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The Processed Cereal-based Foods and Baby Foods for Infants and Young Children (Scotland) Regulations 2004

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Regulations 2(1), 5(3) and 8(1)(d)

SCHEDULE 1PROCESSED CEREAL-BASED FOODS

PART ICategories of processed CEREAL-BASED foods

1.  Simple cereals which are or have to be reconstituted with milk or other appropriate nutritious liquids.

2.  Cereals with an added high protein food which are or have to be reconstituted with water or other protein-free liquid.

3.  Pastas which are to be used after cooking in boiling water or other appropriate liquids.

4.  Rusks and biscuits which are to be used either directly or, after pulverisation, with the addition of water, milk or other suitable liquids.

PART IIEssential composition of processed CEREAL-BASED foods

The requirements concerning nutrients refer to the products ready for use, marketed as such or reconstituted as instructed by the manufacturer.

1.  Cereal content

Processed cereal-based foods are prepared primarily from one or more milled cereals and/or starchy root products.

The amount of cereal and/or starchy root shall not be less than 25 per cent of the final mixture on a dry weight for weight basis.

2.  Protein

2.1.  For products mentioned in paragraphs 2 and 4 of Part I, the protein content shall not exceed 1.3 g / 100 kJ (5.5 g/100 kcal).

2.2.  For products mentioned in paragraph 2 of Part I, the added protein shall not be less than 0.48 g/100 kJ (2 g/100 kcal).

2.3.  For biscuits mentioned in paragraph 4 of Part I made with the addition of a high protein food, and presented as such, the added protein shall not be less than 0.36 g/100 kJ (1.5g/100 kcal).

2.4.  The chemical index of the added protein shall be equal to at least 80 per cent of that of the reference protein (casein as defined in Schedule 2), or the protein efficiency ratio (PER) of the protein in the mixture shall be equal to at least 70 per cent of that of the reference protein. In all cases, the addition of amino acids is permitted solely for the purpose of improving the nutritional value of the protein mixture, and only in the proportions necessary for that purpose.

3.  Carbohydrates

3.1.  If sucrose, fructose, glucose, glucose syrups or honey are added to products mentioned in paragraphs 1 and 4 of Part I:

  • the amount of added carbohydrates from these sources shall not exceed 1.8 g /100 kJ (7.5 g/100 kcal),

  • the amount of added fructose shall not exceed 0.9 g/100 kJ (3.75 g/100 kcal).

3.2.  If sucrose, fructose, glucose syrups or honey are added to products mentioned in paragraph 2 of Part I:

  • the amount of added carbohydrates from these sources shall not exceed 1.2 g /100 kJ (5 g/100 kcal),

  • the amount of added fructose shall not exceed 0.6 g/100 kJ (2.5 g/100 kcal).

4.  Fat

4.1.  For products mentioned in paragraphs 1 and 4 of Part I, the fat content shall not exceed 0.8 g/100 kJ (3.3 g/100 kcal).

4.2.  For products mentioned in paragraph 2 of Part I, the fat content shall not exceed 1.1 g/100 kJ (4.5 /100 kcal). If the fat content exceeds 0.8 g/100 kJ (3.3 g/100 kcal):

(a)the amount of lauric acid shall not exceed 15 per cent of the total fat content;

(b)the amount of myristic acid shall not exceed 15 per cent of the total fat content;

(c)the amount of linoleic acid (in the form of glycerides = linoleates) shall not be less than 70 mg/100 kJ (300 mg/100 kcal) and shall not exceed 285 mg/100 kJ (1200 mg/100 kcal).

5.  Minerals

5.1.  Sodium

  • sodium salts may only be added to processed CEREAL-BASED foods for technological purposes,

  • the sodium content of processed CEREAL-BASED foods shall not exceed 25 mg/100 kJ (100 mg/100 kcal).

5.2.  Calcium

5.2.1.  For products mentioned in paragraph 2 of Part I, the amount of calcium shall not be less than 20 mg/100 kJ (80 mg/100 kcal).

5.2.2.  For products mentioned in paragraph 4 of Part I manufactured with the addition of milk (milk biscuits) and presented as such, the amount of calcium shall not be less than 12 mg/100 kJ (50 mg/100 kcal).

6.  Vitamins

6.1.  For processed CEREAL-BASED foods the amount of thiamin shall not be less than 25 μg/100 kJ (100 μg/100 kcal).

6.2.  For products mentioned in paragraph 2 of Part I:

Per 100 kJPer 100 kcal
MinimumMaximumMinimumMaximum
(1)

RE = all trans retinol equivalents

(2)

In the form of cholecalciferol, of which 10 μg = 400 i.u. of Vitamin D

Vitamin A (μg RE)(1)144360180
Vitamin D (μg)(2)0.250.7513

These limits are also applicable if vitamins A and D are added to other processed CEREAL-BASED foods.

Regulation 5(3) and Schedule 1, Part II, paragraph 2.4

SCHEDULE 2AMINO ACID COMPOSITION OF CASEIN

Amino acid(g per 100 g of protein)
Arginine3.7
Cystine0.3
Histidine2.9
Isoleucine5.4
Leucine9.5
Lysine8.1
Methionine2.8
Phenylalanine5.2
Threonine4.7
Tryptophan1.6
Tyrosine5.8
Valine6.7

Regulations 5(4) and 8(1)(d)

SCHEDULE 3ESSENTIAL COMPOSITION OF BABY FOODS

The requirements concerning nutrients refer to the products ready for use, marketed as such or reconstituted as instructed by the manufacturer.

1.  Protein

1.1.  If meat, poultry, fish, offal or other traditional source of protein are the only ingredients mentioned in the name of the product, then:

  • the named meat, poultry, fish, offal or other traditional protein source, in total, shall constitute not less than 40 per cent by weight of the total product,

  • each named meat, poultry, fish, offal or other traditional source of protein shall constitute not less than 25 per cent, by weight, of total named protein sources,

  • the total protein from the named sources shall not be less than 1.7 g/100 kJ (7 g/100 kcal).

1.2.  If meat, poultry, fish, offal or other traditional source of protein, singularly or in combination, are mentioned first in the name of the product, whether or not the product is presented as a meal, then:

  • the named poultry, fish, offal or other traditional protein source, in total, shall constitute not less than 10 per cent by weight of the total product,

  • each named meat, poultry, fish, offal or other traditional source of protein shall constitute not less than 25 per cent by weight, of total named protein sources,

  • the protein from the named sources shall not be less than 1 g/100 kJ (4 g/100 kcal).

1.3.  If meat, poultry, fish, offal or other traditional source of protein, singularly or in combination are mentioned, but not first, in the name of the product, whether or not the product is presented as a meal, then:

  • the named meat, poultry, fish, offal or other traditional protein source, in total, shall constitute not less than 8 per cent by weight of the total product,

  • each named meat, poultry, fish, offal or other traditional source of protein shall constitute not less than 25 per cent, by weight, of total named protein sources,

  • the total protein from the named sources shall not be less than 0.5 g/100 kJ (2.2 g/100 kcal),

  • the total protein in the product from all sources shall not be less than 0.7 g/100 kJ (3 g/100 kcal).

1.4.  If cheese is mentioned together with other ingredients in the name of a savoury product, whether or not the product is presented as a meal, then:

  • the protein from the dairy sources shall not be less than 0.5 g/100 kJ (2.2 g/100 kcal),

  • the total protein in the product from all sources shall not be less than 0.7 g/100 kJ (3 g/100 kcal).

1.5.  If the product is designated on the label as a meal, but does not mention meat, poultry, fish, offal or other traditional source of protein in the name of the product, the total protein in the product from all sources shall not be less than 0.7 g / 100 kJ (3 g /100 kcal).

1.6.  Sauces presented as an accompaniment to a meal are exempt from the requirements of paragraph 1.1 to 1.5.

1.7.  Sweet dishes that mention dairy products as the first or only ingredient in the name shall contain not less than 2.2 g dairy protein / 100 kcal. All other sweet dishes are exempt from the requirements in paragraph 1.1 to 1.5.

1.8.  The addition of amino acids is permitted solely for the purpose of improving the nutritional value of the protein present, and only in the proportions necessary for that purpose.

2.  Carbohydrates

The quantities of total carbohydrates present in fruit and vegetable juices and nectars, fruit-only dishes, and desserts or puddings shall not exceed:

  • 10 g/100 ml for vegetable juices and drinks based on them,

  • 15 g/100 ml for fruit juices and nectars and drinks based on them,

  • 20 g/100 g for fruit-only dishes,

  • 25 g/100 g for desserts and puddings,

  • 5 g/100 g for other non-milk-based drinks.

3.  Fat

3.1.  For products referred to in paragraph 1.1 if meat or cheese are the only ingredients or are mentioned first in the name of a product, the total fat in the product from all sources shall not exceed 1.4 g/100 kJ (6 g/100 kcal).

3.2.  For all other products the total fat in the product from all sources shall not exceed 1.1 g/100 kJ (4.5 g/100 kcal).

4.  Sodium

4.1.  The final sodium content in the product shall be either not more than 48 mg/100 kJ (200 mg/100 kcal) or not more than 200 mg per 100 g. However if cheese is the only ingredient mentioned in the name of the product, the final sodium content in the product shall not be more than 70 mg/100 kJ (300 mg/100 kcal).

4.2.  Sodium salts may not be added to products based on fruit, nor to desserts or puddings except for technological purposes.

5.  Vitamins

Vitamin C–

In a fruit juice, nectar, or vegetable juice the final content of vitamin C in the product shall be either not less than 6 mg / 100 kJ (25 mg / 100 kcal) or not less than 25 mg per 100 g.

Vitamin A–

In vegetable juices, the final content of vitamin A in the product shall be not less than 25 μg RE/100 kJ (100 μg RE/100 kcal) and, for the purposes of this paragraph, RE = all trans retinol equivalents.

Vitamin A shall not be added to other baby foods.

Vitamin D–

Vitamin D shall not be added to baby foods.

Regulations 6(1) and 8(2)

SCHEDULE 4NUTRITIONAL SUBSTANCES

Vitamins

  • 1.  Vitamin A

    Retinol

    Retinyl acetate

    Retinyl palmitate

    Beta-carotene

  • Vitamin D

    Vitamin D2 (= ergocalciferol)

    Vitamin D3 (= cholecalciferol)

  • Vitamin B1

    Thiamin hydrochloride

    Thiamin mononitrate

  • Vitamin B2

    Riboflavin

    Riboflavin-5'-phosphate, sodium

  • Niacin

    Nicotinamide

    Nicotinic acid

  • Vitamin B6

    Pyridoxine hydrochloride

    Pyridoxine-5-phosphate

    Pyridoxine dipalmitate

  • Pantothenic acid

    D-pantothenate, calcium

    D-pantothenate, sodium

    Dexpanthenol

  • Folate

    Folic acid

  • Vitamin B12

    Cyanocobalamin

    Hydroxocobalamin

  • Biotin

    D-biotin

  • Vitamin C

    L-ascorbic acid

    Sodium L-ascorbate

    Calcium L-ascorbate

    6-palmityl-L-ascorbic acid (ascorbyl palmitate)

    Potassium ascorbate

  • Vitamin K

    Phylloquinone (phytomenadione)

  • Vitamin E

    D-alpha tocopherol

    DL-alpha tocopherol

    D-alpha tocopherol acetate

    DL-alpha tocopherol acetate

Amino acids

  • 2.  L-arginine }

  • L-cystine }

  • L-histidine } and their hydrochlorides

  • L-isoleucine }

  • L-leucine }

  • L-lysine }

  • L-cysteine }

  • L-methionine

  • L-phenylalanine

  • L-threonine

  • L-tryptophan

  • L-tyrosine

  • L-valine

Others

  • 3.  Choline

  • Choline chloride

  • Choline citrate

  • Choline bitartrate

  • Inositol

  • L-carnitine

  • L-carnitine hydrochloride

Salts of minerals and trace elements

  • 4.  Calcium

    Calcium carbonate

    Calcium chloride

    Calcium salts of citric acid

    Calcium gluconate

    Calcium glycerophosphate

    Calcium lactate

    Calcium oxide

    Calcium hydroxide

    Calcium salts of orthophosphoric acid

  • Magnesium

    Magnesium carbonate

    Magnesium chloride

    Magnesium salts of citric acid

    Magnesium gluconate

    Magnesium oxide

    Magnesium hydroxide

    Magnesium salts of orthophosphoric acid

    Magnesium sulphate

    Magnesium lactate

    Magnesium glycerophosphate

  • Potassium

    Potassium chloride

    Potassium salts of citric acid

    Potassium gluconate

    Potassium lactate

    Potassium glycerophosphate

  • Iron

    Ferrous citrate

    Ferric ammonium citrate

    Ferrous gluconate

    Ferrous lactate

    Ferrous sulphate

    Ferrous fumarate

    Ferric diphosphate (ferric pyrophosphate)

    Elemental iron (carbonyl + electrolytic + hydrogen-reduced)

    Ferric saccharate

    Sodium ferric diphosphate

    Ferrous carbonate

  • Copper

    Copper-lysine complex

    Cupric carbonate

    Cupric citrate

    Cupric gluconate

    Cupric sulphate

  • Zinc

    Zinc acetate

    Zinc citrate

    Zinc lactate

    Zinc sulphate

    Zinc oxide

    Zinc gluconate

  • Manganese

    Manganese carbonate

    Manganese chloride

    Manganese citrate

    Manganese gluconate

    Manganese sulphate

    Manganese glycerophosphate

  • Iodine

    Sodium iodide

    Potassium iodide

    Potassium iodate

    Sodium iodate

Regulation 6(2) and (3)

SCHEDULE 5MAXIMUM LIMITS FOR VITAMINS, MINERALS AND TRACE ELEMENTS, IF ADDED, IN PROCESSED CEREAL-BASED FOODS AND BABY FOODS

PART IGeneral

Column 1Column 2
NutrientMaximum limit per 100 kcal(1)
(1)

Unless otherwise stated in column 2 of Part I or column 3 of Part II, the maximum limits specified in those columns apply to food ready for use, whether marketed as such or reconstituted as instructed by the manufacturer.

Vitamin E3 mg α-TE
Riboflavin0.4 mg
Niacin4.5 mg NE
Vitamin B60.35 mg
Folic acid50 μg
Vitamin B120.35 μg
Pantothenic acid1.5 mg
Biotin10 μg
Potassium160 mg (of the food as sold)
Magnesium40 mg
Iron3 mg
Zinc2 mg
Copper40 μg
Iodine35 μg
Manganese0.6 mg

PART IISpecified foods

Column 1Column 2Column 3
FoodNutrientMaximum limit per 100 kcal(1)
(1)

Unless otherwise stated in column 2 of Part I or column 3 of Part II, the maximum limits specified in those columns apply to food ready for use, whether marketed as such or reconstituted as instructed by the manufacturer.

(2)

RE = all trans retinol equivalents.

1.  Vegetable juices which are baby foods

Vitamin A180 μg RE(2)

2.  Food fortified with iron

Vitamin C25 mg

3.  Fruit-based dishes, fruit juices, nectars or vegetable juices

Vitamin C125 mg

4.  Food other than that within entry number 2 or 3 above

Vitamin C12.5 mg

5.  Processed CEREAL-BASED food

Thiamin0.5 mg

6.  Baby food

Thiamin0.25 mg

7.  Food within paragraphs 1 or 2 of Part I of Schedule 1

Calcium180 mg (of the food as sold)

8.  Food within paragraph 4 of Part I of Schedule 1

Calcium100 mg (of the food as sold)

9.  Food other than that within entry number 7 or 8 above

Calcium80 mg (of the food as sold)

Regulation 7(1) and (3)

SCHEDULE 6PESTICIDES WHOSE RESIDUES MUST NOT BE PRESENT IN PROCESSED CEREAL-BASED FOODS OR BABY FOODS AT A LEVEL EXCEEDING 0.003 mg/kg

Chemical name

  • Aldrin and dieldrin, expressed as dieldrin

  • Disulfoton (sum of disulfoton, disulfoton sulfoxide and disulfoton sulfone expressed as disulfoton)

  • Endrin

  • Fensulfothion (sum of fensulfothion, its oxygen analogue and their sulfones, expressed as fensulfothion)

  • Fentin, expressed as triphenyltin cation

  • Haloxyfop (sum of haloxyfop, its salts and esters including conjugates, expressed as haloxyfop)

  • Heptachlor and trans-heptachlor epoxide, expressed as heptachlor

  • Hexachlorobenzene

  • Nitrofen

  • Omethoate

  • Terbufos (sum of terbufos, its sulfoxide and sulfone, expressed as terbufos)

Regulation 7(2) and (3)

SCHEDULE 7SPECIFIC MAXIMUM RESIDUE LEVELS OF CERTAIN PESTICIDES IN PROCESSED CEREAL-BASED FOODS OR BABY FOODS

Column 1Column 2
Chemical name of the substanceMaximum residue level (mg/kg)
Cadusafos0.006
Demeton-S-methyl/demeton-S-methyl sulfone/oxydemeton-methyl (individually or combined, expressed as demeton-S-methyl)0.006
Ethoprophos0.008
Fipronil (sum of fipronil and fipronil-desulfinyl, expressed as fipronil)0.004
Propineb/propylenethiourea (sum of propineb and propylenethiourea)0.006

Regulation 8(3)

SCHEDULE 8REFERENCE VALUES FOR NUTRITION LABELLING FOR FOODS INTENDED FOR INFANTS AND YOUNG CHILDREN

Column 1Column 2
NutrientLabelling reference value
Vitamin A(μg) 400
Vitamin D(μg) 10
Vitamin C(mg) 25
Thiamin(mg) 0.5
Riboflavin(mg) 0.8
Niacin equivalents(mg) 9
Vitamin B6(mg) 0.7
Folate(μg) 100
Vitamin B12(μg) 0.7
Calcium(mg) 400
Iron(mg) 6
Zinc(mg) 4
Iodine(μg) 70
Selenium(μg) 10
Copper(mg) 0.4

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