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Antisocial Behaviour etc. (Scotland) Act 2004

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Part 1Antisocial behaviour strategies

1Antisocial behaviour strategies

(1)Each local authority and relevant chief constable shall, acting jointly, prepare a strategy for dealing with antisocial behaviour in the authority’s area.

(2)Each local authority shall publish the strategy.

(3)The strategy shall in particular—

(a)set out an assessment of the extent of occurrences of antisocial behaviour in the authority’s area;

(b)set out an assessment of the types of antisocial behaviour occurring in the authority’s area;

(c)specify arrangements for consulting community bodies and other persons (including in particular young persons) in each part of the authority’s area in which there are (or are likely to be) occurrences of antisocial behaviour, about how to deal with antisocial behaviour in the part;

(d)specify the range and availability in the authority’s area of any services—

(i)for persons under the age of 16 years; and

(ii)for persons generally,

which are designed to deal with antisocial behaviour occurring there, the consequences of such behaviour or the prevention of such behaviour;

(e)in so far as not specified under paragraph (d), specify the range and availability in the authority’s area of any services for—

(i)victims of antisocial behaviour;

(ii)persons who witness occurrences of antisocial behaviour; and

(iii)the provision of mediation in relation to disputes arising from antisocial behaviour; and

(f)make provision about—

(i)how the authority and the relevant chief constable are to co-ordinate the discharge of their functions in so far as they may be discharged in relation to antisocial behaviour in the authority’s area;

(ii)the exchange of information relating to such behaviour between the authority and the relevant chief constable;

(iii)the giving by the authority and the relevant chief constable of information of that kind to such other persons as appear to the authority and the chief constable to have an interest in dealing with antisocial behaviour and the receipt by the authority and the chief constable of information of that kind from those other persons; and

(iv)the exchange of information relating to antisocial behaviour among such other persons as are mentioned in sub-paragraph (iii).

(4)The local authority and the relevant chief constable—

(a)shall keep the strategy under review; and

(b)may from time to time revise the strategy.

(5)If a strategy is revised under subsection (4), the local authority shall publish the revised strategy.

(6)In preparing, reviewing and revising the strategy, the local authority shall consult—

(a)the Principal Reporter;

(b)registered social landlords which provide or manage property in the authority’s area; and

(c)such community bodies and other persons as the local authority considers appropriate.

(7)In considering which persons to consult, the local authority shall seek to include those who are representative of persons adversely affected by antisocial behaviour.

(8)Each local authority and relevant chief constable shall, in discharging functions under this section and in implementing a strategy as published under it, have regard to any guidance issued by the Scottish Ministers about those matters.

(9)Before issuing any such guidance, the Scottish Ministers shall consult such persons as they see fit.

(10)For the purposes of subsection (1), the Scottish Ministers may by directions require such persons as appear to them to hold information relating to antisocial behaviour to supply—

(a)such information as may be specified in the direction; or

(b)information of a description specified in the direction,

to a local authority and relevant chief constable.

(11)In this section—

  • “community bodies” has the meaning given by section 15(4) of the Local Government in Scotland Act 2003 (asp 1); and

  • “relevant chief constable”, in relation to a local authority, means the chief constable for the police area which is wholly or partly within the area of the authority.

2Reports and information

(1)Subject to subsection (3)(b), each local authority shall from time to time publish reports on—

(a)how the authority and the relevant chief constable have implemented the strategy as published under section 1(2) or (5); and

(b)what were the results of that implementation.

(2)It shall be the duty of—

(a)the relevant chief constable;

(b)the Principal Reporter; and

(c)any registered social landlord which provides or manages property within the area of the local authority that published the strategy,

to provide such information as the authority may reasonably require in order to enable the authority to comply with the duty under subsection (1).

(3)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make provision as to—

(a)the form and content of reports under subsection (1); and

(b)the frequency and timing of publication of such reports.

(4)Before making regulations under subsection (3) the Scottish Ministers shall consult—

(a)such associations of local authorities; and

(b)such other persons,

as they think fit.

(5)A local authority shall, on being so required by the Scottish Ministers, provide them with reports or other information (being reports or information about the matters referred to in subsection (1)) of such kind as they specify in the requirement.

(6)In this section “relevant chief constable” has the same meaning as in section 1.

3Scottish Ministers' power to apply sections 1 and 2 to registered social landlords

(1)The Scottish Ministers may make regulations for the purpose of securing the participation of a registered social landlord in the preparation, review or revision of a strategy such as is mentioned in section 1(1).

(2)Regulations under subsection (1) may in particular make such modifications of sections 1(1), (3), (4), (6) and (8) and 2(1) as the Scottish Ministers consider necessary or expedient for that purpose.

Part 2Antisocial behaviour orders

Antisocial behaviour orders

4Antisocial behaviour orders

(1)On the application of a relevant authority, the sheriff may, if satisfied that the conditions mentioned in subsection (2) are met as respects the person to whom the application relates (the “specified person”), make an antisocial behaviour order.

(2)Those conditions are—

(a)that the specified person is at least 12 years of age;

(b)that the specified person has engaged in antisocial behaviour towards a relevant person; and

(c)that an antisocial behaviour order is necessary for the purpose of protecting relevant persons from further antisocial behaviour by the specified person.

(3)For the purpose of determining whether the condition mentioned in subsection (2)(b) is met, the sheriff shall disregard any act or conduct of the specified person which that person shows was reasonable in the circumstances.

(4)Where the specified person is a child, the sheriff shall, before determining the application, require the Principal Reporter to arrange a children’s hearing for the purpose of obtaining their advice as to whether the condition mentioned in subsection (2)(c) is met; and the sheriff shall, in determining whether that condition is met, have regard to that advice.

(5)Subject to subsections (6) and (7), an antisocial behaviour order is an order which prohibits, indefinitely or for such period as may be specified in the order, the specified person from doing anything described in the order.

(6)The prohibitions that may be imposed by an antisocial behaviour order are those necessary for the purpose of protecting relevant persons from further antisocial behaviour by the specified person.

(7)If an antisocial behaviour order is made on the application of a local authority the order may, in addition to imposing prohibitions that are necessary for the purpose mentioned in subsection (6), impose such prohibitions as are necessary for the purpose of protecting other persons (“affected persons”) from further antisocial behaviour by the specified person.

(8)Before making an antisocial behaviour order, the sheriff shall, where the specified person is present in court, explain in ordinary language—

(a)the effect of the order and the prohibitions proposed to be included in it;

(b)the consequences of failing to comply with the order;

(c)the powers the sheriff has under sections 5 and 6; and

(d)the entitlement of the specified person to appeal against the making of the order.

(9)Failure to comply with subsection (8) shall not affect the validity of the order.

(10)An application for an antisocial behaviour order shall be made by summary application to the sheriff within whose sheriffdom the specified person is alleged to have engaged in antisocial behaviour.

(11)Before making an application under this section—

(a)a relevant authority shall consult the relevant consultees; and

(b)a registered social landlord shall—

(i)in the case where the specified person is a child, consult the local authority within whose area the specified person resides or appears to reside about the proposed application;

(ii)in the case where the specified person is not a child, notify that local authority of the proposed application.

(12)Nothing in this section shall prevent a relevant authority from instituting any legal proceedings otherwise than under this section against any person in relation to any antisocial behaviour.

(13)In this section, “relevant person” means—

(a)in relation to an application by a local authority, a person within the area of the authority; and

(b)in relation to an application by a registered social landlord—

(i)a person residing in, or otherwise in or likely to be in, property provided or managed by that landlord; or

(ii)a person in, or likely to be in, the vicinity of such property.

5Antisocial behaviour orders: variation and revocation

(1)On the application of—

(a)the relevant authority that obtained an antisocial behaviour order; or

(b)the person subject to such an order,

the sheriff may vary or revoke the order.

(2)Where the person subject to the order is a child, the sheriff shall, in determining whether to vary or revoke it, have regard to any views expressed by the Principal Reporter.

(3)Before making an application under this section—

(a)a relevant authority shall consult the relevant consultees; and

(b)a registered social landlord shall—

(i)in the case where the person subject to the order is a child, consult the local authority within whose area the person resides or appears to reside about the proposed application;

(ii)in the case where the person subject to the order is not a child, notify that local authority of the proposed application.

6Appeals: effect on competence of application under section 5

Where a person appeals against—

(a)the making of an antisocial behaviour order; or

(b)the variation, under section 5, of such an order,

it shall not be competent for that person to make an application under that section before the appeal is disposed of or abandoned.

Interim antisocial behaviour orders

7Interim antisocial behaviour orders

(1)Subsection (2) applies where—

(a)an application is made under section 4; and

(b)the application has been intimated to the specified person.

(2)If the sheriff is satisfied—

(a)that the condition mentioned in paragraph (a) of section 4(2) is met;

(b)that prima facie the condition mentioned in paragraph (b) of that section is met; and

(c)that the making of an interim antisocial behaviour order (an “interim order”) is necessary for the purpose mentioned in paragraph (c) of that section,

the sheriff may make an interim order.

(3)Where the specified person is a child, the sheriff shall, in determining whether to make an interim order, have regard to any views expressed by the Principal Reporter.

(4)An interim order is an order which prohibits, pending the determination of the application, the specified person from doing anything described in the order.

(5)Sections 4(6) and (7) shall apply to an interim order as they apply to an antisocial behaviour order.

(6)Before making an interim order, the sheriff shall, where the specified person is present in court, explain in ordinary language—

(a)the effect of the order and the prohibitions proposed to be included in it;

(b)the consequences of failing to comply with the order;

(c)the power the sheriff has to recall the order; and

(d)the entitlement of the specified person to appeal against the making of the order.

(7)Failure to comply with subsection (6) shall not affect the validity of the order.

(8)An interlocutor granting or refusing an interim order is an appealable interlocutor.

Notification of orders

8Notification of making etc. of orders and interim orders

(1)Subsection (2) applies where—

(a)an antisocial behaviour order is made or varied; or

(b)an interim order is made.

(2)The clerk of the court by which the order is made or varied shall cause a copy of the order as so made or varied to be—

(a)served on the person subject to the order; and

(b)given to the relevant authority on whose application the order was made.

(3)Subsection (4) applies where—

(a)an antisocial behaviour order is revoked; or

(b)an interim order is recalled.

(4)The clerk of the court by which the order is revoked or recalled shall notify—

(a)the person subject to the order; and

(b)the relevant authority on whose application the order was made,

of the revocation or recall.

(5)For the purposes of subsection (2)(a), a copy is served if—

(a)given to the person subject to the order; or

(b)sent to that person by registered post or the recorded delivery service.

(6)For the purposes of subsection (4)(a), the person subject to the order is notified if notification is sent to the person by registered post or the recorded delivery service.

(7)A certificate of posting of a letter sent under subsection (5)(b) or (6) issued by the postal operator concerned shall be sufficient evidence of the sending of the letter on the day specified in such certificate.

(8)In subsection (7), “postal operator” has the meaning given by section 125(1) of the Postal Services Act 2000 (c. 26).

Breach of orders

9Breach of orders

(1)Subject to subsection (3), a person who—

(a)is subject to an antisocial behaviour order or an interim order; and

(b)without reasonable excuse, does anything that the order to which the person is subject prohibits the person from doing,

shall be guilty of an offence.

(2)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) shall be liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum or to both; or

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 5 years or to a fine or to both.

(3)If—

(a)otherwise than under subsection (1), the thing done by the person constitutes an offence (a “separate offence”); and

(b)the person is charged with the separate offence,

the person shall not be liable to be proceeded against for an offence under subsection (1).

(4)Subject to subsection (5), if a person is convicted of a separate offence, the court which sentences the person for that offence shall, in determining the appropriate sentence or disposal, have regard to—

(a)the fact that the separate offence was committed while the person was subject to the antisocial behaviour order or, as the case may be, interim order;

(b)the number of antisocial behaviour orders and interim orders to which the person was subject at the time of commission of the separate offence;

(c)any previous conviction of the person for an offence under subsection (1); and

(d)the extent to which the sentence or disposal in respect of any previous conviction of the person differed, by virtue of this subsection, from that which the court would have imposed but for this section.

(5)The court shall not, under subsection (4)(a), have regard to the fact that the separate offence was committed while the person was subject to the antisocial behaviour order or, as the case may be, the interim order unless that fact is libelled in the indictment or, as the case may be, specified in the complaint.

(6)The fact that the separate offence was committed while the person was subject to an antisocial behaviour order or, as the case may be, an interim order, shall, unless challenged—

(a)in the case of proceedings on indictment, by the giving of notice of a preliminary objection in accordance with section 71(2) or 72(6)(b)(i) of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 46); or

(b)in summary proceedings, by preliminary objection before the person’s plea is recorded,

be held as admitted.

10Breach of orders: prohibition on detention of children

(1)The Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 46) shall be amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (2) of section 44 (detention of children), after “offence” there shall be inserted “(other than, if the child is under the age of 16 years, an offence under section 9(1) of the Antisocial Behaviour etc. (Scotland) Act 2004 (asp 8) or that section as applied by section 234AA(11) of this Act)”.

(3)In section 208 (detention of children convicted on indictment), after “Act” there shall be inserted “and subsection (3) below”.

(4)At the end of section 208 there shall be added—

(3)If the child is under the age of 16 years, the power conferred by subsection (1) above shall not be exercisable in respect of a conviction for an offence under section 9(1) of the Antisocial Behaviour etc. (Scotland) Act 2004 (asp 8) or that section as applied by section 234AA(11) of this Act..

11Breach of orders: arrest without warrant

(1)Where a constable reasonably believes that a person is committing or has committed an offence under section 9(1), the constable may arrest the person without warrant.

(2)Subsection (1) is without prejudice to any power of arrest conferred by law apart from that subsection.

Orders in respect of children

12Sheriff’s power to refer case to children’s hearing

(1)Where the sheriff makes an antisocial behaviour order or an interim order in respect of a child, the sheriff may require the Principal Reporter to refer the child’s case to a children’s hearing.

(2)The Children (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 36) shall be amended in accordance with subsections (3) to (5).

(3)After paragraph (l) of section 52(2) (children requiring compulsory measures of supervision) there shall be inserted—

(m)is a child to whom subsection (2A) below applies.

(2A)This subsection applies to a child where—

(a)a requirement is made of the Principal Reporter under section 12(1) of the Antisocial Behaviour etc. (Scotland) Act 2004 (asp 8) (power of sheriff to require Principal Reporter to refer case to children’s hearing) in respect of the child’s case; and

(b)the child is not subject to a supervision requirement..

(4)After section 65(1) (referral of case to children’s hearing), there shall be inserted—

(1A)Where the Principal Reporter is satisfied that the ground specified in section 52(2)(m) of this Act is established in respect of any child, he shall be taken to be satisfied as to the matter mentioned in section 65(1)(a) in respect of the child..

(5)In section 73(8) (arrangements to review supervision requirement)—

(a)in paragraph (a)(v), after “months;” there shall be inserted—

(aa)where—

(i)a requirement is made of the Principal Reporter under section 12(1) of the Antisocial Behaviour etc. (Scotland) Act 2004 (asp 8) (power of sheriff to require Principal Reporter to refer case to children’s hearing) in respect of the child’s case; and

(ii)the child is subject to a supervision requirement,

arrange for a children’s hearing to review the supervision requirement;;

(b)in paragraph (b), for “that” there shall be substituted “any such”.

13Sheriff’s power to make parenting order

(1)Where a sheriff makes an antisocial behaviour order in respect of a child, the sheriff may, where subsection (2) applies, make a parenting order in respect of a parent of the child.

(2)This subsection applies where—

(a)the sheriff is satisfied that the making of the order is desirable in the interests of preventing the child from engaging in further antisocial behaviour; and

(b)the Scottish Ministers have notified the court that the local authority for the area in which the parent ordinarily resides has made arrangements that would enable the order to be complied with.

(3)In this section—

  • “parent” has the meaning given by section 117; and

  • “parenting order” has the meaning given by section 103(1).

Provision of information and records

14Provision of information to local authorities

(1)Where by virtue of subsection (2)(b) of section 8 a registered social landlord—

(a)is given a copy of an antisocial behaviour order as made or varied; or

(b)is given a copy of an interim order,

it shall give a copy to each relevant local authority.

(2)Where by virtue of subsection (4)(b) of that section a registered social landlord—

(a)is notified of the revocation of an antisocial behaviour order; or

(b)is notified of the recall of an interim order,

it shall notify each relevant local authority of the date on which the order was revoked or recalled.

(3)In this section “relevant local authority” means a local authority whose area includes the premises referred to in section 4(13)(b) in relation to any person for whose protection the order was made.

15Records of orders

(1)A local authority shall keep records of—

(a)each antisocial behaviour order; and

(b)each interim order,

of which the authority is given a copy by virtue of section 8(2)(b) or 14(1).

(2)A record kept under subsection (1) shall specify—

(a)the person in respect of whom the order was made;

(b)the prohibitions imposed by the order;

(c)if the record relates to an antisocial behaviour order—

(i)whether a prohibition is indefinite or for a definite period and where it is for a period, that period;

(ii)where the authority is, by virtue of section 8(2)(b) or, as the case may be, 14(1), given a copy of the order as varied, the variation and its date; and

(iii)where the authority is, by virtue of section 8(4)(b) or, as the case may be, 14(2), notified of the revocation of the order, the date on which it was revoked;

(d)if the record relates to an interim order, where the authority is, by virtue of section 8(4)(b) or, as the case may be, 14(2), notified of the recall of the order, the date on which it was recalled; and

(e)such other matters relating to the order as the Scottish Ministers may prescribe in regulations.

(3)A local authority shall, on a request to do so being made to it by a person mentioned in subsection (4), disclose to that person information contained in a record kept under subsection (1).

(4)Those persons are—

(a)the Scottish Ministers;

(b)the Principal Reporter;

(c)any other local authority;

(d)a chief constable; and

(e)a registered social landlord.

Guidance and research

16Guidance in relation to antisocial behaviour orders

A person (other than a court) shall, in discharging functions by virtue of this Part (other than section 13), have regard to any guidance given by the Scottish Ministers about—

(a)the discharge of those functions; and

(b)matters arising in connection with the discharge of those functions.

17Arrangement of study into operation of Part

(1)The Scottish Ministers shall—

(a)arrange for the carrying out of a study into the operation of this Part; and

(b)lay a report on the results of the study before the Scottish Parliament within 3 years of the date on which the whole of the Part was first in force.

(2)The Scottish Ministers shall make such preparations for the carrying out of the study as are necessary to enable the study to commence as soon as the whole of the Part is in force; and such preparations may include, in particular, the instruction of a research team and the formation of a research advisory group to assist in the direction of the study.

Interpretation

18Interpretation of Part 2

In this Part—

  • “affected person” has the meaning given by section 4(7);

  • “antisocial behaviour order” has the meaning given by section 4(5);

  • “child” means a person who is under the age of 16 years;

  • “interim order” has the meaning given by section 7(2)(c);

  • “relevant authority” means—

    (a)

    a local authority; or

    (b)

    a registered social landlord;

  • “relevant consultees” means—

    (a)

    in relation to an antisocial behaviour order sought or made on the application of a local authority—

    (i)

    the chief constable of the police force for the area which includes the area of the authority;

    (ii)

    the chief constable of each police force for an area where there is an affected person;

    (iii)

    each local authority in whose area there is an affected person; and

    (iv)

    if the person in respect of whom the order is sought or made is a child, the Principal Reporter;

    (b)

    in relation to an antisocial behaviour order sought or made on the application of a registered social landlord—

    (i)

    the chief constable of the police force for the area in which the person in respect of whom the order is sought or made resides or appears to reside; and

    (ii)

    if that person is a child, the Principal Reporter;

  • “specified person” has the meaning given by section 4(1).

Part 3Dispersal of groups

Authorisations and powers

19Authorisations

(1)Subsection (2) applies where a police officer of or above the rank of superintendent (a “senior police officer”) has reasonable grounds for believing—

(a)that any members of the public have been alarmed or distressed as a result of the presence or behaviour of groups of two or more persons in public places in any locality in the officer’s police area (the “relevant locality”); and

(b)that antisocial behaviour is a significant, persistent and serious problem in the relevant locality.

(2)The senior police officer may authorise the exercise of the powers conferred by section 21—

(a)during a specified period;

(b)on specified days that fall within a specified period;

(c)between specified times that fall within a specified period.

(3)An authorisation under subsection (2)—

(a)shall be in writing;

(b)shall be signed by the senior police officer giving it; and

(c)shall specify—

(i)the relevant locality;

(ii)the grounds on which the authorisation is given; and

(iii)when the powers are exercisable.

(4)Before giving an authorisation under subsection (2) the senior police officer who proposes to give it shall ensure that any local authority whose area includes the whole or part of the relevant locality is consulted.

(5)A period specified under subsection (2) shall not exceed 3 months.

(6)In subsection (2), “specified” means specified by the senior police officer.

20Authorisations: supplementary

(1)Before the powers conferred by section 21 become exercisable by virtue of an authorisation, the senior police officer who gave the authorisation shall ensure that an authorisation notice is—

(a)published in a newspaper circulating in the relevant locality; and

(b)displayed in some conspicuous place or places within the relevant locality.

(2)An “authorisation notice” is a notice which—

(a)states that authorisation has been given;

(b)specifies the relevant locality; and

(c)specifies when the powers may be exercised.

(3)An authorisation may be withdrawn by—

(a)the senior police officer who gave it; or

(b)any police officer whose police area includes the relevant locality and whose rank is the same as or higher than that of the senior police officer mentioned in paragraph (a).

(4)Before withdrawing, under subsection (3), an authorisation, the police officer who proposes to withdraw the authorisation shall ensure that any local authority whose area includes the whole or part of the relevant locality is consulted.

(5)The withdrawal of an authorisation shall not affect the exercise, by virtue of the authorisation, of any power which occurred before the withdrawal.

(6)The giving or withdrawal of an authorisation shall not prevent the giving of a further authorisation in respect of a locality which includes the whole or any part of the relevant locality to which the earlier authorisation relates.

(7)In this section, “authorisation” means an authorisation under section 19.

21Powers exercisable in pursuance of authorisations

(1)Where a constable has reasonable grounds for believing that the presence or behaviour of a group of two or more persons in any public place in the relevant locality is causing or is likely to cause alarm or distress to any members of the public, the constable may exercise a power mentioned in subsection (3).

(2)In determining whether to exercise a power mentioned in subsection (3) a constable shall have regard to whether the exercise of the power would be likely to result in the persons in the group causing less alarm and distress to members of the public in the relevant locality than if the power were not exercised.

(3)Subject to subsection (5), the constable may give—

(a)a direction requiring the persons in the group to disperse;

(b)a direction requiring any of those persons whose place of residence is not within the relevant locality to leave the relevant locality or any part of the relevant locality;

(c)a direction prohibiting any of those persons whose place of residence is not within the relevant locality from returning to the relevant locality or any part of the relevant locality during such period (not exceeding 24 hours) from the giving of the direction as the constable may specify.

(4)The constable may require a direction under paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection (3) to be complied with—

(a)immediately or by such time as the constable may specify;

(b)in such way as may be so specified.

(5)A direction under subsection (3) may not be given in respect of a group of persons—

(a)who are engaged in conduct which is lawful under section 220 of the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 (c. 52); or

(b)who are taking part in a procession in respect of which—

(i)written notice has been given in accordance with subsections (2) and (3) of section 62 of the Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982 (c. 45);

(ii)by virtue of subsection (6) or (7) of that section such notice is not required to be given.

22Powers under section 21: supplementary

(1)A direction under section 21—

(a)may be given orally;

(b)may be given to any person individually or to two or more persons together; and

(c)may be withdrawn or varied by the constable who gave it.

(2)A person who, without reasonable excuse, knowingly contravenes a direction given to the person under section 21 shall be guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to—

(a)a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale; or

(b)imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months,

or to both.

(3)Where a constable reasonably suspects that a person has committed or is committing an offence under subsection (2), the constable may arrest the person without warrant.

(4)Subsection (3) is without prejudice to any power of arrest conferred by law apart from that subsection.

Guidance and research

23Guidance in relation to dispersal of groups

(1)A person exercising a power by virtue of this Part shall, in the exercise of the power, have regard to any guidance given by the Scottish Ministers about—

(a)the exercise of the power; and

(b)any other matter relating to the power.

(2)The Scottish Ministers shall lay before the Scottish Parliament a copy of any guidance such as is mentioned in subsection (1).

24Operation of Part: arrangement of study

(1)The Scottish Ministers shall—

(a)arrange for the carrying out of a study into the operation of this Part; and

(b)lay a report on the results of the study before the Scottish Parliament within 3 years of the date on which the whole of the Part was first in force.

(2)The Scottish Ministers shall make such preparations for the carrying out of the study as are necessary to enable the study to commence as soon as the whole of the Part is in force; and such preparations may include, in particular, the instruction of a research team and the formation of a research advisory group to assist in the direction of the study.

Interpretation

25Interpretation of Part 3

(1)In this Part—

  • “public place” means any place to which the public have access at the material time (whether on payment of a fee or otherwise); and includes—

    (a)

    the doorways or entrances of premises abutting on any such place;

    (b)

    a road (as defined in section 151(1) of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 (c. 54));

    (c)

    any common passage, close, court, stair or yard pertinent to any tenement or group of separately owned houses; and

    (d)

    any place to which the public do not have access but to which persons have unlawfully gained access; and

  • “relevant locality” has the meaning given by section 19(1)(a).

(2)In this Part, any reference to the presence or behaviour of a group of persons includes a reference to the presence or behaviour of any one or more of the persons in the group.

Part 4Closure of premises

Closure notices

26Authorisation of closure notice

(1)Subject to subsections (2) and (3), a senior police officer may authorise the service of a notice (a “closure notice”) prohibiting access to premises by any person other than—

(a)a person who habitually resides in the premises; or

(b)the owner of the premises.

(2)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations specify premises or descriptions of premises in respect of which an authorisation under subsection (1) may not be given.

(3)A senior police officer may authorise the service of a closure notice only where the senior police officer—

(a)has reasonable grounds for believing that—

(i)at any time during the immediately preceding 3 months a person has engaged in antisocial behaviour on the premises; and

(ii)the use of the premises is associated with the occurrence of relevant harm; and

(b)is satisfied that—

(i)the local authority for the area in which the premises are situated has been consulted; and

(ii)reasonable steps have been taken to establish the identity of any person who lives on, has control of, has responsibility for or has an interest in the premises.

(4)An authorisation given under subsection (1) shall, if given orally, be confirmed by the senior police officer in writing as soon as is practicable.

27Service etc.

(1)This section applies where the service of a closure notice in respect of premises is authorised under section 26(1).

(2)The closure notice shall be served by a constable who shall do so by—

(a)fixing a copy of the notice to—

(i)at least one prominent place on the premises;

(ii)each normal means of access to the premises; and

(iii)any outbuildings that appear to the constable to be used with or as part of the premises; and

(b)giving a copy of the notice to—

(i)each person identified in pursuance of section 26(3)(b)(ii); and

(ii)every other person appearing to the constable to be a person of a description mentioned in that subsection.

(3)If after having made reasonable enquiries at the time of serving the closure notice under subsection (2) the constable believes that the access of any person who occupies—

(a)any other part of the building; or

(b)any other structure,

in which the premises are situated would be impeded by the making of an order under section 30, the constable shall give a copy of the notice to that person.

(4)Failure to comply with subsection (2)(b) or (3) shall not affect the validity of the closure notice.

(5)The closure notice shall—

(a)specify the premises to which it relates;

(b)state that access to the premises by any person other than—

(i)a person who habitually resides in the premises; or

(ii)the owner of the premises,

is prohibited;

(c)state that failure to comply with the notice amounts to an offence;

(d)state that an application is to be made under section 28 for the closure of the premises;

(e)specify such matters about that application as may be prescribed in rules of court;

(f)explain the effects of an order made under section 30; and

(g)give information about the names of, and means of contacting, persons who and organisations which provide advice about housing and legal matters in the locality of the premises.

Closure orders

28Application to sheriff

(1)Subsection (2) applies where paragraph (a) of section 27(2) is fulfilled in relation to a closure notice.

(2)A senior police officer shall apply to the sheriff for a closure order in respect of the premises specified in the notice.

(3)Subject to subsection (4), an application under subsection (2) shall be made no later than the first court day after the day on which paragraph (a) of section 27(2) is fulfilled in relation to the notice.

(4)The sheriff may, on cause shown, allow an application which is late to proceed.

(5)An application under subsection (2) shall—

(a)specify the premises in respect of which the closure order is sought;

(b)state the grounds on which the application is made; and

(c)be accompanied by such supporting evidence (whether in documentary form or otherwise) as will enable the sheriff to determine the application.

29Closure orders

(1)A closure order is an order that the premises specified in the order are closed to all persons for such period not exceeding 3 months as is specified in the order.

(2)A closure order may be made only in respect of all or any part of premises that are the subject of a closure notice.

(3)A closure order may include such provision as the sheriff (or, on appeal, the sheriff principal) making it considers appropriate about access to any part of the building or structure of which the premises specified in the order form part.

30Application: determination

(1)On an application under section 28, the sheriff may, if satisfied that the conditions mentioned in subsection (2) are met, make a closure order in respect of premises.

(2)Those conditions are—

(a)that a person has engaged in antisocial behaviour on the premises;

(b)that the use of the premises is associated with the occurrence of relevant harm; and

(c)that the making of the order is necessary to prevent the occurrence of such relevant harm for the period specified in the order.

(3)The sheriff shall, in determining whether to make a closure order in respect of premises, have regard to—

(a)the ability of any person who habitually resides in the premises to find alternative accommodation; and

(b)any vulnerability of any person such as is mentioned in paragraph (a) who has not been engaged in antisocial behaviour which has occurred in the premises.

(4)Subject to subsection (5), the sheriff shall determine an application under section 28 no later than the second court day after the day on which the application is made.

(5)The sheriff may postpone determination of the application for a period of not more than 14 days to enable a person mentioned in subsection (6) to show why a closure order should not be made.

(6)Those persons are—

(a)the occupier of the premises specified in the closure notice upon which the application proceeds;

(b)any person who has control of or responsibility for those premises;

(c)any other person with an interest in those premises.

(7)Where, under subsection (5), the sheriff postpones determination of an application, the sheriff may order that the closure notice upon which the application proceeds shall continue in effect until the determination of the application.

31Enforcement

(1)Subject to subsection (3), a constable or an authorised person may—

(a)do anything necessary to secure closed premises against entry by any person;

(b)carry out essential maintenance or repairs to closed premises; and

(c)enter the premises for the purposes of paragraph (a) or (b).

(2)A constable or an authorised person acting under subsection (1) may use reasonable force.

(3)An authorised person seeking to enter closed premises under paragraph (c) of subsection (1) for the purpose of paragraph (a) of that subsection shall, if requested to do so by or on behalf of the owner, occupier or other person in charge of the premises, produce evidence of identity and authorisation.

(4)In this section, “authorised person” means a person authorised in writing by the chief constable for the area in which the premises are situated.

32Extension

(1)The sheriff may, on the application of a senior police officer and if satisfied that it is necessary to do so to prevent the occurrence of relevant harm, make an order extending the period for which a closure order has effect for a period not exceeding the maximum period.

(2)In subsection (1), the “maximum period” is the period of 6 months less—

(a)the period specified in the order when it was made; and

(b)if the order has previously been extended, the total period for which it was previously extended.

(3)A senior police officer may make an application under this section only if—

(a)it is made while the closure order has effect; and

(b)the senior police officer—

(i)has reasonable grounds for believing that it is necessary to extend the period for which the closure order has effect for the purpose of preventing the occurrence of relevant harm; and

(ii)is satisfied that the appropriate local authority has been consulted about the intention to make the application.

33Revocation

(1)On the application of a person mentioned in subsection (2), the sheriff may if satisfied that a closure order is no longer necessary to prevent the occurrence of relevant harm, revoke the order.

(2)Those persons are—

(a)a senior police officer;

(b)the appropriate local authority;

(c)a person on whom the closure notice relating to the premises in respect of which the closure order has effect was served under section 27(2)(b) or (3); and

(d)a person who has an interest in those premises but on whom the closure notice was not served.

(3)Where an application under this section is made other than by a senior police officer the sheriff shall order service upon such senior police officer as the sheriff considers appropriate.

34Access to other premises

(1)The sheriff may, on the application of a person who occupies or owns any part of a building or structure—

(a)in which closed premises are situated; and

(b)in respect of which the closure order does not have effect,

make an order making such provision as the sheriff considers appropriate in relation to access to any part of the building or structure in which the premises in respect of which the closure order has effect are situated.

(2)An application under subsection (1) may be made only while the closure order has effect.

(3)An order under subsection (1) may be made notwithstanding any provision made as mentioned in section 29(3).

35Reimbursement of expenditure

(1)The sheriff may, on the application of a police authority or a local authority, make such order as the sheriff considers appropriate for the reimbursement by a relevant person of relevant expenditure.

(2)An application under this section may not be made after the expiry of the period of 3 months beginning with the day on which the closure order ceases to have effect.

(3)An application under this section shall be served—

(a)where the application is made—

(i)by a local authority, on the police authority for the area in which the premises are situated;

(ii)by a police authority, on the local authority for the area in which the premises are situated; and

(b)on the relevant person.

(4)In this section—

  • “relevant person” means the owner of the premises in respect of which the order has (or had) effect; and

  • “relevant expenditure” means expenditure incurred by the applicant for the purpose of clearing, securing or maintaining the premises in respect of which the closure order has (or had) effect.

36Appeals

(1)A person who was a party to the proceedings in which the order or decision (as the case may be) was given may appeal against—

(a)a closure order;

(b)an order extending a closure order;

(c)a decision to refuse to make—

(i)a closure order; or

(ii)an order extending a closure order;

(d)a decision to revoke a closure order;

(e)a decision to refuse to revoke a closure order;

(f)an order under section 34(1);

(g)a decision to refuse to make an order under section 34(1);

(h)an order under section 35(1); or

(i)a decision to refuse to make an order under section 35(1).

(2)An appeal under this section shall be made to the sheriff principal and shall be made within the period of 21 days beginning with the day on which the order or decision appealed against was made.

(3)On an appeal under this section, the sheriff principal may make any order the sheriff principal considers appropriate.

(4)The decision of the sheriff principal on an appeal under this section shall be final.

(5)In subsection (1), “order extending a closure order” means an order made under section 32(1).

General

37Offences

(1)If without reasonable excuse a person remains on or enters premises—

(a)in contravention of a closure notice; or

(b)in respect of which a closure order has effect,

the person shall be guilty of an offence.

(2)If a person obstructs an authorised person acting in pursuance of section 31(1) the person shall be guilty of an offence.

(3)In subsection (2), “authorised person” has the meaning given by section 31(4).

(4)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) or (2) (a “relevant offence”) shall be liable on summary conviction—

(a)where the person has not, within the relevant period, been convicted of a previous offence under the same subsection—

(i)to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale; or

(ii)to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months,

or to both;

(b)where the person has, within the relevant period, been convicted of a previous offence under the same subsection—

(i)to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum; or

(ii)to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 9 months,

or to both.

(5)In subsection (4), “relevant period” means the period of 2 years ending with the day on which the relevant offence was committed.

38Offences under section 37: arrest without warrant

(1)Where a constable reasonably believes that a person is committing or has committed an offence under section 37(1) or (2), the constable may arrest the person without warrant.

(2)Subsection (1) is without prejudice to any power of arrest conferred by law apart from that subsection.

39Guidance in relation to closure of premises

A person (other than a court) shall, in discharging functions by virtue of this Part, have regard to any guidance given by the Scottish Ministers about—

(a)the discharge of those functions; or

(b)matters arising in connection with the discharge of those functions.

Interpretation

40Interpretation of Part 4

In this Part—

  • “appropriate local authority” means the local authority for the area in which the premises in respect of which the closure order has effect are situated;

  • “closure notice” has the meaning given by section 26(1);

  • “closure order” has the meaning given by section 29(1);

  • “closed premises” means premises in respect of which a closure order has effect;

  • “court day” means a day which is not—

    (a)

    a Saturday or Sunday; or

    (b)

    a day which, by virtue of an order made under section 17(1)(b) of the Sheriff Courts (Scotland) Act 1971 (c. 58) (as extended by section 8(2) of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 46)), is a court holiday in respect of criminal business in the sheriff court in question;

  • “premises” includes—

    (a)

    any land or other place (whether enclosed or not); and

    (b)

    any outbuildings which are or are used as part of the premises; and

  • “relevant harm” means—

    (a)

    significant and persistent disorder; or

    (b)

    significant, persistent and serious nuisance to members of the public.

Part 5Noise nuisance

Summary procedure for dealing with noise from certain places

41Application of noise control provisions to local authority areas

(1)Sections 43 to 47 (the “noise control provisions”) apply to the area of a local authority only if the authority has so resolved.

(2)A resolution for the purpose of subsection (1) shall specify—

(a)a date (being a date at least 2 months after the passing of the resolution) on and after which the noise control provisions are to have effect in the area of the authority (the “commencement date”); and

(b)periods of the week during which noise is to be controlled by virtue of those provisions (each such period being a “noise control period”).

(3)For the purpose of subsection (2)(b), a resolution may specify—

(a)the whole week as a noise control period; and

(b)different noise control periods for different—

(i)areas;

(ii)times of year; or

(iii)other circumstances.

(4)For the purpose of subsection (2)(b), a week begins on Monday.

(5)If a local authority resolves to apply the noise control provisions to its area, it shall—

(a)cause a notice to be published (in consecutive weeks with the second notice appearing at least a month before the commencement date) in a local newspaper circulating in its area; and

(b)at least a month before the commencement date—

(i)give a copy of the resolution to the Scottish Ministers; and

(ii)give a copy of the notice mentioned in paragraph (a) to each local authority whose area adjoins its area.

(6)A notice published under subsection (5)(a) shall—

(a)state that the resolution has been passed;

(b)state the commencement date; and

(c)set out—

(i)the general effect of the noise control provisions and sections 48, 49 and 51; and

(ii)the noise control periods specified in the resolution.

(7)Where a local authority is given a notice under subsection (5)(b)(ii), it shall take such steps as it considers necessary for the purpose of making persons in its area aware of the contents of the notice.

42Revocation or variation of resolution under section 41

(1)A local authority may by resolution—

(a)revoke the resolution made for the purpose of section 41(1);

(b)revoke any noise control period specified in that resolution; or

(c)specify noise control periods—

(i)in addition to; or

(ii)in substitution for,

any such noise control period.

(2)A resolution under subsection (1) shall specify a date (being a date at least 2 months after the passing of the resolution) on which the provision made by the resolution shall come into effect (the “effective date”).

(3)If a local authority passes a resolution under subsection (1), it shall—

(a)cause a notice to be published (in consecutive weeks with the second notice appearing at least a month before the effective date) in a local newspaper circulating in its area; and

(b)at least a month before the effective date—

(i)give a copy of the resolution to the Scottish Ministers; and

(ii)give a copy of the notice mentioned in paragraph (a) to each local authority whose area adjoins its area.

(4)A notice published under subsection (3)(a) shall—

(a)state that the resolution has been passed;

(b)state the effective date; and

(c)set out the provision made by the resolution.

(5)Where a local authority is given a copy of a notice under subsection (3)(b)(ii), it shall take such steps as it considers necessary for the purpose of making persons in its area aware of the contents of the notice.

Noise control provisions

43Investigation of excessive noise from certain places

(1)Where a local authority receives a complaint from an individual that excessive noise is being emitted from relevant property during a noise control period, it shall ensure that an officer of the authority investigates the latter matter.

(2)A complaint under subsection (1) may be made by any means.

(3)If in consequence of an investigation under subsection (1) an officer of a local authority is satisfied that—

(a)noise is being emitted from relevant property (the “offending property”) during a noise control period; and

(b)the noise, if it were measured from a relevant place—

(i)would; or

(ii)might,

exceed the permitted level,

the officer may serve a notice about the noise under section 44.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (3), it is for the officer of the authority dealing with the particular case—

(a)to decide whether any noise, if it were measured from a relevant place—

(i)would; or

(ii)might,

exceed the permitted level; and

(b)for the purposes of that decision to decide—

(i)from what place to assess the noise; and

(ii)whether to use any device for measuring the noise.

(5)Where—

(a)a local authority (the “first local authority”) receives a complaint under subsection (1); and

(b)the offending property is within the area of another local authority,

the first local authority may act under the noise control provisions as if the offending property were within its area, and accordingly may so act whether or not the noise control provisions apply to the area of the other local authority.

44Warning notices

(1)A notice under this section (a “warning notice”) shall—

(a)state that an officer of the authority considers—

(i)that noise is being emitted from the offending property during a noise control period; and

(ii)that the noise exceeds, or may exceed, the permitted level, as measured from a relevant place; and

(b)state that any person who is responsible for noise which—

(i)is emitted from the offending property in the period specified in the notice; and

(ii)exceeds the permitted level as measured from a relevant place,

may be guilty of an offence.

(2)The period specified in a warning notice shall be a period—

(a)beginning not earlier than 10 minutes after the time when the notice is served; and

(b)ending at the relevant time.

(3)In subsection (2)(b), “relevant time” means the earlier of—

(a)the end of the noise control period during which the warning notice is served; and

(b)the point (if any) at which the permitted level at the time the notice is served ceases to be applicable.

(4)Subject to subsection (5), a warning notice shall be served by delivering it to any person present at or near the offending property and appearing to the officer of the authority to be responsible for the noise.

(5)If it is not reasonably practicable to identify any person present at or near the offending property as being a person responsible for the noise on whom the notice may reasonably be served, a warning notice shall be served by leaving it at the offending property.

(6)A warning notice shall state the time at which it is served.

(7)For the purpose of the noise control provisions, a person is responsible for noise emitted from relevant property if the emission of the noise is wholly or partly attributable to the person’s act, failure or sufferance.

45Offence where noise exceeds permitted level after service of notice

(1)If a warning notice has been served in respect of noise emitted from relevant property, any person who is responsible for noise which—

(a)is emitted from the relevant property in the period specified in the notice; and

(b)exceeds the permitted level as measured from a relevant place,

shall be guilty of an offence.

(2)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(3)It shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (1) to show that there was a reasonable excuse for the act, failure or sufferance by reference to which the person was charged.

(4)A person shall be taken to have shown the matter mentioned in subsection (3) if—

(a)sufficient evidence is adduced to raise an issue with respect to it; and

(b)the prosecution does not prove the contrary beyond reasonable doubt.

(5)In proceedings for an offence under this section, a measurement of noise by a device is not admissible as evidence of a level of noise unless the device is an approved device and any conditions subject to which the approval was given are satisfied.

46Fixed penalty notices

(1)Subject to subsection (3), where a relevant officer has reason to believe that a person—

(a)is committing; or

(b)has just committed,

an offence under section 45, the officer may give that person a notice (a “fixed penalty notice”) offering the person the opportunity of discharging any liability to conviction for that offence by payment of a fixed penalty.

(2)In subsection (1), “relevant officer” means—

(a)an officer of the local authority authorised for the purposes of this section; or

(b)a constable.

(3)If a fixed penalty notice is given to a person in respect of noise emitted from relevant property in the period specified in a warning notice, no further fixed penalty notice may be given to that person in respect of noise emitted from the relevant property during that period.

(4)Subject to subsection (5), a fixed penalty notice may be given to a person by delivering the notice to the person.

(5)If it is not reasonably practicable to deliver it to the person, a fixed penalty notice shall be given by leaving the notice, addressed to the person, at the offending property.

(6)A fixed penalty notice shall give such particulars of the circumstances alleged to constitute the offence as are necessary for giving reasonable information of the offence.

(7)A fixed penalty notice shall state—

(a)the period during which, by virtue of paragraph (a) of section 51(2), proceedings will not be taken for the offence;

(b)the amount of the fixed penalty; and

(c)the person to whom, and the address at which, the fixed penalty may be paid.

(8)Payment of the fixed penalty may (among other methods) be made by pre-paying and posting to that person at that address a letter containing the amount of the penalty (in cash or otherwise).

(9)Where a letter containing the amount of the penalty is sent in accordance with subsection (8), payment is to be regarded as having been made at the time at which that letter would be delivered in the ordinary course of post.

(10)The fixed penalty payable under this section is £100.

(11)A fixed penalty payable under this section shall be payable to the local authority whose officer issued the warning notice under reference to which the offence was committed.

47Powers of entry and seizure of equipment used to make noise unlawfully

(1)Subsection (2) applies where—

(a)a warning notice has been served in respect of noise emitted from relevant property; and

(b)an officer of the local authority in whose area the relevant property is situated has reason to believe that, at any time in the period specified in the notice, noise emitted from the relevant property has exceeded the permitted level as measured from a relevant place.

(2)An officer of the local authority, or a person authorised by the authority for the purpose, may seize and remove any equipment which appears—

(a)to be being; or

(b)to have been,

used in the emission of the noise.

(3)If required to do so, a person exercising the power conferred by subsection (2) shall produce the person’s authority.

(4)If a sheriff or justice of the peace is satisfied by evidence on oath—

(a)that a warning notice has been served in respect of noise emitted from relevant property;

(b)that, at any time in the period specified in the notice, noise emitted from the relevant property has exceeded the permitted level, as measured from a relevant place; and

(c)that—

(i)entry of an officer of the local authority, or of a person authorised by the authority for the purpose, to the relevant property has been refused;

(ii)such a refusal is apprehended; or

(iii)a request by an officer of the authority, or of such a person, for admission would defeat the object of the entry,

the sheriff or justice may grant a warrant under this subsection.

(5)A warrant under subsection (4) is a warrant authorising the local authority, by any of its officers or any person authorised by it for the purpose—

(a)to enter the relevant property for the purpose of seizing and removing any equipment which appears to be being used or to have been used in the emission of the noise; and

(b)for the purpose of exercising the power mentioned in paragraph (a), to open lockfast places on the relevant property.

(6)A person who enters premises by virtue of a warrant granted under subsection (4)—

(a)may be accompanied by such persons, and take such equipment, as may be necessary; and

(b)shall, where the relevant property is unoccupied on the person’s leaving, leave it as effectively secured against trespassers as it was when the person entered it.

(7)A person who wilfully obstructs a person—

(a)exercising the power conferred by subsection (2); or

(b)exercising the power conferred by a warrant granted under subsection (4),

shall be guilty of an offence.

(8)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (7) shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(9)Schedule 1 (which makes further provision in relation to anything seized and removed by virtue of this section) shall have effect.

The permitted level

48Permitted level of noise

(1)For the purposes of the noise control provisions, the Scottish Ministers may by regulations prescribe the maximum level of noise (the “permitted level”) which may be emitted from relevant property.

(2)The permitted level shall be a level for noise as measured from any relevant place by an approved device used in accordance with any conditions subject to which the approval was given.

(3)Different permitted levels may be prescribed for different—

(a)periods of the week;

(b)areas or descriptions of areas;

(c)times of year; or

(d)other circumstances,

and the permitted level may be prescribed partly by reference to other levels of noise.

Miscellaneous

49Approval of measuring devices

(1)For the purposes of the noise control provisions, the Scottish Ministers may by regulations approve any type of device used for the measurement of noise.

(2)An approval under subsection (1) may be given subject to such conditions as to—

(a)the purposes for which; or

(b)the manner and circumstances in which,

devices of the type approved are to be used as may be prescribed in the regulations.

50Power to provide funds to local authorities

(1)The Scottish Ministers may make to a local authority payments in respect of—

(a)the whole; or

(b)any part,

of the expenditure of the authority in relation to the discharge of the functions under this Part of the authority and its officers.

(2)Payments under this section shall be made at such times, in such manner and subject to such conditions as the Scottish Ministers may determine.

51Fixed penalty notices: supplementary

(1)If a form for a fixed penalty notice is specified in an order made by the Scottish Ministers, a fixed penalty notice shall be given in that form.

(2)Where a person is given a fixed penalty notice—

(a)proceedings for the offence in respect of which the notice was given shall not be instituted before the end of the period of 28 days beginning with the date of the notice;

(b)the person cannot be convicted of that offence if the person pays the fixed penalty before the end of that period; and

(c)the person may be convicted of a further offence under section 45 in respect of noise emitted from the relevant property—

(i)after the notice is given; and

(ii)before the end of the period specified in the warning notice.

(3)In proceedings for an offence under section 45, evidence that payment of a fixed penalty was or was not made before the end of any period may be given by the production of a certificate which—

(a)purports to be signed by or on behalf of the person having responsibility for the financial affairs of the local authority; and

(b)states that payment of a fixed penalty was made on any date or, as the case may be, was not received before the end of that period.

(4)Subject to subsection (5), the Scottish Ministers may by order amend section 46(10) by substituting an amount specified in the order for the amount that is for the time being mentioned in that section.

(5)The Scottish Ministers may not specify an amount exceeding level 2 on the standard scale.

(6)Any sum received by a local authority under section 46 shall be treated as if the fixed penalty payable under that section were a fine imposed by a district court.

52Guidance in relation to this Part

A person (other than a court) shall, in discharging functions by virtue of this Part, have regard to any guidance given by the Scottish Ministers about—

(a)the discharge of those functions; and

(b)matters arising in connection with the discharge of those functions.

Interpretation

53Meaning of “relevant place” and “relevant property”

(1)In this Part—

  • “relevant place” means—

    (a)

    any place within accommodation (except, in the case of measurement of noise emitted from relevant property which is accommodation, that accommodation); and

    (b)

    such other place as may be prescribed;

  • “relevant property” means—

    (a)

    any accommodation;

    (b)

    any land belonging exclusively to, or enjoyed exclusively with, any accommodation;

    (c)

    any land not falling within paragraph (b)—

    (i)

    to which at least two persons have rights in common; and

    (ii)

    which is used by those persons as a private garden;

    (d)

    any common passage, close, court, stair, lift or yard pertinent to any tenement or group of separately owned houses; or

    (e)

    such other place as may be prescribed.

(2)In subsection (1)—

  • “accommodation” means a building or other structure (or part of a building or other structure) used or intended to be used as a separate unit of accommodation (whether on a permanent basis or otherwise); and

  • “prescribed” means prescribed by the Scottish Ministers by order.

54Interpretation of Part 5

(1)In this Part—

  • “fixed penalty notice” has the meaning given by section 46(1);

  • “noise control period” has the meaning given by section 41(2)(b);

  • “noise control provisions” has the meaning given by section 41(1);

  • “offending property” has the meaning given by section 43(3)(a);

  • “permitted level” has the meaning given by section 48(1); and

  • “warning notice” has the meaning given by section 44(1).

(2)References in this Part to approved devices are references to devices of a type approved by virtue of section 49(1).

Part 6The environment

Controlled waste and litter

55Contraventions of section 33(1)(a) and (c) of 1990 Act: fixed penalty notices

After section 33 of the Environmental Protection Act 1990 (c. 43) (“the 1990 Act”) there shall be inserted—

33AFixed penalty notices for contraventions of section 33(1)(a) and (c): Scotland

(1)Where—

(a)an authorised officer of a local authority has reason to believe that a person has committed a relevant offence in the area of that authority; or

(b)a constable, or an authorised officer of a waste regulation authority, has reason to believe that a person has committed a relevant offence,

he may give that person a notice under this section in respect of the offence.

(2)In subsection (1) above, “relevant offence” means an offence under section 33 above in respect of a contravention of subsection (1)(a) or (c) of that section.

(3)A notice under this section is a notice offering the opportunity, by paying a fixed penalty, of discharging any liability to conviction for the offence to which it relates.

(4)Where—

(a)a constable; or

(b)an authorised officer of a waste regulation authority,

gives a notice under this section to a person, he shall, no later than 24 hours after the giving of the notice, send a copy of it to the local authority in whose area the offence was committed.

(5)Where a person is given a notice under this section in respect of an offence—

(a)no proceedings shall be instituted for that offence before the expiration of fourteen days following the date of the notice; and

(b)he shall not be convicted of that offence if he pays the fixed penalty before the expiration of that period.

(6)A notice under this section shall give such particulars of the circumstances alleged to constitute the offence as are necessary for giving reasonable information about the offence and shall state—

(a)the period during which, by virtue of subsection (5)(a) above, proceedings will not be taken for the offence;

(b)the amount of the fixed penalty; and

(c)the person to whom and the address at which the fixed penalty may be paid;

and without prejudice to payment by any other method, payment of the fixed penalty may be made by pre-paying and posting to that person at that address a letter containing the amount of the penalty (in cash or otherwise).

(7)Where a letter is sent in accordance with subsection (6) above payment shall be regarded as having been made at the time at which that letter would be delivered in the ordinary course of post.

(8)The form of notices under this section shall be such as the Scottish Ministers may by order prescribe.

(9)The fixed penalty payable in pursuance of a notice under this section shall, subject to subsection (10) below, be £50.

(10)The Scottish Ministers may by order substitute a different amount (not exceeding level 2 on the standard scale) for the amount for the time being specified as the amount of the fixed penalty in subsection (9) above.

(11)In any proceedings a certificate which—

(a)purports to be signed by or on behalf of the proper officer for the local authority in whose area the offence was committed; and

(b)states that the payment of a fixed penalty was or was not received by a date specified in the certificate,

shall be evidence of the facts stated.

(12)A fixed penalty payable in pursuance of a notice under this section shall be payable to the local authority in whose area the offence was committed; and as respects the sums received by a local authority, those sums shall be treated as if the penalty were a fine imposed by a district court.

(13)In this section—

  • “authorised officer” means an officer of the authority in question who is authorised in writing by the authority for the purpose of issuing notices under this section;

  • “local authority” means a council constituted under section 2 of the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994 (c. 39); and “area”, in relation to a local authority, means the local government area (within the meaning of that Act) for which the council is constituted;

  • “proper officer” means the officer who has, as respects the authority, the responsibility mentioned in section 95 of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 (c. 65) (financial administration)..

56Litter: power of constables to issue fixed penalty notices

(1)Section 88 of the 1990 Act (fixed penalty notices for litter) shall be amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1)—

(a)the words “on any occasion” and “finds a person who he” shall be repealed;

(b)for “has on that occasion” there shall be substituted “that a person has”;

(c)the words from “an”, where it first occurs, to “authority”, where it secondly occurs, shall become paragraph (a) of that subsection; and

(d)after “authority”, where it secondly occurs, there shall be inserted ; or

(b)a constable has reason to believe that a person has committed an offence under that section,.

(3)After subsection (1) there shall be inserted—

(1A)Where a constable gives a notice under this section to a person, he shall, no later than 24 hours after the giving of the notice, send a copy of it to the litter authority in whose area the offence was committed..

(4)After subsection (5) there shall be inserted—

(5A)A fixed penalty payable in pursuance of a notice under this section shall be payable to the litter authority in whose area the offence was committed..

(5)In subsection (6)—

(a)the words “to a litter authority” are repealed; and

(b)for “the”, where it thirdly occurs, there shall be substituted “a litter”.

(6)In subsection (7), after “amount”, where it first occurs, there shall be inserted “(not exceeding level 2 on the standard scale)”.

(7)In subsection (8)(a)(ii), after “officer” there shall be inserted “for the litter authority in whose area the offence was committed”.

57Directions in respect of duty under section 89 of 1990 Act

(1)Sections 89, 91 and 92 of the 1990 Act shall be amended as follows.

(2)In section 89 (duties to keep land etc. free of litter), after subsection (6) there shall be inserted—

(6A)The Scottish Ministers may give to any person subject to a duty imposed by subsection (1) or (2) above such directions as they consider necessary or expedient for securing compliance by such person with such duty.

(6B)A person to whom a direction is given under subsection (6A) shall comply with the direction.

(6C)A direction under subsection (6A) may—

(a)be given generally or to a specific person;

(b)make different provision for different persons and different cases or circumstances;

(c)include provision specifying, in relation to any factor by reference to which a person’s discharging of any such duty can be measured, standards to be met by the person.

(6D)The Scottish Ministers shall—

(a)cause—

(i)any direction under subsection (6A) above; and

(ii)any variation or revocation of such a direction,

to be published; and

(b)cause copies of each such direction, variation or revocation to be made available to the public..

(3)In section 91 (litter abatement orders: applications by aggrieved persons), in subsection (11)—

(a)after “A”, where it first occurs, there shall be inserted—

(a)direction under section 89(6A); or;

(b)the words “code of practice under section 89(7)” shall become paragraph (b); and

(c)after “a”, where it secondly occurs, there shall be inserted “direction or”.

(4)In section 92 (litter abatement notices: litter authorities), in subsection (8)—

(a)after “A”, where it first occurs, there shall be inserted—

(a)direction under section 89(6A); or;

(b)the words “code of practice under section 89(7)” shall become paragraph (b); and

(c)after “a”, where it secondly occurs, there shall be inserted “direction or”.

Graffiti

58Power of local authority to serve notice about graffiti

(1)Where it appears to a local authority that—

(a)a relevant surface in its area has been defaced by graffiti; and

(b)the defacement is—

(i)detrimental to the amenity of the locality; or

(ii)offensive,

the authority may serve a graffiti removal notice on any responsible person.

(2)A graffiti removal notice is a notice requiring the person on whom it is served to remove, clear or otherwise remedy the defacement described in the notice before the expiry of such period as may be specified in the notice (being a period of not less than 28 days beginning with the day on which the notice is served).

(3)A relevant surface is—

(a)any surface of—

(i)a public road; or

(ii)any building, structure, apparatus, plant or other object on such a road; or

(b)where subsection (4) or (5) applies, any surface of—

(i)land owned, occupied or controlled by a relevant body; or

(ii)any building, structure, apparatus, plant or other object on such land.

(4)This subsection applies where the land is public land.

(5)This subsection applies where—

(a)the surface is visible from public land; or

(b)the surface is not visible from public land but is visible to members of the public from land owned, occupied or controlled by—

(i)the relevant body which owns, occupies or controls the land; or

(ii)any other relevant body,

which they are on for the purpose of using that body’s services or facilities.

(6)For the purposes of this section, a road or land is public if the public are entitled or permitted to have access to it (with or without payment).

(7)A local authority may at any time withdraw a graffiti removal notice issued by it.

(8)The withdrawal, under subsection (7), of a graffiti removal notice (the “withdrawn notice”) shall not affect the power of the local authority to issue a further graffiti removal notice in respect of the defacement described in the withdrawn notice.

(9)In this section—

  • “educational institution” has the meaning given by section 98(3) of the 1990 Act and includes the governing body of such an institution;

  • “graffiti” includes painting, writing, soiling, marking or otherwise defacing by whatever means;

  • “relevant body” means—

    (a)

    an educational institution; or

    (b)

    a statutory undertaker;

  • “responsible person” means, in relation to a surface, a person who owns, leases, occupies, controls, operates or maintains the thing of which it is a surface;

  • “road” has the meaning given by section 151(1) of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 (c. 54);

  • “statutory undertaker” has the meaning given by section 98(6) of the 1990 Act; and

  • “surface” includes a surface—

    (a)

    on the inside of a thing; or

    (b)

    not exposed to the weather.

59Power to modify meaning of “relevant surface”

(1)The Scottish Ministers may by order modify—

(a)paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection (3); or

(b)subsection (4), (5) or (6),

of section 58.

(2)An order under subsection (1) may make such modifications of subsection (9) of that section as the Scottish Ministers consider appropriate in consequence of any modification made by virtue of subsection (1).

60Graffiti removal notice: content and service

(1)A graffiti removal notice shall explain the effects of sections 61, 63 and 64.

(2)Subject to subsection (3), subsections (2) to (5) of section 160 of the 1990 Act shall apply in relation to the service of a graffiti removal notice as they apply to any notice required or authorised to be served under that Act.

(3)Where, after reasonable enquiry, a local authority is unable to ascertain the name or proper address of any person upon whom a graffiti removal notice may be served, it may—

(a)affix the notice to the surface to which it relates; and

(b)in so far as is reasonably necessary for that purpose, enter any land.

(4)In subsection (3), “proper address” shall be read in accordance with section 160(4) and (5) of the 1990 Act.

(5)Where a graffiti removal notice is affixed in accordance with subsection (3), it shall be treated as having been served on a person on whom it may be served.

61Non-compliance with graffiti removal notice

(1)Subsection (2) applies where a person on whom a graffiti removal notice is served (the “responsible person”) does not comply with it.

(2)The local authority that served the notice or a person authorised by it may—

(a)remove, clear or otherwise remedy the defacement; and

(b)in so far as is reasonably necessary for that purpose, enter any land.

(3)Where subsection (4) applies, a local authority may recover from the responsible person expenditure reasonably incurred by virtue of subsection (2).

(4)This subsection applies where the local authority has served on the responsible person a notice setting out—

(a)the amount of; and

(b)details of,

the expenditure which it proposes to recover.

(5)Subsections (2) to (5) of section 160 of the 1990 Act shall apply in relation to the service of a notice mentioned in subsection (4) as they apply to notices required or authorised to be served under that Act.

62Guidance to local authorities about graffiti removal functions

A local authority shall, in discharging its functions under sections 58, 60 and 61, have regard to any guidance about those sections given by the Scottish Ministers.

63Appeal against graffiti removal notice

(1)On the application of a person on whom a graffiti removal notice is served, the sheriff may—

(a)if satisfied that—

(i)the surface to which the notice relates was not, at the time the notice was served, defaced as described in it;

(ii)the defacement described in the notice is neither detrimental to the amenity of the locality nor offensive; or

(iii)the applicant was not, at the time the notice was served, a responsible person as respects the surface to which the notice relates,

make an order revoking the notice; or

(b)if satisfied that there is a material defect in, or in connection with, the notice, make an order revoking or (if appropriate) amending the notice.

(2)In subsection (1)(a)(iii), “responsible person” has the same meaning as in section 58.

(3)Where a sheriff—

(a)makes an order under paragraph (b) of subsection (1) amending a graffiti removal notice; or

(b)makes an order refusing an application such as is mentioned in that subsection,

the sheriff may extend (for such period as may be specified in the order) the period specified in the notice.

(4)An application such as is mentioned in subsection (1) shall be made before the expiry of the period of 21 days beginning with the day on which the graffiti removal notice to which it relates was served.

(5)Where an application such as is mentioned in subsection (1) is made, the graffiti removal notice to which it relates shall be of no effect pending the—

(a)determination; or

(b)withdrawal,

of the application.

64Appeal against notice under section 61(4)

(1)On the application of a person on whom a notice under section 61(4) is served, the sheriff may, if satisfied that the expenditure which the authority is proposing to recover is excessive, make an order substituting for that amount a lower one.

(2)An application such as is mentioned in subsection (1) shall be made within the period of 21 days beginning with the day on which the notice to which it relates was served.

65Graffiti removal notice: exemptions from liability

(1)Subject to subsection (3), a relevant person shall have no liability whatsoever (whether at common law or otherwise) to any responsible person in respect of anything done or omitted to be done in the exercise or purported exercise of the power conferred by section 60(3) or 61(2).

(2)In subsection (1), “relevant person” means—

(a)in the case of the power conferred by section 60(3)—

(i)the local authority; and

(ii)any employee of the authority;

(b)in the case of the power conferred by section 61(2)—

(i)the local authority;

(ii)any employee of the authority;

(iii)any person authorised by the authority under that section; and

(iv)any employer or employee of a person so authorised.

(3)Subsection (1) does not apply—

(a)if the act or omission is shown to have been in bad faith; or

(b)in respect of a liability arising out of a failure to exercise due care and attention.

(4)In this section, “responsible person” has the same meaning as in section 58.

(5)This section is without prejudice to any other exemption from liability (whether at common law or otherwise).

Penalties for environmental offences

66Increase in penalties for certain environmental offences

Schedule 2 (which contains amendments relating to penalties for certain environmental offences) shall have effect.

Interpretation

67Interpretation of Part 6

In this Part, “the 1990 Act” means the Environmental Protection Act 1990 (c. 43).

Part 7Housing: antisocial behaviour notices

Antisocial behaviour notices

68Antisocial behaviour notices

(1)Where it appears to a local authority that either person mentioned in subsection (2) is engaging in antisocial behaviour at, or in the locality of, a relevant house situated within the authority’s area, the authority may serve an antisocial behaviour notice on the landlord of the relevant house.

(2)Those persons are—

(a)any person who, by virtue of a tenancy or an occupancy arrangement, occupies the relevant house mentioned in subsection (1); and

(b)any visitor for the time being in that house.

(3)An antisocial behaviour notice is a notice—

(a)describing the antisocial behaviour that has been engaged in at, or in the locality of, the relevant house to which the notice relates by either of the persons mentioned in subsection (2);

(b)requiring the landlord of the relevant house to take, before the expiry of such period as may be specified in the notice, such action for the purpose of dealing with the antisocial behaviour as may be so specified;

(c)stating the consequences of failure to take, within that period, the action so specified; and

(d)informing the landlord of the right to request a review under section 69(1).

(4)If the local authority is aware of the name and address of a person who acts for the landlord as respects the tenancy or occupancy arrangement relating to the relevant house, the authority shall, in addition to serving a notice on the landlord under subsection (1), give a copy of the notice to the person.

(5)If—

(a)the local authority is unable to identify the landlord, it may serve the notice under subsection (1) by publishing it in two or more newspapers (of which one shall, if practicable, be a local newspaper) circulating in the locality of the relevant house;

(b)the local authority is aware of the landlord’s identity but is unable to ascertain the landlord’s current address, it may serve the notice under that subsection by serving it on the landlord—

(i)at the relevant house; and

(ii)if it is aware of a previous address of the landlord, at that address.

(6)For the purpose of applying this Part in relation to relevant houses which are used for holiday purposes, the Scottish Ministers may by order make such modifications of the Part as they consider necessary or expedient.

69Review of antisocial behaviour notices

(1)If a landlord on whom an antisocial behaviour notice is served under section 68(1) requests the local authority that served the notice to review the notice, the local authority shall review the notice.

(2)A request under subsection (1) shall be made before the expiry of the period of 21 days beginning with the day on which the notice is served or such longer period as the authority may allow.

(3)There is no duty to carry out a review of a decision reached on review.

70Internal procedure on review

(1)A review of an antisocial behaviour notice under section 69(1) shall be carried out by a person (a “reviewer”) who had no involvement in the decision to issue the notice and who is senior to the person who was responsible for the processes culminating in that decision.

(2)The reviewer may—

(a)confirm the notice;

(b)vary any part of it;

(c)suspend the notice for such period as may be specified pending completion of the review; or

(d)revoke the notice.

(3)The local authority shall notify the person who requested the review of the decision reached on review and the reasons for reaching that decision.

Failure to comply with notice: sanctions

71Failure to comply with notice: order as to rental income

(1)If, on the application of the local authority that served an antisocial behaviour notice on a landlord under section 68(1), the sheriff is satisfied as to the matters mentioned in subsection (2), the sheriff may—

(a)make an order that, with effect from the making of the order—

(i)no rent be payable by any person who occupies the relevant house; and

(ii)no other consideration be payable or exigible for occupation of the relevant house; and

(b)make such incidental order as the sheriff considers necessary.

(2)Those matters are—

(a)that the landlord has not taken the action specified in the antisocial behaviour notice within the time so specified; and

(b)that, having regard to all the circumstances relating to the relevant house, it would be reasonable for the landlord to take that action.

(3)Where an order is made under subsection (1), the local authority shall give a copy of the order to the persons mentioned in subsection (4).

(4)Those persons are—

(a)if the local authority is aware of the name and address of a person who by virtue of a tenancy or an occupancy arrangement occupies the house to which the order relates, that person; and

(b)if the local authority is aware of the name and address of a person who acts for the landlord as respects the tenancy or occupancy arrangement relating to the relevant house, that person.

(5)Except as provided in an order under subsection (1), nothing in this Part affects the validity of any lease or occupancy arrangement by virtue of which a person has the use of a relevant house during the period when the order is in force.

72Appeals against orders under section 71

(1)An appeal against the decision of a sheriff making or refusing to make an order under section 71(1) shall be made to the sheriff principal and shall be made within the period of 21 days beginning with the day on which the decision appealed against was made.

(2)Subsection (3) applies where a person appeals against the decision of a sheriff making an order under section 71(1)(a).

(3)The person shall (in addition to complying with any other requirements as to notification imposed by virtue of any enactment) give notice to the person who has the use of the house to which the order relates (the “tenant”) of such matters as may be prescribed by the Scottish Ministers by regulations.

(4)Regulations under subsection (3) may include provision for or in connection with—

(a)the form of the notice;

(b)the manner and timing of service of the notice.

(5)If a person fails to comply with subsection (3), the sheriff principal shall not require the tenant to pay any sums that, but for the making of the order, would have been due by the tenant.

(6)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make provision for or in connection with specifying other circumstances in which the sheriff principal shall not require a tenant to pay any sums that, but for the making of the order, would have been due by the tenant.

(7)Regulations under subsection (6) may in particular include provision—

(a)specifying procedures;

(b)imposing obligations on landlords.

(8)The decision of the sheriff principal on an appeal under this section shall be final.

73Orders under section 71: revocation and suspension

(1)This section applies where an order is made under section 71.

(2)On the application of the local authority specified in the order or the landlord of the relevant house which is subject to the order, the sheriff may, if satisfied that—

(a)the landlord has taken the action specified in the antisocial behaviour notice; or

(b)having regard to all the circumstances relating to the relevant house, it would be unreasonable for the order to continue to have effect,

revoke or, for such period as may be specified, suspend the order.

(3)The revocation or suspension of an order under subsection (2) shall not operate so as to make a person liable to pay any rent or other consideration in respect of the period during which the order was in force.

(4)Where an order is revoked or suspended under subsection (2), the local authority shall give a copy of the order revoking or, as the case may be, suspending the order to the persons mentioned in section 71(4).

74Failure to comply with notice: management control order

(1)If, on the application of the local authority that served an antisocial behaviour notice on a landlord under section 68(1), the sheriff is satisfied as to the matters mentioned in subsection (2), the sheriff may make a management control order in respect of the house to which the notice relates.

(2)Those matters are—

(a)that the landlord has not taken the action specified in the antisocial behaviour notice within the time so specified;

(b)that, having regard to all the circumstances relating to the relevant house, it would be reasonable for the landlord to take that action; and

(c)that, to enable the antisocial behaviour described in the notice to be dealt with, it is necessary to make the order.

(3)A management control order is an order which—

(a)transfers, for such period not exceeding 12 months as may be specified in the order, to the local authority which made the application the rights and obligations of the landlord under the tenancy or occupancy arrangement under which the house is occupied;

(b)if during that period a tenancy is granted or an occupancy arrangement made for the occupation of the house, transfers for that period to the local authority the rights and obligations of the landlord under that tenancy or arrangement;

(c)makes for that period such incidental provision as the sheriff considers necessary.

(4)Where the local authority on whose application a management control order is made is satisfied that—

(a)sums in respect of rent or other consideration for occupation have been paid to the landlord under the tenancy or occupancy arrangement under which the house is occupied; and

(b)those sums have been paid in respect of a period during which the order is in force,

the authority may recover those sums from the landlord.

(5)Schedule 3 (which makes further provision in relation to management control orders) shall have effect.

75Management control order: notification

(1)Subsection (2) applies where a management control order is made under section 74.

(2)As soon as practicable after the order is made, the local authority on whose application the order was made shall—

(a)inform—

(i)the person who, immediately before the order was made, was the landlord of the house to which the order relates; and

(ii)if the authority is aware of the name and address of a person occupying the house by virtue of a tenancy or occupancy arrangement, that person,

of the making of the order; and

(b)if the authority is aware of the name and address of a person who acts for the person mentioned in paragraph (a)(i) as respects a tenancy or occupancy arrangement in respect of the house, give a copy of the order to that person.

(3)If it is impracticable for the local authority to comply with the requirement in subsection (2)(a)(i), the authority need not do so.

76Management control order: revocation

(1)On the application of—

(a)the local authority specified in a management control order (“the local authority”); or

(b)the person who, immediately before the order was made, was the landlord of the relevant house to which the order relates (“the landlord”),

the sheriff may, if satisfied that subsection (2) or (3) applies, revoke the management control order.

(2)This subsection applies if—

(a)the local authority; or

(b)the landlord,

has taken the action specified in the antisocial behaviour notice.

(3)This subsection applies if, having regard to all the circumstances relating to the relevant house, it would be unreasonable for the order to continue to have effect.

77Management control order: notification of revocation

(1)Subsection (2) applies where a management control order is revoked under section 76(1) on the application of the local authority specified in the order.

(2)As soon as practicable after the order is revoked, the local authority shall—

(a)inform—

(i)the person who, immediately before the management control order was made, was the landlord of the house to which the order related; and

(ii)if the authority is aware of the name and address of a person occupying the house by virtue of a tenancy or occupancy arrangement, that person,

of the revocation of the order; and

(b)if the authority is aware of the name and address of a person who acts for the person mentioned in paragraph (a)(i) as respects a tenancy or occupancy arrangement in respect of the house, give a copy of the order to that person.

(3)If it is impracticable for the local authority to comply with the requirement in subsection (2)(a)(i), the authority need not do so.

(4)Subsection (5) applies where a management control order is revoked under section 76(1) on the application of the person who, immediately before the order was made, was the landlord of the house to which the order related.

(5)As soon as practicable after the order is revoked, the person shall—

(a)inform the local authority specified in the order; and

(b)any person occupying the house by virtue of a tenancy or occupancy arrangement,

of the revocation of the order.

78Failure to comply with notice: action by authority at landlord’s expense

(1)Subsections (2) and (3) apply where—

(a)a local authority serves an antisocial behaviour notice on a landlord under section 68(1);

(b)the landlord fails to take the action specified in the notice within the time so specified; and

(c)in consequence of that failure, it appears to the authority that it is necessary for it to take steps to deal with the antisocial behaviour described in the notice.

(2)The local authority may take such steps as it considers necessary to deal with the antisocial behaviour described in the notice.

(3)In such circumstances as the Scottish Ministers may by regulations prescribe, the landlord shall be liable for expenditure—

(a)incurred, by virtue of subsection (2), by the local authority; and

(b)of such description as may be so prescribed.

(4)Regulations under subsection (3) may include provision for or in connection with—

(a)imposing requirements on local authorities and landlords as respects arrangements for the notification and collection of expenditure of a description prescribed in the regulations;

(b)specifying arrangements for the settling of disputes arising by virtue of subsection (3).

79Failure to comply with notice: offence

(1)Where—

(a)a local authority serves an antisocial behaviour notice on a landlord under section 68(1); and

(b)the landlord fails to take the action specified in the notice within the time so specified,

the landlord shall be guilty of an offence.

(2)A landlord guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(3)It shall be a defence for a landlord charged with an offence under subsection (1) to show that there was a reasonable excuse for the failure in question.

Regulations

80Regulations about advice and assistance: Part 7

For the purposes of this Part, the Scottish Ministers may by regulations make provision requiring local authorities to provide advice and assistance of such description as may be specified in the regulations to persons of such description as may be so specified.

Interpretation

81Interpretation of Part 7

(1)In this Part—

  • “landlord”, in relation to an occupancy arrangement, means the person who under the arrangement permits another to occupy the building or, as the case may be, the part of the building;

  • “occupancy arrangement” means any arrangement under which a person having the lawful right to occupy a building or part of a building permits another, by way of contract or otherwise, to occupy the building or, as the case may be, the part of it; but does not include a lease;

  • “relevant house” means, subject to subsection (2), any building or part of a building which—

    (a)

    is occupied as a dwelling under—

    (i)

    a tenancy; or

    (ii)

    an occupancy arrangement; and

    (b)

    does not fall within subsection (3).

(2)If—

(a)the same person is the landlord in relation to two or more relevant houses; and

(b)those relevant houses share the same toilet, washing or cooking facilities,

then those relevant houses shall be deemed to be a single relevant house.

(3)A building or part of a building falls within this subsection if—

(a)it is owned by—

(i)a local authority;

(ii)a registered social landlord; or

(iii)Scottish Homes;

(b)it is used for the provision of—

(i)a care home service (as defined in subsection (3) of section 2 of the Regulation of Care (Scotland) Act 2001 (asp 8));

(ii)a school care accommodation service (as defined in subsection (4) of that section);

(iii)an independent health care service (as defined in subsection (5) of that section); or

(iv)a secure accommodation service (as defined in subsection (9) of that section);

(c)the house is used by a religious order the principal occupation of which is prayer, contemplation, education or the relief of suffering; or

(d)a control order under section 178 of the Housing (Scotland) Act 1987 (c. 26) is in force in respect of the house.

(4)For the purposes of this Part, a person engages in antisocial behaviour if the person—

(a)acts in a manner that causes or is likely to cause alarm, distress, nuisance or annoyance; or

(b)pursues a course of conduct that causes or is likely to cause alarm, distress, nuisance or annoyance,

to a person residing in, visiting or otherwise engaging in lawful activity at, or in the locality of, a relevant house.

Part 8Housing: registration of certain landlords

Registration

82Registers

(1)Each local authority shall prepare and maintain a register for the purposes of this Part.

(2)Each local authority shall make its register available for public inspection at all reasonable times.

83Application for registration

(1)An application by a relevant person to a local authority for entry in the register maintained by it under section 82(1) shall specify—

(a)the name and address of the relevant person;

(b)the address of each house (if any) within the area of the authority which the relevant person owns and which is subject to—

(i)a lease; or

(ii)an occupancy arrangement,

by virtue of which an unconnected person may use the house as a dwelling;

(c)if the relevant person has a person who acts for the person in relation to the lease or occupancy arrangement to which any house specified under paragraph (b) is subject, the name and address of the person; and

(d)such other information as the Scottish Ministers may by regulations prescribe.

(2)Subject to subsection (3), the application shall be accompanied by such fee as the local authority may determine.

(3)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations prescribe for the purposes of subsection (2)—

(a)fees;

(b)how fees are to be arrived at;

(c)cases in which no fee shall be payable.

(4)A person who, in an application under this section—

(a)specifies information which the person knows is false in a material particular; or

(b)knowingly fails to specify information required by subsection (1),

shall be guilty of an offence.

(5)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (4) shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(6)For the purposes of subsection (1)(b), the use of a house as a dwelling shall be disregarded if—

(a)the house is being used for the provision of—

(i)a care home service (as defined in subsection (3) of section 2 of the Regulation of Care (Scotland) Act 2001 (asp 8));

(ii)a school care accommodation service (as defined in subsection (4) of that section);

(iii)an independent health care service (as defined in subsection (5) of that section); or

(iv)a secure accommodation service (as defined in subsection (9) of that section);

(b)the house is being used by a religious order the principal occupation of which is prayer, contemplation, education or the relief of suffering;

(c)a control order under section 178 of the Housing (Scotland) Act 1987 (c. 26) is in force in respect of the house; or

(d)the house is being used for holiday purposes.

(7)The Scottish Ministers may by order modify subsection (6).

(8)In this Part—

  • “relevant person” means a person who is not—

    (a)

    a local authority;

    (b)

    a registered social landlord; or

    (c)

    Scottish Homes; and

  • “unconnected person”, in relation to a relevant person, means a person who is not a member of the family of the relevant person.

84Registration

(1)This section applies where a relevant person makes an application to a local authority in accordance with section 83.

(2)Where, having considered the application—

(a)the local authority is satisfied that subsection (3) or (4) applies, the authority shall enter the relevant person in the register maintained by the authority under section 82(1);

(b)the authority is not satisfied that either of those subsections applies, the authority shall refuse to enter the relevant person in the register.

(3)This subsection applies where—

(a)under paragraph (b) of section 83(1), the application—

(i)does not specify a house; or

(ii)specifies a house (or two or more houses);

(b)under paragraph (c) of that section, the application does not specify the name and address of a person; and

(c)the relevant person is a fit and proper person to act as landlord under—

(i)a lease; or

(ii)an occupancy arrangement,

by virtue of which an unconnected person may use a house as a dwelling.

(4)This subsection applies where—

(a)under paragraph (b) of section 83(1), the application specifies at least one house;

(b)under paragraph (c) of that section, the application specifies the name and address of a person;

(c)subsection (3)(c) applies; and

(d)the person is a fit and proper person to act for a landlord such as is mentioned in that subsection in relation to the lease or, as the case may be, arrangement.

(5)An entry in a register under subsection (2)(a) shall state, in relation to the relevant person, the information specified by virtue of paragraphs (a) to (c) of section 83(1) in the application made by the relevant person.

(6)Subject to sections 88(8) and 89(1), where a local authority makes an entry in a register under subsection (2)(a), the authority shall remove the entry from the register on the expiry of the period of 3 years beginning with the day on which the entry is made.

85Section 84: considerations

(1)In deciding for the purposes of section 84(3) or (4) whether the relevant person or, as the case may be, the person is a fit and proper person, the local authority shall have regard (among other things) to any material falling within subsections (2) to (4).

(2)Material falls within this subsection if it shows that the relevant person or, as the case may be, the person has—

(a)committed any offence involving—

(i)fraud or other dishonesty;

(ii)violence; or

(iii)drugs;

(b)practised unlawful discrimination on grounds of sex, colour, race, ethnic or national origins or disability in, or in connection with, the carrying on of any business; or

(c)contravened any provision of—

(i)the law relating to housing; or

(ii)landlord and tenant law.

(3)Material falls within this subsection if it relates to any actings of the relevant person or, as the case may be, the person as respects antisocial behaviour affecting a house—

(a)subject to a lease or occupancy arrangement such as is mentioned in section 84(3)(c); and

(b)in relation to which the relevant person was (or is) the landlord under the lease or arrangement or, as the case may be, the person was (or is) acting for the landlord in relation to the lease or arrangement.

(4)Material falls within this subsection if it appears to the authority that the material is relevant to the question of whether the relevant person or, as the case may be, the person is a fit and proper person.

(5)In subsection (3), “actings” includes failure to act.

86Notification of registration or refusal to register

(1)Where a local authority—

(a)enters a person in its register under paragraph (a) of section 84(2); or

(b)refuses to enter a person in its register under paragraph (b) of that section,

the authority shall, as soon as practicable after doing so, give notice of the fact to the person.

(2)Where a local authority refuses to enter a person in its register under section 84(2)(b), the authority shall, as soon as practicable after doing so, send notice of the fact to—

(a)each address specified by virtue of paragraph (b) of section 83(1) in the application for registration; and

(b)if, by virtue of paragraph (c) of section 83(1), the application specified the name and address of a person, that person.

87Duty of registered person to provide information to local authority

(1)This section applies where a person is registered by a local authority.

(2)If in consequence of a change in circumstances any information provided by the person to the local authority by virtue of section 83(1) or, as the case may be, this subsection, becomes inaccurate, the person shall, as soon as practicable after the inaccuracy arises, give notice in writing to the authority of the change that has occurred.

(3)Subject to subsection (4), any notice given under subsection (2) shall be accompanied by such fee as the local authority may determine.

(4)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations prescribe for the purposes of subsection (3)—

(a)fees;

(b)how fees are to be arrived at;

(c)cases in which no fee shall be payable.

(5)A person who, without reasonable excuse, fails to comply with subsection (2) shall be guilty of an offence.

(6)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (5) shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

88Registered person: appointment of agent

(1)Subsection (2) applies where—

(a)a person is registered by a local authority (the “registered person”); and

(b)the registered person appoints a person to act for the person in relation to—

(i)a lease; or

(ii)occupancy arrangement,

by virtue of which an unconnected person may use as a dwelling a house within the area of the authority which the registered person owns.

(2)The registered person shall, as soon as practicable after appointing the person, give notice in writing to the local authority of the appointment.

(3)The local authority shall, as soon as practicable after being given notice under subsection (2), determine whether the condition in subsection (4) is satisfied in relation to the person appointed.

(4)The condition is that the person is a fit and proper person to act for the registered person in relation to a lease or occupancy arrangement such as is mentioned in subsection (1)(b).

(5)Subsections (2) to (5) of section 85 shall apply for the purposes of subsection (4) as those subsections apply for the purposes of subsection (1) of that section.

(6)If the local authority determines that the condition in subsection (4) is satisfied—

(a)the registered person shall be deemed, with effect from the date of the determination, to be registered by virtue of subsection (4) of section 84; and

(b)the local authority shall give the registered person notice in writing of that fact.

(7)Subsection (6)(a) shall not affect the calculation of the period mentioned in section 84(6).

(8)If the local authority determines that the condition in subsection (4) is not satisfied, the authority shall remove the registered person from the register.

89Removal from register

(1)Where—

(a)a person is registered by a local authority; and

(b)subsection (2) or (3) applies,

the authority shall remove the person from its register.

(2)This subsection applies where—

(a)the person was registered by virtue of section 84(3); and

(b)paragraph (c) of that section no longer applies.

(3)This subsection applies where—

(a)the person was registered by virtue of section 84(4); and

(b)paragraph (c) or (d) of that section no longer applies.

90Notification of removal from register: registered person

(1)Subsection (2) applies where under section 88(8) or 89(1) a local authority removes a person from the register maintained by it under section 82(1).

(2)As soon as practicable after the removal, the local authority shall give the person notice in writing of—

(a)the removal; and

(b)the date of the removal.

(3)Notice under subsection (2) shall be given to the person at the address which, immediately before the removal, was specified as being the address of the person in the entry for the person in the register.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (2), notice is given by being sent by the recorded delivery service.

91Notification of removal from register: other persons

(1)Subsection (2) applies where under section 88(8) or 89(1) a local authority removes a person from the register maintained by it under section 82(1).

(2)As soon as practicable after the removal, the local authority shall give notice of the removal and the date of the removal to—

(a)the address of each house that, immediately before the removal, was entered in the person’s entry in the register; and

(b)if the authority is aware of the name and address of a person who acts for the person whose name was removed from the register in relation to a lease or occupancy arrangement such as is mentioned in section 88(1)(b), that person.

92Appeal against refusal to register or removal from register

(1)Subsection (2) applies where—

(a)under section 84(2)(b) a local authority refuses to enter a person in the register maintained by it under section 82(1); or

(b)under section 88(8) or 89(1) an authority removes a person from the register.

(2)The sheriff may, on the application of the person, make an order—

(a)requiring the authority to enter the person in the register; and

(b)specifying whether the entry shall be deemed to be made by virtue of subsection (3) or (4) of section 84.

(3)Where by virtue of subsection (2) a local authority enters a person in the register maintained by it under section 82(1), the entry shall be deemed to have been made under subsection (2)(a) of section 84 by virtue of the subsection specified in the order.

(4)An application such as is mentioned in subsection (2) shall be made by summary application.

(5)An appeal against the decision of a sheriff granting or refusing an application under subsection (2) shall be made to the sheriff principal and shall be made within the period of 21 days beginning with the day on which the decision appealed against was made.

(6)The decision of the sheriff principal on an appeal under this section shall be final.

Enforcement

93Offences

(1)Where—

(a)a relevant person owns a house within the area of a local authority which is subject to—

(i)a lease; or

(ii)an occupancy arrangement,

by virtue of which an unconnected person may use the house as a dwelling; and

(b)the relevant person is not registered by that authority,

the relevant person shall be guilty of an offence.

(2)Where—

(a)a relevant person is not registered by a local authority; and

(b)in relation to a house that the relevant person owns in the area of the authority, the relevant person communicates with another person with a view to entering into a lease or an occupancy arrangement such as is mentioned in subsection (1)(a),

the relevant person shall be guilty of an offence.

(3)Where subsection (5) applies, nothing in subsection (1) makes it an offence for a relevant person to own a house which is subject to a lease or, as the case may be, occupancy arrangement such as is mentioned in subsection (1).

(4)Where subsection (5) applies, nothing in subsection (2) makes it an offence for a relevant person to communicate with another person with a view to entering into a lease or, as the case may be, occupancy arrangement such as is mentioned in subsection (2).

(5)This subsection applies where—

(a)the relevant person has made an application under section 83 to the local authority within whose area the house is situated; but

(b)the application has not been determined under section 84 by the authority.

(6)It shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (1) or (2) to show that there was a reasonable excuse for acting in the way charged.

(7)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) or (2) shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

94Circumstances in which no rent to be payable

(1)Where a local authority is satisfied that the conditions in subsection (2) are met in relation to a house within its area, the authority may serve a notice under this section on the persons mentioned in subsection (5).

(2)Those conditions are—

(a)that the owner of the house is a relevant person;

(b)that the house is subject to—

(i)a lease; or

(ii)an occupancy arrangement,

by virtue of which an unconnected person may use the house as a dwelling;

(c)that the relevant person is not registered by the local authority; and

(d)that, having regard to all the circumstances relating to the relevant person, it is appropriate for a notice to be served under this section.

(3)Where a notice is served under this section, during the relevant period—

(a)no rent shall be payable under any lease or occupancy arrangement in respect of the house to which the notice relates;

(b)no other consideration shall be payable or exigible under any such lease or occupancy arrangement.

(4)A notice served under this section shall specify—

(a)the name of the relevant person to whom it relates;

(b)the address of the house to which it relates;

(c)the effect of subsection (3); and

(d)the date on which it takes effect (which must not be earlier than the day after the day on which it is served).

(5)Those persons are—

(a)the relevant person;

(b)if the local authority is aware of the name and address of a person who has, by virtue of a lease or an occupancy arrangement such as is mentioned in subsection (2)(b), the use of the house to which the notice relates, that person; and

(c)if the local authority is aware of the name and address of a person who acts for the relevant person in relation to such a lease or an occupancy arrangement, that person.

(6)If—

(a)the local authority is unable to identify the relevant person, it may serve the notice under this section by publishing it in two or more newspapers (of which one shall, if practicable, be a local newspaper) circulating in the locality of the house to which the notice relates;

(b)the local authority is aware of the relevant person’s identity but is unable to ascertain the relevant person’s current address, it may serve the notice under this section by serving it on the landlord—

(i)at the house to which the notice relates; and

(ii)if it is aware of a previous address of the relevant person, at that address.

(7)The condition mentioned in subsection (2)(c) shall not be taken to be met where—

(a)the relevant person has made an application under section 83 to the local authority in whose area the house is situated; but

(b)the application has not been determined under section 84 by the authority.

(8)Except as provided in subsection (3), nothing in this Part affects the validity of any lease or occupancy arrangement under which an unconnected person has the use as a dwelling of a house during the relevant period.

(9)Where a local authority is aware of the name and address of a person mentioned in paragraph (b) or, as the case may be, (c) of subsection (5), failure to serve a notice on the person shall not affect the validity of the notice.

(10)In this section, “relevant period” means the period beginning with the date specified in the notice and ending with the earlier of—

(a)the revocation of the notice under section 95(2); or

(b)where the effect of the decision made on an appeal under section 97 is that rent or, as the case may be, other consideration is payable or exigible, that decision.

95Notices under section 94: revocation

(1)Subsection (2) applies where a local authority serves a notice under section 94 in relation to a house.

(2)If (whether on the application of a person having an interest in the case or otherwise) the local authority which served the notice is satisfied that the conditions mentioned in section 94(2) are no longer met in relation to the house, the authority shall, with effect from such day as it may specify, revoke the notice.

(3)The revocation of a notice under subsection (2) shall not operate so as to make a person liable to pay any rent or other consideration in respect of the period during which the notice was in force.

96Notification of revocation of notice

(1)Subsection (2) applies where a local authority revokes a notice under section 95 in relation to a house.

(2)As soon as practicable after revoking the notice, the local authority shall give notice of the fact to—

(a)the relevant person;

(b)if the local authority is aware of the name and address of a person who has, by virtue of a lease or an occupancy arrangement such as is mentioned in section 94(2)(b), the use of the house to which the notice relates, that person; and

(c)if the local authority is aware of the name and address of a person who acts for the relevant person in relation to such a lease or an occupancy arrangement, that person.

(3)Where a local authority is aware of the name and address of a person mentioned in paragraph (b) or, as the case may be, (c) of subsection (2), failure to serve a notice on the person may not be founded on in any proceedings.

97Appeals

(1)A relevant person on whom a notice under section 94 is served may, before the expiry of the period of 21 days beginning with the date specified by virtue of subsection (4)(d) of that section in the notice, appeal to the sheriff against the decision of the local authority to serve the notice.

(2)Where, on the application of a person having an interest, a local authority makes a decision refusing to revoke a notice under section 95(2), the person may, before the expiry of the period of 21 days beginning with the day on which the decision is made, appeal to the sheriff against the decision.

(3)Subsection (4) applies where a person appeals against a decision such as is mentioned in subsection (1) or (2).

(4)The person shall (in addition to complying with any other requirements as to notification imposed by virtue of any enactment) give notice to the person who has the use as a dwelling of the house to which the notice relates (the “tenant”) of such matters as may be prescribed by the Scottish Ministers by regulations.

(5)Regulations under subsection (4) may include provision for or in connection with—

(a)the form of the notice;

(b)the manner and timing of service of the notice.

(6)If a person fails to comply with subsection (4), the court hearing the appeal may not require the tenant to pay any sums that, but for the making of the order, would have been due by the tenant.

(7)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make provision for or in connection with specifying other circumstances in which the sheriff principal shall not require a tenant to pay any sums that, but for the making of the order, would have been due by the tenant.

(8)Regulations under subsection (7) may in particular include provision—

(a)specifying procedures;

(b)imposing obligations on landlords.

Grants

98Grants to local authorities

(1)The Scottish Ministers may make a grant to a local authority in respect of costs incurred by the authority by virtue of this Part.

(2)The payment of a grant under subsection (1) may be made subject to such conditions (including conditions as to repayment) as the Scottish Ministers may determine.

Regulations

99Regulations about advice and assistance: Part 8

For the purposes of this Part, the Scottish Ministers may by regulations make provision requiring local authorities to provide advice and assistance of such description as may be specified in the regulations to persons of such description as may be so specified.

Amendment of Housing (Scotland) Act 1988

100Amendment of Housing (Scotland) Act 1988

In subsection (6)(a) of section 18 of the Housing (Scotland) Act 1988 (c. 43) (orders for possession)—

(a)the word “or”, where it thirdly occurs, shall be repealed; and

(b)after “10” there shall be inserted “, Ground 15”.

Interpretation

101Interpretation of Part 8

(1)In this Part—

  • “house” means, subject to subsection (2), a building or part of a building occupied or intended to be occupied as a dwelling;

  • “landlord”, in relation to an occupancy arrangement, means the person who under the arrangement permits another to occupy the building or, as the case may be, the part of the building;

  • “occupancy arrangement” means any arrangement under which a person having the lawful right to occupy a house permits another, by way of contract or otherwise, to occupy the house or, as the case may be, part of it; but does not include a lease;

  • “registered”, in relation to a relevant person and a local authority, means entered by virtue of section 84(2)(a) in the register maintained by the authority under section 82(1); and cognate expressions shall be construed accordingly;

  • “relevant person” has the meaning given by section 83(8);

  • “unconnected person” has the meaning given by section 83(8); and

  • “use as a dwelling” shall be construed in accordance with section 83(6).

(2)If two or more dwellings within a building share the same toilet, washing or cooking facilities, then those dwellings shall be deemed to be a single house for the purposes of this Part.

(3)For the purposes of this Part, any reference to a person’s being a member of another’s family shall be construed in accordance with section 108(1) and (2) of the Housing (Scotland) Act 2001 (asp 10).

(4)For the purposes of this Part, a person engages in antisocial behaviour if the person—

(a)acts in a manner that causes or is likely to cause alarm, distress, nuisance or annoyance; or

(b)pursues a course of conduct that causes or is likely to cause alarm, distress, nuisance or annoyance,

to a person residing in, visiting or otherwise engaging in lawful activity at, or in the locality of, a house; and “antisocial behaviour” shall be construed accordingly.

Part 9Parenting orders

Applications

102Applications

(1)The court may make a parenting order in respect of a parent of a child where—

(a)subsection (2) or (3) applies; and

(b)the Scottish Ministers have notified the court that the local authority for the area in which the parent ordinarily resides has made arrangements that would enable the order to be complied with.

(2)This subsection applies where—

(a)the application for the order is made by the appropriate local authority; and

(b)the court is satisfied that—

(i)the behaviour condition; or

(ii)the conduct condition,

is met.

(3)This subsection applies where—

(a)the application for the order is made by the Principal Reporter; and

(b)the court is satisfied that—

(i)the behaviour condition;

(ii)the conduct condition; or

(iii)the welfare condition,

is met.

(4)The behaviour condition is—

(a)that the child has engaged in antisocial behaviour; and

(b)that the making of the order is desirable in the interests of preventing the child from engaging in further such behaviour.

(5)The conduct condition is—

(a)that the child has engaged in criminal conduct; and

(b)that the making of the order is desirable in the interests of preventing the child from engaging in further such conduct.

(6)The welfare condition is that the making of the order is desirable in the interests of improving the welfare of the child.

(7)For the purposes of subsection (5), a child engages in criminal conduct if the child engages in conduct that constitutes a criminal offence (or would do so if the child had attained the age of 8 years).

(8)An application under this section shall be made by summary application to the sheriff of the sheriffdom where the parent ordinarily resides.

(9)Before an application is made under this section—

(a)by a local authority, it shall consult the Principal Reporter;

(b)by the Principal Reporter, the Principal Reporter shall consult the appropriate local authority.

(10)In this section, “appropriate local authority” means the local authority for the area where the child ordinarily resides.

Parenting orders

103Parenting orders

(1)A parenting order is an order requiring the specified person—

(a)to comply, during a specified period—

(i)beginning with the making of the order; and

(ii)not exceeding 12 months,

with such requirements as are specified; and

(b)subject to subsection (2), to attend, during a specified period—

(i)falling within the specified period mentioned in paragraph (a); and

(ii)not exceeding 3 months,

such counselling or guidance sessions as may be directed by a supervising officer appointed by the relevant local authority.

(2)Where a parenting order has been made in respect of the person on a previous occasion in the interests of the child in whose interests the order is to be made, the order need not include a requirement under subsection (1)(b).

(3)The Scottish Ministers may by order amend the number of months mentioned in—

(a)subsection (1)(a)(ii); and

(b)subsection (1)(b)(ii).

(4)In subsection (1), “specified” means specified in the order.

Matters following making of order

104Notification of making of order

(1)The clerk of the court by which a parenting order is made shall cause a copy of the order to be—

(a)given to the person specified in the order; or

(b)sent to the person so specified by registered post or the recorded delivery service.

(2)A certificate of posting of a letter sent under subsection (1)(b) issued by the postal operator concerned shall be sufficient evidence of the sending of the letter on the day specified in such certificate.

(3)In subsection (2), “postal operator” has the meaning given by section 125(1) of the Postal Services Act 2000 (c. 26).

105Review of order

(1)On the application of a relevant applicant the court that made a parenting order may, if it considers that it would be appropriate to do so—

(a)revoke the order; or

(b)vary the order by—

(i)deleting any of the requirements specified in the order;

(ii)adding a new requirement;

(iii)altering the period specified for the purpose of section 103(1)(b).

(2)In subsection (1), “relevant applicant” means—

(a)the person specified in the order;

(b)the child in respect of whom the order was made;

(c)the local authority for the area in which the person specified in the order ordinarily resides.

(3)Before an application is made under subsection (1) by a local authority, it shall consult the Principal Reporter.

(4)Where an application under subsection (1) for the revocation or, as the case may be, variation, of a parenting order is refused, another such application by the same applicant under that subsection for revocation or, as the case may be, variation, may be made only with the consent of the court that made the order.

(5)Where the court that made a parenting order is satisfied that—

(a)the person specified in the order proposes to change, or has changed, the person’s place of ordinary residence; and

(b)it is appropriate to make an order specifying the sheriff of another sheriffdom as the court that may entertain applications under subsection (1),

it may make such an order; and in such a case, this section shall be read as if references to the court that made the order were references to that sheriff.

106Appeals

An interlocutor—

(a)varying, or refusing to vary, a parenting order; or

(b)making a parenting order under section 13,

is an appealable interlocutor.

107Failure to comply with order

(1)If the person specified in a parenting order fails without reasonable excuse to comply with—

(a)any requirement specified in the order; or

(b)any direction given under the order,

the person shall be guilty of an offence.

(2)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(3)In determining the sentence to be imposed on a person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) a court shall take into consideration the welfare of any child in respect of whom the person is a parent.

General requirements

108Procedural requirements

(1)Before making, varying or revoking a parenting order, a court shall—

(a)having regard to the age and maturity of the child, so far as practicable—

(i)give the child an opportunity to indicate whether the child wishes to express views; and

(ii)if the child so wishes, give the child an opportunity to express those views;

(b)give the parent the opportunity to be heard;

(c)obtain information about the family circumstances of the parent and the likely effect of the order on those circumstances.

(2)Before making a parenting order, the court shall explain in ordinary language—

(a)the effect of the order and of the requirements proposed to be included in it;

(b)the consequences of failing to comply with the order;

(c)the powers the court has under section 105; and

(d)the entitlement of the parent to appeal against the making of the order.

(3)Before varying or revoking a parenting order, the court shall explain in ordinary language the effect of the variation or, as the case may be, revocation.

(4)Subsections (2) and (3) apply only where the parent is present in court.

(5)Failure to comply with subsection (2) or (3) shall not affect the validity of the order made.

(6)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1)(a), a child who is at least 12 years of age shall be presumed to be of sufficient age and maturity to form a view.

109General considerations relating to making, varying and revoking order

(1)Where a court is determining whether to make, vary or revoke a parenting order its paramount consideration shall be the welfare of the child.

(2)Where a court is determining whether to make a parenting order it shall have regard to—

(a)such views as the child has expressed in relation to that matter by virtue of paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of section 108;

(b)the information obtained in relation to that matter by virtue of paragraph (c) of that subsection;

(c)whether (and if so the extent to which) the parent has, at any time that appears to the court to be relevant, taken relevant voluntary steps; and

(d)any other behaviour of the parent that appears to the court to be relevant.

(3)Where a court is determining whether to vary or revoke a parenting order it shall have regard to—

(a)such views as the child has expressed in relation to that matter by virtue of paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of section 108;

(b)the information obtained in relation to that matter by virtue of paragraph (c) of that subsection; and

(c)any behaviour of the parent that appears to the court to be relevant.

(4)In subsection (2)(c), “relevant voluntary steps” means—

(a)where the court is determining whether to—

(i)make a parenting order under section 13; or

(ii)make a parenting order under subsection (1) of section 102 in respect of the condition mentioned in subsection (4) of that section,

voluntary steps intended to be in the interests of preventing the child from engaging in antisocial behaviour;

(b)where the court is determining whether to make a parenting order under subsection (1) of section 102 in respect of the condition mentioned in subsection (5) of that section, voluntary steps intended to be in the interests of preventing the child from engaging in criminal conduct;

(c)where the court is determining whether to make a parenting order under subsection (1) of section 102 in respect of the condition mentioned in subsection (6) of that section, voluntary steps intended to be in the interests of improving the welfare of the child.

110Account to be taken of religion, work and education

(1)A court shall ensure that the requirements of a parenting order made by it avoid, so far as practicable—

(a)any conflict with the religious beliefs of the person specified in the order; and

(b)any interference with times at which that person normally works (or carries out voluntary work) or attends an educational establishment.

(2)The supervising officer appointed by a local authority in respect of a parenting order shall ensure that the directions given by the officer avoid, so far as practicable, the matters mentioned in subsection (1)(a) and (b).

Miscellaneous

111Restriction on reporting proceedings relating to parenting orders

(1)Subject to subsection (2), a person shall be guilty of an offence if the person publishes, anywhere in the world, any matter in respect of relevant proceedings which is intended, or likely to, identify—

(a)the parent concerned in the proceedings (the “person concerned”);

(b)any address as being that of the person concerned;

(c)the child concerned in the proceedings;

(d)any other child—

(i)who is a member of the same household as the person concerned; or

(ii)of whom the person concerned is a parent; or

(e)any—

(i)address; or

(ii)school,

as being that of a child mentioned in paragraph (c) or (d).

(2)In relevant proceedings, the court may, in the interests of justice, order that subsection (1) shall not apply to the proceedings to such extent as the court considers appropriate.

(3)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale.

(4)It shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (1) to show that the person—

(a)did not know; and

(b)had no reason to suspect,

that the published matter was intended, or was likely, to identify the person concerned, child, address or school (as the case may be).

(5)Section 46 of the Children and Young Persons (Scotland) Act 1937 (c. 37) shall apply in relation to relevant proceedings only in respect of a person concerned in the proceedings as a witness.

(6)A child in whose interests a parenting order has been made shall be regarded as a person who falls within subsection (1)(a) of section 47 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 46) for the purposes of that section in its application to proceedings in respect of the commission of an offence under section 107(1) in respect of that order.

(7)In this section—

  • “programme service” has the meaning given by section 201 of the Broadcasting Act 1990 (c. 42);

  • “publishes” includes—

    (a)

    causing to be published; and

    (b)

    publishing in a programme service,

    and “published” shall be construed accordingly; and

  • “relevant proceedings” means—

    (a)

    proceedings before a sheriff for the purpose of considering whether to make a parenting order under section 13(1);

    (b)

    proceedings before a sheriff on an application for the making of a parenting order under section 102(1);

    (c)

    proceedings before a sheriff on an application for the variation, or revocation, of a parenting order under section 105(1);

    (d)

    proceedings before a sheriff for the purpose of considering whether to make an order under section 105(5);

    (e)

    an appeal arising from proceedings such as are mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (d).

112Conduct of proceedings by reporters

(1)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations empower a reporter, whether or not the reporter is an advocate or solicitor, to conduct proceedings—

(a)before a sheriff—

(i)on an application by the Principal Reporter for the making of a parenting order;

(ii)on an application for the variation, or revocation, of a parenting order made on the application of the Principal Reporter, under section 105(1); or

(iii)for the purpose of considering whether to make an order under section 105(5) in respect of a parenting order made on the application of the Principal Reporter; or

(b)before a sheriff principal, on any appeal arising from proceedings such as are mentioned in paragraph (a).

(2)Regulations under subsection (1) may prescribe such requirements as the Scottish Ministers think fit as to—

(a)qualifications;

(b)training; or

(c)experience,

necessary for a reporter to be so empowered.

(3)In this section, “reporter” means—

(a)the Principal Reporter; and

(b)any officer of the Scottish Children’s Reporter Administration to whom there is delegated, under section 131(1) of the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994 (c. 39), any of the functions which the Principal Reporter has under any enactment.

113Initial investigations by Principal Reporter

(1)For the purpose of determining whether to make an application for the making of a parenting order under section 102, the Principal Reporter may make such investigations as the Principal Reporter considers appropriate.

(2)On a request made by the Principal Reporter for the purpose mentioned in subsection (1), a local authority shall supply to the Principal Reporter a report on—

(a)the child in relation to whom the Principal Reporter is determining whether to make the application;

(b)the parent in relation to whom the Principal Reporter is determining whether to make the application; and

(c)such circumstances concerning—

(i)the child; and

(ii)the parent,

as appear to the Principal Reporter to be relevant.

114Power of court to direct Principal Reporter to consider application for parenting order

Where, in any proceedings (other than proceedings under section 4 or 102), it appears to a court that it might be appropriate for a parenting order to be made in respect of a parent of a child, the court may require the Principal Reporter to consider whether to apply under section 102 for such an order.

115Guidance about parenting orders

A person (other than a court) shall, in discharging functions by virtue of section 13 or this Part, have regard to any guidance given by the Scottish Ministers about—

(a)the discharge of those functions; and

(b)matters arising in connection with the discharge of those functions.

116Power of hearing to direct Principal Reporter to consider application for parenting order

After section 75 of the Children (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 36) there shall be inserted—

Parenting orders
75ARequirement on Principal Reporter to consider application for parenting order

(1)Subsection (2) below applies where it appears to—

(a)the children’s hearing to whom a child’s case has been referred under section 65(1) of this Act; or

(b)a children’s hearing arranged, under section 73(8) of this Act, to review a supervision requirement in respect of a child,

that it might be appropriate for a parenting order to be made in respect of a parent of the child under section 102 of the Antisocial Behaviour etc. (Scotland) Act 2004 (asp 8) (the “2004 Act”).

(2)The hearing may require the Principal Reporter to consider whether to apply, under subsection (3) of that section of the 2004 Act, for such an order.

(3)A requirement under subsection (2) above shall specify—

(a)the parent in respect of whom it might be appropriate for the order to be made; and

(b)by reference to subsections (4) to (6) of that section of the 2004 Act, the condition in respect of which the application might be made.

(4)In subsection (1) above, “parent” and “child” have the same meanings as in section 117 of the 2004 Act..

Interpretation

117Interpretation of Part 9

In this Part—

  • “child” means a person who is under the age of 16 years;

  • “parent”, means any individual who is a relevant person as defined in section 93(2)(b) of the Children (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 36) (the references to a “person” in that section being read as references to an individual);

  • “parenting order” has the meaning given by section 103(1).

Part 10Further criminal measures

Antisocial behaviour orders

118Antisocial behaviour orders

After section 234A of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 46) there shall be inserted—

Antisocial behaviour orders
234AAAntisocial behaviour orders

(1)Where subsection (2) below applies, the court may, instead of or in addition to imposing any sentence which it could impose, make an antisocial behaviour order in respect of a person (the “offender”).

(2)This subsection applies where—

(a)the offender is convicted of an offence;

(b)at the time when he committed the offence, the offender was at least 12 years of age;

(c)in committing the offence, he engaged in antisocial behaviour; and

(d)the court is satisfied, on a balance of probabilities, that the making of an antisocial behaviour order is necessary for the purpose of protecting other persons from further antisocial behaviour by the offender.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (2)(c) above, a person engages in antisocial behaviour if he—

(a)acts in a manner that causes or is likely to cause alarm or distress; or

(b)pursues a course of conduct that causes or is likely to cause alarm or distress,

to at least one person who is not of the same household as him.

(4)Subject to subsection (5) below, an antisocial behaviour order is an order which prohibits, indefinitely or for such period as may be specified in the order, the offender from doing anything described in the order.

(5)The prohibitions that may be imposed by an antisocial behaviour order are those necessary for the purpose of protecting other persons from further antisocial behaviour by the offender.

(6)Before making an antisocial behaviour order, the court shall explain to the offender in ordinary language—

(a)the effect of the order and the prohibitions proposed to be included in it;

(b)the consequences of failing to comply with the order;

(c)the powers the court has under subsection (8) below; and

(d)the entitlement of the offender to appeal against the making of the order.

(7)Failure to comply with subsection (6) shall not affect the validity of the order.

(8)On the application of the offender in respect of whom an antisocial behaviour order is made under this section, the court which made the order may, if satisfied on a balance of probabilities that it is appropriate to do so—

(a)revoke the order; or

(b)subject to subsection (9) below, vary it in such manner as it thinks fit.

(9)Where an antisocial behaviour order specifies a period, the court may not, under subsection (8)(b) above, vary the order by extending the period.

(10)An antisocial behaviour order made under this section, and any revocation or variation of such an order under subsection (8) above, shall be taken to be a sentence for the purposes of an appeal.

(11)Sections 9 and 11 of the Antisocial Behaviour etc. (Scotland) Act 2004 (asp 8) (which provide that breach of an antisocial behaviour order made under that Act is an offence for which a person is liable to be arrested without warrant) shall apply in relation to antisocial behaviour orders made under this section as those sections apply in relation to antisocial behaviour orders made under section 4 of that Act.

(12)In this section, “conduct” includes speech; and a course of conduct must involve conduct on at least two occasions.

234ABAntisocial behaviour orders: notification

(1)Upon making an antisocial behaviour order under section 234AA of this Act, the court shall—

(a)serve a copy of the order on the offender; and

(b)give a copy of the order to the local authority it considers most appropriate.

(2)Upon revoking an antisocial behaviour order under subsection (8)(a) of that section, the court shall notify the local authority to whom a copy of the order was given under subsection (1)(b) above.

(3)Upon varying an antisocial behaviour order under subsection (8)(b) of that section, the court shall—

(a)serve a copy of the order as varied on the offender; and

(b)give a copy of the order as varied to the local authority to whom a copy of the order was given under subsection (1)(b) above.

(4)For the purposes of this section, a copy is served on an offender if—

(a)given to him; or

(b)sent to him by registered post or the recorded delivery service.

(5)A certificate of posting of a letter sent under subsection (4)(b) issued by the postal operator shall be sufficient evidence of the sending of the letter on the day specified in such certificate.

(6)In this section, “offender” means the person in respect of whom the antisocial behaviour order was made..

119Records of antisocial behaviour orders made in criminal courts

(1)A local authority shall keep records of each antisocial behaviour order of which the authority has been given a copy by virtue of subsection (1)(b) of section 234AB of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 46) (the “1995 Act”).

(2)A record kept under subsection (1) shall specify—

(a)the person in respect of whom the order was made;

(b)the prohibitions imposed by the order;

(c)whether a prohibition is indefinite or for a definite period and where it is for a period, that period;

(d)where the authority is, by virtue of subsection (2) of that section of the 1995 Act, notified of the revocation of the order, the date on which it was revoked;

(e)where the authority is, by virtue of subsection (3)(b) of that section of the 1995 Act, given a copy of the order as varied, the variation and its date; and

(f)such other matters relating to the order as the Scottish Ministers may prescribe in regulations.

(3)A local authority shall, on a request to do so being made to it by a person mentioned in subsection (4), disclose to that person information contained in a record kept under subsection (1).

(4)Those persons are—

(a)the Scottish Ministers;

(b)the Principal Reporter;

(c)any other local authority;

(d)a chief constable; and

(e)a registered social landlord.

(5)A local authority shall, in discharging functions by virtue of this section, have regard to such guidance issued by the Scottish Ministers as to—

(a)the discharge of those functions; and

(b)such matters arising in connection with the discharge of those functions,

as the Scottish Ministers think fit.

Community reparation orders

120Community reparation orders

After section 245J of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 46) there shall be inserted—

Community reparation orders
245KCommunity reparation orders

(1)Where subsection (2) below applies, the court may, instead of imposing any sentence which, but for this subsection, it could impose, make a community reparation order in respect of a person (“the offender”).

(2)This subsection applies where—

(a)the offender is convicted in summary proceedings of an offence;

(b)at the time when he committed the offence, he was at least 12 years old;

(c)he committed the offence by engaging to any extent in antisocial behaviour; and

(d)in relation to the local authority that would be specified in the order, the Scottish Ministers have notified the court that the authority has made arrangements that would enable an order to be complied with.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (2)(c) above, a person engages in antisocial behaviour if he—

(a)acts in a manner that causes or is likely to cause alarm or distress; or

(b)pursues a course of conduct that causes or is likely to cause alarm or distress,

to at least one person who is not of the same household as him.

(4)A community reparation order is an order—

(a)requiring the specified local authority to appoint a supervising officer for the purposes of—

(i)determining which prescribed activities the offender should undertake for the specified number of hours (being at least 10 and not exceeding 100) during the period of 12 months beginning with the day on which the order is made;

(ii)determining at what times and in which localities he should undertake those activities; and

(iii)giving the offender directions during that period to undertake activities in accordance with determinations under sub-paragraphs (i) and (ii) above; and

(b)requiring the offender, during that period, to comply with those directions.

(5)In subsection (4) above—

  • “prescribed activities” means activities designed—

    (a)

    to enable reparation to be made (whether to a particular person or to a group of persons and whether such a person, or any person in the group, has been affected by the antisocial behaviour or otherwise) by persons who have engaged in antisocial behaviour; or

    (b)

    to reduce the likelihood of persons engaging in such behaviour,

    which are of such description as the Scottish Ministers may by regulations prescribe; and

  • “specified” means specified in the order.

(6)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make provision about determinations made, and directions given, by virtue of paragraph (a) of subsection (4) above.

(7)In giving directions by virtue of subsection (4)(a)(iii) above, a supervising officer shall, as far as practicable, avoid—

(a)any conflict with the offender’s religious beliefs;

(b)any interference with the times at which the offender normally works (or carries out voluntary work) or attends an educational establishment.

(8)Before making a community reparation order in respect of an offender, the court shall explain to him in ordinary language—

(a)the purpose and effect of the order;

(b)the consequences of failure to comply with the order; and

(c)the powers the court has under section 245P of this Act.

(9)For the purposes of any appeal or review, a community reparation order is a sentence.

(10)Regulations under subsections (5) and (6) above shall be made by statutory instrument; and any such instrument shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the Scottish Parliament.

245LCommunity reparation order: notification

Where the court makes a community reparation order it shall intimate the making of the order to—

(a)the offender;

(b)the chief social work officer of the local authority specified in the order; and

(c)where it is not the appropriate court, the clerk of the appropriate court.

245MFailure to comply with community reparation order: extension of 12 month period

Subject to sections 245N(4) and 245P(2)(c) and (d) of this Act, if—

(a)a community reparation order is made in respect of an offender; and

(b)the offender fails to comply with a direction given by the supervising officer appointed by virtue of the order,

then the order shall, notwithstanding section 245K(4)(a)(i), remain in force until the offender has complied with the direction.

245NFailure to comply with community reparation order: powers of court

(1)Subsection (2) below applies where—

(a)a community reparation order is made in respect of an offender; and

(b)on information from the offender’s supervising officer, it appears to the appropriate court that the offender has failed to comply with the order or any direction given under it.

(2)The court may issue—

(a)a warrant for the arrest of the offender; or

(b)a citation requiring the offender to appear before the court at such time as may be specified in the citation.

(3)The unified citation provisions shall apply in relation to a citation under this section as they apply in relation to a citation under section 216(3)(a) of this Act.

(4)If it is proved to the satisfaction of the court before which the offender is brought or appears in pursuance of subsection (2) above that the offender has failed without reasonable excuse to comply with the order or any direction given under it, the court may revoke the order and deal with the offender in any manner in which he could have been dealt with for the original offence if the order had not been made.

(5)The evidence of one witness shall, for the purposes of subsection (4) above, be sufficient evidence.

245PExtension, variation and revocation of order

(1)Subsection (2) below applies where a community reparation order is made in respect of an offender.

(2)On the application of the offender or the offender’s supervising officer, the appropriate court may, if it appears to it that it would be in the interests of justice to do so having regard to circumstances which have arisen since the order was made—

(a)extend, in relation to the order, the period of 12 months specified in section 245K(4)(a)(i) of this Act;

(b)vary the numbers of hours specified in the order;

(c)revoke the order; or

(d)revoke the order and deal with the offender in any manner in which he could have been dealt with for the original offence if the order had not been made.

(3)If the court proposes to exercise its powers under subsection (2)(a), (b) or (d) above otherwise than on the application of the offender, it shall issue a citation requiring the offender to appear before the court at such time as may be specified in the citation and, if he fails to appear, may issue a warrant for his arrest.

(4)The unified citation provisions shall apply in relation to a citation under this section as they apply in relation to a citation under section 216(3)(a) of this Act.

245QSections 245L, 245N and 245P: meaning of “appropriate court”

In sections 245L, 245N and 245P of this Act, “appropriate court”, in relation to a community reparation order, means the court having jurisdiction in the area of the local authority specified in the order, being a sheriff or district court according to whether the order is made by a sheriff or district court (except that, in the case where an order is made by a district court and there is no district court in that area, it means the sheriff)..

Restriction of liberty orders

121Restriction of liberty orders

(1)Section 245A of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 46) (restriction of liberty orders) shall be amended in accordance with subsections (2) and (3).

(2)In subsection (1), the words “of 16 years of age or more” are repealed.

(3)After subsection (11), there shall be inserted—

(11A)A court shall not make a restriction of liberty order in respect of an offender who is under 16 years of age unless, having obtained a report on the offender from the local authority in whose area he resides, it is satisfied as to the services which the authority will provide for his support and rehabilitation during the period when he is subject to the order..

Sale of spray paint to children

122Offence of selling spray paint to child

(1)A person who sells to a person under the age of 16 a spray paint device shall be guilty of an offence.

(2)In subsection (1), “spray paint device” means a device which—

(a)contains paint stored under pressure; and

(b)is designed to permit the release of the paint as a spray.

(3)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(4)It shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (1) to show that the person took all reasonable precautions and exercised all due diligence to avoid the commission of the offence.

123Requirement to display warning statement

(1)A notice displaying the statement—

It is illegal to sell a spray paint device to anyone under the age of 16

shall be exhibited at an appropriate place at every premises at which spray paint devices are sold by retail.

(2)In subsection (1), “appropriate place” means a prominent position where the statement is readily visible to persons at the point of sale of spray paint devices.

(3)The dimensions of the notice to be exhibited in accordance with subsection (1), and the size of the statement to be displayed on it, shall be such as may be prescribed by regulations made by the Scottish Ministers.

(4)Where—

(a)a person carries on a business involving the retail of spray paint devices at any premises; and

(b)no notice is exhibited in accordance with subsection (1) at those premises,

that person shall be guilty of an offence.

(5)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (4) shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 2 on the standard scale.

(6)It shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (4) to show that the person took all reasonable precautions and exercised all due diligence to avoid the commission of the offence.

(7)Where an offence under subsection (4) is committed by a body corporate and is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of, or to be attributable to, any neglect on the part of, any director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate or any person who was purporting to act in any such capacity, that person as well as the body corporate shall be guilty of that offence.

(8)In subsection (7), “director”, in relation to a body corporate whose affairs are managed by its members, means a member of the body corporate.

(9)Where an offence under subsection (4) is committed by a Scottish partnership and is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of, or to be attributable to any neglect on the part of, a partner, that partner as well as the partnership shall be guilty of that offence.

(10)In this section—

  • “premises” includes—

    (a)

    any place; and

    (b)

    any vehicle, vessel, aircraft, hovercraft, stall or moveable structure; and

  • “spray paint device” has (except where it appears in the statement set out in subsection (1)) the same meaning as in section 122(1).

124Offences under sections 122 and 123: enforcement

(1)A local authority shall, within its area, enforce sections 122 and 123.

(2)Subsection (1) does not authorise a local authority to institute proceedings for an offence under section 122(1) or 123(4).

125Offences under sections 122 and 123: powers of entry, inspection and seizure

(1)Subject to subsection (3), an authorised officer of a local authority may at any reasonable hour exercise any of the powers conferred by subsections (4) to (7).

(2)In subsection (1), “authorised officer”, in relation to a local authority, means an officer of the authority authorised in writing by it for the purposes of this section.

(3)An officer seeking to exercise a power mentioned in subsection (1) shall, if requested, produce evidence of identity and authorisation.

(4)The officer may, for the purpose of ascertaining whether a relevant offence has been committed—

(a)inspect any goods; and

(b)enter any premises (other than premises used only as a dwelling).

(5)If the officer has reasonable cause to suspect that a relevant offence has been committed, the officer may, for the purpose of ascertaining whether it has been committed—

(a)require any person carrying on, or employed in connection with, a business, to produce any records relating to the business; and

(b)take copies of, or of any entry in, any records produced by virtue of paragraph (a).

(6)If the officer has reasonable cause to believe that a relevant offence has been committed, the officer may, for the purpose of ascertaining, by testing or otherwise, whether it has been committed, seize and detain any goods.

(7)The officer may seize and detain any goods or records which the officer has reason to believe may be required as evidence in proceedings for a relevant offence.

(8)In this section, “relevant offence” means an offence under section 122(1) or 123(4).

Seizure of vehicles

126Vehicles used in manner causing alarm, distress or annoyance

(1)Where—

(a)regulations under section 127 are in force; and

(b)subsection (2) applies,

a constable in uniform may exercise the powers mentioned in subsection (3).

(2)This subsection applies where the constable has reasonable grounds for believing that a motor vehicle—

(a)is being used on any occasion in a manner which—

(i)contravenes section 3 or 34 of the Road Traffic Act 1988 (c. 52) (careless and inconsiderate driving and prohibition of off-road driving); and

(ii)is causing, or is likely to cause, alarm, distress or annoyance to members of the public; or

(b)has been used on any occasion in a manner which—

(i)contravened either of those sections of that Act; and

(ii)caused, or was likely to cause, such alarm, distress or annoyance.

(3)The powers are—

(a)if the motor vehicle is moving, power to order the person driving it to stop the vehicle;

(b)subject to subsection (4), power to seize and remove the motor vehicle;

(c)for the purposes of exercising a power falling within paragraph (a) or (b), power to enter any premises (other than a private dwelling house) on which the constable has reasonable grounds for believing the motor vehicle to be;

(d)power to use reasonable force, if necessary, in the exercise of a power conferred by any of paragraphs (a) to (c).

(4)Subject to subsection (5), the constable shall not seize the motor vehicle unless—

(a)where the case falls within subsection (2)(a)—

(i)the constable has warned the person who is using the motor vehicle in the manner mentioned in that subsection that if the use continues the constable will seize the vehicle; and

(ii)it appears to the constable that, after the warning, the use has continued; or

(b)where the case falls within subsection (2)(b)—

(i)the constable has warned the person who used the motor vehicle in the manner mentioned in that subsection that if the use is repeated, the constable will seize the vehicle; and

(ii)it appears to the constable that, after the warning, the use has been repeated.

(5)Subsection (4) does not require a warning to be given by a constable on any occasion on which the constable would otherwise have the power to seize a motor vehicle under this section if—

(a)the circumstances make it impracticable for the constable to give the warning;

(b)the constable has already on that occasion given a warning under that subsection in respect of any use of that motor vehicle or of another motor vehicle by that person or any other person; or

(c)the constable has reasonable grounds for believing—

(i)that such a warning has been given on that occasion otherwise than by that constable; or

(ii)that the person whose use of that motor vehicle on that occasion would justify the seizure is a person to whom a warning under that subsection has been given (whether or not by that constable or in respect of the same vehicle or the same or a similar use) on a previous occasion in the previous 12 months.

(6)A person who fails to comply with an order under subsection (3)(a) shall be guilty of an offence.

(7)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (6) shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(8)In this section—

  • “driving” has the same meaning as in the Road Traffic Act 1988 (c. 52);

  • “motor vehicle” means any mechanically propelled vehicle, whether or not it is intended or adapted for use on roads; and

  • “private dwelling house” does not include—

    (a)

    any garage or other structure occupied with the dwelling house; or

    (b)

    any land appurtenant to the dwelling house.

127Retention etc. of vehicles seized under section 126

(1)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make provision as to—

(a)the removal and retention of motor vehicles seized under section 126; and

(b)the release or disposal of such vehicles.

(2)Regulations under subsection (1) may in particular make provision for or in connection with—

(a)the giving of notice of the seizure of a motor vehicle under section 126 to a person who—

(i)is the owner of that vehicle; or

(ii)in accordance with the regulations, appears to be its owner;

(b)the procedure by which a person who claims to be the owner of a motor vehicle seized under section 126 may seek to have it released;

(c)requiring the payment of fees, charges or other costs in relation to—

(i)the removal and retention of such a motor vehicle; and

(ii)any application for its release;

(d)the circumstances in which a motor vehicle seized under section 126 may be disposed of;

(e)the delivery to a local authority, in circumstances prescribed by or determined in accordance with the regulations, of any motor vehicle seized under section 126.

(3)Regulations under subsection (1) shall provide that a person who would otherwise be liable to pay any fee or charge under the regulations shall not be liable to pay it if—

(a)the use by reference to which the motor vehicle concerned was seized was not a use by that person; and

(b)the person—

(i)did not know of the use of the vehicle in the manner that led to its seizure;

(ii)had not consented to its use in that manner; and

(iii)could not, by the taking of reasonable steps, have prevented its use in that manner.

(4)In this section, “motor vehicle” has the same meaning as in section 126.

Part 11Fixed penalties

Offences to which this Part applies

128Fixed penalty offences

(1)For the purposes of this Part “fixed penalty offence” means—

(a)an offence under an enactment mentioned in the first column in Part 1 of the following table and described, in general terms, in the second column in that Part;

(b)an offence created in subordinate legislation made under an enactment mentioned in the first column in Part 2 of the table which is of the general description mentioned in the second column in that Part; and

(c)a common law offence mentioned in Part 3 of the table.

Table
Part 1
EnactmentDescription of offence
Section 78 of the Licensing (Scotland) Act 1976 (c. 66)Riotous behaviour while drunk in licensed premises
Section 79 of the Licensing (Scotland) Act 1976 (c. 66)Refusing to leave licensed premises on being requested to do so
Section 47 of the Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982 (c. 45)Urinating or defecating in circumstances causing annoyance to others
Section 50(1) of the Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982 (c. 45)Being drunk and incapable in a public place
Section 50(2) of the Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982 (c. 45)Being drunk in a public place in charge of a child
Section 54(1) of the Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982 (c. 45)Persisting, to annoyance of others, in playing musical instruments, singing, playing radios etc. on being required to stop
Section 52(1) of the Criminal Law (Consolidation) (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 39)Vandalism
Part 2
EnactmentDescription of offence
Sections 201 and 203 of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 (c. 65)Consuming alcoholic liquor in a publicPlace
Part 3
Common law offence
Breach of the peace
Malicious mischief

(2)The Scottish Ministers may by order—

(a)amend an entry in the table;

(b)add an entry to the table;

(c)remove an entry from the table.

(3)An order under subsection (2) may make such amendment of any provision of this Part as the Scottish Ministers consider appropriate in consequence of any amendment of, or addition to or removal from, the table made by the order.

Fixed penalty notices and penalties

129Fixed penalty notices

(1)A constable who has reason to believe that a person aged 16 or over has committed a fixed penalty offence in a prescribed area may give the person a fixed penalty notice in respect of the offence.

(2)In subsection (1)—

  • “fixed penalty notice” means a notice offering the opportunity, by paying a fixed penalty in accordance with this Part, to discharge any liability to be convicted of the offence to which the notice relates; and

  • “prescribed area” means an area prescribed by the Scottish Ministers by regulations.

130Amount of fixed penalty and form of fixed penalty notice

(1)Subject to subsection (2), the penalty payable in respect of a fixed penalty offence is such amount as the Scottish Ministers may specify by order.

(2)The Scottish Ministers may not specify an amount exceeding level 2 on the standard scale.

(3)A fixed penalty notice shall—

(a)state the alleged offence;

(b)give such particulars of the circumstances alleged to constitute the offence as are necessary to provide reasonable information about it;

(c)state the amount of the fixed penalty;

(d)state the clerk of the district court to whom, and the address at which, the fixed penalty may be paid;

(e)inform the person to whom it is given of the right to ask to be tried for the alleged offence and explain how that right may be exercised; and

(f)include such other information as the Scottish Ministers may by order prescribe.

131Effect of fixed penalty notice

(1)This section applies if a fixed penalty notice is given to a person (“A”) under section 129.

(2)Subject to subsection (3), proceedings may not be brought against A.

(3)If A asks to be tried for the alleged offence, proceedings may be brought against A.

(4)Such a request shall be made by a notice given by A—

(a)in the manner specified in the fixed penalty notice; and

(b)before the end of the period of 28 days beginning with the day on which the notice is given.

(5)If, by the end of the period mentioned in paragraph (b) of subsection (4)—

(a)the fixed penalty has not been paid in accordance with this Part; and

(b)A has not made a request in accordance with that subsection,

then A is liable to pay to the clerk of the district court specified in the fixed penalty notice a sum equal to one and a half times the amount of the fixed penalty.

(6)A sum for which A is liable by virtue of subsection (5) shall be treated as if it were a fine imposed by the district court specified in the fixed penalty notice.

132Payment of fixed penalty

(1)The fixed penalty stated in a fixed penalty notice is payable to the clerk of the district court specified in the notice.

(2)Payment of the penalty may be made by properly addressing, pre-paying and posting a letter containing the amount of the penalty (in cash or otherwise).

(3)Subsection (4) applies if a person—

(a)claims to have made payment in accordance with subsection (2); and

(b)shows that a letter was posted.

(4)Unless the contrary is proved, payment is to be regarded as being made at the time at which the letter would be delivered in the ordinary course of post.

(5)Subsection (2) is not to be read as preventing the payment of a penalty by other means.

(6)Any sum received by the clerk of a district court by virtue of subsection (1) or section 131(5) shall be treated as if it were a fine imposed by that court.

(7)A letter is properly addressed for the purposes of subsection (2) if it is addressed in accordance with the requirements specified in the fixed penalty notice.

Revocation of fixed penalty notices

133Revocation of fixed penalty notices

(1)If—

(a)a fixed penalty notice is given to a person under section 129; and

(b)a constable determines that either of the conditions mentioned in subsection (2) is satisfied,

the constable may revoke the notice.

(2)Those conditions are—

(a)that the offence to which the fixed penalty notice relates was not committed; and

(b)that the notice ought not to have been issued to the person named as the person to whom it was issued.

(3)Where a fixed penalty notice is revoked—

(a)no amount shall be payable by way of fixed penalty in pursuance of that notice; and

(b)any amount paid by way of fixed penalty in pursuance of that notice shall be repaid to the person who paid it.

Interpretation

134Interpretation of Part 11

In this Part—

  • “fixed penalty notice” has the meaning given by section 129(2); and

  • “fixed penalty offence” has the meaning given in section 128(1).

Part 12Children’s hearings

Supervision requirements

135Supervision requirements: conditions restricting movement

(1)Section 70 of the Children (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 36) (supervision requirements) shall be amended in accordance with subsections (2) to (4).

(2)For subsection (9) there shall be substituted—

(9)A children’s hearing may exercise a power mentioned in subsection (9A) below in relation to a child if they are satisfied—

(a)that one of the conditions mentioned in subsection (10) below is met; and

(b)that it is necessary to exercise the power concerned.

(9A)The powers are—

(a)that the children’s hearing may specify in the supervision requirement that the child shall be liable to be placed and kept in secure accommodation in a residential establishment specified, under subsection (3)(a) above, in the requirement, during such period as the person in charge of that establishment, with the agreement of the chief social work officer of the relevant local authority, considers necessary; and

(b)that the children’s hearing may impose, under subsection (3)(b) above, a movement restriction condition..

(3)For subsection (10) there shall be substituted—

(10)The conditions are—

(a)that the child, having previously absconded, is likely to abscond and, if he absconds, it is likely that his physical, mental or moral welfare will be at risk; and

(b)that the child is likely to injure himself or some other person..

(4)After subsection (10) there shall be added—

(11)In this section, “movement restriction condition” means a condition—

(a)restricting the child’s movements in such way as may be specified in the supervision requirement; and

(b)requiring the child to comply with such arrangements for monitoring compliance with the restriction mentioned in paragraph (a) above as may be so specified.

(12)Where a children’s hearing impose a condition such as is mentioned in subsection (9A)(b) above, they shall also impose under subsection (3)(b) above such of the conditions prescribed by the Scottish Ministers for the purposes of this section as they consider necessary in the child’s case.

(13)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make provision as to the arrangements mentioned in subsection (11)(b) above.

(14)Regulations under subsection (13) above may in particular include provision—

(a)prescribing what method or methods of monitoring compliance with the restriction mentioned in paragraph (a) of subsection (11) above may be specified in a supervision requirement;

(b)specifying the devices which may be used for the purpose of that monitoring;

(c)prescribing the person who may be designated by a children’s hearing to carry out that monitoring or the class or description of person from which that person may be drawn;

(d)requiring a children’s hearing who have designated a person in pursuance of paragraph (c) above who is no longer within the provision made under that paragraph to vary the designation accordingly and notify the child of the variation.

(15)The Scottish Ministers may, by contract or otherwise, secure the services of such persons as they think fit to carry out the monitoring mentioned in subsection (11)(b) above and may do so in a way in which those services are provided differently in relation to different areas or different forms of that monitoring.

(16)Nothing in any enactment or rule of law prevents the disclosure to a person providing services in pursuance of subsection (15) above of information relating to a child where the disclosure is made for the purposes only of the full and proper provision of the monitoring mentioned in subsection (11)(b) above.

(17)A children’s hearing may include in a supervision requirement a movement restriction condition only if the hearing is constituted from the children’s panel for a local government area which is prescribed for the purposes of this section by the Scottish Ministers..

136Supervision requirements: duties of local authorities

(1)In section 70 of the Children (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 36) (supervision requirements)—

(a)after subsection (3) there shall be inserted—

(3A)A children’s hearing may, for the purpose of enabling a child to comply with a supervision requirement, impose such duties on the relevant local authority as may be specified in the supervision requirement.

(3B)The duties imposed under subsection (3A) above may include that of securing or facilitating the provision for the child of services of a kind other than that provided by the relevant local authority.; and

(b)after subsection (7) there shall be inserted—

(7A)Where, on a review under subsection (7) above, it appears to the children’s hearing that the relevant local authority are in breach of a duty imposed on them under section 71 of this Act, the hearing may direct the Principal Reporter to give the authority notice of an intended application under section 71A(2) of this Act.

(7B)The Principal Reporter shall, at the same time as giving the notice of an intended application under section 71A(2) of this Act, send a copy of the notice to—

(a)the child to whom the duty referred to in subsection (7A) above relates;

(b)any person who, in relation to the child, is a relevant person;

(c)any person appointed under section 41 of this Act to safeguard the interests of the child in any proceedings which are taking place when the notice is given.

(7C)Notice of an intended application under section 71A(2) of this Act is a written notice—

(a)setting out the respects in which the relevant local authority are in breach of the duty imposed on them under section 71 of this Act; and

(b)stating that if the authority do not comply with that duty within the period of 21 days beginning with the day on which they received the notice, the Principal Reporter may make an application under section 71A(2) of this Act.

(7D)Where a children’s hearing have made a direction under subsection (7A) above, they shall determine that a further review under subsection (7) above take place on or as soon as is reasonably practicable after the expiry of the period of 28 days beginning with the day on which notice was given in pursuance of that direction.

(7E)Where on a further review under subsection (7) above which takes place by virtue of subsection (7D) above, it appears to the children’s hearing that the relevant local authority continues to be in breach of the duty referred to in subsection (7A) above, the hearing may authorise the Principal Reporter to make an application under section 71A(2) of this Act..

(2)In section 71 of that Act (duties of local authority with respect to supervision requirements), after subsection (1) there shall be inserted—

(1A)Where a supervision requirement imposes, under section 70(3A) of this Act, duties on the relevant local authority, the authority shall perform those duties..

(3)After that section, there shall be inserted—

71AEnforcement of local authorities' duties under section 71

(1)The sheriff principal may, on an application under subsection (2) below, make an order requiring a relevant local authority in breach of a duty imposed on them under section 71 of this Act to perform that duty.

(2)The Principal Reporter, having been so authorised by a children’s hearing under section 70(7E) of this Act, may apply for an order under subsection (1) above.

(3)No such application shall be competent unless—

(a)the Principal Reporter has, on a direction of the children’s hearing made under section 70(7A) of this Act, given the relevant local authority the notice referred to in that provision; and

(b)the authority have failed to comply, within the period stipulated in the notice, with the duty there referred to.

(4)In deciding whether to apply under subsection (2) above, the Principal Reporter shall not take into account any factor relating to the adequacy of the means available to the relevant local authority to enable it to comply with the duty.

(5)An application under subsection (2) above shall be made by summary application.

(6)The sheriff principal having jurisdiction under this section is the sheriff principal of the sheriffdom in which is situated the principal office of the relevant local authority in breach of the duty referred to in subsection (1) above.

(7)An order under subsection (1) above shall be final..

Failure to provide education for excluded pupils

137Failure to provide education for excluded pupils: reference

(1)The Children (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 36) shall be amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (4) of section 56 (steps where no reference to children’s hearing)—

(a)the word “and” where it occurs immediately after paragraph (a) shall be repealed; and

(b)after paragraph (b) there shall be inserted ; and

(c)he may, where it appears to him that—

(i)an education authority have a duty under section 14(3) of the Education (Scotland) Act 1980 (c. 44) in relation to the child; and

(ii)the authority are not complying with that duty,

refer the matter to the Scottish Ministers.

(4A)A reference made under subsection (4)(c) above shall be in writing.

(4B)A copy of a reference made under subsection (4)(c) above shall be sent by the Principal Reporter to the education authority in respect of which the reference is made..

(3)After section 75 there shall be inserted—

Failure to provide education for excluded pupils
75BFailure to provide education for excluded pupils: reference to Scottish Ministers

(1)Where it appears to the children’s hearing to whom a child’s case has been referred under section 65(1) of this Act that—

(a)an education authority have a duty under section 14(3) of the Education (Scotland) Act 1980 (c. 44) in relation to the child; and

(b)the authority are not complying with that duty,

they may require the Principal Reporter to refer the matter to the Scottish Ministers.

(2)The Principal Reporter shall comply with any requirement made under subsection (1) above.

(3)A reference made by virtue of subsection (1) above shall be in writing.

(4)A copy of a reference made by virtue of subsection (1) above shall be sent by the Principal Reporter to the education authority in respect of which the reference is made..

(4)In subsection (1) of section 93 (interpretation of Part II), after the definition of “disabled” there shall be inserted—

“education authority” has the meaning given by section 135(1) of the Education (Scotland) Act 1980 (c. 44);.

Part 13Miscellaneous and general

Miscellaneous

138Privacy of certain proceedings

(1)Subject to subsection (2)—

(a)proceedings mentioned in subsection (4) shall be conducted and determined in private; and

(b)no person other than a person whose presence is necessary for their proper consideration shall be present.

(2)The court before which particular proceedings are taking place may direct that the proceedings—

(a)shall take place in public; or

(b)shall take place in the presence of such additional persons as the court may direct.

(3)A direction under subsection (2) may be given in respect of the whole, or any part, of proceedings.

(4)The proceedings referred to in subsection (1) are—

(a)proceedings before a sheriff on an application for—

(i)an order under section 4(1) in respect of a child;

(ii)the variation, or revocation, under section 5(1) of such an order;

(iii)an order under section 102(1); or

(iv)the variation, or revocation, under section 105(1) of an order made under section 13(1) or 102(1);

(b)proceedings before a sheriff for the purpose of considering whether—

(i)to make an order under section 7(2) in respect of a child;

(ii)to recall such an order;

(iii)to make a requirement under section 12(1);

(iv)to make an order under section 13(1); or

(v)to make an order under section 105(5); and

(c)an appeal arising from proceedings mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b).

139Disclosure and sharing of information

(1)Where subsection (2) applies, any person who, apart from this subsection—

(a)would not have power to disclose information to a relevant authority; or

(b)would be by virtue of any enactment (including subsection (3)) or rule of law susceptible to a sanction or other remedy if the person disclosed the information,

shall have that power or shall not be susceptible to that sanction or remedy.

(2)This subsection applies if the disclosure is necessary or expedient for the purposes of any provision of—

(a)this Act; or

(b)any other enactment the purpose of which is to make provision for or in connection with antisocial behaviour or its effects.

(3)Subject to subsection (4), where—

(a)by virtue of subsection (1) a person discloses to a relevant authority information in respect of which the person is subject to a duty of confidentiality; and

(b)on disclosing the information, the person informs the authority of the breach of the duty,

the authority shall not disclose the information.

(4)Subsection (3) shall not prevent disclosure in any case where disclosure is permitted or required by virtue of any enactment or rule of law.

(5)In subsections (1) and (3), “relevant authority” means—

(a)a local authority;

(b)a chief constable;

(c)the Principal Reporter;

(d)a registered social landlord;

(e)an authority administering housing benefit;

(f)a person providing services relating to housing benefit to, or authorised to discharge any function relating to housing benefit of—

(i)a local authority; or

(ii)an authority administering housing benefit.

(6)Any person who, by virtue of this Act, must or may provide information or who provides or receives information for the purposes of any provision of this Act shall have regard to any relevant guidance given by the Scottish Ministers.

(7)The Scottish Ministers may, by order, modify the meaning of “relevant authority” in subsection (5).

140Equal opportunities

(1)Any person discharging a function by virtue of this Act shall discharge that function in a manner that encourages equal opportunities and in particular the observance of the equal opportunity requirements.

(2)In subsection (1), “equal opportunities” and “equal opportunity requirements” have the same meanings as in Section L2 of Part II of Schedule 5 to the Scotland Act 1998 (c. 46).

General

141Orders and regulations

(1)Any power conferred by this Act on the Scottish Ministers to make orders or regulations shall be exercisable by statutory instrument.

(2)Any power conferred by this Act on the Scottish Ministers to make orders or regulations—

(a)may be exercised so as to make different provision for different cases or descriptions of case or for different purposes; and

(b)includes power to make such incidental, supplementary, consequential, transitory, transitional or saving provision as the Scottish Ministers consider appropriate.

(3)A statutory instrument containing an order or regulations made under this Act (other than an order under section 145(2)) shall, subject to subsection (4), be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the Scottish Parliament.

(4)A statutory instrument containing—

(a)an order under section 53(1), 59(1), 68(6), 83(7), 103(3), 128(2) or 139(7); or

(b)regulations under section 26(2),

shall not be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before, and approved by resolution of, the Scottish Parliament.

142Directions

(1)Any power conferred by virtue of this Act on the Scottish Ministers to give a direction shall include power to vary or revoke the direction.

(2)Any direction given by virtue of this Act by the Scottish Ministers shall be in writing.

143Interpretation: “antisocial behaviour” and other expressions

(1)For the purposes of this Act (other than Parts 7 and 8), a person (“A”) engages in antisocial behaviour if A—

(a)acts in a manner that causes or is likely to cause alarm or distress; or

(b)pursues a course of conduct that causes or is likely to cause alarm or distress,

to at least one person who is not of the same household as A; and “antisocial behaviour” shall be construed accordingly.

(2)In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires—

  • “conduct” includes speech; and a course of conduct must involve conduct on at least two occasions;

  • “local authority” means a council constituted under section 2 of the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994 (c. 39); and “area”, in relation to a local authority, means the local government area (within the meaning of that Act) for which the council is constituted;

  • “registered social landlord” means a body registered in the register maintained under section 57 of the Housing (Scotland) Act 2001 (asp 10); and

  • “senior police officer” has the meaning given by section 19(1).

144Minor and consequential amendments and repeals

(1)Schedule 4 (which contains minor amendments and amendments consequential on the provisions of this Act) shall have effect.

(2)The enactments mentioned in the first column in schedule 5 (which include enactments that are spent) are repealed to the extent set out in the second column.

145Short title and commencement

(1)This Act may be cited as the Antisocial Behaviour etc. (Scotland) Act 2004.

(2)This Act (other than this section and section 141) shall come into force on such day as the Scottish Ministers may by order appoint.

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