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Income Tax (Earnings and Pensions) Act 2003

Section 58: Relief in case of distributions by intermediary

236.Where the intermediary is a company, it may pay distributions to the worker if the worker is a shareholder in the company. Since April 1999, UK companies have not had to pay ACT on distributions made. But the recipient of any distributions is taxable on them under Schedule F. So there is a possibility of double taxation in that the worker might have to pay tax under Schedule E on the deemed payment as well as on the actual amount of any distributions received. This section allows an intermediary that is a company to make a claim for relief to remove the possibility of double taxation. It derives from paragraph 13.

237.Subsection (2) describes how a claim to relief under this section should be made. It includes a statement of the time limit for such a claim. There is no specified time limit for making the claim in Schedule 12. This means the default time limit for claims (in section 43 of TMA 1970) applies, so that the claim must be made not more than five years following the 31 January following the tax year during which the distribution is made. That time limit is reproduced here to save users having to refer to another Act.

238.Subsection (3) describes the method of delivery of the relief claimed. It allows the Inland Revenue to direct that the relief be given by whatever means appears appropriate.

239.Subsection (4) makes it clear that in a case where there is a distribution and a deemed employment payment, it is the distribution that is reduced, by setting the employment income payment against it.

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