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Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Defence statements

124Defence statements: solemn proceedings

(1)This section applies where the accused lodges a defence statement under section 70A of the 1995 Act.

(2)As soon as practicable after the prosecutor receives a copy of the defence statement, the prosecutor must—

(a)review all the information that may be relevant to the case for or against the accused of which the prosecutor is aware, and

(b)disclose to the accused any information to which section 121(3) applies.

(3)After section 70 of the 1995 Act insert—

70ADefence statements

(1)This section applies where an indictment is served on an accused.

(2)The accused must lodge a defence statement at least 14 days before the first diet.

(3)The accused must lodge a defence statement at least 14 days before the preliminary hearing.

(4)At least 7 days before the trial diet the accused must—

(a)where there has been no material change in circumstances in relation to the accused’s defence since the last defence statement was lodged, lodge a statement stating that fact,

(b)where there has been a material change in circumstances in relation to the accused’s defence since the last defence statement was lodged, lodge a defence statement.

(5)If after lodging a statement under subsection (2), (3) or (4) there is a material change in circumstances in relation to the accused’s defence, the accused must lodge a defence statement.

(6)Where subsection (5) requires a defence statement to be lodged, it must be lodged before the trial diet begins unless on cause shown the court allows it to be lodged during the trial diet.

(7)The accused may lodge a defence statement—

(a)at any time before the trial diet, or

(b)during the trial diet if the court on cause shown allows it.

(8)As soon as practicable after lodging a defence statement or a statement under subsection (4)(a), the accused must send a copy of the statement to the prosecutor and any co-accused.

(9)In this section, “defence statement” means a statement setting out—

(a)the nature of the accused’s defence, including any particular defences on which the accused intends to rely,

(b)any matters of fact on which the accused takes issue with the prosecution and the reason for doing so,

(c)particulars of the matters of fact on which the accused intends to rely for the purposes of the accused’s defence,

(d)any point of law which the accused wishes to take and any authority on which the accused intends to rely for that purpose,

(e)by reference to the accused’s defence, the nature of any information that the accused requires the prosecutor to disclose, and

(f)the reasons why the accused considers that disclosure by the prosecutor of any such information is necessary..

(4)In section 78 of the 1995 Act (special defences, incrimination, notice of witnesses etc.), after subsection (1) insert—

(1A)Subsection (1) does not apply where—

(a)the accused lodges a defence statement under section 70A, and

(b)the accused’s defence consists of or includes a special defence..

125Defence statements: summary proceedings

(1)This section applies where—

(a)a plea of not guilty is recorded against an accused charged on summary complaint, and

(b)during the relevant period the accused lodges a defence statement.

(2)A defence statement must set out—

(a)the nature of the accused’s defence, including any particular defences on which the accused intends to rely,

(b)any matters of fact on which the accused takes issue with the prosecution and the reason for doing so,

(c)particulars of the matters of fact on which the accused intends to rely for the purposes of the accused’s defence,

(d)any point of law which the accused wishes to take and any authority on which the accused intends to rely for that purpose,

(e)by reference to the accused’s defence, the nature of any information that the accused wishes the prosecutor to disclose, and

(f)the reasons why the accused considers that disclosure by the prosecutor of any such information is necessary.

(3)As soon as practicable after lodging a defence statement, the accused must send a copy of the statement to the prosecutor and any co-accused.

(4)As soon as practicable after receiving a copy of the defence statement the prosecutor must—

(a)review all the information that may be relevant to the case for or against the accused of which the prosecutor is aware, and

(b)disclose to the accused any information to which section 121(3) applies.

(5)In this section, “relevant period”, in relation to the accused, is the period—

(a)beginning with the recording of the accused’s plea of not guilty, and

(b)ending with the conclusion of the proceedings to which the plea relates.

(6)For the purposes of subsection (5), proceedings are to be taken to be concluded if—

(a)a plea of guilty is recorded against the accused,

(b)the accused is acquitted,

(c)the proceedings against the accused are deserted simpliciter,

(d)the accused is convicted and does not appeal against the conviction before the expiry of the time allowed for such an appeal,

(e)the accused is convicted and appeals against the conviction before the expiry of the time allowed for such an appeal,

(f)the proceedings are deserted pro loco et tempore for any reason and no further trial diet is appointed, or

(g)the complaint falls or is for any other reason not brought to trial, the diet is not continued, adjourned or postponed and no further proceedings are in contemplation.

(7)In section 149B of the 1995 Act (notice of defences), after subsection (2) insert—

(2A)Subsection (1) does not apply where—

(a)the accused lodges a defence statement under section 125 of the Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp 13),

(b)the statement is lodged—

(i)where an intermediate diet is to be held, at or before the diet, or

(ii)where such a diet is not to be held, no later than 10 clear days before the trial diet, and

(c)the accused’s defence consists of or includes a defence to which that subsection applies..

126Change in circumstances following lodging of defence statement: summary proceedings

(1)This section applies where the accused lodges a defence statement under section 125 at least 14 days before the trial diet.

(2)At least 7 days before the trial diet the accused must—

(a)where there has been no material change in circumstances in relation to the accused’s defence since the defence statement was lodged, lodge a statement stating that fact,

(b)where there has been a material change in circumstances in relation to the accused’s defence since the defence statement was lodged, lodge a defence statement.

(3)If after lodging a statement under subsection (2) there is a material change in circumstances in relation to the accused’s defence, the accused must lodge a defence statement.

(4)Where subsection (3) requires a defence statement to be lodged, it must be lodged before the trial diet begins unless on cause shown the court allows it to be lodged during the trial diet.

(5)As soon as practicable after lodging a statement under subsection (2)(a) or a defence statement under subsection (2)(b) or (3), the accused must send a copy of the statement concerned to the prosecutor and any co-accused.

(6)As soon as practicable after receiving a copy of a defence statement lodged under subsection (2)(b) or (3) the prosecutor must—

(a)review all the information that may be relevant to the case for or against the accused of which the prosecutor is aware, and

(b)disclose to the accused any information to which section 121(3) applies.

(7)In this section, “defence statement” is to be construed in accordance with section 125(2).

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