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Environmental Protection Act 1990

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75 Meaning of “waste” and household, commercial and industrial waste and [F1hazardous waste].E+W

(1)The following provisions apply for the interpretation of this Part.

[F2F3(2)Waste” means any substance or object in the categories set out in Schedule 2B to this Act which the holder discards or intends or is required to discard; and for the purposes of this definition—

  • holder” means the producer of the waste or the person who is in possession of it; and

  • producer” means any person whose activities produce waste or any person who carries out pre-processing, mixing or other operations resulting in a change in the nature or composition of this waste.]

(3)F4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)Controlled waste” means household, industrial and commercial waste or any such waste.

(5)Subject to subsection (8) below, “household waste” means waste from—

(a)domestic property, that is to say, a building or self-contained part of a building which is used wholly for the purposes of living accommodation;

(b)a caravan (as defined in section 29(1) of the M1Caravan Sites and Control of Development Act 1960) which usually and for the time being is situated on a caravan site (within the meaning of that Act);

(c)a residential home;

(d)premises forming part of a university or school or other educational establishment;

(e)premises forming part of a hospital or nursing home.

(6)Subject to subsection (8) below, “industrial waste” means waste from any of the following premises—

(a)any factory (within the meaning of the M2Factories Act 1961);

(b)any premises used for the purposes of, or in connection with, the provision to the public of transport services by land, water or air;

(c)any premises used for the purposes of, or in connection with, the supply to the public of gas, water or electricity or the provision of sewerage services; F5. . .

(d)any premises used for the purposes of, or in connection with, the provision to the public of postal or telecommunications services[F6; or

(e)any mine or quarry or any premises used for agriculture within the meaning of the Agriculture Act 1947]

(7)Subject to subsection (8) below, “commercial waste” means waste from premises used wholly or mainly for the purposes of a trade or business or the purposes of sport, recreation or entertainment excluding—

(a)household waste;

(b)industrial waste; [F7and]

(c)F8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(d)waste of any other description prescribed by regulations made by the Secretary of State for the purposes of this paragraph.

(8)Regulations made by the Secretary of State may provide that waste of a description prescribed in the regulations shall be treated for the purposes of provisions of this Part prescribed in the regulations as being or not being household waste or industrial waste or commercial waste; F9. . . and references to waste in subsection (7) above and this subsection do not include sewage (including matter in or from a privy) except so far as the regulations provide otherwise.

[F10(8A)“Hazardous waste”—

(a)in the application of this Part to England, means any waste which is a hazardous waste for the purposes of the Hazardous Waste (England and Wales) Regulations 2005;

[F11(b)in the application of this Part to Wales, means any waste which is a hazardous waste for the purposes of the Hazardous Waste (Wales) Regulations 2005.]

(8B)[F12In subsection (8A) “Hazardous Waste List” means the list referred to in the first indent of Article 1(4) of Council Directive 91/689/EEC.]]

(9)F13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F14(10)Schedule 2B to this Act (which reproduces Annex I to the Waste Directive) shall have effect.

(11)Subsection (2) above is substituted, and Schedule 2B to this Act is inserted, for the purpose of assigning to “waste” in this Part the meaning which it has in the Waste Directive by virtue of paragraphs (a) to (c) of Article 1 of, and Annex I to, that Directive, and those provisions shall be construed accordingly.

(12)In this section “the Waste Directive” means the M3directive of the Council of the European Communities, dated 15th July 1975, on waste, as amended by—

(a)the M4directive of that Council, dated 18th March 1991, amending directive 75/442/EEC on waste; F15. . .

(b)the M5directiveof that Council, dated 23rd December 1991, standardising and rationalising reports on the implementation of certain Directives relating to the environment.][F16;

(c)the decision of the European Commission, dated 24th May 1996, adapting Annexes IIA and IIB to directive 75/442/EEC on waste; and

(d)EC Regulation No. 1882/2003 of the European Parliament and the Council dated 29th September 2003]

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Extent Information

E1This version of this provision extends to England and Wales only; a separate version has been created for Scotland only.

Amendments (Textual)

F2S. 75(2) substituted (1.4.2003 for S. for certain purposes, 1.1.2005 otherwise for S. and 15.5.2006 for E.W.) by 1995 c. 25, ss. 120(1), 125(3), Sch. 22 para. 88(2) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.S.I. 2003/206, art. 2; S.S.I. 2004/541, art. 2; S.I. 2006/934, art. 2

F3By The Manufacture and Storage of Explosives Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2006 (S.R. 2006/425), arts. 1, 27(1), Sch. 6 para. 14(2) (with reg. 26) it is provided that for the words "Explosives Act 1875" in s. 75(2) there be substituted (N.I.) (1.12.2006) the words "Manufacture and Storage of Explosives Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2006"

F4S. 75(3) repealed (1.4.2003 for S. for certain purposes, 1.1.2005 otherwise for S. and 15.5.2006 for E.W.) by 1995 c. 25, ss. 120(1)(3), 125(3), Sch. 22 para. 88(3), Sch. 24 (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.S.I. 2003/206, art. 2; S.S.I. 2004/541, art. 2; S.I. 2006/934, art. 2

F14S. 75(10)-(12) added (1.4.2003 for S. for certain purposes, 1.1.2005 otherwise for S. and 15.5.2006 for E.W.) by 1995 c. 25, ss. 120(1), 125(3), Sch. 22 para. 88(4) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.S.I. 2003/206, art. 2; S.S.I. 2004/541, art. 2; S.I. 2006/934, art. 2

Commencement Information

I2S. 75 wholly in force at 31.5.1991 see s. 164(3) and S.I. 1991/1319, art. 2

Marginal Citations

M375/442/EEC.

M491/156/EEC.

M591/692/EEC.

75Meaning of “waste” and household, commercial and industrial waste and special waste.S

(1)The following provisions apply for the interpretation of this Part.

[F2F17F18(2)Waste” means any substance or object in the categories set out in Schedule 2B to this Act which the holder discards or intends or is required to discard; and for the purposes of this definition—

  • holder” means the producer of the waste or the person who is in possession of it; and

  • producer” means any person whose activities produce waste or any person who carries out pre-processing, mixing or other operations resulting in a change in the nature or composition of this waste.]

(3)F4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)Controlled waste” means household, industrial and commercial waste or any such waste.

(5)Subject to subsection (8) below, “household waste” means waste from—

(a)domestic property, that is to say, a building or self-contained part of a building which is used wholly for the purposes of living accommodation;

(b)a caravan (as defined in section 29(1) of the M6Caravan Sites and Control of Development Act 1960) which usually and for the time being is situated on a caravan site (within the meaning of that Act);

(c)a residential home;

(d)premises forming part of a university or school or other educational establishment;

(e)premises forming part of a hospital or [F19which are used to provide a care home service (as defined by section 2(3) of the Regulation of Care (Scotland) Act 2001 (asp 8))].

(6)Subject to subsection (8) below, “industrial waste” means waste from any of the following premises—

(a)any factory (within the meaning of the M7Factories Act 1961);

(b)any premises used for the purposes of, or in connection with, the provision to the public of transport services by land, water or air;

(c)any premises used for the purposes of, or in connection with, the supply to the public of gas, water or electricity or the provision of sewerage services; F20. . .

(d)any premises used for the purposes of, or in connection with, the provision to the public of postal or telecommunications services [F21; or

(e)any mine or quarry.]

(7)Subject to subsection (8) below, “commercial waste” means waste from premises [F22(including premises used for agriculture within the meaning of the Agriculture (Scotland) Act 1948)] used wholly or mainly for the purposes of a trade or business or the purposes of sport, recreation or entertainment excluding—

(a)household waste;

(b)industrial waste; [F23and]

(c)F24. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(d)waste of any other description prescribed by regulations made by the Secretary of State for the purposes of this paragraph.

(8)Regulations made by the Secretary of State may provide that waste of a description prescribed in the regulations shall be treated for the purposes of provisions of this Part prescribed in the regulations as being or not being household waste or industrial waste or commercial waste; F25. . . and references to waste in subsection (7) above and this subsection do not include sewage (including matter in or from a privy) except so far as the regulations provide otherwise.

(9)Special waste” means controlled waste as respects which regulations are in force under section 62 above.

[F14(10)Schedule 2B to this Act (which reproduces Annex I to the Waste Directive) shall have effect.

(11)Subsection (2) above is substituted, and Schedule 2B to this Act is inserted, for the purpose of assigning to “waste” in this Part the meaning which it has in the Waste Directive by virtue of paragraphs (a) to (c) of Article 1 of, and Annex I to, that Directive, and those provisions shall be construed accordingly.

(12)In this section “the Waste Directive” means the M8directive of the Council of the European Communities, dated 15th July 1975, on waste, as amended by—

(a)the M9directive of that Council, dated 18th March 1991, amending directive 75/442/EEC on waste; F26. . .

(b)the M10directive of that Council, dated 23rd December 1991, standardising and rationalising reports on the implementation of certain Directives relating to the environment [F27; and

(c)the decision of the European Commission, dated 24th May 1996, adapting Annexes IIA and IIB to Directive 75/442/EEC on waste.]]

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Extent Information

E2This version of this provision has been created for Scotland only; a separate version has been created for England and Wales only

Amendments (Textual)

F2S. 75(2) substituted (1.4.2003 for S. for certain purposes, 1.1.2005 otherwise for S. and 15.5.2006 for E.W.) by 1995 c. 25, ss. 120(1), 125(3), Sch. 22 para. 88(2) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.S.I. 2003/206, art. 2; S.S.I. 2004/541, art. 2; S.I. 2006/934, art. 2

F4S. 75(3) repealed (1.4.2003 for S. for certain purposes, 1.1.2005 otherwise for S. and 15.5.2006 for E.W.) by 1995 c. 25, ss. 120(1)(3), 125(3), Sch. 22 para. 88(3), Sch. 24 (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.S.I. 2003/206, art. 2; S.S.I. 2004/541, art. 2; S.I. 2006/934, art. 2

F14S. 75(10)-(12) added (1.4.2003 for S. for certain purposes, 1.1.2005 otherwise for S. and 15.5.2006 for E.W.) by 1995 c. 25, ss. 120(1), 125(3), Sch. 22 para. 88(4) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.S.I. 2003/206, art. 2; S.S.I. 2004/541, art. 2; S.I. 2006/934, art. 2

F17By The Manufacture and Storage of Explosives Regulations 2005 (S.I. 2005/1082), regs. 1(1), 28(1), Sch. 5 para. 19(2) it is provided that for the words "the Explosives Act 1875" in s. 75(2)(b) there be substituted (26.4.2005 with application as mentioned in reg. 3 of the amending S.I.) the words "the Manufacture and Storage of Explosives Regulations 2005"

F18By The Manufacture and Storage of Explosives Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2006 (S.R. 2006/425), arts. 1, 27(1), Sch. 6 para. 14(2) (with reg. 26) it is provided that for the words "Explosives Act 1875" in s. 75(2) there be substituted (N.I.) (1.12.2006) the words "Manufacture and Storage of Explosives Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2006"

F19Words in s. 75(5)(e) substituted (S.) (1.4.2002) by 2001 asp 8, s. 79, Sch. 3 para. 17; S.S.I. 2002/162, art. 2(f)(h) (with arts. 3-13)

Commencement Information

I3S. 75 wholly in force at 31.5.1991 see s. 164(3) and S.I. 1991/1319, art. 2

Marginal Citations

M875/442/EEC.

M991/156/EEC.

M1091/692/EEC.

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