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Immigration Act 2014

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

15Right of appeal to First-tier Tribunal

This section has no associated Explanatory Notes

(1)Part 5 of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 (immigration and asylum appeals) is amended as follows.

(2)For section 82 substitute—

82Right of appeal to the Tribunal

(1)A person (“P”) may appeal to the Tribunal where—

(a)the Secretary of State has decided to refuse a protection claim made by P,

(b)the Secretary of State has decided to refuse a human rights claim made by P, or

(c)the Secretary of State has decided to revoke P’s protection status.

(2)For the purposes of this Part—

(a)a “protection claim” is a claim made by a person (“P”) that removal of P from the United Kingdom—

(i)would breach the United Kingdom’s obligations under the Refugee Convention, or

(ii)would breach the United Kingdom’s obligations in relation to persons eligible for a grant of humanitarian protection;

(b)P’s protection claim is refused if the Secretary of State makes one or more of the following decisions—

(i)that removal of P from the United Kingdom would not breach the United Kingdom’s obligations under the Refugee Convention;

(ii)that removal of P from the United Kingdom would not breach the United Kingdom’s obligations in relation to persons eligible for a grant of humanitarian protection;

(c)a person has “protection status” if the person has been granted leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom as a refugee or as a person eligible for a grant of humanitarian protection;

(d)“humanitarian protection” is to be construed in accordance with the immigration rules;

(e)“refugee” has the same meaning as in the Refugee Convention.

(3)The right of appeal under subsection (1) is subject to the exceptions and limitations specified in this Part.

(3)Sections 83 and 83A (appeal rights in respect of asylum claims) are repealed.

(4)For section 84 substitute—

84Grounds of appeal

(1)An appeal under section 82(1)(a) (refusal of protection claim) must be brought on one or more of the following grounds—

(a)that removal of the appellant from the United Kingdom would breach the United Kingdom’s obligations under the Refugee Convention;

(b)that removal of the appellant from the United Kingdom would breach the United Kingdom’s obligations in relation to persons eligible for a grant of humanitarian protection;

(c)that removal of the appellant from the United Kingdom would be unlawful under section 6 of the Human Rights Act 1998 (public authority not to act contrary to Human Rights Convention).

(2)An appeal under section 82(1)(b) (refusal of human rights claim) must be brought on the ground that the decision is unlawful under section 6 of the Human Rights Act 1998.

(3)An appeal under section 82(1)(c) (revocation of protection status) must be brought on one or more of the following grounds—

(a)that the decision to revoke the appellant’s protection status breaches the United Kingdom’s obligations under the Refugee Convention;

(b)that the decision to revoke the appellant’s protection status breaches the United Kingdom’s obligations in relation to persons eligible for a grant of humanitarian protection.

(5)In section 85 (matters to be considered), for subsection (5) substitute—

(5)But the Tribunal must not consider a new matter unless the Secretary of State has given the Tribunal consent to do so.

(6)A matter is a “new matter” if—

(a)it constitutes a ground of appeal of a kind listed in section 84, and

(b)the Secretary of State has not previously considered the matter in the context of—

(i)the decision mentioned in section 82(1), or

(ii)a statement made by the appellant under section 120.

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