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Public Health (Scotland) Act 1897 (repealed)

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  1. Introductory Text

  2. Preliminary

    1. 1. Short title.

    2. 2. Extent and commencement of Act.

    3. 3. Definitions.

    4. 4.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  3. Part I Authorities for Execution of Act

    1. Central Authority

      1. 5. Local Government Board to be central authority.

      2. 6. Powers of Board to inquire into sanitary conditions of district.

      3. 7.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      4. 8. Power to Board to appoint commissioners for conducting special inquiries.

      5. 9, 10.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      6. 11.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    2. Local Authorities

      1. 12. Local authorities for the purposes of the Act.

      2. 13, 14.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      3. 15.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  4. Part II Sanitary Provisions

    1. General Nuisances

      1. 16. Definition of nuisances.

      2. 17. Duty of local authority to inspect district for detection of nuisances.

      3. 18. Power of entry to local authority or their officers.

      4. 19. Information of nuisances to local authority.

      5. 20. Notice requiring removal of nuisance.

      6. 21. On non-compliance with notice local authority to proceed summarily.

      7. 22. Proceedings by local authority when nuisances are ascertained to exist.

      8. 23. Form of interlocutor.

      9. 24. Penalty for contravention of decree and of interdict.

      10. 25. Order when structural works are required.

      11. 26. Local authority to do works on owner’s or occupier’s default, or if person causing nuisance cannot be found.

      12. 27. Articles removed to be sold.

      13. 28.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      14. 29.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      15. 30. Penalty for injuring closet, &c. so as to cause nuisance.

      16. 31. Waterclosets, &c. used in common.

    2. Offensive Trades

      1. 32. Prohibition or regulation of certain offensive businesses, and byelaws as to offensive businesses.

      2. 33.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      3. 34.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      4. 35. Local authorities may make byelaws as to pigstyes.

      5. 36. Duty of local authority to complain to sheriff, &c. of nuisance arising from offensive trade.

      6. 37. Provision as to nuisance created by local authority in dealing with refuse.

    3. Scavenging and Cleansing

      1. 38.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      2. 39.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      3. 40. Houses in filthy state to be purified.

      4. 41. Provision for obtaining order for cleansing offensive ditches lying near to or forming boundaries of districts.

      5. 42. Periodical removal of manure from mews and other premises.

      6. 43.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  5. Part III General Prevention and Mitigation of Disease

    1. Infectious Diseases.—Notification

      1. 44. Notification of infectious disease.

    2. Infectious Diseases—Prevention

      1. 45.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      2. 46. Provision of means for disinfecting bedding, &c.

      3. 47. Cleansing and disinfecting of premises, &c.

      4. 48. Disinfection of bedding. &c.

      5. 49. Persons engaged in washing or mangling clothes to furnish list of owners of clothes in certain cases.

      6. 50. Infectious matter thrown into ash-pits, &c. to be disinfected.

      7. 51. Penalty on letting houses in which infected persons have been lodging.

      8. 52. Penalty on persons letting houses making false statements as to infectious disease.

      9. 53. Penalty on ceasing to occupy house without disinfection or notice to owner, or on making false answer.

      10. 54. Removal to hospital of infected persons without proper lodging.

      11. 55. Detention of infected persons without proper lodging in hospital.

      12. 56. Penalty on exposure of infected persons and things.

      13. 57. Penalty on sending child to school, so as to spread infection.

      14. 58. Prohibitions on infected person carrying on business

      15. 59. Prohibition on conveyance, &c. of infected person in public conveyance.

      16. 60, 61.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      17. 62. Prohibition of retention of dead body in certain cases.

      18. 63. Body of person dying of infectious disease in hospital, &c. to be removed only for burial.

      19. 64. Disinfection of public conveyances if used for carrying corpses.

      20. 65. Byelaws as to public conveyances.

    3. Hospitals and Ambulances

      1. 66. Power of local authority to provide hospitals.

      2. 67.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    4. Mortuaries, &c.

      1. 68. Power of local authority to provide mortuaries.

      2. 69. Power of sheriff, &c. in certain cases to order removal of dead body to mortuary.

      3. 70. Power of local authority to provide places for post-mortem examinations.

      4. 71. Power to sanitary authorities to unite for providing mortuary.

    5. Byelaws as to Houses let in Lodgings

      1. 72. Power of local authority to make byelaws as to lodging-houses.

    6. Tents and Vans

      1. 73. Tents and vans used for human habitation.

    7. Underground Dwellings

      1. 74. Rules as to underground dwellings.

      2. 75. Penalty on letting underground dwellings.

      3. 76. Cases in which two convictions have occurred within three months.

      4. 77.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  6. Part IV

    1. 78—88.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  7. Part V Regulation of Common Lodging-Houses

    1. 89. Common lodging-houses to be registered.

    2. 90. No lodger to be received in common lodging-house till it has been inspected and registered.

    3. 91. Evidence of register.

    4. 92. Power to local authority to make byelaws.

    5. 93. Copy of bye-laws, to be furnished gratis to keepers.

    6. 94. Power to local authority to require additional supply of water.

    7. 95. Power to local authority to order reports from keepers.

    8. 96. Local authority may remove sick persons to hospitals, &c.

    9. 97. As to giving notice of fever, &c. occurring.

    10. 98. Inspection.

    11. 99. Cleansing.

    12. 100. Conviction for third offence, &c. to disqualify persons from keeping common lodging-houses.

  8. Part VI Sewers, Drains, and Water Supply

    1. Sewers and Drains

      1. 101—112.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      2. 113.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      3. 114, 115.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      4. 116. Distilleries, &c. to deposit refuse.

      5. 117.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      6. 118.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      7. 119, 120.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      8. 121.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      9. 122.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      10. 123. Works of distribution of sewage to be deemed a land improvement.

      11. 124—130.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      12. 131.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      13. 132.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  9. Part VII Rating and Borrowing Powers

    1. 133, 134.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    2. 135, 136.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    3. 137.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    4. 138.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    5. Borrowing Powers

      1. 139.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      2. 140.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      3. 141. Power of borrowing for hospitals, &c.

      4. 142, 143.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  10. Part VIII Acquisition of Lands

    1. 144. Power to acquire lands.

    2. 145. Regulations as to compulsory purchase of land, &c.

  11. Part IX Legal Proceedings

    1. Enforcement of and Procedure under Act

      1. 146. Procedure if local authority neglect its duty under Act. Procedure under 18 & 19 VictoriaVict. c. 68.

      2. 147.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      3. 148. Procurator fiscal may sue by directions of Board.

      4. 149. Procedure where nuisance beyond district.

      5. 150. Local authority may require payment of costs, &c from owner or occupier, and occupier paying to deduct from rent.

      6. 151. Penalty for wilful damage of works.

      7. 152.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      8. 153. Recovery of penalties.

      9. 154. Form of applications to the sheriff, &c.

      10. 155. No written pleadings &c. allowed.

      11. 156. Appeal in certain cases.

      12. 156A.Appeal to sheriff or sheriff principal in certain cases: sections 54, 55 and 96

      13. 156B.Further appeal to sheriff principal: section 96 decision

      14. 156C.Further appeal to Court of Session: sections 54, 55 and 96

      15. 156D.Effect of appeal in relation to section 54 order, section 55 direction or section 96 decision

      16. 157. No appeal otherwise.

      17. 158. Justices, &c. being members of local authority may act.

      18. 159, 160.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      19. 161. One or more joint owners may be proceeded against alone.

      20. 162. Penalty on occupier obstructing owner.

      21. 163. Penalty for violating Act or obstructing its execution.

      22. 164. Compensation to be made.

      23. 165. Convictions not void for want of form.

      24. 166. Local authority or Board not liable for irregularity of their officers.

      25. 167.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      26. 168. Exemption from stamp duties.

      27. 169. Police constables to aid in executing Act.

      28. 170. Act not to impair right of action, &c.

      29. 171. Powers of Act cumulative.

  12. Part X Port Sanitary Authority

    1. 172. Constitution of port local authorities.

    2. 173. Jurisdiction of port local authority.

    3. 174. Delegation of powers by port local authority.

    4. 175. Expenses of port local authority.

    5. 176. Proceedings for raising a sum for payment of debt within district of a defaulting authority.

  13. Part XI Miscellaneous

    1. Provisions as to Ships

      1. 177. Provision as to ships within the jurisdiction of local authority.

      2. 178. Provision as to district of local authority extending to places where ships are lying.

      3. 179, 180.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      4. 181, 182.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      5. 183—188.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  14. Part XII Saving Clauses and Repeals

    1. Saving Clauses

      1. 189. Act not to affect navigation of rivers or canals, or irrigation of lands.

      2. 190. Saving of certain Acts.

      3. 191, 192.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      4. 193. Reference to Public Health Acts.

      5. 194. Exemption of Government property from building regulations.

      6. 195.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    2. Repeal of Acts

      1. 196. Repeal of Acts.

    1. FIRST SCHEDULE

      1. . . . . . . . . . ....

    2. SECOND SCHEDULE

      1. . . . . . . . . . ....

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