- Latest available (Revised)
- Original (As enacted)
There are outstanding changes not yet made by the legislation.gov.uk editorial team to Agriculture (Scotland) Act 1948. Any changes that have already been made by the team appear in the content and are referenced with annotations.
Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. Changes and effects are recorded by our editorial team in lists which can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area. Where those effects have yet to be applied to the text of the legislation by the editorial team they are also listed alongside the legislation in the affected provisions. Use the ‘more’ link to open the changes and effects relevant to the provision you are viewing.
This section lists the commencement orders yet to be applied to the whole Act. These effects are included in this view as they may be (but won’t necessarily be) relevant to the specific provision that you are viewing. Where applicable the commencement orders are listed under two headings, firstly those that bring some part of the Act you are viewing into force and secondly, those that bring into force legislation that affects some part of the legislation you are viewing. If you are viewing a prospective version or there is a prospective version available there may be commencement orders listed here that are relevant to the provision you are viewing.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F2
1Where the Secretary of State gives to a person a direction under section . . . F3 thirty-five of this Act requiring the ploughing-up of any land consisting of permanent pasture, compliance with the direction shall, notwithstanding the provisions of any lease or instrument affecting the land or any custom, not render the said person liable thereby to sow it again at his own expense, or to pay any sum by way of increased rent, damages or penalty, or to suffer any forfeiture by reason of the ploughing-up or of the failure to sow it again; and for the purposes of any provision of any such lease or instrument as aforesaid, any custom or any provision of Part I of this Act the land shall thereafter be deemed to be arable land and to have been arable land at all material times.S
2Where in the case of an occupier who is a tenant the Secretary of State gives such a direction as aforesaid, . . . F4, he may, after affording to the landlord and to the tenant an opportunity of making representations to the Secretary of State, whether in writing or on being heard by a person appointed by the Secretary of State, order that the lease shall have effect as if it provided that on quitting the holding on the termination of the tenancy the tenant should leave—S
(a)as permanent pasture, or
(b)as temporary pasture sown with a seeds mixture of such kind as may be specified in the order,
such area of land (in addition to the land required by the lease, as modified by the direction, to be maintained as permanent pasture) as may be so specified, so however that the area required to be left as aforesaid shall not exceed the area by which the land required by the lease to be maintained as permanent pasture has been reduced by virtue of the direction.
3(1)Notwithstanding anything in the provisions of Part I of this Act or any custom or agreement—S
(a)no compensation shall be payable to the tenant in respect of anything done in pursuance of an order under the last foregoing paragraph;
(b)in assessing compensation to an outgoing tenant of a holding (as defined in the Act of 1923) where land has been ploughed up in pursuance of any such direction as aforesaid, the value per acre of any tenant’s pasture comprised in the holding shall be taken not to exceed the average value [F5per hectare] of the whole of the tenant’s pasture comprised in the holding on the termination of the tenancy.
(2)In this paragraph the expression “tenant’s pasture” means pasture laid down at the expense of the tenant or paid for by the tenant on entering the holding.
4 . . . F6 paragraph 1 of this Schedule shall have effect as if references to the ploughing-up of permanent pasture included references to the carrying out, on land which apart from the direction the occupier is under an obligation to cultivate in a particular way, of any other act of cultivation specified in the direction, and references to the sowing of land again and to arable land shall be construed accordingly.S
5Where the ploughing-up of permanent pasture or the carrying out of any other act of cultivation is reasonably necessary in consequence of the giving of a direction, this Schedule shall apply as if the ploughing-up or other act of cultivation were required by the direction and specified therein; and . . . F7 subsection (5) of section thirty-five of this Act shall be construed accordingly.S
Modifications etc. (not altering text)
1The names of the parties.S
2Particulars of the holding with sufficient description, by reference to a map or plan, of the fields and other parcels of land comprised therin to identify the extent of the holding.S
3The term or terms for which the holding or different parts thereof is or are agreed to be let.S
4The rent and dates on which it is payable.S
5An undertakiing by the landlord in the event of damage by fire to any building comprised in the holding to reinstate or replace the building if its reinstatement or replacement is required for the fulfilment of his reponsibilities to manage the holding in accordance with the rules of good estate management, and (where the interest of the landlord is held for the purposes of a government department or person representing His Majesty under section forty-five of the Act of 1923 is deemded to be the landlord, or where the landlord has made provision approved by the Secretary of State for defraying the cost of any such reinstatement or replacement as aforesaid) an undertaking by the landlord to insure to their full value all such buildings against damage by fire.S
6An undertaking by the tenant, in the event of the destruction by fire of harvested crops grown on the holding the full equivalent manurial value of the crops destroyed, in so far as the return thereof is required for the fulfilment of his responsibilities to farm in accordance with the rules of good husbandry, and (except where the interest of the tenant is held for the purposes of a government department or where the tenant has made provision approved by the Secretary of State in lieu of such insurance) an undertaking by the tenant to insure to their full value all dead stock on the holding and all such harvested crops as aforesaid against damage by fire.S
Modifications etc. (not altering text)
1For the purposes of this Act, the owner of agricultural land shall be deemed to fulfil his responsibilities to manage it in accordance with the rules of good estate management in so far as his management of the land and (so far as it affects the management of that land) of other land managed by him is such as to be reasonably adequate, having regard to the character and situation of the land and other relevant circumstances, to enable an occupier of the land reasonably skilled in husbandry to maintain efficient production as respects both the kind of produce and the quality and quantity thereof.S
2In determining whether the management of land is such as aforesaid regard shall be had, but without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of the last foregoing paragraph, to the extent to which the owner is making regular muirburn in the interests of sheep stock, exercising systematic control of vermin on land not in the control of a tenant, and undertaking the eradication of bracken, whins and broom so far as is reasonably practicable, and to the extent to which the owner is fulfilling his responsibilities in relation to the provision, improvement, replacement and renewal of the fixed equipment on the land in so far as is necessary to enable an occupier reasonably skilled in husbandry to maintain efficient production as aforesaid.S
Modifications etc. (not altering text)
1For the purposes of this Act, the occupier of an agricultural unit shall be deemed to fulfil his responsibilities to farm it in accordance with the rules of good husbandry in so far as the extent to which and the manner in which the unit is being farmed (as respects both the kind of operations carried out and the way in which they are carried out) are such that, having regard to the character and situation of the unit, the standard of management thereof by the owner and other relevant circumstances, the occupier is maintaining a reasonable standard of efficient production, as respects both the kind of produce and the quality and quantity thereof, while keeping the unit in a condition to enable such a standard to be maintained in the future.S
2In determining whether the manner in which a unit is being farmed is such as aforesaid regard shall be had, but without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of the last foregoing paragraph, to the following:—S
(a)the maintenance of permanent grassland (whether meadow or pasture) properly mown or grazed and in a good state of cultivation and fertility;
(b)the handling or cropping of the arable land, including the treatment of temporary grass, so as to maintain it clean and in a good state of cultivation and fertility;
(c)where the system of farming practised requires the keeping of livestock, the proper stocking of the holding;
(d)the maintenance of an efficient standard of management of livestock;
(e)as regards hill sheep farming in particular:—
(i)the maintenance of a sheep stock of a suitable breed and type in regular ages (so far as is reasonably possible) and the keeping and management thereof in accordance with the recognised practices of hill sheep farming;
(ii)the use of lug, horn or other stock marks for the purpose of determining ownership of stock sheep;
(iii)The regular selection and retention of the best female stock for breeding;
(iv)the regular selection and use of tups possessing the qualities most suitable and desirable for the flock;
(v)the extent to which regular muirburn is made;
(f)the extent to which the necessary steps are being taken—
(i)to secure and maintain the freedom of crops and livestock from disease and from infestation by insects and other pests;
(ii)to exercise systematic control of vermin and of bracken, whins, broom and injurious weeds;
(iii)to protect and preserve crops harvested or in course of being harvested;
(iv)to carry out necessary work of maintenance and repair of the fixed and other equipment.
1—10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F9S
11Any document purporting to be a document duly executed or issued on behalf of an Agricultural Executive Committee or sub-committee thereof shall, until the contrary is proved, be deemed to be a document so executed or issued, as the case may be.S
12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F10S
1An Agricultural Advisory Committee shall consist of not more than two members appointed by the Secretary of State and of twelve other members (hereinafter referred to as “nominated members”) nominated in accordance with the provisions of this Schedule, and appointed by the Secretary of State.S
2The nominated members shall be persons nominated—S
(a)in the case of two members, by the appropriate agricultural college,
(b)in the case of two members, by the county council of the county in which the Committee district is situated, or where that district is situated in two or more counties by the county councils of those counties acting jointly,
(c)in the case of two members, by such organisation as appears to the Secretary of State to represent the interests of farmers,
(d)in the case of two members, by such organisation as appears to him to represent the interests of workers employed in agriculture,
(e)in the case of two members, by such organisation as appears to him to represent the interests of owners of agricultural land, and
(f)in the case of two members, by such other organisation or organisation interested in the welfare or development of agriculture as the Secretary of State may think fit to invite to make nominations.
3If in relation to any appointment of a nominated member it appears to the Secretary of State that the college, council or organisation concerned have failed, within a reasonable time after he has called upon them by notice in writing so to do, to nominate a person for the appointment, the Secretary of State may, notwithstanding anything in the foregoing provisions of this Part of this Schedule, appoint as the nominated member in question such person as he thinks fit.S
4A Committee shall be deemed to be duly constituted and shall have power to act notwithstanding any vacancy among the members thereof.S
5Each Committee shall appoint a Chairman from among their members, and if they fail to do so within a period of one month from the date of their constitution, the appointment may be made by the Secretary of State.S
6The term of office of any member of a Committee shall be three years, but a member who ceases to hold office shall, subject to the provisions of this Part of this Schedule as to nomination, be eligible for re-appointment.S
7Any member of a Committee may resign his membership by notice in writing to the Secretary of State.S
8A Committee shall have power to regulate their own procedure, including power to determine the number of persons necessary to form a quorum.S
9The director of education and the medical officer of health of the county in which a Committee district is situated shall be entitled to attend meetings of the Committee in the capacity of assessors.S
10The Secretary of State may, with the approval of the Treasury, make such arrangements as appear to him expedient, after consultation with the appropriate agricultural college, for placing at the disposal of a Committee any secretarial and technical assistance which he may consider necessary or desirable.S
11The expenses up to such amount as may be approved by the Secretary of State incurred by a Committee in carrying out their duties shall be defrayed by the Secretary of State.S
12In this Schedule the expression “appropriate agricultural college” in relation to any Agricultural Advisory Committee means the agricultural college responsible for agricultural education in that part of Scotland in which the district of the Committee is situated.S
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F11
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F12
Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.
Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.
Geographical Extent: Indicates the geographical area that this provision applies to. For further information see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’.
Show Timeline of Changes: See how this legislation has or could change over time. Turning this feature on will show extra navigation options to go to these specific points in time. Return to the latest available version by using the controls above in the What Version box.
Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:
This timeline shows the different points in time where a change occurred. The dates will coincide with the earliest date on which the change (e.g an insertion, a repeal or a substitution) that was applied came into force. The first date in the timeline will usually be the earliest date when the provision came into force. In some cases the first date is 01/02/1991 (or for Northern Ireland legislation 01/01/2006). This date is our basedate. No versions before this date are available. For further information see the Editorial Practice Guide and Glossary under Help.
Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:
Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including: