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Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010

  • Explanatory Notes Table of contents

Please note:

All reference to 'Parts' and 'sections' are from the Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010. For other versions of these Explanatory Notes, see More Resources.

  1. Introduction

  2. Commentary on Sections

    1. Part 1 - Sentencing

      1. Sections 1 - 13 - The Scottish Sentencing Council

      2. Section 14 – Community payback orders

      3. Section 15 – Non-harassment orders

      4. Section 16 - Short periods of detention

      5. Section 17 – Presumption against short periods of imprisonment

      6. Section 18 - Amendments of Custodial Sentences and Weapons (Scotland) Act 2007

      7. Section 19 – Early removal of certain short-term prisoners from the United Kingdom

      8. Section 20 - Reports about supervised persons

      9. Section 21 – Detention of children convicted on indictment

      10. Section 22 – Pre-sentencing reports about organisations

      11. Section 23 - Extended sentences for certain sexual offences

      12. Section 24 - Effect of probation and absolute discharge

      13. Section 25 - Offences aggravated by racial or religious prejudice

      14. Section 26- Voluntary intoxication by alcohol: effect in sentencing

      15. Section 27- Mutual recognition of judgements and probation decisions

    2. Part 2 - Criminal Law

      1. Section 28 – Involvement in serious organised crime

      2. Section 29 – Offences aggravated by connection with serious organised crime

      3. Section 30 – Directing serious organised crime

      4. Section 31 – Failure to report serious organised crime

      5. Section 32 – Genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes: UK residents

        Section 33 – Genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes: retrospective application

      6. Section 34 – Articles banned in prison

      7. Section 35 - Sale and hire of crossbows to persons under 18

      8. Section 36 - Sale and hire of knives and certain other articles to persons under 18

      9. Section 37– Offensive weapons etc.

      10. Section 38 – Threatening or abusive behaviour

      11. Section 39 – Offence of stalking

      12. Section 40 - Certain sexual offences by non-natural persons

      13. Section 41 - Indecent images of children

      14. Section 42 - Extreme pornography

      15. Section 43 – Voyeurism: additional forms of conduct

      16. Section 44 – Sexual offences: defences in relation to offences against older children

      17. Section 45 – Penalties for offences of brothel-keeping and living on the earnings of prostitution

      18. Section 46 - People trafficking

      19. Section 47 - Slavery, servitude and forced or compulsory labour

      20. Section 48 - Alternative charges for fraud and embezzlement

      21. Section 49 – Articles for use in fraud

      22. Section 50 - Conspiracy to commit offences outwith Scotland

      23. Section 51 – Abolition of offences of sedition and leasing-making

    3. Part 3 - Criminal Procedure

      1. Section 52 – Prosecution of children

      2. Section 53 – Offences: liability of partners

      3. Section 54 – Witness statements

      4. Section 55 - Breach of undertaking

      5. Section 56 - Grant of warrants for execution by constables and police members of SCDEA

      6. Section 57 - Bail review applications

      7. Section 58 - Bail condition for identification procedures etc.

      8. Section 59 - Bail conditions: remote monitoring requirements

      9. Section 60 - Prosecution on indictment: Scottish Law Officers

      10. Section 61 -Transfer of justice of the peace court cases

      11. Section 62 – Additional charge where bail etc. breached

      12. Section 63 – Dockets and charges in sex cases

      13. Section 64 - Remand and committal of children and young persons

      14. Sections 65-68 - Prosecution of organisations

      15. Section 69 – Prohibition of personal conduct of case by accused in certain proceedings

      16. Section 70 - Disclosure of convictions and non-court disposals

      17. Section 71 - Convictions by courts in other EU member States

      18. Section 72 – Time limits for lodging certain appeals

      19. Section 73 – Submissions as to sufficiency of evidence

      20. Section 74 – Prosecutor’s right of appeal

      21. Section 75 – Power of High Court in appeal under section 107A of 1995 Act

      22. Section 76 – Further amendment of the 1995 Act

      23. Sections 77-82 - Retention and use of samples etc.

      24. Section 83 - Referrals from Scottish Criminal Cases Review Commission: grounds for appeal

    4. Part 4 - Evidence

      1. Section 84 – Admissibility of prior statements of witnesses: abolition of competence test

      2. Section 85 – Witness statements: use during trial

      3. Section 86 - Spouse or civil partner of accused a compellable witness

      4. Section 87 – Special measures for child witnesses and other vulnerable witnesses

      5. Section 88 – Child witnesses in proceedings for people trafficking offences

      6. Section 89 – Amendment of Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2003

      7. Section 90 - Witness anonymity orders

      8. Section 91 - Television link evidence

      9. Section 92 – European evidence warrants

    5. Part 5 - Criminal Justice

      1. Section 93 – Lists of jurors

      2. Section 94 - Upper age limit for jurors

      3. Section 95 – Excusal from jury service

      4. Section 96 - Persons excusable from jury service

      5. Section 97 - Data matching for detection of fraud etc.

      6. Section 98 - Sharing information with anti-fraud organisations

      7. Section 99 - Closure of premises associated with human exploitation etc.

      8. Section 100 - Sexual offences prevention orders

      9. Section 101 - Foreign travel orders

      10. Section 102 – Sex offender notification requirements

      11. Section 103 - Risk of sexual harm orders

      12. Section 104 - Risk of sexual harm orders: spent convictions

      13. Section 105 – Obtaining information from outwith United Kingdom

      14. Section 106 – Grant of authorisations for surveillance

      15. Section 107 – Authorisations to interfere with property etc.

      16. Section 108 - Amendments of Part 5 of Police Act 1997

      17. Section 109 – Spent alternatives to prosecution: Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974

      18. Section 110 – Medical services in prison

      19. Section 111 - Assistance for victim support

      20. Section 112 - Public defence solicitors

      21. Section 113 - Compensation for miscarriages of justice

      22. Section 114 - Financial reporting orders

      23. Section 115 - Compensation orders

    6. Part 6 - Disclosure

      1. Section 116 - Meaning of “information”

      2. Section 117 – Provision of information to prosecutor: solemn cases

      3. Section 118 – Continuing duty to provide information: solemn cases

      4. Section 119 – Provision of information to prosecutor: summary cases

      5. Section 120 – Continuing duty of investigating agency: summary cases

      6. Section 121 – Prosecutor’s duty to disclose information

      7. Section 122 – Disclosure of other information: solemn cases

      8. Section 123 – Continuing duty of prosecutor

      9. Section 124 – Defence statements: solemn proceedings

      10. Section 125 – Defence statements: summary proceedings

      11. Section 126 – Change in circumstances following lodging of defence statement: summary proceedings

      12. Section 127 – Sections 121 to 126: no need to disclose same information more than once

      13. Section 128 – Application by accused for ruling on disclosure

      14. Section 129 – Review of ruling under section 128

      15. Section 130 – Appeals against rulings under section 128

      16. Section 131 – Effect of guilty plea

      17. Section 132 – Sections 133 to 140: Interpretation

      18. Section 133 – Duty to disclose after conclusion of proceedings at first instance

      19. Section 134 – Continuing duty of prosecutor

      20. Section 135 – Application to prosecutor for further disclosure

      21. Section 136 – Further duty of prosecutor: conviction upheld on appeal

      22. Section 137 – Further duty of prosecutor: convicted persons

      23. Section 138 – Further duty of prosecutor: appeal against acquittal

      24. Section 139 – Application by appellant for ruling on disclosure

      25. Section 140 – Review of ruling under section 139

      26. Sections 141 to 145 overview

      27. Section 141 – Application for section 145 order

      28. Section 142 – Application for non-notification order or exclusion order

      29. Section 143 – Application for non-notification order and exclusion order

      30. Section 144 – Application for exclusion order

      31. Section 145 – Application for section 145 order: determination

      32. Section 146 – Order preventing or restricting disclosure: application by Secretary of State

      33. Section 147 – Application for ancillary orders: Secretary of State

      34. Section 148 – Application for restricted notification order and non-attendance order

      35. Section 149 - Application for non-attendance order

      36. Section 150 – Special counsel

      37. Section 151 – Persons eligible for appointment as special counsel

      38. Section 152 – Role of special counsel

      39. Section 153 - Appeals

      40. Section 154 – Prohibition on disclosure pending determination of certain appeals

      41. Section 155 – Review of section 145 order

      42. Section 156 – Review of section 146 order

      43. Section 157 – Review by court of section 145 and 146 orders

      44. Section 158 – Applications and reviews: general provisions

      45. Section 159 – Exemptions from disclosure

      46. Section 160 – Means of disclosure

      47. Section 161 – Redaction of non-disclosable information by prosecutor

      48. Section 162 – Confidentiality of disclosed information

      49. Section 163 – Contravention of section 162

      50. Section 164 – Code of practice

      51. Section 165 – Acts of Adjournal

      52. Section 166 – Abolition of common law rules about disclosure

    7. Part 7 - Mental Disorder and Unfitness for Trial

      1. Section 168 - Criminal responsibility of persons with mental disorder

      2. Section 169 - Acquittal involving mental disorder: procedure

      3. Section 170 - Unfitness for trial

      4. Section 171 – Abolition of common law rules

    8. Part 8 - Licensing under Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982

      1. Section 172 - Conditions to which licences under 1982 Act are to be subject

      2. Section 173 - Licensing: powers of entry and inspection for civilian employees

      3. Section 174 – Licensing of taxis and private hire cars

      4. Section 175 – Licensing of street trading: food hygiene certificates

      5. Section 176 – Licensing of public entertainment

      6. Section 177 - Licensing of late night catering

      7. Section 178 - Applications for licences

    9. Part 9 - Alcohol Licensing

      1. Section 179 - Premises licence applications: statements about disabled access etc.

      2. Section 180 - Premises licence applications: notification requirements

      3. Section 181 - Premises licence applications: modification of layout plans

      4. Section 182 – Review of premises licences: notification of determinations

      5. Section 183 - Premises licence applications: antisocial behaviour reports

      6. Section 184 – Premises licences: connected persons and interested parties

      7. Section 185 – Provisional premises licences: duration

      8. Section 186 – Premises licence applications: food hygiene certificates

      9. Section 187 – Provision of copies of licences to chief constable

      10. Section 188 – Sale of alcohol to trade

      11. Section 189 - Occasional licences

      12. Section 190 – Extended hours applications: notification period

      13. Section 191 - Extended hours application: variation of conditions

      14. Section 192 - Personal licences

      15. Section 193 - Emergency closure orders

      16. Section 194 – Appeals

      17. Section 195 - Liability for offences

      18. Section 196 – False statements in applications: offence

      19. Section 197 - Powers of Licensing Standards Officers

      20. Section 198 – Further modifications of 2005 Act

    10. Part 10 - Miscellaneous

      1. Section 199 - Annual report on Criminal Justice (Terrorism and Conspiracy) Act 1998

      2. Section 200 – Modification of references to “Act”, “enactment” etc. in certain Acts of Parliament

    11. Part 11 - General

      1. Section 201 - Orders and regulations

      2. Section 202 – Interpretation

      3. Section 203 - Modification of enactments

      4. Section 204 – Ancillary provision

      5. Section 205 -Transitional provision etc.

      6. Section 206 – Short title and commencement

    12. Schedule 1 – The Scottish Sentencing Council

    13. Schedule 2 – Community Payback Orders: consequential modifications

      1. Part 1 - The 1995 Act

      2. Part 2 – Other enactments

        1. Paragraph 30 – The Firearms Act 1968 (c.27)

        2. Paragraph 31 – The Social Work (Scotland) Act 1968 (c.49).

        3. Paragraph 32 – The Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (c.53).

        4. Paragraph 33 - The Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Scotland) Act 1980 (c.55).

        5. Paragraph 34 – The Local Government and Planning (Scotland) Act 1982 (c.43).

        6. Paragraph 35 – The 1982 Act

        7. Paragraph 36 – The Foster Children (Scotland) Act 1984 (c.56).

        8. Paragraph 37 – The Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988 (c.53).

        9. Paragraph 38 – The Jobseekers Act 1995 (c.18).

        10. Paragraph 39 – The Criminal Procedure (Consequential Provisions) (Scotland) Act 1995 (c.40).

        11. Paragraph 40 – The Proceeds of Crime (Scotland) Act 1995 (c.43).

        12. Paragraph 41 – The Crime and Punishment (Scotland) Act 1997 (c.48).

        13. Paragraph 42 – The Crime and Disorder Act 1998 (c.37).

        14. Paragraph 43 – The Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 (c.6).

        15. Paragraph 44 – The Criminal Justice and Court Services Act 2000 (c.43).

        16. Paragraph 45 – The Social Security Fraud Act 2001 (c.11).

        17. Paragraph 46 – The Justice (Northern Ireland) Act 2002 (c.26).

        18. Paragraph 47 – The Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 7).

        19. Paragraph 48 – The Mental Health (Care and Treatment) (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp. 13).

        20. Paragraph 49 – The Criminal Justice Act 2003 (c.44).

        21. Paragraph 50 – The Antisocial Behaviour etc. (Scotland) Act 2004 (asp 8).

        22. Paragraph 51 – The Management of Offenders etc. (Scotland) Act 2005 (asp 14).

        23. Paragraph 52 – The Criminal Proceedings etc. (Reform) (Scotland) Act 2007 (asp 6).

        24. Paragraph 53 – The Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 (c.4).

    14. Schedule 3 – Short-term custody and community sentences: consequential amendments

    15. Schedule 4 – Convictions by Courts in other EU Member States: modifications of enactments

    16. Schedule 5 – Witness anonymity orders: transitional

    17. Schedule 6 – Further modifications of 2005 Act

    18. Schedule 7 – Modification of enactments

      1. Paragraphs 1, 2, 6, 19, 64, 72 – The Libel Act 1792 (para 1), The Criminal Libel Act 1819 (para 2), The Defamation Act 1952 (para 6), The Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 (para 19), The Defamation Act 1996 (para 64) and The Legal Deposit Libraries Act 2003 (para 72)

      2. Paragraph 3 – The False Oaths (Scotland) Act 1933

      3. Paragraph 4 – The Public Records (Scotland) Act 1937

      4. Paragraph 5 – The Law Officers Act 1944

      5. Paragraphs 7 to 10 – The Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974

      6. Paragraph 11 – The Evidence (Proceedings in Other Jurisdictions) Act 1975

      7. Paragraphs 12–14 - The 1982 Act

      8. Paragraph 16 – The Legal Aid (Scotland) Act 1986

      9. Paragraph 17 – The Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1987

        Paragraph 18 – The Criminal Justice Act 1988

        Paragraph 20 – The Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994

      10. Paragraphs 21, 22 and 23 – The Criminal Law (Consolidation) (Scotland) Act 1995

      11. Paragraph 24 – The Criminal Procedure(Consequential Provisions) (Scotland) Act 1995

      12. Paragraphs 25-62 – The 1995 Act

      13. Paragraph 63 – The Offensive Weapons Act 1996

      14. Paragraphs 65 to 68 – The Crime and Punishment (Scotland) Act 1997

      15. Paragraph 69 – The Terrorism Act 2000

      16. Paragraph 70 – The Protection of Children (Scotland) Act 2003

      17. Paragraph 71 – The Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2003

      18. Paragraph 73 – The Sexual Offences Act 2003

      19. Paragraph 74 – The Criminal Procedure (Amendment) (Scotland) Act 2004

      20. Paragraph 75 – The Protection of Children and Prevention of Sexual Offences (Scotland) Act 2005

      21. Paragraph 76 – The Management of Offenders etc. (Scotland) Act 2005

      22. Paragraph 77 – Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005

      23. Paragraphs 78-83 - The Criminal Proceedings etc (Reform) (Scotland) Act 2007

      24. Paragraph 84 – The Protection of Vulnerable Groups (Scotland) Act 2007

      25. Paragraph 85 – The Counter-Terrorism Act 2008

      26. Paragraph 86 – The Sexual Offences (Scotland) Act 2009

      27. Paragraph 87 – The Coroners and Justice Act 2009

  3. Parliamentary History

  • Explanatory Notes Table of contents

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Explanatory Notes

Text created by the Scottish Executive department responsible for the subject matter of the Act to explain what the Act sets out to achieve and to make the Act accessible to readers who are not legally qualified. Explanatory Notes were introduced in 1999 and accompany all Acts of the Scottish Parliament except those which result from Budget Bills

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