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Localism Act 2011

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

CHAPTER 2Social housing: tenure reform

Tenancy strategies

150Tenancy strategies

(1)A local housing authority in England must prepare and publish a strategy (a “tenancy strategy”) setting out the matters to which the registered providers of social housing for its district are to have regard in formulating policies relating to—

(a)the kinds of tenancies they grant,

(b)the circumstances in which they will grant a tenancy of a particular kind,

(c)where they grant tenancies for a term certain, the lengths of the terms, and

(d)the circumstances in which they will grant a further tenancy on the coming to an end of an existing tenancy.

(2)The tenancy strategy must summarise those policies or explain where they may be found.

(3)A local housing authority must have regard to its tenancy strategy in exercising its housing management functions.

(4)A local housing authority must publish its tenancy strategy before the end of the period of 12 months beginning with the day on which this section comes into force.

(5)A local housing authority must keep its tenancy strategy under review, and may modify or replace it from time to time.

(6)If a local housing authority modifies its tenancy strategy, it must publish the modifications or the strategy as modified (as it considers appropriate).

(7)A local housing authority must—

(a)make a copy of everything published under this section available at its principal office for inspection at all reasonable hours, without charge, by members of the public, and

(b)provide (on payment if required by the authority of a reasonable charge) a copy of anything so published to any member of the public who asks for one.

(8)In this section and section 151 (preparation of tenancy strategy)—

(a)references to a registered provider of social housing for a district are to a registered provider who grants tenancies of dwelling-houses in that district, and

(b)“district”, “dwelling-house” and “local housing authority” have the same meaning as in the Housing Act 1985.

151Preparation of tenancy strategy

(1)Before adopting a tenancy strategy, or making a modification to it reflecting a major change of policy, the authority must—

(a)send a copy of the draft strategy, or proposed modification, to every private registered provider of social housing for its district, and

(b)give the private registered provider a reasonable opportunity to comment on those proposals.

(2)Before adopting a tenancy strategy, or making a modification to it reflecting a major change of policy, the authority must also—

(a)consult such other persons as the Secretary of State may by regulations prescribe, and

(b)in the case of an authority that is a London borough council, consult the Mayor of London.

(3)The authority must, in preparing or modifying a tenancy strategy, have regard to—

(a)its current allocation scheme under section 166A of the Housing Act 1996,

(b)its current homelessness strategy under section 1 of the Homelessness Act 2002, and

(c)in the case of an authority that is a London borough council, the London housing strategy.

152Standards about tenancies etc

In section 197 of the Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 (power of Secretary of State to give directions to regulator) in subsection (2) after paragraph (a) insert—

(aa)tenure,.

153Relationship between schemes and strategies

In section 3 of the Homelessness Act 2002 (homelessness strategy) after subsection (7) insert—

(7A)In formulating or modifying a homelessness strategy, a local housing authority in England shall have regard to—

(a)its current allocation scheme under section 166A of the Housing Act 1996,

(b)its current tenancy strategy under section 150 of the Localism Act 2011, and

(c)in the case of an authority that is a London borough council, the current London housing strategy.

Flexible tenancies

154Flexible tenancies

After section 106A of the Housing Act 1985 insert—

Flexible tenancies
107AFlexible tenancies

(1)For the purposes of this Act, a flexible tenancy is a secure tenancy to which any of the following subsections applies.

(2)This subsection applies to a secure tenancy if—

(a)it is granted by a landlord in England for a term certain of not less than two years, and

(b)before it was granted the person who became the landlord under the tenancy served a written notice on the person who became the tenant under the tenancy stating that the tenancy would be a flexible tenancy.

(3)This subsection applies to a secure tenancy if—

(a)it becomes a secure tenancy by virtue of a notice under paragraph 4ZA(2) of Schedule 1 (family intervention tenancies becoming secure tenancies),

(b)the landlord under the family intervention tenancy in question was a local housing authority in England,

(c)the family intervention tenancy was granted to a person on the coming to an end of a flexible tenancy under which the person was a tenant,

(d)the notice states that the tenancy is to become a secure tenancy that is a flexible tenancy for a term certain of the length specified in the notice, and sets out the other express terms of the tenancy, and

(e)the length of the term specified in the notice is at least two years.

(4)The length of the term of a flexible tenancy that becomes such a tenancy by virtue of subsection (3) is that specified in the notice under paragraph 4ZA(2) of Schedule 1.

(5)The other express terms of the flexible tenancy are those set out in the notice, so far as those terms are compatible with the statutory provisions relating to flexible tenancies; and in this subsection “statutory provision” means any provision made by or under an Act.

(6)This subsection applies to a secure tenancy if—

(a)it is created by virtue of section 137A of the Housing Act 1996 (introductory tenancies becoming flexible tenancies), or

(b)it arises by virtue of section 143MA of that Act (demoted tenancies becoming flexible tenancies).

107BReview of decisions relating to flexible tenancies

(1)This section applies if a person (“the prospective landlord”)—

(a)offers to grant a flexible tenancy (whether or not on the coming to an end of an existing tenancy of any kind), or

(b)serves a notice under section 137A of the Housing Act 1996 stating that, on the coming to an end of an introductory tenancy, it will become a flexible tenancy.

(2)A person to whom the offer is made or on whom the notice is served (“the person concerned”) may request a review of the prospective landlord’s decision about the length of the term of the tenancy.

(3)The review may only be requested on the basis that the length of the term does not accord with a policy of the prospective landlord as to the length of the terms of the flexible tenancies it grants.

(4)A request for a review must be made before the end of—

(a)the period of 21 days beginning with the day on which the person concerned first receives the offer or notice, or

(b)such longer period as the prospective landlord may in writing allow.

(5)On a request being duly made to it, the prospective landlord must review its decision.

(6)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision about the procedure to be followed in connection with a review under this section.

(7)The regulations may, in particular, make provision—

(a)requiring the decision on the review to be made by a person of appropriate seniority who was not involved in the original decision, and

(b)as to the circumstances in which the person concerned is entitled to an oral hearing, and whether and by whom the person may be represented at such a hearing.

(8)The prospective landlord must notify the person concerned in writing of the decision on the review.

(9)If the decision is to confirm the original decision, the prospective landlord must also notify the person of the reasons for the decision.

(10)Regulations under this section—

(a)may contain transitional or saving provision;

(b)are to be made by statutory instrument which is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

107CTermination of flexible tenancy by tenant

(1)It is a term of every flexible tenancy that the tenant may terminate the tenancy in accordance with the following provisions of this section.

(2)The tenant must serve a notice in writing on the landlord stating that the tenancy will be terminated on the date specified in the notice.

(3)That date must be after the end of the period of four weeks beginning with the date on which the notice is served.

(4)The landlord may agree with the tenant to dispense with the requirement in subsection (2) or (3).

(5)The tenancy is terminated on the date specified in the notice or (as the case may be) determined in accordance with arrangements made under subsection (4) only if on that date—

(a)no arrears of rent are payable under the tenancy, and

(b)the tenant is not otherwise materially in breach of a term of the tenancy.

107DRecovery of possession on expiry of flexible tenancy

(1)Subject as follows, on or after the coming to an end of a flexible tenancy a court must make an order for possession of the dwelling-house let on the tenancy if it is satisfied that the following conditions are met.

(2)Condition 1 is that the flexible tenancy has come to an end and no further secure tenancy (whether or not a flexible tenancy) is for the time being in existence, other than a secure tenancy that is a periodic tenancy (whether or not arising by virtue of section 86).

(3)Condition 2 is that the landlord has given the tenant not less than six months’ notice in writing—

(a)stating that the landlord does not propose to grant another tenancy on the expiry of the flexible tenancy,

(b)setting out the landlord’s reasons for not proposing to grant another tenancy, and

(c)informing the tenant of the tenant’s right to request a review of the landlord’s proposal and of the time within which such a request must be made.

(4)Condition 3 is that the landlord has given the tenant not less than two months’ notice in writing stating that the landlord requires possession of the dwelling-house.

(5)A notice under subsection (4) may be given before or on the day on which the tenancy comes to an end.

(6)The court may refuse to grant an order for possession under this section if—

(a)the tenant has in accordance with section 107E requested a review of the landlord’s proposal not to grant another tenancy on the expiry of the flexible tenancy, and

(b)the court is satisfied that the landlord has failed to carry out the review in accordance with provision made by or under that section or that the decision on the review is otherwise wrong in law.

(7)If a court refuses to grant an order for possession by virtue of subsection (6) it may make such directions as to the holding of a review or further review under section 107E as it thinks fit.

(8)This section has effect notwithstanding that, on the coming to an end of the flexible tenancy, a periodic tenancy arises by virtue of section 86.

(9)Where a court makes an order for possession of a dwelling-house by virtue of this section, any periodic tenancy arising by virtue of section 86 on the coming to an end of the flexible tenancy comes to an end (without further notice and regardless of the period) in accordance with section 82(2).

(10)This section is without prejudice to any right of the landlord under a flexible tenancy to recover possession of the dwelling-house let on the tenancy in accordance with this Part.

107EReview of decision to seek possession

(1)A request for a review of a landlord’s decision to seek an order for possession of a dwelling-house let under a flexible tenancy must be made before the end of the period of 21 days beginning with the day on which the notice under section 107D(3) is served.

(2)On a request being duly made to it, the landlord must review its decision.

(3)The review must, in particular, consider whether the decision is in accordance with any policy of the landlord as to the circumstances in which it will grant a further tenancy on the coming to an end of an existing flexible tenancy.

(4)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision about the procedure to be followed in connection with a review under this section.

(5)The regulations may, in particular, make provision—

(a)requiring the decision on the review to be made by a person of appropriate seniority who was not involved in the original decision, and

(b)as to the circumstances in which the person concerned is entitled to an oral hearing, and whether and by whom the person may be represented at such a hearing.

(6)The landlord must notify the tenant in writing of the decision on the review.

(7)If the decision is to confirm the original decision, the landlord must also notify the tenant of the reasons for the decision.

(8)The review must be carried out, and the tenant notified, before the date specified in the notice of proceedings as the date after which proceedings for the possession of the dwelling-house may be begun.

(9)Regulations under this section—

(a)may contain transitional or saving provision;

(b)are to be made by statutory instrument which is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

155Flexible tenancies: other amendments

(1)In section 83(1) of the Housing Act 1985 (proceedings for possession of dwelling-house let on a secure tenancy: notice requirements) after “section 82(1A)” insert “, other than proceedings under section 107D (recovery of possession on expiry of flexible tenancy),”.

(2)In section 84(1) of that Act (grounds and orders for possession of dwelling-house let on a secure tenancy) at the end insert “or in accordance with section 107D (recovery of possession on expiry of flexible tenancy)”.

(3)In section 97 of that Act (tenant’s improvements require consent) after subsection (4) insert—

(5)In this section “secure tenancy” does not include a secure tenancy that is a flexible tenancy.

(4)In section 99A of that Act (right to compensation for improvement) after subsection (8) insert—

(9)In this section—

(a)“secure tenancy” does not include a secure tenancy that is a flexible tenancy, and

(b)“secure tenant” does not include a tenant under a secure tenancy that is a flexible tenancy.

(5)In section 117 of that Act (index of defined expressions: Part 4) at the appropriate place insert—

flexible tenancysection 107A.

(6)After section 137 of the Housing Act 1996 (introductory tenancies) insert—

Introductory tenancies that are to become flexible tenancies
137AIntroductory tenancies that are to become flexible tenancies

(1)Where this section applies, a tenancy of a dwelling-house in England that ceases to be an introductory tenancy and becomes a secure tenancy in accordance with this Chapter becomes a flexible tenancy for a term certain.

(2)This section applies if, before entering into or adopting the introductory tenancy, the person who became the landlord under the tenancy served a written notice on the person who was or became the tenant under the tenancy—

(a)stating that, on ceasing to be an introductory tenancy, the tenancy would become a secure tenancy that would be a flexible tenancy for a term certain of the length specified in the notice,

(b)specifying a period of at least two years as the length of the term of the tenancy, and

(c)setting out the other express terms of the tenancy.

(3)The length of the term of a flexible tenancy that becomes such a tenancy by virtue of this section is that specified in the notice under subsection (2).

(4)The other express terms of the flexible tenancy are those set out in the notice, so far as those terms are compatible with the statutory provisions relating to flexible tenancies; and in this subsection “statutory provision” means any provision made by or under an Act.

(7)After section 143M of that Act (demoted tenancies) insert—

Demoted tenancies that are to become flexible tenancies
143MADemoted tenancies that are to become flexible tenancies

(1)Subsection (2) applies to a demoted tenancy of a dwelling-house in England that—

(a)was created on the termination of a flexible tenancy within the meaning of section 107A of the Housing Act 1985, and

(b)ceases to be a demoted tenancy and becomes a secure tenancy in accordance with this Chapter.

(2)If the landlord has served a notice within subsection (3) on the tenant before the end of the demoted tenancy then, on ceasing to be a demoted tenancy, the tenancy becomes a secure tenancy for a term certain that is a flexible tenancy.

(3)The notice must—

(a)state that, on ceasing to be a demoted tenancy, the tenancy will become a secure tenancy that is a flexible tenancy for a term certain of the length specified in the notice,

(b)specify a period of at least two years as the length of the term of the tenancy, and

(c)set out the other express terms of the tenancy.

(4)The length of the term of a flexible tenancy that becomes such a tenancy by virtue of this section is that specified in the notice under subsection (3).

(5)The other express terms of the flexible tenancy are those set out in the notice, so far as those terms are compatible with the statutory provisions relating to flexible tenancies; and in this subsection “statutory provision” means any provision made by or under an Act.

Other provisions relating to tenancies of social housing

156Creation of tenancies of social housing

(1)In section 52 of the Law of Property Act 1925 (requirement that conveyances of land and interests in land be made by deed) in subsection (2) (exceptions) after paragraph (d) insert—

(da)flexible tenancies;

(db)assured tenancies of dwelling-houses in England that are granted by private registered providers of social housing and are not long tenancies or shared ownership leases;.

(2)After that subsection insert—

(3)In this section—

  • “assured tenancy” has the same meaning as in Part 1 of the Housing Act 1988;

  • “dwelling-house” has the same meaning as in Part 1 of the Housing Act 1988;

  • “flexible tenancy” has the meaning given by section 107A of the Housing Act 1985;

  • “long tenancy” means a tenancy granted for a term certain of more than 21 years, whether or not it is (or may become) terminable before the end of that term by notice given by the tenant or by re-entry or forfeiture;

  • “shared ownership lease” means a lease of a dwelling-house—

    (a)

    granted on payment of a premium calculated by reference to a percentage of the value of the dwelling-house or of the cost of providing it, or

    (b)

    under which the lessee (or the lessee’s personal representatives) will or may be entitled to a sum calculated by reference, directly or indirectly, to the value of the dwelling-house.

157Registration of tenancies of social housing

(1)The Land Registration Act 2002 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 3 (voluntary registration of title) after subsection (4) insert—

(4A)A person may not make an application under subsection (2) in respect of a leasehold estate in land under a relevant social housing tenancy.

(3)In section 4 (compulsory registration of title) after subsection (5) insert—

(5A)Subsection (1) does not apply to the transfer or grant of a leasehold estate in land under a relevant social housing tenancy.

(4)In section 27 (dispositions required to be registered) after subsection (5) insert—

(5A)This section does not apply to—

(a)the grant of a term of years absolute under a relevant social housing tenancy, or

(b)the express grant of an interest falling within section 1(2) of the Law of Property Act 1925, where the interest is created for the benefit of a leasehold estate in land under a relevant social housing tenancy.

(5)In section 33 (interests in respect of which notice may not be entered on the register) after paragraph (b) insert—

(ba)an interest under a relevant social housing tenancy,.

(6)In section 132(1) (interpretation) at the appropriate places insert—

  • “assured tenancy” has the same meaning as in Part 1 of the Housing Act 1988;;

  • “dwelling-house” has the same meaning as in Part 1 of the Housing Act 1988;;

  • “flexible tenancy” has the meaning given by section 107A of the Housing Act 1985;;

  • “long tenancy” means a tenancy granted for a term certain of more than 21 years, whether or not it is (or may become) terminable before the end of that term by notice given by the tenant or by re-entry or forfeiture;;

  • “relevant social housing tenancy” means—

    (a)

    a flexible tenancy, or

    (b)

    an assured tenancy of a dwelling-house in England granted by a private registered provider of social housing, other than a long tenancy or a shared ownership lease;;

  • “shared ownership lease” means a lease of a dwelling-house—

    (a)

    granted on payment of a premium calculated by reference to a percentage of the value of the dwelling-house or of the cost of providing it, or

    (b)

    under which the lessee (or the lessee’s personal representatives) will or may be entitled to a sum calculated by reference, directly or indirectly, to the value of the dwelling-house;.

(7)In Schedule 1 (unregistered interests which override first registration) after paragraph 1 insert—

Relevant social housing tenancies

1AA leasehold estate in land under a relevant social housing tenancy.

(8)In Schedule 3 (unregistered interests which override registered dispositions) after paragraph 1 insert—

Relevant social housing tenancies

1AA leasehold estate in land under a relevant social housing tenancy.

158Secure and assured tenancies: transfer of tenancy

(1)This section applies if the tenants (“the relevant tenants”) under two or more tenancies of dwelling-houses in England (“the existing tenancies”) make a request in writing to the landlord under each existing tenancy asking the landlord to—

(a)permit the relevant tenant or tenants under the existing tenancy to surrender it, and

(b)grant a new tenancy of the dwelling-house let under the tenancy to another relevant tenant or other relevant tenants.

(2)The landlord must comply with the request if the following conditions are met.

(3)The first condition is that at least one of the existing tenancies is—

(a)a secure tenancy that is not a flexible tenancy, or

(b)an assured tenancy—

(i)which is not an assured shorthold tenancy, and

(ii)under which the landlord is the Regulator of Social Housing, a private registered provider of social housing or a housing trust which is a charity.

(4)The second condition is that at least one of the existing tenancies is—

(a)a secure tenancy that is a flexible tenancy, or

(b)an assured shorthold tenancy under which the landlord is the Regulator of Social Housing, a private registered provider of social housing or a housing trust which is a charity.

(5)The third condition is that the remaining existing tenancies (if any) fall within subsection (3) or (4).

(6)The fourth condition is that at least one of the existing tenancies to which subsection (3) applies was granted before the day on which this section came into force.

(7)The fifth condition is that none of the landlords under the existing tenancies has refused to comply with the request (and see further section 159).

(8)Subsection (9) applies where a relevant tenant’s existing tenancy is—

(a)a secure tenancy that is not a flexible tenancy, or

(b)an assured tenancy that is not an assured shorthold tenancy.

(9)The new tenancy granted to the relevant tenant pursuant to this section must be—

(a)a secure tenancy that is not a flexible tenancy, or

(b)an assured tenancy that is not an assured shorthold tenancy,

according to the landlord’s capacity to grant a tenancy of either kind.

(10)The Secretary of State may by regulations provide that this section does not apply in relation to an assured shorthold tenancy of a kind specified in the regulations.

159Further provisions about transfer of tenancy under section 158

(1)A landlord may refuse to comply with a request under section 158 only on one or more of the grounds set out in Schedule 14 (and in that Schedule references to the new tenancy are to the tenancy that the landlord has been requested to grant under that section).

(2)If the landlord refuses to comply with the request otherwise than on one of those grounds, the landlord is treated for the purposes of section 158 as not having refused to comply with the request.

(3)A landlord may not rely on any of the grounds set out in Schedule 14 unless the landlord has, within the period of 42 days beginning with receipt of the relevant tenants’ request, given each of the tenants a notice specifying the ground and giving particulars of it.

(4)The duty imposed on a landlord by section 158 is enforceable by injunction.

(5)A county court has jurisdiction to entertain any proceedings brought pursuant to subsection (4).

(6)In section 158, this section and Schedule 14—

(a)“secure tenancy” has the meaning given by section 79 of the Housing Act 1985,

(b)“flexible tenancy” has the meaning given by section 107A of that Act,

(c)“assured tenancy” and “assured shorthold tenancy” have the same meaning as in Part 1 of the Housing Act 1988, and

(d)other expressions defined in the Housing Act 1985 or the Housing Act 1988 have the same meaning as in that Act (and, if they are defined in both Acts, have the same meaning as in the Housing Act 1985).

(7)In section 160(1) of the Housing Act 1996 (cases where provisions about allocations do not apply), for the “or” at the end of paragraph (d) substitute—

(da)is granted in response to a request under section 158 of the Localism Act 2011 (transfer of tenancy), or.

160Succession to secure tenancies

(1)Before section 87 of the Housing Act 1985 insert—

86APersons qualified to succeed tenant: England

(1)A person (“P”) is qualified to succeed the tenant under a secure tenancy of a dwelling-house in England if—

(a)P occupies the dwelling-house as P’s only or principal home at the time of the tenant’s death, and

(b)P is the tenant’s spouse or civil partner.

(2)A person (“P”) is qualified to succeed the tenant under a secure tenancy of a dwelling-house in England if—

(a)at the time of the tenant’s death the dwelling-house is not occupied by a spouse or civil partner of the tenant as his or her only or principal home,

(b)an express term of the tenancy makes provision for a person other than such a spouse or civil partner of the tenant to succeed to the tenancy, and

(c)P’s succession is in accordance with that term.

(3)Subsection (1) or (2) does not apply if the tenant was a successor as defined in section 88.

(4)In such a case, a person (“P”) is qualified to succeed the tenant if—

(a)an express term of the tenancy makes provision for a person to succeed a successor to the tenancy, and

(b)P’s succession is in accordance with that term.

(5)For the purposes of this section—

(a)a person who was living with the tenant as the tenant’s wife or husband is to be treated as the tenant’s spouse, and

(b)a person who was living with the tenant as if they were civil partners is to be treated as the tenant’s civil partner.

(6)Subsection (7) applies if, on the death of the tenant, there is by virtue of subsection (5) more than one person who fulfils the condition in subsection (1)(b).

(7)Such one of those persons as may be agreed between them or as may, where there is no such agreement, be selected by the landlord is for the purpose of this section to be treated (according to whether that one of them is of the opposite sex to, or of the same sex as, the tenant) as the tenant’s spouse or civil partner.

(2)In section 87 of that Act (persons qualified to succeed secure tenant)—

(a)in the section heading at the end insert “: Wales”, and

(b)after “secure tenancy” insert “of a dwelling-house in Wales”.

(3)Section 89 of that Act (succession to periodic tenancy) is amended as follows.

(4)After subsection (1) insert—

(1A)Where there is a person qualified to succeed the tenant under section 86A, the tenancy vests by virtue of this section—

(a)in that person, or

(b)if there is more than one such person, in such one of them as may be agreed between them or as may, where there is no agreement, be selected by the landlord.

(5)In subsection (2) after “tenant” insert “under section 87”.

(6)The amendments made by this section do not apply in relation to a secure tenancy that—

(a)was granted before the day on which this section comes into force, or

(b)came into being by virtue of section 86 of the Housing Act 1985 (periodic tenancy arising on termination of fixed term) on the coming to an end of a secure tenancy within paragraph (a).

161Succession to assured tenancies

(1)Section 17 of the Housing Act 1988 (succession to assured periodic tenancy by spouse) is amended as follows.

(2)In the heading for “assured periodic tenancy by spouse” substitute “assured tenancy”.

(3)In subsection (1)—

(a)at the beginning insert “Subject to subsection (1D),”, and

(b)omit paragraph (c).

(4)After that subsection insert—

(1A)Subject to subsection (1D), in any case where—

(a)there is an assured periodic tenancy of a dwelling-house in England under which—

(i)the landlord is a private registered provider of social housing, and

(ii)the tenant is a sole tenant,

(b)the tenant under the tenancy dies,

(c)immediately before the death, the dwelling-house was not occupied by a spouse or civil partner of the tenant as his or her only or principal home,

(d)an express term of the tenancy makes provision for a person other than such a spouse or civil partner of the tenant to succeed to the tenancy, and

(e)there is a person whose succession is in accordance with that term,

then, on the death, the tenancy vests by virtue of this section in that person (and, accordingly, does not devolve under the tenant’s will or intestacy).

(1B)Subject to subsection (1D), in any case where—

(a)there is an assured tenancy of a dwelling-house in England for a fixed term of not less than two years under which—

(i)the landlord is a private registered provider of social housing, and

(ii)the tenant is a sole tenant,

(b)the tenant under the tenancy dies, and

(c)immediately before the death, the tenant’s spouse or civil partner was occupying the dwelling-house as his or her only or principal home,

then, on the death, the tenancy vests by virtue of this section in the spouse or civil partner (and, accordingly, does not devolve under the tenant’s will or intestacy).

(1C)Subject to subsection (1D), in any case where—

(a)there is an assured tenancy of a dwelling-house in England for a fixed term of not less than two years under which—

(i)the landlord is a private registered provider of social housing, and

(ii)the tenant is a sole tenant,

(b)the tenant under the tenancy dies,

(c)immediately before the death, the dwelling-house was not occupied by a spouse or civil partner of the tenant as his or her only or principal home,

(d)an express term of the tenancy makes provision for a person other than such a spouse or civil partner of the tenant to succeed to the tenancy, and

(e)there is a person whose succession is in accordance with that term,

then, on the death, the tenancy vests by virtue of this section in that person (and accordingly does not devolve under the tenant’s will or intestacy).

(1D)Subsection (1), (1A), (1B) or (1C) does not apply if the tenant was himself a successor as defined in subsection (2) or subsection (3).

(1E)In such a case, on the death, the tenancy vests by virtue of this section in a person (“P”) (and, accordingly, does not devolve under the tenant’s will or intestacy) if, and only if—

(a)(in a case within subsection (1)) the tenancy is of a dwelling-house in England under which the landlord is a private registered provider of social housing,

(b)an express term of the tenancy makes provision for a person to succeed a successor to the tenancy, and

(c)P’s succession is in accordance with that term.

(5)In subsection (5) after “(1)(b)” insert “or (1B)(c)”.

(6)After subsection (5) insert—

(6)If, on the death of the tenant, there is more than one person in whom the tenancy would otherwise vest by virtue of subsection (1A), (1C) or (1E), the tenancy vests in such one of them as may be agreed between them or, in default of agreement, as is determined by the county court.

(7)This section does not apply to a fixed term assured tenancy that is a lease of a dwelling-house—

(a)granted on payment of a premium calculated by reference to a percentage of the value of the dwelling-house or of the cost of providing it, or

(b)under which the lessee (or the lessee’s personal representatives) will or may be entitled to a sum calculated by reference, directly or indirectly, to the value of the dwelling-house.

(7)The amendments made by this section do not apply in relation to an assured tenancy that—

(a)was granted before the day on which this section comes into force, or

(b)came into being by virtue of section 5 of the Housing Act 1988 (periodic tenancy arising on termination of fixed term) on the coming to an end of an assured shorthold tenancy within paragraph (a).

162Secure and assured tenancies: recovery of possession after tenant’s death

(1)In section 90 of the Housing Act 1985 (devolution of fixed term secure tenancy) after subsection (4) insert—

(5)The following provisions apply where a tenancy that was a secure tenancy of a dwelling-house in England—

(a)has been vested or otherwise disposed of in the course of the administration of the secure tenant’s estate, and

(b)has ceased to be a secure tenancy by virtue of this section.

(6)Subject as follows, the landlord may apply to the court for an order for possession of the dwelling-house let under the tenancy.

(7)The court may not entertain proceedings for an order for possession under this section unless—

(a)the landlord has served notice in writing on the tenant—

(i)stating that the landlord requires possession of the dwelling-house, and

(ii)specifying a date after which proceedings for an order for possession may be begun, and

(b)that date has passed without the tenant giving up possession of the dwelling-house.

(8)The date mentioned in subsection (7)(a)(ii) must fall after the end of the period of four weeks beginning with the date on which the notice is served on the tenant.

(9)On an application to the court for an order for possession under this section, the court must make such an order if it is satisfied that subsection (5) applies to the tenancy.

(10)The tenancy ends when the order is executed.

(2)In Part 3 of Schedule 2 to that Act (grounds on which court may order possession of dwelling-house let on secure tenancy if reasonable and if alternative accommodation is available) after Ground 15 insert—

  • Ground 15A

    The dwelling-house is in England, the accommodation afforded by it is more extensive than is reasonably required by the tenant and—

    (a)

    the tenancy vested in the tenant by virtue of section 89 (succession to periodic tenancy) or 90 (devolution of term certain) in a case where the tenant was not the previous tenant’s spouse or civil partner, and

    (b)

    notice of the proceedings for possession was served under section 83 (or, where no such notice was served, the proceedings for possession were begun) more than six months but less than twelve months after the relevant date.

    For this purpose “the relevant date” is—

    (a)

    the date of the previous tenant’s death, or

    (b)

    if the court so directs, the date on which, in the opinion of the court, the landlord (or, in the case of joint landlords, any one of them) became aware of the previous tenant’s death.

    The matters to be taken into account by the court in determining whether it is reasonable to make an order on this ground include—

    (a)

    the age of the tenant,

    (b)

    the period (if any) during which the tenant has occupied the dwelling-house as the tenant’s only or principal home, and

    (c)

    any financial or other support given by the tenant to the previous tenant.

(3)In that Part of that Schedule, in Ground 16 (vesting of tenancy in member of previous tenant’s family other than his or her spouse or civil partner)—

(a)at the beginning of the first unnumbered paragraph for “The accommodation afforded by the dwelling-house” substitute “The dwelling-house is in Wales, the accommodation afforded by it”,

(b)in the first unnumbered paragraph—

(i)in paragraph (a) after “tenancy)” insert “or 90 (devolution of term certain)”, and

(ii)in paragraph (b) for “the date of the previous tenant’s death” substitute “the relevant date”, and

(c)after the first unnumbered paragraph insert—

  • For this purpose “the relevant date” is—

    (a)

    the date of the previous tenant’s death, or

    (b)

    if the court so directs, the date on which, in the opinion of the court, the landlord (or, in the case of joint landlords, any one of them) became aware of the previous tenant’s death.

(4)In section 7 of the Housing Act 1988 (orders for possession of assured tenancies) after subsection (6) insert—

(6A)In the case of a dwelling-house in England, subsection (6)(a) has effect as if it also referred to Ground 7 in Part 1 of Schedule 2 to this Act.

(5)In Part 1 of Schedule 2 to that Act (grounds for possession of dwelling-houses let on assured tenancies: grounds on which court must order possession) in Ground 7 (devolution of tenancy under will or intestacy)—

(a)in the first unnumbered paragraph, after “tenancy)” insert “, or a fixed term tenancy of a dwelling-house in England,”,

(b)in the second unnumbered paragraph—

(i)omit “periodic”, and

(ii)after “period” insert “or length of term”, and

(c)after that paragraph insert—

  • This ground does not apply to a fixed term tenancy that is a lease of a dwelling-house—

    (a)

    granted on payment of a premium calculated by reference to a percentage of the value of the dwelling-house or of the cost of providing it, or

    (b)

    under which the lessee (or the lessee’s personal representatives) will or may be entitled to a sum calculated by reference, directly or indirectly, to the value of the dwelling-house.

163Assured shorthold tenancy following demoted or family intervention tenancy

(1)In section 20B(2) of the Housing Act 1988 (demoted assured shorthold tenancy lasts for one year unless subsection (3) applies) after “subsection (3) applies” insert “, but see section 20C”.

(2)After section 20B of the Housing Act 1988 insert—

20CAssured shorthold tenancies following demoted tenancies

(1)Subsection (2) applies if—

(a)section 20B applies to an assured shorthold tenancy of a dwelling-house in England (“the demoted tenancy”),

(b)the landlord is a private registered provider of social housing,

(c)the demoted tenancy was created by an order under section 6A made after the coming into force of section 163(2) of the Localism Act 2011,

(d)the assured tenancy that was terminated by that order was an assured shorthold tenancy that, whether or not it was a fixed term tenancy when terminated by the order, was granted for a term certain of not less than two years,

(e)apart from subsection (2), the demoted tenancy would cease to be an assured shorthold tenancy by virtue of section 20B(2) or (4), and

(f)the landlord has served a notice within subsection (3) on the tenant before the demoted tenancy ceases to be an assured shorthold tenancy by virtue of section 20B(2) or (4).

(2)The demoted tenancy does not cease to be an assured shorthold tenancy by virtue of section 20B(2) or (4), and at the time when it would otherwise cease to be an assured shorthold tenancy by virtue of section 20B(2) to (4)—

(a)it becomes an assured shorthold tenancy which is a fixed term tenancy for a term certain, and

(b)section 20B ceases to apply to it.

(3)The notice must—

(a)state that, on ceasing to be a demoted assured shorthold tenancy, the tenancy will become an assured shorthold tenancy which is a fixed term tenancy for a term certain of the length specified in the notice,

(b)specify a period of at least two years as the length of the term of the tenancy, and

(c)set out the other express terms of the tenancy.

(4)Where an assured shorthold tenancy becomes a fixed term tenancy by virtue of subsection (2)—

(a)the length of its term is that specified in the notice under subsection (3), and

(b)its other express terms are those set out in the notice.

(3)Before section 21 of the Housing Act 1988 insert—

20DAssured shorthold tenancies following family intervention tenancies

(1)An assured tenancy that arises by virtue of a notice under paragraph 12ZA(2) of Schedule 1 in respect of a family intervention tenancy is an assured shorthold tenancy if—

(a)the landlord under the assured tenancy is a private registered provider of social housing,

(b)the dwelling-house is in England,

(c)the family intervention tenancy was granted to a person on the coming to an end of an assured shorthold tenancy under which the person was a tenant, and

(d)the notice states that the family intervention tenancy is to be regarded as an assured shorthold tenancy.

(2)This section does not apply if the family intervention tenancy was granted before the coming into force of section 163(3) of the Localism Act 2011.

164Assured shorthold tenancies: notice requirements

(1)In section 21 of the Housing Act 1988 (recovery of possession on expiry or termination of assured shorthold tenancy) after subsection (1) insert—

(1A)Subsection (1B) applies to an assured shorthold tenancy of a dwelling-house in England if—

(a)it is a fixed term tenancy for a term certain of not less than two years, and

(b)the landlord is a private registered provider of social housing.

(1B)The court may not make an order for possession of the dwelling-house let on the tenancy unless the landlord has given to the tenant not less than six months’ notice in writing—

(a)stating that the landlord does not propose to grant another tenancy on the expiry of the fixed term tenancy, and

(b)informing the tenant of how to obtain help or advice about the notice and, in particular, of any obligation of the landlord to provide help or advice.

(2)The amendments made by this section do not apply in relation to an assured shorthold tenancy that—

(a)was granted before the day on which this section comes into force, or

(b)came into being by virtue of section 5 of the Housing Act 1988 (periodic tenancy arising on termination of fixed term) on the coming to an end of an assured shorthold tenancy within paragraph (a).

165Assured shorthold tenancies: rights to acquire

(1)Section 180 of the Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 (social housing: right to acquire) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (2)(a) (conditions to be met in relation to tenancies) omit “an assured shorthold tenancy or”.

(3)After subsection (2) insert—

(2A)The Secretary of State may by regulations provide that an assured shorthold tenancy of a description specified in the regulations is not a tenancy within subsection (2).

(4)The amendments made by this section do not apply in relation to an assured shorthold tenancy that—

(a)was granted before the day on which this section comes into force, or

(b)came into being by virtue of section 5 of the Housing Act 1988 (periodic tenancy arising on termination of fixed term) on the coming to an end of an assured shorthold tenancy within paragraph (a).

166Repairing obligations in leases of seven years or more

In section 13 of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1985 (leases to which the provisions about repairing obligations in section 11 of that Act apply) after subsection (1) insert—

(1A)Section 11 also applies to a lease of a dwelling-house in England granted on or after the day on which section 166 of the Localism Act 2011 came into force which is—

(a)a secure tenancy for a fixed term of seven years or more granted by a person within section 80(1) of the Housing Act 1985 (secure tenancies: the landlord condition), or

(b)an assured tenancy for a fixed term of seven years or more that—

(i)is not a shared ownership lease, and

(ii)is granted by a private registered provider of social housing.

(1B)In subsection (1A)—

  • “assured tenancy” has the same meaning as in Part 1 of the Housing Act 1988;

  • “secure tenancy” has the meaning given by section 79 of the Housing Act 1985; and

  • “shared ownership lease” means a lease—

    (a)

    granted on payment of a premium calculated by reference to a percentage of the value of the dwelling-house or of the cost of providing it, or

    (b)

    under which the lessee (or the lessee’s personal representatives) will or may be entitled to a sum calculated by reference, directly or indirectly, to the value of the dwelling-house.

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