Search Legislation

Convention Rights (Compliance) (Scotland) Act 2001

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

PART 1PRISONERS AND PAROLE

1Release of life prisoners

(1)The Prisoners and Criminal Proceedings (Scotland) Act 1993 (c. 9) (in this Act, “the 1993 Act”) is amended as follows.

(2)In section 1 (release of short-term, long-term and life prisoners), subsections (4) to (7) are repealed.

(3)In section 2 (duty to release discretionary life prisoners)—

(a)in subsection (1)—

(i)the word “designated” is repealed;

(ii)after paragraph (a) there is inserted, or

(aa)sentenced to life imprisonment for murder or for any other offence for which that sentence is the sentence fixed by law;; and

(iii)paragraph (c) and the word “or” immediately preceding it are repealed;

(b)in subsection (2)—

(i)the word “designated” where it first occurs is repealed;

(ii)for “the designated part” there is substituted “the punishment part”;

(iii)after “appropriate” where it first occurs there is inserted “to satisfy the requirements for retribution and deterrence (ignoring the period of confinement, if any, which may be necessary for the protection of the public),”;

(iv)for “associated with it” there is substituted “of which the life prisoner is convicted on the same indictment as that offence”;

(v)after paragraph (a) there is inserted—

(aa)in the case of a life prisoner to whom paragraph (a) of subsection (1) above applies—

(i)the period of imprisonment, if any, which the court considers would have been appropriate for the offence had the court not sentenced the prisoner to imprisonment for life for it;

(ii)the part of that period of imprisonment which the court considers would satisfy the requirements of retribution and deterrence (ignoring the period of confinement, if any, which may be necessary for the protection of the public); and

(iii)the proportion of the part mentioned in sub-paragraph (ii) above which a prisoner sentenced to it would or might serve before being released, whether unconditionally or on licence, under section 1 of this Act;; and

(vi)in paragraph (b), the word “designated” is repealed;

(c)for subsection (3) there is substituted—

(3)A court which imposes life imprisonment for an offence such as is mentioned in subsection (1) above shall make such order as is mentioned in subsection (2) above and such order shall constitute part of a person’s sentence within the meaning of the 1995 Act for the purposes of any appeal or review.

(3A)An order such as is mentioned in subsection (2) above—

(a)shall specify the period that the court considers appropriate under that subsection in years and months; and

(b)may specify any such period of years and months notwithstanding the likelihood that such a period will exceed the remainder of the prisoner’s natural life.;

(d)in subsection (4), the word “designated” is repealed;

(e)after subsection (5) there is inserted—

(5A)Where, on the disposal of any reference of a life prisoner’s case under section 28(4) of the 1989 Act, under subsection (5)(a) above, subsection (5C) or (6) below or section 17(3) of this Act or under paragraph 34, 38 or 42 of the schedule to the Convention Rights (Compliance) (Scotland) Act 2001 (asp 7), the Parole Board declines to direct that the prisoner be released on licence, it shall—

(a)give the prisoner reasons in writing for the decision not to direct his release on licence; and

(b)fix the date when it will next consider the prisoner’s case under this section, being a date not later than two years after the date of its decision to decline to direct the release of the prisoner.

(5B)The Scottish Ministers shall refer the case of a life prisoner to the Parole Board so as to enable it to consider the case on the date fixed by the Board under subsection (5A)(b) above.

(5C)The Parole Board, at the request of a life prisoner in respect of whom it has, under subsection (5A)(b) above, fixed the date of the next consideration of his case, may direct the Scottish Ministers to refer that case to the Board before that date.;

(f)in subsection (6), the word “designated” and the words “at any time” are repealed;

(g)after subsection (6) there is inserted—

(6A)The Scottish Ministers shall not refer the case of a life prisoner to the Parole Board under subsection (6) above if—

(a)they have previously so referred his case to the Board under that subsection;

(b)they have referred his case to the Board without the prisoner requiring them to do so under that subsection; or

(c)the Parole Board has, on a reference to it under section 28(4) of the 1989 Act, under section 17(3) of this Act or under paragraph 34, 38 or 42 of the schedule to the Convention Rights (Compliance) (Scotland) Act 2001 (asp 7), declined to direct that the prisoner be released on licence.;

(h)in subsection (7), paragraph (b) is repealed;

(i)in subsection (8)—

(i)the word “designated” where it first occurs is repealed; and

(ii)for “designated” where it second occurs there is substituted “punishment”; and

(j)in subsection (9)—

(i)paragraph (a) is repealed; and

(ii)in paragraph (b), for “designated” there is substituted “punishment”.

(4)In section 6 (application of Part I of the Act to young offenders and to children detained without limit of time), subsections (2) and (3) are repealed.

(5)In section 17 (revocation of licence)—

(a)in subsection (2), the words from “and” to the end are repealed;

(b)in subsection (3), for paragraphs (a) and (b) there is substituted “a person recalled under subsection (1) above”; and

(c)after subsection (4) there is inserted—

(4AA)Where the Parole Board directs the release of a prisoner under subsection (4) above it may recommend that the Scottish Ministers insert, vary or cancel conditions in the prisoner’s licence..

(6)In section 27 (interpretation), in subsection (1), the definition of “discretionary life prisoner” is repealed.

(7)In Schedule 6 (transitional provisions and savings)—

(a)in paragraph 6—

(i)in sub-paragraph (2), for “sections 1(4) and 2(9)” there is substituted “section 2(9)”;

(ii)in each of sub-paragraphs (2)(a) and (3)(a), the word “designated” is repealed; and

(iii)in each of sub-paragraphs (2)(b) and (3)(b), for “designated” there is substituted “punishment”; and

(b)in paragraph 6A(2)—

(i)the word “designated” where it first occurs is repealed; and

(ii)for “designated” where it second occurs there is substituted “punishment”.

(8)In section 16 (designated life prisoners) of the Crime and Punishment (Scotland) Act 1997 (c. 48)

(a)in subsection (3)—

(i)for “sections 1(4) and 2(9)” there is substituted “section 2(9)”;

(ii)in paragraph (a), the word “designated” is repealed; and

(iii)in paragraph (b), for “designated” there is substituted “punishment”; and

(b)in subsection (4)—

(i)in paragraph (a), the word “designated” is repealed; and

(ii)in paragraph (b), for “designated” there is substituted “punishment”.

2Amendment of Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995

(1)In section 205 (punishment for murder) of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 46) (in this Act, “the 1995 Act”)—

(a)in subsection (1), after “subsections (2) and (3)” there is inserted “and section 205D”; and

(b)subsections (4) to (6) are repealed.

(2)After section 205 of the 1995 Act there is inserted—

205DOnly one sentence of imprisonment for life to be imposed in any proceedings

Where a person is convicted on the same indictment of more than one offence for which the court must impose or would, apart from this section, have imposed a sentence of imprisonment for life, only one such sentence shall be imposed in respect of those offences..

3Amendment of provisions relating to transferred life prisoners

(1)In section 10 (life prisoners transferred to Scotland) of the 1993 Act—

(a)for subsection (1) there is substituted—

(1)This Part of this Act, except section 2(9), shall apply to a transferred life prisoner (whether transferred before or after the commencement of this enactment or section 3 of the Convention Rights (Compliance) (Scotland) Act 2001 (asp 7)) who is a life prisoner—

(a)transferred from England and Wales and to whom—

(i)section 28(1)(a) (duty to release certain life prisoners) of the Crime (Sentences) Act 1997 (c. 43) (in this section, “the 1997 Act”) applies and in respect of whom the court has made an order under section 28(2)(b) of that Act; or

(ii)section 82A (determination of tariffs) of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 (c. 6) (in this section, “the 2000 Act”) applies and in respect of whom the court has made an order under section 82A(2) of that Act;

(b)transferred from the Isle of Man and to whom paragraph 4(1) (discretionary life detainees) of Schedule 2 to the Custody Act 1995 (c. 1) applies (that Act being an Act of the Tynwald of the Isle of Man to re-enact with amendments certain enactments relating to the custody of offenders and others; to make fresh provision for such custody; and for connected purposes: in this section “the Isle of Man Custody Act”); or

(c)transferred from Northern Ireland and to whom a provision such as is mentioned in subsection (1A) below applies,

as if the prisoner were a life prisoner within the meaning of section 2 of this Act and the punishment part of his sentence within the meaning of that section were the relevant part specified in an order made under the said section 28(2)(b) or 82A(2) or paragraph 4(1) or made under a provision such as is mentioned in subsection (1A) below, as the case may be.

(1A)The provision referred to in paragraph (c) of subsection (1) above is—

(a)a provision made by Order in Council under section 85 (provisions dealing with certain reserved matters) of the Northern Ireland Act 1998 (c. 47), where that provision is to the effect that a court in Northern Ireland sentencing a person to imprisonment for life may make an order that early release provisions shall apply to the person as soon as he has served the part of his sentence specified in the order; or

(b)any provision to that effect, including one made as described in paragraph (a) above, identified by the Scottish Ministers by order made by statutory instrument.;

(b)for subsection (2) there is substituted the following—

(2)In the case of any other transferred life prisoner, being one whose transfer occurred after the coming into force of section 3 of the Convention Rights (Compliance) (Scotland) Act 2001 (asp 7), subsection (3) below applies where the court, following a hearing under subsection (2J) below, makes an order under that subsection specifying a part of the sentence which the court considers would have been specified as the punishment part under subsection (2) of section 2 of this Act if—

(a)the prisoner had been sentenced for the offence in Scotland; and

(b)that section (as amended by section 3 of the Convention Rights (Compliance) (Scotland) Act 2001) had been in force at the time when the prisoner was sentenced.

(2A)The Scottish Ministers shall, as soon as reasonably practicable after the transferred life prisoner is transferred to Scotland, refer the case of the transferred life prisoner to the High Court of Justiciary for a hearing under subsection (2J) below.

(2B)The Scottish Ministers shall not so refer the case of a transferred life prisoner if the prisoner—

(a)has, under subsection (2C) below, waived the entitlement to such a hearing; or

(b)has served the part of the sentence specified in the certificate or direction referred to in subsection (2D) below.

(2C)A transferred life prisoner in respect of whom a certificate or direction referred to in subsection (2D) below has been issued or made may waive the entitlement to a hearing under subsection (2J) below provided—

(a)the prisoner has had independent legal advice or has declined such advice; and

(b)a copy in writing of the waiver is sent to the Scottish Ministers.

(2D)The certificate or direction referred to in subsection (2B)(b) above is—

(a)a certificate issued under—

(i)section 48 of or paragraph 9 of Schedule 12 to the Criminal Justice Act 1991 (c. 53); or

(ii)section 33 of the 1997 Act;

(b)a direction of the Secretary of State made under—

(i)section 28(4) of the 1997 Act; or

(ii)section 82A(5) of the 2000 Act; or

(c)such other certificate or direction as the Scottish Ministers may, by order made by statutory instrument, specify.

(2E)Notwithstanding subsection (2A) above, a transferred life prisoner—

(a)who has not, under subsection (2C) above, waived the entitlement to a hearing; or

(b)who has not served the part of the sentence specified in the certificate or direction referred to in subsection (2D) above issued in respect of that prisoner,

may, after his transfer to Scotland, refer his case for a hearing under subsection (2J) below.

(2F)The Scottish Ministers shall, no later than two weeks after the referral of a transferred life prisoner’s case under subsection (2A) or (2E) above, send the documents and other information mentioned in subsection (2G) below to—

(a)the High Court of Justiciary;

(b)the Lord Advocate; and

(c)the transferred life prisoner.

(2G)The documents and other information referred to in subsection (2F) above are—

(a)a copy of the indictment or any corresponding document;

(b)subject to subsection (2H) below, a copy of any report by the trial judge;

(c)a copy of any certificate or direction referred to in subsection (2D) above; and

(d)any other documents or information which the Scottish Ministers consider relevant.

(2H)A report prepared by the trial judge—

(a)may be sent under subsection (2F) above notwithstanding that it was prepared on the basis that it would not be disclosed to the transferred life prisoner; and

(b)shall be so sent for the purposes only of the hearing under subsection (2J) below.

(2J)There shall be a hearing at which the High Court of Justiciary shall make the order referred to in subsection (2K) below.

(2K)That order is an order specifying a part of the sentence which the court considers would have been specified as the punishment part under subsection (2) of section 2 of this Act, if—

(a)the prisoner had been sentenced for the offence in Scotland; and

(b)that section (as amended by the Convention Rights (Compliance) (Scotland)) Act 2001 (asp 7)) had been in force at the time when the prisoner was sentenced.

(2L)The court, in considering the case of a transferred life prisoner—

(a)who is serving more than one sentence of imprisonment for life; and

(b)two or more of whose life sentences were imposed in proceedings on a single indictment,

shall, in making the order under subsection (2J) above, proceed as if the prisoner had been sentenced in Scotland and section 205D (only one sentence of imprisonment for life to be imposed in any proceedings) of the 1995 Act had been in force at the time the prisoner was sentenced.

(2M)Such a transferred life prisoner who, before being transferred to Scotland, had been released on licence, otherwise than on compassionate grounds, shall be deemed to have been released on licence under section 2(4) of this Act as if the transferred life prisoner had been a life prisoner to whom that section applied and who had served the punishment part of his sentence.

(2N)The reference in this section to a transferred life prisoner’s release on compassionate grounds has the same meaning as that reference has in section 10A of this Act.

(2P)The court shall pronounce the order under subsection (2J) above in open court.

(2Q)If the court is satisfied that the transferred life prisoner is incapable of properly instructing a solicitor in relation to the hearing under subsection (2J) above, whether or not the prisoner has so instructed a solicitor, it shall not make the order under that subsection.

(2R)If the Scottish Ministers are satisfied that the prisoner is no longer incapable of instructing a solicitor in relation to the hearing under subsection (2J) above, they shall, as soon as reasonably practicable thereafter, refer the case of the prisoner to the court for such a hearing.

(2S)In this section—

  • “incapable” means incapable by reason of mental disorder or of inability to communicate because of physical disability; but a person shall not fall within this definition by reason only of a lack or deficiency in a faculty of communication if that lack or deficiency can be made good by human or mechanical aid (whether of an interpretative nature or otherwise); and

  • “mental disorder” has the same meaning as it has in section 87 of the Adults with Incapacity (Scotland) Act 2000 (asp 4).

(2T)Nothing in this section shall be taken as preventing a prisoner, in respect of whom the court declined, under subsection (2Q) above, to make the order under subsection (2J) above, from again referring his case for a hearing under subsection (2J) above.

(2U)A hearing under subsection (2J) above shall be criminal procedure for the purposes of section 305 of the 1995 Act (power of High Court of Justiciary to regulate criminal procedure by Act of Adjournal).;

(c)in subsection (3)—

(i)for “sections 1(4) and 2(9)” there is substituted “section 2(9)”;

(ii)in paragraph (a), the word “designated” is repealed; and

(iii)in paragraph (b), for “designated” there is substituted “punishment” and for the word “certificate” there is substituted “order under subsection (2J) above”;

(d)in subsection (4), in paragraph (b)—

(i)in sub-paragraph (i), after “1997” there is inserted “, other than an order for a restricted transfer within the meaning of paragraph 6(1) of that Schedule to that Act,”; and

(ii)after sub-paragraph (i) there is inserted—

(ia)a decision of the Secretary of State under section 80 (removal of patients to Scotland) of the Mental Health Act 1983 (c. 20) authorising the prisoner’s removal to Scotland from England and Wales; or

(ib)a decision of the responsible authority under section 81 (removal to Scotland of patients from Northern Ireland) of the Mental Health (Scotland) Act 1984 (c. 36) authorising the prisoner’s removal to Scotland from Northern Ireland; or; and

(e)in subsection (5)—

(i)in paragraph (a), the word “designated” is repealed; and

(ii)in paragraph (b)—

(A)for “28” there is substituted “28(2)”;

(B)after “1997” there is inserted “section 82A(2) of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 (c. 6), paragraph 4(1) of Schedule 2 to the Isle of Man Custody Act or under a provision such as is mentioned in subsection (1A) above relating to Northern Ireland”; and

(C)for “certificate under subsection (2)” there is substituted “order under subsection (2J)” and for “relevant” there is substituted “punishment”.

(2)After section 10 of the 1993 Act there is inserted—

10ATransfer of supervision of life prisoners

(1)This section applies to a life prisoner released on licence in respect of whom, whether before or after the coming into force of section 3 of the Convention Rights (Compliance) (Scotland) Act 2001 (asp 7), an order was made under paragraph 4 of Schedule 1 to the Crime (Sentences) Act 1997 (c. 43) transferring responsibility for his supervision to the Scottish Ministers and ordering that the supervision or, as the case may be, the remainder of it be undergone in Scotland, that order being an unrestricted transfer within the meaning of paragraph 6(1) of that Schedule.

(2)This Part of this Act—

(a)shall apply to such a life prisoner, except one released on compassionate grounds, as if that prisoner had served the punishment part of his life sentence and had been released on licence under section 2(4) of this Act;

(b)shall apply to such a life prisoner released on compassionate grounds as if that prisoner had been released on licence under section 3 of this Act.

(3)If, in the case of such a life prisoner released on compassionate grounds—

(a)the Scottish Ministers revoke that life prisoner’s licence and recall him to prison under section 17(1) of this Act; and

(b)the Parole Board does not, under section 17(4) of this Act, direct that he be immediately released on licence,

section 10 of this Act shall apply to the life prisoner as it applies to a transferred life prisoner within the meaning of section 10 whose transfer occurred after the coming into force of section 3 of the Convention Rights (Compliance) (Scotland) Act 2001.

(4)References in this section to a life prisoner’s release on compassionate grounds are references to his release under section 30 of the 1997 Act or under equivalent provision made for Northern Ireland such as is mentioned in subsection (5) below.

(5)The provision referred to in subsection (4) above is—

(a)a provision made by Order in Council under section 85 (provisions dealing with certain reserved matters) of the Northern Ireland Act 1998 (c. 47) governing the release of life prisoners on compassionate grounds; or

(b)any provision to that effect, including one made as described in paragraph (a) above, identified by the Scottish Ministers by order made by statutory instrument.

(3)Paragraph 7 of Schedule 6 to the 1993 Act is repealed.

4Transitional provisions

Parts 1 to 5 of the schedule to this Act have effect for the purpose of making transitional provision in connection with sections 1 to 3 above.

PART 2CONSTITUTION OF PAROLE BOARD FOR SCOTLAND

5Appointment and removal of Parole Board members

(1)In section 20 (the Parole Board for Scotland) of the 1993 Act—

(a)in subsection (1) the words “this Part of” are repealed;

(b)in subsection (4), after paragraph (b) there is inserted—

(ba)enabling the Board to require any person, other than a prisoner whose case the Board is considering, to attend a hearing before it to give evidence or to produce documents; ;and

(c)after subsection (4) there is inserted—

(4A)In making provision such as is mentioned in subsection (4)(ba) above, the Scottish Ministers may apply subsections (4) and (5) of section 210 of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 (c. 65) with such modifications as may be set out in the rules but subject to the limitation that any penalty under subsection (5) of section 210 as so applied shall be restricted to a fine which shall not exceed level 2 on the standard scale..

(2)After paragraph 1 of Schedule 2 to that Act, there is inserted—

1AIn making those appointments, the Scottish Ministers shall comply with such requirements as to procedure and consultation as may be prescribed in regulations made by them.

1BIn making regulations under paragraph 1A above, the Scottish Ministers may make different provision for different kinds of members of the Board, including the kinds of members having the respective qualifications for office specified in paragraph 2 below..

(3)After paragraph 2 of that Schedule, there is inserted—

Limitation, termination etc. of appointment of members

2AAn appointment as a member of the Parole Board shall, subject to paragraphs 2B to 2D below, last for such period, being not shorter than six years nor longer than seven years, as is specified in the instrument of appointment.

2BA member of the Parole Board may resign at any time by giving notice to that effect to the Scottish Ministers.

2CAn appointment of a person as a member of the Parole Board shall not extend beyond the day when the person reaches the age of 75.

2DThe appointment of a member of the Parole Board shall come to an end upon the member’s being removed from office under paragraph 3 below.

2EA person may be reappointed to be a member of the Parole Board but only if—

(a)three years or more have passed since the person ceased to be a member of the Parole Board; and

(b)the person has not previously been reappointed under this paragraph.

2FA person whose membership of the Parole Board came to an end by resignation under paragraph 2B above may be reappointed under paragraph 2E above.

2GA person whose membership of the Parole Board came to an end on removal from office under paragraph 3 below shall not be reappointed.

2HThe provisions of paragraphs 1 to 2D above apply to a reappointment under paragraph 2E above as they apply to an appointment.

Performance of duties

2JThe Chairman of the Parole Board shall have regard to the desirability of securing that every member of the Parole Board is given the opportunity of participating appropriately in the functions of the Board under this Act on not fewer than 20 days in each successive period of 12 months beginning with the day of the member’s appointment as such..

(4)For paragraph 3 of that Schedule, there is substituted—

Removal of members from office

3A member of the Parole Board may be removed from office by and only by order of the tribunal constituted by and under paragraph 3B below (“the tribunal”).

3AThe tribunal may order the removal from office of a member only if, after investigation carried out at the request of the Scottish Ministers, it finds that the member is unfit for office by reason of inability, neglect of duty or misbehaviour.

3BThe tribunal shall consist of the following three members, who shall be appointed by the Lord President of the Court of Session—

(a)either a Senator of the College of Justice or a sheriff principal (who shall preside);

(b)a person who is, and has been for at least ten years, legally qualified; and

(c)one other person who shall not be legally qualified.

3CFor the purposes of paragraph 3B above, a person is legally qualified if that person is an advocate or a solicitor.

3DRegulations, made by the Scottish Ministers—

(a)may make provision enabling the tribunal, at any time during an investigation, to suspend a member from office and providing as to the effect and duration of such suspension; and

(b)shall make such further provision as respects the tribunal as the Scottish Ministers consider necessary or expedient, including provision for the procedure to be followed by and before it..

(5)After paragraph 6 of that Schedule there is inserted—

Regulations

6ARegulations under paragraphs 1A and 3D above shall be made by statutory instrument.

6BNo such regulations shall be made unless laid in draft before, and approved by resolution of, the Scottish Parliament..

(6)Part 6 of the schedule to this Act has effect for the purpose of making transitional provision in connection with this section.

PART 3LEGAL AID

6Extension of advice and assistance and civil legal aid under Legal Aid (Scotland) Act 1986

(1)In section 6(2) (definitions for purposes of Part II — advice and assistance) of the Legal Aid (Scotland) Act 1986 (c. 47) (the “1986 Act”) after the definition of “tribunal” there is added—

and references to a court, tribunal or statutory inquiry include references to any court, tribunal or statutory inquiry which is established by law for purposes which are or include those of determining persons' civil rights and obligations and to any person who or group of persons or body or procedure which (however described) is appointed or established by law for such purposes..

(2)In section 13 (meaning of “civil legal aid”) of the 1986 Act—

(a)subsection (5) is repealed; and

(b)at the end there is added—

(6)In subsection (4) above, the reference to a court or tribunal includes a reference to a court or tribunal which is established by law for purposes which are or include those of determining persons' civil rights and obligations and to any person who or group of persons, body, statutory inquiry or other procedure which (however described) is appointed or established by law for such purposes..

(3)In section 14 (availability of civil legal aid) of the 1986 Act, after subsection (1), there is inserted—

(1A)In the case of proceedings in such courts or tribunals as may be specified in regulations under this Act, civil legal aid shall be available to a person only if, in addition to the requirements which have to be met under subsection (1) above and section 15 of this Act, such criteria as may be prescribed in those regulations are met.

(1B)In subsection (1A) above, the reference to courts or tribunals shall be construed in accordance with section 13(6) of this Act..

(4)In section 16 (which includes provision that, in sections 17 to 20, “court” includes tribunal) of the 1986 Act, in subsection (2), at the end of the definition of “court”, there is added “and references to either shall be construed in accordance with section 13(6) of this Act”.

(5)In section 38 (which, amongst other things, enables the Court of Session to regulate the procedure of the civil courts in relation to legal aid) of the 1986 Act, after subsection (1), there is inserted—

(1A)In subsection (1)(a) above, the reference to any court or tribunal shall be construed, except in relation to criminal proceedings, in accordance with section 13(6) of this Act..

7Fixed payments for criminal legal assistance: exceptional cases

In section 33 of the 1986 Act, after subsection (3B) (which provides that where fixed payments to solicitors for criminal legal assistance are prescribed, a solicitor providing it is not entitled to any other legal aid payment), there is inserted—

(3C)The Scottish Ministers may, however, for the purpose of enabling the Board to ensure that a person to whom fixed payment criminal legal assistance is provided is not, for the reason specified in subsection (3D) below, deprived of the right to a fair trial, by regulations under this subsection, provide that—

(a)in such circumstances; and

(b)under such conditions,

as may be prescribed by the regulations, a solicitor who provides such criminal legal assistance shall, instead of receiving fixed payments, be paid out of the Fund in accordance with regulations made under subsections (2) and (3) above.

(3D)The reason referred to in subsection (3C) above is the amount of the fixed payments payable for the criminal legal assistance provided.

(3E)In subsection (3C) above—

  • “fixed payment criminal legal assistance” means criminal legal assistance in respect of which fixed payments are prescribed under subsection (3A) above;

  • “fixed payments” means fixed payments so prescribed.

(3F)Regulations made under subsection (3C) above shall provide that it is for the Board to determine whether any prescribed circumstances exist and whether any prescribed conditions are met.

(3G)Circumstances may be prescribed under subsection (3C)(a) above by reference to such factors as the Scottish Ministers think fit.

(3H)The conditions which may be prescribed under subsection (3C)(b) above include those which stipulate that a solicitor providing criminal legal assistance—

(a)applies to the Board to exercise its power of determination under subsection (3F) above;

(b)does so in such manner and form as the Board may specify and at as early a stage in the provision of the criminal legal assistance as is reasonably practicable; and

(c)keeps proper records of all professional services provided by way of and outlays incurred in the provision of that criminal legal assistance, whether before or after the exercise of that power of determination.

(3J)Regulations may be made under subsection (3C) above so as to relate to criminal legal assistance provided in relation to proceedings commenced before and continuing as at the date of coming into force of section 7 of the Convention Rights (Compliance) (Scotland) Act 2001 (asp 7), and regulations so relating may disapply any condition which would otherwise apply under subsection (3C)(b) above.

(3K)The Board shall establish a procedure under which any person—

(a)whose solicitor’s application under subsection (3H) above has been refused; or

(b)on whose solicitor’s application under that subsection the Board has made a determination which is such that the solicitor will not be paid out of the Fund in accordance with regulations made under subsections (2) and (3) above,

may apply to the Board for review of that refusal or determination..

8Criminal legal assistance: retrospective revision of fixed payments regulations

In section 33 of the 1986 Act, after subsection (3A) (prescription of fixed payments for criminal legal assistance), there is inserted—

(3AA)Regulations amending or replacing regulations made under subsection (3A) above may, for the purpose specified in subsection (3AB) below, make provision as to fixed payments in relation to criminal legal assistance provided in relation to proceedings commenced before and continuing as at the date of the making or coming into force of the amendment or replacement of the regulations.

(3AB)The purpose referred to in subsection (3AA) above is that of ensuring that persons to whom fixed payment criminal legal assistance is being provided are not, by reason of the amount of the fixed payments payable in respect of that criminal legal assistance under the regulations as they have effect immediately before the coming into force of the amendment or replacement of the regulations, deprived of the right to a fair trial.

(3AC)In subsection (3AB) above “fixed payment criminal legal assistance” and “fixed payments” have respectively the meanings given by subsection (3E) below;.

9Employment of solicitors by Scottish Legal Aid Board: further provisions

(1)In section 4 of the 1986 Act, in subsection (3), after paragraph (aa), there is inserted—

(aaa)any award of expenses made by a criminal court to a person to whom criminal legal assistance has been provided by a solicitor employed by the Board under sections 26 and 27 of this Act;.

(2)In section 11 (which includes provision about contributions by clients in respect of advice or assistance by solicitors employed by the Board) of the 1986 Act—

(a)in subsection (1), after “(2)” there is inserted “, (2A)”;

(b)after subsection (2) there is inserted—

(2A)A client to whom paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (2) above apply and to whom criminal legal assistance or advice or assistance which is not criminal legal assistance has been provided by a solicitor employed by the Board under sections 26 and 27 of this Act shall pay to the Board such contribution in that respect as the Board may, subject to subsection (3A) below, determine.; and

(c)after subsection (3) there is inserted—

(3A)The amount determined by the Board under subsection (2A) above shall not exceed the amount which would be charged by a solicitor who is not employed by the Board under sections 26 and 27 of this Act..

(3)In section 12 of the 1986 Act, in subsection (2) (which provides that the rules in that section about the payment of solicitor’s fees etc. do not apply to the salary of a solicitor employed by the Board under section 28A), after “Board” there is inserted “under sections 26 and 27 of this Act or to the salary payable to a solicitor employed by the Board”.

(4)In section 25A (Criminal Legal Assistance Register) of the 1986 Act, after subsection (3) there is inserted—

(3A)A solicitor employed by the Board under sections 26 and 27 of this Act to provide criminal legal assistance shall require to be registered, and the entry relating to his name on the Register shall include a note that he is so employed; but the Board shall not be regarded as a firm for the purposes of this section, and shall not itself require to be registered..

(5)In section 25B of the 1986 Act, in subsection (2) (which enables provision in the criminal legal assistance code of practice which is different for solicitors employed by the Board under section 28A from that for solicitors generally), after “including” there is inserted “in relation to solicitors employed by the Board under sections 26 and 27 of this Act to provide criminal legal assistance, different provision to reflect the fact that they are so employed and including”.

(6)In section 26 of the 1986 Act, in subsection (1), in paragraph (a) (which provides that the purposes for which solicitors may be employed by the Board include those of giving advice and assistance to which Part II of the Act applies), there is added at the end “either generally or in cases of any such description as may be prescribed by regulations made under this section”.

(7)In section 28A (feasibility study of provision of criminal legal assistance by solicitors employed by the Board) of the 1986 Act—

(a)in subsection (12) (provisions which cease to have effect five years after employed solicitors regulations come into effect)—

(i)in paragraph (c), for “but does not apply” there is substituted “or”; and

(ii)in paragraph (e), after “including” there is inserted “, where it second occurs,”; and

(b)at the end, there is inserted—

(15)The power to bring sections 26 to 28 of this Act into force is not affected—

(a)by the provisions of this section; or

(b)by the fact that it is exercised before the expiry of the period of five years referred to in subsection (11) above..

(8)In section 31 of the 1986 Act, in subsection (1A) (exceptions to provision entitling person receiving legal aid or advice and assistance to select a solicitor and counsel) there is added at the end “and does not apply where the person is being provided with criminal legal assistance by a solicitor employed by the Board under section 26 and 27 of this Act.”.

PART 4HOMOSEXUAL OFFENCES

10Repeal of section 13(2)(a) of the Criminal Law (Consolidation) (Scotland) Act 1995

In section 13 (homosexual offences) of the Criminal Law (Consolidation) (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 39)

(a)in subsection (2), paragraph (a) and the word “or” immediately following it are repealed; and

(b)in subsection (5), in paragraph (b), for “both” there is substituted “the”.

PART 5PROCURATOR FISCAL OF THE LYON COURT

11Appointment of procurator fiscal of the Lyon Court

(1)The Lyon King of Arms Act 1867 (c. 17) is amended as follows.

(2)In section 9 (duties and fees of herald painter and procurator fiscal of Lyon Court)—

(a)the words—

(i)“and procurator fiscal of the Lyon Court”;

(ii)“respectively”; and

(iii)“or procurator fiscal”,

are repealed; and

(b)for “and procurator fiscal aforesaid have” there is substituted “has”.

(3)After section 9, there is inserted—

9AAppointment of procurator fiscal of the Lyon Court

(1)The procurator fiscal of the Lyon Court shall be a person who is legally qualified and shall be appointed by the Scottish Ministers on such terms and conditions as they determine.

(2)For the purposes of subsection (1) above, a person is legally qualified if that person is an advocate or a solicitor..

(4)The procurator fiscal of the Lyon Court holding office immediately before the coming into force of this section shall cease to hold that office on the day this Part of this Act comes into force.

PART 6POWER TO MAKE REMEDIAL ORDERS

12Remedial orders

(1)In the circumstances set out in subsection (2) below, the Scottish Ministers may, by order (in this Part of this Act, a “remedial order”), make such provision as they consider necessary or expedient in consequence of—

(a)an Act of Parliament or an Act of the Scottish Parliament;

(b)any subordinate legislation made under any such Act;

(c)any provision of any such Act or subordinate legislation; or

(d)any exercise or purported exercise of functions by a member of the Scottish Executive,

which is or may be incompatible with any of the Convention rights.

(2)Those circumstances are that the Scottish Ministers are of the opinion that there are compelling reasons for making a remedial order as distinct from taking any other action.

(3)A remedial order may—

(a)make different provision for different purposes;

(b)relate to—

(i)all cases to which the power to make it extends;

(ii)those cases subject to specified exceptions; or

(iii)any particular case or class of case;

(c)make—

(i)any supplementary, incidental or consequential provision; or

(ii)any transitory, transitional or saving provision,

which the Scottish Ministers consider necessary or expedient;

(d)modify any enactment or prerogative instrument or any other instrument or document relating to the exercise or purported exercise of functions by the Scottish Ministers;

(e)make provision (other than provision creating criminal offences or increasing the punishment for criminal offences) which has retrospective effect;

(f)provide for the delegation of functions.

(4)A remedial order shall not, however, create any criminal offence punishable—

(a)on summary conviction, with imprisonment for a period exceeding three months or with a fine exceeding the amount specified as level 5 on the standard scale;

(b)on conviction on indictment, with a period of imprisonment exceeding two years.

(5)The conferring by subsection (1) above of the power to make remedial orders does not prejudice the extent of any other power.

13Procedure for remedial orders: general

(1)A remedial order shall be made by statutory instrument.

(2)No remedial order shall be made unless laid in draft before and approved by resolution of the Scottish Parliament.

(3)Before laying a draft remedial order for the purposes of subsection (2) above, the Scottish Ministers shall—

(a)lay a copy of the proposed draft order, together with a statement of their reasons for proposing to make the order, before the Scottish Parliament;

(b)give such public notice of the contents of the proposed draft order as they consider appropriate and invite persons wishing to make observations on the draft order to do so, in writing, within the period of 60 days beginning with the day on which that public notice was given or the day on which the draft order was laid under this subsection, whichever is earlier, or, if both those actions occurred on the same day, that day;

(c)have regard to any written observations submitted within that period.

(4)When laying a draft remedial order for the purposes of subsection (2) above, the Scottish Ministers shall lay before the Scottish Parliament a statement—

(a)summarising all the observations to which they had to have regard under subsection (3)(c) above; and

(b)specifying the changes (if any) which they have made in the draft order and the reasons for them.

(5)In reckoning, for the purposes of subsection (3)(b) above, any period of 60 days no account shall be taken of any time during which the Scottish Parliament is dissolved or is in recess for more than four days.

14Procedure for remedial orders: urgent cases

(1)Where it appears to the Scottish Ministers that, for reasons of urgency, it is necessary to make a remedial order without following the procedure under section 13(2) to (4) above, they may do so.

(2)After so making a remedial order, the Scottish Ministers shall forthwith—

(a)give such public notice of the contents of the order as they consider appropriate and invite persons wishing to make observations on the order to do so, in writing, within the period of 60 days beginning with the day on which it was made;

(b)lay the order, together with a statement of their reasons for having made it, before the Scottish Parliament.

(3)The Scottish Ministers shall have regard to any written observations submitted within the period mentioned in subsection (2)(a) above.

(4)As soon as practicable after the end of that period, the Scottish Ministers shall lay before the Scottish Parliament a statement—

(a)summarising all the observations to which they had to have regard under subsection (3) above; and

(b)specifying the modifications (if any) which they consider it appropriate to make to the remedial order.

(5)If modifications have been specified under subsection (4)(b) above, the Scottish Ministers shall—

(a)make a remedial order by virtue of this subsection giving effect to those modifications and replacing the remedial order made under subsection (1) above; and

(b)lay the remedial order made by virtue of this subsection before the Scottish Parliament,

or (where the modification specified consists only of the proposed revocation of the remedial order), by order, simply revoke the remedial order made under subsection (1) above.

(6)If, at the end of the period of 120 days beginning with the day on which a remedial order was made under subsection (1) above, the Scottish Parliament has not, by resolution, approved the order or any remedial order made by virtue of subsection (5) above replacing it, then the remedial order or, as the case may be the replacement remedial order ceases to have effect (but without that affecting anything done under that order or the power to make a fresh remedial order, whether under the procedure set out in section 13 above or this section).

(7)Subsection (6) above has no effect where the Scottish Ministers have, before the end of the period referred to in that subsection, simply revoked the remedial order made under subsection (1) above.

(8)An order made under subsection (5) above simply revoking a remedial order made under subsection (1) above shall be made by statutory instrument which shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the Scottish Parliament.

(9)In reckoning, for the purposes of subsections (2)(a), (6) and (7) above, any period of 60 or 120 days, no account shall be taken of any time during which the Scottish Parliament is dissolved or is in recess for more than four days.

PART 7GENERAL PROVISIONS

15Short title and commencement

(1)This Act may be cited as the Convention Rights (Compliance) (Scotland) Act 2001.

(2)Parts 1, 2 and 5 of this Act come into force on such day as the Scottish Ministers, by order made by statutory instrument, appoint, and different days may be so appointed for different purposes.

(3)The other provisions (except this section) of this Act come into force on the day after it receives Royal Assent.

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

See additional information alongside the content

Show Explanatory Notes for Sections: Displays relevant parts of the explanatory notes interweaved within the legislation content.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

Explanatory Notes

Text created by the Scottish Executive department responsible for the subject matter of the Act to explain what the Act sets out to achieve and to make the Act accessible to readers who are not legally qualified. Explanatory Notes were introduced in 1999 and accompany all Acts of the Scottish Parliament except those which result from Budget Bills

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources