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Supreme Court of Judicature Act 1891

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Supreme Court of Judicature Act 1891

1891 CHAPTER 53

An Act to amend the Supreme Court of Judicature Acts.

[5th August 1891]

Be it enactedby the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:

Ex-Lord Chancellor to be a judge of Court of Appeal.

1Every person who has held the office of Lord Chancellor shall be an ex-officio judge of the Court of Appeal, but he shall not be required to sit and act as a judge of that court, unless upon the request of the Lord Chancellor he consents so to do, and while so sitting and acting he shall rank therein according to his precedence as a peer.

President 01 Probate, Divorce, and Admiralty Division.

2Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of a judge of the High Court who is president of the Probate, Divorce, and Admiralty Division thereof, it shall be lawful for Her Majesty, by letters patent, to appoint to that office as president of the said division any person who is a barrister of not less than fifteen years' standing, or who is a judge of the High Court or Court of Appeal, and the person so appointed shall, without prejudice to the rights of any judge of the Supreme Court existing at the passing of this Act, take precedence in court next after all ordinary judges of the Court of Appeal appointed before the time at which he shall become an ordinary or ex-officio member thereof.

Assessors in House of Lords.

3For the purpose of aiding the House of Lords in the hearing and determination of appeals in Admiralty actions, the House may, in any such appeal in which it may think it expedient to do so, call in the aid of one or more assessors specially qualified, and hear such appeal wholly or partially with the assistance of such assessors. This section shall be carried into effect in pursuance of Orders made by the House of Lords.

4Explanation of position of High Court of Justice under 27 & 28 Vict, c.25.

Whereas doubts have arisen with respect to the position of the High Court in England and appeals therefrom in cases of prize, and it is expedient to remove such doubts: Be it therefore enacted as follows:

(1)The High Court in England shall be a prize court within the meaning of the Naval Prize Act, 1864, and shall have all such jurisdiction on the high seas, and throughout Her Majesty's dominions, and in every place where Her Majesty has jurisdiction, as under the Naval Prize Act, 1864, or otherwise the High Court of Admiralty possessed when acting as a prize court.

(2)Subject to rules of court, all causes and matters within the jurisdiction of the High Court under this Act as a prize court shall be assigned to the Probate, Divorce, and Admiralty Division of the Court.

(3)Any appeal from the High Court when acting as a prize court shall lie only to Her Majesty in Council, in accordance with the Naval Prize Act, 1864.

Short titles and construction.

5This Act may be cited as the Supreme Court of Judicature Act, 1891, and shall be construed as one with the Supreme Court of Judicature Acts, 1873 to 1890, which Acts, with this Act, may be cited together as the Judicature Acts, 1873 to 1891.

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