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Finance Act 2008

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Part 1Powers to obtain information and documents

Power to obtain information and documents from taxpayer

1(1)An officer of Revenue and Customs may by notice in writing require a person (“the taxpayer”)—

(a)to provide information, or

(b)to produce a document,

if the information or document is reasonably required by the officer for the purpose of checking the taxpayer’s tax position.

(2)In this Schedule, “taxpayer notice” means a notice under this paragraph.

Power to obtain information and documents from third party

2(1)An officer of Revenue and Customs may by notice in writing require a person—

(a)to provide information, or

(b)to produce a document,

if the information or document is reasonably required by the officer for the purpose of checking the tax position of another person whose identity is known to the officer (“the taxpayer”).

(2)A third party notice must name the taxpayer to whom it relates, unless the First-tier Tribunal has approved the giving of the notice and disapplied this requirement under paragraph 3.

(3)In this Schedule, “third party notice” means a notice under this paragraph.

Approval etc of taxpayer notices and third party notices

3(1)An officer of Revenue and Customs may not give a third party notice without—

(a)the agreement of the taxpayer, or

(b)the approval of the First-tier Tribunal.

(2)An officer of Revenue and Customs may ask for the approval of the First-tier Tribunal to the giving of any taxpayer notice or third party notice (and for the effect of obtaining such approval see paragraphs 29, 30 and 53 (appeals against notices and offence)).

(3)The First-tier Tribunal may not approve the giving of a taxpayer notice or third party notice unless—

(a)an application for approval is made by, or with the agreement of, an authorised officer of Revenue and Customs,

(b)the Tribunal is satisfied that, in the circumstances, the officer giving the notice is justified in doing so,

(c)the person to whom the notice is addressed has been told that the information or documents referred to in the notice are required and given a reasonable opportunity to make representations to an officer of Revenue and Customs,

(d)the First-tier Tribunal has been given a summary of any representations made by that person, and

(e)in the case of a third party notice, the taxpayer has been given a summary of the reasons why an officer of Revenue and Customs requires the information and documents.

(4)Paragraphs (c) to (e) of sub-paragraph (3) do not apply to the extent that the First-tier Tribunal is satisfied that taking the action specified in those paragraphs might prejudice the assessment or collection of tax.

(5)Where the First-tier Tribunal approves the giving of a third party notice under this paragraph, it may also disapply the requirement to name the taxpayer in the notice if it is satisfied that the officer has reasonable grounds for believing that naming the taxpayer might seriously prejudice the assessment or collection of tax.

Copying third party notice to taxpayer

4(1)An officer of Revenue and Customs who gives a third party notice must give a copy of the notice to the taxpayer to whom it relates, unless the First-tier Tribunal has disapplied this requirement.

(2)The First-tier Tribunal may not disapply that requirement unless—

(a)an application for approval is made by, or with the agreement of, an authorised officer of Revenue and Customs, and

(b)the Tribunal is satisfied that the officer has reasonable grounds for believing that giving a copy of the notice to the taxpayer might prejudice the assessment or collection of tax.

Power to obtain information and documents about persons whose identity is not known

5(1)An authorised officer of Revenue and Customs may by notice in writing require a person—

(a)to provide information, or

(b)to produce a document,

if the condition in sub-paragraph (2) is met.

(2)That condition is that the information or document is reasonably required by the officer for the purpose of checking the UK tax position of—

(a)a person whose identity is not known to the officer, or

(b)a class of persons whose individual identities are not known to the officer.

(3)An officer of Revenue and Customs may not give a notice under this paragraph without the approval of the First-tier Tribunal.

(4)The First-tier Tribunal may not give its approval for the purpose of this paragraph unless it is satisfied that—

(a)the notice would meet the condition in sub-paragraph (2),

(b)there are reasonable grounds for believing that the person or any of the class of persons to whom the notice relates may have failed or may fail to comply with any provision of the Taxes Acts, VATA 1994 or any other enactment relating to value added tax charged in accordance with that Act,

(c)any such failure is likely to have led or to lead to serious prejudice to the assessment or collection of UK tax, and

(d)the information or document to which the notice relates is not readily available from another source.

(5)In this paragraph “UK tax” means any tax other than relevant foreign tax and value added tax charged in accordance with the law of another member State.

Notices

6(1)In this Schedule, “information notice” means a notice under paragraph 1, 2 or 5.

(2)An information notice may specify or describe the information or documents to be provided or produced.

(3)If an information notice is given with the approval of the First-tier Tribunal, it must state that it is given with that approval.

Complying with notices

7(1)Where a person is required by an information notice to provide information or produce a document, the person must do so—

(a)within such period, and

(b)at such time, by such means and in such form (if any),

as is reasonably specified or described in the notice.

(2)Where an information notice requires a person to produce a document, it must be produced for inspection—

(a)at a place agreed to by that person and an officer of Revenue and Customs, or

(b)at such place as an officer of Revenue and Customs may reasonably specify.

(3)An officer of Revenue and Customs must not specify a place that is used solely as a dwelling.

(4)The production of a document in compliance with an information notice is not to be regarded as breaking any lien claimed on the document.

Producing copies of documents

8(1)Where an information notice requires a person to produce a document, the person may comply with the notice by producing a copy of the document, subject to any conditions or exceptions set out in regulations made by the Commissioners.

(2)Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply where—

(a)the notice requires the person to produce the original document, or

(b)an officer of Revenue and Customs subsequently makes a request in writing to the person for the original document.

(3)Where an officer of Revenue and Customs requests a document under sub-paragraph (2)(b), the person to whom the request is made must produce the document—

(a)within such period, and

(b)at such time and by such means (if any),

as is reasonably requested by the officer.

Restrictions and special cases

9This Part of this Schedule has effect subject to Parts 4 and 6 of this Schedule.

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