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1.—(1) This Order may be cited as the Landsbanki Freezing Order 2008 and comes into force at 10.10 a.m. on 8th October 2008.
(2) This Order extends to the United Kingdom.
(3) An offence may be committed under this Order by—
(a)any person in the United Kingdom;
(b)any person elsewhere who is—
(i)a British citizen, a British overseas territories citizen, a British National (Overseas) or a British Overseas citizen;
(ii)a person who under the British Nationality Act 1981(1) is a British subject;
(iii)a British protected person within the meaning of that Act;
(iv)a body incorporated under the law of any part of the United Kingdom.
2.—(1) In this Order—
“the 2000 Act” means the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000(2);
“the Authorities” means—
the Central Bank of Iceland, Kalkofnsvegi 1, 150 Reykjavik;
the Icelandic Financial Services Authority (the Fjármálaeftirlitið); and
the Landsbanki receivership committee established by the Icelandic Financial Services Authority;
“body corporate” includes a Scottish partnership and “a body incorporated under the law of any part of the United Kingdom” is to be interpreted accordingly;
“frozen funds” has the meaning given in article 4(1);
“funds” means financial assets and economic benefits of any kind, including (but not limited to)—
gold, cash, cheques, claims on money, drafts, money orders and other payment instruments;
deposits with relevant institutions or other persons, balances on accounts, debts and debt obligations;
publicly and privately traded securities and debt instruments, including stocks and shares, certificates representing securities, bonds, notes, warrants, debentures and derivative products;
interest, dividends or other income on or value accruing from or generated by assets;
credit, rights of set-off, guarantees, performance bonds or other financial commitments;
letters of credit, bills of lading, bills of sale; and
documents providing evidence of an interest in funds or financial resources;
“Landsbanki” means Landsbanki Íslands hf., a public limited company incorporated under the law of Iceland;
“relevant institution” means—
a person who has permission under Part 4 of the 2000 Act; and
an EEA firm of the kind mentioned in paragraph 5(b) of Schedule 3 to the 2000 Act(3) which has permission under paragraph 15 of that Schedule as a result of qualifying for authorisation under paragraph 12 of that Schedule to accept deposits.
(2) The definition of “relevant institution” in paragraph (1) must be read with—
(a)section 22 of the 2000 Act;
(b)any relevant order under that section; and
(c)Schedule 2 to that Act.
3.—(1) The following are specified persons for the purposes of this Order—
(b)the Authorities; and
(c)the Government of Iceland.
(2) If a specified person makes a written request, the Treasury must give it written reasons why it has been specified.
4.—(1) The provisions of this article apply in relation to the following funds (“frozen funds”)—
(a)funds owned, held or controlled by Landsbanki; and
(b)funds relating to Landsbanki and owned, held or controlled by—
(i)any of the Authorities; or
(ii)the Government of Iceland.
(2) A person must not make frozen funds available to or for the benefit of a specified person.
(3) A person must not make frozen funds available at the direction or instruction of a specified person.
(4) A person must not deal with frozen funds.
(5) For the purposes of this article, making funds available to or for the benefit of a specified person includes—
(a)allowing it to withdraw from an account;
(b)honouring a cheque payable to it;
(c)crediting its account with interest;
(d)releasing documents of title (such as share certificates) held on its behalf;
(e)making available the proceeds of realisation of its property; and
(f)making a payment to or for its benefit.
(6) In this article, “deal with” means—
(a)use, alter, move, allow access to or transfer;
(b)deal with in any other way that would result in any change in volume, amount, location, ownership, possession, character or destination; or
(c)make any other change that would enable use, including portfolio management.
5.—(1) A person who fails to comply with a prohibition imposed by article 4 commits an offence.
(2) A person who engages in an activity knowing or intending that it will enable or facilitate the commission by another person of an offence under paragraph (1) commits an offence.
(3) It is a defence to the offences in this article for a person to prove that he or she did not know and had no reason to suppose that—
(a)in relation to the prohibition in article 4(2) the person to whom or for whose benefit frozen funds were made available, or were to be made available;
(b)in relation to the prohibition in article 4(3), the person at the direction or instruction of whom frozen funds were made available, or were to be made available;
(c)in relation to the prohibition in article 4(4), the person who owned, held or controlled the frozen funds,
was a specified person.
6.—(1) The Treasury may, by licence, authorise frozen funds to be made available.
(2) A licence may authorise a person to deal with frozen funds.
(3) A licence granted under this article disapplies the prohibitions in article 4 in respect of frozen funds made available or dealt with in accordance with the licence.
(4) A licence may be—
(a)of indefinite duration or subject to an expiry date;
(b)subject to conditions;
(c)granted generally or to a person or persons named or described in the licence;
(d)granted in relation to frozen funds generally or to funds of a description specified in the licence.
(5) A licence may authorise frozen funds to be made available—
(a)generally or for purposes specified in the licence;
(b)to or for the benefit of persons generally or a person or persons named or described in the licence.
(6) The Treasury may vary or revoke a licence at any time.
(7) The Treasury, where they grant, vary or revoke a licence, must—
(a)in the case of a licence granted to a particular person, give written notice of the licence, variation or revocation to that person, and
(b)in the case of a general licence or a licence granted to a category of persons, take such steps as the Treasury consider appropriate to publicise the licence, variation or revocation.
7.—(1) A person applying for a licence must—
(a)apply in writing; and
(b)include such documentation and information that may be required for taking the relevant licensing decision.
(2) The Treasury—
(a)are not required to consider an application which is incomplete; but
(b)if an application is incomplete, must infom the applicant of the further documentation or information required.
(3) The Treasury may grant a licence without an application having been made.
(4) The Treasury may authorise a person to grant licences on their behalf.
(5) A person who provides information, or produces a document, which he or she knows is false in a material particular with a view to obtaining a licence is guilty of an offence.
(6) A person who recklessly provides information, or produces a document, which is false in a material particular with a view to obtaining a licence is guilty of an offence.
8. The Schedule (which contains provisions about information and documents, and their disclosure) has effect.
9.—(1) A person guilty of an offence under article 5 is liable—
(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum or to both;
(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years or to a fine or to both.
(2) A person guilty of an offence under article 7 or under Schedule 2 is liable on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale or to both.
10.—(1) Proceedings for an offence under this Order are not to be instituted in England and Wales except by or with the consent of the Treasury or the Director of Public Prosecutions.
(2) Proceedings for an offence under this Order are not to be instituted in Northern Ireland except by or with the consent of the Treasury or the Director of Public Prosecutions for Northern Ireland.
(3) Despite anything in section 127(1) of the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980(4)(information to be laid within 6 months of offence) an information relating to an offence under this Order which is triable by a magistrates’court in England and Wales may be so tried if it is laid at any time in the period of one year starting with the date of the commission of the offence.
(4) In Scotland summary proceedings for an offence under this Order may be commenced at any time in the period of one year starting with the date of the commission of the offence.
(5) In its application to an offence under this Order Article 19(1)(a) of the Magistrates’ Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981(5) (time limit within which complaint charging offence must be made) is to have effect as if the reference to six months were a reference to twelve months.
11.—(1) If an offence under this Order—
(a)is committed by a body corporate, and
(b)is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of an officer, or to be attributable to any neglect on his or her part,
he or she as well as the body corporate is guilty of the offence and liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.
(2) For the purpose of paragraph (1) these are officers of a body corporate—
(a)a director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body;
(b)any person purporting to act in any such capacity;
(c)in the case of a Scottish partnership, a partner.
(3) If the affairs of a body corporate are managed by its members, paragraph (1) applies in relation to the acts and defaults of a member in connection with his or her functions of management as if he or she were an officer of the body.
12.—(1) This article has effect in relation to any notice to be given to a person by the Treasury under article 6.
(2) Any such notice may be given—
(a)by posting it to his or her last known address; or
(b)where the person is a body corporate, by posting it to the registered or principal office of the body corporate.
(3) Where the Treasury do not have an address for the person, they must make arrangements for the notice to be given to him or her at the first available opportunity.
13.—(1) This Order binds the Crown, subject to the following provisions of this article.
(2) No contravention by the Crown of a provision of this Order makes the Crown criminally liable; but the High Court or in Scotland the Court of Session may, on the application of a person appearing to the Court to have an interest, declare unlawful any act or omission of the Crown which constitutes such a contravention.
(3) Nothing in this article affects Her Majesty in her private capacity; and this is to be construed as if section 38(3) of the Crown Proceedings Act 1947(6) (meaning of Her Majesty in her private capacity) were contained in this Order.
Two of the Lords Commissioners of Her Majesty’s Treasury
8th October 2008
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