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The Burma/Myanmar (Financial Restrictions) Regulations 2009

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PART 3Prohibitions and licences

Freezing funds and economic resources of designated persons

6.—(1) A person (including the designated person) must not deal with funds or economic resources owned, held or controlled by a designated person unless authorised by a licence granted under regulation 10.

(2) In paragraph (1), “deal with” means—

(a)in respect of funds—

(i)use, alter, move, allow access to or transfer;

(ii)deal with in any other way that would result in any change in volume, amount, location, ownership, possession, character or destination;

(iii)make any other change that would enable use, including portfolio management; and

(b)in respect of economic resources, exchange or use in exchange for funds, goods or services.

(3) A person who contravenes the prohibition in paragraph (1) is guilty of an offence.

(4) In proceedings for an offence under this regulation, it is a defence for a person to show that they did not know, and had no reasonable cause to suspect, that the funds or economic resources were owned, held or controlled by a designated person.

Making funds and economic resources available to designated persons

7.—(1) A person must not make funds or economic resources available, directly or indirectly, to or for the benefit of a designated person unless authorised by a licence granted under regulation 10.

(2) A person who contravenes the prohibition in paragraph (1) is guilty of an offence.

(3) In proceedings for an offence under this regulation, it is a defence for a person to show that they did not know and had no reasonable cause to suspect funds or economic resources were being made available, directly or indirectly, to or for the benefit of a designated person.

Exceptions

8.—(1) It is not an offence under regulation 6 or 7 to credit a frozen account with—

(a)interest or other earnings on that account; or

(b)payments due under contracts, agreements or obligations that were concluded or arose before the first date on which the account became subject to the provisions of Regulation (EC) No. 1081/2000(1), Regulation (EC) No. 798/2004(2), Regulation (EC) No. 817/2006(3) or the EC Regulation.

(2) It is not an offence under regulation 7 for a relevant institution to credit a frozen account where it receives funds transferred to the account by a third party.

(3) For the avoidance of doubt, regulation 6 applies to any funds credited to a frozen account in accordance with this regulation.

(4) In this regulation—

“frozen account” means an account with a relevant institution which is held or controlled by a designated person;

“third party” means a person other than the account-holder or the relevant institution with which the account is maintained.

Circumvention

9.  Any person who participates, knowingly and intentionally, in activities the object or effect of which is, directly or indirectly, to—

(a)circumvent a prohibition in regulation 6(1) or 7(1), or

(b)enable or facilitate the commission of an offence under regulation 6 or 7,

is guilty of an offence.

Licences

10.—(1) The Treasury may grant a licence to disapply the prohibition in regulation 6(1) or 7(1) in relation to the acts specified in the licence.

(2) A licence may be—

(a)general or granted to a particular person or to a category of persons;

(b)subject to conditions;

(c)of indefinite duration or subject to an expiry date.

(3) The Treasury may vary or revoke a licence at any time.

(4) The Treasury, where they grant, vary or revoke a licence, must—

(a)in the case of a licence granted to a particular person, give written notice of the licence, variation or revocation to that person; and

(b)in the case of a general licence or a licence granted to a category of persons, take such steps as the Treasury consider appropriate to publicise the licence, variation or revocation

(5) Any person who, for the purpose of obtaining a licence, knowingly or recklessly makes any statement or furnishes any document or information which is false in a material particular is guilty of an offence.

(6) Any person who has done any act under the authority of a licence and who fails to comply with any conditions attaching to that licence is guilty of an offence.

(1)

Council Regulation (EC) No. 1081/2000 of 22 May 2000 prohibiting the sale, supply and export to Burma/Myanmar of equipment which might be used for internal repression or terrorism, and freezing the funds of certain persons related to important governmental functions in that country (O.J. L 22, 24.5.2000, p.29).

(2)

Council Regulation (EC) No. 798/2004 of 26 April 2004 renewing the restrictive measures in respect of Burma/Myanmar and repealing Regulation (EC) No. 1081/2000 (O.J. L 125, 28.4.2004, p.4).

(3)

Council Regulation (EC) No. 817/2006 renewing the restrictive measures in respect of Burma/Myanmar and repealing Regulation (EC) No. 798/2004 (O.J. L 148, 2.6.2006, p.1).

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