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Companies Clauses Consolidation Act 1845

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  1. Introductory Text

  2. [1.]. Act to apply to all companies incorporated by Acts hereafter to be passed.

  3. Interpretations in this Act

    1. 2.“the special Act.” “prescribed.” “the undertaking.”

    2. 3. Interpretations in this and the special Act: Number: Gender: “Lands:” “Lease:” “Month:” “Superior courts:” “Justice:” “Two justices:” “The company:” “Shareholder:” “Secretary.”

    3. 4. Short title of the Act.

    4. 5. Form in which portions of this Act may be incorporated with other Acts.

  4. Distribution of capital

    1. 6. Capital to be divided into shares.

    2. 7. Shares to be personal estate.

    3. 8. Shareholders.

    4. 9. Registry of shareholders.

    5. 10. Addresses of shareholders.

    6. 11. Certificates of shares to be issued to the shareholders.

    7. 12. Certificate to be evidence.

    8. 13. Certificate to be renewed when destroyed.

  5. Transfer of shares

    1. 14. Transfer of shares to be by deed duly stamped.

    2. 15. Transfers of shares to be registered, &c.

    3. 16. Transfer not to be made until calls paid.

    4. 17. Closing of transfer books.

    5. 18. Transmission of shares by other means than transfer to be authenticated by a declaration.

    6. 19. Proof of transmission by marriage, will, &c.

    7. 20. Company not bound to regard trusts.

  6. Payment of calls

    1. 21. Subscriptions to be paid when called for.

    2. 22. Power to make calls.

    3. 23. Interest to be paid on calls unpaid.

    4. 24. Power to allow interest on payment of subscriptions before call.

    5. 25. Enforcement of calls by action.

    6. 26. Declaration in action for calls.

    7. 27. Matter to be proved in action for calls.

    8. 28. Proof of proprietorship.

  7. Nonpayment of calls

    1. 29. Forfeiture of shares for nonpayment of calls.

    2. 30. Notice of forfeiture to be given before declaration thereof.

    3. 31. Forfeiture to be confirmed by a general meeting.

    4. 32. Sale of forfeited shares.

    5. 33. Evidence as to forfeiture of shares.

    6. 34. No more shares to be sold than sufficient for payment of calls.

    7. 35. On payment of calls before sale the forfeited shares to revert.

  8. Remedies against shareholders

    1. 36. Execution against shareholders to the extent of their shares in capital not paid up.

    2. 37. Reimbursement of such shareholders.

  9. Power to borrow money

    1. 38. Power to borrow money.

    2. 39. Power to re-borrow.

    3. 40. Evidence of authority for borrowing.

    4. 41. Mortgages and bonds to be stamped.

    5. 42. Rights of mortgagees.

    6. 43. Application of calls, notwithstanding mortgages.

    7. 44. Rights of obligees.

    8. 45. Register of mortgages and bonds.

    9. 46. Transfers of mortgages and bonds to be stamped.

    10. 47. Transfers of mortgages and bonds to be registered.

    11. 48. Payment of interest on monies borrowed.

    12. 49. Transfers of interest to be stamped.

    13. 50. Repayment of money borrowed at a time fixed.

    14. 51. Repayment of money borrowed where no time fixed.

    15. 52. Interest to cease on expiration of notice to pay off mortgage or bond.

    16. 53. Arrears of interest, when to be enforced by appointment of a receiver. Arrears of principal and interest.

    17. 54. Appointment of receiver.

    18. 55. Access to account books by mortgagees.

  10. Loans

    1. 56. Power to convert loan into capital.

    2. 57. New shares to be considered same as original shares.

    3. 58. If old shares at premium, new shares to be offered to the shareholders.

    4. 59. Shares to vest in the parties accepting; otherwise to be disposed of by the directors.

    5. 60. If not at a premium, to be issued as company think fit.

  11. Consolidation of shares

    1. 61. Power to consolidate shares into stock.

    2. 62. Proprietors of stock may transfer the same.

    3. 63. Register of stock.

    4. 64. Proprietors of stock entitled to dividends.

    5. 65. Application of capital.

  12. General meetings

    1. 66. Ordinary meetings to be held half-yearly.

    2. 67. Business at ordinary meetings.

    3. 68. Extraordinary meetings.

    4. 69. Business at extraordinary meetings.

    5. 70. Extraordinary meetings may be required by shareholders.

    6. 71. Notice of meetings.

    7. 72. Quorum for a general meeting.

    8. 73. Chairman at general meetings.

    9. 74. Business at meetings, and adjournments.

    10. 75. Votes of shareholders.

    11. 76. Manner of voting.

    12. 77. Regulations as to proxies.

    13. 78. Votes of joint shareholders.

    14. 79. Votes of lunatics and minors, &c.

    15. 80. Proof of a particular majority of votes only required in the event of a poll being demanded.

  13. Appointment and rotation of directors

    1. 81. Number of directors.

    2. 82. Power to vary the number of directors.

    3. 83. Election of directors.

    4. 84. Existing directors continued on failure of meeting for election of directors.

    5. 85. Qualification of directors.

    6. 86. Cases in which office of director shall become vacant.

    7. 87. Shareholder of incorporated joint stock company not disqualified by reason of contracts.

    8. 88. Rotation of directors.

    9. 89. Supply of occasional vacancies in office of directors.

  14. Powers of directors

    1. 90. Powers of the company to be exercised by the directors.

    2. 91. Powers of the company not to be exercised by the directors.

  15. Proceedings of directors

    1. 92. Meetings of directors.

    2. 93. Permanent chairman of directors.

    3. 94. Occasional chairman of directors.

    4. 95. Committees of directors.

    5. 96. Meetings of committees.

    6. 97. Contracts by committees or directors, how to be entered into.

    7. 98. Proceedings to be entered in a book, and to be evidence.

    8. 99. Informalities in appointment of directors not to invalidate proceedings.

    9. 100. Directors not to be personally liable. Indemnity of directors.

  16. Auditors

    1. 101. Election of auditors.

    2. 102. Qualification of auditors.

    3. 103. Rotation of auditors.

    4. 104. Vacancies in office of auditor.

    5. 105. Failure of meeting to elect auditor.

    6. 106. Delivery of balance sheet, &c. by directors to auditors.

    7. 107. Duty of auditors.

    8. 108. Powers of auditors.

  17. Accountability of officers

    1. 109. Security to be taken from officers intrusted with money.

    2. 110. Officers to account, on demand.

    3. 111. Summary remedy against parties failing to account.

    4. 112. Officers refusing to deliver up documents, &c. to be imprisoned.

    5. 113. Where officer about to abscond, a warrant may be issued in the first instance.

    6. 114. Sureties not to be discharged.

  18. Accounts

    1. 115. Accounts to be kept.

    2. 116. Books to be balanced.

    3. 117. Inspection of accounts by shareholders at stated times.

    4. 118. Balance sheet to be produced at the meeting.

    5. 119. Book-keeper to allow inspection of the accounts at the appointed times.

  19. Dividends

    1. 120. Previously to declaration of dividends a scheme to be prepared.

    2. 121. Dividend not to be made so as to reduce capital.

    3. 122. Power to directors to set apart a fund for contingencies.

    4. 123. Dividend not to be paid unless all calls paid.

  20. Bye laws

    1. 124. Power to make bye laws for the officers of the company.

    2. 125. Fines for breach of such bye laws.

    3. 126. Bye laws to be so framed as that penalties may be mitigated.

    4. 127. Evidence of bye laws.

  21. Arbitration

    1. 128. Appointment of arbitrator when questions are to be determined by arbitration.

    2. 129. Vacancy of arbitrator to be supplied.

    3. 130. Appointment of umpire.

    4. 131. Board of Trade empowered to appoint an umpire, on neglect of the arbitrators, in case of railway companies.

    5. 132. Power of arbitrators to call for books, &c.

    6. 133. Costs to be in the discretion of the arbitrators.

    7. 134. Submission to arbitration to be made rule of court.

  22. Notices

    1. 135. Service of notices upon company.

    2. 136. Service by company on shareholders.

    3. 137. Notices to joint proprietors of shares.

    4. 138. Notices by advertisement.

    5. 139. Authentication of notices.

    6. 140. Proof of debts in bankruptcy.

    7. 141.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  23. Recovery of Damages and Penalties

    1. 142. Provision for damages not otherwise provided for.

    2. 143.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    3. 144. Method of proceeding before justices in questions of damages, &c.

    4. 145. Publication of penalties.

    5. 146. Penalty for defacing boards used for such publication.

    6. 147. Penalties to be summarily recovered before two justices.

    7. 148, 149.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    8. 150. Distress how to be levied.

    9. 151. Distress not unlawful for want of form.

    10. 152.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    11. 153.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    12. 154. Damage to be made good in addition to penalty.

    13. 155.[Penalty on witnesses making default.

    14. 156. Transient offenders.

    15. 157.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    16. 158.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  24. Appeal

    1. 159.Parties allowed to appeal to quarter sessions on giving security.

    2. 160.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  25. Access to special Act

    1. 161. Copies of special Act to be kept and deposited, and allowed to be inspected.

    2. 162. Penalty on company failing to keep or deposit such copies.

    3. 163. Act not to extend to Scotland.

    4. 164. For recovering calls against shareholders residing in Scotland.

    5. 165.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  26. SCHEDULES referred to by the foregoing Act.

    1. SCHEDULE (A)

      Form of Certificate of Share.

    2. SCHEDULE (B)

      Form of Transfer of Shares of Stock.

      1. I , of , in consideration of the sum of...

    3. SCHEDULE (C)

      Form of Mortgage Deed.

    4. SCHEDULE (D)

      Form of Bond.

    5. SCHEDULE (E)

      Form of Transfer of Mortgage or Bond.

      1. I A.B. of , in consideration of the sum of...

    6. SCHEDULE (F)

      Form of Proxy.

    7. SCHEDULE (G)

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