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Animals and Wildlife (Penalties, Protections and Powers) (Scotland) Act 2020

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Dyma’r fersiwn wreiddiol (fel y’i gwnaed yn wreiddiol).

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Animals and Wildlife (Penalties, Protections and Powers) (Scotland) Act 2020

2020 asp 14

The Bill for this Act of the Scottish Parliament was passed by the Parliament on 17th June 2020 and received Royal Assent on 21st July 2020

An Act of the Scottish Parliament to increase penalties for the most serious animal welfare offences, to provide for fixed penalties in relation to animal welfare offences generally, to increase the protection for service animals from being caused unnecessary suffering, to require courts to consider making disqualification orders following convictions for animal welfare offences, to provide for fixed penalties in relation to animal health offences, to increase penalties in relation to certain wildlife offences, to provide for fixed penalties in relation to wildlife offences, to increase the protection for seals from being killed, injured or taken; to confer power on inspectors and constables, where animals have been taken into possession to alleviate their suffering, to make arrangements for the treatment, transfer or destruction of those animals; and for connected purposes.

CHAPTER 1Animal welfare, animal health and wildlife: offences and penalties

Animal welfare offences: penalties

1Prevention of harm to animals: penalties for offences

(1)The Animal Health and Welfare (Scotland) Act 2006 (in this Act, “the 2006 Act”) is amended as follows.

(2)In section 46 (penalties for offences)—

(a)for subsection (1) substitute—

(1)A person who commits an offence under section 19 or 23 is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine not exceeding £20,000 (or both),

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 5 years or a fine (or both).,

(b)in subsection (3)—

(i)after “Part” insert “(other than under regulations made under section 46A)”,

(ii)for “referred to in subsection (2)” substitute “mentioned in subsection (4)”,

(c)after subsection (3) insert—

(4)The penalties referred to in subsection (4) are imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine not exceeding £40,000 (or both)..

(3)Section 44 is repealed.

2Fixed penalty notices for certain animal welfare offences

In the 2006 Act, after section 46 insert—

46AFixed penalty notices for certain offences

(1)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make provision for or in connection with the issuing of fixed penalty notices in relation to certain offences.

(2)The offences in relation to which fixed penalty notices may be issued must be specified in or by virtue of regulations under subsection (1).

(3)The offences which may be specified are offences—

(a)under—

(i)this Part,

(ii)regulations made under section 26, 27 or 28 (whether made before, on or after the coming into force of this section), or

(iii)another enactment (whether made or, as the case may be, passed before, on or after the coming into force of this section) which the Scottish Ministers consider relates to animal welfare, and

(b)in relation to which the maximum penalty on conviction does not exceed imprisonment for a term of 6 months or a fine of level 5 on the standard scale (or both).

(4)Regulations under subsection (1) may in particular include provision—

(a)subject to subsections (6) and (7), prescribing the form of a fixed penalty notice,

(b)prescribing the persons or categories of persons who are authorised to issue fixed penalty notices,

(c)conferring on the Scottish Ministers the power to authorise a person to issue fixed penalty notices,

(d)conferring powers to enter premises (other than dwelling-houses) in connection with the issuing of fixed penalty notices,

(e)about the circumstances in which fixed penalty notices may be issued (including the test which must be satisfied before a person authorised to issue such notices may do so),

(f)about the circumstances in which fixed penalty notices may not be issued,

(g)about the circumstances in which fixed penalty notices may be withdrawn (including the effects of such withdrawal),

(h)prescribing the amount of the fixed penalty which is to apply to an offence, being not more than level 5 on the standard scale,

(i)prescribing the person to whom payment may be made (who need not be the person who issued the fixed penalty notice),

(j)prescribing the period of time within which a fixed penalty may be paid (in this section, the “payment period”),

(k)about the circumstances in which a person to whom a fixed penalty notice is issued may decline the notice or otherwise object to or challenge it (including the period within which the person may do so),

(l)about the effects of failing to decline or otherwise object to or challenge a fixed penalty notice before the end of the period prescribed for doing so (including that such failure is deemed to be acceptance of the notice),

(m)conferring on the person who issued the fixed penalty notice or the person to whom payment may be made the power to extend the payment period in any particular case if the person considers it appropriate to do so,

(n)about the methods by which fixed penalties may be paid,

(o)for the amount of a fixed penalty to be discounted or increased by an amount or percentage in circumstances prescribed by the regulations (but not so as to make the amount payable more than level 5 on the standard scale),

(p)prescribing the effect of paying a fixed penalty within the payment period (for example, that no proceedings may be brought in respect of the offence to which the fixed penalty notice relates),

(q)about the consequences of not paying a fixed penalty within the payment period (including how liability to pay the penalty may be enforced),

(r)for additional procedure relating to fixed penalty notices (for example to make provision for hearings or appeals),

(s)for the destination of funds, the keeping of accounts and the preparation and publication of statements of account relating to fixed penalties provided for under the regulations,

(t)creating offences relating to—

(i)obstruction of a person who is exercising functions in relation to fixed penalty notices,

(ii)a failure to provide information requested in connection with a fixed penalty notice.

(5)The maximum penalty that may be provided for in regulations under subsection (1) creating an offence is, on summary conviction, a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(6)A fixed penalty notice provided for in regulations under subsection (1) must—

(a)identify the offence to which it relates, and

(b)specify reasonable particulars of the circumstances alleged to constitute the offence.

(7)A fixed penalty notice provided for in regulations under subsection (1) must also state—

(a)the date on which the fixed penalty notice is issued,

(b)the amount of the fixed penalty,

(c)the person to whom payment may be made and the person’s address,

(d)the payment period,

(e)the method by which payment may be made,

(f)the effect of paying the fixed penalty within the payment period and the consequences of not paying the fixed penalty within that period,

(g)details of any procedure for challenging or appealing the fixed penalty notice.

(8)Regulations under subsection (1) may modify any enactment (including this Act).

(9)In this section, “fixed penalty notice” means a notice specifying a sum of money that may or must be paid as an alternative to prosecution for an offence..

Protecting police dogs etc. from unnecessary suffering

3Harming a service animal

In section 19 (unnecessary suffering) of the 2006 Act, after subsection (4) insert—

(4A)In determining for the purposes of subsection (1) whether suffering is unnecessary in a case where it was caused by conduct for a purpose mentioned in subsection (4)(c)(ii), the fact that the conduct was for that purpose is to be disregarded if—

(a)the animal was under the control of a relevant officer at the time of the conduct,

(b)it was being used by that officer at that time, in the course of the officer’s duties, in a way that was reasonable in all the circumstances, and

(c)that officer is not the person accused of committing the offence under subsection (1).

(4B)In subsection (4A), “relevant officer” means—

(a)a constable,

(b)a special constable within the meaning of section 9 of the Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Act 2012,

(c)a person (other than a constable or a special constable) who has the powers of a constable or is otherwise employed or engaged to carry out, or assist in the carrying out of, police functions (within the meaning of section 99(1) of that Act),

(d)a prisoner custody officer within the meaning of section 114 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994.

(4C)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations modify subsection (4B) to—

(a)add to the categories of person specified in subsection (4B) other categories of person in the public service of the Crown,

(b)vary any category of person for the time being specified in subsection (4B),

(c)remove any category of person for the time being so specified.”..

Animal welfare offences: disqualification orders

4Disqualification orders

(1)The 2006 Act is amended as follows.

(2)In section 40 (disqualification orders)—

(a)in subsection (1), for “may” substitute “must consider whether it is necessary, to protect animal welfare, to”,

(b)for subsection (5) substitute—

(5)The court must state its reasons—

(a)for deciding to make or, as the case may be, not make a disqualification order,

(b)where it decides to make such an order—

(i)for including in the order the particular disqualifications imposed by it,

(ii)for specifying, under subsection (9)(a), the period for which the order is to have effect, and

(iii)for specifying, under subsection (9)(b), a period within which no application under section 42(1) may be made..

(3)In section 42 (termination or variation of disqualification orders), after subsection (5) insert—

(6)The court must state its reasons—

(a)for granting or, as the case may be, refusing the application under subsection (1),

(b)where it grants the application in whole or in part, for varying or, as the case may be, terminating the disqualification order..

(4)After that section insert—

42ADisqualification orders: record of reasons

The Scottish Courts and Tribunals Service must establish and maintain a record of reasons relating to disqualification orders stated by the court under sections 40(5) and 42(6)..

5Disqualification orders: further provision

(1)The 2006 Act is amended as follows.

(2)In section 40 (disqualification orders) —

(a)after subsection (1) insert—

(1A)The purpose of a disqualification order is for the future protection of animals and not in substitution for a penalty for a relevant offence.,

(b)in subsection (6), the words “, or instead of,” are repealed.

Animal health offences: penalties

6Fixed penalty notices for offences relating to animal health

In the Animal Health Act 1981, after section 76 insert—

76AFixed penalty notices

(1)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make provision for or in connection with the issuing of fixed penalty notices in relation to certain offences.

(2)The offences in relation to which fixed penalty notices may be issued must be specified in or by virtue of regulations under subsection (1).

(3)The offences which may be specified are offences—

(a)under—

(i)this Act,

(ii)orders or regulations made under this Act (whether made before, on or after the coming into force of this section),

(iii)the Bees Act 1980,

(iv)orders made under the Bees Act 1980 (whether made before, on or after the coming into force of this section), or

(v)another enactment (whether made or, as the case may be, passed before, on or after the coming into force of this section) which the Scottish Ministers consider relates to animal health, and

(b)in relation to which the maximum penalty on conviction does not exceed imprisonment for a term of 6 months or a fine of level 5 on the standard scale (or both).

(4)Regulations under subsection (1) may in particular include provision—

(a)subject to subsections (6) and (7), prescribing the form of a fixed penalty notice,

(b)prescribing the persons or categories of persons who are authorised to issue fixed penalty notices,

(c)conferring on the Scottish Ministers the power to authorise a person to issue fixed penalty notices,

(d)conferring powers to enter premises (other than dwelling-houses) in connection with the issuing of fixed penalty notices,

(e)about the circumstances in which fixed penalty notices may be issued (including the test which must be satisfied before a person authorised to issue such notices may do so),

(f)about the circumstances in which fixed penalty notices may not be issued,

(g)about the circumstances in which fixed penalty notices may be withdrawn (including the effects of such withdrawal),

(h)prescribing the amount of the fixed penalty which is to apply to an offence, being not more than level 5 on the standard scale,

(i)prescribing the person to whom payment may be made (who need not be the person who issued the fixed penalty notice),

(j)prescribing the period of time within which a fixed penalty may be paid (in this section, the “payment period”),

(k)about the circumstances in which a person to whom a fixed penalty notice is issued may decline the notice or otherwise object to or challenge it (including the period within which the person may do so),

(l)about the effects of failing to decline or otherwise object to or challenge a fixed penalty notice before the end of the period prescribed for doing so (including that such failure is deemed to be acceptance of the notice),

(m)conferring on the person who issued the fixed penalty notice or the person to whom payment may be made the power to extend the payment period in any particular case if the person considers it appropriate to do so,

(n)about the methods by which fixed penalties may be paid,

(o)for the amount of a fixed penalty to be discounted or increased by an amount or percentage in circumstances prescribed by the regulations (but not so as to make the amount payable more than level 5 on the standard scale),

(p)prescribing the effect of paying a fixed penalty within the payment period (for example, that no proceedings may be brought in respect of the offence to which the fixed penalty notice relates),

(q)about the consequences of not paying a fixed penalty within the payment period (including how liability to pay the penalty may be enforced),

(r)for additional procedure relating to fixed penalty notices (for example to make provision for hearings or appeals),

(s)for the destination of funds, the keeping of accounts and the preparation and publication of statements of account relating to fixed penalties provided for under the regulations,

(t)creating offences relating to—

(i)obstruction of a person who is exercising functions in relation to fixed penalty notices,

(ii)a failure to provide information requested in connection with a fixed penalty notice.

(5)The maximum penalty that may be provided for in regulations under subsection (1) creating an offence is, on summary conviction, a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(6)A fixed penalty notice provided for in regulations under subsection (1) must—

(a)identify the offence to which it relates, and

(b)specify reasonable particulars of the circumstances alleged to constitute the offence.

(7)A fixed penalty notice provided for in regulations under subsection (1) must also state—

(a)the date on which the fixed penalty notice is issued,

(b)the amount of the fixed penalty,

(c)the person to whom payment may be made and the person’s address,

(d)the payment period,

(e)the method by which payment may be made,

(f)the effect of paying the fixed penalty within the payment period and the consequences of not paying the fixed penalty within that period,

(g)details of any procedure for challenging or appealing the fixed penalty notice.

(8)In this section—

  • “animal” includes bees in any stage of their life cycle,

  • “enactment” includes an Act of the Scottish Parliament and an instrument under such an Act,

  • “fixed penalty notice” means a notice specifying a sum of money that may or must be paid as an alternative to prosecution for an offence.

(9)Regulations under this section—

(a)are subject to the affirmative procedure,

(b)may make—

(i)incidental, supplementary, consequential, transitional, transitory or saving provision,

(ii)different provision for different purposes,

(c)may modify any enactment (including this Act)..

Wildlife offences: penalties

7Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981: penalties for offences

(1)The Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 15A (possession of pesticides), in subsection (2)—

(a)“or” immediately after paragraph (a) is repealed,

(b)after that paragraph insert—

(aa)Regulation (EC) 1107/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market, as amended, extended or applied from time to time,,

(c)at the end of paragraph (b) insert “of 22 May 2012 concerning the making available on the market and use of biocidal products, as amended, extended or applied from time to time.”.

(3)In section 18A (vicarious liability for certain offences by employee or agent), in subsection (6)(a)—

(a)“or” immediately after sub-paragraph (ii) is repealed,

(b)after that sub-paragraph insert—

(iia)section 11(1)(a) or (aa), (2)(a) or (b)(ii); or.

(4)In section 20(2) (summary prosecutions), for “Summary proceedings for an offence under this Part” substitute “Proceedings for an offence under this Part which is triable only summarily”.

(5)The section title of section 20 becomes “Proceedings for summary offences”.

(6)In section 21 (penalties)—

(a)for subsections (1), (1A) and (1B) substitute—

(1)Subject to subsection (5), a person guilty of an offence under a provision mentioned in subsection (1A) is liable on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale (or both).

(1A)The provisions referred to in subsection (1) are—

(a)section 5(1)(e) and (f) (in relation to an act made unlawful by section 5(1)(e)),

(b)section 6(2) and (2A) (in relation to an act made unlawful by section 6(2)(a)),

(c)section 7 (other than section 7(1) and (5A) (in relation to an act made unlawful by section 7(1))),

(d)section 9(5)(b),

(e)section 11A,

(f)section 11C,

(g)section 11E,

(h)section 13,

(i)section 14B,

(j)section 17,

(k)section 19ZC (other than an offence under section 19ZC(7) in relation to a wildlife inspector acting in exercise of the power conferred by section 19ZC(3)(d)),

(l)section 19ZD.

(1B)Subject to subsection (5), a person guilty of an offence under a provision mentioned in subsection (1C) is liable on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine not exceeding £40,000 (or both).

(1C)The provisions referred to in subsection (1B) are—

(a)section 6(3),

(b)section 7(1) and (5A) (in relation to an act made unlawful by section 7(1)),

(c)section 8,

(d)section 9(2), (4A), (5)(a) and (5A) (in relation to an act made unlawful by section 9(2), (4A) or (5)(a)),

(e)section 11B,

(f)section 11G,

(g)section 11I.,

(b)subsections (4), (4ZZA) and (4ZA) are repealed,

(c)after subsection (4A) insert—

(4B)A person guilty of an offence under a provision mentioned in subsection (4C) is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine not exceeding £40,000 (or both),

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years or a fine (or both).

(4C)The provisions referred to in subsection (4B) are—

(a)section 14ZC,

(b)section 14A,

(c)section 14AA,

(d)section 14K.

(4D)A person guilty of an offence under a provision mentioned in subsection (4E) is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine not exceeding £40,000 (or both),

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 5 years or a fine (or both).

(4E)The provisions referred to in subsection (4D) are—

(a)section 1,

(b)section 5(1)(a) to (d) and (f) (in relation to an act made unlawful by section 5(1)(a) to (d)),

(c)section 6(1) and (2A) (in relation to an act made unlawful by section 6(1)(a)),

(d)section 9(1), (4) and (5A) (in relation to an act made unlawful by section 9(1) or (4)),

(e)section 10A,

(f)section 11,

(g)section 14,

(h)section 15A.,

(d)in subsection (5)—

(i)after “(1),” insert “or (1B)”,

(ii)for “that subsection” substitute “the subsection in question”.

8Protection of Badgers Act 1992: penalties for offences

(1)The Protection of Badgers Act 1992 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 12 (penalties)—

(a)in subsection (1)—

(i)for “six” substitute “twelve”,

(ii)for “level 5 on the standard scale” substitute “£40,000”,

(iii)for “that level” substitute “level 5 on the standard scale”,

(b)in subsection (1ZA), paragraph (b) (together with “and” immediately preceding it) are repealed,

(c)in subsection (1B)—

(i)for paragraph (a) substitute—

(a)section 1(3) and (6) (in relation to an act made unlawful by section 1(3)),,

(ii)paragraphs (b) and (c) are repealed,

(d)after subsection (1B) insert—

(1C)A person guilty of an offence under a provision mentioned in subsection (1D) is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine not exceeding £40,000 or both,

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 5 years or to a fine or both.

(1D)The provisions referred to in subsection (1C) are—

(a)section 1(1) and (6) (in relation to an act made unlawful by section 1(1)),

(b)section 2(1)(a) to (c) and (3) (in relation to an act made unlawful by section 2(1)(a) to (c)),

(c)section 3.,

(e)in subsection (2), for “or (1A)(a)” substitute “, (1A)(a) or (1C)(a)”.

(3)In section 12A (time limit for bringing summary proceedings)—

(a)in subsection (1), for “any of sections 1 to 5 or 10(8) of this Act” substitute “a provision mentioned in subsection (1A)”,

(b)after that subsection insert—

(1A)The provisions referred to in subsection (1) are—

(a)section 1(3), (5) and (6) (in relation to an act made unlawful by section 1(3)),

(b)section 2(1)(d) and (3) (in relation to an act made unlawful by section 2(1)(d)),

(c)section 3,

(d)section 4,

(e)section 5,

(f)section 10(8)..

9Conservation (Natural Habitats, etc.) Regulations 1994: penalties for offences

(1)The Conservation (Natural Habitats, etc.) Regulations 1994 (SI 1994/2716) are amended as follows.

(2)In regulation 39 (protection of certain wild animals), for paragraph (12) substitute—

(12)A person guilty of an offence under this regulation is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine not exceeding £40,000 (or both),

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 5 years or a fine (or both)..

(3)In regulation 41 (prohibition of certain methods of taking or killing wild animals), for paragraph (6) substitute—

(6)A person guilty of an offence under this regulation is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine not exceeding £40,000 (or both),

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 5 years or a fine (or both)..

(4)In regulation 102 (proceedings for offences: venue, time limits), in paragraph (2), after first “offence” insert “(other than for an offence under regulation 39 or 41)”.

10Deer (Scotland) Act 1996: penalties for offences

In schedule 3 (penalties) of the Deer (Scotland) Act 1996—

(a)in the entry relating to section 17(3)—

(i)in column 3(a), for “a fine of level 4 on the standard scale for each deer in respect of which the offence is committed or 3 months imprisonment or both” substitute “a fine of £40,000 for each deer in respect of which the offence is committed or 12 months imprisonment or both”,

(ii)in column 3(b) insert “a fine or imprisonment for a term of 5 years or both”,

(b)in the entry relating to section 21(3) and (5)—

(i)in column 1, “, (5)” is repealed,

(ii)in column 2, for “Offences relating to firearms and ammunition” substitute “Breach of firearms order”,

(c)after the entry relating to section 21(3), insert—

21(5)Firearms and ammunition: wilfully injuring deera fine of £40,000 for each deer in respect of which the offence is committed or 12 months imprisonment or botha fine or imprisonment for a term of 5 years or both,

(d)in the entry relating to section 22—

(i)in column 3(a), for “a fine of the statutory maximum in respect of each deer killed, taken or injured or 6 months imprisonment or both” substitute “a fine of £40,000 in respect of each deer killed, taken or injured or 12 months imprisonment or both”,

(ii)in column 3(b), for “not exceeding 2” substitute “of 5”.

11Wild Mammals (Protection) Act 1996: penalties for offences

In section 5 (penalties) of the Wild Mammals (Protection) Act 1996, for subsection (1) substitute—

(1)A person guilty of an offence under this Act is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine not exceeding £40,000 (or both),

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 5 years or a fine (or both)..

12Protection of Wild Mammals (Scotland) Act 2002: penalties for offences

(1)The Protection of Wild Mammals (Scotland) Act 2002 is amended as follows.

(2)After section 7 insert—

7ATime limit for summary proceedings

(1)Proceedings for an offence under section 1(2) or 1(3) may be brought within the period of 6 months from the date on which evidence sufficient in the opinion of the prosecutor to justify the proceedings came to the prosecutor’s knowledge.

(2)But no such proceedings may be brought more than 3 years—

(a)after the commission of the offence, or

(b)in the case of an offence involving a continuous contravention, after the last date on which the offence was committed.

(3)A certificate signed by or on behalf of the prosecutor which states the date on which evidence referred to in subsection (1) came to the prosecutor’s knowledge is conclusive evidence of that fact, and such a certificate which purports to be so signed is to be treated as being so signed unless the contrary is proved..

(3)In section 8 (proceedings and penalties), for subsection (1) substitute—

(1)A person guilty of an offence under section 1(1) is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine not exceeding £40,000 (or both),

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 5 years or a fine (or both).

(1A)A person guilty of an offence under section 1(2) or (3) is liable on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine not exceeding £40,000 (or both)..

13Fixed penalty notices for certain wildlife offences

(1)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make provision for or in connection with the issuing of fixed penalty notices in relation to certain offences relating to wildlife.

(2)The offences in relation to which fixed penalty notices may be issued must be specified in or by virtue of regulations under subsection (1).

(3)The offences which may be specified are offences—

(a)under—

(i)Part 1 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981,

(ii)the Protection of Badgers Act 1992,

(iii)the Deer (Scotland) Act 1996, or

(iv)another enactment (whether made or, as the case may be, passed before, on or after the coming into force of this section) which the Scottish Ministers consider relates to wildlife, and

(b)in relation to which the maximum penalty on conviction does not exceed imprisonment for a term of 6 months or a fine of level 5 on the standard scale (or both).

(4)Regulations made under subsection (1) may in particular include provision—

(a)subject to subsections (6) and (7), prescribing the form of a fixed penalty notice,

(b)prescribing the persons or categories of persons who are authorised to issue fixed penalty notices,

(c)conferring on the Scottish Ministers the power to authorise a person to issue fixed penalty notices,

(d)conferring powers to enter premises (other than dwelling-houses) in connection with the issuing of fixed penalty notices,

(e)about the circumstances in which fixed penalty notices may be issued (including the test which must be satisfied before a person authorised to issue such notice may do so),

(f)about the circumstances in which fixed penalty notices may not be issued,

(g)about the circumstances in which fixed penalty notices may be withdrawn (including the effects of such withdrawal),

(h)prescribing the amount of the fixed penalty which is to apply to an offence, being not more than level 5 on the standard scale,

(i)prescribing the person to whom payment may be made (who need not be the person who issued the fixed penalty notice),

(j)prescribing the period of time within which a fixed penalty may be paid (in this section, the “payment period”),

(k)about the circumstances in which a person to whom a fixed penalty notice is issued may decline the notice or otherwise object to or challenge it (including the period within which the person may do so),

(l)about the effects of failing to decline or otherwise object to or challenge a fixed penalty notice before the end of the period prescribed for doing so (including that such failure is deemed to be acceptance of the notice),

(m)conferring on the person who issued the fixed penalty notice or the person to whom payment may be made the power to extend the payment period in any particular case if the person considers it appropriate to do so,

(n)about the methods by which fixed penalties may be paid,

(o)for the amount of a fixed penalty to be discounted or increased by an amount or percentage in circumstances prescribed by the regulations (but not so as to make the amount payable more than level 5 on the standard scale),

(p)prescribing the effect of paying a fixed penalty within the payment period (for example, that no proceedings may be brought in respect of the offence to which the fixed penalty notice relates),

(q)about the consequences of not paying a fixed penalty within the payment period (including how liability to pay the penalty may be enforced),

(r)for additional procedure relating to fixed penalty notices (for example, to make provision for hearings or appeals),

(s)for the destination of funds, the keeping of accounts and the preparation and publication of statements of account relating to fixed penalties provided for under the regulations,

(t)disapplying Part 4 of the Aquaculture and Fisheries (Scotland) Act 2007 where and to the extent that the regulations provide for fixed penalty notices in relation to a relevant offence (within the meaning of section 25(2) of that Act),

(u)creating offences relating to—

(i)obstruction of a person who is exercising functions in relation to fixed penalty notices,

(ii)a failure to provide information requested in connection with a fixed penalty notice.

(5)The maximum penalty that may be provided for in regulations under subsection (1) creating an offence is, on summary conviction, a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(6)A fixed penalty notice provided for in regulations under subsection (1) must—

(a)identify the offence to which it relates, and

(b)specify reasonable particulars of the circumstances alleged to constitute the offence.

(7)A fixed penalty notice provided for in regulations under subsection (1) must also state—

(a)the date on which the fixed penalty notice is issued,

(b)the amount of the fixed penalty,

(c)the person to whom payment may be made and the person’s address,

(d)the payment period,

(e)the method by which payment may be made,

(f)the effect of paying the fixed penalty within the payment period and the consequences of not paying the fixed penalty within that period,

(g)details of any procedure for challenging or appealing the fixed penalty notice.

(8)In this section, “fixed penalty notice” means a notice specifying a sum of money that may or must be paid as an alternative to prosecution for an offence.

(9)Regulations under this section—

(a)are subject to the affirmative procedure,

(b)may make—

(i)incidental, supplementary, consequential, transitional, transitory or saving provision,

(ii)different provision for different purposes,

(c)may modify any enactment.

Conservation of seals

14Killing, injuring or taking seals: offences, penalties etc.

(1)The Marine (Scotland) Act 2010 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 110 (seal licences)—

(a)in subsection (1), paragraphs (f) and (g) are repealed,

(b)subsections (2) and (3) are repealed.

(3)Section 121 (power to enter land to protect fisheries or fish farms from seals) is repealed.

(4)In section 122(1) (duty to notify occupier), the words “or 121(2)(a)” are repealed.

(5)In section 123 (duty to produce authority), the words “or 121” are repealed.

(6)In section 124 (obstructing an authorised person), the words “or 121” are repealed.

(7)In section 128 (penalties)—

(a)before subsection (1) insert—

(A1)A person guilty of an offence under section 107 is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine not exceeding £40,000 (or both),

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 5 years or a fine (or both).,

(b)in subsection (1), the words “107 or” are repealed.

Acoustic deterrent devices: requirement to report

15Acoustic deterrent devices: requirement to report

(1)The Scottish Ministers must, as soon as practicable and no later than 1 March 2021, lay a report before the Scottish Parliament on the use of acoustic deterrent devices on land constituting a fish farm.

(2)A report under subsection (1) must include—

(a)information on the use made of acoustic deterrent devices on Scottish fish farms,

(b)any known impacts that the use of acoustic deterrent devices has on marine mammals,

(c)consideration of whether the use of acoustic deterrent devices on Scottish fish farms is sufficiently monitored,

(d)consideration of whether existing provision on protection of animals and wildlife in relation to the use of acoustic deterrent devices on Scottish fish farms is sufficient, and

(e)any future plans for regulation of the use of acoustic deterrent devices.

Review of requirements for additional animal welfare, animal health and wildlife offences

16Review of requirements for additional animal welfare, animal health and wildlife offences

(1)The Scottish Ministers must conduct a review of whether the provisions of this Act are sufficient to ensure appropriate standards of animal welfare, animal health and protection of wildlife.

(2)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), the review must in particular consider whether provision should be made—

(a)for a specific offence of theft of a pet,

(b)to prohibit the attaching, or causing or permitting the attaching, to a dog or other animal of a collar or other wearable device designed to administer an electric shock,

(c)about the appropriate penalties to be available for any such offences.

(3)The review must be completed as soon as practicable and no later than 1 April 2025.

(4)On completing the review, the Scottish Ministers must—

(a)lay a report on the review before the Scottish Parliament,

(b)publish the report in such manner as they consider appropriate.

(5)The report under subsection (4) must include a statement of—

(a)the action, if any, the Scottish Ministers intend to take as a result of the review,

(b)where the Scottish Ministers do not intend to take steps to make provision for the matters in paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (2), their reasons for this.

Information sharing report

17Information sharing report

(1)Before the end of the period of 5 years beginning with the day after this section comes into force, the Scottish Ministers must publish and lay before the Scottish Parliament a report setting out—

(a)an assessment of the steps that have been taken to ensure information sharing in relation to persons to whom subsection (3) applies, and

(b)the steps the Scottish Ministers are taking to further progress such information sharing.

(2)A report under subsection (1) may include such other information as the Scottish Ministers consider appropriate.

(3)This subsection applies to a person who has, in relation to an offence listed in subsection (4), been—

(a)issued with a fixed penalty notice, or

(b)convicted and whose sentence includes—

(i)a fine,

(ii)a period of imprisonment,

(iii)a disqualification order (within the meaning given in section 40 of the 2006 Act), or

(iv)a community payback order (within the meaning given in section 227A of the Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010).

(4)The offences and convictions are offences and convictions under—

(a)the Animal Health Act 1981,

(b)the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981,

(c)the Protection of Badgers Act 1992,

(d)the Conservation (Natural Habitats, etc.) Regulations 1994,

(e)the Deer (Scotland) Act 1996,

(f)the Wild Mammals (Protection) Act 1996,

(g)the Protection of Wild Mammals (Scotland) Act 2002,

(h)the 2006 Act.

(5)In preparing the report, the Scottish Ministers may consult such persons as they consider appropriate.

Protection of certain wild animals

18Protection of certain wild animals

(1)The Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 10A (protection of wild hares etc.), in subsection (2), paragraph (a) is repealed.

(3)In schedule 5—

(a)after the entry in the first column for “Grasshopper, Wart-biter” insert—

Hare, mountain,

(b)at the corresponding place in the second column insert—

Lepus timidus.

(4)In schedule 5A—

(a)in the first column, the entry for “Hare, mountain” is repealed,

(b)in the second column, the entry for “Lepus timidus” is repealed.

CHAPTER 2Animal welfare: powers in relation to animals taken into possession

19Taking possession of animals: additional powers

In the 2006 Act, after section 32 insert—

32APowers of authorised person where animal taken into possession

(1)Where a protected animal has been taken into possession under section 32, an authorised person may—

(a)without the consent of the owner of the animal or of any other person who is responsible for it, and

(b)without having applied for or obtained an order under section 34,

take any of the steps mentioned in subsection (2) (in this section and in sections 32B to 32M, “relevant steps”).

(2)The relevant steps are—

(a)administering treatment to the animal,

(b)transferring ownership of the animal to another person,

(c)destroying the animal.

(3)Subject to subsection (4), in deciding to take a relevant step, the authorised person must have regard to the desirability of—

(a)protecting the long-term welfare of the animal so far as it is reasonable to do so,

(b)where the relevant step is administering treatment to the animal, protecting the value of the animal,

(c)avoiding increasing any expenses which a person may be required to reimburse.

(4)An authorised person may decide to destroy the animal under subsection (1) only if a veterinary surgeon certifies that destruction of the animal is appropriate.

(5)An authorised person may take a relevant step only if—

(a)a notice has been served in accordance with sections 32B and 32C, and

(b)either—

(i)the time period specified in section 32D(3) has expired without an appeal being made to the court under section 32D, or

(ii)such an appeal having been made, subsection (6) applies.

(6)This subsection applies where—

(a)the court has made an order under section 32D(6)(a) or (c) permitting the relevant step to be taken, or

(b)the appeal has been determined without any order being made which prevents the relevant step being taken.

(7)Subsection (5) is subject to section 32E(6).

(8)If a relevant step may be taken under this section, the authorised person has all of the rights and powers an owner of the animal would have in relation to the taking of that step.

(9)This section is without prejudice to—

(a)the powers of inspectors and constables under sections 32 and 35,

(b)any other power or authority of an authorised person to take any relevant step or other action in relation to the animal.

(10)In this section and in sections 32B to 32M—

  • “authorised person” means—

    (a)

    an inspector or a constable who is caring for, or has arranged for the care of, the animal taken into possession under section 32,

    (b)

    any other person—

    (i)

    with whom an arrangement for the care of the animal has been made under section 32, and

    (ii)

    who is authorised by the Scottish Ministers to exercise the power to take relevant steps under this section,

    references to the “taking” of relevant steps include references to arranging for those steps to be taken (and cognate expressions are to be construed accordingly),

  • “treatment” means any treatment or procedure which has as its purpose—

    (a)

    the prevention, reduction or alleviation of a protected animal’s illness, disease, pain or discomfort,

    (b)

    the better management of the animal,

    (c)

    the health, safety or well-being of any other animal or person.

32BDecision notice for exercise of powers under section 32A: content

(1)Before taking a relevant step under section 32A(1), an authorised person must serve a notice (in this section and in sections 32C to 32M, a “decision notice”) specifying—

(a)a description of the protected animal,

(b)the date on which the animal was taken into possession under section 32,

(c)the relevant step that the authorised person intends to take in relation to the animal,

(d)the reason for taking that step (including, if the step is to destroy the animal, confirmation that a certificate has been obtained from a veterinary surgeon in accordance with section 32A(4)),

(e)how any compensation will be assessed and the process by which it may become payable in accordance with sections 32G to 32K if the step is taken,

(f)the effect of section 32L,

(g)how service of the decision notice affects rights to apply for court orders under sections 33 and 34,

(h)the procedure for appealing to the court in respect of the decision notice and the period within which such an appeal may be made.

(2)A decision notice which specifies a relevant step mentioned in section 32A(2)(b) need not include any details of the proposed transfer of ownership of the animal other than the fact that such a transfer is proposed.

(3)The authorised person may choose to include in the decision notice the market value of the animal at the time the animal was taken into possession under section 32.

(4)But see sections 32E(5) and 32F(5) which make further provision for when a decision notice may and may not be served.

32CDecision notice: service

(1)Before serving a decision notice, an authorised person must—

(a)make reasonable enquiries to establish the identity of the owner of the protected animal, or

(b)be satisfied that such reasonable enquiries have been made by another person.

(2)A decision notice must be served on the owner of the animal by—

(a)leaving it at the owner’s home or business address, or

(b)sending it to such an address by—

(i)a registered post service (as defined in section 125(1) of the Postal Services Act 2000), or

(ii)a postal service which provides for the delivery of the document to be recorded.

(3)A single decision notice may be served in respect of two or more animals where—

(a)those animals were taken into possession under section 32 under the same exercise of the power conferred by that section, and

(b)in the opinion of the authorised person, the animals have the same owner.

(4)The date of service of a decision notice is the date on which it was served under subsection (2).

(5)Evidence that a decision notice has been sent in accordance with subsection (2)(b)(i) or (ii) is sufficient evidence of service of it.

32DAppeal to the court in respect of decision notice

(1)A person mentioned in subsection (2) may appeal to the court for an order in respect of a decision notice.

(2)The person is—

(a)the owner of the protected animal to which the decision notice relates,

(b)any other person appearing to the court to have a sufficient concern for the animal.

(3)An appeal to the court under this section may only be made before the expiry of the period of 3 weeks beginning with the date of service of the decision notice.

(4)A person is entitled to be heard in relation to an appeal under subsection (1) if (despite not being the appellant) the person is—

(a)a person mentioned in subsection (2),

(b)an authorised person,

(c)an inspector (if not an authorised person),

(d)a constable who took the animal into possession under section 32 (if not an authorised person).

(5)The grounds on which an appeal to the court may be made under this section are that the decision to serve a decision notice or to specify any relevant step in it—

(a)is materially affected by an error of fact,

(b)is wrong in law,

(c)is unreasonable.

(6)The court may—

(a)make an order permitting the relevant step specified in the decision notice to be taken,

(b)make an order that the relevant step specified in the decision notice must not be taken,

(c)make an order varying the decision notice to permit a different relevant step to be taken in relation to the animal (including by varying a relevant step specified in the notice or by substituting for it another relevant step),

(d)make an order which would be available to the court on a valid application to it under subsection (1) of section 33 on the same terms as set out in that section,

(e)dispose of the proceedings in any other way it thinks fit.

(7)An order under subsection (6) may include—

(a)provision appointing a person who is to secure that the order is carried out,

(b)such other provision as the court considers appropriate in connection with the order.

(8)The decision of the court on an appeal under this section is final.

(9)If the court makes an order under subsection (6)(b), an authorised person may, subject to following the procedure in sections 32A to 32C, decide to take a different relevant step in relation to the animal.

(10)In this section, “court” means the sheriff.

32EEffect of decision notice on applications under section 33

(1)Subsections (2) to (4) and (6) set out how section 33 operates where a decision notice has been served specifying a relevant step mentioned in section 32A(2)(b) or (c) in respect of a protected animal (whether or not a step mentioned in section 32A(2)(a) is also specified).

(2)An application to the court for an order under section 33 in respect of the animal—

(a)may be made before the expiry of the period of 3 weeks beginning with the date of service of the decision notice,

(b)may not then be made unless and until one of the circumstances mentioned in subsection (3) occurs.

(3)Those circumstances are—

(a)the court makes an order under section 32D(6) which—

(i)results in no relevant step being permitted (other than a step mentioned in section 32A(2)(a)), and

(ii)does not result in the animal being returned to its owner or its ownership being transferred to another person,

(b)the relevant step specified in the decision notice is not taken within 1 year beginning with the date mentioned in subsection (4),

(c)an authorised person advises the owner in writing that the relevant step specified in the decision notice will not be taken.

(4)The date referred to in subsection (3)(b) is—

(a)the date on which the decision notice was served, provided that—

(i)no application under section 33 is made in accordance with subsection (2)(a), and

(ii)no appeal under section 32D is made in accordance with section 32D(3),

(b)where an application under section 33 made in accordance with subsection (2)(a) is rejected by the court, the date it is so rejected, provided no appeal is made,

(c)where a decision mentioned at paragraph (b) is appealed, the date on which the appeal is rejected,

(d)where an appeal under section 32D is made in accordance with section 32D(3) and the court makes an order under section 32D(6)(a) or (c) which results in a step mentioned in section 32A(2)(b) or (c) being permitted, the date of that order, or

(e)where such an appeal is determined without any order being made which prevents a relevant step (other than a step mentioned in section 32A(2)(a)) being taken, the date of that determination.

(5)If an application is made to the court under section 33 before a decision notice has been served—

(a)an authorised person may not serve such a notice in respect of the animal to which the application relates until the proceedings under section 33 are finally disposed of or abandoned, and

(b)if such a notice is served, it is of no effect.

(6)If an application is made to the court under section 33 in accordance with subsection (2), an authorised person may not take the relevant step specified in the decision notice in respect of the animal until the proceedings under section 33 are finally disposed of or abandoned.

32FEffect of decision notice on applications under section 34

(1)Subsections (2) to (4) set out how section 34 operates where a decision notice has been served specifying a relevant step mentioned in section 32A(2)(b) or (c) in respect of a protected animal (whether or not a step mentioned in section 32A(2)(a) is also specified).

(2)An application to the court for an order under section 34 in respect of the animal may not be made unless and until one of the circumstances mentioned in subsection (3) occurs.

(3)Those circumstances are—

(a)the court makes an order under section 32D(6) which—

(i)results in no relevant step being permitted (other than a step mentioned in section 32A(2)(a)), and

(ii)does not result in the animal being returned to its owner or its ownership being transferred to another person,

(b)the relevant step specified in the decision notice is not taken within 1 year beginning with the date mentioned in subsection (4),

(c)an authorised person advises the owner in writing that the relevant step specified in the decision notice will not be taken.

(4)The date referred to in subsection (3)(b) is—

(a)the date on which the decision notice was served, provided that—

(i)no application under section 33 is made in accordance with section 32E(2)(a), and

(ii)no appeal under section 32D is made in accordance with section 32D(3),

(b)where an application under section 33 made in accordance with section 32E(2)(a) is rejected by the court, the date it is so rejected, provided that no appeal is made,

(c)where a decision mentioned at paragraph (b) is appealed, the date on which the appeal is rejected,

(d)where an appeal under section 32D is made in accordance with section 32D(3) and the court makes an order under section 32D(6)(a) or (c) which results in a step mentioned in section 32A(2)(b) or (c) being permitted, the date of that order, or

(e)where such an appeal is determined without any order being made which prevents a relevant step (other than a step mentioned in section 32A(2)(a)) being taken, the date of that determination.

(5)If an application is made to the court under section 34 before a decision notice has been served—

(a)an authorised person may not serve such a notice in respect of the animal to which the application relates until the proceedings under section 34 are finally disposed of or abandoned, and

(b)if such a notice is served, it is of no effect.

32GCompensation notice for exercise of powers under section 32A

(1)If a relevant step specified in a decision notice is taken in relation to a protected animal, an authorised person must serve a notice (in this section and in sections 32H to 32M, a “compensation notice”) specifying—

(a)a description of the animal,

(b)which relevant step has been taken,

(c)the date on which the relevant step was taken,

(d)the compensation amount (if any) and how this has been calculated in accordance with section 32H,

(e)the effect the existence or possibility of relevant criminal proceedings may have on the payment of the compensation amount,

(f)the process for payment of any compensation amount,

(g)whether the authorised person is electing to defer payment of the compensation amount under section 32K(3),

(h)the procedure for appealing to the court in respect of the compensation amount under section 32J.

(2)Before serving a compensation notice, an authorised person must—

(a)make reasonable enquiries to establish the whereabouts of the relevant owner of the animal, or

(b)be satisfied that such reasonable enquiries have been made by another person.

(3)A compensation notice must be served on the relevant owner of the animal by—

(a)leaving it at the relevant owner’s home or business address,

(b)sending it to such an address by—

(i)a registered post service (as defined in section 125(1) of the Postal Services Act 2000), or

(ii)sending it by a postal service which provides for the delivery of the document to be recorded, or

(c)such other method as the court, on the application of the authorised person, determines.

(4)Subject to subsection (5), the authorised person must serve a compensation notice on the relevant owner of the animal within 3 months of a relevant step specified in the decision notice being taken.

(5)Where the decision notice specified more than one relevant step, the authorised person must serve a compensation notice on the relevant owner of the animal within 3 months of the earlier of—

(a)the last relevant step being taken,

(b)the expiry of the period of 1 year beginning with the date on which the first relevant step is taken.

(6)Where subsection (5)(b) applies, the authorised person must serve a compensation notice in respect of any other relevant step specified in the decision notice within 3 months of it being taken.

(7)A single compensation notice may be served in respect of two or more animals where—

(a)a single decision notice was served in respect of those animals by virtue of section 32C(3), and

(b)relevant steps have been taken by virtue of that notice in relation to all of those animals.

(8)Evidence that a compensation notice has been sent in accordance with subsection (3)(b)(i) or (ii) is sufficient evidence of service of it.

(9)In this section, “court” means the sheriff.

(10)In this section and in sections 32H to 32L—

  • “relevant criminal proceedings” means proceedings in respect of a relevant offence which arise from the circumstances which led to the protected animal being taken into possession under section 32,

  • “relevant offence” means an offence under any of the following—

    (a)

    sections 19 to 23,

    (b)

    section 24 or 25(7),

    (c)

    section 29,

    (d)

    section 40(11),

  • “relevant owner” means the person who was the owner of the animal at the time it was taken into possession under section 32.

32HCompensation amount

(1)This section provides for the calculation of the compensation amount which is to be specified in the compensation notice.

(2)Where the only relevant step specified in the decision notice is the step mentioned in section 32A(2)(a), the compensation amount is an amount equivalent to any decrease in the market value of the protected animal caused by the administration of the treatment, less any relevant expenses mentioned in subsection (4)(b).

(3)Where the relevant step specified in the decision notice is the step mentioned in section 32A(2)(b) or (c), or the step mentioned in section 32A(2)(a) along with another relevant step, the compensation amount is an amount equivalent to the greater of—

(a)the market value of the animal at the time it was taken into possession under section 32,

(b)the market value of the animal at the time immediately before the last relevant step specified in the compensation notice was taken, and

(c)any proceeds of sale of the animal,

less the amounts mentioned in subsection (4).

(4)The amounts referred to in subsections (2) and (3) are—

(a)any compensation amount which has been the subject of a previous compensation notice in respect of that animal, and

(b)any relevant expenses to the extent they have not been—

(i)reimbursed by or on behalf of the relevant owner, or

(ii)deducted from any amount in accordance with subsection (2) or (3) in relation to a previous compensation notice in respect of that animal.

(5)In this section and in sections 32I and 32L, “relevant expenses” means—

(a)any expenses reasonably incurred in relation to the animal after it was taken into possession under section 32,

(b)the reasonable costs of taking the relevant step specified in the compensation notice, and

(c)the reasonable costs of taking a relevant step specified in a previous compensation notice in respect of the animal,

to the extent that they have been incurred by or on behalf of an authorised person or, where the authorised person is an individual, the authorised person’s employer.

32IApplication of proceeds of sale

(1)This section applies where—

(a)a relevant step specified in the decision notice is the step mentioned in section 32A(2)(b), and

(b)that step is taken.

(2)Any proceeds of sale of the animal are to be applied by the authorised person in the following order—

(a)to meeting any liability of the relevant owner to reimburse any relevant expenses,

(b)to meeting any liability of the authorised person to pay any compensation amount to the relevant owner.

(3)The relevant owner’s entitlement to the compensation amount is instead of any entitlement any owner has to any proceeds of sale of the animal.

32JAppeal to court in respect of compensation amount

(1)The relevant owner of a protected animal may appeal to the court for an order in respect of the compensation amount.

(2)Subject to subsection (3), an appeal to the court under this section may only be made before the expiry of the period of 3 months beginning with the date of service of the compensation notice (or, if more than one notice has been served by virtue of section 32G(5) or (6), the last of those notices).

(3)Where the authorised person has deferred payment of the compensation amount under section 32K(3), an appeal to the court under this section may only be made within the period of 1 month beginning with the date determined in accordance with section 32K(4).

(4)A person is entitled to be heard in relation to an appeal under subsection (1) if the person is—

(a)an authorised person,

(b)an inspector (if not an authorised person),

(c)a constable who took the animal into possession under section 32 (if not an authorised person).

(5)The court may—

(a)order payment of the compensation amount specified in the compensation notice,

(b)order payment of a different compensation amount,

(c)order that no compensation be paid.

(6)The decision of the court on an appeal under this section is final.

(7)In this section, “court” means the sheriff.

32KPayment of compensation amount

(1)Subject to any order of a convicting court under section 32L that the relevant owner’s right to compensation is forfeited (in whole or in part), this section determines when the compensation amount becomes payable.

(2)Unless the authorised person opts to defer payment of it under subsection (3), the compensation amount becomes payable to the relevant owner (determined in accordance with subsection (6)) when either—

(a)the period within which an appeal to the court may be made under section 32J has expired without an appeal being made, or

(b)such an appeal having been made, the court has made an order under section 32J(5)(a) or (b).

(3)The authorised person may defer payment of the compensation amount where—

(a)relevant criminal proceedings have been commenced against the relevant owner and have not been concluded, or

(b)in the opinion of the authorised person, the relevant owner is at risk of having relevant criminal proceedings brought against them.

(4)Where the authorised person has deferred payment of the compensation amount, the compensation amount becomes payable to the relevant owner (determined in accordance with subsection (6)) as follows—

(a)where relevant criminal proceedings had been commenced before the compensation notice was served or such proceedings were commenced within the period of 1 year beginning with the date that notice was served, on the conclusion of those relevant criminal proceedings,

(b)otherwise, on the expiry of the period of 1 year beginning with the date on which the compensation notice was served.

(5)Once it has become payable, the compensation amount must be paid within 3 weeks of the relevant owner (determined in accordance with subsection (6)) providing details of the bank account to which payment may be made.

(6)The person who is determined to be the relevant owner for the purposes of this section is—

(a)in a case where no appeal has been made under section 32J and the authorised person is satisfied as to who the relevant owner is, that person,

(b)otherwise, the person determined by the court to be the relevant owner—

(i)on an appeal under section 32D in relation to the decision notice,

(ii)on an appeal under section 32J in relation to the compensation amount,

(iii)on an application under section 33 or 34, or

(iv)on an application to the court for the purposes of this subsection.

(7)Where the authorised person is unable to pay the compensation amount in accordance with subsection (5) (because the relevant owner has not provided the bank account details mentioned in that subsection or for some other reason), the authorised person may apply to the court for an order as to the disposal of the compensation amount.

(8)In subsections (6)(b)(iv) and (7), “court” means the sheriff.

32LForfeiture of compensation

(1)Where—

(a)a person is convicted of a relevant offence, and

(b)that conviction arises out of relevant criminal proceedings,

the convicting court may order that the person forfeits (in whole or in part) any right to compensation which would otherwise be due under this Part in respect of the protected animal to which the offence relates.

(2)Where the court makes an order under subsection (1), any compensation amount payable under section 32K is adjusted accordingly.

(3)An order under subsection (1) may include such other provision the court considers appropriate, including for the disposal of any proceeds of sale which would otherwise be applied under section 32I(2)(b) to meet the authorised person’s liability to pay the compensation amount to the relevant owner.

(4)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make provision for or in connection with the disposal of any proceeds of sale under subsection (3).

(5)Regulations under subsection (4) may modify any enactment (including this Act).

32MModification of powers over animals

(1)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make provision—

(a)about the content and service of decision notices and compensation notices, including, in particular, provision in relation to—

(i)the matters which must be specified in a notice,

(ii)the person on whom a notice must be served,

(iii)the method by which service of a notice may be effected (including how service may be effected other than in accordance with section 32C(2) or 32G(3)),

(iv)the date of service of a notice (including the evidence required to prove service has been effected),

(b)about the calculation and payment of the compensation amount, including, in particular—

(i)the person to whom the compensation amount may or must be paid,

(ii)the timing and procedure for payment of the compensation amount (including deferral of payment),

(iii)forfeiture of compensation,

(c)about appeals in relation to decision notices and compensation notices under sections 32D and 32J, including, in particular—

(i)the timing and procedure for an appeal,

(ii)the orders which a court may make on an appeal.

(2)Regulations under subsection (1) may—

(a)modify any enactment (including this Act),

(b)make different provision for different purposes..

20Taking possession of animals: amendment of existing powers

In section 32 (taking possession of animals) of the 2006 Act—

(a)in subsection (2), for “section 35 makes” substitute “sections 32A and 35 make”,

(b)after subsection (6)(b) insert—

(c)administer treatment (as defined in section 32A) to the animal, or arrange for treatment to be administered, but only where the treatment is, in the opinion of the inspector or constable, consistent with the long-term welfare of the animal and is unlikely to significantly—

(i)reduce the value of the animal, or

(ii)otherwise affect the character of the animal..

21Disposal orders where animals taken: restriction of application

In section 34 (disposal orders where animals taken) of the 2006 Act—

(a)in subsection (4), before “or” where it appears at the end of paragraph (d) insert—

(da)an authorised person (as defined in section 32A) who does not fall within paragraphs (b) to (d),,

(b)after that subsection insert—

(4A)A person mentioned in paragraphs (b) to (da) of subsection (4) may only make an application for an order under subsection (1) if a decision notice cannot be served under section 32C(2).,

(c)in subsection (5)(a), after “(c)” insert “, (da)”.

CHAPTER 3General provision

22Commencement

(1)The following sections come into force on the day after Royal Assent—

(a)section 17,

(b)this section,

(c)section 23.

(2)The other provisions of this Act come into force on such day as the Scottish Ministers may by regulations appoint.

(3)Regulations under this section may—

(a)include transitional, transitory or saving provision,

(b)make different provision for different purposes.

23Short title

The short title of this Act is the Animals and Wildlife (Penalties, Protections and Powers) (Scotland) Act 2020.

Yn ôl i’r brig

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