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Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009

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143Fixed monetary penalties: procedureU.K.
This section has no associated Explanatory Notes

(1)Provision under section 142 must secure the results in subsection (2).

(2)Those results are that—

(a)where the enforcement authority proposes to impose a fixed monetary penalty on a person, the authority must serve on that person a notice of what is proposed (a “notice of intent”) which complies with subsection (3),

(b)the notice of intent also offers the person the opportunity to discharge the person's liability for the fixed monetary penalty by payment of a prescribed sum (which must be less than or equal to the amount of the penalty),

(c)if the person does not so discharge liability—

(i)the person may make written representations and objections to the enforcement authority in relation to the proposed imposition of the fixed monetary penalty, and

(ii)the enforcement authority must at the end of the period for making representations and objections decide whether to impose the fixed monetary penalty,

(d)where the enforcement authority decides to impose the fixed monetary penalty, the notice imposing it (“the final notice”) complies with subsection (5), and

(e)the person on whom a fixed monetary penalty is imposed may appeal against the decision to impose it.

(3)To comply with this subsection the notice of intent must include information as to—

(a)the grounds for the proposal to impose the fixed monetary penalty,

(b)the effect of payment of the sum referred to in subsection (2)(b),

(c)the right to make representations and objections,

(d)the circumstances in which the enforcement authority may not impose the fixed monetary penalty,

(e)the period within which liability to the fixed monetary penalty may be discharged, which must not exceed the period of 28 days beginning with the day on which the notice of intent is received, and

(f)the period within which representations and objections may be made, which must not exceed the period of 28 days beginning with the day on which the notice of intent is received.

(4)Provision pursuant to subsection (2)(c)(ii)—

(a)must secure that the enforcement authority may not decide to impose a fixed monetary penalty on a person where the authority is satisfied that the person would not, by reason of any defence, be liable to be convicted of the offence in relation to which the penalty is proposed to be imposed, and

(b)may include provision for other circumstances in which the enforcement authority may not decide to impose a fixed monetary penalty.

(5)To comply with this subsection the final notice referred to in subsection (2)(d) must include information as to—

(a)the grounds for imposing the penalty,

(b)how payment may be made,

(c)the period within which payment must be made,

(d)any early payment discounts or late payment penalties,

(e)rights of appeal, and

(f)the consequences of non-payment.

(6)Provision pursuant to subsection (2)(e) must secure that the grounds on which a person may appeal against a decision of the enforcement authority include the following—

(a)that the decision was based on an error of fact;

(b)that the decision was wrong in law;

(c)that the decision was unreasonable.

(7)In this section “prescribed” means prescribed in an order made under section 142.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 5 Ch. 1 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1994/2716, reg. 36(3)(4) (as substituted (E.W.) (12.1.2010 for specified purposes, 12.12.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 (c. 23), s. 324(2)(b)(i), Sch. 11 para. 4(1); S.I. 2014/3088, art. 2(b))

Commencement Information

I1S. 143 partly in force; s. 143 in force for specified purposes at Royal Assent see s. 324(1)(c); s. 143 in force for further specified purposes at 12.1.2010 see s. 324(2)(b)(i)

I2S. 143 in force at 12.12.2014 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2014/3088, art. 2(b)

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