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The Industrial Training Levy (Engineering Construction Industry Training Board) Order 2015

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Statutory Instruments

2015 No. 677

Employment And Training

The Industrial Training Levy (Engineering Construction Industry Training Board) Order 2015

Made

10th March 2015

Coming into force on the day after the day on which it is made

The Secretary of State makes this Order in exercise of the powers conferred by sections 11(2) and 12(3) and (4) of the Industrial Training Act 1982(1) (“the Act”).

This Order is made to give effect to levy proposals submitted by the Engineering Construction Industry Training Board(2) pursuant to section 11(1) of the Act which, as required by section 11(3) of the Act, include proposals for the exemption of employers employing a small number of employees.

The levy proposals include proposals for securing that no exemption certificates shall be issued by the Board and the amount of levy payable by employers will exceed 0.2% of their relevant emoluments in respect of the base period for each levy period. Accordingly, section 11(5) of the Act applies to this Order.

In relation to the requirements set out in section 11(5) of the Act the Secretary of State is satisfied that the levy proposals are necessary to encourage adequate training in the industry and the condition mentioned in section 11(6)(a) of the Act is met.

The Secretary of State estimates that the levy to be paid by employers in the industry exceeds 1% of their relevant emoluments and accordingly this Order falls within section 11(7)(b) of the Act; the Secretary of State considers that the amount to be paid by employers in the industry is appropriate in the circumstances.

The Secretary of State has consulted the Scottish Ministers as required by section 88(2) of the Scotland Act 1998(3).

A draft of this Order was laid before Parliament in accordance with section 12(6) of the Act and approved by resolution of each House of Parliament.

Citation and commencement

1.  This Order may be cited as the Industrial Training Levy (Engineering Construction Industry Training Board) Order 2015 and comes into force on the day after the day on which it is made.

Interpretation

2.—(1) In this Order—

(a)“assessment” means an assessment of an employer to the levy;

(b)“the Board” means the Engineering Construction Industry Training Board;

(c)“emoluments” means—

(i)all salaries, fees and wages;

(ii)any gratuity or other profit or incidental benefit of any kind obtained by an employee, if it is money or money’s worth, other than pensions contributions;

(iii)anything else that constitutes, or is intended to constitute, earnings of the relevant employment;

(d)“employer” has the meaning given in article 3;

(e)“the engineering construction industry” means—

(i)the activities of the engineering construction industry as defined by Schedule 1 to the industrial training order; or

(ii)activities—

(aa)which fall within the description of activities in article 2(1) of the Employment Protection (Offshore Employment) Order 1976(4) (excluding the activities described in article 2(2) of that Order); and

(bb)which would fall within the activities of the engineering construction industry as defined by Schedule 1 to the industrial training order if they were carried out in Great Britain;

(f)“the industrial training order” means the Industrial Training (Engineering Board) Order 1964(5);

(g)“labour-only agreement” means any agreement or arrangement (other than contracts of service or apprenticeship) between an employer and any other person, the purpose of which is wholly or mainly the provision of services (including any incidental use of tools) of such a person or any other person to the employer in his trade or business;

(h)“leviable establishment” has the meaning given in article 5;

(i)“the levy” means the levy imposed by the Board in respect of a levy period;

(j)“off site employee” means an employee (including a person engaged under a labour-only agreement) other than a site employee;

(k)“the relevant base period” means the particular base period defined in article 4 in respect of a particular levy period defined in article 3 by reference to which the relevant emoluments are to be calculated;

(l)“site employee” means an employee (including a person engaged under a labour-only agreement) the activities of whose employment take place wholly or mainly at a site where activities falling under paragraph 1(a)(i), (iii) or (iv) of Schedule 1 to the industrial training order are carried on.

(2) In this Order, references to a leviable establishment starting or ceasing to be engaged in the engineering construction industry do not include instances where-

(a)a leviable establishment starts to be engaged in the engineering construction industry after, or ceases to be engaged in that industry because of, a suspension of activities of a temporary or seasonal nature; or

(b)the location of a leviable establishment changes but the establishment continues to be engaged in the engineering construction industry from the new location.

Imposition of the levy

3.—(1) A levy shall be imposed on employers in the engineering construction industry in respect of each of the following levy periods—

(a)the period commencing with the day on which this Order comes into force and ending with 31st December 2015 (in this Order referred to as “the first levy period”);

(b)the period commencing with 1st January 2016 and ending with 31st December 2016 (in this Order referred to as “the second levy period”); and

(c)the period commencing with 1st January 2017 and ending with 31st December 2017 (in this Order referred to as “the third levy period”).

(2) Subject to article 9, a person is liable to pay an amount by way of levy in respect of a levy period if that person is an employer in the engineering construction industry at any time in that period.

(3) In this Order (other than in this article), references to an “employer” are references to a person who is an employer in the engineering construction industry.

Base periods

4.—(1) The base period for the first levy period is the twelve months commencing with 6th April 2014.

(2) The base period for the second levy period is the twelve months commencing with 6th April 2015.

(3) The base period for the third levy period is the twelve months commencing with 6th April 2016.

Leviable establishments to be assessed

5.—(1) The Board must assess the amount of levy to be paid in respect of each leviable establishment of an employer.

(2) In this Order, “leviable establishment” means an establishment engaged wholly or mainly in the engineering construction industry during the necessary period.

(3) In this article “the necessary period” means—

(a)a period (which need not be continuous) consisting of a total of 27 or more weeks falling within the relevant base period; or

(b)in the case of a leviable establishment which started being engaged in the engineering construction industry during the relevant base period, a period (which need not be continuous)—

(i)falling within the relevant base period; and

(ii)consisting of a total number of weeks exceeding one half of the number of weeks in the part of the relevant base period starting on the day on which the leviable establishment started being engaged in that industry and ending on the last day of the relevant base period.

(4) In this article, an employer is to be treated as the employer of all persons employed at or from a leviable establishment during the relevant base period where—

(a)the employer owns or otherwise has responsibility for the leviable establishment on the last day of the relevant levy period; or

(b)where a leviable establishment ceases to be engaged in the engineering construction industry before the last day of the relevant levy period, the employer owned or otherwise had responsibility for the leviable establishment immediately before it ceased to be engaged in that industry.

Treatment of leviable establishments as one establishment

6.  The Board and an employer may agree that two or more leviable establishments of that employer be treated as one leviable establishment for the purposes of assessment of the amount of levy payable.

Assessment of amount of levy

7.—(1) The amount of levy to be assessed in respect of site employees for each leviable establishment is—

  • 1.5% of

where

  • A is the total emoluments of all persons who are site employees employed by the employer at or from the leviable establishment under a contract of service or apprenticeship during the relevant base period;

  • B is the sum of all payments (including payments for the incidental use of tools) made or owed by the employer under labour-only agreements for services rendered during the relevant base period to the employer by site employees;

  • C is the sum of all payments (including payments for the incidental use of tools) received by or owed to the employer from any other employers in the engineering construction industry under labour-only agreements for services rendered during the relevant base period by the employer, or on his behalf, by site employees.

(2) The amount of levy to be assessed in respect of off site employees for each leviable establishment is—

  • 0.18% of

where

  • D is the total emoluments of all persons who are off site employees employed by the employer at or from the establishment under a contract of service or apprenticeship during the relevant base period;

  • E is the sum of all payments (including payments for the incidental use of tools) made or owed by the employer under labour-only agreements for services rendered to the employer during the relevant base period by off site employees;

  • F is the sum of all payments (including payments for the incidental use of tools) received by or owed to the employer from any other employers in the engineering construction industry under labour-only agreements for services rendered during the relevant base period by the employer, or on his behalf, by off site employees.

(3) In paragraphs (1) and (2) the following are to be excluded from all calculations—

(a)all company directors remunerated solely by fees;

(b)all payments under labour-only agreements to the extent that any payment is—

(i)in respect of the provision of materials;

(ii)otherwise not in respect of the provision of services.

(4) If an amount calculated as a result of either paragraph (1) or (2) is negative, that amount shall be treated as zero for the purposes of paragraph (5).

(5) The amount of levy to be assessed in respect of each leviable establishment is the aggregate of the amounts calculated as a result of paragraphs (1) and (2).

(6) Where a leviable establishment ceases to be engaged in the engineering construction industry during a levy period, the amount of levy imposed in respect of the leviable establishment for that period is to be in the same proportion to the amount that would otherwise be due under this article as the number of days between the commencement of the levy period and the date of the cessation of engagement (both dates inclusive) bears to the number of days in the levy period.

Total amount of levy

8.  The total amount of levy to be paid by an employer is the aggregate amount of levy for all leviable establishments of the employer.

Exemptions

9.—(1) An employer in whose case the aggregate of—

(a)all emoluments of all persons who are site employees employed at or from the leviable establishments under a contract of service or apprenticeship in the relevant base period; and

(b)all sums (including payments for the incidental use of tools) paid in the relevant base period by the employer to any person under labour-only agreements for services rendered to the employer by site employees;

is less than £275,000 shall be exempt from payment of all amounts of levy calculated in respect of site employees under article 7(1).

(2) An employer in whose case the aggregate of—

(a)all emoluments of all persons who are off site employees employed at or from the leviable establishments under a contract of service or apprenticeship in the relevant base period; and

(b)all sums (including payments for the incidental use of tools) paid in the relevant base period by the employer to any person under labour-only agreements for services rendered to the employer by off site employees;

is less than £1,000,000 shall be exempt from payment of all amounts of levy calculated in respect of off site employees under article 7(2).

(3) The persons and payments listed in article 7(3) as those to be excluded from all calculations in paragraphs (1) and (2) of article 7 are also to be excluded from all calculations in paragraphs (1) and (2) of this article.

(4) Any body of persons or trust established for charitable purposes only is exempt from the levy.

Assessment notices

10.—(1) The Board must serve an assessment notice on every employer assessed to the levy.

(2) An assessment notice may comprise two or more assessments.

(3) An assessment notice must state—

(a)the total amount of levy payable by the employer under the assessment notice;

(b)where the assessment notice comprises two or more assessments, the total amount of levy payable by the employer in respect of each assessment;

(c)whether each assessment is based on—

(i)information submitted by the employer to the Board; or

(ii)a reasonable estimate by the Board of the employer’s liability to levy;

(d)the methods of payment of the levy which the Board will accept; and

(e)the Board’s address for service of a notice of appeal(6) and an application for an extension of time for appealing.

(4) The Board may—

(a)withdraw any assessment contained in an assessment notice in accordance with article 11; or

(b)amend any assessment contained in an assessment notice in accordance with article 12.

Withdrawal of assessments

11.—(1) In order to withdraw an assessment the Board must serve a withdrawal notice on the relevant employer.

(2) The withdrawal notice referred to in paragraph (1) must make clear which assessment is withdrawn.

(3) Where an assessment has been withdrawn the assessment notice shall have effect as if the assessment withdrawn by the Board had not been included in that notice.

Amendment of assessments

12.—(1) In order to amend an assessment the Board must serve an amended assessment notice on the relevant employer.

(2) The amended assessment notice referred to in paragraph (1) must—

(a)comply with the requirements for an assessment notice specified in article 10(3); and

(b)make clear which assessment is amended.

Service of notices

13.  Notices under articles 10, 11 and 12 must be in writing and served on an employer assessed to the levy by—

(a)delivering the notice to the employer personally;

(b)delivering the notice to the employer’s last known address, place of business or registered office;

(c)sending the notice by post to the employer’s last known address, place of business or registered office; or

(d)where the employer has notified the Board of an e-mail address at which the employer is content to accept service, sending an electronic copy of the notice to that e-mail address.

Time at which payment becomes due and recoverable

14.—(1) The amount of levy payable under an assessment notice is due and payable by the employer one month after service of the assessment notice, unless paragraph (2) or (3) applies.

(2) Where the Board has withdrawn an assessment under article 11, the amount of levy in respect of that assessment is no longer due and payable.

(3) Where the Board has amended an assessment in accordance with article 12—

(a)if the amount of levy in respect of that assessment has been increased—

(i)the amount of the assessment prior to amendment remains due and payable one month after the date of service of the assessment notice; and

(ii)the additional amount of the assessment is due and payable one month after the date of service of the amended assessment notice;

(b)if the assessment has been reduced, the amended amount of the assessment is due and payable one month after the date of service of the assessment notice.

(4) Any amount payable by an employer by way of the levy—

(a)is not recoverable by the Board during any period in which that employer has pending either—

(i)an appeal against the levy; or

(ii)a request to allow more time to appeal;

(b)is otherwise recoverable once it becomes due.

Time to appeal

15.  For the purposes of section 12(4) of the Industrial Training Act 1982, the period of time within which an employer assessed to the levy may appeal to an employment tribunal against the assessment is—

(a)one month commencing with the date of service of the assessment notice;

(b)where the Board has served an amended assessment notice under article 12, one month commencing with the date of service of the amended assessment notice;

(c)such further time as the Board may allow; or

(d)such further time as an employment tribunal may allow where the Board has not allowed an extension of time for appealing.

Certificate of payment

16.—(1) An employer may request a certificate as evidence that the employer has paid all sums due under—

(a)an assessment notice; or

(b)an amended assessment notice.

(2) The Board must issue a certificate to an employer when—

(a)the Board has received a request for a certificate from an employer; and

(b)all sums due under the relevant notice have been paid by that employer.

(3) The certificate must state—

(a)the total amount of levy paid by the employer; and

(b)that no further sums are due from the employer in respect of the relevant notice.

Nick Boles

Minister of State for Skills and Equalities

Department for Business, Innovation and Skills

10th March 2015

EXPLANATORY NOTE

(This note is not part of the Order)

This Order gives effect to levy proposals of the Engineering Construction Industry Training Board (“the Board”) which were submitted to the Secretary of State under section 11 of the Industrial Training Act 1982 (c.10) (“the Act”).

The levy proposals were for the imposition of a levy on employers engaged wholly or mainly in the engineering construction industry (see article 2(1)(e)) for the purpose of raising money towards the Board’s expenses.

The levy is to be imposed in respect of three levy periods, one in each of 2015, 2016 and 2017 (article 3).

The Board must calculate the amount of levy due in respect of each leviable establishment of an employer in accordance with article 7. This calculation is carried out with reference to the relevant base period (article 4). The total amount of levy payable by the employer is the aggregate amount of levy for all the employer’s leviable establishments (article 8). An employer assessed to levy will receive a written assessment notice from the Board setting out the amount of levy payable by that employer (article 10). Payment of the levy must usually be made within one month of service of the assessment notice by the Board (article 14). An assessment notice may be withdrawn by the Board and the Board may also serve amended assessment notices (articles 11 and 12).

Article 9 makes provision for employers employing a small number of employees to be exempt from the levy.

An employer assessed to levy may appeal against that assessment. An appeal must normally be made within one month of the date of service of the relevant assessment notice by the Board (article 15).

An impact assessment has not been prepared for this Order since it has the same effect on the costs to business as the Industrial Training Levy (Engineering Construction Industry Training Board) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/791). The Explanatory Memorandum is published alongside the Order on .

(1)

1982 c.10. Sections 11 and 12 were amended by paragraphs 10 and 11 of Schedule 4 to the Employment Act 1989 (c.38) and by sections 24, 25 and 29 of and paragraphs 3 and 4 of Schedule 1 to the Further Education and Training Act 2007 (c.25). Section 12(4) was amended by the Employment Rights (Dispute Resolution) Act 1998 (c. 8), section 1(2).

(2)

The Board was established under the Industrial Training (Engineering Board) Order 1964 (S.I. 1964/1086) as the Engineering Industry Training Board. The Industrial Training (Engineering Construction Board) Order 1991 (S.I. 1991/1305) re-named the Board as the Engineering Construction Industry Training Board and replaced the existing Schedule 1 with a new Schedule 1.

(3)

1998 c.46. The Engineering Construction Industry Training Board has been specified as a cross-border public authority for the purposes of section 88 of the Scotland Act 1998 by the Scotland Act 1998 (Cross-Border Public Authorities) (Specification) Order 1999 (S.I. 1999/1319).

(4)

S.I. 1976/766, as amended by S.I. 1977/588 and S.I. 1981/208.

(5)

S.I. 1964/1086, as amended by S.I. 1991/1305.

(6)

Regulation 16 of and Schedule 3 to the Employment Tribunals (Constitution and Rules of Procedure) Regulations 2004 (S.I. 2004/1861) set out the rules of procedure that apply in relation to appeals against an assessment to levy. Rule 3 of Schedule 3 makes provision about notices of appeal. Relevant amendments were made by Schedule 4 to the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 (c. 4), S.I. 2004/2351, S.I. 2005/1865 and S.I. 2006/680.

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