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U.K.

Pedlars Act 1871

1871 CHAPTER 96 34 and 35 Vict

An Act for granting Certificates to Pedlars.

[21st August 1871]X1

Editorial Information

X1This Act is not necessarily in the form in which it has effect in Northern Ireland.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Preamble omitted under authority of Statute Law Revision (No. 2) Act 1893 (c. 54)

C2References to Ireland to be construed as exclusive of Republic of Ireland: S.R. & O. 1923/405 (Rev. X, p. 298: 1923, p. 400), art. 2

C3This Act is not necessarily in the form in which it has effect in Northern Ireland

PreliminaryU.K.

1 Short title.U.K.

This Act may be cited as “The Pedlars Act 1871.

2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F1U.K.

3 Interpretation of certain terms in this Act. “Pedlar”.U.K.

In this Act, if not inconsistent with the context, the following terms have the meanings hereinafter respectively assigned to them; that is to say,—

  • The term “pedlar” means any hawker, pedlar, petty chapman, tinker, caster of metals, F2... or other person who, without any horse or other beast bearing or drawing burden, travels and trades on foot and goes from town to town or to other men’s houses, carrying to sell or exposing for sale any goods, wares, or merchandise, or procuring orders for goods, wares, or merchandise immediately to be deliveredF3...;

  • . . . F4

  • F5. . .

Textual Amendments

F2Words in s. 3 omitted (28.12.2009) by virtue of The Provision of Services Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2999), regs. 1(2), 45(1)(a) (with regs. 2, 5)

F5Definiton in s. 3 repealed (5.11.1993) by 1993 c. 50, s. 1(1), Sch. 1 Pt. I Group 1.

Certificates to be obtained by PedlarsU.K.

4 No one to act as a pedlar without certificate.U.K.

No person shall act as a pedlar without such certificate as in this Act mentioned, or in any district where he is not authorized by his certificate so to act.

Any person who—

(1)acts as a pedlar without having obtained a certificate under this Act authorizing him so to act;

. . . F6

shall be liable for a first offence to a penalty not exceeding [F7level 1 on the standard scale], and for any subsequent offence to a penalty not exceeding [F7level 1 on the standard scale] .

5 Grant of certificate. E+W+S

The following regulations shall be made with respect to the grant of pedlar certificates:

(1)Subject as in this Act mentioned, a pedlar’s certificate shall be granted to any person by the chief officer of police [F8for the police area]in which the person applying for a certificate has, during one month previous to such application, resided, on such officer being satisfied that the applicant is above seventeen years of age, is a person of good character, and in good faith intends to carry on the trade of a pedlar:

(2)An application for a pedlar’s certificate shall be in the form specified in schedule two to this Act, or as near thereto as circumstances admit:

(3)There shall be paid for a pedlar’s certificate previously to the delivery thereof to the applicant a fee of [F9£12.25]

(4)A pedlar’s certificate shall be in the form specified in schedule two to this Act, or as near thereto as circumstances admit:

(5)A pedlar’s certificate shall remain in force for one year from the date of issue thereof, and no longer:

(6)On the delivery up of the old certificate, or on sufficient evidence being produced to the satisfaction of the chief officer of police that the old certificate has been lost, that officer may, either at the expiration of the current year, or during the currency of any year, grant a new certificate in the same manner as upon a first application for a pedlar’s certificate. In Great Britain one of Her Majesty’s Principal Secretaries of State, and in Ireland the Lord Lieutenant may from time to time provide for the expiration of all pedlars certificates at the same period of each year, and in doing so shall provide for the apportionment of the fees payable in respect of any such certificate.

Extent Information

E1This version of this provision extends to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate version has been created for Northern Ireland only

Textual Amendments

F8Words in s. 5(1) substituted (22.8.1996) by 1996 c. 16, ss. 103(1), 104(1), Sch. 7 Pt. II para. 2

F9Words substituted (E.W.) by virtue of S.I 1985/2027. art. 2 and (S.) by virtue of S.I. 1985/2054, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C4Power to amend s. 5 (E.W.) conferred by Local Government Act 1966 (c. 42), s. 35(2), Sch. 3 Pt. II para. 8

5 Grant of certificate.N.I.

The following regulations shall be made with respect to the grant of pedlar certificates:

(1)Subject as in this Act mentioned, a pedlar’s certificate shall be granted to any person by the chief officer of police of the police district in which the person applying for a certificate has, during one month previous to such application, resided, on such officer being satisfied that the applicant is above seventeen years of age, is a person of good character, and in good faith intends to carry on the trade of a pedlar:

(2)An application for a pedlar’s certificate shall be in the form specified in schedule two to this Act, or as near thereto as circumstances admit:

(3)There shall be paid for a pedlar’s certificate previously to the delivery thereof to the applicant a fee of [F35£12.25]

(4)A pedlar’s certificate shall be in the form specified in schedule two to this Act, or as near thereto as circumstances admit:

(5)A pedlar’s certificate shall remain in force for one year from the date of issue thereof, and no longer:

(6)On the delivery up of the old certificate, or on sufficient evidence being produced to the satisfaction of the chief officer of police that the old certificate has been lost, that officer may, either at the expiration of the current year, or during the currency of any year, grant a new certificate in the same manner as upon a first application for a pedlar’s certificate. In Great Britain one of Her Majesty’s Principal Secretaries of State, and in Ireland the [F36Department for Social Development may by order provide] for the expiration of all pedlars certificates at the same period of each year, and in doing so shall provide for the apportionment of the fees payable in respect of any such certificate.

Extent Information

E6This version of this provision extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate version has been created for England, Wales and Scotland only

Textual Amendments

F35Words substituted (N.I.) by virtue of S.R. 1985/350. art. 2(1)

F36Words in s. 5(6) substituted (2.12.1999) by S.I. 1999/663, arts. 1(2), 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 6(1) (with art. 5)

6 Effect of certificate.U.K.

. . . F10

For the purpose of the M1Markets and Fairs Clauses Act 1847, and any Act incorporating the same, a certificate under this Act shall have the same effect, within the district for which it is granted, as a hawkers license, and the term “licensed hawker” in the first-mentioned Act shall be construed to include a pedlar holding such a certificate.

Textual Amendments

Marginal Citations

7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F11U.K.

Textual Amendments

8 Register of certificates to be kept in each district.E+W+S

There shall be kept in each [F12police area] a register of the certificates . . . F13 granted . . . F13 in [F14the area]under this Act, in such form and with such particulars as may from time to time be directed in Great Britain by one of Her Majesty’s Principal Secretaries of State, and in Ireland by the Lord Lieutenant.

The entries in such register, and any copy of any of such entries, certified by the chief officer of police to be a true copy, shall be evidence of the facts stated therein.

Extent Information

E2This version of this provision extends to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate version has been created for Northern Ireland only

Textual Amendments

F12Words in s. 8 substituted (22.8.1996) by 1996 c. 16, ss. 103(1), 104(1), Sch. 7 Pt. II para. 3(a)

F14Words in s. 8 substituted (22.8.1996) by 1996 c. 16, ss. 103(1), 104(1), Sch. 7 Pt. II para. 3(b)

8 Register of certificates to be kept in each district.N.I.

There shall be kept in each police district a register of the certificates . . . F37 granted . . . F37 in such district under this Act, in such form and with such particulars as may from time to time be directed in Great Britain by one of Her Majesty’s Principal Secretaries of State, and in Ireland by the [F38Department for Social Development].

The entries in such register, and any copy of any of such entries, certified by the chief officer of police to be a true copy, shall be evidence of the facts stated therein.

Extent Information

E7This version of this provision extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate version has been created for England, Wales and Scotland only

Textual Amendments

F38Words in s. 8 substituted (2.12.1999) by S.I. 1999/663, arts. 1(2), 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 6(2) (with art. 5)

9 Forms of application to be kept at chief police office.E+W+S

Forms of applications for certificates shall be kept at every police office in every [F15police area], and shall be given gratis to any person applying for the same; and all applications for certificates shall be delivered at the police office of the division or subdivision of the [F15police area] within which the applicant resides, and certificates, when duly signed by the chief officer of police, shall be issued at such office.

Extent Information

E3This version of this provision extends to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate version has been created for Northern Ireland only

Textual Amendments

F15Words in s. 9 substituted (22.8.1996) by 1996 c. 16, ss. 103(1), 104(1), Sch. 7 Pt. II para. 4

9 Forms of application to be kept at chief police office.N.I.

Forms of applications for certificates shall be kept at every police office in every police district, and shall be given gratis to any person applying for the same; and all applications for certificates shall be delivered at the police office of the division or subdivision of the police district within which the applicant resides, and certificates, when duly signed by the chief officer of police, shall be issued at such office.

Extent Information

E8This version of this provision extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate version has been created for England, Wales and Scotland only

10 Certificate not to be assigned.U.K.

A person to whom a pedlar’s certificate is granted under this Act shall not lend, transfer, or assign the same to any other person, and any person who lends, transfers, or assigns such certificate to any other person shall for each offence be liable to a penalty not exceeding [F16level 1 on the standard scale].

Textual Amendments

11 Certificate not to be borrowed.U.K.

No person shall borrow or make use of a pedlar’s certificate granted to any other person, and any person who borrows or makes use of such certificate shall for each offence be liable to a penalty not exceeding [F17level 1 on the standard scale].

Textual Amendments

12 Penalty for forging certificate. U.K.

Any person who commits any of the following offences; (that is to say,)

(1)Makes false representations with a view to obtain a pedlar’s certificate under this Act:

[F18(2)Forges or counterfeits a pedlar’s certificate granted under this Act:]

(3) . . . F19

[F18(4)Aids in making or procures to be made such forged or counterfeited certificate . . . F19]

[F18(5)Travels with, produces, or shows any such forged or counterfeited certificate . . . F19]

shall for the first offence be liable to a penalty not exceeding [F20level 2 on the standard scale], and for any subsequent offence, either instead of or in addition to such penalty, to be imprisoned for any term not exceeding six months, . . . F21

Textual Amendments

F18S. 12, paras. (2), (4) and (5) repealed (E.W.N.I.) by Forgery and Counterfeiting Act 1981 (c. 45, SIF 39:7), s. 30, Sch. Pt. I

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Criminal Justice Act 1982 (c. 48, SIF 39:1), ss. 35 (in relation to liability on first and subsequent convictions), applies (E.W.)

C7Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1975 (c. 21, SIF 39:1), s. 289E (in relation to liability on first and subsequent convictions), applies (S.)

[F2213 No exemption from vagrant law.U.K.

A person shall not be exempt from the provisions of any Act relative to idle and disorderly persons, rogues, and vagabonds, by reason only that he holds a certificate under this Act, or assists or is accompanying a pedlar holding a certificate under this Act.]

Textual Amendments

F22S. 13 as it applies to England and Wales repealed by Statute Law (Repeals) Act 1989 (c. 43), s. 1(1), Sch. 1 Pt. I Gp. 4

14 Convictions to be indorsed on certificate.U.K.

If any pedlar is convicted of any offence under this Act, the court, before which he is convicted shall indorse or cause to be indorsed on his certificate a record of such conviction.

The indorsements made under this Act on a pedlar’s certificate shall be evidence of the facts stated therein.

15 Appeal against refusal of certificate by chief officer of police.U.K.

If the chief officer of police refuses to grant . . . F23 a certificate, the applicant may appeal to a court of summary jurisdiction having jurisdiction in the place where such grant . . . F23 was refused, in accordance with the following provisions:

(1)The applicant shall, within one week after the refusal, give to the chief officer of police notice in writing of the appeal:

(2)The appeal shall be heard at the sitting of the court which happens next after the expiration of the said week, but the court may, on the application of either party, adjourn the case:

(3)The court shall hear and determine the matter of the appeal, and make such order thereon, with or without costs to either party, as to the court seems just:

(4)An appeal under this Act to a court of summary jurisdiction in England or Ireland shall be deemed to be a matter on which that court has authority by law to make an order in pursuance of the Summary Jurisdiction Acts, and in Scotland the court may adjudicate on matters arising under this section, in accordance with the enactments relating to the exercise of their ordinary jurisdiction:

(5)Any certificate, . . . F23 granted . . . F23 in pursuance of an order of the court, shall have the same effect as if it had been originally granted . . . F23 by the chief officer of police.

Textual Amendments

16 Deprivation of pedlars of certificates by court.U.K.

Any court before which any pedlar is convicted of any offence, whether under this or any other Act, or otherwise, may, if he or they think fit, deprive such pedlar of his certificate; and any such court shall deprive such pedlar of his certificate if he is convicted of begging.

Any court of summary jurisdiction may summon a pedlar holding a certificate under this Act to appear before them, and if he fail to appear, or on appearance to satisfy the court that he is in good faith carrying on the business of a pedlar, shall deprive him of his certificate.

Duties of PedlarsU.K.

17 Pedlar to show certificate to certain persons on demand.U.K.

Any pedlar shall at all times, on demand, produce and show his certificate to any of the following persons; (that is to say,)

(1)Any justice of the peace; or

(2)Any constable or officer of police; or

(3)Any person to whom such pedlar offers his goods for sale; or

(4)Any person in whose private grounds or premises such pedlar is found:

And any pedlar who refuses, on demand, to show his certificate to, and allow it to be read and a copy thereof to be taken by, any of the persons hereby authorized to demand it, shall for each offence be liable to a penalty not exceeding [F24level 1 on the standard scale] .

Textual Amendments

18. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F25U.K.

19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F26U.K.

Legal ProceedingsU.K.

20 Summary proceedings for offences, &c.U.K.

In England and Ireland all offences and penalties under this Act may be prosecuted and recovered in manner directed by the Summary Jurisdiction Acts, before a court of summary jurisdiction.

In Scotland all offences and penalties under this Act shall be prosecuted and recovered before a court of summary jurisdiction under the provisions of [F27Part II of the M2Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1975], and all necessary powers are hereby conferred on such court.

F28. . .

Textual Amendments

F28Words in s. 20 repealed (5.11.1993) by 1993 c. 50, s. 1(1), Sch. 1 Pt. I Group1.

Marginal Citations

21 Application of fees.E+W+S

All fees received under this Act in England and Ireland shall be applied in manner in which penalties recoverable under this Act are applicable.

All fees received under this Act in Scotland shall be accounted for and paid to the collector of the . . . F29[F30police area] in which they are received, . . . F29

Extent Information

E4This version extends to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate version has been created for Northern Ireland only

Textual Amendments

F30Word in s. 21 substituted (22.8.1996) by 1996 c. 16, ss. 103(1), 104(1), Sch. 7 Pt. II para. 5

21 Application of fees.N.I.

All fees received under this Act in England and Ireland shall be applied in manner in which penalties recoverable under this Act are applicable.

All fees received under this Act in Scotland shall be accounted for and paid to the collector of the . . . F39 district in which they are received, . . . F39

Extent Information

E9This version of this provision extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate version has been created for England, Wales and Scotland only

Textual Amendments

MiscellaneousU.K.

22 Deputy of chief officer of police.U.K.

Any act or thing by this Act authorized to be done by the chief officer of police may be done by any police officer under his command authorized by him in that behalf, and the term “chief officer of police” in this Act includes, in relation to any such act or thing, the police officer so authorized.

23 Certificate not required by commercial travellers, sellers of fish, or sellers in fairs.U.K.

Nothing in this Act shall render it necessary for a certificate to be obtained by the following persons as such; (that is to say,)

(1)Commercial travellers or other persons selling or seeking orders for goods, wares, or merchandise to or from persons who are dealers therein and who buy to sell again, or selling or seeking orders for books as agents authorized in writing by the publishers of such books:

(2)Sellers of vegetables, fish, fruit, or victuals:

(3)Persons selling or exposing to sale goods, wares, or merchandise in any public mart, market, or fair legally established.

24 Reservation of powers of local authority.U.K.

Nothing in this Act shall take away or diminish any of the powers vested in any local authority by any general or local Act in force in the district of such local authority.

25. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F31U.K.

Textual Amendments

SCHEDULES

F32F32SCHEDULE ONEU.K.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Section 5.

SCHEDULE TWOU.K. Form A

Form of Application for Pedlar’s Certificate.

1U.K.I,A.B. [Christian and surname of applicant in full] have during the last calendar month resided at in the parish of in the county of

2U.K.I am by trade and occupation a [here state trade and occupation of applicant, e.g., that he is a hawker, pedlar, &c.]

3U.K.I am years of age.

4E+W+SI apply for a certificate under the Pedlars Act 1871, authorizing me to act as a pedlar within the [F33police area].

Dated this day of (Signed)A.B.

Form B.

Form of Pedlar’s Certificate

In pursuance of the Pedlars Act 1871, I certify thatA.B. [name of applicant] of in the county of aged years, is hereby authorized to act as a pedlar within the [F33police area] for a year from the date of this certificate. [To be altered, if necessary, to correspond to any order of the Secretary of State or Lord Lieutenant of Ireland as to time of expiration of licenses.]

Certified this day of A.D. (Signed)

The certificate will expire on the day of A.D.

Form C.

. . . F34

Extent Information

E5This version of this provision extends to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate version has been created for Northern Ireland only

Textual Amendments

F33Words in the Second Schedule substituted (22.8.1996) by 1996 c. 16, ss. 103(1), 104(1), Sch. 7 Pt. II para. 6

4N.I.I apply for a certificate under the Pedlars Act 1871, authorizing me to act as a pedlar within the police district.

Dated this day of (Signed)A.B.

Form B.

Form of Pedlar’s Certificate

In pursuance of the Pedlars Act 1871, I certify thatA.B. [name of applicant] of in the county of aged years, is hereby authorized to act as a pedlar within the police district for a year from the date of this certificate. [To be altered, if necessary, to correspond to any order of the Secretary of State or [F40Department for Social Development] as to time of expiration of licenses.]

Certified this day of A.D. (Signed)

The certificate will expire on the day of A.D.

Form C.

. . . F41

Extent Information

E10This version of this provision extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate version has been created for England, Wales and Scotland only

Textual Amendments

F40Words in Sch. 2 para. 4 substituted (2.12.1999) by S.I. 1999/663, arts. 1(2), 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 6(3) (with art. 5)

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