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The Network Rail (Nuneaton North Chord) Order 2010

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PART 1PRELIMINARY

Citation and commencement

1.  This Order may be cited as the Network Rail (Nuneaton North Chord) Order 2010 and shall come into force on 20th July 2010.

Interpretation

2.  (1)  In this Order—

“the 1961 Act” means the Land Compensation Act 1961(1);

“the 1965 Act” means the Compulsory Purchase Act 1965(2);

“the 1990 Act” means the Town and Country Planning Act 1990(3);

“the 1991 Act” means the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991(4);

“the 2003 Act” means the Communications Act 2003(5);

“address” includes any number or address used for the purposes of electronic transmission;

“authorised works” means the scheduled works and any other works authorised by this Order;

“the book of reference” means the book of reference certified by the Secretary of State as the book of reference for the purposes of this Order;

“building” includes any structure or erection or any part of a building, structure or erection;

“carriageway” has the same meanings as in the Highways Act 1980(6);

“electronic communications network” has the same meaning as in the 2003 Act(7);

“electronic transmission” means a communication transmitted—

(a)

by means of an electronic communications network; or

(b)

by other means but while in electronic form;

“footway” has the same meaning as in the Highways Act 1980;

“highway” and “highway authority” have the same meaning as in the Highways Act 1980;

“the limits of deviation” means the limits of deviation for the scheduled works shown on the Order plans;

“the limits of land to be acquired or used” means the limits of land to be acquired or used shown on the Order plans;

“maintain” includes inspect, repair, adjust, alter, remove, reconstruct and replace, and “maintenance” shall be construed accordingly;

“Network Rail” means Network Rail Infrastructure Limited (Company No. 02904587) whose registered office is at Kings Place, 90 York Way, London N1 9AG;

“the Order limits” means the limits of deviation and the limits of land to be acquired or used which are shown on the Order plans;

“the Order plans” means the plans certified by the Secretary of State as the Order plans for the purposes of this Order;

“the Order sections” means the sections certified by the Secretary of State as the Order sections for the purposes of this Order;

“owner”, in relation to land, has the same meaning as in the Acquisition of Land Act 1981(8);

“the scheduled works” means the works specified in Schedule 1 (scheduled works) or any part of them;

“statutory undertaker” means—

(c)

any person who is a statutory undertaker for any of the purposes of the 1990 Act; and

(d)

any public communications provider within the meaning of section 151(1) of the 2003 Act;

“street” includes part of a street;

“street authority” in relation to a street, has the same meaning as in Part 3 of the 1991 Act;

“the tribunal” means the Upper Tribunal; and

“watercourse” includes all rivers, streams, ditches, drains, canals, cuts, culverts, dykes, sluices, sewers and passages through which water flows except a public sewer or drain.

(2) References in this Order to rights over land include references to rights to do, or to place and maintain, anything in or on land or in the air-space above its surface.

(3) Any reference in this Order to a work identified by the number of the work shall be construed as a reference to the work of that number authorised by this Order.

(4) References in this Order to numbered plots are references to plot numbers on the Order plans.

(5) References in this Order to points identified by letters, or letters and numbers, are to be construed as references to points on the Order plans.

(6) All distances, directions and lengths stated in the description of the scheduled works or in any description of powers or lands are approximate and distances between points on a scheduled work shall be taken to be measured along the scheduled work.

Incorporation of Railways Clauses Acts

3.  (1)  The following provisions of the Railways Clauses Consolidation Act 1845(9) shall be incorporated in this Order—

section 58 (company to repair roads used by them), except for the words from “and if any question” to the end;

section 68 (accommodation works by company);

section 71 (additional accommodation works by owners), except for the words “or directed by such justices to be made by the company” and “or, in case of difference, as shall be authorised by two justices”;

sections 72 and 73 (supplementary provisions relating to accommodation works);

section 77 (presumption that minerals excepted from acquisition of land);

sections 78 to 85E and Schedules 1 to 3 (minerals under railways), as respectively substituted and inserted by section 15 of the Mines (Working Facilities and Support) Act 1923(10);

section 103 (refusal to quit carriage at destination);

section 105 (carriage of dangerous goods on railway); and

section 145 (recovery of penalties).

(2) Section 12 (signals, watchmen etc.) of the Railways Clauses Act 1863(11) shall be incorporated in this Order.

(3) In those provisions, as incorporated in this Order—

“the company” means Network Rail;

“goods” includes any thing conveyed on the railway authorised to be constructed by this Order;

“lease” includes an agreement for a lease;

“prescribed”, in relation to any such provision, means prescribed by this Order for the purposes of that provision;

“the railway” means any railway authorised to be constructed by this Order and any other authorised work;

“the special Act” means this Order; and

“toll” includes any rate or charge or other payment payable under this Order or any other enactment for any passenger or goods conveyed on any railway authorised to be constructed by this Order.

Application of the 1991 Act

4.  (1)  The provisions of the 1991 Act mentioned in paragraph (2) (which, together with other provisions of that Act, apply in relation to the execution of street works) and any regulations made, or code of practice issued or approved under, those provisions shall apply (with the necessary modifications) in relation to the temporary stopping up, temporary alteration or temporary diversion of a street by Network Rail under the powers conferred by article 9 (temporary stopping up of streets) whether or not the stopping up, alteration or diversion constitutes street works within the meaning of that Act.

(2) The provisions of the 1991 Act referred to in paragraph (1) are—

subject to paragraph (3), section 54 (advance notice of certain works);

subject to paragraph (3), section 55 (notice of starting date of works);

section 57 (notice of emergency works);

section 59 (general duty of street authority to co-ordinate works);

section 60 (general duty of undertakers to co-operate);

section 68 (facilities to be afforded to street authority);

section 69 (works likely to affect other apparatus in the street);

section 76 (liability for cost of temporary traffic regulation);

section 77 (liability for cost of use of alternative route); and

all other such provisions as apply for the purposes of the provisions mentioned above.

(3) Sections 54 and 55 of the 1991 Act as applied by paragraph (1) shall have effect as if references in section 57 of that Act to emergency works were a reference to a stopping up, alteration or diversion (as the case may be) required in a case of emergency.

PART 2WORKS PROVISIONS

Principal powers

Power to construct and maintain works

5.  (1)  Network Rail may construct and maintain the scheduled works.

(2) Subject to article 6 (power to deviate), the scheduled works may only be constructed in the lines or situations shown on the Order plans and in accordance with the levels shown on the Order sections.

(3) Subject to paragraph (5), Network Rail may carry out and maintain such of the following works as may be necessary or expedient for the purposes of, or for purposes ancillary to, the construction of the scheduled works, namely—

(a)railway electrification and signalling works;

(b)the provision of buildings, yards, machinery, plant, apparatus and other works and conveniences;

(c)the provision, repair and strengthening of approaches, bridges, subways, turning places, ramps, passages, means of access, shafts and stagings as Network Rail thinks fit;

(d)the provision of embankments, aprons, abutments, retaining walls, wing walls and culverts;

(e)works to alter or remove any structure erected on any highway or adjoining land;

(f)works to alter the position of apparatus, including mains, sewers, drains and cables;

(g)works to alter the course of, or otherwise interfere with, a watercourse other than a navigable watercourse;

(h)landscaping and other works to mitigate any adverse effects of the construction, maintenance or operation of the authorised works (other than works authorised by this sub-paragraph); and

(i)works for the benefit or protection of premises affected by the authorised works (other than works authorised by this paragraph).

(4) Subject to paragraph (5), Network Rail may carry out such other works (of whatever nature) as may be necessary or expedient for the purposes of, or for purposes ancillary to, the construction of the authorised works, other than works that would interfere with a navigable watercourse.

(5) Paragraphs (3) and (4) shall only authorise the carrying out or maintenance of works outside the limits of deviation if such works are carried out on land specified in columns (1) and (2) of Part 2 of Schedule 4 (acquisition of land) or in columns (1) and (2) of Schedule 7 (land of which temporary possession may be taken) in each case for the purpose specified in relation to that land in column (3) of the appropriate Schedule.

Power to deviate

6.  In constructing or maintaining any of the scheduled works, Network Rail may—

(a)deviate laterally from the lines or situations shown on the Order plans to the extent of the limits of deviation for that work; and

(b)deviate vertically from the levels shown on the Order sections—

(i)to any extent not exceeding 3 metres upwards; or

(ii)to any extent downwards as may be found to be necessary or convenient.

Streets

Power to execute street works

7.  (1)  Network Rail may, for the purposes of the authorised works, enter upon so much of any street as is within the Order limits and may—

(a)break up or open the street, or any sewer, drain or tunnel under it, or tunnel or bore under the street;

(b)place apparatus in the street;

(c)maintain apparatus in the street or change its position; and

(d)execute any works required for or incidental to any work referred to in sub-paragraph (a), (b) or (c).

(2) In this article “apparatus” has the same meaning as in Part 3 of the 1991 Act.

Stopping up of street and extinguishment and creation of rights

8.  (1)  Subject to the provisions of this article, Network Rail may, in connection with the construction of the authorised works, stop up the street specified in columns (1) and (3) of Schedule 2 (street to be stopped up) to the extent specified, by reference to the letters and numbers shown on the Order plans, in column (4) of that Schedule.

(2) Network Rail shall not exercise the powers conferred by paragraph (1) until either—

(a)Work No. 4 has been completed to the reasonable satisfaction of the street authority and is open for use; or

(b)a temporary alternative route for the passage of such traffic as could have used the street to be stopped up is first provided and subsequently maintained by Network Rail, to the reasonable satisfaction of the street authority, between the commencement and termination points until the completion and opening of Work No. 4 in accordance with sub-paragraph (a).

(3) When Stoney Road has been stopped up under this article—

(a)all rights of way over or along so much of Stoney Road as has been so stopped up shall be extinguished; and

(b)Work No. 4 shall be subject to rights of way equivalent to such rights of way as are extinguished by sub-paragraph (a).

(4) Any person who suffers loss by the extinguishment or creation of any private right of way under this article shall be entitled to compensation to be determined in case of dispute, under Part 1 of the 1961 Act.

(5) This article is subject to paragraph 2 of Schedule 8 (statutory undertakers, etc.).

Temporary stopping up of streets

9.  (1)  Network Rail, during and for the purposes of the execution of the authorised works, may temporarily stop up, alter or divert any street and may for any reasonable time—

(a)divert the traffic from the street; and

(b)subject to paragraph (3), prevent all persons from passing along the street.

(2) Without limiting the scope of paragraph (1), Network Rail may use any street stopped up under the powers conferred by this article as a temporary working site.

(3) Network Rail shall provide reasonable access for pedestrians going to or from premises abutting a street affected by the exercise of the powers conferred by this article, if there would otherwise be no such access.

(4) Without limiting the scope of paragraph (1), Network Rail may exercise the powers conferred by this article in relation to the streets specified in columns (1) and (3) of Schedule 3 (streets to be temporarily stopped up) to the extent specified, by reference to the letters and numbers shown on the Order plans, in column (4) of that Schedule.

(5) Network Rail shall not exercise the powers conferred by this article—

(a)in relation to any street specified as mentioned in paragraph (4) without first consulting the street authority; and

(b)in relation to any other street without the consent of the street authority which may attach reasonable conditions to any consent, but such consent shall not be unreasonably withheld.

(6) Any person who suffers loss by the suspension of any private right of way under this article shall be entitled to compensation to be determined, in case of dispute, under Part 1 of the 1961 Act.

(7) If a street authority fails to notify Network Rail of its decision within 28 days of receiving an application for consent under paragraph (5)(b), that street authority shall be deemed to have granted consent.

Access to works

10.  (1)  Network Rail may, for the purposes of the authorised works, and with the approval of the highway authority, such approval not to be unreasonably withheld, form and lay out such means of access, or improve existing means of access, at such locations within the Order limits as Network Rail reasonably requires for the purposes of the authorised works.

(2) If a highway authority fails to notify Network Rail of its decision within 28 days of receiving an application for approval under paragraph (1), that highway authority shall be deemed to have granted approval.

Agreements with street authorities

11.  (1)  Network Rail and a street authority may enter into agreements with respect to—

(a)the construction of Work No. 4 under the powers conferred by this Order;

(b)the maintenance of the structure of any bridge or tunnel carrying a street over or under a railway;

(c)any stopping up, alteration or diversion of a street conferred by article 9 (temporary stopping up of streets); or

(d)the execution in the street of any of the works referred to in article 7 (power to execute street works).

(2) Such an agreement may, without limitation on the scope of paragraph (1)—

(a)make provision for the street authority to carry out any function under this Order which relates to the street in question; and

(b)contain such terms as to payment and otherwise as the parties consider appropriate.

Specific works

Canal Farm Road and Work No. 3: rights

12.  (1)  When Work No. 3 has been completed and is open for use—

(a)all rights of way over or along so much of Canal Farm Road (as existing at the date this Order comes into force) as is within plots nos. 2A, 3 and 3A shall be extinguished; and

(b)Work No. 3 shall be subject to rights of way equivalent to the rights of way extinguished by sub-paragraph (a).

(2) Any person who suffers loss by the extinguishment or creation of any right of way under this article shall be entitled to compensation to be determined, in case of dispute, under Part 1 of the 1961 Act.

Temporary closure of and works in Coventry Canal

13.  (1)  Network Rail may in connection with the construction of Work No. 1 or Work No. 2—

(a)construct and maintain temporary works within plot no. 15; and

(b)on grounds of health and safety only, temporarily interfere with or close to navigation any part of the canal within the Order limits.

(2) During any period of interference or closure referred to in paragraph (1)(b), all rights of navigation and other rights relating to, and any obligations of the British Waterways Board to manage, the part of the canal so interfered with or closed shall be suspended and unenforceable against the British Waterways Board.

(3) Any person who suffers loss or damage as the result of the suspension or interruption of any right under this article shall be entitled to compensation paid by Network Rail to be determined, in case of dispute, under Part 1 of the 1961 Act.

Supplemental powers

Discharge of water

14.  (1)  Network Rail may use any watercourse or any public sewer or drain for the drainage of water in connection with the construction or maintenance of the authorised works and for that purpose may lay down, take up and alter pipes and may, on any land within the Order limits, make openings into, and connections with, the watercourse, public sewer or drain.

(2) Any dispute arising from the exercise of the powers conferred by paragraph (1) to connect to or use a public sewer or drain shall be determined as if it were a dispute under section 106 of the Water Industry Act 1991(12).

(3) Network Rail shall not discharge any water into any watercourse, public sewer or drain except with the consent of the person to whom it belongs; and such consent may be given subject to such terms and conditions as that person may reasonably impose but shall not be unreasonably withheld.

(4) Network Rail shall not make any opening into any public sewer or drain except—

(a)in accordance with plans approved by the person to whom the sewer or drain belongs, but such approval shall not be unreasonably withheld; and

(b)where that person has been given the opportunity to supervise the making of the opening.

(5) Network Rail shall not, in the exercise of the powers conferred by this article, damage or interfere with the bed or banks of any watercourse forming part of a main river.

(6) Network Rail shall take such steps as are reasonably practicable to secure that any water discharged into a watercourse or public sewer or drain under the powers conferred by this article is as free as may be practicable from gravel, soil or other solid substance, oil or matter in suspension.

(7) This article does not authorise the entry into controlled waters of any matter whose entry or discharge into controlled waters is prohibited by section 85(1), (2) or (3) of the Water Resources Act 1991(13).

(8) If a person fails to notify Network Rail of a decision within 28 days of receiving an application for consent under paragraph (3) or approval under paragraph (4)(a), that person shall be deemed to have granted consent or given approval, as the case may be.

(9) In this article—

(a)“public sewer or drain” means a sewer or drain which belongs to the Environment Agency, an internal drainage board, a local authority or a sewerage undertaker; and

(b)other expressions, excluding watercourses, used both in this article and in the Water Resources Act 1991 have the same meaning as in that Act.

Power to survey and investigate land

15.  (1)  Network Rail may for the purposes of this Order—

(a)survey or investigate any land within the Order limits;

(b)without limitation on the scope of sub-paragraph (a), make trial holes in such positions on the land as Network Rail thinks fit to investigate the nature of the surface layer and subsoil and remove soil samples;

(c)without limitation on the scope of sub-paragraph (a), carry out ecological or archaeological investigations on such land;

(d)place on, leave on and remove from the land apparatus for use in connection with the survey and investigation of land and making of trial holes; and

(e)enter on the land for the purpose of exercising the powers conferred by sub-paragraphs (a) to (d).

(2) No land may be entered, or equipment placed or left on or removed from the land under paragraph (1), unless at least 7 days’ notice has been served on every owner and occupier of the land.

(3) Any person entering land under this article on behalf of Network Rail—

(a)shall, if so required, before or after entering the land produce written evidence of that person’s authority to do so; and

(b)may take onto the land such vehicles and equipment as are necessary to carry out the survey or investigation or to make the trial holes.

(4) No trial hole shall be made under this article—

(a)in a carriageway or footway without the consent of the highway authority; or

(b)in a private street without the consent of the street authority,

but such consent shall not be unreasonably withheld.

(5) Network Rail shall compensate the owners and occupiers of the land for any loss or damage arising by reason of the exercise of the powers conferred by this article, such compensation to be determined, in case of dispute, under Part 1 of the 1961 Act.

(6) Nothing in this article shall obviate the need to obtain scheduled monument consent under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979(14).

(7) If either a highway authority or a street authority fails to notify Network Rail of a decision within 28 days of receiving an application for consent under paragraph (4)(a) or (4)(b), as the case may be, that authority shall be deemed to have granted consent.

PART 3ACQUISITION AND POSSESSION OF LAND

Powers of acquisition

Power to acquire land

16.  Network Rail may acquire compulsorily so much of the land shown on the Order plans within the Order limits and described in the book of reference—

(a)as is specified in Part 1 of Schedule 4 (acquisition of land for construction of the authorised works) and as may be required for the purposes of the authorised works; and

(b)as is specified in columns (1) and (2) of Part 2 of Schedule 4 (acquisition of land for specified purposes), and as may be required for any purpose specified in relation to that land in column (3) of that Part,

and may use any land so acquired for the purposes of, or for any other purposes that are ancillary to, its railway undertaking as existing from time to time.

Application of Part 1 of the Compulsory Purchase Act 1965

17.  (1)  Part 1 of the 1965 Act, in so far as not modified by or inconsistent with the provisions of this Order, shall apply to the acquisition of land under this Order—

(a)as it applies to a compulsory purchase to which the Acquisition of Land Act 1981(15) applies; and

(b)as if this Order were a compulsory purchase order made under that Act.

(2) Part 1 of the 1965 Act, as applied by paragraph (1), shall have effect as if section 4 (which provides a time limit for compulsory purchase of land) and paragraph 3(3) of Schedule 3 (which makes provision as to giving of bonds, were omitted.

Application of the Compulsory Purchase (Vesting Declarations) Act 1981

18.  (1)  The Compulsory Purchase (Vesting Declarations) Act 1981(16) shall apply as if this Order were a compulsory purchase order.

(2) The Compulsory Purchase (Vesting Declarations) Act 1981, as applied by paragraph (1), shall have effect with the following modifications.

(3) In section 3 (preliminary notices), for subsection (1) there shall be substituted—

(1) Before making a declaration under section 4 with respect to any land which is subject to a compulsory purchase order the acquiring authority shall include the particulars specified in subsection (3) in a notice which is—

(a)given to every person with a relevant interest in the land with respect to which the declaration is to be made (other than a mortgagee who is not in possession); and

(b)published in a local newspaper circulating in the area in which the land is situated. .

(4) In that section, in subsection (2), for “(1)(b)” there shall be substituted “(1)” and after “given” there shall be inserted “and published”.

(5) In that section, for subsections (5) and (6) there shall be substituted—

(5) For the purposes of this section, a person has a relevant interest in land if—

(a)that person is for the time being entitled to dispose of the fee simple of the land, whether in possession or in reversion; or

(b)that person holds, or is entitled to the rents and profits of, the land under a lease or agreement, the unexpired term of which exceeds one month..

(6) In section 5 (earliest date for execution of declaration)—

(a)in subsection (1), after “publication” there shall be inserted “in a local newspaper circulating in the area in which the land is situated”; and

(b)subsection (2) shall be omitted.

(7) In section 7 (constructive notice to treat) in subsection (1)(a), the words “(as modified by section 4 of the Acquisition of Land Act 1981)” shall be omitted.

(8) References to the 1965 Act shall be construed as references to that Act as applied to the acquisition of land under article 16 (power to acquire land).

Power to acquire new rights

19.  (1)  Network Rail may acquire compulsorily such easements or other rights over any land which it is authorised to acquire under the powers conferred by article 16 (power to acquire land) as may be required for any purpose for which that land may be acquired under that provision, by creating them as well as by acquiring easements or other rights already in existence.

(2) Without prejudice to paragraph (1), Network Rail may acquire compulsorily over any of the land specified in columns (1) and (2) of Schedule 5 (acquisition of rights, etc.) such temporary or permanent easements or other rights as it requires for the purposes mentioned in relation to that land in column (3) of that Schedule.

(3) Subject to section 8 of the 1965 Act (as substituted by paragraph 5 of Schedule 6 (modification of compensation and compulsory purchase enactments for creation of new rights)), where Network Rail acquires a right over land under paragraph (1) Network Rail shall not be required to acquire a greater interest in that land.

(4) Schedule 6 shall have effect for the purpose of modifying the enactments relating to compensation and the provisions of the 1965 Act in their application in relation to the compulsory acquisition under this article of a right over land by the creation of a new right.

Temporary possession of land

Temporary use of land for construction of works

20.  (1)  Network Rail may, in connection with the carrying out of the authorised works—

(a)enter upon and take temporary possession of—

(i)the land specified in columns (1) and (2) of Schedule 7 (land of which temporary possession may be taken) for the purposes specified in column (3) of that Schedule relating to the authorised works specified in column (4) of that Schedule; and

(ii)any other land within the Order limits in respect of which no notice to treat has been served under section 11 of the 1965 Act (other than in connection with the acquisition of rights only) and no declaration has been made under section 4 of the Compulsory Purchase (Vesting Declarations) Act 1981;

(b)remove any buildings and vegetation from that land;

(c)construct temporary works (including the provision of means of access) and buildings on the land; and

(d)construct any permanent works specified in relation to that land in columns (3) and (4) of Schedule 7.

(2) Not less than 14 days before entering upon and taking temporary possession of land under this article Network Rail shall serve notice of the intended entry on the owners and occupiers of the land.

(3) Network Rail may not, without the agreement of the owners of the land, remain in possession of any land under this article—

(a)in the case of land specified in Schedule 7, after the end of the period of one year beginning with the date of completion of the work specified in relation to that land in column (4) of Schedule 7; or

(b)in the case of land referred to in paragraph (1)(a)(ii), after the end of the period of one year beginning with the date of completion of the work for which compulsory possession of this land was taken unless Network Rail has, before the end of that period, served a notice of entry under section 11 of the 1965 Act or made a declaration under section 4 of the Compulsory Purchase (Vesting Declaration) Act 1981.

(4) Subject to paragraph (5), before giving up possession of land of which temporary possession has been taken under this article, Network Rail shall remove all temporary works and restore the land to the reasonable satisfaction of the owners of the land; but Network Rail shall not be required to replace a building removed under this article.

(5) Network Rail shall not be obliged to reinstate—

(a)plots nos. 3 and 3A (Canal Farm Road and Work No. 3);

(b)plot no. 12 (bridge over Coventry Canal); or

(c)plots nos. 27, 28, 29, 30, 31 and 32 (Stoney Road).

(6) Network Rail shall pay compensation to the owners and occupiers of land of which temporary possession is taken under this article for any loss or damage arising from the exercise in relation to the land of the powers conferred by this article.

(7) Any dispute as to a person’s entitlement to compensation under paragraph (6), or as to the amount of the compensation, shall be determined under Part 1 of the 1961 Act.

(8) Without prejudice to article 36 (no double recovery), nothing in this article shall affect any liability to pay compensation under section 10(2) of the 1965 Act or under any other enactment in respect of loss or damage arising from the execution of any works, other than loss or damage for which compensation is payable under paragraph (6).

(9) The powers of compulsory acquisition of land conferred by this Order shall not apply in relation to the land referred to in paragraph (1)(a)(i) except that Network Rail shall not be precluded from acquiring new rights over any part of that land under article 19 (power to acquire new rights).

(10) Where Network Rail takes possession of land under this article, it shall not be required to acquire the land or any interest in it.

(11) Section 13 of the 1965 Act shall apply to the temporary use of land pursuant to this article to the same extent as it applies to the acquisition of land under this Order by virtue of article 17(1) (application of Part 1 of the Compulsory Purchase Act 1965).

Compensation

Disregard of certain interests and improvements

21.  (1)  In assessing the compensation payable to any person on the acquisition from that person of any land under this Order, the tribunal shall not take into account—

(a)any interest in land; or

(b)any enhancement of the value of any interest in land by reason of any building erected, works executed or improvement or alteration made on relevant land,

if the tribunal is satisfied that the creation of the interest, the erection of the building, the execution of the works or the making of the improvement or alteration was not reasonably necessary and was undertaken with a view to obtaining compensation or increased compensation.

(2) In paragraph (1) “relevant land” means the land acquired from the person concerned or any other land with which that person is, or was at the time when the building was erected, the works executed or the improvement or alteration made, directly or indirectly concerned.

Set-off for enhancement in value of retained land

22.  (1)  In assessing the compensation payable to any person in respect of the acquisition from that person under this Order of any land (including the subsoil) the tribunal shall set off against the value of the land so acquired any increase in value of any contiguous or adjacent land belonging to that person in the same capacity which will accrue to that person by reason of the construction of the authorised works.

(2) In assessing the compensation payable to any person in respect of the acquisition from that person of any new rights over land (including the subsoil) under article 19 (power to acquire new rights), the tribunal shall set off against the value of the rights so acquired—

(a)any increase in value of the land over which the new rights are required; and

(b)any increase in the value of any contiguous or adjacent land belonging to that person in the same capacity,

which will accrue to that person by reason of the construction of the authorised works.

(3) The 1961 Act shall have effect, subject to paragraphs (1) and (2), as if this Order were a local enactment for the purposes of that Act.

Supplementary

Acquisition of part of certain properties

23.  (1)  This article shall apply instead of section 8(1) of the 1965 Act (as applied by article 17 (application of Part 1 of the Compulsory Purchase Act 1965)) in any case where—

(a)a notice to treat is served on a person (“the owner”) under the 1965 Act (as applied) in respect of land forming only part of a house, building or manufactory or of land consisting of a house with a park or garden (“the land subject to the notice to treat”); and

(b)a copy of this article is served on the owner with the notice to treat.

(2) In such a case, the owner may, within the period of 21 days beginning with the day on which the notice was served, serve on Network Rail a counter-notice objecting to the sale of the land subject to the notice to treat which states that the owner is willing and able to sell the whole (“the land subject to the counter-notice”).

(3) If no such counter-notice is served within that period, the owner shall be required to sell the land subject to the notice to treat.

(4) If such a counter-notice is served within that period, the question whether the owner shall be required to sell only the land subject to the notice to treat shall, unless Network Rail agrees to take the land subject to the counter-notice, be referred to the tribunal.

(5) If on such a reference the tribunal determine that the land subject to the notice to treat can be taken—

(a)without material detriment to the remainder of the land subject to the counter-notice; or

(b)in the case of part of land consisting of a house with a park or garden, without material detriment to the remainder of the land subject to the counter-notice and without seriously affecting the amenity and convenience of the house,

the owner shall be required to sell the land subject to the notice to treat.

(6) If on such a reference the tribunal determine that only part of the land subject to the notice to treat can be taken—

(a)without material detriment to the remainder of the land subject to the counter-notice; or

(b)in the case of part of land consisting of a house with a park or garden, without material detriment to the remainder of the land subject to the counter-notice and without seriously affecting the amenity and convenience of the house,

the notice to treat shall be deemed to be a notice to treat for that part.

(7) If on such a reference the tribunal determine that—

(a)the land subject to the notice to treat cannot be taken without material detriment to the remainder of the land subject to the counter-notice; but

(b)the material detriment is confined to a part of the land subject to the counter-notice,

the notice to treat shall be deemed to be a notice to treat for the land to which the material detriment is confined in addition to the land already subject to the notice, whether or not the additional land is land which Network Rail is authorised to acquire compulsorily under this Order.

(8) If Network Rail agrees to take the land subject to the counter-notice, or if the tribunal determine that—

(a)none of the land subject to the notice to treat can be taken without material detriment to the remainder of the land subject to the counter-notice or, as the case may be, without material detriment to the remainder of the land subject to the counter-notice and without seriously affecting the amenity and convenience of the house; and

(b)that the material detriment is not confined to a part of the land subject to the counter-notice,

the notice to treat shall be deemed to be a notice to treat for the land subject to the counter-notice whether or not the whole of that land is land which Network Rail is authorised to acquire compulsorily under this Order.

(9) In any case where by virtue of a determination by the tribunal under this article a notice to treat is deemed to be a notice to treat for less land or more land than that specified in the notice, Network Rail may, within the period of 6 weeks beginning with the day on which the determination is made, withdraw the notice to treat; and if it does so shall pay to the owner compensation for any loss or expense occasioned to the owner by the giving and withdrawal of the notice, to be determined in case of dispute by the tribunal.

(10) Where the owner is required under this article to sell only part of a house, building or manufactory or of land consisting of a house with a park or garden, Network Rail shall pay the owner compensation for any loss sustained by the owner due to the severance of that part in addition to the value of the interest acquired.

Extinction or suspension of private rights of way

24.  (1)  All private rights of way over land subject to compulsory acquisition under this Order shall be extinguished—

(a)as from the date of acquisition of the land by Network Rail, whether compulsorily or by agreement; or

(b)on the date of entry on the land by Network Rail under section 11(1) of the 1965 Act,

whichever is the sooner.

(2) Subject to paragraph (5), all private rights of way over land of which Network Rail takes temporary possession under article 20 (temporary use of land for construction of works) shall be suspended and unenforceable for as long as Network Rail remains in lawful possession of the land.

(3) Any person who suffers loss by the extinguishment or suspension of any private right of way under this article shall be entitled to compensation to be determined, in case of dispute, under Part 1 of the 1961 Act.

(4) This article does not apply in relation to any right of way to which section 271 or 272 of the 1990 Act (extinguishment of rights of statutory undertakers, etc.) or paragraph 2 of Schedule 8 (statutory undertakers, etc) applies.

(5) Paragraphs (1) and (2) shall have effect subject to—

(a)any notice given by Network Rail before the completion of the acquisition of the land, Network Rail’s appropriation of it, Network Rail’s entry onto it or Network Rail’s taking temporary possession of it that either or both of those paragraphs shall not apply to any right of way specified in the notice; and

(b)any agreement made (whether before or after any of the events mentioned in sub-paragraph (a) and before or after the coming into force of this Order) which makes reference to this article between Network Rail and the person in or to whom the right of way in question is vested or belongs.

(6) If any such agreement as is mentioned in sub-paragraph (5)(b) is expressed to have effect also for the benefit of those deriving title from or under the person in or to whom the right of way in question is vested or belongs, it shall be effective in respect of the persons so deriving title, whether the title was derived before or after the making of the agreement.

Time limit for exercise of powers of acquisition

25.  (1)  After the end of the period of 5 years beginning with the day on which this Order comes into force—

(a)no notice to treat shall be served under Part 1 of the 1965 Act as applied to the acquisition of land by article 17 (application of Part 1 of the Compulsory Purchase Act 1965); and

(b)no declaration shall be executed under section 4 of the Compulsory Purchase (Vesting Declarations) Act 1981 as applied by article 18 (application of the Compulsory Purchase (Vesting Declarations) Act 1981)(17)).

(2) The powers conferred by article 20 (temporary use of land for construction of works) shall cease at the end of the period referred to in paragraph (1), but this paragraph shall not prevent Network Rail remaining in possession of land after the end of that period, if the land was entered and possession of it was taken before the end of that period.

PART 4MISCELLANEOUS AND GENERAL

Defence to proceedings in respect of statutory nuisance

26.  (1)  Where proceedings are brought under section 82(1) of the Environmental Protection Act 1990(18) (summary proceedings by person aggrieved by statutory nuisance) in relation to a nuisance falling within paragraph (g) of section 79(1) of that Act (noise emitted from premises so as to be prejudicial to health or a nuisance) no order shall be made, and no fine may be imposed, under section 82(2) of that Act if the defendant shows—

(a)that the nuisance relates to premises used by Network Rail for the purposes of or in connection with the exercise of the powers conferred by this Order with respect to authorised works and that the nuisance is attributable to the carrying out of authorised works which are being carried out in accordance with a notice served under section 60 of the Control of Pollution Act 1974(19) or a consent given under section 61 or 65 of that Act; or

(b)that the nuisance is a consequence of the operation of the authorised works and that it cannot reasonably be avoided.

(2) The following provisions of the Control of Pollution Act 1974, namely—

(a)section 61(9) (consent for work on construction site to include statement that it does not of itself constitute a defence to proceedings under section 82 of the Environmental Protection Act 1990); and

(b)section 65(8) (corresponding provision in relation to consent for registered noise level to be exceeded),

shall not apply where the consent relates to the use of premises by Network Rail for the purposes of or in connection with the exercise of the powers conferred by this Order with respect to works.

(3) The provisions of this article are without prejudice to the application to the authorised works of section 122 of the Railways Act 1993(20) (statutory authority as a defence to actions in nuisance, etc.) or any rule of common law having similar effect.

Power to lop trees overhanging the authorised works

27.  (1)  Network Rail may fell or lop any tree or shrub near any part of the authorised works, or cut back its roots, if it reasonably believes it to be necessary to do so to prevent the tree or shrub—

(a)from obstructing or interfering with the construction, maintenance or operation of the authorised works or any apparatus used on the authorised works; or

(b)from constituting a danger to passengers or to other persons using the authorised works.

(2) In exercising the powers conferred by paragraph (1), Network Rail shall do no unnecessary damage to any tree or shrub and shall pay compensation to any person for any loss or damage arising from the exercise of those powers.

(3) Any dispute as to a person’s entitlement to compensation under paragraph (2), or as to the amount of compensation, shall be determined under Part 1 of the 1961 Act.

Planning permission and supplementary matters

28.  (1)  In relation to the application of paragraph (3)(c) of the second Schedule to the Form of Tree Preservation Order set out in the Schedule to the Town and Country Planning (Tree Preservation Order) Regulations 1969(21) (including that paragraph applied by regulation 3(ii) of the Town and Country Planning (Tree Preservation Order) (Amendment) and (Trees in Conservation Areas)(Exempted Cases) Regulations 1975(22), or as incorporated in any tree preservation order), any direction under section 90(2A) of the 1990 Act deeming planning permission to be granted in relation to the authorised works shall be treated as deeming the permission to have been granted on application made under Part 3 of that Act for the purposes of that Part.

(2) In relation to the application of article 5(1)(d) of the Form of Tree Preservation Order set out in the Schedule to the Town and Country Planning (Trees) Regulations 1999(23) as incorporated in any tree preservation order or as having effect by virtue of regulation 10(1)(a) of those Regulations, any direction under section 90(2A) of the 1990 Act deeming planning permission to be granted in relation to the authorised works shall not be treated as an outline planning permission.

(3) Planning permission which is deemed by a direction under section 90(2A) of the 1990 Act to be granted in relation to the authorised works shall be treated as specific planning permission for the purposes of section 264(3)(a) of that Act (cases in which land is to be treated as operational land for the purposes of that Act).

Obstruction of construction of authorised works

29.  Any person who, without reasonable excuse—

(a)obstructs any person acting under the authority of Network Rail in setting out the lines of the scheduled works or in constructing any authorised work; or

(b)interferes with, moves or removes any apparatus belonging to any person acting under the authority of Network Rail,

shall be guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

Statutory undertakers, etc.

30.  The provisions of Schedule 8 (statutory undertakers, etc.) shall have effect.

Protection for specified undertakers

31.  The provisions of Schedule 9 (protection for specified undertakers) shall have effect.

Protection for operators of electronic communications code networks

32.  The provisions of Schedule 10 (protection for operators of electronic communications code networks) shall have effect.

Protection for the Environment Agency

33.  The provisions of Schedule 11 (protection for the Environment Agency) shall have effect.

Certification of plans, etc.

34.  Network Rail shall, as soon as practicable after the making of this Order, submit copies of the book of reference, the Order sections and the Order plans to the Secretary of State for certification that they are, respectively, true copies of the book of reference, Order sections and Order plans referred to in this Order; and a document so certified shall be admissible in any proceedings as evidence of the contents of the document of which it is a copy.

Service of notices

35.  (1)  A notice or other document required or authorised to be served for the purposes of this Order may be served—

(a)by post; or

(b)with the consent of the recipient and subject to paragraphs (6) to (8) by electronic transmission.

(2) Where the person on whom a notice or other document to be served for the purposes of this Order is a body corporate, the notice or document is duly served if it is served on the secretary or clerk of that body.

(3) For the purposes of section 7 of the Interpretation Act 1978(24) (references to service by post) as it applies for the purposes of this article, the proper address of any person in relation to the service on that person of a notice or document under paragraph (1) is, if that person has given an address for service, that address, and otherwise—

(a)in the case of the secretary or clerk of a body corporate, the registered or principal office of that body; and

(b)in any other case, that person’s last known address at the time of service.

(4) Where for the purposes of this Order a notice or other document is required or authorised to be served on a person as having any interest in, or as the occupier of, land and that person’s name or address cannot be ascertained after reasonable enquiry, the notice may be served by—

(a)addressing it to that person by name or by the description “the owner”, or as the case may “the occupier”, of the land (describing it); and

(b)either leaving it in the hands of a person who is or appears to be resident or employed on the land or leaving it conspicuously affixed to some building or object on or near the land.

(5) Where a notice or other document required to be served or sent for the purposes of this Order is served or sent by electronic transmission, the requirement shall be taken to be fulfilled where the recipient of the notice or other document to be transmitted has given consent to the use of electronic transmission either in writing or by electronic transmission.

(6) Where the recipient of a notice or other documents served or sent by electronic transmission notifies the sender within 7 days of receipt that the recipient requires a paper copy of all or any part of that notice or other document the sender shall provide such a copy as soon as reasonably practicable.

(7) Any consent to the use of electronic transmission given by a person may be revoked by that person in accordance with paragraph (8).

(8) Where a person is no longer willing to accept the use of electronic transmission for any of the purposes of this Order—

(a)that person shall give notice in writing or by electronic transmission revoking any consent given by that person for that purpose; and

(b)such revocation shall be final and shall take effect on a date specified by the person in the notice but that date shall not be less than 7 days after the date on which the notice is given.

(9) This article shall not be taken to exclude the employment of any method of service not expressly provided for by it.

No double recovery

36.  Compensation shall not be payable in respect of the same matter both under this Order and under any other enactment, any contract or any rule of law.

Arbitration

37.  Any difference under any provision of this Order (other than a difference which falls to be determined by the tribunal) shall be referred to and settled by a single arbitrator to be agreed between the parties or, failing agreement, to be appointed on the application of either party (after giving notice in writing to the other) by the President of the Institution of Civil Engineers.

Signed by authority of the Secretary of State

Ellis Harvey

Head of the Transport and Works Act Orders Unit

Department for Transport

29th June 2010

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