intermediate discontinuation of the lane on the approach to a junction

(alternative types)

1
14

Diagram 1048

Traffic lane reserved for buses and other vehicles as indicated on the sign at item 8 or 10 in the sign table in Part 4

1
15

Diagram 1048.5

Road or part of a road with access permitted only for buses and other vehicles when so indicated by any of the signs at items 10, 33 to 35 and 37 to 40 in the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 3

(Alternative types)

1
16

Diagram 1048.2A

Road or part of a road with access permitted only for tramcars

1
17

Diagram 1046

No entry for vehicular traffic

(Alternative types)

131
18

Diagram 1046.1

Entry by vehicular traffic to a play street restricted

(Alternative types)

131
19

Diagram 1036.1

Vehicular traffic must turn left

(Alternative types)

131
20

Diagram 1036.2

Vehicular traffic must only proceed ahead

(Alternative types)

131
21

Diagram 1037.1

Vehicular traffic must turn right

(Alternative types)

131
22

Diagram 1042

Division of traffic lanes on a length of carriageway, or between the main carriageway and slip road, of a motorway or all-purpose dual carriageway road, or part of the carriageway between two lanes at a roundabout which vehicular traffic must not enter except in emergency

(alternative types)

1, 12, 13, 14
23

Diagram 1013.1

Alternative methods of indicating to vehicular traffic the requirements and the warning in paragraphs 9 and 10 of Part 7

1, 2, 10, 13
24

Diagram 1013.5

Division of traffic lanes on a length indicating to vehicular traffic the requirements in paragraph 9 of Part 7 and used in the circumstances for which the signs at items 17 to 20 in the Part 2 sign table in Schedule 11 are used

1, 2, 11, 13
25

Diagram 1043

Marking conveying the requirements in paragraph 11 of Part 7

1, 59
26

Diagram 1045

Area of carriageway, subject to two-way traffic, at a level crossing which vehicles must not enter in a manner which then causes any part of the vehicle to remain at rest within the marked area due to the presence of stationary vehicles

1, 15
27

Diagram 1045.1

Area of carriageway, subject to one-way traffic, at a level crossing which vehicles must not enter in a manner which then causes any part of the vehicle to remain at rest within the marked area due to the presence of stationary vehicles

1, 16

PART 7The significance of particular signs in Schedule 9

Stop sign

1.  Subject to paragraph 2, the requirements conveyed to vehicular traffic on roads by a stop sign are that—

(a)every vehicle must stop before crossing the transverse line provided for at item 1 of the sign table in Part 6 of this Schedule, or if that line is not clearly visible, before entering the major road in respect of which the stop sign has been provided; and

(b)no vehicle must cross the transverse line, or if that line is not clearly visible, enter the major road in respect of which the stop sign has been provided, so as to be likely to endanger any person, or to cause the driver of another vehicle to change its speed or course in order to avoid an accident.

2.  The requirements conveyed to vehicular traffic on roads by a stop sign when placed at a level crossing are that—

(a)every vehicle must stop before crossing the transverse line, or if that line is not clearly visible, before entering the level crossing; and

(b)no vehicle must cross the transverse line, or if that line is not clearly visible, enter the level crossing so as to be likely to endanger the driver of, or any passenger in, any railway vehicle or tramcar or to cause that driver to change speed in order to avoid an accident.

Give way sign

3.  Subject to paragraph 4, the requirements conveyed to vehicular traffic on roads by a give way sign are that no vehicle is to cross the transverse line provided for at item 3 of the sign table in Part 6 of this Schedule nearer to the major road at the side of which that line is placed, or if that line is not clearly visible, enter that major road, so as to be likely to endanger any person, or to cause the driver of another vehicle to change its speed or course in order to avoid an accident.

4.  The requirements conveyed to vehicular traffic on roads by a give way sign when placed in combination with the sign at item 4 or 5 of the sign table in Part 2 of this Schedule are that no vehicle must cross the transverse line nearer to the level crossing at the side of which that line is placed, or if that line is not clearly visible, enter that level crossing, so as to be likely to endanger the driver of, or any passenger in, any railway vehicle or tramcar or to cause that driver to change the speed of his or her vehicle in order to avoid an accident.

Priority to right sign

5.—(1) The requirements conveyed to vehicular traffic on roads by a sign provided for at item 6 of the sign table in Part 2 of this Schedule are that—

(a)a vehicle entering the junction must give priority to vehicles coming from the right—

(i)at the transverse road marking provided for at item 6 of the sign table in Part 6 of this Schedule;

(ii)at the transverse road marking provided for at item 3 of the sign table in Part 6 of this Schedule; or

(iii)if a marking is not for the time being visible, at the junction;

(b)a vehicle proceeding through the junction must keep to the left of the white circle at the centre of the marking provided for at item 5 of the sign table in Part 6 of this Schedule (“the diagram 1003.4 marking”), unless the size of the vehicle or the layout of the junction makes it impracticable to do so; and

(c)no vehicle is to proceed past the diagram 1003.4 marking in a manner, or at a time, likely to endanger any person, or to cause the driver of another vehicle to change its speed or course in order to avoid an accident.

Permission to cross sign

6.—(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2) the requirements conveyed to vehicular traffic on roads by a sign provided for at item 4 of the sign table in Part 4 of this Schedule are that no abnormal transport unit is to proceed onto or over a level crossing unless—

(a)the driver of the unit has used a telephone provided at or near the crossing for the purpose of obtaining from a person, authorised in that behalf by the railway or tramway authority, permission for the unit to proceed;

(b)that permission has been obtained before the unit proceeds; and

(c)the unit proceeds in accordance with any terms attached to that permission.

(2) Sub-paragraph (1)(b) and (c) does not apply if—

(a)the driver uses the telephone at the crossing and receives an indication for not less than two minutes that the telephone at the other end of the telephone line is being called, but no duly authorised person answers it, or the driver receives no indication at all due to a fault or malfunction of the telephone; and

(b)the driver then drives the unit on to the crossing with the reasonable expectation of crossing it within times specified in a railway or tramway notice at the telephone as being times between which railway vehicles or tramcars do not normally travel over that crossing.

Give way marking

7.  The requirements conveyed to vehicular traffic on roads by a road marking provided for at item 3 of the sign table in Part 6 of this Schedule are—

(a)except as provided in paragraphs (b) to (d), that no vehicle may proceed past the transverse line which is the nearer to the major road into that road in a manner or at a time likely to endanger the driver of, or any passenger in, a vehicle on the major road or to cause the driver of such a vehicle to change its speed or course in order to avoid an accident;

(b)where the transverse lines are placed at a level crossing, that no vehicle may proceed past such one of those lines as is the nearer the level crossing in a manner or at a time likely to endanger the driver of, or any passenger in, a railway vehicle or tramcar, or to cause that driver to change the speed of his or her vehicle in order to avoid an accident;

(c)where the transverse lines are placed in advance of a point in the road where the width of the carriageway narrows significantly, that no vehicle may proceed past such one of those lines as is nearer to the point of narrowing in a manner or at a time likely to endanger the driver of, or any passenger in, a vehicle that is proceeding in the opposite direction to the first-mentioned vehicle, or cause the driver of such a vehicle to change its speed or course in order to avoid an accident;

(d)where the transverse lines are placed in advance of a length of the carriageway of the road where a cycle track crosses the road along a route parallel to the transverse lines, that no vehicle may proceed past such one of those lines as is the nearer the cycle track, in a manner or at a time likely to endanger any cyclist proceeding along the cycle track or to cause such a cyclist to change speed or course in order to avoid an accident.

Cyclists to give way

8.  A cycle must not be ridden across the transverse line provided for at item 9 of the sign table in Part 6 of this Schedule in a manner or at a time that is likely to endanger any person, or to cause the driver of another vehicle to change its speed or course in order to avoid an accident.

No stopping or crossing white line marking

9.—(1) The requirements conveyed to vehicular traffic on roads by a road marking provided for at items 23 and 24 of the sign table in Part 6 of this Schedule are that—

(a)subject to sub-paragraphs (2) to (4), no vehicle is to stop on any length of road along which the marking has been placed at any point between the ends of the marking; and

(b)subject to sub-paragraph (5), every vehicle proceeding on any length of road along which the marking has been so placed, as viewed in the direction of travel of the vehicle, a continuous line is on the left of a broken line or of another continuous line, must be so driven as to keep the first-mentioned continuous line on the right hand or off side of the vehicle.

(2) Nothing in sub-paragraph (1)(a) applies so as to prevent a vehicle stopping on any length of road so long as may be necessary for any of the purposes specified in sub-paragraph (3) if the vehicle cannot be used for such a purpose without stopping on the length of road.

(3) The purposes are—

(a)to enable a person to board or alight from the vehicle,

(b)to enable goods to be loaded on to or to be unloaded from the vehicle,

(c)to enable the vehicle to be used in connection with—

(i)any operation involving building, demolition or excavation;

(ii)the removal of any obstruction to traffic;

(iii)the maintenance, improvement or reconstruction of the length of road; or

(iv)the laying, erection, alteration, repair or cleaning in or near the length of road of any sewer or of any main, pipe or apparatus for the supply of gas, water or electricity, or of any electronic communications apparatus kept installed for the purposes of an electronic communications code system or of any other electronic communications apparatus lawfully kept installed in any position.

(4) Nothing in sub-paragraph (1)(a) applies—

(a)so as to prevent a vehicle stopping in a lay-by;

(b)to a vehicle being used for at least one of the following purposes—

(i)fire and rescue authority;

(ii)Scottish Fire and Rescue Service;

(iii)traffic officer;

(iv)ambulance;

(v)providing a response to an emergency at the request of an NHS ambulance service;

(vi)bomb or explosive disposal;

(vii)special forces;

(viii)police; and

(ix)National Crime Agency.

(c)to a pedal cycle;

(d)to a vehicle stopping in any case where the person in control of the vehicle is required by law to stop, or is obliged to do so in order to avoid an accident, or is prevented from proceeding by circumstances outside the person’s control;

(e)to anything done with the permission or at the direction of a constable in uniform, traffic officer in uniform or in accordance with the direction of a traffic warden; or

(f)to a vehicle on a road with more than one traffic lane in each direction.

(5) Nothing in sub-paragraph (1)(b) is to be taken to prohibit a vehicle from being driven across, or so as to straddle, the continuous line referred to in that paragraph, if it is safe to do so and if necessary to do so—

(a)to enable the vehicle to enter, from the side of the road on which it is proceeding, land or premises adjacent to the length of road on which the line is placed, or another road joining that road;

(b)in order to pass a stationary vehicle;

(c)owing to circumstances outside the control of the driver;

(d)in order to avoid an accident;

(e)in order to pass a road maintenance vehicle which is in use, is moving at a speed not exceeding 10 mph, and is displaying to the rear a sign provided for at item 9 or 10 of the sign table in Part 6 of Schedule 13;

(f)in order to pass a pedal cycle moving at a speed not exceeding 10 mph;

(g)in order to pass a horse that is being ridden or led at a speed not exceeding 10 mph; or

(h)for the purposes of complying with any direction of a constable in uniform, a traffic officer in uniform or a traffic warden.

10.  The warning conveyed to vehicular traffic on roads by the road marking provided for at item 23 of the sign table in Part 6 of this Schedule is that no vehicle while travelling next to a broken line placed on the left of a continuous line, as viewed in the direction of travel of the vehicle, should cross or straddle the first-mentioned line unless it is seen by the driver of the vehicle to be safe to do so.

Box junctions

11.—(1) Subject to sub-paragraphs (2), (3) and (4), the yellow criss-cross marking provided for at item 25 of the sign table in Part 6 conveys the prohibition that a person must not cause a vehicle to enter the box junction so that the vehicle has to stop within the box junction due to the presence of stationary vehicles.

(2) Subject to sub-paragraph (4) the marking when placed as a box junction within sub-paragraph (6)(c) of the definition of that expression conveys the prohibition that a person must not cause a vehicle to enter the box junction so that the vehicle has to stop within the box junction due to the presence of oncoming vehicles or other stationary vehicles beyond the box junction.

(3) The prohibition in sub-paragraph (1) does not, in respect of a box junction within sub-paragraph (6)(a) of the definition of that expression, apply to a person who—

(a)causes a vehicle to enter the box junction for the purpose of turning right; and

(b)stops the vehicle within the box junction for so long as the vehicle is prevented from completing the right turn by an oncoming vehicle or other vehicle which is stationary whilst waiting to complete a right turn.

(4) When a vehicle is being used for at least one of the purposes mentioned at sub-paragraph (5) and the observance of the prohibition in sub-paragraph (1) or (2) would be likely to hinder the use of that vehicle for that purpose, then that prohibition does not apply to the driver of the vehicle.

(5) The purposes are—

(a)fire and rescue authority;

(b)Scottish Fire and Rescue Service;

(c)ambulance;

(d)providing a response to an emergency at the request of an NHS ambulance service;

(e)bomb or explosive disposal;

(f)special forces;

(g)police; and

(h)National Crime Agency.

(6) For the purposes of this paragraph “box junction” means an area of the carriageway where the marking has been placed and which is—

(a)at a junction between two or more roads;

(b)at a gyratory system or roundabout;

(c)along a length of a two-way road (other than at a junction), the carriageway of which is not greater than 4.5 metres wide at its narrowest point; or

(d)on the length of road adjacent to the vehicular entrance to the premises of a fire, police or ambulance station; and

(7) A reference in this paragraph (however expressed) to a vehicle which is stationary or stops within a box junction includes a vehicle which is stationary whilst part of it is within the box junction.

Mandatory with flow cycle lanes

12.—(1) This paragraph applies to the road marking provided for at item 7 of the sign table in Part 6—

(a)when that marking is being used to separate a cycle lane from another part of the carriageway; and

(b)where the direction of travel along the cycle lane and the part of the carriageway from which it is separated is the same.

(2) Subject to sub-paragraphs (3) to (5), the marking conveys the requirement that a vehicle, other than a pedal cycle, must not be driven, or ridden, in the cycle lane during the cycle lane’s hours of operation (which may be all the time).

(3) Sub-paragraph (2) does not prohibit a vehicle from crossing into the part of the carriageway reserved for pedal cycles, or straddling the marking, if it is safe and necessary to do so—

(a)in order to pass a stationary vehicle;

(b)to enable the vehicle to enter, from the side of the road on which it is proceeding, land or premises adjacent to the length of road on which the line is placed, or another road joining that road;

(c)due to circumstances outside the control of the driver;

(d)in order to avoid an accident; or

(e)for the purpose of complying with any direction of a constable in uniform or a traffic warden.

(4) When a vehicle is being used for at least one of the purposes mentioned at sub-paragraph (5) and the observance of the prohibition in sub-paragraph (2) would be likely to hinder the use of the vehicle for that purpose, then that prohibition does not apply to the driver of the vehicle.

(5) The purposes are—

(a)fire and rescue authority;

(b)Scottish Fire and Rescue Service;

(c)ambulance;

(d)providing a response to an emergency at the request of an NHS ambulance service;

(e)bomb or explosive disposal;

(f)special forces;

(g)police; and

(h)National Crime Agency.

PART 8Provisions applicable to signs in Parts 2, 4 and 6

1.—(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2), section 36 of the 1988 Act applies to the sign.

(2) Sub-paragraph (1) applies to the sign provided for at item 7 of the Part 6 sign table only where that marking is used to indicate the boundary of a mandatory with‑flow cycle lane during the cycle lane’s hours of operation (which may be all the time).

2.  The sign is specified for the purposes of column 5 of the entry in Schedule 2 to the Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988(81) relating to offences under section 36 of the 1988 Act.

3.  Where the sign is placed temporarily on a road by a constable or person acting under the instructions (whether general or specific) to the chief officer of police for the purposes of indicating a temporary statutory provision, the diameter may be reduced to not less than 200 mm.

4.  The central part of the road marking must not project above the surface of the adjacent carriageway more than 125 mm at its highest point or 6 mm at its perimeter.

5.—(1) The overall shape and size of the road marking, within the overall dimensions shown, may be varied as appropriate.

(2) Parts of a boundary line may be omitted when the edge of the marking is adjacent to a raised kerb.

(3) Parts of the marking may be omitted where tram rails cross the marking.

(4) Parts of the marking may be omitted to indicate the edge of the path taken by a tramcar and, where parts of the marking are so omitted, the remaining parts must be bounded by a continuous yellow line.

6.  The height of the marking above the surface of the adjacent carriageway must be within the range of dimensions indicated on the lower part of the diagram at item 8 of Part 6 in illustrating the cross-section of the marking.

7.—(1) Subject to sub paragraph (2), where the sign is placed on a road subject to a speed limit greater than 20 mph and is within 50 metres of any lamp which forms part of a system of street-lighting, the illumination requirements are—

(a)where that system of street-lighting is illuminated throughout the hours of darkness, the sign must be illuminated by internal or external lighting for so long as that system is illuminated and may also be reflectorised; or

(b)where that system of street-lighting is not illuminated throughout the hours of darkness–

(i)the sign must be illuminated by internal or external lighting for so long as that system is illuminated and must also be reflectorised; or

(ii)the sign must be illuminated throughout the hours of darkness by internal or external lighting and may also be reflectorised.

(2) Sub paragraph (1) applies to the sign at item 5 of the Part 4 table only when placed within 50 metres of any junction with another road from which traffic can approach it.

8.  The sign need not be illuminated.

9.  The road marking must be reflectorised where indicating the boundary of a mandatory cycle lane.

10.—(1) When the road marking is used, studs must also be placed.

(2) The studs must incorporate—

(a)white reflectors;

(b)white retroreflecting material;

(c)a light source that emits, during the hours of darkness, a steady white light; or

(d)any combination.

(3) In the case of the markings shown in parts A and C of the diagram, the studs must be fitted as a single line between the continuous line and the non-continuous line of the marking and be spaced not less than 3 metres nor more than 4.5 metres apart.

(4) In the case of the marking shown in in part B of the diagram, the studs must be fitted either in opposite pairs within the width of each of the two lines that run longitudinally to the flow of traffic or as a single line between those lines and in either case the studs must be placed not less than 3 metres nor more than 4.5 metres from the nest stud in the line.

(5) In the case of the marking shown in part D of the diagram, the studs must form a single line between the continuous line and the non-continuous line of the marking and be spaced not less than 3 metres nor more than 4.5 metres apart and the direction of the line of studs is not to be changed by reason of the switching of the continuous and non-continuous lines of the marking as shown in the diagram at that part.

(6) The external part of the stud that is visible when the stud is in place must be—

(a)white;

(b)of a natural metallic finish;

(c)of another neutral colour; or

(d)clear,

or any combination (but see sub-paragraph (7) for an exception).

(7) The external part of a stud that is visible when the stud is in place temporarily during road works must be fluorescent green-yellow except to the extent—

(a)it consists of white reflectors or retroreflecting material; or

(b)it is necessary for it to be a different colour or clear in order for the stud to emit white light.

11.—(1) When the marking is used, studs must also be placed.

(2) The studs must incorporate—

(a)white reflectors;

(b)white retroreflecting material; or

(c)a light source that emits, during the hours of darkness, a steady white light,

or any combination.

(3) The studs must be fitted in opposite pairs within the width of each of the two lines that run longitudinally to the flow of traffic and the studs must be placed not less than 3 metres nor more than 4.5 metres apart.

(4) The external part of the stud that is visible when the stud is in place must be—

(a)white;

(b)of a natural metallic finish;

(c)of another neutral colour; or

(d)clear,

or any combination (but see sub-paragraph (5) for an exception).

(5) The external part of a stud that is visible when the stud is in place temporarily during road works must be fluorescent green-yellow except to the extent—

(a)it consists of white reflectors or retroreflecting material; or

(b)it is necessary for it to be a different colour or clear in order for the stud to emit white light.

12.—(1) When the marking is used, studs may also be placed.

(2) The studs must incorporate—

(a)red reflectors;

(b)red retroreflecting material; or

(c)a light source that emits, during the hours of darkness, a steady red light,

or any combination.

(3) The studs must be fitted at the side of, and adjacent to the solid line forming the boundary of the marking.

(4) The external part of the stud that is visible when the stud is in place must be—

(a)red

(b)white;

(c)of a natural metallic finish;

(d)of another neutral colour; or

(e)clear,

or any combination (but see sub-paragraph (5) for an exception).

(5) The external part of a stud that is visible when the stud is in place temporarily during road works must be fluorescent green-yellow except to the extent—

(a)it consists of red reflectors or retroreflecting material; or

(b)it is necessary for it to be a different colour or clear in order for the stud to emit red light.

13.  The road marking must be reflectorised.

14.  The road marking may, except at a roundabout, be varied by replacing the boundary line with the marking at item 12 or 13 of the sign table in Part 4 of Schedule 11.

15.  The road marking may be varied as follows—

(a)the pattern of diagonal lines on each side of the level crossing may be extended longitudinally within the limit of the marking by increasing the number of diamond shapes on the approach side and the number of diagonal crosses on the leaving side; and

(b)parts of the marking may be omitted to accommodate the road markings at—

(i)diagram A of item 23 in the Part 6 sign table; or

(ii)item 2 or 3 of the sign table in Part 4 of Schedule 11.

16.  The road marking may be varied as follows—

(a)the pattern of diagonal lines on each side of the level crossing may be extended longitudinally within the limit of the marking by increasing the number of diamond shapes on the approach side and the number of diagonal crosses on the leaving side; and

(b)parts of the marking may be omitted to accommodate the road markings at item 2 or 3 of the sign table in Part 4 of Schedule 11.

PART 9The Schedule 9 General Directions

1.—(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2), the sign must only be placed to indicate the effect of an Act, order, regulation, bylaw, resolution or notice which prohibits or restricts the use of the road by traffic.

(2) Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply to the sign provided for at item 7 of the Part 6 sign table where the sign is used to indicate the boundary of a mandatory with-flow cycle lane.

2.  The sign must only be placed to indicate the effect of a statutory provision which restricts the use of the road carried by a bridge or other structure—

(a)in the case of vehicles required to be marked with their maximum gross weight, to any vehicle with a maximum gross weight not exceeding that indicated on the sign; or

(b)in the case of vehicles not required to be marked with their maximum gross weight but required to be marked with their unladen weight, to any vehicle with an unladen weight not exceeding the gross weight indicated on the sign.

3.  The sign may only be placed at a junction with another road if the same sign has not been placed on the other road so as to control traffic passing through the junction on that other road.

4.—(1) The stop sign must only be placed in conjunction with the road markings at items 1 (“the diagram 1002.1 marking”) and 2 (“the diagram 1022 marking”) of the sign table in Part 6.

(2) The diagram 1002.1 marking must only be placed in conjunction with the stop sign and the diagram 1022 marking.

(3) The diagram 1022 marking must only be placed in conjunction with the stop sign and the diagram 1002.1 marking.

5.  The sign provided for at item 2 of the sign table in Part 2 must only be placed in conjunction with the road markings at items 3 and 4 of the sign table in Part 6.

6.—(1) The sign provided for at item 6 in the sign table in Part 2 must only be placed in conjunction with—

(a)the road markings provided for at item 5 and 6 of the sign table in Part 6; or

(b)the road markings shown in that sign table at items 3, 4 and 5 where the sign is placed in conjunction with the sign at item 2 in the sign table in Part 2.

(2) The road marking provided for at item 5 of the sign table in Part 6 must only be placed in conjunction with the sign at item 6 of the sign table in Part 2.

7.  The sign must only be placed in conjunction with a sign at item 28, 29, 30, 31 and 32 of the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 2.

8.—(1) The requirement in paragraph 4, 5 or 6 to place a relevant upright sign in conjunction with a relevant marking does not apply during the execution of works if—

(a)those works necessitate the temporary removal of the marking; or

(b)the sign is placed only temporarily in connection with the execution of works on a road.

(2) For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1) “relevant upright sign” and “relevant marking” mean—

(a)in the case of paragraph 4, the sign and marking referred to in that paragraph;

(b)in the case of paragraph 5, the sign and marking referred to in that paragraph; and

(c)in the case of paragraph 6, the sign and marking referred to in that paragraph.

9.  The road marking must not be placed on an area of carriageway at a gyratory system or roundabout unless entry of traffic into that area of carriageway is at all times controlled by traffic light signals.

10.  The sign must only be placed in combination with the sign at item 1 or 2 of the sign table in Part 2.

11.  The sign must only be placed in combination with the sign at item 2 of the sign table in Part 2.

12.  The road marking must only be placed in conjunction with the road marking at item 3 or 6 of the sign table in Part 6.

13.  The back of the sign may be of any colour.

14.  The road marking may only be placed in conjunction with the road marking at item 9 of the sign table in Part 6.

Regulation 3, Direction 3

SCHEDULE 10Signs for speed limits

PART 1Provisions applying to signs in Part 2

1.  Information or a restriction of a description in column 2 of an item in the Part 2 sign table must be conveyed by a sign which—

(a)is of the colour and type; and

(b)complies with the requirements as to size,

shown in the diagram in column 3 of the item, or that diagram as varied in accordance with column 4.

2.  A provision of Part 3 applies to a sign provided for in the Part 2 sign table where indicated in column 5 of that table (by reference to a paragraph number in Part 3).

3.  A Schedule 10 General Direction applies to a sign where indicated in column 6 of the Part 2 sign table (by reference to a number equivalent to the Schedule 10 General Direction in Part 4).

PART 2Signs and road markings indicating speed limits

Sign table — Schedule 10, Part 2

(1)

Item

(2)

Description

(3)

Diagram

(4)

Permitted variants

(5)

Applicable provision in Part 3

(6)

Schedule 10 General Directions

1

Diagram 670

Maximum speed limit in mph

1. The numerals may be varied

2. The diameter of the sign may be varied to 1300 mm when displayed as a variable message sign by means of light emitting characters and symbols

1, 2, 32, 4, 6
2

Diagram 671

National speed limits apply

2, 33, 4
3

Diagram 672

Minimum speed limit in mph

The numerals may be varied2, 34
4

Diagram 673

End of minimum speed limit

The numerals may be varied2, 34
5

Diagram 674

Entrance to a zone where a maximum speed limit of 20 mph is in force

1. The place name may be varied, omitted or varied to a road safety slogan

2. The symbol or pictogram in the lower panel may be varied or omitted

3. The place name may be in any style of lettering. Any contrasting colours except red may be used for the place name and the background of that part of the sign. Advertising material or political slogans must not be included on the sign

4 The lower panel may be omitted

31, 4
6

Diagram 675A

End of a 20 mph speed limit zone with indication of maximum speed limit in mph

The numerals in the upper panel may be varied34
7

Diagram 675B

End of a 20 mph speed limit zone with indication that national speed limits apply

34
8

Diagram 676

Entrance to a zone

where a maximum

speed limit of 40 mph is in force

2, 34
9

Diagram 1065

Road marking indicating the maximum speed limit

(Alternative sizes)

The numerals may be varied42, 4(a), 5

PART 3Provisions applying to signs in Part 2

1.  Where the sign is a variable message sign which displays the numeral by means of light-emitting characters or symbols in such a way that the sign is only visible when associated equipment detects the presence of a vehicle exceeding the speed limit indicated by the sign, the variable message sign may display, beneath the sign displayed on it, the legend “SLOW DOWN” in characters having a height not less than one quarter of the height of the displayed sign.

2.  Where the sign is a terminal sign and is erected on a trunk or principal road within 50 metres of any lamp lit by electricity that has been placed there in order to provide illumination to users of the road, the illumination requirements for the sign are—

(a)where the lamp is illuminated throughout the hours of darkness, the sign must be illuminated by internal or external lighting for so long as the lamp is illuminated and may also be reflectorised; or

(b)where the lamp is not illuminated throughout the hours of darkness–—

(i)the sign must be illuminated by internal or external lighting for so long as the lamp is illuminated and must also be reflectorised; or

(ii)the sign must be illuminated throughout the hours of darkness by internal or external lighting and may also be reflectorised.

3.  Two or more signs placed at, or near, the same point for the same purpose must, if they are terminal signs, be illuminated by the same method.

4.  The road marking must be reflectorised.

PART 4The Schedule 10 General Directions

1.—(1) The sign provided for at item 5 of the sign table in Part 2 (“the diagram 674 sign”) may only be placed where no part of the road to which the speed limit applies is more than 50 metres from a traffic calming feature.

(2) The restriction in sub-paragraph (1) does not apply in respect of a road which is a cul-de-sac that is less than 80 metres long.

(3) Each of the following is a traffic calming feature—

(a)a road hump constructed pursuant to section 90A of the Highways Act 1980(82) (“the 1980 Act”) or section 36 of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984(83) and in accordance with the Highways (Road Humps) Regulations 1999(84) or the Road Humps (Scotland) Regulations 1998(85);

(b)traffic calming works constructed in accordance with section 90G of the 1980 Act(86) or section 39A of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984(87) and in accordance with the Highways (Traffic Calming) Regulations 1999(88) or the Roads (Traffic Calming) (Scotland) Regulations 1994(89);

(c)a refuge for pedestrians which was constructed pursuant to section 68 of the 1980 Act, or section 27(c) of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984, after 15th June 1999 and is constructed so as to encourage a reduction in the speed of traffic using the carriageway;

(d)a variation of the relative widths of the carriageway or of any footway pursuant to section 75 of the 1980 Act, or section 1(1) or 2(1) of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984, which—

(i)was carried out after 15th June 1999 for the purpose of encouraging a reduction in the speed of traffic using the carriageway; and

(ii)had the effect of reducing the width of the carriageway;

(e)a horizontal bend in the carriageway through which all vehicular traffic has to change direction by no less than 70 degrees within a distance of 32 metres as measured at the inner kerb radius;

(f)a sign provided for at item 1 of the Part 2 sign table varied to “20”; or

(g)a road marking provided for at item 9 of that table varied to “20”.

(4) At least one traffic calming feature as defined in paragraph (2)(a) to (e) must be placed within the zone indicated by the diagram 674 sign.

(5) For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1), the distance of 50 metres is to be measured along roads to which the speed limit indicated by the diagram 674 sign applies.

2.  The sign must not be placed as a repeater sign where the road is subject to a maximum speed limit of 30 mph and has a system of carriageway lighting.

3.  The sign must not be placed as a repeater sign—

(a)on a motorway; or

(b)where a road, other than a motorway, does not have a system of carriageway lighting.

4.  The sign—

(a)must only be placed to indicate the effect of an Act, order, regulation, bylaw, resolution or notice which restricts the use of the road by traffic; and

(b)when placed as a terminal sign, must be placed as near as practicable to the point that the speed limit begins or ends.

5.  If the road marking is placed to indicate where a maximum speed limit commences, it must be placed in conjunction with an upright sign provided for at item 1, 5, 6 or 8 of the Part 2 sign table.

6.—(1) Sub-paragraph (2) applies where the backing board for the sign is yellow.

(2) When placed on the same backing board as the sign provided for at item 81 of the sign table in Part 2 of Schedule 11, the backing board may be of any shape.

Regulation 3, Direction 3

SCHEDULE 11Signs that give information, are advisory or guide traffic

PART 1Provisions applying to signs in Part 2

1.  Except for item 75, a warning or information of a description in column 2 of an item in the Part 2 sign table must be conveyed by a sign which is—

(a)of the colour and type; and

(b)complies with the requirements as to size,

shown in the diagram in column 3 of the item, or that diagram as varied in accordance with column 4 (by reference to paragraphs in Part 5).

2.  In respect of item 75 (traffic mirror), the mirror must be as specified in column 3.

3.  A paragraph of Part 6, specified by reference to a number in column 5 of an item in the Part 2 sign table, applies to the sign provided for at that item.

4.  A number in column 6 of an item in the Part 2 sign table indicates that the Schedule 11 General Direction bearing that number applies to the sign provided for at that item.

PART 2Advisory signs

Sign table — Schedule 11, Part 2

(1)

Item

(2)

Description

(3)

Diagram

(4)

Variants by reference to Part 5

(5)

Applicable provisions in Part 6

(6)

Schedule 11 General Directions

1

Diagram 811A and 811B

Beginning and end of section of road where traffic has priority over vehicles from the opposite direction

1, 2
2

Diagram 810

One-way traffic

(Sign for pedestrians)

(Alternative types)

5
3

Diagrams 814.2 and 814.4

Ramped access to or from a pedestrian subway or overbridge

1, 2, 4, 5, 545
4

Diagrams 814.1 and 814.3

Stepped access to and from a pedestrian subway or overbridge

45
5

Diagram 816

No through road for vehicular traffic

(Alternative types)

6

Diagram 816.1

Alternative to the sign shown at item 5 with a street nameplate

75
7

Diagram 817

No through road for vehicular traffic in direction indicated from junction ahead

(Alternative types)

6
8

Diagram 821

Road ahead only wide enough for one line of vehicles, and providing information about passing places

(Alternative types)

1
9

Diagram 822

Passing place on narrow road

10

Diagrams 892 and 893

Name and length of a tunnel on a motorway (892) or all‑purpose road (893)

8
11

Diagram 818.1

Section of dual carriageway road ahead

1, 2
12

Diagram 818.1A

Distance over which a short length of dual carriageway road beginning directly ahead extends

(Alternative types)

13

Diagram 820.1

Absence of hard shoulder for the distance shown

(Alternative types)

1
14

Diagrams 873 and 874

Additional traffic joining from the left or right ahead (diagram shows blue background – for use on motorways)

1, 2, 6, 26, 27
15

Diagram 872.1

The number of traffic lanes reduces ahead

(diagram shows blue background – for use on motorways)

(Alternative types)

1, 2, 6, 26, 27
16

Diagram 887

Overtaking lane ahead

1, 2
17

Diagram 888

Indication of length of road over which an overtaking lane is available on a single carriageway road, with a single traffic lane in the opposite direction

(diagram shows green background – for use on primary routes)

1, 27
18

Diagram 889

Indication that only one lane of traffic, with no overtaking, is available on a single carriageway road with two traffic lanes in the opposite direction (diagram shows green background – for use on primary routes)

27
19

Diagram 890

Distance ahead to a point where an overtaking lane ends on a single carriageway road (diagram shows green background – for use on primary routes)

1, 2, 27
20

Diagram 891

Distance ahead to a point where an overtaking lane ends on a single carriageway road on the approach to a dual carriageway road with only one traffic lane in each direction

(diagram shows green background – for use on primary routes)

1, 2, 27
21

Diagrams 823, 824 and 825

Distance in hundreds of yards to a roundabout or the next point at which traffic may leave a route (diagram shows blue background – for use on motorways)

4, 26, 27
22

Diagram 877

Appropriate traffic lanes for different manoeuvres at a junction ahead

(diagram shows white background – for use on non-primary routes)

(Alternative types)

9, 26, 28
23

Diagram 820

Route unsuitable for type of vehicle indicated

(Alternative types)

5(1)
24

Diagram 820A

Road unsuitable for heavy goods vehicles

(Alternative types)

4, 5(1)
25

Diagram 829.5

Area where police carry out checks on the speed of vehicles

26

Diagram 829.6

Waiting place for police or authorised vehicles only

(Alternative types)

27

Diagram 881

Start of a home zone designated under section 268 of the Transport Act 2000(90), or section 74(1) of the Transport (Scotland) Act 2001(91)

24
28

Diagram 882

End of a home zone indicated by the sign at item 27

29

Diagram 886

Road ahead where motorists, cyclists and pedestrians should expect to share the same space

30

Diagram 884

Start of a quiet lane in England designated under section 268 of the Transport Act 2000

24
31

Diagram 885

End of designated quiet lane in England

32

Diagram 883

Indication of the start of area with traffic calming features (within the meaning of paragraph 1(3) of the Schedule 10 General Directions)

1, 5(1), 24
33

Diagram 953.3

Entrance to a bus station, depot or garage

5
34

Diagram 962

Bus lane or lanes on a road at junction ahead, with indication of times of operation

(Alternative types)

10
35

Diagram 962.1

Cycle lane on a road at junction ahead or cycle track crossing road, with indication of times of operation

4, 10, 12
36

Diagram 962.2

Contraflow bus lane ahead on a road at a junction which pedal cycles may also use

(Alternative types)

37

Diagram 958

With-flow bus lane ahead which authorised vehicles, solo motor cycles, pedal cycles and taxis may also use, with indication of times of operation

10, 11, 13, 14
38

Diagram 958.1

With-flow mandatory cycle lane ahead, with indication of times of operation

10, 14
39

Diagram 2602.2

Numbered route for pedal cycles forming part of a regional (blue number patch) or national (red number patch) cycle route network

(Alternative types)

255
40

Diagram 963

Direction in which pedestrians should look for approaching traffic when crossing a bus lane

(Alternative types)

5
41

Diagram 963.1

Direction in which pedestrians should look for approaching pedal cycles when crossing a cycle lane

(Alternative types)

155
42

Diagram 963.2

Direction in which pedestrians should look for approaching traffic when crossing a contraflow bus lane which pedal cycles may also use

(Alternative types)

5
43

Diagram 963.3

Direction in which pedestrians should look for approaching tramcars when crossing a tramway

(Alternative types)

5
44

Diagram 967

Route recommended for pedal cycles on the main carriageway of a road

5
45

Diagram 965

End of cycle lane, track or route

5
46

Diagram 966

Pedal cyclists to rejoin main carriageway or dismount at the end of, or at a break in, a cycle track or route

(Alternative types)

5
47

Diagram 968 and 968.1

Parking place for pedal cycles

5
48

Diagram 857.1

Information relating to a taxi rank for the number of taxis specified

165
49

Diagram 2934

Drivers should keep or check their distance from the vehicle in front

(Alternative types)

50

Diagram 2933

Drivers should keep a distance of two chevron markings (the markings provided for at item 34 of the table in Part 4) from the vehicle in front

51

Diagrams 2032 and 2130

Primary route (2032) or non‑primary route (2130) forming part of a ring road

52

Diagram 972

Stopping place for buses used for carrying tourists to allow passengers to take photographs

17, 3452
53

Diagram 857A

Information for pedestrians about tourist destinations and leisure facilities in a nearby place or area

18, 195
54

Diagram 857B

Information for pedestrians about tourist destinations and leisure facilities in a nearby place or area

185
55

Diagram 2501

Distance to a parking place ahead

1, 5(1)
56

Diagram 801

Parking place

57

Diagram 2713.1

Distance ahead to emergency telephone in a parking place or emergency lay‑by

(Alternative types)

1, 2, 5
58

Diagram 2713

Direction to nearest emergency telephone on same side of the road(diagram shows blue background – for use on motorways)

(Alternative types)

535
59

Diagram 2714

Side of emergency telephone box

(Alternative types)

29, 552, 6
60

Diagram 2715

Back of emergency telephone box

(Alternative types)

29, 552, 6
61

Diagram 2718

Route number and location reference

29
62

Diagram 2712

Location of fire rendezvous point

(Alternative types)

205
63

Diagram 878

Area in which enforcement cameras are in use

(Alternative types)

21
64

Diagram 880

Speed camera ahead on a lit road and reminder of 30 mph speed limit

21(2)
65

Diagram 880.1

Speed camera ahead on an unlit road and reminder that a national speed limit applies

21(2)
66

Diagrams 827.1, 827.2 and 827.3

Hospital ahead

22
67

Diagram 775

Vehicular traffic must not stop within the area of a railway or tramway level crossing

68

Diagram 783

Drivers of long low, large or slow vehicles must telephone to obtain permission before using a railway or tramway level crossing

(Alternative types)

69

Diagram 785.1

Name of level crossing and details of telephone number for contacting railway or tramway operator

23
70

Diagram 786

Place where large, slow or long low vehicles should wait near a railway or tramway level crossing while the driver obtains permission by telephone to cross or confirms he or she has crossed

(Alternative types)

56
71

Diagram 787

Site of telephone or emergency telephone at or near a railway or tramway level crossing

(Alternative types)

72

Diagram 788

Direction to telephone or emergency telephone at or near a railway or tramway level crossing

(Alternative types)

73

Diagram 611

Vehicular traffic may reach the same destination by proceeding either side of the sign

1, 41
74

Diagrams 833, 834, 835 and 836

Signs regulating the movement of vehicular traffic into and out of premises with more than one access to a road

5
75Traffic mirror for providing additional visibility (not for use with traffic signals)The mirror must be convex and any frame must be of a single colour, being black, grey, yellow or white13
76

Diagram 970

Stopping place for buses

30, 31, 3452
77

Diagrams 973.2 and 973.3

Stopping place for buses operated by or on behalf of, or under agreement with, Transport for London

30, 32, 3452
78

Diagram 971

Stopping place for tramcars

30, 33, 3452
79

Diagram 2928

Motorway sign indicating the boundary of an administrative area, a ceremonial area or an historic county area

(Alternative types)

35
80

Diagram 2401

Primary or non‑primary route sign indicating the boundary of an administrative area, a ceremonial area or an historic county area

30, 365
81

Diagram 2402.1

Primary or non‑primary route sign indicating the name of a city, town or village commencing immediately ahead

(Alternative types)

3753
82

Diagram 2403.1

Primary or non-primary route sign indicating the name of a city, town or village immediately ahead, together with extra local information

30, 3854
83

Diagram 2404

Primary or non-primary route sign indicating the name of a city, town, village, an administrative area, a ceremonial area or an historic county area immediately ahead, together with phrase and image that is representative of the city, town, village or area

3954
84

Diagram 976

Maximum speed limit for tramcars in kilometres per hour

405
85

Diagram 864.2

Vehicle testing station approved by the Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency

585
86

Diagram 865

Motor cycle test centre

5

PART 3Provisions applicable to markings in Part 4

1.  The warning or information of a description in column 2 of an item in the Part 4 sign table must be conveyed by road markings that are—

(a)of the colour and type; and

(b)comply with the requirements as to size,

shown in the diagram in the same column of the item, or that diagram as varied in accordance with column 3 (by reference to paragraphs in Part 5).

2.  A provision of Part 6 mentioned (by reference to paragraph number) in column 4 of an item in the Part 4 sign table applies to the marking provided for at that item.

3.  A reference to a “longitudinal marking” is to a marking placed on the carriageway of a road longitudinally to the flow of traffic.

PART 4Advisory road markings

Sign table — Schedule 11, Part 4

(1)

Item

(2)

Description and diagram

(3)

Permitted or required variants in Part 5

(4)

Requirements applicable in Part 6

1

Diagram 1003.1

Vehicular traffic approaching a roundabout should give way at or immediately beyond the line to vehicular traffic circulating on the carriageway of the roundabout

7
2

Diagram 1004

Vehicular traffic should not cross or straddle the line unless it is safe to do so and when the line is used to indicate a cycle lane, motor vehicles should not enter that lane unless it is clear of pedal cycles

(Longitudinal marking)

577, 8, 10, 12
3

Diagram 1004.1

Vehicular traffic should not cross or straddle the line unless it is safe to do so and when the line is used to indicate a cycle lane, motor vehicles should not enter that lane unless it is clear of pedal cycles

(Longitudinal marking)

7, 8, 10, 12
4

Diagram 1005

Division of carriageway into traffic lanes on part of the carriageway where vehicles normally proceed in the same direction other than at places where the marking at item 2 of this table is used

(Longitudinal marking)

7, 8, 10, 12
5

Diagram 1005.1

As the marking at item 4 other than at places where the marking at item 3 is used

(Longitudinal marking)

7, 8, 10, 12
6

Diagram 1008

Division between opposing flows of traffic on a carriageway other than at places where the marking at item 2 is used

(Longitudinal marking)

577, 8, 10, 12
7

Diagram 1008.1

Division between opposing flows of traffic on a carriageway other than at places where the marking at item 3 is used

(Longitudinal marking)

7, 8, 10, 12
8

Diagram 1009A

Edge of the carriageway at a road junction, exit from a private drive onto a public road, or the start of a cycle lane

(Longitudinal marking)

7
9

Diagram 1009B

Edge of the carriageway at a junction of a cycle track and another road

(Longitudinal marking)

10

Diagram 1010

(a) edge of the carriageway at a road junction or a lay-by, or at an exit from a private drive onto a public road;

(b) the start of a traffic lane, the boundary of which is indicated by the road marking shown at item 11 of the table in Part 6 of Schedule 9;

(c) when used in conjunction with the road marking at item 4 of the sign table in Part 4 of Schedule 2, the most suitable path to be taken by high vehicles under a low bridge or to avoid an overhanging structure;

(d) when laid alongside rails used by tramcars, the edge of the part of the carriageway used by the tramcars;

(e) the division between the main carriageway and a traffic lane which leaves the main carriageway at a junction ahead;

(f) the boundary between the main carriageway and either a diverging or merging traffic lane at a road junction;

(g) the boundary between an emergency refuge area and either an actively managed hard shoulder or the edge of carriageway of a motorway; or

(h) the division between the main carriageway and a cycle lane through a junction

(Longitudinal marking)

417, 8, 11, 12
11

Diagram 1012.1

(a) edge of the carriageway available for through traffic other than at a road junction, an exit from a private drive onto a public road, lay-by or emergency refuge area;

(b) the back edge of a hard shoulder;

(c) the edge of a footway where it passes over a railway or tramway level crossing; or

(d) the boundary between the carriageway of a motorway and an actively managed hard shoulder

(Longitudinal marking)

7, 9, 11, 12
12

Diagram 1012.2

(a) edge of carriageway of a motorway other than at an emergency refuge area or a junction with a slip road; or

(b) the back edge of an actively managed hard shoulder;

and, in both cases, incorporating an audible and tactile warning

(Longitudinal marking)

423, 7, 9, 11, 12
13

Diagram 1012.3

Edge of carriageway of a road that is not a motorway and which has hard strips or hard shoulders, other than at a junction with a slip road, and incorporating an audible and tactile warning

(Longitudinal marking)

433, 7, 9, 11, 12
14

Diagram 1014

(a) Direction in which vehicular traffic should pass a road marking shown at item 7, 11 or 23 of the sign table in Part 6 of Schedule 9 or at item 23, 24 or 25 of the sign table in Part 4 of this Schedule;

(b) obstruction on the carriageway ahead;

(c) reduction in the number to traffic lanes in the carriageway ahead; or

(d) path to be taken by vehicular traffic to avoid a route available for tramcars only

(Longitudinal marking)

(Alternative types)

7
15

Diagram 1024

Vehicular traffic should proceed with caution because of potential danger ahead

7
16

Diagram 1026

Part of the carriageway which should be kept clear of stationary vehicles

(Alternative types)

17

Diagram 1026.1

Part of the carriageway outside a vehicular entrance to adjacent premises or a private drive, or where the kerb is dropped to provide a convenient crossing place for pedestrians, which should be kept clear of waiting vehicles

18

Diagram 1029

Direction in which pedestrians should look for approaching traffic

44
19

Diagram 1035

Appropriate traffic lanes for different destinations

(Alternative types)

45
20

Diagram 1038

Appropriate traffic lanes for different manoeuvres

(Longitudinal marking)

(Alternative types)

21

Diagram 1038.1

Appropriate direction to be taken by traffic turning within a junction

(Alternative types)

46
22

Diagram 1039

Place where traffic streams divide or bifurcate

(Longitudinal marking)

(Alternative types)

7
23

Diagram 1040

Part of the carriageway which vehicular traffic should not enter unless it is seen by the driver to be safe to do so

(Alternative types)

477, 8, 10, 12
24

Diagram 1040.3

Reduction in the number of lanes, or area not available to traffic, on the main carriageway or slip road of a motorway or all-purpose dual carriageway road

487, 8, 11, 12
25

Diagram 1040.4

Part of the carriageway adjacent to the edge which vehicular traffic should not enter unless it is seen by the driver to be safe to do so

497, 8, 11, 12
26

Diagram 1040.5

End of a hard shoulder

507, 8, 11, 12
27

Diagram 1041

Part of the carriageway where vehicular traffic passes in the same direction on both sides of the marking, and should not enter the area covered by the marking unless it is seen by the driver to be safe to do so

(Alternative types)

517, 8, 11, 12
28

Diagram 1057

Cycle lane, track or route

(Alternative types)

29

Diagram 1057.1

Number of a cycle route

(Alternative types)

29
30

Diagram 1058

End of a cycle lane, track or route

31

Diagram 1058.1

Pedal cycles should proceed with caution because of potential danger ahead

32

Diagram 1059

Directions in which pedal cycles should travel along a cycle lane, track or route

(Alternative types)

33

Diagram 1062

Road hump

7
34

Diagram 1064

Marking used in conjunction with the sign shown at item 50 of the sign table in Part 2

7
35

Diagram 1067

Transverse yellow bar markings for use only on approaches to roundabouts on motorways and dual carriageway roads subject to the national speed limit, either on the main carriageway or on an exit slip road

5214, 15
36

Diagram 1066

Edge of part of the road used by tramcars

(Longitudinal marking)

PART 5Permitted variants of the signs in Parts 2 and 4

1.  A distance may be added or varied, but, in relation to the signs provided for at items 11 and 16 in the Part 2 sign table, the distance must not exceed two miles.

2.  The distance may be omitted and, if shown in a separate panel on the sign with no other legend, the panel must be omitted.

3.  The distance may be replaced by an arrow pointing horizontally to the left or to the right.

4.  The symbol, or all symbols together, may be reversed in a mirror image.

5.—(1) An arrow pointing horizontally to the left or to the right may be added or reversed.

(2) The arrow may be omitted.

6.  Symbols and arrows indicating the road layout may be varied.

7.  The blue panel need not extend to the edge of the nameplate and the black border may be omitted.

8.  The name of the tunnel and the indication of the length may be varied.

9.  The legend “Except buses” may be omitted or varied to “Bus lane”, “Except cycles” or “Except buses & cycles”; the number of lanes may be varied and any arrow may indicate two directions and point horizontally to the left and ahead, horizontally to the right and ahead or horizontally to the left and to the right.

10.  The time period may be varied in accordance with Part 1 of Schedule 18, or omitted and where the times are shown in a separate panel on the sign, the panel must be omitted when the times are so omitted.

11.  The local bus symbol may be varied to the bus symbol shown at item 40 of the sign table in Part 2 of this Schedule.

12.  The permitted variants are—

(a)the arrow and cycle symbol may be reversed (if both are reversed);

(b)“lane” may be varied to “track” in which case the arrow may be omitted and the symbol reversed;

(c)“lane” may be varied to “lanes” or “tracks” in which case the arrow must be omitted and the cycle symbol reversed.

13.  “Authorised vehicles” and symbols, other than the bus symbol, may be omitted as appropriate.

14.  The continuous line and the broken line may be varied to accord with the layout of the road markings—

(a)at item 10 of the sign table in Part 4 of this Schedule and item 11 of the sign table in Part 6 of Schedule 9 when placed to indicate the extent of a bus lane; or

(b)at item 8 of the sign table in Part 4 of this Schedule and item 7 of the sign table in Part 6 of Schedule 9 when placed to indicate the extent of a cycle lane.

15.  The words “LANE” and “LANES” may be varied to “TRACK”.

16.  The number of taxis may be varied as appropriate and information relating to the taxi services from that rank may be shown in the white space in lettering of any colour with letter height not exceeding 25 mm, or the white space may be omitted.

17.  The time period may be omitted or varied in accordance with Part 1 of Schedule 18 and the face of the sign may be curved.

18.—(1) The white area is to be filled with maps or a legend in any colour with lettering of any colour.

(2) The x-height of a legend referred to in sub-paragraph (1) must not exceed 25 mm.

(3) The “i” symbol may be omitted.

(4) The sign may have more than one panel or side if each is of the design prescribed in the diagram.

19.  The logo of a local tourist organisation may be added at the top of the sign.

20.  The legend “No.1” may be varied to another number, a letter or a compass point.

21.—(1) The legend may be omitted or varied to “Speed cameras”, “Average speed check”, “Traffic signal and speed cameras”, “Traffic enforcement cameras”, “Police cameras”, “Police enforcement cameras” or “Bus lane cameras”.

(2) The legend may include, or a legend may be added for, the name, and logo, of the enforcement authority.

22.  “not 24 hrs” may be omitted.

23.  The name or location of the crossing in the top panel may be varied as appropriate and may be displayed on any number of lines; “TO CONTACT RAILWAY” may be on one line; “RAILWAY” may be varied to “TRAM Co.” and the telephone number may be varied as appropriate.

24.  Place names, street names or the name of a geographical area may be omitted or varied as appropriate and may be displayed on any number of lines.

25.—(1) Identification numbers of routes—

(a)may be varied and may include capital letters; and

(b)where indicating a route to which a particular route leads, may be shown in brackets.

(2) When a route (other than a national or regional cycle route) is indicated, the route number and background of the route number patch may be in any contrasting colours but, if the route number patch has a light background, the white edge must be omitted.

26.  When placed on a primary route the sign must be varied so that—

(a)the background colour is dark green;

(b)the border, any legend and any symbol (other than a red bar) is white; and

(c)any red bar has a white edge.

27.  When placed on a non-primary route the sign must be varied so that—

(a)the background colour is white; and

(b)the border, any legend and any symbol is black.

28.  When placed on a motorway the sign must be varied so that—

(a)the background colour is blue;

(b)the border, any legend and any symbol (other than a red bar) is white; and

(c)any red bar has a white edge.

29.  The reference or identification number and any route number may be varied as appropriate.

30.  Letters, numerals and other characters incorporated into the sign need not comply with the requirements of Schedule 17.

31.—(1) The bus symbol may be omitted.

(2) “Request” may be inserted before “Bus Stop”.

(3) “Stop” may be varied to “Stand”.

(4) “Bus Stop” may be varied to “Request Stop” when the bus symbol is shown.

(5) The legend may be in capital letters.

(6) The background, symbol and lettering may be in any contrasting colours.

(7) The face of the sign may be curved.

32.  ”BUS STOP” may be varied to “BUS STAND” and the face of either sign may be curved.

33.  ”Tram” may be varied to “Request” and the face of the sign may be curved.

34.  Supplementary plates may be added to the sign to give additional information such as bus routes numbers, the name of the stopping place or boarding point and a reference to a telephone enquiry line.

35.—(1) The place name may be varied.

(2) Arms or a logo may be added, together with one of the following—

(a)a message of welcome;

(b)a phrase denoting the ceremonial or historic nature of the area; or

(c)a phrase denoting an item of local geographical or historical interest,

where the phrase provided for at (a), (b) or (c) does not exceed three words.

(3) The place name may be varied to the name of a river, inland waterway or bridge.

36.—(1) The place name may be varied.

(2) The arms or logo may be omitted or varied.

(3) “Welcome to” may be omitted or varied to a similar phrase.

(4) The place name may be preceded by—

(a)“County of”;

(b)“Ceremonial County of”;

(c)“Historic County of”;

(d)a phrase provided for at paragraphs (a) to (c) preceded by “Welcome to the” or similar phrase (and for the purposes of this paragraph “ceremonial” and “historic” may be used instead of “Ceremonial” and “Historic”).

and a reference to “County” may be replaced by a reference to the appropriate administrative or ceremonial area.

(5) The place name may be followed by—

(a)“County Council”; or

(b)“County Council welcomes you” or a similar phrase,

and a reference to “County Council” may be replaced by a reference to the appropriate authority for the administrative area.

(6) A phrase denoting an item of local, geographical or historical interest may be added.

(7) A reference to not more than two places outside the United Kingdom with which the place is twinned may be added.

(8) In Scotland, the Scottish Gaelic equivalent of—

(a)the place name;

(b)“Welcome to”, or a similar phrase as provided for in sub-paragraph (3); and

(c)a phrase provided for at sub-paragraph (4),

may be used either in addition to, or instead of, the English version.

(9) The number of words in addition to the place name should not exceed eight.

(10) The legend, border and background may be in any contrasting colours except red.

(11) The border may be omitted.

(12) The shape and layout of the sign may be varied and the relative sizes of lettering on different parts of the sign may be varied provided the place name remains the most prominent feature.

37.—(1) The place name may be varied.

(2) “Welcome to” may be omitted or varied to a similar phrase.

(3) “City of” or “Welcome to the City of” may precede the place name.

(4) “Please drive carefully” may be omitted or varied to “Thank you for driving carefully” or another road safety message of not more than five words.

(5) In Scotland, the Scottish Gaelic equivalent of—

(a)the place name;

(b)“Welcome to” or a similar phrase; and

(c)“City of” or “Welcome to the City of”,

may be used either in addition to, or instead of, the English version.

(6) When “Welcome to” is omitted, a phrase denoting an item of local geographical or historical interest, including “Market town of” or similar, may be added above the place name provided the phrase does not exceed five words.

(7) The relative sizes of lettering on different parts of the sign may be varied provided the place name remains the most prominent feature.

38.—(1) The place name may be varied as appropriate.

(2) The arms may be omitted, varied as appropriate, or varied to a logo or symbol indicating a local landmark or historical feature.

(3) The district council name may be omitted or varied to a name of an appropriate authority.

(4) “Welcome to” may be omitted or varied to a similar phrase.

(5) The legend “City of” or “Welcome to the City of” may precede the place name.

(6) The place name may be varied to the name of—

(a)a river, inland waterway or bridge;

(b)a National Park;

(c)in England and Wales, an area of outstanding natural beauty designated as such under section 82 of the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000(92); or

(d)in Scotland, a National Scenic Area designated as such under section 263A of the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997(93).

(7) In Scotland, the Scottish Gaelic equivalent of—

(a)the place name;

(b)“Welcome to” or a similar phrase; and

(c)“City of” and “Welcome to the City of”,

may be used either in addition to, or instead of, the English version.

(8) The symbols on the brown panel may be varied to any of those shown in Parts 14 to 18 of Schedule 12, but must not exceed three in number.

(9) The symbols and brown panel may be omitted.

(10) “Please drive carefully” may be omitted or varied to “Thank you for driving carefully” or another road safety message.

(11) A phrase denoting an item of local geographical or historical interest, including “Market town of” or similar, may be added.

(12) “Twinned with” may be varied to “Twin town” or “Twin towns”.

(13) The name of the twin town may be varied.

(14) The names of additional twin towns may be added.

(15) Flags, arms or logos associated with the twin towns may be added.

(16) The reference to twin towns may be omitted.

(17) The legend, border and background other than the brown panel and its symbols, may be in any contrasting colours except red.

(18) The border may be omitted.

(19) The shape and layout of the sign may be varied and the relative sizes of lettering on different parts of the sign may be varied provided the place name remains the most prominent feature.

39.—(1) The place name may be varied as appropriate.

(2) “Welcome to” may be omitted or varied to “City of” or a similar phrase of not more than three words, or five words when “The Flower City” is omitted after the place name.

(3) “The Flower City” may be omitted or varied to a similar phrase of not more than three words, or five words when “Welcome to” is omitted before the place name.

(4) In Scotland, the Scottish Gaelic equivalent of—

(a)the place name;

(b)“Welcome to” and “City of” or similar phrase may be used either in addition to, or instead of, the English version.

(5) The relative sizes of lettering on different parts of the sign may be varied provided the place name remains the most prominent feature.

40.—(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2) the numeral “30” may be varied or may be substituted by other information and the background, border and any symbols and characters may be in any colour.

(2) The variations referred to in sub-paragraph (1) are not permitted to the extent that they would not be in accordance with the exercise of any functions by the Office of Rail and Road.

41.—(1) An audible or tactile warning in the form of a raised rib may be incorporated into the white parts of the marking, in the manner shown at item 12 of the sign table in Part 4 of this Schedule, when the marking is used to delineate the boundary between an emergency refuge area and an actively managed hard shoulder.

(2) Ribs on an individual white mark must be 250 mm apart.

42.  The notch may be omitted from the raised rib and the width of the line must be varied to 150 mm when it is used to delineate the back edge of an actively managed hard shoulder.

43.  The notch may be omitted from the raised rib and the width of the line must be 200 mm when used on roads with hard shoulders.