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The Environmental Impact Assessment (Forestry) (Scotland) Regulations 1999

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Regulation 2(1)

SCHEDULE 1INFORMATION FOR INCLUSION IN ENVIRONMENTAL STATEMENTS

PART 1

1.  Description of the project, including in particular–

(a)a description of the physical characteristics of the whole project and the land-use requirements during the construction and operational phases;

(b)a description of the main characteristics of the production processes, for instance, nature and quantity of the materials used;

(c)an estimate, by type and quantity, of expected residues and emissions (water, air and soil pollution, noise, vibration, light, heat, radiation, etc.) resulting from the operation of the proposed project.

2.  An outline of the main alternatives studied by the applicant and an indication of the main reasons for his choice, taking into account the environmental effects.

3.  A description of the aspects of the environment likely to be significantly affected by the proposed project, including in particular, population, fauna, flora, soil, water, air, climatic factors, material assets including the architectural and archaeological heritage, landscape and inter-relationship between the above factors.

4.  A description of the likely significant effects of the proposed projects on the environment, which should cover the direct effects and any indirect, secondary, cumulative, short, medium and long-term, permanent and temporary, positive and negative effects of the project, resulting from–

(a)the existence of the project;

(b)the use of natural resources;

(c)the emission of pollutants, the creation of nuisances, and the elimination of waste, and the description by the applicant of the forecasting methods used to assess the effects on the environment.

5.  A description of the measures envisaged to prevent, reduce and, where possible, offset any significant adverse effects on the environment.

6.  A non-technical summary of the information provided under paragraphs 1 to 5 above.

7.  An indication of any difficulties (technical deficiencies or lack of know-how) encountered by the applicant in compiling the required information.

PART II

1.  A description of the project comprising information on the site, design and size of the project.

2.  A description of the measures envisaged in order to avoid, reduce and, if possible, remedy significant adverse effects.

3.  The data required to identify and assess the main effects which the project is likely to have on the environment.

4.  An outline of the main alternatives studied by the applicant and an indication of the main reasons for his choice, taking into account the environmental effects.

5.  A non-technical summary of the information provided under paragraphs 1 to 4 above.

Regulation 3(3)

SCHEDULE 2THRESHOLDS FOR IDENTIFICATION OF PROJECTS LIKELY TO HAVE SIGNIFICANT EFFECTS ON THE ENVIRONMENT

Interpretation

1.  For the purposes of this Schedule–

  • “sensitive area” means–

    (a)

    land notified under subsection (1) of section 28 (areas of special scientific interest) of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981(1);

    (b)

    land to which subsection (3) of section 29 (nature conservancy orders) of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 applies;

    (c)

    a property appearing on the World Heritage List kept under article 11(2) of the 1972 UNESCO Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage(2);

    (d)

    a scheduled monument within the meaning of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979(3);

    (e)

    an area designated as a Natural Heritage Area by a direction made by the Secretary of State or the Scottish Ministers under section 6(2) of the Natural Heritage (Scotland) Act 1991(4) or as a National Scenic Area by a direction made by the Secretary of State under section 262C of the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1972(5);

    (f)

    a European site within the meaning of regulation 10 of the Conservation (Natural Habitats etc.) Regulations 1994(6);

  • “specified threshold” means any threshold specified in hectares in Column 2 or 3 of the Table in paragraph 2 below.

Thresholds

2.—(1) For the purposes of regulation 3(3), the threshold for any project of a type specified in an entry in column 1 in the Table below is the area (if any) specified in the corresponding entry in Column 2 or 3 of the Table, whichever is appropriate to the land covered, or proposed to be covered, by that project.

(2) This paragraph applies subject to paragraph 3 of this Schedule.

TABLE

Column 1Column 2Column 3
Type of ProjectThreshold where any part of the land is in a sensitive areaThreshold where no part of the land is in a sensitive area
Afforestation

2 hectares, where the sensitive area is one referred to in paragraph 1(e) above.

No threshold in the case of other sensitive areas.

5 hectares.
Deforestation

0.5 hectare, where the sensitive area is one referred to in paragraph 1(e) above

No threshold in the case of other sensitive areas.

1 hectare.
Forest road worksNo threshold.1 hectare.
Forest quarry worksNo threshold.1 hectare.

Thresholds for extending projects

3.—(1) Where the project under consideration is an extending project–

(a)the thresholds specified in the Table in paragraph 2 above shall not apply; and

(b)the threshold applicable for that project for the purposes of regulation 3(3) shall be instead such balance (if any), in hectares, of the area specified in Column 2 or, as the case may be, Column 3 in that Table opposite the entry in Column 1 for that type of project as remains after deduction of the accumulated material past project area).

(2) For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1)(b) above, it is immaterial whether any part of the accumulated material past project area is, or is not, in a sensitive area (or any kind of sensitive area).

(3) In this paragraph–

“extending project” means any project covering, or proposed to cover, land adjoining the area of one or more material past projects;

“material past project”, in relation to a particular extending project, means a project which–

(a)

is of the same type (as specified in regulation 3(2)) as that extending project; and

(b)

was completed after the coming into force of these Regulations; and

(c)

was completed not more than five years before the proposed date for starting the work relating to that extending project;

“Accumulated material past project area”, in relation to a particular extending project, means the total area covered by–

(a)

the material past project or, if more than one, all of them; and

(b)

every other project–

(i)

whose area adjoins the material past project, or one of them; and

(ii)

which satisfies conditions (a) to (c) in the definition of “material past project”.

Consideration of thresholds in other cases where project adjoins or is near another project

4.—(1) The facts–

(a)that a project is or would be adjoining or, in the opinion of the Commissioners or (as the case may be) the Scottish Ministers, near another project of any type specified in regulation 3(2), and

(b)that, for any reason, the case in question does not fall within paragraph 3 above,

may be regarded by the Commissioners or the Scottish Ministers as rendering the circumstances of that project exceptional for the purposes of regulation 6(3) or (as the case may be) 7(6).

(2) This paragraph–

(a)shall not affect the application of those regulations in a case which does fall within paragraph 3; and

(b)shall not be interpreted as limiting the generality of the references in those regulations to circumstances which are, in the opinion of the Commissioners or (as the case may be) the Scottish Ministers, exceptional.

Regulations 6(2) and 7(5)

SCHEDULE 3PROJECTS HAVING SIGNIFICANT EFFECTS ON THE ENVIRONMENT: SELECTION CRITERIA

Characteristics of projects

1.  The characteristics of projects must be considered having regard, in particular, to:

  • the size of the project;

  • the cumulation with other projects;

  • the use of natural resources;

  • the production of waste;

  • pollution and nuisances;

  • the risk of accidents, having regard in particular to substances or technologies used.

Location of projects

2.  The environmental sensitivity of geographical areas likely to be affected by projects must be considered, having regard, in particular, to:

  • the existing land use;

  • the relative abundance, quality and regenerative capacity of natural resources in the area;

  • the absorption capacity of the natural environment, paying particular attention to the following areas:

    (a)

    wetlands;

    (b)

    coastal zones;

    (c)

    mountain and forest areas;

    (d)

    nature reserves and parks;

    (e)

    areas classified or protected in the United Kingdom or under the law of other member states; special protection areas designated pursuant to Directive 79/409/EEC on the conservation of wild birds(7) and 92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and wild fauna(8);

    (f)

    areas in which the environmental quality standards laid down in Community legislation have already been exceeded;

    (g)

    densely populated areas;

    (h)

    landscapes of historical, cultural or archaeological significance.

Characteristics of the potential impact

3.  The potential significant effects of projects must be considered in relation to criteria set out under headings 1 and 2 above, and having regard in particular to:

  • the extent of the impact (geographical area and size of the affected population);

  • the transfrontier nature of the impact;

  • the magnitude and complexity of the impact;

  • the probability of the impact;

  • the duration, frequency and reversibility of the impact.

Regulations 15(3), 17(7) and 21(7)

SCHEDULE 4ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS

(a)

Human beings, fauna and flora;

(b)

soil, water, air, climate and the landscape;

(c)

material assets and the cultural heritage; and

(d)

the interaction between the factors mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (c) above.

(1)

1981 c. 69, amended by the Wildlife and Countryside (Amendment) Act 1985 (c. 31) and the Wildlife and Countryside (Service of Notices) Act 1985 (c. 59).

(2)

See Command Paper 9424.

(3)

1979 c. 46. See the definition in section 1(11).

(5)

1972 c. 52; section 6(9) of the Natural Heritage (Scotland) Act 1991 contained a saving provision for any areas which were designated as National Scenic Areas under section 262C as at the date of repeal of that section by section 27 of, and Schedule 11 to, the 1991 Act.

(7)

OJ No.L103, 25.4.1979, p.1.

(8)

OJ No.L206, 22.7.1992, p.7.

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