Search Legislation

Children Act 1989

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

  1. Introductory Text

  2. Part I Introductory

    1. 1.Welfare of the child

    2. 2.Parental responsibility for children

    3. 3.Meaning of “parental responsibility”

    4. 4.Acquisition of parental responsibility by father

    5. 5.Appointment of guardians

    6. 6.Guardians: revocation and disclaimer

    7. 7.Welfare reports

  3. Part II Orders With Respect To Children In Family Proceedings

    1. General

      1. 8.Residence, contact and other orders with respect to children

      2. 9.Restrictions on making section 8 orders

      3. 10.Power of court to make section 8 orders

      4. 11.General principles and supplementary provisions

      5. 12.Residence orders and parental responsibility

      6. 13.Change of child’s name or removal from jurisdiction

      7. 14.Enforcement of residence orders

    2. Financial relief

      1. 15.Orders for financial relief with respect to children

    3. Family assistance orders

      1. 16.Family assistance orders

  4. Part III Local Authority Support for Children and Families

    1. Provision of services for children and their families

      1. 17.Provision of services for children in need, their families and others

      2. 18.Day care for pre-school and other children

      3. 19.Review of provision for day care, child minding etc

    2. Provision of accommodation for children

      1. 20.Provision of accommodation for children: general

      2. 21.Provision of accommodation for children in police protection or detention or on remand, etc

    3. Duties of local authorities in relation to children looked after by them

      1. 22.General duty of local authority in relation to children looked after by them

      2. 23.Provision of accommodation and maintenance by local authority for children whom they are looking after

    4. Advice and assistance for certain children

      1. 24.Advice and assistance for certain children

    5. Secure accommodation

      1. 25.Use of accommodation for restricting liberty

    6. Supplemental

      1. 26.Review of cases and enquiries into representations

      2. 27.Co-operation between authorities

      3. 28.Consultation with local education authorities

      4. 29.Recoupment of cost of providing services etc

      5. 30.Miscellaneous

  5. PART IV CARE AND SUPERVISION

    1. General

      1. 31.Care and supervision orders

      2. 32.Period within which application for order under this Part must be disposed of

    2. Care orders

      1. 33.Effect of care order

      2. 34.Parental contact etc. with children in care

    3. Supervision orders

      1. 35.Supervision orders

      2. 36.Education supervision orders

    4. Powers of court

      1. 37.Powers of court in certain family proceedings

      2. 38.Interim orders

      3. 39.Discharge and variation etc. of care orders and supervision orders

      4. 40.Orders pending appeals in cases about care or supervision orders

    5. Guardians ad litem

      1. 41.Representation of child and of his interests in certain proceedings

      2. 42.Right of guardian ad litem to have access to local authority records

  6. Part V Protection of Children

    1. 43.Child assessment orders

    2. 44.Orders for emergency protection of children

    3. 45.Duration of emergency protection orders and other supplemental provisions

    4. 46.Removal and accommodation of children by police in cases of emergency

    5. 47.Local authority’s duty to investigate

    6. 48.Powers to assist in discovery of children who may be in need of emergency protection

    7. 49.Abduction of children in care etc

    8. 50.Recovery of abducted children etc

    9. 51.Refuges for children at risk

    10. 52.Rules and regulations

  7. Part VI Community Homes

    1. 53.Provision of community homes by local authorities

    2. 54.Directions that premises be no longer used for community home

    3. 55.Determination of disputes relating to controlled and assisted community homes

    4. 56.Discontinuance by voluntary organisation of controlled or assisted community home

    5. 57.Closure by local authority of controlled or assisted community home

    6. 58.Financial provisions applicable on cessation of controlled or assisted community home or disposal etc. of premises

  8. Part VII Voluntary Homes and Voluntary Organisations

    1. 59.Provision of accommodation by voluntary organisations

    2. 60.Registration and regulation of voluntary homes

    3. 61.Duties of voluntary organisations

    4. 62.Duties of local authorities

  9. Part VIII Registered Children’s Homes

    1. 63.Children not to be cared for and accommodated in unregistered children’s homes

    2. 64.Welfare of children in children’s homes

    3. 65.Persons disqualified from carrying on, or being employed in, children’s homes

  10. PART IX PRIVATE ARRANGEMENTS FOR FOSTERING CHILDREN

    1. 66.Privately fostered children

    2. 67.Welfare of privately fostered children

    3. 68.Persons disqualified from being private foster parents

    4. 69.Power to prohibit private fostering

    5. 70.Offences

  11. Part X Child Minding and Day Care for Young Children

    1. 71.Registration

    2. 72.Requirements to be complied with by child minders

    3. 73.Requirements to be complied with by persons providing day care for young children

    4. 74.Cancellation of registration

    5. 75.Protection of children in an emergency

    6. 76.Inspection

    7. 77.Appeals

    8. 78.Offences

    9. 79.Application of this Part to Scotland

  12. Part XI Secretary of State’s Supervisory Functions and Responsibilities

    1. 80.Inspection of children’s homes etc. by persons authorised by Secretary of State

    2. 81.Inquiries

    3. 82.Financial support by Secretary of State

    4. 83.Research and returns of information

    5. 84.Local authority failure to comply with statutory duty: default power of Secretary of State

  13. Part XII Miscellaneous and General

    1. Notification of children accommodated in certain establishments

      1. 85.Children accommodated by health authorities and local education authorities

      2. 86.Children accommodated in residential care, nursing or mental nursing homes

      3. 87.Welfare of children accommodated in independent schools

    2. Adoption

      1. 88.Amendments of adoption legislation

    3. Paternity tests

      1. 89.Tests to establish paternity

    4. Criminal care and supervision orders

      1. 90.Care and supervision orders in criminal proceedings

    5. Effect and duration of orders etc.

      1. 91.Effect and duration of orders etc

    6. Jurisdiction and procedure etc.

      1. 92.Jurisdiction of courts

      2. 93.Rules of court

      3. 94.Appeals

      4. 95.Attendance of child at hearing under Part IV or V

      5. 96.Evidence given by, or with respect to, children

      6. 97.Privacy for children involved in certain proceedings

      7. 98.Self-incrimination

      8. 99.Legal aid

      9. 100.Restrictions on use of wardship jurisdiction

      10. 101.Effect of orders as between England and Wales and Northern Ireland, the Channel Islands or the Isle of Man

    7. Search warrants

      1. 102.Power of constable to assist in exercise of certain powers to search for children or inspect premises

    8. General

      1. 103.Offences by bodies corporate

      2. 104.Regulations and orders

      3. 105.Interpretation

      4. 106.Financial provisions

      5. 107.Application to Channel Islands

      6. 108.Short title, commencement extent etc

  14. SCHEDULES

    1. SCHEDULE 1

      Financial Provision for Children

      1. Orders for financial relief against parents

        1. 1.(1) On an application made by a parent or guardian...

      2. Orders for financial relief for persons over eighteen

        1. 2.(1) If, on an application by a person who has...

      3. Duration of orders for financial relief

        1. 3.(1) The term to be specified in an order for...

      4. Matters to which court is to have regard in making orders for financial relief

        1. 4.(1) In deciding whether to exercise its powers under paragraph...

      5. Provisions relating to lump sums

        1. 5.(1) Without prejudice to the generality of paragraph 1, an...

      6. Variation etc. of orders for periodical payments

        1. 6.(1) In exercising its powers under paragraph 1 or 2...

      7. Variation of orders for secured periodical payments after death of parent

        1. 7.(1) Where the parent liable to make payments under a...

      8. Financial relief under other enactments

        1. 8.(1) This paragraph applies where a residence order is made...

      9. Interim orders

        1. 9.(1) Where an application is made under paragraph 1 or...

      10. Alteration of maintenance agreements

        1. 10.(1) In this paragraph and in paragraph 11 “maintenance agreement”...

        2. 11.(1) Where a maintenance agreement provides for the continuation, after...

      11. Enforcement of orders for maintenance

        1. 12.(1) Any person for the time being under an obligation...

      12. Direction for settlement of instrument by conveyancing counsel

        1. 13.Where the High Court or a county court decides to...

      13. Financial provision for child resident in country outside England and Wales

        1. 14.(1) Where one parent of a child lives in England...

      14. Local authority contribution to child’s maintenance

        1. 15.(1) Where a child lives, or is to live, with...

      15. Interpretation

        1. 16.(1) In this Schedule “child” includes, in any case where...

    2. SCHEDULE 2

      Local Authority Support for Children and Families

      1. Part I Provision of Services for Families

        1. Identification of children in need and provision of information

          1. 1.(1) Every local authority shall take reasonable steps to identify...

        2. Maintenance of a register of disabled children

          1. 2.(1) Every local authority shall open and maintain a register...

        3. Assessment of children’s needs

          1. 3.Where it appears to a local authority that a child...

        4. Prevention of neglect and abuse

          1. 4.(1) Every local authority shall take reasonable steps, through the...

        5. Provision of accommodation in order to protect child

          1. 5.(1) Where— (a) it appears to a local authority that...

        6. Provision for disabled children

          1. 6.Every local authority shall provide services designed—

        7. Provision to reduce need for care proceedings etc.

          1. 7.Every local authority shall take reasonable steps designed—

        8. Provision for children living with their families

          1. 8.Every local authority shall make such provision as they consider...

        9. Family centres

          1. 9.(1) Every local authority shall provide such family centres as...

        10. Maintenance of the family home

          1. 10.Every local authority shall take such steps as are reasonably...

        11. Duty to consider racial groups to which children in need belong

          1. 11.Every local authority shall, in making any arrangements—

      2. Part II Children Looked After By Local Authorities

        1. Regulations as to placing of children with local authority foster parents

          1. 12.Regulations under section 23(2)(a) may, in particular, make provision—

        2. Regulations as to arrangements under section 23(2)(f)

          1. 13.Regulations under section 23(2)(f) may, in particular, make provision as...

        3. Regulations as to conditions under which child in care is allowed to live with parent, etc.

          1. 14.Regulations under section 23(5) may, in particular, impose requirements on...

        4. Promotion and maintenance of contact between child and family

          1. 15.(1) Where a child is being looked after by a...

        5. Visits to or by children: expenses

          1. 16.(1) This paragraph applies where— (a) a child is being...

        6. Appointment of visitor for child who is not being visited

          1. 17.(1) Where it appears to a local authority in relation...

        7. Power to guarantee apprenticeship deeds etc.

          1. 18.(1) While a child is being looked after by a...

        8. Arrangements to assist children to live abroad

          1. 19.(1) A local authority may only arrange for, or assist...

        9. Death of children being looked after by local authorities

          1. 20.(1) If a child who is being looked after by...

      3. Part III Contributions Towards Maintenance of Children Looked After by Local Authorities

        1. Liability to contribute

          1. 21.(1) Where a local authority are looking after a child...

        2. Agreed contributions

          1. 22.(1) Contributions towards a child’s maintenance may only be recovered...

        3. Contribution orders

          1. 23.(1) Where a contributor has been served with a contribution...

        4. Enforcement of contribution orders etc.

          1. 24.(1) A contribution order made by a magistrates' court shall...

        5. Regulations

          1. 25.The Secretary of State may make regulations—

    3. SCHEDULE 3

      Supervision Orders

      1. Part I General

        1. Meaning of “responsible person”

          1. 1.In this Schedule, “the responsible person”, in relation to a...

        2. Power of supervisor to give directions to supervised child

          1. 2.(1) A supervision order may require the supervised child to...

        3. Imposition of obligations on responsible person

          1. 3.(1) With the consent of any responsible person, a supervision...

        4. Psychiatric and medical examinations

          1. 4.(1) A supervision order may require the supervised child—

        5. Psychiatric and medical treatment

          1. 5.(1) Where a court which proposes to make or vary...

      2. Part II Miscellaneous

        1. Life of supervision order

          1. 6.(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2) and section 91, a supervision...

        2. Limited life of directions

          1. 7.(1) The total number of days in respect of which...

        3. Information to be given to supervisor etc.

          1. 8.(1) A supervision order may require the supervised child—

        4. Selection of supervisor

          1. 9.(1) A supervision order shall not designate a local authority...

        5. Effect of supervision order on earlier orders

          1. 10.The making of a supervision order with respect to any...

        6. Local authority functions and expenditure

          1. 11.(1) The Secretary of State may make regulations with respect...

      3. Part III Education supervision orders

        1. Effect of orders

          1. 12.(1) Where an education supervision order is in force with...

          2. 13.(1) Where an education supervision order is in force with...

        2. Effect where child also subject to supervision order

          1. 14.(1) This paragraph applies where an education supervision order and...

        3. Duration of orders

          1. 15.(1) An education supervision order shall have effect for a...

        4. Information to be given to supervisor etc.

          1. 16.(1) An education supervision order may require the child—

        5. Discharge of orders

          1. 17.(1) The court may discharge any education supervision order on...

        6. Offences

          1. 18.(1) If a parent of a child with respect to...

        7. Persistent failure of child to comply with directions

          1. 19.(1) Where a child with respect to whom an education...

        8. Miscellaneous

          1. 20.The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision modifying,...

        9. Interpretation

          1. 21.In this Part of this Schedule “parent” has the same...

    4. SCHEDULE 4

      Management and Conduct of Community Homes

      1. Part I Instruments of Management

        1. Instruments of management for controlled and assisted community homes

          1. 1.(1) The Secretary of State may by order make an...

          2. 2.(1) An instrument of management shall contain such provisions as...

      2. Part II Management of Controlled and Assisted Community Homes

        1. 3.(1) The management, equipment and maintenance of a controlled community...

      3. Part III Regulations

        1. 4.(1) The Secretary of State may make regulations—

    5. SCHEDULE 5

      Voluntary Homes and Voluntary Organisations

      1. Part I Registration of Voluntary Homes

        1. General

          1. 1.(1) An application for registration under this paragraph shall—

        2. Procedure

          1. 2.(1) Where— (a) a person applies for registration of a...

        3. Right to make representations

          1. 3.(1) A notice under paragraph 2 shall state that within...

        4. Decision of Secretary of State

          1. 4.(1) If the Secretary of State decides to adopt the...

        5. Appeals

          1. 5.(1) An appeal against a decision of the Secretary of...

        6. Notification of particulars with respect to voluntary homes

          1. 6.(1) It shall be the duty of the person in...

      2. Part II Regulations as to Voluntary Homes

        1. Regulations as to conduct of voluntary homes

          1. 7.(1) The Secretary of State may make regulations—

        2. Disqualification

          1. 8.The Secretary of State may by regulation make provision with...

    6. SCHEDULE 6

      Registered Children’s Homes

      1. Part I Registration

        1. Application for registration

          1. 1.(1) An application for the registration of a children’s home...

        2. Conditions imposed on registration

          1. 2.(1) A local authority may grant an application for registration...

        3. Annual review of registration

          1. 3.(1) In this Part “the responsible authority”, in relation to...

        4. Cancellation of registration

          1. 4.(1) The person carrying on a registered children’s home may...

        5. Procedure

          1. 5.(1) Where— (a) a person applies for the registration of...

        6. Right to make representations

          1. 6.(1) A notice under paragraph 5 shall state that within...

        7. Decision of local authority

          1. 7.(1) If the local authority decide to adopt a proposal...

        8. Appeals

          1. 8.(1) An appeal against a decision of a local authority...

        9. Prohibition on further applications

          1. 9.(1) Where an application for the registration of a home...

      2. Part II Regulations

        1. 10.(1) The Secretary of State may make regulations—

    7. SCHEDULE 7

      Foster Parents: Limits on Number of Foster Children

      1. Interpretation

        1. 1.For the purposes of this Schedule, a person fosters a...

      2. The usual fostering limit

        1. 2.Subject to what follows, a person may not foster more...

      3. Siblings

        1. 3.A person may exceed the usual fostering limit if the...

      4. Exemption by local authority

        1. 4.(1) A person may exceed the usual fostering limit if...

      5. Effect of exceeding fostering limit

        1. 5.(1) A person shall cease to be treated as fostering...

      6. Complaints etc.

        1. 6.(1) Every local authority shall establish a procedure for considering...

    8. SCHEDULE 8

      Privately Fostered Children

      1. Exemptions

        1. 1.A child is not a privately fostered child while he...

        2. 2.(1) A child is not a privately fostered child while...

        3. 3.A child is not a privately fostered child while he...

        4. 4.A child is not a privately fostered child while he...

        5. 5.A child is not a privately fostered child while—

      2. Power of local authority to impose requirements

        1. 6.(1) Where a person is fostering any child privately, or...

      3. Regulations requiring notification of fostering etc.

        1. 7.(1) The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision...

      4. Appeals

        1. 8.(1) A person aggrieved by— (a) a requirement imposed under...

      5. Extension of Part IX to certain school children during holidays

        1. 9.(1) Where a child under sixteen who is a pupil...

      6. Prohibition of advertisements relating to fostering

        1. 10.No advertisement indicating that a person will undertake, or will...

      7. Avoidance of insurances on lives of privately fostered children

        1. 11.A person who fosters a child privately and for reward...

    9. SCHEDULE 9

      Child Minding and Day Care for Young Children

      1. Applications for registration

        1. 1.(1) An application for registration under section 71 shall be...

      2. Disqualification from registration

        1. 2.(1) A person may not be registered under section 71...

      3. Exemption of certain schools

        1. 3.(1) Section 71 does not apply in relation to any...

      4. Exemption for other establishments

        1. 4.(1) Section 71(1)(b) does not apply in relation to any...

      5. Exemption for occasional facilities

        1. 5.(1) Where day care for children under the age of...

      6. Certificates of registration

        1. 6.(1) Where a local authority register a person under section...

      7. Fees for annual inspection of premises

        1. 7.(1) Where— (a) a person is registered under section 71,...

      8. Co-operation between authorities

        1. 8.(1) Where it appears to a local authority that any...

    10. SCHEDULE 10

      Amendments of Adoption Legislation

      1. Part I Amendments of Adoption Act 1976 (c. 36)

        1. 1.In section 2 (local authorities' social services) for the words...

        2. 2.In section 11 (restrictions on arranging adoptions and placing of...

        3. 3.(1) In section 12 (adoption orders), in subsection (1) for...

        4. 4.For section 14(1) (adoption by married couple) there shall be...

        5. 5.(1) In section 16 (parental agreement), in subsection (1) for...

        6. 6.(1) In section 18 (freeing child for adoption), after subsection...

        7. 7.In section 19(2) (progress reports to former parents) for the...

        8. 8.(1) In section 20 (revocation of section 18 order), in...

        9. 9.For section 21 (transfer of parental rights and duties between...

        10. 10.(1) In section 22 (notification to local authority of adoption...

        11. 11.In section 25(1) (interim orders) for the words “vesting the...

        12. 12.In— (a) section 27(1) and (2) (restrictions on removal where...

        13. 13.After section 27(2) there shall be inserted—

        14. 14.(1) After section 28(2) there shall be inserted—

        15. 15.In section 29 (return of child taken away in breach...

        16. 16.(1) In section 30 (return of children placed for adoption...

        17. 17.(1) In section 31 (application of section 30 where child...

        18. 18.(1) In section 32 (meaning of “protected child”), in subsection...

        19. 19.(1) In section 35 (notices and information to be given...

        20. 20.(1) In section 51 (disclosure of birth records of adopted...

        21. 21.After section 51 there shall be inserted— Adoption Contact Register...

        22. 22.(1) In section 55 (adoption of children abroad), in subsection...

        23. 23.(1) In section 56 (restriction on removal of children for...

        24. 24.(1) In section 57 (prohibition on certain payments) in subsection...

        25. 25.After section 57 there shall be inserted— Permitted allowances (1) The Secretary of State may make regulations for the...

        26. 26.(1) In section 59 (effect of determination and orders made...

        27. 27.In section 60 (evidence of adoption in Scotland and Northern...

        28. 28.In section 62(5)(b) (courts), for the words from “section 8”...

        29. 29.After section 65 (guardians ad litem and reporting officers) there...

        30. 30.(1) Section 72(1) (interpretation) shall be amended as follows.

        31. 31.For section 74(3) and (4) (extent) there shall be substituted—...

      2. Part II Amendments of Adoption (Scotland) Act 1978 (c. 28)

        1. 32.In section 11 (restrictions on arranging of adoptions and placing...

        2. 33.For section 14(1) (adoption by married couple) there shall be...

        3. 34.In section 16(1)(a) (parental agreement) for the words from “in...

        4. 35.In section 18(5) (effect of order freeing child for adoption)...

        5. 36.In section 20(3)(c) (revocation of section 18 order) the words...

        6. 37.For section 21 (transfer of parental rights and duties between...

        7. 38.In section 22(4) (notification to local authority of adoption application)...

        8. 39.In section 29 (return of child taken away in breach...

        9. 40.In section 32 (meaning of “protected child”), at the end...

        10. 41.In section 45 (adopted children register)— (a) for the words...

        11. 42.In section 49 (adoption of children abroad)—

        12. 43.In section 50(1) (restriction on removal of children for adoption...

        13. 44.In section 53(1) (effect of determination and orders made in...

        14. 45.In section 54(b) (evidence of adoption in Northern Ireland) for...

        15. 46.In section 65(1) (interpretation)— (a) in the definition of “adoption...

    11. SCHEDULE 11

      Jurisdiction

      1. Part I General

        1. Commencement of proceedings

          1. 1.(1) The Lord Chancellor may by order specify proceedings under...

        2. Transfer of proceedings

          1. 2.(1) The Lord Chancellor may by order provide that in...

        3. Hearings by single justice

          1. 3.(1) In such circumstances as the Lord Chancellor may by...

        4. General

          1. 4.(1) For the purposes of this Schedule—

      2. Part II Consequential Amendments

        1. The Administration of Justice Act 1964 (c. 42)

          1. 5.In section 38 of the Administration of Justice Act 1964...

        2. The Domestic Proceedings and Magistrates' Courts Act 1978 (c. 22)

          1. 6.In the Domestic Proceedings and Magistrates' Courts Act 1978—

        3. The Justices of the Peace Act 1979 (c. 55)

          1. 7.In the Justices of the Peace Act 1979—

        4. The Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 (c. 43)

          1. 8.In the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980— (a) in section 65(1)...

        5. The Supreme Court Act 1981 (c. 54)

          1. 9.In paragraph 3 of Schedule 1 to the Supreme Court...

        6. The Matrimonial and Family Proceedings Act 1984 (c. 42)

          1. 10.In section 44 of the Matrimonial and Family Proceedings Act...

        7. The Insolvency Act 1986 (c. 45)

          1. 11.(1) In section 281(5)(b) of the Insolvency Act 1986 (discharge...

    12. SCHEDULE 12

      Minor Amendments

      1. The Custody of Children Act 1891 (c. 3)

        1. 1.The Custody of Children Act 1891 (which contains miscellaneous obsolete...

      2. The Children and Young Persons Act 1933 (c. 12)

        1. 2.In section 1(2)(a) of the Children and Young Persons Act...

        2. 3.Section 40 of that Act shall cease to have effect....

      3. The Education Act 1944 (c. 31)

        1. 4.In section 40(1) of the Education Act 1944 (enforcement of...

      4. The Marriage Act 1949 (c. 76)

        1. 5.(1) In section 3 of the Marriage Act 1949 (consent...

      5. The Births and Deaths Registration Act 1953 (c. 20)

        1. 6.(1) Sections 10 and 10A of the Births and Deaths...

      6. The Army Act 1955 (c. 18)

        1. 7.In section 151 of the Army Act 1955 (deductions from...

        2. 8.(1) Schedule 5A to that Act (powers of court on...

      7. The Air Force Act 1955 (c. 19)

        1. 9.Section 151(1A) of the Air Force Act 1955 (deductions from...

        2. 10.Schedule 5A to that Act (powers of court on trial...

      8. The Sexual Offences Act 1956 (c. 69)

        1. 11.In section 19(3) of the Sexual Offences Act 1956 (abduction...

        2. 12.In section 20(2) of that Act (abduction of unmarried girl...

        3. 13.In section 21(3) of that Act (abduction of defective from...

        4. 14.In section 28 of that Act (causing or encouraging prostitution...

        5. 15.Section 38 of that Act (power of court to divest...

        6. 16.(1) In section 43 of that Act (power to search...

        7. 17.After section 46 of that Act there shall be inserted—...

      9. The Naval Discipline Act 1957 (c. 53)

        1. 18.Schedule 4A to the Naval Discipline Act 1957 (powers of...

      10. The Children and Young Persons Act 1963 (c. 37)

        1. 19.Section 3 of the Children and Young Persons Act 1963...

      11. The Children and Young Persons Act 1969 (c. 54)

        1. 20.In section 5 of the Children and Young Persons Act...

        2. 21.After section 7(7) of that Act (alteration in treatment of...

        3. 22.In section 12A of that Act (young offenders) for subsections...

        4. 23.After that section there shall be inserted— Requirement for young...

        5. 24.(1) In section 15 of that Act (variation and discharge...

        6. 25.(1) In section 16 of that Act (provisions supplementary to...

        7. 26.For section 23 of that Act (remand to care of...

        8. 27.(1) In section 32 of that Act (detention of absentees),...

        9. 28.In section 34(1) of that Act (transitional modifications of Part...

        10. 29.In section 70(1) of that Act (interpretation)—

        11. 30.In section 73 of that Act (extent, etc.)—

      12. The Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 (c. 18)

        1. 31.For section 41 of the Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 (restrictions...

        2. 32.In section 42 of that Act, subsection (3) (declaration by...

        3. 33.In section 52(1) of that Act (interpretation), in the definition...

      13. The National Health Service Act 1977 (c. 49)

        1. 34.In Schedule 8 to the National Health Service Act 1977...

      14. The Child Care Act 1980 (c. 5)

        1. 35.Until the repeal of the Child Care Act 1980 by...

      15. The Education Act 1981 (c. 60)

        1. 36.The following section shall be inserted in the Education Act...

      16. The Child Abduction Act 1984 (c. 37)

        1. 37.(1) Section 1 of the Child Abduction Act 1984 (offence...

        2. 38.(1) In section 2 of that Act (offence of abduction...

        3. 39.At the end of section 3 of that Act (construction...

        4. 40.(1) The Schedule to that Act (modifications of section 1...

      17. The Foster Children (Scotland) Act 1984 (c. 56)

        1. 41.In section 1 of the Foster Children (Scotland) Act 1984...

        2. 42.In section 2(2) of that Act (exceptions to section 1),...

        3. 43.In section 7(1) of that Act (persons disqualified from keeping...

      18. The Disabled Persons (Services, Consultation and Representation) Act 1986 (c. 33)

        1. 44.In section 2(5) of the Disabled Persons (Services, Consultation and...

      19. The Legal Aid Act 1988 (c. 34)

        1. 45.In paragraph 2 of Part I of Schedule 2 to...

    13. SCHEDULE 13

      Consequential Amendments

      1. The Wills Act 1837 (c. 26)

        1. 1.In section 1 of the Wills Act 1837 (interpretation), in...

      2. The Children and Young Persons Act 1933 (c. 12)

        1. 2.In section 1(1) of the Children and Young Persons Act...

        2. 3.In the following sections of that Act—

        3. 4.In section 10(1A) of that Act (vagrants preventing children from...

        4. 5.For section 17 of that Act (interpretation of Part I)...

        5. 6.(1) In section 34 of that Act (attendance at court...

        6. 7.In section 107(1) of that Act (interpretation)—

      3. The Education Act 1944 (c. 31)

        1. 8.(1) Section 40 of the Education Act 1944 (enforcement of...

        2. 9.In section 71 of that Act (complaints with respect to...

        3. 10.After section 114(1C) of that Act (interpretation) there shall be...

      4. The National Assistance Act 1948 (c. 29)

        1. 11.(1) In section 21(1)(a) of the National Assistance Act 1948...

      5. The Reserve and Auxiliary Forces (Protection of Civil Interests) Act 1951 (c. 65)

        1. 12.For section 2(1)(d) of the Reserve and Auxiliary Forces (Protection...

      6. The Mines and Quarries Act 1954 (c. 70)

        1. 13.In section 182(1) of the Mines and Quarries Act 1954...

      7. The Administration of Justice Act 1960 (c. 65)

        1. 14.In section 12 of the Administration of Justice Act 1960...

      8. The Factories Act 1961 (c. 34)

        1. 15.In section 176(1) of the Factories Act 1961 (interpretation), in...

      9. The Criminal Justice Act 1967 (c. 80)

        1. 16.In section 67(1A)(c) of the Criminal Justice Act 1967 (computation...

      10. The Health Services and Public Health Act 1968 (c. 46)

        1. 17.(1) In section 64(3)(a) of the Health Services and Public...

      11. The Social Work (Scotland) Act 1968 (c. 49)

        1. 18.In section 2(2) of the Social Work (Scotland) Act 1968...

        2. 19.In section 5(2)(c) of that Act (power of Secretary of...

        3. 20.In section 21(3) of that Act (mode of provision of...

        4. 21.In section 74(6) of that Act (parent of child in...

        5. 22.In section 75(2) of that Act (parent of child subject...

        6. 23.In section 86(3) of that Act (meaning of ordinary residence...

      12. The Civil Evidence Act 1968 (c. 64)

        1. 24.In section 12(5)(b) of the Civil Evidence Act 1968 (findings...

      13. The Administration of Justice Act 1970 (c. 31)

        1. 25.In Schedule 8 to the Administration of Justice Act 1970...

      14. The Local Authority Social Services Act 1970 (c. 42)

        1. 26.(1) In Schedule 1 to the Local Authority Social Services...

      15. The Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons Act 1970 (c. 44)

        1. 27.After section 28 of the Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons...

      16. The Courts Act 1971 (c. 23)

        1. 28.In Part I of Schedule 9 to the Courts Act...

      17. The Attachment of Earnings Act 1971 (c. 32)

        1. 29.In Schedule 1 to the Attachment of Earnings Act 1971...

      18. The Tribunals and Inquiries Act 1971 (c. 62)

        1. 30.In Schedule 1 to the Tribunals and Inquiries Act 1971...

      19. The Local Government Act 1972 (c. 70)

        1. 31.(1) In section 102(1) of the Local Government Act 1972...

      20. The Employment of Children Act 1973 (c. 24)

        1. 32.(1) In section 2 of the Employment of Children Act...

      21. The Domicile and Matrimonial Proceedings Act 1973 (c. 45)

        1. 33.(1) In Schedule 1 to the Domicile and Matrimonial Proceedings...

      22. The Powers of Criminal Courts Act 1973 (c. 62)

        1. 34.In Schedule 3 to the Powers of Criminal Courts Act...

      23. The Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (c. 53)

        1. 35.(1) Section 7(2) of the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974...

      24. The Domestic Proceedings and Magistrates' Courts Act 1978 (c. 22)

        1. 36.For section 8 of the Domestic Proceedings and Magistrates' Courts...

        2. 37.In section 19(3A)(b) (interim orders) for the words “subsections (2)...

        3. 38.For section 20(12) of that Act (variation and revocation of...

        4. 39.(1) For section 20A of that Act (revival of orders...

        5. 40.In section 23(1) of that Act (supplementary provisions with respect...

        6. 41.(1) In section 25 of that Act (effect on certain...

        7. 42.In section 29(5) of that Act (appeals) for the words...

        8. 43.In section 88(1) of that Act (interpretation)—

      25. The Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 (c. 43)

        1. 44.(1) In section 59(2) of the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980...

      26. The Supreme Court Act 1981 (c. 54)

        1. 45.(1) In section 18 of the Supreme Court Act 1981...

      27. The Armed Forces Act 1981 (c. 55)

        1. 46.In section 14 of the Armed Forces Act 1981 (temporary...

      28. The Civil Jurisdiction and Judgments Act 1982 (c. 27)

        1. 47.In paragraph 5(a) of Schedule 5 to the Civil Jurisdiction...

      29. The Mental Health Act 1983 (c. 20)

        1. 48.(1) For section 27 of the Mental Health Act 1983...

      30. The Registered Homes Act 1984 (c. 23)

        1. 49.(1) In section 1(5) of the Registered Homes Act 1984...

      31. The Mental Health (Scotland) Act 1984 (c. 36)

        1. 50.For section 54 of the Mental Health (Scotland) Act 1984...

      32. The Matrimonial and Family Proceedings Act 1984 (c. 42)

        1. 51.In section 38(2)(b) of the Matrimonial and Family Proceedings Act...

      33. The Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60)

        1. 52.In section 37(14) of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act...

        2. 53.(1) In section 38 of that Act (duties of custody...

        3. 54.In section 39(4) of that Act (responsibilities in relation to...

        4. 55.In Schedule 2 to that Act (preserved powers of arrest)...

      34. The Surrogacy Arrangements Act 1985 (c. 49)

        1. 56.In section 1(2)(b) of the Surrogacy Arrangements Act 1985 (meaning...

      35. The Child Abduction and Custody Act 1985 (c. 60)

        1. 57.(1) In section 9(a) and 20(2)(a) of the Child Abduction...

      36. The Disabled Persons (Services, Consultation and Representation) Act 1986 (c. 33)

        1. 58.In section 1(3) of the Disabled Persons (Services, Consultation and...

        2. 59.(1) Section 2 of that Act (circumstances in which authorised...

        3. 60.In section 5(7)(b) of that Act (disabled persons leaving special...

        4. 61.(1) In section 16 of that Act (interpretation) in the...

      37. The Family Law Act 1986 (c. 55)

        1. 62.(1) The Family Law Act 1986 shall be amended as...

        2. 63.(1) In section 1 (orders to which Part I of...

        3. 64.For section 2 there shall be substituted the following sections—...

        4. 65.(1) In section 3 (habitual residence or presence of child...

        5. 66.(1) In section 6 (duration and variation of Part I...

        6. 67.For section 7 (interpretation of Chapter II) there shall be...

        7. 68.In each of the following sections— (a) section 11(2)(a) (provisions...

        8. 69.In each of the following sections— (a) section 19(2) (jurisdiction...

        9. 70.In section 34(3) (power to order recovery of child) for...

        10. 71.(1) In section 42 (general interpretation of Part I), in...

      38. The Local Government Act 1988 (c. 9)

        1. 72.In Schedule 1 to the Local Government Act 1988 (competition)...

      39. Amendments of local Acts

        1. 73.(1) Section 16 of the Greater London Council (General Powers)...

        2. 74.(1) Section 10(2) of the Greater London Council (General Powers)...

    14. SCHEDULE 14

      Transitionals and Savings

      1. Pending proceedings, etc.

        1. 1.(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (4), nothing in any provision of...

        2. 2.Where, immediately before the day on which Part IV comes...

      2. Custody orders, etc.

        Cessation of declarations of unfitness, etc.

        1. 3.Where, immediately before the day on which Parts I and...

      3. The Family Law Reform Act 1987 (c. 42)

        Conversion of orders under section 4

        1. 4.Where, immediately before the day on which Parts I and...

      4. Orders to which paragraphs 6 to 11 apply

        1. 5.(1) In paragraphs 6 to 11 “an existing order” means...

      5. Parental responsibility of parents

        1. 6.(1) Where— (a) a child’s father and mother were married...

      6. Persons who are not parents but who have custody or care and control

        1. 7.(1) Where a person who is not the parent or...

      7. Persons who have care and control

        1. 8.(1) Sub-paragraphs (2) to (6) apply where a person has...

      8. Persons who have access

        1. 9.(1) Sub-paragraphs (2) to (4) apply where a person has...

      9. Enforcement of certain existing orders

        1. 10.(1) Sub-paragraph (2) applies in relation to any existing order...

      10. Discharge of existing orders

        1. 11.(1) The making of a residence order or a care...

      11. Guardians

        Existing guardians to be guardians under this Act

        1. 12.(1) Any appointment of a person as guardian of a...

      12. Appointment of guardian not yet in effect

        1. 13.Any appointment of a person to be a guardian of...

      13. Persons deemed to be appointed as guardians under existing wills

        1. 14.For the purposes of the Wills Act 1837 and of...

      14. Children in care

        Children in compulsory care

        1. 15.(1) Sub-paragraph (2) applies where, immediately before the day on...

      15. Modifications

        1. 16.(1) Sub-paragraph (2) only applies where a person who is...

      16. Children placed with parent etc. while in compulsory care

        1. 17.(1) This paragraph applies where a child is deemed by...

      17. Orders for access to children in compulsory care

        1. 18.(1) This paragraph applies to any access order—

        2. 19.(1) This paragraph applies where, immediately before the commencement of...

      18. Children in voluntary care

        1. 20.(1) This paragraph applies where, immediately before the day on...

      19. Boarded out children

        1. 21.(1) Where, immediately before the day on which Part III...

      20. Children in care to qualify for advice and assistance

        1. 22.Any reference in Part III to a person qualifying for...

      21. Emigration of children in care

        1. 23.Where— (a) the Secretary of State has received a request...

      22. Contributions for maintenance of children in care

        1. 24.(1) Where, immediately before the day on which Part III...

      23. Supervision orders

        Orders under section 1(3)(b) or 21(2) of the 1969 Act

        1. 25.(1) This paragraph applies to any supervision order—

      24. Other supervision orders

        1. 26.(1) This paragraph applies to any order for the supervision...

      25. Place of safety orders

        1. 27.(1) This paragraph applies to— (a) any order or warrant...

      26. Recovery of children

        1. 28.The repeal by this Act of subsection (1) of section...

        2. 29.(1) This paragraph applies where— (a) a summons has been...

        3. 30.The amendment by paragraph 27 of Schedule 12 of section...

      27. Voluntary organisations: Parental rights resolutions

        1. 31.(1) This paragraph applies to a resolution—

      28. Foster children

        1. 32.(1) This paragraph applies where— (a) immediately before the commencement...

      29. Nurseries and child minding

        1. 33.(1) Sub-paragraph (2) applies where, immediately before the commencement of...

        2. 34.(1) Sub-paragraph (2) applies where, immediately before the commencement of...

      30. Children accommodated in certain establishments

        1. 35.In calculating, for the purposes of section 85(1)(a) or 86(1)(a),...

      31. Criminal care orders

        1. 36.(1) This paragraph applies where, immediately before the commencement of...

      32. Miscellaneous

        Consents under the Marriage Act 1949 (c. 76)

        1. 37.(1) In the circumstances mentioned in sub-paragraph (2), section 3...

      33. The Children Act 1975 (c. 72)

        1. 38.The amendments of other enactments made by the following provisions...

      34. The Child Care Act 1980 (c. 5)

        1. 39.The amendment made to section 106(2)(a) of the Children and...

      35. Legal aid

        1. 40.The Lord Chancellor may by order make such transitional and...

    15. SCHEDULE 15

      Repeals

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