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(1)This section applies where an individual—
(a)has been arrested on suspicion of the commission of an offence, and
(b)has not been released without being charged with an offence.
(2)If, on an application made by an immigration officer or a constable, a justice of the peace is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for believing that—
(a)the individual may not be a British citizen,
(b)nationality documents relating to the individual may be found on premises specified in the application,
(c)the documents would not be exempt from seizure under section 46(2), and
(d)any of the conditions in subsection (3) below applies,
the justice of the peace may issue a warrant authorising an immigration officer or constable to enter and search the premises.
(3)The conditions are that—
(a)it is not practicable to communicate with any person entitled to grant entry to the premises;
(b)it is practicable to communicate with a person entitled to grant entry to the premises but it is not practicable to communicate with any person entitled to grant access to the nationality documents;
(c)entry to the premises will not be granted unless a warrant is produced;
(d)the purpose of a search may be frustrated or seriously prejudiced unless an immigration officer or constable arriving at the premises can secure immediate entry.
(4)Sections 28J and 28K of the Immigration Act 1971 (c. 77) (warrants: application and execution) apply, with any necessary modifications, to warrants under this section.
(5)In the application of this section to Scotland a reference to a justice of the peace shall be treated as a reference to the sheriff or a justice of the peace.
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