Search Legislation

Gender Recognition Act 2004

What Version

 Help about what version

Advanced Features

 Help about advanced features

Changes to legislation:

There are outstanding changes not yet made by the legislation.gov.uk editorial team to Gender Recognition Act 2004. Any changes that have already been made by the team appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

Close

Changes to Legislation

Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. Changes and effects are recorded by our editorial team in lists which can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area. Where those effects have yet to be applied to the text of the legislation by the editorial team they are also listed alongside the legislation in the affected provisions. Use the ‘more’ link to open the changes and effects relevant to the provision you are viewing.

E+W+S+N.I.

Gender Recognition Act 2004

2004 CHAPTER 7

An Act to make provision for and in connection with change of gender.

[1st July 2004]

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Applications for gender recognition certificateE+W+S+N.I.

1ApplicationsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)A person of either gender who is aged at least 18 may make an application for a gender recognition certificate on the basis of—

(a)living in the other gender, or

(b)having changed gender under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom.

(2)In this Act “the acquired gender”, in relation to a person by whom an application under subsection (1) is or has been made, means—

(a)in the case of an application under paragraph (a) of that subsection, the gender in which the person is living, or

(b)in the case of an application under paragraph (b) of that subsection, the gender to which the person has changed under the law of the country or territory concerned.

(3)An application under subsection (1) is to be determined by a Gender Recognition Panel.

(4)Schedule 1 (Gender Recognition Panels) has effect.

2Determination of applicationsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)In the case of an application under section 1(1)(a), the Panel must grant the application if satisfied that the applicant—

(a)has or has had gender dysphoria,

(b)has lived in the acquired gender throughout the period of two years ending with the date on which the application is made,

(c)intends to continue to live in the acquired gender until death, and

(d)complies with the requirements imposed by and under section 3.

(2)In the case of an application under section 1(1)(b), the Panel must grant the application if satisfied—

(a)that the country or territory under the law of which the applicant has changed gender is an approved country or territory, and

(b)that the applicant complies with the requirements imposed by and under section 3.

(3)The Panel must reject an application under section 1(1) if not required by subsection (1) or (2) to grant it.

[F1(3A)This section does not apply to an application under section 1(1)(a) which states that it is an application for a certificate to be granted in accordance with section 3A.]

[F2(3B)This section does not apply to an application under section 1(1)(a) which states that it is an application for a certificate to be granted in accordance with section 3C.]

[F3(3C)This section does not apply to an application under section 1(1)(a) which states that it is an application for a certificate to be granted in accordance with section 3E.]

(4)In this Act “approved country or territory” means a country or territory prescribed by order made by the Secretary of State after consulting the Scottish Ministers and the Department of Finance and Personnel in Northern Ireland.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

3EvidenceE+W+S+N.I.

(1)An application under section 1(1)(a) must include either—

(a)a report made by a registered medical practitioner practising in the field of gender dysphoria and a report made by another registered medical practitioner (who may, but need not, practise in that field), or

(b)a report made by a [F4registered psychologist] practising in that field and a report made by a registered medical practitioner (who may, but need not, practise in that field).

(2)But subsection (1) is not complied with unless a report required by that subsection and made by—

(a)a registered medical practitioner, or

(b)a [F4registered psychologist],

practising in the field of gender dysphoria includes details of the diagnosis of the applicant’s gender dysphoria.

(3)And subsection (1) is not complied with in a case where—

(a)the applicant has undergone or is undergoing treatment for the purpose of modifying sexual characteristics, or

(b)treatment for that purpose has been prescribed or planned for the applicant,

unless at least one of the reports required by that subsection includes details of it.

(4)An application under section 1(1)(a) must also include a statutory declaration by the applicant that the applicant meets the conditions in section 2(1)(b) and (c).

(5)An application under section 1(1)(b) must include evidence that the applicant has changed gender under the law of an approved country or territory.

(6)Any application under section 1(1) must include—

(a)a statutory declaration as to whether or not the applicant is married [F5or a civil partner],

(b)any other information or evidence required by an order made by the Secretary of State, and

(c)any other information or evidence which the Panel which is to determine the application may require,

and may include any other information or evidence which the applicant wishes to include.

[F6(6A)If the applicant is married, an application under section 1(1) must include a statutory declaration as to whether the marriage is a marriage under the law of England and Wales, of Scotland, of Northern Ireland, or of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom.

(6B)If the applicant is married, and the marriage is a protected marriage, an application under section 1(1) must also include—

(a)a statutory declaration by the applicant's spouse that the spouse consents to the marriage continuing after the issue of a full gender recognition certificate (“a statutory declaration of consent”) (if the spouse has made such a declaration), or

(b)a statutory declaration by the applicant that the applicant's spouse has not made a statutory declaration of consent (if that is the case).

(6C)If an application includes a statutory declaration of consent by the applicant's spouse, the Gender Recognition Panel must give the spouse notice that the application has been made.]

[F7(6D)If the applicant is a party to a protected Scottish marriage, an application under section 1(1) must also include—

(a)a statutory declaration by the applicant that the applicant wishes the marriage to continue after the issue of a full gender recognition certificate (if that is the case), and

(b)either—

(i)a statutory declaration by the applicant's spouse that the spouse consents to the marriage continuing after the issue of a full gender recognition certificate (“a statutory declaration of consent”) (if the spouse has made such a declaration), or

(ii)a statutory declaration by the applicant that no such declaration by the applicant's spouse is included.

(6E)If an application includes a statutory declaration of consent by the applicant's spouse under subsection (6D)(b)(i), the Gender Recognition Panel must give the spouse notice that the application has been made.

(6F)If the applicant is a party to a protected Scottish civil partnership, an application under section 1(1) must also include a statutory declaration as to where the civil partnership was registered and, if the civil partnership was registered outside the United Kingdom, that details of the civil partnership have been sent to the Registrar General for Scotland.]

(7)The Secretary of State may not make an order under subsection (6)(b) without consulting the Scottish Ministers and the Department of Finance and Personnel in Northern Ireland.

(8)If the Panel which is to determine the application requires information or evidence under subsection (6)(c) it must give reasons for doing so.

[F8(9)This section does not apply to an application under section 1(1)(a) which states that it is an application for a certificate to be granted in accordance with section 3A.]

[F9(10)This section does not apply to an application under section 1(1)(a) which states that it is an application for a certificate to be granted in accordance with section 3C.]

[F10(11)This section does not apply to an application under section 1(1)(a) which states that it is an application for a certificate to be granted in accordance with section 3E.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F5 Words in s. 3(6)(a) inserted (5.12.2005) by Civil Partnership Act 2004 (c. 33) , ss. 250(2)(a) , 263 ; S.I. 2005/3175 , art. 3 , Sch. 2

[F113AAlternative grounds for granting applicationsE+W+S

(1)This section applies to an application under section 1(1)(a) which states that it is an application for a certificate to be granted in accordance with this section.

(2)The Panel must grant the application if satisfied that the applicant complies with the requirements imposed by and under section 3B and meets the conditions in subsections (3) to (6).

(3)The first condition is that the applicant was a party to a protected marriage or a protected civil partnership on or before the date the application was made.

(4)The second condition is that the applicant—

(a)was living in the acquired gender six years before the commencement of section 12 of the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013,

(b)continued to live in the acquired gender until the date the application was made, and

(c)intends to continue to live in the acquired gender until death.

(5)The third condition is that the applicant—

(a)has or has had gender dysphoria, or

(b)has undergone surgical treatment for the purpose of modifying sexual characteristics.

(6)The fourth condition is that the applicant is ordinarily resident in England, Wales or Scotland.

(7)The Panel must reject the application if not required by subsection (2) to grant it.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

[F123BEvidence for granting applications on alternative groundsE+W+S

(1)This section applies to an application under section 1(1)(a) which states that it is an application for a certificate to be granted in accordance with section 3A.

(2)The application must include either—

(a)a report made by a registered medical practitioner, or

(b)a report made by a registered psychologist practising in the field of gender dysphoria.

(3)If the application is based on the applicant having or having had gender dysphoria—

(a)the reference in subsection (2) to a registered medical practitioner is to one practising in the field of gender dysphoria, and

(b)that subsection is not complied with unless the report includes details of the diagnosis of the applicant's gender dysphoria.

(4)Subsection (2) is not complied with in a case where—

(a)the applicant has undergone or is undergoing treatment for the purpose of modifying sexual characteristics, or

(b)treatment for that purpose has been prescribed or planned for the applicant,

unless the report required by that subsection includes details of it.

(5)The application must also include a statutory declaration by the applicant that the applicant meets the conditions in section 3A(3) and (4).

(6)The application must include—

(a)a statutory declaration as to whether or not the applicant is married or a civil partner,

(b)any other information or evidence required by an order made by the Secretary of State, and

(c)any other information or evidence which the Panel which is to determine the application may require,

and may include any other information or evidence which the applicant wishes to include.

(7)If the applicant is married, the application must include a statutory declaration as to whether the marriage is a marriage under the law of England and Wales, of Scotland, of Northern Ireland, or of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom.

(8)If the applicant is married, and the marriage is a protected marriage, the application must also include—

(a)a statutory declaration of consent by the applicant's spouse (if the spouse has made such a declaration), or

(b)a statutory declaration by the applicant that the applicant's spouse has not made a statutory declaration of consent (if that is the case).

(9)If the application includes a statutory declaration of consent by the applicant's spouse, the Panel must give the spouse notice that the application has been made.

(10)If the Panel which is to determine the application requires information or evidence under subsection (6)(c) it must give reasons for doing so.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F12S. 3B inserted (30.6.2014 for specified purposes, 10.12.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013 (c. 30), s. 21(3), Sch. 5 para. 19; S.I. 2014/1662, art. 2(b); S.I. 2014/3169, art. 2

[F133CAlternative grounds for granting applications: ScotlandS

(1)This section applies to an application under section 1(1)(a) which states that it is an application for a certificate to be granted in accordance with this section.

(2)The Panel must grant the application if satisfied that the applicant complies with the requirements imposed by and under section 3D and meets the conditions in subsections (3) to (6).

(3)The first condition is that the applicant was a party to a protected Scottish marriage or a protected Scottish civil partnership on or before the date the application was made.

(4)The second condition is that the applicant—

(a)was living in the acquired gender six years before the commencement of section 29 of the Marriage and Civil Partnership (Scotland) Act 2014,

(b)continued to live in the acquired gender until the date the application was made, and

(c)intends to continue to live in the acquired gender until death.

(5)The third condition is that the applicant—

(a)has or has had gender dysphoria, or

(b)has undergone—

(i)surgical treatment, or

(ii)such other treatment as the Scottish Ministers may by order prescribe,

for the purpose of modifying sexual characteristics.

(6)The fourth condition is that the applicant is ordinarily resident in Scotland.

(7)Before making an order under subsection (5)(b)(ii) the Scottish Ministers must consult the following persons on a copy of the proposed draft order—

(a)the Gender Recognition Panel,

(b)such other persons as the Scottish Ministers consider appropriate.

(8)An order under subsection (5)(b)(ii)—

(a)may make different provision for different cases or circumstances,

(b)may amend any enactment (including this Act).

(9)The Panel must reject the application if not required by subsection (2) to grant it.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F13S. 3C inserted (1.9.2014 for specified purposes, 16.12.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Marriage and Civil Partnership (Scotland) Act 2014 (asp 5), s. 36, Sch. 2 para. 15; S.S.I. 2014/212, art. 2, Sch. (as amended (1.9.2014) by S.S.I. 2014/218, art. 2(3), Sch.); S.S.I. 2014/287, art. 3, Sch.

[F143DEvidence for granting applications on alternative grounds: ScotlandS

(1)This section applies to an application under section 1(1)(a) which states that it is an application for a certificate to be granted in accordance with section 3C.

(2)The application must include either—

(a)a report made by a registered medical practitioner, or

(b)a report made by a registered psychologist practising in the field of gender dysphoria.

(3)If the application is based on the applicant having or having had gender dysphoria—

(a)the reference in subsection (2) to a registered medical practitioner is to one practising in the field of gender dysphoria, and

(b)that subsection is not complied with unless the report includes details of the diagnosis of the applicant's gender dysphoria.

(4)Subsection (2) is not complied with in a case where—

(a)the applicant has undergone or is undergoing treatment for the purpose of modifying sexual characteristics, or

(b)treatment for that purpose has been prescribed or planned for the applicant,

unless the report required by that subsection includes details of it.

(5)The application must also include a statutory declaration by the applicant that the applicant meets the conditions in section 3C(3) and (4).

(6)The application must include—

(a)a statutory declaration as to whether or not the applicant is married or a civil partner,

(b)any other information or evidence required by an order made by the Scottish Ministers, and

(c)any other information or evidence which the Panel which is to determine the application may require,

and may include any other information or evidence which the applicant wishes to include.

(7)If the applicant is married, the application must include a statutory declaration as to whether the marriage is a protected Scottish marriage.

(8)If the applicant is married, and the marriage is a protected Scottish marriage, the application must also include—

(a)a statutory declaration of consent (within the meaning of section 3(6D)(b)(i)) by the applicant's spouse (if the spouse has made such a declaration), or

(b)a statutory declaration by the applicant that no such declaration by the applicant's spouse is included.

(9)If the application includes a statutory declaration of consent by the applicant's spouse, the Panel must give the spouse notice that the application has been made.

(10)If the Panel which is to determine the application requires information or evidence under subsection (6)(c) it must give reasons for doing so.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F14S. 3D inserted (1.9.2014 for specified purposes, 16.12.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Marriage and Civil Partnership (Scotland) Act 2014 (asp 5), s. 36, Sch. 2 para. 17; S.S.I. 2014/212, art. 2, Sch. (as amended (1.9.2014) by S.S.I. 2014/218, art. 2(3), Sch.); S.S.I. 2014/287, art. 3, Sch.

[F153EAlternative grounds for granting applications: Scotland (English and Welsh residents)E+W+S

(1)This section applies to an application under section 1(1)(a) which states that it is an application for a certificate to be granted in accordance with this section.

(2)In this section, and section 3F, in so far as those sections extend to England and Wales, “protected Scottish civil partnership” and “protected Scottish marriage” have the meanings given by section 25.

(3)The Panel must grant the application if satisfied that the applicant complies with the requirements imposed by and under section 3F and meets the conditions in subsections (4) to (7).

(4)The first condition is that the applicant was a party to a protected Scottish marriage or a protected Scottish civil partnership on or before the date the application was made.

(5)The second condition is that the applicant—

(a)was living in the acquired gender six years before the commencement of section 29 of the Marriage and Civil Partnership (Scotland) Act 2014;

(b)continued to live in the acquired gender until the date the application was made; and

(c)intends to continue to live in the acquired gender until death.

(6)The third condition is that the applicant—

(a)has or has had gender dysphoria; or

(b)has undergone surgical treatment for the purpose of modifying sexual characteristics.

(7)The fourth condition is that the applicant is ordinarily resident in England or Wales.

(8)The Panel must reject the application if not required by subsection (3) to grant it.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

3FEvidence for granting applications on alternative grounds: Scotland (English and Welsh residents)E+W+S

(1)This section applies to an application under section 1(1)(a) which states that it is an application for a certificate to be granted in accordance with section 3E.

(2)The application must include either—

(a)a report made by a registered medical practitioner; or

(b)a report made by a registered psychologist practising in the field of gender dysphoria.

(3)If the application is based on the applicant having or having had gender dysphoria—

(a)the reference in subsection (2) to a registered medical practitioner is to one practising in the field of gender dysphoria; and

(b)that subsection is not complied with unless the report includes details of the diagnosis of the applicant’s gender dysphoria.

(4)Subsection (2) is not complied with in a case where—

(a)the applicant has undergone or is undergoing treatment for the purpose of modifying sexual characteristics; or

(b)treatment for that purpose has been prescribed or planned for the applicant, unless the report required by that subsection includes details of it.

(5)The application must also include a statutory declaration by the applicant that the applicant meets the conditions in section 3E(3) and (4).

(6)The application must include—

(a)a statutory declaration as to whether or not the applicant is married or a civil partner; and

(b)any other information or evidence which the Panel which is to determine the application may require,

and may include any other information or evidence which the applicant wishes to include.

(7)If the applicant is married, the application must include a statutory declaration as to whether the marriage is a protected Scottish marriage.

(8)If the applicant is married, and the marriage is a protected Scottish marriage, the application must also include—

(a)a statutory declaration by the applicant’s spouse that the spouse consents to the marriage continuing after the issue of a full gender recognition certificate (“a statutory declaration of consent”) (if the spouse has made such a declaration); or

(b)a statutory declaration by the applicant that no such declaration by the applicant’s spouse is included.

(9)If the application includes a statutory declaration of consent by the applicant’s spouse, the Panel must give the spouse notice that the application has been made.

(10)If the Panel which is to determine the application requires information or evidence under subsection (6)(b) it must give reasons for doing so.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

4Successful applicationsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)If a Gender Recognition Panel grants an application under section 1(1) it must issue a gender recognition certificate to the applicant.

[F16(1A)The certificate is to be a full gender recognition certificate if the applicant is neither married nor in a civil partnership.]

[F17(2)The certificate is [F18also] to be a full gender recognition certificate if—

[F19(a)the applicant is neither a civil partner nor married,]

(b)the applicant is a party to a protected marriage and the applicant's spouse consents to the marriage continuing after the issue of a full gender recognition certificate, or

(c)the applicant is a party to a protected civil partnership and the Panel has decided to issue a full gender recognition certificate to the other party to the civil partnership.

(3)The certificate is to be an interim gender recognition certificate if—

(a)the applicant is a party to a protected marriage and the applicant's spouse does not consent to the marriage continuing after the issue of a full gender recognition certificate,

(b)[F20subject to subsection (3C)(a),] the applicant is a party to a marriage that is not a protected marriage,

(c)the applicant is a party to a protected civil partnership and the other party to the civil partnership has not made an application under section 1(1),

(d)the applicant is a party to a protected civil partnership and the Panel has decided not to issue a full gender recognition certificate to the other party to the civil partnership, or

(e)[F21subject to subsection (3C)(b),] the applicant is a party to a civil partnership that is not a protected civil partnership.

(3A)If a Gender Recognition Panel issues a full gender recognition certificate under this section to an applicant who is a party to a protected marriage, the Panel must give the applicant's spouse notice of the issue of the certificate.

(3B)Subsection (2)(c) is subject to section 5B.]

[F22(3C)The certificate is also to be a full gender recognition certificate if—

(a)the applicant is a party to a protected Scottish marriage and both parties to the marriage consent to the marriage continuing after the issue of a full gender recognition certificate, or

(b)the applicant is a party to a protected Scottish civil partnership and the Gender Recognition Panel has decided to issue a full gender recognition certificate to the other party to the civil partnership.

(3D)The certificate is to be an interim gender recognition certificate if—

(a)the applicant is a party to a protected Scottish marriage and either party to the marriage does not consent to the marriage continuing after the issue of a full gender recognition certificate,

(b)subject to subsection (2)(b), the applicant is a party to a marriage which is not a protected Scottish marriage,

(c)the applicant is a party to a protected Scottish civil partnership and the other party to the civil partnership has not made an application under section 1(1),

(d)the applicant is a party to a protected Scottish civil partnership and the Gender Recognition Panel has decided not to issue a full gender recognition certificate to the other party to the civil partnership, or

(e)subject to subsection (2)(c), the applicant is a party to a civil partnership which is not a protected Scottish civil partnership.

(3E)If a Gender Recognition Panel issues a full gender recognition certificate under this section to an applicant who is a party to a protected Scottish marriage, the Panel must give the applicant's spouse notice of the issue of the certificate.

(3F)Subsection (3C)(b) is subject to section 5C.]

(4)Schedule 2 (annulment or dissolution of marriage after issue of interim gender recognition certificate) has effect.

(5)The Secretary of State may, after consulting the Scottish Ministers and the Department of Finance and Personnel in Northern Ireland, specify the content and form of gender recognition certificates.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F17S. 4(2)-(3B) substituted for s. 4(2)(3) (10.12.2014) by Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013 (c. 30), s. 21(3), Sch. 5 para. 3; S.I. 2014/3169, art. 2

[F23Issue of full certificate after interim certificate: applicant marriedE+W+S+N.I.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F23Ss. 4A, 4B and cross-heading inserted (10.12.2014) by Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013 (c. 30), s. 21(3), Sch. 5 para. 4; S.I. 2014/3169, art. 2

4AMarried person with interim certificate: issue of full certificateE+W+S+N.I.

(1)A Gender Recognition Panel must issue a full gender recognition certificate to a person in either of the following cases.

(2)Case A is where, on an application by the person, the Panel is satisfied that—

(a)an interim gender recognition certificate has been issued to the person;

(b)the person was a party to a protected marriage at the time when the interim gender recognition certificate was issued;

(c)the person is a party to a protected marriage; and

(d)the person's spouse now consents to the marriage continuing after the issue of the full gender recognition certificate.

(3)Case B is where, on an application by the person, the Panel is satisfied that—

(a)an interim gender recognition certificate has been issued to the person;

(b)the person was a party to a civil partnership at the time when the interim gender recognition certificate was issued;

(c)a conversion application has been made within the period of six months beginning with the day on which that certificate was issued;

(d)the conversion application has resulted in the civil partnership being converted into a marriage;

(e)the person is a party to that marriage; and

(f)the person's spouse consents to the marriage continuing after the issue of the full gender recognition certificate.

(4)If, on an application under subsection (2) or (3), the Panel is not satisfied as mentioned in that subsection, the Panel must reject the application.

(5)An application under subsection (2) must be made within the period of six months beginning with the day on which the interim gender recognition certificate is issued.

(6)An application under subsection (3) must be made within the period of six months beginning with the day on which the civil partnership is converted into a marriage.

(7)An application under subsection (2) or (3) must include a statutory declaration of consent made by the person's spouse.

(8)An application under subsection (3) must also include—

(a)evidence of the date on which the conversion application was made, and

(b)evidence of the conversion of the civil partnership into a marriage.

(9)If an application is made under this section, the Gender Recognition Panel must give the applicant's spouse—

(a)notice of the application; and

(b)if the Panel grants the application, notice of the issue of the full gender recognition certificate.

(10) In this section “ conversion application ” means an application for the conversion of a civil partnership into a marriage under regulations under section 9 of the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013.

4BApplication under section 4A: death of spouseE+W+S+N.I.

(1)In a case where an application is made under section 4A(2) or (3) and the applicant's spouse dies before the application is determined—

(a)the application is to be treated as an application, made under section 5(2) in a case where a spouse has died, for a full gender recognition certificate to be issued; and

(b)that application is to be treated as having been made at the time when the application under section 4A was made.

(2)The Gender Recognition Panel determining the application must specify the period within which the applicant is to produce the required evidence in support of the new application.

(3)In this section—

  • new application ” means the application under section 5(2) which the person is, by virtue of subsection (1), treated as having made;

  • required evidence ” means the evidence required by section 5(4). ]

[F24 4C Married person with interim certificate: issue of full certificate (Scotland)S

(1)A Gender Recognition Panel must issue a full gender recognition certificate to a person in either of the following cases.

(2)Case A is where, on an application by the person, the Panel is satisfied that—

(a)an interim gender recognition certificate has been issued to the person,

(b)the person was a party to a protected Scottish marriage at the time when the interim gender recognition certificate was issued,

(c)the person is still a party to that protected Scottish marriage, and

(d)both parties to the marriage now consent to the marriage continuing after the issue of the full gender recognition certificate.

(3)Case B is where, on an application by the person, the Panel is satisfied that—

(a)an interim gender recognition certificate has been issued to the person,

(b)the person was a party to a protected Scottish civil partnership at the time when the interim gender recognition certificate was issued,

(c)the protected civil partnership was a qualifying civil partnership (within the meaning of section 5(6) of the Marriage (Scotland) Act 1977) and the parties to the civil partnership submitted notice of intention to marry under section 3(1) of that Act within the period of six months beginning with the day on which that certificate was issued,

(d)the submitting of notice has resulted in the civil partnership becoming a marriage,

(e)the person is a party to that marriage, and

(f)the person's spouse consents to the marriage continuing after the issue of the full gender recognition certificate.

(4)If, on an application under subsection (2) or (3), the Panel is not satisfied as mentioned in that subsection, the Panel must reject the application.

(5)An application under subsection (2) must be made within the period of six months beginning with the day on which the interim gender recognition certificate is issued.

(6)An application under subsection (3) must be made within the period of six months beginning with the day on which the civil partnership becomes a marriage.

(7)An application under subsection (2) or (3) must include a statutory declaration of consent (within the meaning of section 3(6D)(b)(i)) made by the person's spouse.

(8)An application under subsection (3) must also include—

(a)evidence of the date on which the notice referred to in subsection (3)(c) was submitted, and

(b)evidence that the civil partnership has become a marriage.

(9)If an application is made under this section, the Panel must give the applicant's spouse—

(a)notice of the application, and

(b)if the Panel grants the application, notice of the issue of the full gender recognition certificate.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

4DApplication under section 4C: death of spouseS

(1)In a case where an application is made under section 4C(2) or (3) and the applicant's spouse dies before the application is determined—

(a)the application is to be treated as an application, made under section 5(2) in a case where a spouse has died, for a full gender recognition certificate to be issued, and

(b)that application is to be treated as having been made at the time when the application under section 4C was made.

(2)The Gender Recognition Panel determining the application must specify the period within which the applicant is to produce the required evidence in support of the new application.

(3)In this section—

  • new application ” means the application under section 5(2) which the person is, by virtue of subsection (1), treated as having made,

  • required evidence ” means the evidence required by section 5(4).

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

4EMarried person with interim certificate: issue of full certificate on application to the sheriff (Scotland)S

(1)A person may make a summary application to the sheriff for the issue of a full gender recognition certificate where—

(a)an interim gender recognition certificate has been issued to the person,

(b)the person is a party to a protected Scottish marriage, and

(c)the person is not in possession of a statutory declaration by the person's spouse that the spouse consents to the marriage continuing after the issue of a full gender recognition certificate.

(2)The sheriff must grant an application made under subsection (1) if the sheriff is satisfied that—

(a)the applicant was a party to a protected Scottish marriage at the time when the interim gender recognition certificate was issued,

(b)the applicant is still a party to that protected Scottish marriage, and

(c)the application was made within the period of six months beginning with the day on which the interim gender recognition certificate was issued.

(3)If an application is made under this section, the sheriff must give the applicant's spouse—

(a)notice of the application, and

(b)if the sheriff grants the application, notice of the issue of the full gender recognition certificate.

(4)Where the sheriff issues a full gender recognition certificate, the sheriff must send a copy to the Gender Recognition Panel.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

4FDeath of civil partner or spouse: issue of full certificate (Scotland)S

(1)A Gender Recognition Panel must issue a full gender recognition certificate to a person in either of the following cases.

(2)Case A is where, on an application by the person, the Panel is satisfied that—

(a)an interim gender recognition certificate has been issued to the person,

(b)the person was a party to a protected Scottish civil partnership at the time when the interim gender recognition certificate was issued,

(c)the protected civil partnership was a qualifying civil partnership (within the meaning of section 5(6) of the Marriage (Scotland) Act 1977) and the parties to the civil partnership submitted notice of intention to marry under section 3(1) of that Act within the period of six months beginning with the day on which that certificate was issued, and

(d)the person's civil partner died—

(i)before the submitting of notice had resulted in the civil partnership becoming a marriage, and

(ii)after the period of six months beginning with the day on which the interim gender recognition certificate was issued.

(3)Case B is where, on an application by the person, the Panel is satisfied that—

(a)an interim gender recognition certificate has been issued to the person,

(b)the person was a party to a protected Scottish civil partnership at the time when the interim gender recognition certificate was issued,

(c)the protected civil partnership was a qualifying civil partnership (within the meaning of section 5(6) of the Marriage (Scotland) Act 1977) and the parties to the civil partnership submitted notice of intention to marry under section 3(1) of that Act within the period of six months beginning with the day on which that certificate was issued,

(d)the submitting of notice resulted in the civil partnership becoming a marriage, and

(e)the person's spouse died—

(i)within the period of six months beginning with the day on which the civil partnership became a marriage, and

(ii)after the period of six months beginning with the day on which the interim gender recognition certificate was issued.

(4)If, on an application under subsection (2) or (3), the Panel is not satisfied—

(a)as mentioned in that subsection, or

(b)that the person is neither married nor a civil partner,

the Panel must reject the application.

(5)An application under subsection (2) or (3) must be made within the period of six months beginning with the day on which the death occurs.

(6)An application under subsection (2) or (3) must include evidence of—

(a)the death of the person's civil partner or, as the case may be, spouse and the date on which it occurred,

(b)the date on which the notice under section 3(1) of the 1977 Act was submitted.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

5[F25Issue of full certificates where applicant has been married]E+W+S+N.I.

(1)A court which—

(a)makes absolute a decree of nullity granted on the ground that an interim gender recognition certificate has been issued to a party to the marriage, or

(b)(in Scotland) grants a decree of divorce on that ground,

must, on doing so, issue a full gender recognition certificate to that party and send a copy to the Secretary of State.

[F26(1A)Subsection (1) does not apply where a full gender recognition certificate has already been issued, to the party to whom the interim gender recognition certificate was issued, by the sheriff under section 4E.]

(2)If an interim gender recognition certificate has been issued to a person and either—

(a)the person’s marriage is dissolved or annulled (otherwise than on the ground mentioned in subsection (1)) in proceedings instituted during the period of six months beginning with the day on which it was issued, or

(b)the person’s spouse dies within that period,

the person may make an application for a full gender recognition certificate at any time within the period specified in subsection (3) (unless the person is again married [F27or is a civil partner]).

(3)That period is the period of six months beginning with the day on which the marriage is dissolved or annulled or the death occurs.

(4)An application under subsection (2) must include evidence of the dissolution or annulment of the marriage and the date on which proceedings for it were instituted, or of the death of the spouse and the date on which it occurred.

(5)An application under subsection (2) is to be determined by a Gender Recognition Panel.

(6)The Panel—

(a)must grant the application if satisfied that the applicant [F28is neither married nor a civil partner], and

(b)otherwise must reject it.

(7)If the Panel grants the application it must issue a full gender recognition certificate to the applicant.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F28Words in s. 5(6)(a) substituted (5.12.2005) by Civil Partnership Act 2004 (c. 33), ss. 250(3)(b), 263; S.I. 2005/3175, art. 3, Sch. 2

[F295AIssue of full certificates where applicant has been a civil partnerE+W+S+N.I.

(1)A court which—

(a)makes final a nullity order made on the ground that an interim gender recognition certificate has been issued to a civil partner, or

(b)(in Scotland) grants a decree of dissolution on that ground,

must, on doing so, issue a full gender recognition certificate to that civil partner and send a copy to the Secretary of State.

(2)If an interim gender recognition certificate has been issued to a person and either—

(a)the person’s civil partnership is dissolved or annulled (otherwise than on the ground mentioned in subsection (1)) in proceedings instituted during the period of six months beginning with the day on which it was issued, or

(b)the person’s civil partner dies within that period,

the person may make an application for a full gender recognition certificate at any time within the period specified in subsection (3) (unless the person is again a civil partner or is married).

(3)That period is the period of six months beginning with the day on which the civil partnership is dissolved or annulled or the death occurs.

(4)An application under subsection (2) must include evidence of the dissolution or annulment of the civil partnership and the date on which proceedings for it were instituted, or of the death of the civil partner and the date on which it occurred.

(5)An application under subsection (2) is to be determined by a Gender Recognition Panel.

(6)The Panel—

(a)must grant the application if satisfied that the applicant is neither a civil partner nor married, and

(b)otherwise must reject it.

(7)If the Panel grants the application it must issue a full gender recognition certificate to the applicant.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

[F30Other provision about applications and certificatesE+W+S+N.I.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

5BApplications by both civil partnersE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies where the Panel decides to issue a full gender recognition certificate to a party to a protected civil partnership.

(2)The Panel must not issue the full gender recognition certificate to that person unless the Panel issues a full gender recognition certificate to the other party to the protected civil partnership.

(3)In such a case, the Panel must issue both certificates on the same day.

(4)Those certificates take effect at the beginning of the day on which they are issued.]

[F315CProtected Scottish civil partnership: applications by both civil partnersS

(1)This section applies where a Gender Recognition Panel decides to issue a full gender recognition certificate to a party to a protected Scottish civil partnership.

(2)The Panel must not issue the full gender recognition certificate to that person unless the Panel issues a full gender recognition certificate to the other party to the protected Scottish civil partnership.

(3)In such a case, the Panel must issue both certificates on the same day.

(4)Those certificates take effect at the beginning of the day on which they are issued.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F31Ss. 5C, 5D inserted (1.9.2014 for specified purposes, 16.12.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Marriage and Civil Partnership (Scotland) Act 2014 (asp 5), s. 36, Sch. 2 para. 7; S.S.I. 2014/212, art. 2, Sch. (as amended (1.9.2014) by S.S.I. 2014/218, art. 2(3), Sch.); S.S.I. 2014/287, art. 3, Sch.

5DProtected Scottish civil partnership: power to make further provision for issue of full certificateS

(1)The Scottish Ministers may by order provide for the issue by a Gender Recognition Panel, on an application under section 1(1) by a qualifying person, of a full gender recognition certificate in additional circumstances to those specified in section 4(3C)(b) or 5C.

(2) In subsection (1), “ qualifying person ” means a person who is a party to a protected Scottish civil partnership.

(3)An order under subsection (1) may include, in particular, provision about—

(a)the evidence or other information that is to be included with an application,

(b)the procedure to be followed in determining an application, including provision for the giving of notice to any person,

(c)the effect of the issuing to the applicant of a full gender recognition certificate in relation to the civil partnership to which the applicant is party.

(4)Provision under subsection (3)(c) may include, in particular, provision for changing the civil partnership into a marriage.

(5)An order under subsection (1) may modify this Act or any other enactment.

(6)Before making an order under subsection (1), the Scottish Ministers must consult the following persons on a copy of the proposed draft order—

(a)the Registrar General for Scotland,

(b)the Gender Recognition Panel, and

(c)such other persons as the Scottish Ministers consider appropriate.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F31Ss. 5C, 5D inserted (1.9.2014 for specified purposes, 16.12.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Marriage and Civil Partnership (Scotland) Act 2014 (asp 5), s. 36, Sch. 2 para. 7; S.S.I. 2014/212, art. 2, Sch. (as amended (1.9.2014) by S.S.I. 2014/218, art. 2(3), Sch.); S.S.I. 2014/287, art. 3, Sch.

6[F32Errors]E+W+S+N.I.

[F33(1)Where a gender recognition certificate has been issued to a person, the person or the Secretary of State may make an application for—

(a)an interim gender recognition certificate, on the ground that a full gender recognition certificate has incorrectly been issued instead of an interim certificate;

(b)a full gender recognition certificate, on the ground that an interim gender recognition certificate has incorrectly been issued instead of a full certificate; or

(c)a corrected certificate, on the ground that the certificate which has been issued contains an error.]

(2)If the certificate was issued by a court the application is to be determined by the court but in any other case it is to be determined by a Gender Recognition Panel.

(3)The court or Panel—

[F34(a)must grant the application if satisfied that the ground on which the application is made is correct, and]

(b)otherwise must reject it.

(4)If the court or Panel grants the application it must issue [F35a correct, or a corrected,] gender recognition certificate to the applicant.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

7Applications: supplementaryE+W+S+N.I.

(1)An application to a Gender Recognition Panel under section 1(1), [F364A, ] [F374C, 4F,] 5(2) [F38, 5A(2)] or 6(1) must be made in a form and manner specified by the Secretary of State after consulting the Scottish Ministers and the Department of Finance and Personnel in Northern Ireland.

(2)The applicant must pay to the Secretary of State a non-refundable fee of an amount prescribed by order made by the Secretary of State unless the application is made in circumstances in which, in accordance with provision made by the order, no fee is payable; and fees of different amounts may be prescribed for different circumstances.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

8Appeals etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)An applicant to a Gender Recognition Panel under section 1(1), [F394A, ] [F404C, 4F,] 5(2) [F41, 5A(2)] or 6(1) may appeal to the High Court[F42 , family court] or Court of Session on a point of law against a decision by the Panel to reject the application.

(2)An appeal under subsection (1) must be heard in private if the applicant so requests.

(3)On such an appeal the court must—

(a)allow the appeal and issue the certificate applied for,

(b)allow the appeal and refer the matter to the same or another Panel for re-consideration, or

(c)dismiss the appeal.

(4)If an application under section 1(1) is rejected, the applicant may not make another application before the end of the period of six months beginning with the date on which it is rejected.

(5)If an application under section 1(1), [F434A,] [F444C, 4E,] 5(2) [F45, 5A(2)] or 6(1) is granted but the Secretary of State considers that its grant was secured by fraud, the Secretary of State may refer the case to the High Court[F46 , family court ] or Court of Session.

[F47(5A)If an application under section 1(1), 4A, 5(2), 5A(2) or 6(1) is granted, the applicant's spouse may apply to the High Court or Court of Session to quash the decision to grant the application on the grounds that its grant was secured by fraud.]

[F48(5B)If an application under section 1(1), 4C, 4E, 4F, 5(2), 5A(2) or 6(1) is granted, the applicant's spouse or civil partner may apply to the Court of Session to quash the decision to grant the application on the grounds that its grant was secured by fraud.]

[F49(5C)If an application under section 4C is granted, the applicant’s spouse or civil partner may apply to the High Court to quash the decision to grant the application on the grounds that its grant was secured by fraud.]

(6)On a reference under subsection (5) [F50or an application under subsection (5A) ] [F51or an application under subsection (5B)] the court—

(a)must either quash or confirm the decision to grant the application, and

(b)if it quashes it, must revoke the gender recognition certificate issued on the grant of the application and may make any order which it considers appropriate in consequence of, or otherwise in connection with, doing so.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F42Words in s. 8(1) inserted (22.4.2014) by Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), s. 61(3), Sch. 11 para. 160; S.I. 2014/954, art. 2(e) (with art. 3) (with transitional provisions and savings in S.I. 2014/956, arts. 3-11)

F46Word in s. 8(5) inserted (22.4.2014) by Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), s. 61(3), Sch. 11 para. 160; S.I. 2014/954, art. 2(e) (with art. 3) (with transitional provisions and savings in S.I. 2014/956, arts. 3-11)

Consequences of issue of gender recognition certificate etc.E+W+S+N.I.

9GeneralE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Where a full gender recognition certificate is issued to a person, the person’s gender becomes for all purposes the acquired gender (so that, if the acquired gender is the male gender, the person’s sex becomes that of a man and, if it is the female gender, the person’s sex becomes that of a woman).

(2)Subsection (1) does not affect things done, or events occurring, before the certificate is issued; but it does operate for the interpretation of enactments passed, and instruments and other documents made, before the certificate is issued (as well as those passed or made afterwards).

(3)Subsection (1) is subject to provision made by this Act or any other enactment or any subordinate legislation.

10RegistrationE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Where there is a UK birth register entry in relation to a person to whom a full gender recognition certificate is issued, the Secretary of State must send a copy of the certificate to the appropriate Registrar General.

[F52(1A)Where a full gender recognition certificate is issued to a person who is a party to—

(a)a marriage under the law of England and Wales, or

(b)a civil partnership under that law,

the Secretary of State must send a copy of the certificate to the Registrar General for England and Wales.]

[F53(1B)Where a full gender recognition certificate is issued by a Gender Recognition Panel or the sheriff to a person who is a party to a protected Scottish marriage or a protected Scottish civil partnership, the Panel must send a copy of the certificate to the Registrar General for Scotland.]

(2)In this Act “UK birth register entry”, in relation to a person to whom a full gender recognition certificate is issued, means—

(a)an entry of which a certified copy is kept by a Registrar General, or

(b)an entry in a register so kept,

containing a record of the person’s birth or adoption (or, if there would otherwise be more than one, the most recent).

(3)The appropriate Registrar General” means whichever of—

(a)the Registrar General for England and Wales,

(b)the Registrar General for Scotland, or

(c)the Registrar General for Northern Ireland,

keeps a certified copy of the person’s UK birth register entry or the register containing that entry.

(4)Schedule 3 (provisions about registration) has effect.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F52S. 10(1A) inserted (30.6.2014 for specified purposes, 10.12.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013 (c. 30), s. 21(3), Sch. 5 para. 9(1); S.I. 2014/1662, art. 2(b); S.I. 2014/3169, art. 2

11MarriageE+W+S+N.I.

Schedule 4 (amendments of marriage law) has effect.

[F5411AChange in gender of party to marriageE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies in relation to a protected marriage if (by virtue of section 4(2)(b) or 4A) a full gender recognition certificate is issued to a party to the marriage.

(2)The continuity of the protected marriage is not affected by the relevant change in gender.

(3)If the protected marriage is a foreign marriage—

(a)the continuity of the marriage continues by virtue of subsection (2) notwithstanding any impediment under the proper law of the marriage;

(b)the proper law of the marriage is not affected by its continuation by virtue of subsection (2).

(4)In this section—

  • foreign marriage ” means a marriage under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom;

  • impediment ” means anything which affects the continuation of a marriage merely by virtue of the relevant change in gender;

  • proper law ”, in relation to a protected marriage, means the law of the country or territory under which the marriage was entered into;

  • relevant change in gender ” means the change or changes of gender occurring by virtue of the issue of the full gender recognition certificate or certificates. ]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

[F5511BChange in gender of civil partnersE+W+S+N.I.

The continuity of a civil partnership is not affected by the issuing of full gender recognition certificates (by virtue of section 4(2)(c)) to both civil partners.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

[F5611CContinuity of marriage: ScotlandS

(1)This section applies in relation to a protected Scottish marriage if (by virtue of section 4(3C)(a), 4C or 4E) a full gender recognition certificate is issued to a party to the marriage.

(2)The continuity of the protected Scottish marriage is not affected by the issuing of a full gender recognition certificate.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

[F11711CContinuity of marriage: ScotlandE+W

(1)This section applies in relation to a protected Scottish marriage if (by virtue of section 4(3C)(a), 4C or 4E) a full gender recognition certificate is issued to a party to the marriage.

(2)The continuity of the protected Scottish marriage is not affected by the issuing of a full gender recognition certificate.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

[F5711DContinuity of civil partnership: ScotlandS

The continuity of a protected Scottish civil partnership is not affected by the issuing of full gender recognition certificates (by virtue of section 4(3C)(b)) to both civil partners.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

[F11711DContinuity of civil partnership: ScotlandE+W

The continuity of a protected Scottish civil partnership is not affected by the issuing of full gender recognition certificates (by virtue of section 4(3C)(b)) to both civil partners.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

12ParenthoodE+W+S+N.I.

The fact that a person’s gender has become the acquired gender under this Act does not affect the status of the person as the father or mother of a child.

13Social security benefits and pensionsE+W+S+N.I.

Schedule 5 (entitlement to benefits and pensions) has effect.

14DiscriminationE+W+S+N.I.

Schedule 6 (amendments of Sex Discrimination Act 1975 (c. 65) and Sex Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order 1976 (S.I. 1976/1042 (N.I. 15))) has effect.

15Succession etc.E+W+S+N.I.

The fact that a person’s gender has become the acquired gender under this Act does not affect the disposal or devolution of property under a will or other instrument made before the appointed day.

16Peerages etc.E+W+S+N.I.

The fact that a person’s gender has become the acquired gender under this Act—

(a)does not affect the descent of any peerage or dignity or title of honour, and

(b)does not affect the devolution of any property limited (expressly or not) by a will or other instrument to devolve (as nearly as the law permits) along with any peerage or dignity or title of honour unless an intention that it should do so is expressed in the will or other instrument.

17Trustees and personal representativesE+W+S+N.I.

(1)A trustee or personal representative is not under a duty, by virtue of the law relating to trusts or the administration of estates, to enquire, before conveying or distributing any property, whether a full gender recognition certificate has been issued to any person or revoked (if that fact could affect entitlement to the property).

(2)A trustee or personal representative is not liable to any person by reason of a conveyance or distribution of the property made without regard to whether a full gender recognition certificate has been issued to any person or revoked if the trustee or personal representative has not received notice of the fact before the conveyance or distribution.

(3)This section does not prejudice the right of a person to follow the property, or any property representing it, into the hands of another person who has received it unless that person has purchased it for value in good faith and without notice.

18Orders where expectations defeatedE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies where the disposition or devolution of any property under a will or other instrument (made on or after the appointed day) is different from what it would be but for the fact that a person’s gender has become the acquired gender under this Act.

(2)A person may apply to the High Court or Court of Session for an order on the ground of being adversely affected by the different disposition or devolution of the property.

(3)The court may, if it is satisfied that it is just to do so, make in relation to any person benefiting from the different disposition or devolution of the property such order as it considers appropriate.

(4)An order may, in particular, make provision for—

(a)the payment of a lump sum to the applicant,

(b)the transfer of property to the applicant,

(c)the settlement of property for the benefit of the applicant,

(d)the acquisition of property and either its transfer to the applicant or its settlement for the benefit of the applicant.

(5)An order may contain consequential or supplementary provisions for giving effect to the order or for ensuring that it operates fairly as between the applicant and the other person or persons affected by it; and an order may, in particular, confer powers on trustees.

[F5819SportE+W+S+N.I.

(1)A body responsible for regulating the participation of persons as competitors in an event or events involving a gender-affected sport may, if subsection (2) is satisfied, prohibit or restrict the participation as competitors in the event or events of persons whose gender has become the acquired gender under this Act.

(2)This subsection is satisfied if the prohibition or restriction is necessary to secure—

(a)fair competition, or

(b)the safety of competitors,

at the event or events.

(3)Sport ” means a sport, game or other activity of a competitive nature.

(4)A sport is a gender-affected sport if the physical strength, stamina or physique of average persons of one gender would put them at a disadvantage to average persons of the other gender as competitors in events involving the sport.

(5)This section does not affect—

(a)section 44 of the Sex Discrimination Act 1975 (c. 65) (exception from Parts 2 to 4 of that Act for acts related to sport), or

(b) Article 45 of the Sex Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order 1976 ( S.I. 1976/1042 (N.I. 15)) (corresponding provision for Northern Ireland). ]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F58S. 19 repealed (E.W.S.) by Equality Act 2010, Sch 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, art. 1(2), Sch. 2 (see S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2))

20Gender-specific offencesE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Where (apart from this subsection) a relevant gender-specific offence could be committed or attempted only if the gender of a person to whom a full gender recognition certificate has been issued were not the acquired gender, the fact that the person’s gender has become the acquired gender does not prevent the offence being committed or attempted.

(2)An offence is a “relevant gender-specific offence” if—

(a)either or both of the conditions in subsection (3) are satisfied, and

(b)the commission of the offence involves the accused engaging in sexual activity.

(3)The conditions are—

(a)that the offence may be committed only by a person of a particular gender, and

(b)that the offence may be committed only on, or in relation to, a person of a particular gender,

and the references to a particular gender include a gender identified by reference to the gender of the other person involved.

21Foreign gender change and marriageE+W+S+N.I.

(1)A person’s gender is not to be regarded as having changed by reason only that it has changed under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom.

[F59(1A) Subsections (2) to (5) apply only in F60 ... Northern Ireland. ]

[F61(2)[F62In accordance with subsection (1),] a person is not to be regarded as being married by reason of having entered into a foreign post-recognition marriage.

(3)But if a full gender recognition certificate is issued to a person who has entered into a foreign post-recognition marriage, after the issue of the certificate the marriage is no longer to be regarded as being void on the ground that (at the time when it was entered into) the parties to it were not respectively male and female.

(4)However, subsection (3) does not apply to a foreign post-recognition marriage if a party to it has entered into a later (valid) marriage [F63or civil partnership] before the issue of the full gender recognition certificate.

(5)For the purposes of this section a person has entered into a foreign post-recognition marriage if (and only if)—

(a)the person has entered into a marriage in accordance with the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom,

(b)before the marriage was entered into the person had changed gender under the law of that or any other country or territory outside the United Kingdom,

(c)the other party to the marriage was not of the gender to which the person had changed under the law of that country or territory, and

(d)by virtue of subsection (1) the person’s gender was not regarded as having changed under the law of any part of the United Kingdom.]

(6)Nothing in this section prevents the exercise of any enforceable [F64EU] right.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F63 Words in s. 21(4) inserted (5.12.2005) by Civil Partnership Act 2004 (c. 33) , ss. 250(6) , 263 ; S.I. 2005/3175 , art. 3 , Sch. 2

SupplementaryE+W+S+N.I.

22Prohibition on disclosure of informationE+W+S+N.I.

(1)It is an offence for a person who has acquired protected information in an official capacity to disclose the information to any other person.

(2)Protected information” means information which relates to a person who has made an application under section 1(1) and which—

(a)concerns that application or any application by the person under section [F654A,] [F664C, 4F,] 5(2) [F67, 5A(2)] or 6(1), or

(b)if the application under section 1(1) is granted, otherwise concerns the person’s gender before it becomes the acquired gender.

(3)A person acquires protected information in an official capacity if the person acquires it—

(a)in connection with the person’s functions as a member of the civil service, a constable or the holder of any other public office or in connection with the functions of a local or public authority or of a voluntary organisation,

(b)as an employer, or prospective employer, of the person to whom the information relates or as a person employed by such an employer or prospective employer, or

(c)in the course of, or otherwise in connection with, the conduct of business or the supply of professional services.

(4)But it is not an offence under this section to disclose protected information relating to a person if—

(a)the information does not enable that person to be identified,

(b)that person has agreed to the disclosure of the information,

(c)the information is protected information by virtue of subsection (2)(b) and the person by whom the disclosure is made does not know or believe that a full gender recognition certificate has been issued,

(d)the disclosure is in accordance with an order of a court or tribunal,

(e)the disclosure is for the purpose of instituting, or otherwise for the purposes of, proceedings before a court or tribunal,

(f)the disclosure is for the purpose of preventing or investigating crime,

(g)the disclosure is made to the Registrar General for England and Wales, the Registrar General for Scotland or the Registrar General for Northern Ireland,

(h)the disclosure is made for the purposes of the social security system or a pension scheme,

(i)the disclosure is in accordance with provision made by an order under subsection (5), or

(j)the disclosure is in accordance with any provision of, or made by virtue of, an enactment other than this section.

(5)The Secretary of State may by order make provision prescribing circumstances in which the disclosure of protected information is not to constitute an offence under this section.

(6)The power conferred by subsection (5) is exercisable by the Scottish Ministers (rather than the Secretary of State) where the provision to be made is within the legislative competence of the Scottish Parliament.

[F68(6A)The power conferred by subsection (5) is exercisable by the Department of Justice in Northern Ireland (rather than the Secretary of State) where the provision to be made could be made by an Act of the Northern Ireland Assembly without the consent of the Secretary of State (see sections 6 to 8 of the Northern Ireland Act 1998).]

(7)An order under subsection (5) may make provision permitting—

(a)disclosure to specified persons or persons of a specified description,

(b)disclosure for specified purposes,

(c)disclosure of specified descriptions of information, or

(d)disclosure by specified persons or persons of a specified description.

(8)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F67Words in s. 22(2)(a) inserted (5.12.2005) by Civil Partnership Act 2004 (c. 33), ss. 250(5)(c), 263; S.I. 2005/3175, art. 3, Sch. 2

23Power to modify statutory provisionsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Secretary of State may by order make provision for modifying the operation of any enactment or subordinate legislation in relation to—

(a)persons whose gender has become the acquired gender under this Act, or

(b)any description of such persons.

(2)The power conferred by subsection (1) is exercisable by the Scottish Ministers (rather than the Secretary of State) where the provision to be made is within the legislative competence of the Scottish Parliament.

(3)The appropriate Northern Ireland department may by order make provision for modifying the operation of any enactment or subordinate legislation which deals with a transferred matter in relation to—

(a)persons whose gender has become the acquired gender under this Act, or

(b)any description of such persons.

(4)In subsection (3)—

  • the appropriate Northern Ireland department”, in relation to any enactment or subordinate legislation which deals with a transferred matter, means the Northern Ireland department which has responsibility for that matter,

  • deals with” is to be construed in accordance with section 98(2) and (3) of the Northern Ireland Act 1998 (c. 47), and

  • transferred matter” has the meaning given by section 4(1) of that Act.

(5)Before an order is made under this section, appropriate consultation must be undertaken with persons likely to be affected by it.

24Orders and regulationsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Any power of the Secretary of State, F69..., the Scottish Ministers or a Northern Ireland department to make an order under this Act includes power to make any appropriate incidental, supplementary, consequential or transitional provision or savings.

(2)Any power of the Secretary of State, F69... or the Scottish Ministers to make an order under this Act, and any power of the Registrar General for England and Wales or the Registrar General for Scotland to make regulations under this Act, is exercisable by statutory instrument.

(3)No order may be made under section 2 F70... unless a draft of the statutory instrument containing the order has been laid before, and approved by a resolution of, each House of Parliament.

(4)A statutory instrument containing an order made by the Secretary of State under section 7, 22 or 23 is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(5)A statutory instrument containing an order made by the Scottish Ministers under section [F713D(6)(b),] 22 or 23 is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the Scottish Parliament.

[F72(5A)Regulations made by the Registrar General for Scotland under paragraph 20A of Schedule 3 are subject to the negative procedure.

(5B)An order under section 3C(5)(b)(ii) or 5D(1) is subject to the affirmative procedure.]

(6)Any power of a Northern Ireland department to make an order or regulations under this Act is exercisable by statutory rule for the purposes of the Statutory Rules (Northern Ireland) Order 1979 (S.I. 1979/1573 (N.I. 12)).

(7)Orders and regulations made by a Northern Ireland department under this Act are subject to negative resolution (within the meaning of section 41(6) of the Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954 (c. 33 (N.I.))).

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F69Words in s. 24(1)(2) repealed (8.1.2007) by Legislative and Regulatory Reform Act 2006 (c. 51), ss. 30, 33, Sch. (with s. 30(2)-(5))

F70Words in s. 24(3) repealed (8.1.2007) by Legislative and Regulatory Reform Act 2006 (c. 51), ss. 30, 33, Sch. (with s. 30(2)-(5))

25InterpretationE+W+S+N.I.

[F73(1)]In this Act—

  • the acquired gender” is to be construed in accordance with section 1(2),

  • approved country or territory” has the meaning given by section 2(4),

  • the appointed day” means the day appointed by order under section 26,

  • F74. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • enactment” includes an enactment contained in an Act of the Scottish Parliament or in any Northern Ireland legislation,

  • “ full gender recognition certificate ”and “ interim gender recognition certificate ” mean the certificates issued as such under section 4 [F75, [F765 or 5A [F764C, 4E, 4F, 5, 5A or 5D]]] and “gender recognition certificate” means either of those sorts of certificate,

  • gender dysphoria” means the disorder variously referred to as gender dysphoria, gender identity disorder and transsexualism,

  • “Gender Recognition Panel” (and “Panel”) is to be construed in accordance with Schedule 1,

  • [F77protected civil partnership” means a civil partnership under the law of England and Wales;

  • protected marriage ” means—

    (a) a marriage under the law of England and Wales, or

    (b) a marriage under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom,]

  • [F78"protected Scottish civil partnership" means a civil partnership registered in Scotland,

  • "protected Scottish marriage" means a marriage solemnised in Scotland, ]

  • [F79registered psychologist ” means a person registered in the part of the register maintained under [F80the Health and Social Work Professions Order 2001] which relates to practitioner psychologists; ]

  • [F81statutory declaration of consent ” has the meaning given by section 3(6B)(a), ]

  • subordinate legislation ” means an Order in Council, an order, rules, regulations, a scheme, a warrant, bye-laws or any other instrument made under an enactment, and

  • UK birth register entry ” has the meaning given by section 10(2).

[F82(2)A civil partnership which was registered outside the United Kingdom under an Order in Council made under Chapter 1 of Part 5 of the Civil Partnership Act 2004 is to be treated for the purposes of this Act as having been registered in Scotland if—

(a)the parties to the civil partnership elected Scotland as the relevant part of the United Kingdom under the Order, and

(b)details of the civil partnership have been sent to the Registrar General for Scotland.

(3)A marriage which was registered outside the United Kingdom under the Foreign Marriage Act 1892 (other than a marriage registered by virtue of section 18 of that Act) is to be treated for the purposes of this Act as having been solemnised in Scotland if details of the marriage have been sent to the Registrar General for Scotland.

(4)A marriage which was solemnised outside the United Kingdom and registered under an Order in Council made under the Registration of Births, Deaths and Marriages (Special Provisions) Act 1957 is to be treated for the purposes of this Act as having been solemnised in Scotland if details of the marriage have been sent to the Registrar General for Scotland.

(5)A consular marriage in relation to which the relevant part of the United Kingdom is Scotland is to be treated for the purposes of this Act as having been solemnised in Scotland.

(6)In subsection (5)—

  • consular marriage ” means a marriage solemnised in accordance with Part 1 of Schedule 6 to the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013 and any Order in Council made under it,

  • relevant part of the United Kingdom ”, in relation to such a marriage, means the part of the United Kingdom determined in accordance with paragraph 1(2)(b) of that Part of that Schedule for the purposes of the marriage. ]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F73 S. 25(1): s. 25 renumbered as s. 25(1) (S.) (16.12.2014) by Marriage and Civil Partnership (Scotland) Act 2014 (asp 5) , s. 36 , Sch. 2 para. 2(a) ; S.S.I. 2014/287 , art. 3 , Sch.

F75 Words in s. 25 substituted (5.12.2005) by Civil Partnership Act 2004 (c. 33) , ss. 250(7) , 263 ; S.I. 2005/3175 , art. 3 , Sch. 2

F77 S. 25: definitions of "protected civil partnership" and "protected marriage" inserted (10.12.2014) by Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013 (c. 30) , s. 21(3) , Sch. 5 para. 14(a) ; S.I. 2014/3169 , art. 2

F78 S. 25(1): definitions of "protected Scottish civil partnership" and "protected Scottish marriage" inserted (S.) (16.12.2014) by Marriage and Civil Partnership (Scotland) Act 2014 (asp 5) , s. 36 , Sch. 2 para. 2(c) ; S.S.I. 2014/287 , art. 3 , Sch.

F80 Words in s. 25 substituted (1.8.2012) by Health and Social Care Act 2012 (c. 7) , ss. 213(8)(d) , 306(4) (with s. 230(6) ); S.I. 2012/1319 , art. 2(4)

F81 S. 25: definition of "statutory declaration of consent" inserted (10.12.2014) by Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013 (c. 30) , s. 21(3) , Sch. 5 para. 14(b) ; S.I. 2014/3169 , art. 2

26CommencementE+W+S+N.I.

Apart from sections 23 to 25, this section and sections 28 and 29, this Act does not come into force until such day as the Secretary of State may appoint by order made after consulting the Scottish Ministers and the Department of Finance and Personnel in Northern Ireland.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Subordinate Legislation Made

P1S. 26 power fully exercised: 4.5.2005 appointed by {S.I. 2005/54}, art. 2

27Applications within two years of commencementE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies where applications are made under section 1(1)(a) during the period of two years beginning with the appointed day (“the initial period”).

(2)Section 2(1)(a) has effect as if there were inserted at the end “or has undergone surgical treatment for the purpose of modifying sexual characteristics,”.

(3)In the case of an application which—

(a)is made during the first six months of the initial period, or

(b)is made during the rest of the initial period and is based on the applicant having undergone surgical treatment for the purpose of modifying sexual characteristics,

section 2(1)(b) has effect as if for “two” there were substituted “six”.

(4)Subsections (5) and (6) apply in the case of an application to which subsection (3) applies and in the case of an application—

(a)made during the rest of the initial period,

(b)based on the applicant having or having had gender dysphoria, and

(c)including a statutory declaration by the applicant that the applicant has lived in the acquired gender throughout the period of six years ending with the date on which the application is made.

(5)Section 3 has effect as if for subsections (1) to (3) there were substituted—

(1)An application under section 1(1)(a) must include either—

(a)a report made by a registered medical practitioner, or

(b)a report made by a [F83registered psychologist] practising in the field of gender dysphoria.

(2)Where the application is based on the applicant having or having had gender dysphoria—

(a)the reference in subsection (1) to a registered medical practitioner is to one practising in the field of gender dysphoria, and

(b)that subsection is not complied with unless the report includes details of the diagnosis of the applicant’s gender dysphoria.

(3)Subsection (1) is not complied with in a case where—

(a)the applicant has undergone or is undergoing treatment for the purpose of modifying sexual characteristics, or

(b)treatment for that purpose has been prescribed or planned for the applicant,

unless the report required by that subsection includes details of it.

(6)Paragraph 4(2) of Schedule 1 has effect with the omission of paragraph (b).

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

28ExtentE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The following provisions extend only to England and Wales—

(a)Part 1 of Schedule 2,

(b)Part 1 of Schedule 3, and

(c)Part 1 of Schedule 4.

(2)The following provisions extend only to Scotland—

(a)section 24(5),

(b)Part 2 of Schedule 2,

(c)Part 2 of Schedule 3, and

(d)Part 2 of Schedule 4.

(3)The following provisions extend only to England and Wales and Scotland—

(a)paragraphs 12, 14 and 16 of Schedule 5, and

(b)Part 1 of Schedule 6.

(4)The following provisions extend only to Northern Ireland—

(a)section 23(3) and (4),

(b)section 24(6) and (7),

(c)Part 3 of Schedule 2,

(d)Part 3 of Schedule 3,

(e)Part 3 of Schedule 4,

(f)paragraphs 13, 15 and 17 of Schedule 5, and

(g)Part 2 of Schedule 6.

(5)Subject to subsections (1) to (4), this Act extends to Northern Ireland (as well as to England and Wales and Scotland).

29Short titleE+W+S+N.I.

This Act may be cited as the Gender Recognition Act 2004.

SCHEDULES

Section 1

SCHEDULE 1E+W+S+N.I.Gender Recognition Panels

List of persons eligible to sitE+W+S+N.I.

1(1)[F84Subject to sub-paragraph (1A), the Lord Chancellor] must, after consulting the Scottish Ministers and the Department of Finance and Personnel in Northern Ireland, make appointments to a list of persons eligible to sit as members of Gender Recognition Panels.E+W+S+N.I.

[F85(1A)The Lord Chancellor may appoint a person under sub-paragraph (1) only with the concurrence of all of the following—

(a)the Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales;

(b)the Lord President of the Court of Session;

(c)the Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland.]

(2)The only persons who may be appointed to the list are persons who—

(a)have a relevant legal qualification (“legal members”), or

(b)are registered medical practitioners or [F86registered psychologists] (“medical members”).

(3)The following have a relevant legal qualification—

(a)a person who has a 7 year general qualification within the meaning of section 71 of the Courts and Legal Services Act 1990 (c. 41),

(b)an advocate or solicitor in Scotland of at least seven years' standing, and

(c)a member of the Bar of Northern Ireland or [F87solicitor of the Court of Judicature of Northern Ireland] of at least seven years' standing.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F87Words in Sch. 1 para. 1(3)(c) substituted (1.10.2009) by Constitutional Reform Act 2005 (c. 4), ss. 59, 148, Sch. 11 para. 5; S.I. 2009/1604, art. 2(d)

PresidentE+W+S+N.I.

2(1)[F88Subject to sub-paragraph (1A), the Lord Chancellor] must, after consulting the Scottish Ministers and the Department of Finance and Personnel in Northern Ireland—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)appoint one of the legal members to be the President of Gender Recognition Panels (“the President”), and

(b)appoint another of the legal members to be the Deputy President of Gender Recognition Panels (“the Deputy President”).

[F89(1A)The Lord Chancellor may appoint a person under sub-paragraph (1) only with the concurrence of all of the following—

(a)the Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales;

(b)the Lord President of the Court of Session;

(c)the Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland.]

(2)The Deputy President has the functions of the President—

(a)if the President is unavailable, and

(b)during any vacancy in the office of President.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Tenure of persons appointed to listE+W+S+N.I.

3Persons on the list—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)hold and vacate their appointments in accordance with the terms on which they are appointed, and

(b)are eligible for re-appointment at the end of their period of appointment.

Membership of PanelsE+W+S+N.I.

4(1)The President must make arrangements for determining the membership of Panels.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)The arrangements must ensure that a Panel determining an application under section 1(1)(a) includes—

(a)at least one legal member, and

(b)at least one medical member.

[F90(3)But a Panel need not include a medical member when determining an application under section 1(1)(a) for a certificate to be granted in accordance with section 3A.]

[F91(4)But a Panel need not include a medical member when determining an application under section 1(1)(a) for a certificate to be granted in accordance with section 3C.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F90Sch. 1 para. 4(3) inserted (E.W.S.) (10.12.2014) by Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013 (c. 30), s. 21(3), Sch. 5 para. 20; S.I. 2014/3169, art. 2

5The arrangements must ensure that a Panel determining an application under section 1(1)(b), 5(2) [F92, 5A(2)] or 6(1) includes at least one legal member.E+W+S+N.I.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F92Words in Sch. 1 para. 5 inserted (5.12.2005) by Civil Partnership Act 2004 (c. 33), ss. 250(8), 263; S.I. 2005/3175, art. 3, Sch. 2

ProcedureE+W+S+N.I.

6(1)Where a Panel consists of more than one member, either the President or Deputy President or another legal member nominated by the President must preside.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)Decisions of a Panel consisting of more than one member may be taken by majority vote (and, if its members are evenly split, the member presiding has a casting vote).

(3)Panels are to determine applications in private.

(4)A Panel must determine an application without a hearing unless the Panel considers that a hearing is necessary.

(5)The President mayF93... give directions about the practice and procedure of Panels.

(6)Panels must give reasons for their decisions.

(7)Where a Panel has determined an application, the Secretary of State must communicate to the applicant the Panel’s decision and its reasons for making its decision.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Staff and facilitiesE+W+S+N.I.

7The Secretary of State may make staff and other facilities available to Panels.E+W+S+N.I.

MoneyE+W+S+N.I.

8(1)The Secretary of State may pay sums by way of remuneration, allowances and expenses to members of Panels.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)The Secretary of State may pay compensation to a person who ceases to be on the list if the Secretary of State thinks it appropriate to do so because of special circumstances.

DelegationE+W+S+N.I.

[F948A(1)The Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales may nominate a judicial office holder (as defined in section 109(4) of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005) to exercise any of his functions under this Schedule.

(2)The Lord President of the Court of Session may nominate a judge of the Court of Session who is a member of the First or Second Division of the Inner House of that Court to exercise his functions under this Schedule.

(3)The Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland may nominate any of the following to exercise his functions under this Schedule—

(a)the holder of one of the offices listed in Schedule 1 to the Justice (Northern Ireland) Act 2002;

(b)a Lord Justice of Appeal (as defined in section 88 of that Act).]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

[F95Tribunals and Inquiries Act 1992]E+W+S+N.I.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

9In Schedule 1 to the Tribunals and Inquiries Act 1992 (c. 53) ([F96tribunals to which that Act applies]), before paragraph 22 insert— E+W+S+N.I.

Gender Recognition21AA. Gender Recognition Panels constituted under Schedule 1 to the Gender Recognition Act 2004 (c. 7).
Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

DisqualificationE+W+S+N.I.

10In Part 3 of Schedule 1 to the House of Commons Disqualification Act 1975 (c. 24) (offices disqualifying person from membership of House of Commons), at the appropriate place insert— “ Person on the list of those eligible to sit as members of a Gender Recognition Panel. ”E+W+S+N.I.

11In Part 3 of Schedule 1 to the Northern Ireland Assembly Disqualification Act 1975 (c. 25) (offices disqualifying persons from membership of Northern Ireland Assembly), at the appropriate place insert— “ Person on the list of those eligible to sit as members of a Gender Recognition Panel. ”E+W+S+N.I.

Section 4

SCHEDULE 2E+W+S+N.I.Interim certificates: marriage

Part 1 E+WEngland and Wales

1The Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 (c. 18) is amended as follows.E+W

2In section 12 (grounds on which a marriage celebrated after 31st July 1971 is voidable), after paragraph (f) insert—E+W

(g)that an interim gender recognition certificate under the Gender Recognition Act 2004 has, after the time of the marriage, been issued to either party to the marriage;.

3In section 13 (bars to relief), after subsection (2) insert—E+W

(2A)Without prejudice to subsection (1) above, the court shall not grant a decree of nullity by virtue of section 12 above on the ground mentioned in paragraph (g) of that section unless it is satisfied that proceedings were instituted within the period of six months from the date of issue of the interim gender recognition certificate.

4(1)Paragraph 11 of Schedule 1 (grounds on which a marriage celebrated before 1st August 1971 is voidable) is amended as follows.E+W

(2)In sub-paragraph (1), after paragraph (d) insert or

(e)that an interim gender recognition certificate under the Gender Recognition Act 2004 has been issued to either party to the marriage;.

(3)After sub-paragraph (3) insert—

(3A)The court shall not grant a decree of nullity in a case falling within sub-paragraph (1)(e) above unless it is satisfied that proceedings were instituted within six months from the date of issue of the interim gender recognition certificate.

Part 2 SScotland

5The Divorce (Scotland) Act 1976 (c. 39) is amended as follows.S

6(1)In subsection (1) of section 1 (grounds on which decree of divorce may be granted)—S

(a)the words “the marriage has broken down irretrievably” become paragraph (a), and

(b)after that paragraph insert or

(b)an interim gender recognition certificate under the Gender Recognition Act 2004 has, after the date of the marriage, been issued to either party to the marriage.

(2)Accordingly, the title of that section becomes “ Grounds of divorce ”.

7In section 2(1) (encouragement of reconciliation), for “in an action for divorce” substitute “ under paragraph (a) of section 1(1) ”.S

Part 3 N.I.Northern Ireland

8The Matrimonial Causes (Northern Ireland) Order 1978 (S.I. 1978/1045 (N.I. 15)) is amended as follows.N.I.

9In Article 14 (grounds on which a marriage celebrated after the commencement of that Article is voidable), after paragraph (f) insert—N.I.

(g)that an interim gender recognition certificate under the Gender Recognition Act 2004 has, after the time of the marriage, been issued to either party to the marriage;.

10In Article 16 (bars to relief), after paragraph (2) insert—N.I.

(2A)Without prejudice to paragraph (1), the court shall not grant a decree of nullity by virtue of Article 14 on the ground mentioned in paragraph (g) of that Article unless it is satisfied that proceedings were instituted within the period of six months from the date of issue of the interim gender recognition certificate.

11(1)Paragraph 18 of Schedule 3 (grounds on which a marriage celebrated before the commencement of Article 14 is voidable) is amended as follows.N.I.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1), after paragraph (d) insert or

(e)that an interim gender recognition certificate under the Gender Recognition Act 2004 has been issued to either party to the marriage;.

(3)After sub-paragraph (4) insert—

(4A)The court shall not grant a decree of nullity in a case falling within sub-paragraph (1)(e) unless it is satisfied that proceedings were instituted within six months from the date of issue of the interim gender recognition certificate.

Section 10

SCHEDULE 3E+W+S+N.I.Registration

Part 1E+WEngland and Wales

IntroductoryE+W

1In this Part—E+W

  • the Registrar General” means the Registrar General for England and Wales, and

  • the 1953 Act” means the Births and Deaths Registration Act 1953 (c. 20).

Gender Recognition RegisterE+W

2(1)The Registrar General must maintain, in the General Register Office, a register to be called the Gender Recognition Register.E+W

(2)In this Part “the Gender Recognition Register” means the register maintained under sub-paragraph (1).

(3)The form in which the Gender Recognition Register is maintained is to be determined by the Registrar General.

(4)The Gender Recognition Register is not to be open to public inspection or search.

Entries in Gender Recognition Register and marking of existing birth register entriesE+W

3(1)If the Registrar General receives under section 10(1) a copy of a full gender recognition certificate issued to a person, the Registrar General must—E+W

(a)make an entry in the Gender Recognition Register containing such particulars as may be prescribed in relation to the person’s birth and any other prescribed matter,

(b)secure that the UK birth register entry is marked in such manner as may be prescribed, and

(c)make traceable the connection between the entry in the Gender Recognition Register and the UK birth register entry.

(2)Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply if the certificate was issued after an application under section 6(1) and that sub-paragraph has already been complied with in relation to the person.

(3)No certified copy of the UK birth register entry and no short certificate of birth compiled from that entry is to include anything marked by virtue of sub-paragraph (1)(b).

(4)Information kept by the Registrar General for the purposes of sub-paragraph (1)(c) is not to be open to public inspection or search.

(5)Prescribed” means prescribed by regulations made by the Registrar General with the approval of [F97the Secretary of State].

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C5Sch. 3 para. 3(5): functions transferred (3.4.2008) by The Transfer of Functions (Registration) Order 2008 (S.I. 2008/678), art. 3(1), Sch. 1 para. 13 (with art. 4)

Indexing of entries in Gender Recognition RegisterE+W

4(1)The Registrar General must make arrangements for each entry made in the Gender Recognition Register to be included in the relevant index kept in the General Register Office.E+W

(2)Any right to search the relevant index includes the right to search entries included in it by virtue of sub-paragraph (1).

(3)Where by virtue of sub-paragraph (1) an index includes entries in the Gender Recognition Register, the index must not disclose that fact.

(4)The relevant index”, in relation to an entry made in the Gender Recognition Register in relation to a person, means the index of the certified copies of entries in registers, or of entries in registers, which includes the person’s UK birth register entry.

Certified copies of entries in Gender Recognition RegisterE+W

5(1)Anyone who may have a certified copy of the UK birth register entry of a person issued with a full gender recognition certificate may have a certified copy of the entry made in relation to the person in the Gender Recognition Register.E+W

(2)Any fee which would be payable for a certified copy of the person’s UK birth register entry is payable for a certified copy of the entry made in relation to the person in the Gender Recognition Register.

(3)If the person’s UK birth register entry is an entry in the Gender Recognition Register, sub-paragraph (1) applies as if the person’s UK birth register entry were the most recent entry within section 10(2)(a) or (b) containing a record of the person’s birth or adoption which is not an entry in the Gender Recognition Register.

(4)A certified copy of an entry in the Gender Recognition Register must not disclose the fact that the entry is contained in the Gender Recognition Register.

(5)A certified copy of an entry in the Gender Recognition Register must be sealed or stamped with the seal of the General Register Office.

Short certificates of birth compiled from Gender Recognition RegisterE+W

6Where a short certificate of birth under section 33 of the 1953 Act is compiled from the Gender Recognition Register, the certificate must not disclose that fact.E+W

Gender Recognition Register: re-registrationE+W

7(1)Section 10A of the 1953 Act (re-registration where parents not married) applies where an entry relating to a person’s birth has been made in the Gender Recognition Register as where the birth of a child has been registered under that Act.E+W

(2)In its application by virtue of sub-paragraph (1) section 10A has effect—

(a)as if the reference to the registrar in subsection (1) were to the Registrar General, and

(b)with the omission of subsection (2).

(3)Sections 14 and 14A of the 1953 Act (re-registration in cases of legitimation and after declaration of parentage) apply where an entry relating to a person’s birth has been made in the Gender Recognition Register as if the references in those sections to the Registrar General authorising re-registration of the person’s birth were to the Registrar General’s re-registering it.

Correction etc. of Gender Recognition RegisterE+W

8(1)Any power or duty of the Registrar General or any other person to correct, alter, amend, mark or cancel the marking of a person’s UK birth register entry is exercisable, or falls to be performed, by the Registrar General in relation to an entry in the Gender Recognition Register which—E+W

(a)relates to that person, and

(b)under paragraph 4(1) is included in the index which includes the person’s UK birth register entry.

(2)If the person’s UK birth register entry is an entry in the Gender Recognition Register, the references in sub-paragraph (1) to the person’s UK birth register entry are to the most recent entry within section 10(2)(a) or (b) containing a record of the person’s birth or adoption which is not an entry in the Gender Recognition Register.

(3)The Registrar General may correct the Gender Recognition Register by entry in the margin (without any alteration of the original entry) in consequence of the issue of a full gender recognition certificate after an application under section 6(1).

Revocation of gender recognition certificate etc.E+W

9(1)This paragraph applies if, after an entry has been made in the Gender Recognition Register in relation to a person, the High Court or the Court of Session makes an order under section 8(6) quashing the decision to grant the person’s application under section 1(1) [F98, 5(2) or 5A(2)].E+W

(2)The High Court or the Court of Session must inform the Registrar General.

(3)Subject to any appeal, the Registrar General must—

(a)cancel the entry in the Gender Recognition Register, and

(b)cancel, or secure the cancellation, of any marking of an entry relating to the person made by virtue of paragraph 3(1)(b).

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F98Words in Sch. 3 para. 9(1) substituted (5.12.2005) by Civil Partnership Act 2004 (c. 33), ss. 250(9), 263; S.I. 2005/3175, art. 3, Sch. 2

EvidenceE+W

10(1)Section 34(5) of the 1953 Act (certified copy of entry in register under that Act deemed to be true copy) applies in relation to the Gender Recognition Register as if it were a register under that Act.E+W

(2)A certified copy of an entry made in the Gender Recognition Register in relation to a person is to be received, without further or other proof, as evidence—

(a)if the relevant index is the index of the Adopted Children Register, of the matters of which a certified copy of an entry in that Register is evidence,

(b)if the relevant index is the index of the Parental Order Register, of the matters of which a certified copy of an entry in that Register is evidence, and

(c)otherwise, of the person’s birth.

(3)And any certified copy which is receivable in evidence of any matter in Northern Ireland by virtue of paragraph 31(2)(a) or (b) of this Schedule is also receivable as evidence of that matter in England and Wales.

Regulatory reformE+W

11F99. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F99Sch. 3 para. 11 repealed (8.1.2007) by Legislative and Regulatory Reform Act 2006 (c. 51), ss. 30, 33, Sch. (with s. 30(2)-(5))

[F100Registration of marriages and civil partnershipsE+W

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F100Sch. 3 para. 11A and cross-heading inserted (30.6.2014 for specified purposes, 10.12.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013 (c. 30), s. 21(3), Sch. 5 para. 9(2); S.I. 2014/1662, art. 2(b); S.I. 2014/3169, art. 2

11A(1)The Registrar General may make regulations about—E+W

(a)the registration of qualifying marriages, and

(b)the registration of qualifying civil partnerships.

(2)The regulations may, in particular, provide for the maintenance of—

(a)a separate register in relation to qualifying marriages, and

(b)a separate register in relation to qualifying civil partnerships.

(3)In this paragraph—

  • qualifying civil partnership ” means a civil partnership under the law of England and Wales in a case where a full gender recognition certificate has been issued to each of the civil partners;

  • qualifying marriage ” means a marriage under the law of England and Wales in a case where a full gender recognition certificate has been issued to one, or each, of the spouses. ]

Part 2 SScotland

IntroductoryS

12In this Part—S

  • the Registrar General” means the Registrar General for Scotland, and

  • the 1965 Act” means the Registration of Births, Deaths and Marriages (Scotland) Act 1965 (c. 49).

Gender Recognition RegisterS

13(1)The Registrar General must maintain, in the General Register Office of Births, Deaths and Marriages in Scotland, a register to be called the Gender Recognition Register.S

(2)In this Part “the Gender Recognition Register” means the register maintained under sub-paragraph (1).

(3)The form in which the Gender Recognition Register is maintained is to be determined by the Registrar General.

(4)The Gender Recognition Register is not to be open to public inspection or search.

Entries in Gender Recognition RegisterS

14(1)If the Registrar General receives under section 10(1) a copy of a full gender recognition certificate issued to a person, the Registrar General must—S

(a)make an entry in the Gender Recognition Register containing such particulars as may be prescribed in relation to the person’s birth and any other prescribed matter, and

(b)otherwise than by annotating in any way the birth register, make traceable the connection between the UK birth register entry and the entry in the Gender Recognition Register.

(2)Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply if the gender recognition certificate was issued after an application under section 6(1) and that sub-paragraph has already been complied with in relation to the person.

(3)Information kept by the Registrar General for the purposes of sub-paragraph (1)(b) is not to be open to public inspection or search.

(4)Prescribed” means prescribed by regulations made by the Registrar General with the approval of the Scottish Ministers.

Indexing of entries in Gender Recognition RegisterS

15(1)The Registrar General must make arrangements for each entry made in the Gender Recognition Register to be included in an index of such entries kept in the General Register Office of Births, Deaths and Marriages in Scotland.S

(2)Whenever the Registrar General causes a search to be made under subsection (2)(a) of section 38 of the 1965 Act (search of indexes of entries in the registers of births, deaths and marriages) on behalf of any person, he must also, without payment of any fee additional to the fee or fees prescribed under that section—

(a)cause a search to be made of the index of entries in the Gender Recognition Register on behalf of that person, and

(b)issue to that person an extract of any such entry provided that (disregarding, for the purposes of subsection (4)(j) of section 22, this paragraph) disclosure of the entry to the person would not constitute an offence under that section.

Extracts of entries in Gender Recognition RegisterS

16(1)This paragraph applies in respect of an extract issued under paragraph 15(2)(b).S

(2)Except as regards the sex and name of the person to whom it relates, the extract must have the form and content it would have had had it been an extract from the register of births of the entry relating to that person.

(3)The extract must not disclose the fact that the entry is contained in the Gender Recognition Register.

[F101Abbreviated extracts of birth compiled from Gender Recognition RegisterF101]S

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

[F10217Where an abbreviated extract of birth under section 39E F103 of the 1965 Act is compiled from the Gender Recognition Register, the extract must not disclose that fact.F102]S

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F103As inserted by the Local Electoral Administration and Registration Services (Scotland) Act 2006 (“the 2006 Act”), section 44(5).

Gender Recognition Register: correction, re-registration etc.S

18Section 18A(2) (decrees of parentage and non-parentage), [F104section 20(1)](re-registration in certain cases), section 42(1) and (5) (correction of errors), section 43(1), (2) and (5) to (9) (recording change of name or surname) and section 44 (Register of Corrections etc.) of the 1965 Act apply in relation to the Gender Recognition Register as they apply in relation to the register of births.S

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Revocation of gender recognition certificate etc.S

19(1)This paragraph applies if, after an entry has been made in the Gender Recognition Register in relation to a person, the High Court or the Court of Session makes an order under section 8(6) quashing the decision to grant the person’s application under section 1(1) [F1054C, 4E, 4F, ] [F106, 5(2) or 5A(2)].S

(2)The High Court or the Court of Session must inform the Registrar General.

(3)Subject to any appeal, the Registrar General must cancel the entry in the Gender Recognition Register.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F106Words in Sch. 3 para. 19(1) substituted (5.12.2005) by Civil Partnership Act 2004 (c. 33), ss. 250(9), 263; S.I. 2005/3175, art. 3, Sch. 2

Authentication and admissibilityS

20[F107 sections 41 and 41A ]F108 of the 1965 Act (authentication of extracts etc. and their admissibility as evidence) [F109apply] in relation to the Gender Recognition Register as in relation to the registers kept under the provisions of that Act.S

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F108As inserted by the 2006 Act, section 44(6).

[F11020A(1)The Registrar General may, with the approval of the Scottish Ministers, make regulations about—S

(a)the registration of qualifying Scottish marriages, and

(b)the registration of qualifying Scottish civil partnerships.

(2)Regulations under sub-paragraph (1) may in particular make provision for fees to be payable in respect of things done under the regulations.

(3)Regulations under sub-paragraph (1) may make different provision for different cases or circumstances.

(4)In this paragraph—

  • “qualifying Scottish civil partnership”means a civil partnership registered in Scotland in a case where a full gender recognition certificate has been issued to each of the civil partners,

  • qualifying Scottish marriage ” means a marriage solemnised in Scotland in a case where a full gender recognition certificate has been issued to one, or each, of the spouses. ]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F110Sch. 3 para. 20A inserted (1.9.2014 for specified purposes, 16.12.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Marriage and Civil Partnership (Scotland) Act 2014 (asp 5), s. 36, Sch. 2 para. 9(2)(b); S.S.I. 2014/212, art. 2, Sch. (as amended (1.9.2014) by S.S.I. 2014/218, art. 2(3), Sch.); S.S.I. 2014/287, art. 3, Sch.

Part 3 N.I.Northern Ireland

IntroductoryN.I.

21In this Part—N.I.

  • the Registrar General” means the Registrar General for Northern Ireland, and

  • the 1976 Order” means the Births and Deaths Registration (Northern Ireland) Order 1976 (S.I. 1976/1041 (N.I. 14)).

Gender Recognition RegisterN.I.

22(1)The Registrar General must maintain, in the General Register Office in Northern Ireland, a register to be called the Gender Recognition Register.N.I.

(2)In this Part “the Gender Recognition Register” means the register maintained under sub-paragraph (1).

(3)The form in which the Gender Recognition Register is maintained is to be determined by the Registrar General.

(4)[F111Subject to sub-paragraph (5), the] Gender Recognition Register is not to be open to public inspection or search.

[F112(5)The Department of Finance and Personnel may by regulations make provision for any person to have access, on payment of the prescribed fee, to any information contained in the Gender Recognition Register.

(6)Regulations under sub-paragraph (5) may provide that the relevant period must have expired in relation to the information.

(7) In sub-paragraph (6) “ the relevant period ” in relation to information relating to a person means the period of 100 years from the date of that person's birth or such other period as may be prescribed.

(8)Regulations under sub-paragraph (5) may provide for the Registrar General—

(a)to make arrangements with any person for the purpose of providing access to information as mentioned in that sub-paragraph; and

(b)for that purpose to transfer information to that person subject to conditions (including conditions as to the making of payments by that person to the Registrar General).]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F111Words in Sch. 3 para. 22(4) substituted (16.11.2012) by Civil Registration Act (Northern Ireland) 2011 (c. 20), ss. 26(2), 34; S.R. 2012/406, art. 2, Sch.

Entries in Gender Recognition Register and marking of existing birth register entriesN.I.

23(1)If the Registrar General receives under section 10(1) a copy of a full gender recognition certificate issued to a person, the Registrar General must—N.I.

(a)make an entry in the Gender Recognition Register containing such particulars as may be prescribed in relation to the person’s birth and any other prescribed matter,

(b)secure that the UK birth register entry is marked in such manner as may be prescribed, and

(c)make traceable the connection between the entry in the Gender Recognition Register and the UK birth register entry.

(2)Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply if the gender recognition certificate was issued after an application under section 6(1) and that sub-paragraph has already been complied with in relation to the person.

(3)No certified copy of the UK birth register entry and no short certificate of birth compiled from that entry is to include anything marked by virtue of sub-paragraph (1)(b).

(4)Information kept by the Registrar General for the purposes of sub-paragraph (1)(c) is not to be open to public inspection or search.

(5)Prescribed” means prescribed by regulations made by the Department of Finance and Personnel.

Indexing of entries in Gender Recognition RegisterN.I.

24(1)The Registrar General must make arrangements for each entry made in the Gender Recognition Register to be included in the relevant index kept in the General Register Office in Northern Ireland.N.I.

(2)Any right to search the relevant index includes the right to search entries included in it by virtue of sub-paragraph (1).

(3)Where by virtue of sub-paragraph (1) an index includes entries in the Gender Recognition Register, the index must not disclose that fact.

(4)The relevant index”, in relation to an entry made in the Gender Recognition Register in relation to a person, means the index of the entries in registers which includes the UK birth register entry.

Certified copies of entries in Gender Recognition RegisterN.I.

25(1)Anyone who may have a certified copy of the UK birth register entry of a person issued with a full gender recognition certificate may have a certified copy of the entry made in relation to the person in the Gender Recognition Register.N.I.

(2)Any fee which would be payable for a certified copy of the person’s UK birth register entry is payable for a certified copy of the entry made in relation to the person in the Gender Recognition Register.

(3)If the person’s UK birth register entry is an entry in the Gender Recognition Register, sub-paragraph (1) applies as if the person’s UK birth register entry were the most recent entry within section 10(2)(a) or (b) containing a record of the person’s birth or adoption which is not an entry in the Gender Recognition Register.

(4)A certified copy of an entry in the Gender Recognition Register must not disclose the fact that the entry is contained in the Gender Recognition Register.

(5)A certified copy of an entry in the Gender Recognition Register must be sealed or stamped with the seal of the General Register Office in Northern Ireland.

Short certificates of birth compiled from Gender Recognition RegisterN.I.

26Where a short certificate of birth under Article 40 of the 1976 Order is compiled from the Gender Recognition Register, the certificate must not disclose that fact.N.I.

Gender Recognition Register: re-registrationN.I.

27Articles 18, 19 and 19A of the 1976 Order (re-registration of births) apply where an entry relating to a person’s birth has been made in the Gender Recognition Register as if the references in those Articles to the Registrar General authorising re-registration of the person’s birth were to the Registrar General’s re-registering it.N.I.

Correction of errors in Gender Recognition RegisterN.I.

28(1)Any power or duty of the Registrar General to correct, alter, amend, mark or cancel the marking of a person’s UK birth register entry is exercisable, or falls to be performed, by the Registrar General in relation to an entry in the Gender Recognition Register which—N.I.

(a)relates to that person, and

(b)under paragraph 24(1) is included in the index which includes the person’s UK birth register entry.

(2)If the person’s UK birth register entry is an entry in the Gender Recognition Register, the references in sub-paragraph (1) to the person’s UK birth register entry are to the most recent entry within section 10(2)(a) or (b) containing a record of the person’s birth or adoption which is not an entry in the Gender Recognition Register.

(3)The Registrar General may correct the Gender Recognition Register by entry in the margin (without any alteration of the original entry) in consequence of the issue of a full gender recognition certificate after an application under section 6(1).

Revocation of gender recognition certificate etc.N.I.

29(1)This paragraph applies if, after an entry has been made in the Gender Recognition Register in relation to a person, the High Court or the Court of Session makes an order under section 8(6) quashing the decision to grant the person’s application under section 1(1) [F113, 5(2) or 5A(2)].N.I.

(2)The High Court or the Court of Session must inform the Registrar General.

(3)Subject to any appeal, the Registrar General must—

(a)cancel the entry in the Gender Recognition Register, and

(b)cancel, or secure the cancellation of, any marking of an entry relating to the person made by virtue of paragraph 23(1)(b).

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F113Words in Sch. 3 para. 29(1) substituted (5.12.2005) by Civil Partnership Act 2004 (c. 33), ss. 250(9), 263; S.I. 2005/3175, art. 3, Sch. 2

Change of nameN.I.

30Paragraphs (4) to (6) of Article 37 of the 1976 Order (change of name) apply in relation to the Gender Recognition Register as they apply in relation to a register under that Order.N.I.

EvidenceN.I.

31(1)Article 42 of the 1976 Order (proof of age or death) applies in relation to the Gender Recognition Register as it applies in relation to a register under that Order.N.I.

(2)A certified copy of an entry made in the Gender Recognition Register in relation to a person is to be received, without further or other proof, as evidence—

(a)if the relevant index is the index of the Adopted Children Register, of the matters of which a certified copy of an entry in that Register is evidence,

(b)if the relevant index is the index of the Parental Order Register, of the matters of which a certified copy of an entry in that Register is evidence, and

(c)otherwise, of the person’s birth.

(3)And any certified copy which is receivable in evidence of any matter in England and Wales by virtue of paragraph 10(2)(a) or (b) of this Schedule is also receivable as evidence of that matter in Northern Ireland.

FeesN.I.

32Article 47 of the 1976 Order (fees for searches, certificates etc.) applies in relation to the Gender Recognition Register as it applies in relation to a register under that Order.N.I.

Section 11

SCHEDULE 4E+W+S+N.I.Effect on marriage

Part 1 E+WEngland and Wales

Marriage Act 1949 (c. 76)E+W

1The Marriage Act 1949 is amended as follows.E+W

2F114. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

3After section 5A insert—E+W

5BMarriages involving person of acquired gender

(1)A clergyman is not obliged to solemnise the marriage of a person if the clergyman reasonably believes that the person’s gender has become the acquired gender under the Gender Recognition Act 2004.

(2)A clerk in Holy Orders of the Church in Wales is not obliged to permit the marriage of a person to be solemnised in the church or chapel of which the clerk is the minister if the clerk reasonably believes that the person’s gender has become the acquired gender under that Act.

Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 (c. 18)E+W

4The Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 is amended as follows.E+W

5In section 12 (grounds on which a marriage celebrated after 31st July 1971 is voidable), insert at the end—E+W

(h)that the respondent is a person whose gender at the time of the marriage had become the acquired gender under the Gender Recognition Act 2004.

6In section 13(2), (3) and (4) (bars to relief), for “or (f)” substitute “ , (f) or (h) ”.E+W

Part 2 SScotland

Marriage (Scotland) Act 1977 (c. 15)S

7In section 2 of the Marriage (Scotland) Act 1977 (marriage of related persons), insert at the end—S

(6)Subsections (1A) and (1B) above and paragraphs 2 and 2A of Schedule 1 to this Act have effect subject to the following modifications in the case of a party to a marriage whose gender has become the acquired gender under the Gender Recognition Act 2004 (“the relevant person”).

(7)Any reference in those provisions to a former wife or former husband of the relevant person includes (respectively) any former husband or former wife of the relevant person.

(8)And—

(a)the reference in paragraph (b) of subsection (1B) above to the relevant person’s son’s mother is to the relevant person’s son’s father if the relevant person is the son’s mother; and

(b)the reference in paragraph (d) of that subsection to the relevant person’s daughter’s father is to the relevant person’s daughter’s mother if the relevant person is the daughter’s father.

Part 3 N.I.Northern Ireland

Family Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Order 1984 (S.I. 1984/1984 (N.I. 14))N.I.

8F115. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .N.I.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Matrimonial Causes (Northern Ireland) Order 1978 (S.I. 1978/1045 (N.I. 15))N.I.

9The Matrimonial Causes (Northern Ireland) Order 1978 is amended as follows.N.I.

10In Article 14 (grounds on which a marriage celebrated after the commencement of that Article is voidable), insert at the end—N.I.

(h)that the respondent is a person whose gender at the time of the marriage had become the acquired gender under the Gender Recognition Act 2004.

11In Article 16(2), (3) and (4) (bars to relief), for “or (f)” substitute “ , (f) or (h) ”.N.I.

Section 13

SCHEDULE 5E+W+S+N.I.Benefits and pensions

Part 1 E+W+S+N.I.Introductory

1This Schedule applies where a full gender recognition certificate is issued to a person.E+W+S+N.I.

Part 2 E+W+S+N.I.State benefits

IntroductoryE+W+S+N.I.

2(1)In this Part of this Schedule “the 1992 Act” means—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)in England and Wales and Scotland, the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992 (c. 4), and

(b)in Northern Ireland, the Social Security Contributions and Benefits (Northern Ireland) Act 1992 (c. 7).

(2)In this Part of this Schedule “the Administration Act” means—

(a)in England and Wales and Scotland, the Social Security Administration Act 1992 (c. 5), and

(b)in Northern Ireland, the Social Security Administration (Northern Ireland) Act 1992 (c. 8).

(3)Expressions used in this Part of this Schedule and in Part 2 of the 1992 Act have the same meaning in this Part of this Schedule as in Part 2 of the 1992 Act.

Widowed mother’s allowanceE+W+S+N.I.

3(1)If (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person is, or but for section 1 of the Administration Act would be, entitled to a widowed mother’s allowance under section 37 of the 1992 Act (allowance for woman whose husband died before 9th April 2001)—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)the person is not entitled to that allowance afterwards, but

(b)(instead) subsections (2) to (5) of section 39A of the 1992 Act (widowed parent’s allowance) apply in relation to the person.

(2)If (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person is (actually) entitled to a widowed mother’s allowance, the entitlement to widowed parent’s allowance conferred by sub-paragraph (1) is not subject to section 1 of the Administration Act.

Widow’s pensionE+W+S+N.I.

4If (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person is entitled to a widow’s pension under section 38 of the 1992 Act (pension for woman whose husband died before 9th April 2001), the person is not entitled to that pension afterwards.E+W+S+N.I.

Widowed parent’s allowanceE+W+S+N.I.

5If (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person is, or but for section 1 of the Administration Act would be, entitled to a widowed parent’s allowance by virtue of subsection (1)(b) of section 39A of the 1992 Act (allowance for man whose wife died before 9th April 2001), subsections (2) to (5) of that section continue to apply in relation to the person afterwards.E+W+S+N.I.

Long-term incapacity benefit etc.E+W+S+N.I.

6If (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person is entitled to incapacity benefit, or a Category A retirement pension, under—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)section 40 of the 1992 Act (long-term incapacity benefit etc. for woman whose husband died before 9th April 2001), or

(b)section 41 of the 1992 Act (long-term incapacity benefit etc. for man whose wife died before that date),

the person is not so entitled afterwards.

Category A retirement pensionE+W+S+N.I.

7(1)Any question—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)whether the person is entitled to a Category A retirement pension (under section 44 of the 1992 Act) for any period after the certificate is issued, and

(b)(if so) the rate at which the person is so entitled for the period,

is to be decided as if the person’s gender had always been the acquired gender.

(2)Accordingly, if (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person—

(a)is a woman entitled to a Category A retirement pension, but

(b)has not attained the age of 65,

the person ceases to be so entitled when it is issued.

(3)And, conversely, if (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person—

(a)is a man who has attained the age at which a woman of the same age attains pensionable age, but

(b)has not attained the age of 65,

the person is to be treated for the purposes of section 44 of the 1992 Act as attaining pensionable age when it is issued.

(4)But sub-paragraph (1) does not apply if and to the extent that the decision of any question to which it refers is affected by—

(a)the payment or crediting of contributions, or the crediting of earnings, in respect of a period ending before the certificate is issued, or

(b)preclusion from regular employment by responsibilities at home for such a period.

(5)Paragraph 10 makes provision about deferment of Category A retirement pensions.

Category B retirement pension etc.E+W+S+N.I.

8(1)Any question whether the person is entitled to—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)a Category B retirement pension (under section 48A, 48B, 48BB or 51 of the 1992 Act), or

(b)an increase in a Category A retirement pension under section 51A or 52 of the 1992 Act (increase in Category A retirement pension by reference to amount of Category B retirement pension),

for any period after the certificate is issued is (in accordance with section 9(1)) to be decided as if the person’s gender were the acquired gender (but subject to sub-paragraph (4)).

(2)Accordingly, if (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person is a woman entitled to—

(a)a Category B retirement pension, or

(b)an increase in a Category A retirement pension under section 51A or 52 of the 1992 Act,

the person may cease to be so entitled when it is issued.

(3)And, conversely, if (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person—

(a)is a man who has attained the age at which a woman of the same age attains pensionable age, but

(b)has not attained the age of 65,

the person is to be treated for the purposes of sections 48A, 48B and 48BB of the 1992 Act as attaining pensionable age when it is issued.

(4)But a person who is a man (immediately before the certificate is issued) is not entitled to a Category B retirement pension under section 48B of the 1992 Act for any period after it is issued if the person—

(a)attains (or has attained) the age of 65 before 6th April 2010, and

(b)would not have been entitled to a Category B retirement pension under section 51 of the 1992 Act for that period if still a man.

(5)Paragraph 10 makes provision about deferment of Category B retirement pensions.

Shared additional pensionE+W+S+N.I.

9(1)Any question—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)whether the person is entitled to a shared additional pension (under section 55A of the 1992 Act) for any period after the certificate is issued, and

(b)(if so) the rate at which the person is so entitled for the period,

is to be decided on the basis of the person attaining pensionable age on the same date as someone of the acquired gender (and the same age).

(2)Accordingly, if (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person—

(a)is a woman entitled to a shared additional pension, but

(b)has not attained the age of 65,

the person ceases to be so entitled when it is issued.

(3)And, conversely, if (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person—

(a)is a man who has attained the age at which a woman of the same age attains pensionable age, but

(b)has not attained the age of 65,

the person is to be treated for the purposes of section 55A of the 1992 Act as attaining pensionable age when it is issued.

(4)Paragraph 10 makes provision about deferment of shared additional pensions.

Deferment of pensionsE+W+S+N.I.

10(1)The person’s entitlement to—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)a Category A retirement pension,

(b)a Category B retirement pension, or

(c)a shared additional pension,

is not to be taken to have been deferred for any period ending before the certificate is issued unless the condition in sub-paragraph (2) is satisfied.

(2)The condition is that the entitlement both—

(a)was actually deferred during the period, and

(b)would have been capable of being so deferred had the person’s gender been the acquired gender.

Category C retirement pension for widowsE+W+S+N.I.

11If (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person is entitled to a Category C retirement pension under section 78(2) of the 1992 Act, the person is not entitled to that pension afterwards.E+W+S+N.I.

Graduated retirement benefit: Great BritainE+W+S

12(1)The provision that may be made by regulations under paragraph 15 of Schedule 3 to the Social Security (Consequential Provisions) Act 1992 (c. 6) (power to retain provisions repealed by Social Security Act 1973 (c. 38), with or without modification, for transitional purposes) includes provision modifying the preserved graduated retirement benefit provisions in consequence of this Act.E+W+S

(2)“The preserved graduated retirement benefit provisions” are the provisions of the National Insurance Act 1965 (c. 51) relating to graduated retirement benefit continued in force, with or without modification, by regulations having effect as if made under that paragraph.

Graduated retirement benefit: Northern IrelandN.I.

13(1)The provision that may be made by regulations under paragraph 15 of Schedule 3 to the Social Security (Consequential Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Act 1992 (c. 9) (corresponding power for Northern Ireland) includes provision modifying the Northern Ireland preserved graduated retirement benefit provisions in consequence of this Act.N.I.

(2)“The Northern Ireland preserved graduated retirement benefit provisions” are the provisions of the National Insurance Act (Northern Ireland) 1966 (c. 6 (N.I.)) relating to graduated retirement benefit continued in force, with or without modification, by regulations having effect as if made under that paragraph.

Part 3 E+W+S+N.I.Occupational pension schemes

Guaranteed minimum pensions etc.: Great BritainE+W+S

14(1)In this paragraph “the 1993 Act” means the Pension Schemes Act 1993 (c. 48); and expressions used in this paragraph and in that Act have the same meaning in this paragraph as in that Act.E+W+S

(2)The fact that the person’s gender has become the acquired gender does not affect the operation of section 14 of the 1993 Act (guaranteed minimum) in relation to the person, except to the extent that its operation depends on section 16 of the 1993 Act (revaluation); and sub-paragraphs (3) and (5) have effect subject to that.

(3)If (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person is a woman who is entitled to a guaranteed minimum pension but has not attained the age of 65—

(a)the person is for the purposes of section 13 of the 1993 Act and the guaranteed minimum pension provisions to be treated after it is issued as not having attained pensionable age (so that the entitlement ceases) but as attaining pensionable age on subsequently attaining the age of 65, and

(b)in a case where the person’s guaranteed minimum pension has commenced before the certificate is issued, it is to be treated for the purposes of Chapter 3 of Part 4 of the 1993 Act (anti-franking) as if it had not.

(4)But sub-paragraph (3)(a) does not—

(a)affect any pension previously paid to the person, or

(b)prevent section 15 of the 1993 Act (increase of guaranteed minimum where commencement of guaranteed minimum pension postponed) operating to increase the person’s guaranteed minimum by reason of a postponement of the commencement of the person’s guaranteed minimum pension for a period ending before the certificate is issued.

(5)If (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person is a man who—

(a)has attained the age of 60, but

(b)has not attained the age of 65,

the person is to be treated for the purposes of section 13 of the 1993 Act and the guaranteed minimum pension provisions as attaining pensionable age when it is issued.

(6)If at that time the person has attained the age of 65, the fact that the person’s gender has become the acquired gender does not affect the person’s pensionable age for those purposes.

(7)The fact that the person’s gender has become the acquired gender does not affect any guaranteed minimum pension to which the person is entitled as a widow or widower immediately before the certificate is issued (except in consequence of the operation of the previous provisions of this Schedule).

(8)If a transaction to which section 19 of the 1993 Act applies which is carried out before the certificate is issued discharges a liability to provide a guaranteed minimum pension for or in respect of the person, it continues to do so afterwards.

(9)The guaranteed minimum pension provision” means so much of the 1993 Act (apart from section 13) and of any other enactment as relates to guaranteed minimum pensions.

Guaranteed minimum pensions etc.: Northern IrelandN.I.

15(1)In this paragraph “the 1993 Act” means the Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993 (c. 49); and expressions used in this paragraph and in that Act have the same meaning in this paragraph as in that Act.N.I.

(2)The fact that the person’s gender has become the acquired gender does not affect the operation of section 10 of the 1993 Act (guaranteed minimum) in relation to the person, except to the extent that its operation depends on section 12 of the 1993 Act (revaluation); and sub-paragraphs (3) and (5) have effect subject to that.

(3)If (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person is a woman who is entitled to a guaranteed minimum pension but has not attained the age of 65—

(a)the person is for the purposes of section 9 of the 1993 Act and the guaranteed minimum pension provisions to be treated after it is issued as not having attained pensionable age (so that the entitlement ceases) but as attaining pensionable age on subsequently attaining the age of 65, and

(b)in a case where the person’s guaranteed minimum pension has commenced before the certificate is issued, it is to be treated for the purposes of Chapter 3 of Part 4 of the 1993 Act (anti-franking) as if it had not.

(4)But sub-paragraph (3)(a) does not—

(a)affect any pension previously paid to the person, or

(b)prevent section 11 of the 1993 Act (increase of guaranteed minimum where commencement of guaranteed minimum pension postponed) operating to increase the person’s guaranteed minimum by reason of a postponement of the commencement of the person’s guaranteed minimum pension for a period ending before the certificate is issued.

(5)If (immediately before the certificate is issued) the person is a man who—

(a)has attained the age of 60, but

(b)has not attained the age of 65,

the person is to be treated for the purposes of section 9 of the 1993 Act and the guaranteed minimum pension provisions as attaining pensionable age when it is issued.

(6)If at that time the person has attained the age of 65, the fact that the person’s gender has become the acquired gender does not affect the person’s pensionable age for those purposes.

(7)The fact that the person’s gender has become the acquired gender does not affect any guaranteed minimum pension to which the person is entitled as a widow or widower immediately before the certificate is issued (except in consequence of the operation of the previous provisions of this Schedule).

(8)If a transaction to which section 15 of the 1993 Act applies which is carried out before the certificate is issued discharges a liability to provide a guaranteed minimum pension for or in respect of the person, it continues to do so afterwards.

(9)The guaranteed minimum pension provision” means so much of the 1993 Act (apart from section 9) and of any other enactment as relates to guaranteed minimum pensions.

Equivalent pension benefits: Great BritainE+W+S

16(1)The provision that may be made by regulations under paragraph 15 of Schedule 3 to the Social Security (Consequential Provisions) Act 1992 (c. 6) (power to retain provisions repealed by Social Security Act 1973 (c. 38), with or without modification, for transitional purposes) includes provision modifying the preserved equivalent pension benefits provisions in consequence of this Act.E+W+S

(2)“The preserved equivalent pension benefits provisions” are the provisions of the National Insurance Act 1965 (c. 51) relating to equivalent pension benefits continued in force, with or without modification, by regulations having effect as if made under that paragraph.

Equivalent pension benefits: Northern IrelandN.I.

17(1)The provision that may be made by regulations under paragraph 15 of Schedule 3 to the Social Security (Consequential Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Act 1992 (c. 9) (corresponding power for Northern Ireland) includes provision modifying the Northern Ireland preserved equivalent pension benefits provisions in consequence of this Act.N.I.

(2)“The Northern Ireland preserved equivalent pension benefits provisions” are the provisions of the National Insurance Act (Northern Ireland) 1966 (c. 6 (N.I.)) relating to equivalent pension benefits continued in force, with or without modification, by regulations having effect as if made under that paragraph.

Section 14

SCHEDULE 6E+W+S+N.I.Sex discrimination

F116Part 1E+W+SGreat Britain

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F116Sch. 6 Pt. 1 repealed (1.10.2010) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15) Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted by S.I. 2010/2279, art. 1(2), Sch. 2 (see S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2))

1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

Part 2 N.I.Northern Ireland

6The Sex Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order 1976 (S.I. 1976/1042 (N.I. 15)) is amended as follows.N.I.

7In Article 10A (gender reassignment: exception for genuine occupational qualification), insert at the end—N.I.

(4)Paragraph (1) does not apply in relation to discrimination against a person whose gender has become the acquired gender under the Gender Recognition Act 2004.

8In Article 10B (supplementary exceptions relating to gender reassignment), for paragraph (3) substitute—N.I.

(3)Paragraph (2) does not apply in relation to discrimination against a person whose gender has become the acquired gender under the Gender Recognition Act 2004.

9In Article 12 (discrimination against contract workers), after paragraph (3C) insert—N.I.

(3D)Paragraphs (3B) and (3C) do not apply in relation to discrimination against a person whose gender has become the acquired gender under the Gender Recognition Act 2004.

10In Article 14 (partnerships), after paragraph (3C) insert—N.I.

(3D)Paragraphs (3B) and (3C) do not apply in relation to discrimination against a person whose gender has become the acquired gender under the Gender Recognition Act 2004.

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

See additional information alongside the content

Geographical Extent: Indicates the geographical area that this provision applies to. For further information see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’.

Show Timeline of Changes: See how this legislation has or could change over time. Turning this feature on will show extra navigation options to go to these specific points in time. Return to the latest available version by using the controls above in the What Version box.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

Explanatory Notes

Text created by the government department responsible for the subject matter of the Act to explain what the Act sets out to achieve and to make the Act accessible to readers who are not legally qualified. Explanatory Notes were introduced in 1999 and accompany all Public Acts except Appropriation, Consolidated Fund, Finance and Consolidation Acts.

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources