Search Legislation

UK Borders Act 2007

What Version

 Help about what version

Advanced Features

 Help about advanced features

Changes to legislation:

UK Borders Act 2007, Cross Heading: Information is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 16 December 2017. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

Close

Changes to Legislation

Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. Changes and effects are recorded by our editorial team in lists which can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area. Where those effects have yet to be applied to the text of the legislation by the editorial team they are also listed alongside the legislation in the affected provisions. Use the ‘more’ link to open the changes and effects relevant to the provision you are viewing.

Changes and effects yet to be applied to the whole Act associated Parts and Chapters:

 Help about changes and effects
Close

Changes and effects

This section lists the changes and effects yet to be applied to the whole Act, associated Parts and Chapters where applicable. This includes any insertions of whole new Parts, Chapters or provisions yet to be inserted into this Act. These effects are included in this view as they may be (but won’t necessarily be) relevant to the specific provision that you are viewing.

Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

InformationE+W+S+N.I.

40Supply of Revenue and Customs informationE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs (HMRC) and [F1 the Crown Prosecution Service (the CPS) ] may each supply the Secretary of State with information for use for the purpose of—

(a)administering immigration control under the Immigration Acts;

(b)preventing, detecting, investigating or prosecuting offences under those Acts;

(c)determining whether to impose, or imposing, penalties or charges under Part 2 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999 (c. 33) (carriers' liability);

(d)determining whether to impose, or imposing, penalties under section 15 of the Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Act 2006 (c. 13) (restrictions on employment);

(e)providing facilities, or arranging for the provision of facilities, for the accommodation of persons under section 4 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999;

(f)providing support for asylum-seekers and their dependants under Part 6 of that Act;

(g)determining whether an applicant for naturalisation under the British Nationality Act 1981 (c. 61) is of good character;

[F2(h)determining whether, for the purposes of an application referred to in section 41A of the British Nationality Act 1981, the person for whose registration the application is made is of good character;

(ha)determining whether, for the purposes of an application under section 1 of the Hong Kong (War Wives and Widows) Act 1996, the woman for whose registration the application is made is of good character;

(hb)determining whether, for the purposes of an application under section 1 of the British Nationality (Hong Kong) Act 1997 for the registration of an adult or young person within the meaning of subsection (5A) of that section, the person is of good character;]

(i)determining whether to make an order in respect of a person under section 40 of the British Nationality Act 1981 (deprivation of citizenship);

(j)doing anything else in connection with the exercise of immigration and nationality functions.

(2)This section applies to a document or article which comes into the possession of, or is discovered by, HMRC or [F3 the CPS ], or a person acting on behalf of HMRC or [F3 the CPS ], as it applies to information.

(3)The Secretary of State—

(a)may retain for a purpose within subsection (1) a document or article supplied by virtue of subsection (2);

(b)may dispose of a document or article supplied by virtue of subsection (2).

(4)In subsection (1) “immigration and nationality functions” means functions exercisable by virtue of—

(a)the Immigration Acts,

(b)the British Nationality Act 1981 (c. 61),

(c)the Hong Kong Act 1985 (c. 15),

(d)the Hong Kong (War Wives and Widows) Act 1996 (c. 41), or

(e)the British Nationality (Hong Kong) Act 1997 (c. 20).

[F4(4A)Subsections (1) and (2) are subject to subsection (4B).

(4B)In relation to the CPS, this section applies to—

(a)information held by the CPS in connection with a Revenue and Customs function of the Director of Public Prosecutions;

(b)a document or article which comes into the possession of, or is discovered by, the CPS, or a person acting on behalf of the CPS, in the exercise of a Revenue and Customs function of the Director of Public Prosecutions.

(4C)In subsection (4B) “Revenue and Customs function of the Director of Public Prosecutions” means—

(a)a function of the Director of Public Prosecutions under section 3(2)(ab), (bb) or (ee) of the Prosecution of Offences Act 1985, or

(b)a function of the Director of Public Prosecutions under the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 that relates to a function of the Commissioners for Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs or an officer of Revenue and Customs.]

(5)A power conferred by this section on HMRC or [F5 the CPS ] may be exercised on behalf of HMRC or [F5 the CPS ] by a person who is authorised (generally or specifically) for the purpose.

[F6(5A)Nothing in this section affects any power to supply information apart from this section.]

(6)The following provisions (which relate to the supply of information to the Secretary of State) shall cease to have effect—

(a)section 20(1)(d) of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999 (c. 33),

(b)section 130 of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 (c. 41), and

(c)paragraphs 17 and 20 of Schedule 2 to the Commissioners for Revenue and Customs Act 2005 (c. 11).

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F2S. 40(1)(h)-(hb) substituted for s. 40(1)(h) (13.1.2010) by Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Act 2009 (c. 11), ss. 47(5), 58(2); S.I. 2009/2731, art. 4(f)

Commencement Information

I1S. 40 in force at 31.1.2008 by S.I. 2008/99, art. 2(m)

41ConfidentialityE+W+S+N.I.

(1)A person to whom relevant information is supplied (whether before or after the commencement of this section) may not disclose that information.

(2)Information is relevant information if it is supplied by or on behalf of HMRC or [F7 the CPS ] under—

(a)section 20 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999,

(b)section 130 of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002,

(c)section 36 of the Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Act 2006 (c. 13) (except in so far as that section relates to information supplied to a chief officer of police), or

(d)section 40 of this Act.

(3)But subsection (1) does not apply to a disclosure—

(a)which is made for a purpose within section 40(1),

(b)which is made for the purposes of civil proceedings (whether or not within the United Kingdom) relating to an immigration or nationality matter,

(c)which is made for the purposes of a criminal investigation or criminal proceedings (whether or not within the United Kingdom) relating to an immigration or nationality matter,

(d)which is made in pursuance of an order of a court,

(e)which is made with the consent (which may be general or specific) of HMRC or [F8 the CPS ], depending on by whom or on whose behalf the information was supplied, or

(f)which is made with the consent of each person to whom the information relates.

(4)Subsection (1) is subject to any other enactment permitting disclosure.

(5)The reference in subsection (1) to a person to whom relevant information is supplied includes a reference to a person who is or was acting on behalf of that person.

(6)The reference in subsection (2) to information supplied under section 40 of this Act includes a reference to documents or articles supplied by virtue of subsection (2) of that section.

(7)In subsection (3) “immigration or nationality matter” means a matter in respect of which the Secretary of State has immigration and nationality functions (within the meaning given in section 40(4)).

(8)In subsection (4) “enactment” does not include—

(a)an Act of the Scottish Parliament,

(b)an Act of the Northern Ireland Assembly, or

(c)an instrument made under an Act within paragraph (a) or (b).

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Commencement Information

I2S. 41 in force at 31.1.2008 by S.I. 2008/99, art. 2(m)

[F941A Supply of information to UK Border Agency E+W+S+N.I.

(1)HMRC and [F10 the CPS ] may each supply a person to whom this section applies with information for use for the purpose of the customs functions exercisable by that person.

(2)This section applies to—

(a)a designated customs official,

(b)the Secretary of State by whom general customs functions are exercisable,

(c)the Director of Border Revenue, and

(d)a person acting on behalf of a person mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (c).

(3) This section applies to a document or article which comes into the possession of, or is discovered by, HMRC or [F11 the CPS ], or a person acting on behalf of HMRC or [F11 the CPS ], as it applies to information.

(4)A person to whom this section applies—

(a)may retain for a purpose within subsection (1) a document or article supplied by virtue of subsection (3);

(b)may dispose of a document or article supplied by virtue of subsection (3).

[F12(4A)Subsections (1) and (3) are subject to subsection (4B).

(4B)In relation to the CPS, this section applies to—

(a)information held by the CPS in connection with a Revenue and Customs function of the Director of Public Prosecutions;

(b)a document or article which comes into the possession of, or is discovered by, the CPS, or a person acting on behalf of the CPS, in the exercise of a Revenue and Customs function of the Director of Public Prosecutions.

(4C)In this section “Revenue and Customs function of the Director of Public Prosecutions” has the meaning given by section 40(4C).]

(5) A power conferred by this section on HMRC or [F13 the CPS ] may be exercised on behalf of HMRC or [F13 the CPS ] by a person who is authorised (generally or specifically) for the purpose.

(6)In this section and section 41B “customs function” and “general customs function” have the meanings given by Part 1 of the Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Act 2009.

[F14(7)Nothing in this section affects any power to supply information apart from this section.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

41B UK Border Agency: onward disclosureE+W+S+N.I.

(1)A person to whom information is supplied under section 41A may not disclose that information.

(2)But subsection (1) does not apply to a disclosure—

(a)which is made for the purpose of a customs function, where the disclosure does not contravene any restriction imposed by the Commissioners for Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs;

(b)which is made for the purposes of civil proceedings (whether or not within the United Kingdom) relating to a customs function;

(c)which is made for the purpose of a criminal investigation or criminal proceedings (whether or not within the United Kingdom);

(d)which is made in pursuance of an order of a court;

(e) which is made with the consent (which may be general or specific) of HMRC or [F15 the CPS ], depending on by whom or on whose behalf the information was supplied;

(f)which is made with the consent of each person to whom the information relates.

(3)Subsection (1) is subject to any other enactment permitting disclosure.

(4)The reference in subsection (1) to information supplied under section 41A includes a reference to documents or articles supplied by virtue of subsection (3) of that section.

(5)The reference in that subsection to a person to whom information is supplied includes a reference to a person who is or was acting on behalf of that person.

(6) In subsection (3) “ enactment ” does not include—

(a)an Act of the Scottish Parliament,

(b)an Act of the Northern Ireland Assembly, or

(c)an instrument made under an Act within paragraph (a) or (b).]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

42Wrongful disclosureE+W+S+N.I.

(1)An offence is committed by a person who contravenes section 41 [F16or 41B] by disclosing information relating to a person whose identity—

(a)is specified in the disclosure, or

(b)can be deduced from it.

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply to the disclosure of information about internal administrative arrangements of HMRC or [F17 the CPS ] (whether relating to Commissioners, officers, members of [F17 the CPS] or others).

(3)It is a defence for a person (P) charged with an offence under this section of disclosing information to prove that P reasonably believed—

(a)that the disclosure was lawful, or

(b)that the information had already and lawfully been made available to the public.

(4)A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable—

(a)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, to a fine or to both, or

(b)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum or to both.

(5)The reference in subsection (4)(b) to 12 months shall be treated as a reference to six months—

(a)in the application of this section to Northern Ireland;

(b)in the application of this section to England and Wales, in relation to an offence under this section committed before the commencement of section 282 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (c. 44) (imprisonment on summary conviction for certain offences in England and Wales);

(c)in the application of this section to Scotland, until the commencement of section 45(1) of the Criminal Proceedings etc. (Reform) (Scotland) Act 2007 (asp 6) (corresponding provision in Scotland).

(6)A prosecution for an offence under this section may be instituted—

(a)in England and Wales, only with the consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions;

(b)in Northern Ireland, only with the consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions for Northern Ireland.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F16Words in s. 42(1) inserted (21.7.2009) by Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Act 2009 (c. 11), ss. 20(2), 58(1) (with s. 36(4))

Commencement Information

I3S. 42 in force at 31.1.2008 by S.I. 2008/99, art. 2(m)

43Supply of police information, etc.E+W+S+N.I.

In section 131 of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 (c. 41) (police, etc.), for the words from “determining” to the end substitute

(a)determining whether an applicant for naturalisation under the British Nationality Act 1981 is of good character;

(b)determining whether an applicant within subsection (1) of section 58 of the Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Act 2006 for registration under a provision listed in subsection (2) of that section is of good character;

(c)determining whether to make an order in respect of a person under section 40 of the British Nationality Act 1981.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I4S. 43 in force at 31.1.2008 by S.I. 2008/99, art. 2(m)

[F1843ARequirement to state nationalityE+W+N.I.

(1)An individual who is arrested for an offence must state his or her nationality if required to do so by an immigration officer or a constable in accordance with this section.

(2)A requirement may be imposed on an individual under subsection (1) only if the immigration officer or constable suspects that the individual may not be a British citizen.

(3)When imposing a requirement under subsection (1) the immigration officer or constable must inform the individual that an offence may be committed if the individual fails to comply with a requirement imposed under this section.

(4)The immigration officer or constable must make a written record of the imposition of a requirement under subsection (1) as soon as practicable.

(5)The written record is to be made in the presence of the individual where this is practicable.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F18Ss. 43A, 43B inserted (E.W.N.I.) (31.1.2017 for specified purposes) by Policing and Crime Act 2017 (c. 3), ss. 159, 183(1)(5)(e)

43BOffence of not giving nationalityE+W+S+N.I.

(1)A person commits an offence if, without reasonable excuse, the person fails to comply with a requirement imposed in accordance with section 43A, whether by providing false or incomplete information or by providing no information.

(2)Information provided by a person in response to a requirement imposed in accordance with section 43A is not admissible in evidence in criminal proceedings against that person other than proceedings for an offence under this section.

(3)A person who is guilty of an offence under subsection (1) is liable—

(a)on summary conviction in England and Wales, to either or both of the following—

(i)imprisonment for a term not exceeding 51 weeks (or 6 months if the offence was committed before the commencement of section 281(5) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003);

(ii)a fine;

(b)on summary conviction in Northern Ireland, to either or both of the following—

(i)imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months;

(ii)a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F18Ss. 43A, 43B inserted (E.W.N.I.) (31.1.2017 for specified purposes) by Policing and Crime Act 2017 (c. 3), ss. 159, 183(1)(5)(e)

44Search for evidence of nationalityE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies where an individual has been arrested on suspicion of the commission of an offence and an immigration officer or a constable suspects—

(a)that the individual may not be a British citizen, and

(b)that nationality documents relating to the individual may be found on—

(i)premises occupied or controlled by the individual,

(ii)premises on which the individual was arrested, or

(iii)premises on which the individual was, immediately before being arrested.

(2)The immigration officer or constable may enter and search the premises for the purpose of finding those documents.

(3)The power of search may be exercised only with the written authority of a senior officer; and for that purpose—

(a)senior officer” means—

(i)in relation to an immigration officer, an immigration officer of at least the rank of chief immigration officer, and

(ii)in relation to a constable, a constable of at least the rank of inspector, and

(b)a senior officer who gives authority must arrange for a written record to be made of—

(i)the grounds for the suspicions in reliance on which the power of search is to be exercised, and

(ii)the nature of the documents sought.

(4)The power of search may not be exercised where the individual has been released without being charged with an offence.

(5)In relation to an individual “nationality document” means a document showing—

(a)the individual's identity, nationality or citizenship,

(b)the place from which the individual travelled to the United Kingdom, or

(c)a place to which the individual is proposing to go from the United Kingdom.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I5S. 44 in force at 31.3.2008 by S.I. 2008/309, art. 3(b)

45Search for evidence of nationality: other premisesE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies where an individual—

(a)has been arrested on suspicion of the commission of an offence, and

(b)has not been released without being charged with an offence.

(2)If, on an application made by an immigration officer or a constable, a justice of the peace is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for believing that—

(a)the individual may not be a British citizen,

(b)nationality documents relating to the individual may be found on premises [F19mentioned in subsection (2A)] ,

(c)the documents would not be exempt from seizure under section 46(2), and

(d)any of the conditions in subsection (3) below applies [F20in relation to each set of premises specified in the application,]

the justice of the peace may issue a warrant authorising an immigration officer or constable to enter and search the premises.

[F21(2A)The premises referred to in subsection (2)(b) above are—

(a)one or more sets of premises specified in the application, or

(b)subject to subsection (3A), any premises occupied or controlled by a person specified in the application, including such sets of premises as are so specified (in which case the application is for an “all premises warrant”).

(2B)If the application is for an all premises warrant, the justice of the peace must also be satisfied—

(a)that there are reasonable grounds for believing that it is necessary to search premises occupied or controlled by the person in question which are not specified in the application in order to find the nationality documents, and

(b)that it is not reasonably practicable to specify in the application all the premises which the person occupies or controls and which might need to be searched.

(2C)Subject to subsection (3A), the warrant may authorise entry to and search of premises on more than one occasion if, on the application, the justice of the peace is satisfied that it is necessary to authorise multiple entries in order to achieve the purpose for which the justice issues the warrant.

(2D)If it authorises multiple entries, the number of entries authorised may be unlimited, or limited to a maximum.]

(3)The conditions [F22mentioned in subsection (2)(d)] are that—

(a)it is not practicable to communicate with any person entitled to grant entry to the premises;

(b)it is practicable to communicate with a person entitled to grant entry to the premises but it is not practicable to communicate with any person entitled to grant access to the nationality documents;

(c)entry to the premises will not be granted unless a warrant is produced;

(d)the purpose of a search may be frustrated or seriously prejudiced unless an immigration officer or constable arriving at the premises can secure immediate entry.

[F23(3A)A justice of the peace in Scotland may not issue—

(a)an all premises warrant under this section, or

(b)a warrant under this section authorising multiple entries.]

(4)Sections 28J and 28K of the Immigration Act 1971 (c. 77) (warrants: application and execution) apply, with any necessary modifications, to warrants under this section.

(5)In the application of this section to Scotland a reference to a justice of the peace shall be treated as a reference to the sheriff or a justice of the peace.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F19Words in s. 45(2)(b) substituted (1.12.2016) by Immigration Act 2016 (c. 19), s. 94(1), Sch. 8 para. 7(2)(a); S.I. 2016/1037, reg. 5(k)

Commencement Information

I6S. 45 in force at 31.3.2008 by S.I. 2008/309, art. 3(b)

46Seizure of nationality documentsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)An immigration officer or constable searching premises under section 44 or 45 may seize a document which the officer or constable thinks is a nationality document in relation to the arrested individual.

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply to a document which—

(a)in relation to England and Wales or Northern Ireland, is subject to legal professional privilege, or

(b)in relation to Scotland, is an item subject to legal privilege within the meaning of section 412 of the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29).

(3)An immigration officer or constable may retain a document seized under subsection (1) while the officer or constable suspects that—

(a)the individual to whom the document relates may be liable to removal from the United Kingdom in accordance with a provision of the Immigration Acts, and

(b)retention of the document may facilitate the individual's removal.

(4)Section 28I of the Immigration Act 1971 (c. 77) (seized material: access and copying) shall have effect in relation to a document seized and retained by an immigration officer.

(5)Section 21 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60) or Article 23 of the Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (S.I. 1989/1341 (N.I. 12)) (seized material: access and copying) shall have effect in relation to a document seized and retained by a constable in England and Wales or Northern Ireland.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I7S. 46 in force at 31.3.2008 by S.I. 2008/309, art. 3(b)

[F2446ARequirement to produce nationality documentE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies where—

(a)an individual has been arrested on suspicion of the commission of an offence, and

(b)the individual is to be released after arrest (whether or not on bail)—

(i)before a decision is taken on whether the individual should be charged with an offence, or

(ii)after being charged with an offence.

(2)Before the individual is released an immigration officer or a constable may give the individual a notice requiring the production of a nationality document not later than 72 hours after the individual is released.

(3)A notice may be given under subsection (2) only if the immigration officer or constable giving it suspects that the individual may not be a British citizen.

(4)A notice under subsection (2) must be given in writing.

(5)The notice must include statements that—

(a)the individual to whom it is given must produce the nationality document not later than 72 hours after the individual is released, and

(b)an offence may be committed if an individual fails to comply with a notice given under this section.

(6)The notice must also set out—

(a)the person to whom the document must be produced, and

(b)the means by which the document must be produced.

(7)In this section, and in sections 46B and 46C

  • “nationality document” means a passport relating to the individual or, if there is no passport relating to the individual, one or more documents that enable the individual’s nationality or citizenship to be established;

  • “passport” means—

    (a)

    a United Kingdom passport (within the meaning of the Immigration Act 1971),

    (b)

    a passport issued by or on behalf of the authorities of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom, or by or on behalf of an international organisation, or

    (c)

    a document that can be used (in some or all circumstances) instead of a passport.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F24Ss. 46A-46C inserted (31.1.2017 for specified purposes) by Policing and Crime Act 2017 (c. 3), ss. 160, 183(1)(5)(e)

46BRetention of nationality document etcE+W+S+N.I.

(1)An immigration officer or constable may retain a nationality document produced in response to a notice under section 46A(2) while the immigration officer or constable suspects that—

(a)the individual to whom the document relates may be liable to removal from the United Kingdom in accordance with a provision of the Immigration Acts, and

(b)retention of the document may facilitate the individual’s removal.

(2)Section 28I of the Immigration Act 1971 (seized material: access and copying) has effect in relation to a nationality document produced by an individual in response to a notice under section 46A(2) and retained by an immigration officer as if the nationality document had been seized when the individual had custody or control of it.

(3)Section 21 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 or Article 23 of the Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (S.I. 1989/1341 (N.I. 12)) (seized material: access and copying) has effect in relation to a nationality document produced by an individual in response to a notice under section 46A(2) and retained by a constable in England and Wales or Northern Ireland as if the nationality document had been seized when the individual had custody or control of it.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F24Ss. 46A-46C inserted (31.1.2017 for specified purposes) by Policing and Crime Act 2017 (c. 3), ss. 160, 183(1)(5)(e)

46COffence of failing to produce nationality documentE+W+S+N.I.

(1)A person commits an offence if, without reasonable excuse, the person fails to comply with a notice given in accordance with section 46A.

(2)The fact that a person deliberately destroyed or disposed of a nationality document is not a reasonable excuse for the purposes of subsection (1) unless the destruction or disposal was—

(a)for a reasonable cause, or

(b)beyond the control of the person charged with the offence.

(3)In subsection (2)(a) “reasonable cause” does not include the purpose of—

(a)delaying the handling or resolution of a claim or application or the taking of a decision,

(b)increasing the chances of success of a claim or application, or

(c)complying with instructions given by a person who offers advice about, or facilitates, immigration into the United Kingdom, unless in the circumstances of the case it is unreasonable to expect non-compliance with the instructions or advice.

(4)A person who is guilty of an offence under subsection (1) is liable—

(a)on summary conviction in England and Wales, to either or both of the following—

(i)imprisonment for a term not exceeding 51 weeks (or 6 months if the offence was committed before the commencement of section 281(5) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003);

(ii)a fine;

(b)on summary conviction in Scotland, to either or both of the following—

(i)imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months;

(ii)a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale;

(c)on summary conviction in Northern Ireland, to either or both of the following—

(i)imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months;

(ii)a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F24Ss. 46A-46C inserted (31.1.2017 for specified purposes) by Policing and Crime Act 2017 (c. 3), ss. 160, 183(1)(5)(e)

47Police civiliansE+W+S+N.I.

[F25In Part 2 of Schedule 4 to the Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30) (powers exercisable by police civilians: investigating officers) after paragraph 18 (entry and search after arrest) insert—

Entry and search for evidence of nationality after arrest

18AWhere a designation applies this paragraph to any person—

(a)sections 44 to 46 of the UK Borders Act 2007 (entry, search and seizure after arrest) shall apply to that person (with any necessary modifications) as if a reference to a constable included a reference to that person, and

(b)a provision of the 1984 Act which applies to constables in connection with any of those sections shall apply (with any necessary modifications) to that person.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F25S. 47 omitted (31.1.2017 for specified purposes) by virtue of Policing and Crime Act 2017 (c. 3), s. 183(1)(5)(e), Sch. 12 para. 23

Commencement Information

I8S. 47 in force at 31.3.2008 by S.I. 2008/309, art. 3(b)

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

See additional information alongside the content

Geographical Extent: Indicates the geographical area that this provision applies to. For further information see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’.

Show Timeline of Changes: See how this legislation has or could change over time. Turning this feature on will show extra navigation options to go to these specific points in time. Return to the latest available version by using the controls above in the What Version box.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

Explanatory Notes

Text created by the government department responsible for the subject matter of the Act to explain what the Act sets out to achieve and to make the Act accessible to readers who are not legally qualified. Explanatory Notes were introduced in 1999 and accompany all Public Acts except Appropriation, Consolidated Fund, Finance and Consolidation Acts.

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources