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Communications Act 2003

  • Explanatory Notes Table of contents

Please note:

All reference to 'Parts' and 'sections' are from the Communications Act 2003. For other versions of these Explanatory Notes, see More Resources.

  1. Introduction

  2. Summary

  3. Overview of the Act

  4. Territorial Extent and Territorial Application

  5. Commentary on Sections

    1. Part 1: Functions of Ofcom

      1. Section 1: Functions and general powers of OFCOM

      2. Section 2: Transfer of functions of pre-commencement regulators

      3. Section 3: General duties of OFCOM

      4. Section 4: Duties for the purpose of fulfilling Community obligations

      5. Section 5: Directions in respect of networks or spectrum functions

      6. Section 6: Duties to review regulatory burdens

      7. Section 7: Duty to carry out impact assessments

      8. Section 8: Duty to publish and meet promptness standards

      9. Section 9: Secretary of State’s powers in relation to promptness standards

      10. Section 10: Duty to encourage availability of easily usable apparatus

      11. Section 11: Duty to promote media literacy

      12. Section 12: Duty to establish and maintain Content Board

      13. Section 13: Functions of the Content Board

      14. Section 14: Consumer research

      15. Section 15: Duty to publish and take account of research

      16. Section 16: Consumer consultation

      17. Section 17: Membership etc. of the Consumer Panel

      18. Section 18: Committees and other procedure of the Consumer Panel

      19. Section 19: Power to amend remit of Consumer Panel

      20. Section 20: Advisory committees for different parts of the United Kingdom

      21. Section 21: Advisory committee on elderly and disabled persons

      22. Section 22: Representation on international and other bodies

      23. Section 23: Directions for international purposes in respect of broadcasting functions

      24. Section 24: Provision of information to the Secretary of State

      25. Section 25: Community requirement to provide information

      26. Section 26: Publication of information and advice for consumers etc.

      27. Section 27: Training and equality of opportunity

      28. Section 28: General power to charge for services

      29. Section 29: Secretary of State guarantees for OFCOM borrowing

      30. Section 30: Transfers of property etc. from pre-commencement regulators

      31. Section 31: Transitional functions and abolition of pre-commencement regulators

    2. Part 2: Networks, Services and the Radio Spectrum

      1. Chapter 1: Electronic Communications Networks and Services

        1. Section 32: Meaning of electronic communications networks and services

        2. Section 33: Advance notification to OFCOM

        3. Section 34: Designations and requirements for the purposes of s. 33

        4. Section 35: Notification of contraventions of s. 33

        5. Section 36: Enforcement notification for contravention of s. 33

        6. Section 37: Penalties for contravention of s. 33

        7. Section 38: Fixing of charges

        8. Section 39: Supplemental provision about fixing charges

        9. Section 40: Notification of non-payment of charges

        10. Section 41: Penalties for non-payment of charges

        11. Section 42: Suspending service provision for non-payment

        12. Section 43: Enforcement of directions under s. 42

        13. Section 44: Duty of OFCOM to keep publicly accessible register

        14. Section 45: Power of OFCOM to set conditions

        15. Section 46: Persons to whom conditions may apply

        16. Section 47: Tests for setting or modifying conditions

        17. Section 48: Procedure for setting, modifying and revoking conditions

        18. Section 49: Directions and approvals for the purposes of a s.45 condition

        19. Section 50: Delivery of copies of notifications etc.

        20. Section 51: Matters to which general conditions may relate

        21. Section 52: Conditions relating to customer interests

        22. Section 53: Approval of codes of practice for the purposes of s. 52

        23. Section 54: Approval of dispute procedures for the purposes of s.52

        24. Section 55: Orders by OFCOM in the absence of conditions under s. 52

        25. Section 56: The National Telephone Numbering Plan

        26. Section 57: Conditions to secure access to telephone numbers

        27. Section 58: Conditions about allocation and adoption of numbers

        28. Section 59: Telephone numbering conditions binding non-providers

        29. Section 60: Modification of documents referred to in numbering conditions

        30. Section 61: Withdrawal of telephone number allocations

        31. Section 62: Numbering reorganisations

        32. Section 63: General duty as to telephone numbering functions

        33. Section 64: Must-carry obligations

        34. Section 65: Obligations to be secured by universal service conditions

        35. Section 66: Designation of universal service providers

        36. Section 67: Subject matter of universal service conditions

        37. Section 68: Tariffs etc. for universal services

        38. Section 69: Directories and directory enquiry facilities

        39. Section 70: Review of compliance costs

        40. Section 71: Sharing of burden of universal service obligations

        41. Section 72: Report on sharing mechanism

        42. Section 73: Permitted subject matter of access-related conditions

        43. Section 74: Specific types of access-related conditions

        44. Section 75: Conditional access systems and access to digital services

        45. Section 76: Modification and revocation of conditions imposed under s.75

        46. Section 77: Imposition of privileged supplier conditions

        47. Section 78: Circumstances required for the setting of SMP conditions

        48. Section 79: Market power determinations

        49. Section 80: Proposals for identifying markets and for market determination proposals

        50. Section 81: Delivery of copies of notifications under ss. 79 and 80

        51. Section 82: European Commission’s powers in respect of proposals

        52. Section 83: Special rules for transnational markets

        53. Section 84: Review of services market identifications and determinations

        54. Section 85: Review of apparatus market identifications and determinations

        55. Section 86: Cases where review required

        56. Section 87: Conditions about network access etc.

        57. Section 88: Conditions about network access pricing etc.

        58. Section 89: Conditions about network access in exceptional cases

        59. Section 90: Conditions about carrier selection and pre-selection

        60. Section 91: Conditions about regulation of services etc. for end-users

        61. Section 92: Conditions about leased lines

        62. Section 93: Conditions about apparatus supply

        63. Section 94: Notification of contravention of condition

        64. Section 95: Enforcement notification for contravention of conditions

        65. Section 96: Penalties for contravention of conditions

        66. Section 97: Amount of penalty under s. 96

        67. Section 98: Power to deal with urgent cases

        68. Section 99: Confirmation of directions under s.98

        69. Section 100: Suspending service provision for contraventions of conditions

        70. Section 101: Suspending apparatus supply for contraventions of conditions

        71. Section 102: Procedure for directions under ss. 100 and 101

        72. Section 103: Enforcement of directions under ss. 98, 100and 101

        73. Section 104: Civil liability for breach of conditions or enforcement notification

        74. Section 105: Consideration and determination of network access questions

        75. Section 106: Application of the electronic communications code

        76. Section 107: Procedure for directions applying code

        77. Section 108: Register of persons in whose case code applies

        78. Section 109: Restrictions and conditions subject to which code applies

        79. Section 110: Enforcement of restrictions and conditions

        80. Section 111: Enforcement notification for contravention of code restrictions

        81. Section 112: Penalties for contravention of code restrictions

        82. Section 113: Suspension of application of code

        83. Section 114: Procedure for directions under s. 113

        84. Section 115: Modification and revocation of application of code

        85. Section 116: Notification of cessation by person to whom code applies

        86. Section 117: Transitional schemes on cessation of application of code

        87. Section 118: Compulsory acquisition of land etc.

        88. Section 119: Power to give assistance in relation to certain proceedings

        89. Section 120: Conditions regulating premium rate services

        90. Section 121: Approval of code for premium rate services

        91. Section 122: Orders by OFCOM in the absence of a code under s.121

        92. Section 123: Enforcement of s.120 conditions

        93. Section 124: Suspending service provision for contraventions of s.120 conditions

        94. Section 125: Dishonestly obtaining electronic communications services

        95. Section 126: Possession or supply of apparatus etc. for contravening s.125

        96. Section 127: Improper use of public electronic communications network

        97. Section 128: Notification of misuse of networks and services

        98. Section 129: Enforcement notifications for stopping persistent misuse

        99. Section 130: Penalties for persistent misuse

        100. Section 131: Statement of policy on persistent misuse

        101. Section 132: Powers to require suspension or restriction of a provider’s entitlement

        102. Section 133: Enforcement of directions under s. 132

        103. Section 134: Restrictions in leases and licences

        104. Section 135: Information required for purposes of Chapter 1 functions

        105. Section 136: Information required for related purposes

        106. Section 137: Restriction on imposing information requirements

        107. Section 138: Notification of contravention of information requirements

        108. Section 139: Penalties for contravention of information requirement

        109. Section 140: Suspending service provision for information contraventions

        110. Section 141: Suspending apparatus supply for information contraventions

        111. Section 142: Procedure for directions under sections 140 and 141

        112. Section 143: Enforcement of directions under ss. 140 and 141

        113. Section 144: Offences in connection with information requirements

        114. Section 145: Statement of policy on information gathering

        115. Section 146: Provision of information by OFCOM

        116. Section 147: Repeal of provisions of Telecommunications Act 1984

        117. Section 148: Powers of local authorities in connection with networks

        118. Section 149: Grants by Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment

        119. Section 150: Grants by district councils

        120. Section 151: Interpretation of Chapter 1

      2. Chapter 2: Spectrum Use

        1. Section 152: General functions of OFCOM in relation to radio spectrum

        2. Section 153: United Kingdom Plan for Frequency Authorisation

        3. Section 154: Duties of OFCOM when carrying out spectrum functions

        4. Section 155: Advisory service in relation to interference

        5. Section 156: Directions with respect to the radio spectrum

        6. Section 157: Procedure for directions under s.156

        7. Section 158: Special duty in relation to television multiplexes

        8. Section 159: Grant of recognised spectrum access

        9. Section 160: Effect of grant of recognised spectrum access

        10. Section 161: Charges in respect of grants of recognised spectrum access

        11. Section 162: Conversion into and from wireless telegraphy licences

        12. Section 163: Payments for use of radio spectrum by the Crown

        13. Section 164: Limitations on authorised spectrum use

        14. Section 165: Terms etc. of wireless telegraphy licences

        15. Section 166: Exemption from need for wireless telegraphy licence

        16. Section 167: Bidding for wireless telegraphy licences

        17. Section 168: Spectrum trading

        18. Section 169: Variation and revocation of wireless telegraphy licences

        19. Section 170: Wireless telegraphy register

        20. Section 171: Information requirements in relation to wireless telegraphy licences

        21. Section 172: Contraventions of conditions for use of wireless telegraphy

        22. Section 173: Meaning of “repeated contravention” in s. 172

        23. Section 174: Procedure for prosecutions of wireless telegraphy offences

        24. Section 175: Special procedure for contraventions by multiplex licence holders

        25. Section 176: Amount of penalty under s. 175

        26. Section 177: “Relevant amount of gross revenue” for the purposes of s. 176

        27. Section 178: Proceedings for an offence relating to apparatus use

        28. Section 179: Modification of penalties for certain wireless telegraphy offences

        29. Section 180: Fixed penalties for certain wireless telegraphy offences

        30. Section 181: Power of arrest

        31. Section 182: Forfeiture etc. of restricted apparatus

        32. Section 183: Modification of definition of “undue interference”

        33. Section 184: Modification of definition of “wireless telegraphy”

      3. Chapter 3: Disputes and Appeals

        1. Section 185: Reference of disputes to OFCOM

        2. Section 186: Action by OFCOM on dispute reference

        3. Section 187: Legal proceedings about referred disputes

        4. Section 188: Procedure for resolving disputes

        5. Section 189: Disputes involving other member States

        6. Section 190: Resolution of referred disputes

        7. Section 191: OFCOM’s power to require information in connection with dispute

        8. Section 192: Appeals against decisions by OFCOM, the Secretary of State etc.

        9. Section 193: Reference of price control matters to the Competition Commission

        10. Section 194: Composition of Competition Commission for price control references

        11. Section 195: Decisions of the Tribunal

        12. Section 196: Appeals from the Tribunal

        13. Section 197: Interpretation of Chapter 3

    3. Part 3: Television and Radio Services

      1. Chapter 1: The BBC, C4C, the Welsh Authority and the Gaelic Media Service

        1. Section 198: Functions of OFCOM in relation to the BBC

        2. Section 199: Functions of C4C

        3. Section 200: Removal of members of C4C

        4. Section 201: Deficits and surpluses of C4C

        5. Section 202: Borrowing limit for C4C

        6. Section 203: Function of OFCOM in relation to the Welsh Authority

        7. Section 204: Welsh Authority’s function of providing S4C and S4C Digital

        8. Section 205: Powers to provide other services

        9. Section 206: Other activities of Welsh Authority

        10. Section 207: Welsh Authority finances

        11. Section 208: The Gaelic Media Service

        12. Section 209: Membership of the Service

        13. Section 210: Supplementary provisions about the Service

      2. Chapter 2: Regulatory Structure for Independent Television Services

        1. Section 211: Regulation of independent television services

        2. Section 212: Abolition of function of assigning television frequencies

        3. Section 213: Abolition of licensing for local cable systems

        4. Section 214: Digital Channel 3 and Channel 5 licences

        5. Section 215: Replacement of existing Channel 3 and Channel 5 licences

        6. Section 216: Renewal of Channel 3 and 5 licences

        7. Section 217: Financial terms of licence renewed under s.216

        8. Section 218: Duty to secure the provision of a public teletext service

        9. Section 219: Licensing of the public teletext service

        10. Section 220: Delegation of provision of public teletext service

        11. Section 221: Replacement of existing public teletext provider’s licence

        12. Section 222: Renewal of public teletext licence

        13. Section 223: Financial terms of licence renewed under s. 222

        14. Section 224: Meaning of “initial expiry date”

        15. Section 225: Application for review of financial terms of replacement licences

        16. Section 226: Application for review of financial terms in consequence of new obligations

        17. Section 227: Reviews under ss. 225 and 226

        18. Section 228: Giving effect to reviews under ss. 225 and 226

        19. Section 229: Report in anticipation of new licensing round

        20. Section 230: Orders suspending rights of renewal

        21. Section 231: Replacement of Channel 4 licence

        22. Section 232: Meaning of “television licensable content service”

        23. Section 233: Services that are not television licensable content services

        24. Section 234: Modification of ss. 232 and 233

        25. Section 235: Licensing of television licensable content services

        26. Section 236: Direction to licensee to take remedial action

        27. Section 237: Penalties for contravention of licence condition or direction

        28. Section 238: Revocation of television licensable content service licence

        29. Section 239: Action against licence holders who incite crime or disorder

        30. Section 240: Abolition of separate licences for certain television services

        31. Section 241: Television multiplex services

        32. Section 242: Composition of services in television multiplexes

        33. Section 243: Powers where frequencies reserved for qualifying services

        34. Section 244: Local digital television services

      3. Chapter 3: Regulatory Structure for Independent Radio Services

        1. Section 245: Regulation of independent radio services

        2. Section 246: Abolition of function of assigning radio frequencies

        3. Section 247: Meaning of “radio licensable content services”

        4. Section 248: Services that are not radio licensable content services

        5. Section 249: Modification of ss. 247 and 248

        6. Section 250: Licensing of radio licensable content services

        7. Section 251: Abolition of separate licences for certain sound services

        8. Section 252: Extension of licence periods

        9. Section 253: Extension and modification of existing licences

        10. Section 254: Renewal of local licences

        11. Section 255: Extension of special application procedure for local licences

        12. Section 256: Definition of simulcast radio services

        13. Section 257: Promotion of simulcast radio services

        14. Section 258: Radio multiplex services

        15. Section 259: Composition of services in radio multiplexes

        16. Section 260: Digital sound services for inclusion in non-radio multiplexes

        17. Section 261: Renewal of radio multiplex licences

        18. Section 262: Community radio

      4. Chapter 4: Regulatory Provisions

        1. Section 263: Application of regulatory regimes

        2. Section 264: OFCOM reports on the fulfilment of the public service remit

        3. Section 265: Public service remits of licensed providers

        4. Section 266: Statements of programme policy

        5. Section 267: Changes of programme policy

        6. Section 268: Statements of service policy by the public teletext provider

        7. Section 269: Changes of service policy

        8. Section 270: Enforcement of public service remits

        9. Section 271: Power to amend public service remits

        10. Section 272: Must-offer obligations in relation to networks

        11. Section 273: Must-offer obligations in relation to satellite services

        12. Section 274: Securing reception of must-provide services in certain areas

        13. Section 275: Must-provide services for the purposes of s.274

        14. Section 276: Co-operation with the public teletext provider

        15. Section 277:  Programming quotas for independent productions

        16. Section 278: Programming quotas for original productions

        17. Section 279: News and current affairs programmes

        18. Section 280: Appointed news providers for Channel 3

        19. Section 281: Disqualification from appointment as news provider

        20. Section 282: Power to repeal or modify Channel 3 news provider provisions

        21. Section 283: News providers for Channel 5

        22. Section 284: News provision on the public teletext service

        23. Section 285: Code relating to programme commissioning

        24. Section 286: Regional programme-making for Channels 3 and 5

        25. Section 287: Regional programmes on Channel 3

        26. Section 288: Regional programme-making for Channel 4

        27. Section 289: Regional matters in the public teletext service

        28. Section 290: Proposals for arrangements

        29. Section 291: Obligation as to making and continuance of approved arrangements

        30. Section 292: OFCOM’s power to impose arrangements

        31. Section 293: Review of approved networking arrangements etc.

        32. Section 294: Supplemental provision about networking arrangements

        33. Section 295: Involvement of C4 Corporation in programme-making

        34. Section 296: Schools programmes on Channel 4

        35. Section 297: Channel 4 contribution towards national television archive

        36. Section 298: Conditions prohibiting interference with other services

        37. Section 299: Categorisation of listed events

        38. Section 300: Effects of categorisation of listed events

        39. Section 301: Code relating to listed events

        40. Section 302: Regulations about coverage of listed events

        41. Section 303: Code relating to provision for deaf and visually impaired

        42. Section 304: Procedure for issuing and revising code under s. 303

        43. Section 305: Meaning of “relevant date” in s. 303

        44. Section 306: Power to modify targets in s. 303

        45. Section 307: Observance of code under s. 303

        46. Section 308: Assistance for the visually impaired with the public teletext service

        47. Section 309: Quotas for independent programmes

        48. Section 310: Code of practice for electronic programme guides

        49. Section 311: Conditions to comply with code under s. 310

        50. Section 312: Character and coverage of sound broadcasting services

        51. Section 313: Consultation about change of character of local service

        52. Section 314: Local content and character of local sound broadcasting services

        53. Section 315: Variations of radio multiplex licences affecting service characteristics

        54. Section 316: Conditions relating to competition matters

        55. Section 317: Exercise of Broadcasting Act powers for a competition purpose

        56. Section 318: Review of powers exercised for competition purposes

        57. Section 319: OFCOM’s standards code

        58. Section 320: Special impartiality requirements

        59. Section 321: Objectives for advertisements and sponsorship

        60. Section 322: Supplementary powers relating to advertising

        61. Section 323: Modification of matters to be taken into account under s. 319

        62. Section 324: Setting and publication of standards

        63. Section 325: Observance of standards code

        64. Section 326: Duty to observe fairness code

        65. Section 327:  Standards with respect to fairness

        66. Section 328: Duty to publicise OFCOM’s functions in relation to complaints

        67. Section 329: Proscription orders

        68. Section 330: Effect of proscription order

        69. Section 331: Notification for enforcing proscription

        70. Section 332: Penalties for contravention of notification under s.331

        71. Section 333: Party political broadcasts

        72. Section 334: Retention and production of recordings

        73.  Section 335: Conditions securing compliance with international obligations

        74. Section 336: Government requirements for licensed services

        75. Section 337: Promotion of equal opportunities and training

        76. Section 338: Corresponding rules for the BBC and the Welsh Authority

        77. Section 339: Review of fulfilment by Welsh Authority of public service remits

        78. Section 340: Directions to Welsh Authority to take remedial action

        79. Section 341: Imposition of penalties on the Welsh Authority

        80. Section 342: Contraventions recorded in Welsh Authority’s annual report

        81. Section 343: Provision of information by Welsh Authority

        82. Section 344: Transmission of statement of findings

        83. Section 345: Financial penalties imposable on licence holders

        84. Section 346: Recovery of fees and penalties

        85. Section 347: Statement of charging principles

      5. Chapter 5: Media Ownership and Control

        1. Section 348: Modification of disqualification provisions

        2. Section 349: Licence holding by local authorities

        3. Section 350: Relaxation of licence-holding restrictions

        4. Section 351: Changes of control of Channel 3 services

        5. Section 352: Action following review under s. 351

        6. Section 353: Changes of control of Channel 5

        7. Section 354: Action following review under s. 353

        8. Section 355: Variation of local licence following change of control

        9. Section 356: Action following review under section 353

        10. Section 357: Meaning of “control”

      6. Chapter 6: Other provisions about television and radio services

        1. Section 358: Annual factual and statistical report

        2. Section 359: Grants to providers

        3. Section 360: Amendments of 1990 and 1996 Acts

        4. Section 361: Meaning of “available for reception by members of the public”

        5. Section 362: Interpretation of Part 3

    4. Part 4: Licensing of Tv Reception

      1. Section 363: Licence required for use of TV receiver

      2. Section 364: TV licences

      3. Section 365: TV licence fees

      4. Section 366: Powers to enforce TV licensing

      5. Section 367: Interpretation of provisions about dealer notification

      6. Section 368: Meaning of “television receiver” and “use”

    5. Part 5: Competition in Communications Markets

      1. Chapter 1: Functions of OFCOM under Competition Legislation

        1. Section 369: Matters in relation to which OFCOM have competition functions

        2. Section 370: OFCOM’s functions under Part 4 of the Enterprise Act 2002

        3. Section 371: OFCOM’s functions under the Competition Act 1998

        4. Section 372: Application of the Competition Act 1998 to news provision

      2. Chapter 2: Media mergers

        1. Section 373: Repeal of existing newspaper merger regime

        2. Section 374: Repeal of exclusion for newspaper mergers from general merger controls

        3. Section 375: Media public interest considerations

        4. Section 376: Adaptation of role of OFT in initial investigations and reports

        5. Section 377: Additional investigation and report by OFCOM

        6. Section 378: Extension of special public interest regime for certain media mergers

        7. Section 379: Adaptation of role of OFT in special public interest regime

        8. Section 380: Additional investigation and report by OFCOM: special public interest cases

        9. Section 381: Public consultation in relation to media mergers

        10. Section 382: General information duties in relation to media mergers

        11. Section 383: Advice and information in relation to media mergers

        12. Section 384: General advisory functions of OFCOM in relation to media mergers

        13. Section 385: Other general functions of OFCOM in relation to media mergers

        14. Section 386: Monitoring role for OFT in relation to media mergers

        15. Section 387: Enforcement powers in relation to newspaper and other media mergers

        16. Section 388: Alterations to newspaper panel of Competition Commission

        17. Section 389: Further provision in connection with media mergers

    6. Part 6: Miscellaneous and Supplemental

      1. Section 390: Annual report on the Secretary of State’s functions

      2. Section 391: Review of media ownership

      3. Section 392: Penalties imposed by OFCOM

      4. Section 393: General restrictions on disclosure of information

      5. Section 394: Service of notifications and other documents

      6. Section 395: Notifications and documents in electronic form

      7. Section 396: Timing and location of things done electronically

      8. Section 397: Purchase of Duchy of Lancaster land

      9. Section 398: Repeal of certain provisions of the Telecommunications Act 1984

      10. Section 399: Expenses

      11. Section 400: Destination of licence fees and penalties

      12. Section 401: Power of OFCOM to retain costs of carrying out spectrum functions

      13. Section 402: Power of Secretary of State to make orders and regulations

      14. Section 403: Regulations and orders made by OFCOM

      15. Section 404: Criminal liability of company directors etc.

      16. Section 405: General interpretation

      17. Section 406: Minor and consequential amendments, transitionals and repeals

      18. Section 407: Pre-consolidation amendments

      19. Section 408: Transitional provision for anticipatory carrying out of functions

      20. Section 409: Modifications consequential on regulations implementing Directives

      21. Section 410: Application of enactments to territorial sea and other waters

      22. Section 411: Short title, commencement and extent

  6. Schedules

    1. Schedule 1: Functions transferred to OFCOM

    2. Schedule 2: Transfer schemes

    3. Schedule 3: Amendments of Schedule 2 to the Telecommunications Act 1984

    4. Schedule 4: Compulsory purchase and entry for exploratory purposes

    5. Schedule 5: Procedure for grants of recognised spectrum access

    6. Schedule 6: Fixed penalties for wireless telegraphy offences

    7. Schedule 7: Seizure and forfeiture of apparatus

    8. Schedule 8: Decisions not subject to appeal

    9. Schedule 9: Arrangements about carrying on of C4C’s activities

    10. Schedule 10: Licensing the public teletext service.

    11. Schedule 11: Approval, imposition and modification of networking arrangements

    12. Schedule 12: Corresponding obligations of the BBC and Welsh Authority

    13. Schedule 13: Financial penalties under the Broadcasting Acts

    14. Schedule 14: Media ownership rules

    15. Schedule 15: Amendments of Broadcasting Acts

    16. Schedule 16: Further amendments in connection with media mergers

    17. Schedule 17:  Minor and Consequential Amendments

    18. Schedule 18: Transitional Provisions

    19. Schedule 19: Repeals

  7. Commencement

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