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Mental Health Act 2007

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32Community treatment orders, etcE+W+S+N.I.

This section has no associated Explanatory Notes

(1)The 1983 Act is amended as follows.

(2)After section 17 insert—

17ACommunity treatment orders

(1)The responsible clinician may by order in writing discharge a detained patient from hospital subject to his being liable to recall in accordance with section 17E below.

(2)A detained patient is a patient who is liable to be detained in a hospital in pursuance of an application for admission for treatment.

(3)An order under subsection (1) above is referred to in this Act as a “community treatment order”.

(4)The responsible clinician may not make a community treatment order unless—

(a)in his opinion, the relevant criteria are met; and

(b)an approved mental health professional states in writing—

(i)that he agrees with that opinion; and

(ii)that it is appropriate to make the order.

(5)The relevant criteria are—

(a)the patient is suffering from mental disorder of a nature or degree which makes it appropriate for him to receive medical treatment;

(b)it is necessary for his health or safety or for the protection of other persons that he should receive such treatment;

(c)subject to his being liable to be recalled as mentioned in paragraph (d) below, such treatment can be provided without his continuing to be detained in a hospital;

(d)it is necessary that the responsible clinician should be able to exercise the power under section 17E(1) below to recall the patient to hospital; and

(e)appropriate medical treatment is available for him.

(6)In determining whether the criterion in subsection (5)(d) above is met, the responsible clinician shall, in particular, consider, having regard to the patient's history of mental disorder and any other relevant factors, what risk there would be of a deterioration of the patient's condition if he were not detained in a hospital (as a result, for example, of his refusing or neglecting to receive the medical treatment he requires for his mental disorder).

(7)In this Act—

  • community patient” means a patient in respect of whom a community treatment order is in force;

  • the community treatment order”, in relation to such a patient, means the community treatment order in force in respect of him; and

  • the responsible hospital”, in relation to such a patient, means the hospital in which he was liable to be detained immediately before the community treatment order was made, subject to section 19A below.

17BConditions

(1)A community treatment order shall specify conditions to which the patient is to be subject while the order remains in force.

(2)But, subject to subsection (3) below, the order may specify conditions only if the responsible clinician, with the agreement of the approved mental health professional mentioned in section 17A(4)(b) above, thinks them necessary or appropriate for one or more of the following purposes—

(a)ensuring that the patient receives medical treatment;

(b)preventing risk of harm to the patient's health or safety;

(c)protecting other persons.

(3)The order shall specify—

(a)a condition that the patient make himself available for examination under section 20A below; and

(b)a condition that, if it is proposed to give a certificate under Part 4A of this Act in his case, he make himself available for examination so as to enable the certificate to be given.

(4)The responsible clinician may from time to time by order in writing vary the conditions specified in a community treatment order.

(5)He may also suspend any conditions specified in a community treatment order.

(6)If a community patient fails to comply with a condition specified in the community treatment order by virtue of subsection (2) above, that fact may be taken into account for the purposes of exercising the power of recall under section 17E(1) below.

(7)But nothing in this section restricts the exercise of that power to cases where there is such a failure.

17CDuration of community treatment order

A community treatment order shall remain in force until—

(a)the period mentioned in section 20A(1) below (as extended under any provision of this Act) expires, but this is subject to sections 21 and 22 below;

(b)the patient is discharged in pursuance of an order under section 23 below or a direction under section 72 below;

(c)the application for admission for treatment in respect of the patient otherwise ceases to have effect; or

(d)the order is revoked under section 17F below,

whichever occurs first.

17DEffect of community treatment order

(1)The application for admission for treatment in respect of a patient shall not cease to have effect by virtue of his becoming a community patient.

(2)But while he remains a community patient—

(a)the authority of the managers to detain him under section 6(2) above in pursuance of that application shall be suspended; and

(b)reference (however expressed) in this or any other Act, or in any subordinate legislation (within the meaning of the Interpretation Act 1978), to patients liable to be detained, or detained, under this Act shall not include him.

(3)And section 20 below shall not apply to him while he remains a community patient.

(4)Accordingly, authority for his detention shall not expire during any period in which that authority is suspended by virtue of subsection (2)(a) above.

17EPower to recall to hospital

(1)The responsible clinician may recall a community patient to hospital if in his opinion—

(a)the patient requires medical treatment in hospital for his mental disorder; and

(b)there would be a risk of harm to the health or safety of the patient or to other persons if the patient were not recalled to hospital for that purpose.

(2)The responsible clinician may also recall a community patient to hospital if the patient fails to comply with a condition specified under section 17B(3) above.

(3)The hospital to which a patient is recalled need not be the responsible hospital.

(4)Nothing in this section prevents a patient from being recalled to a hospital even though he is already in the hospital at the time when the power of recall is exercised; references to recalling him shall be construed accordingly.

(5)The power of recall under subsections (1) and (2) above shall be exercisable by notice in writing to the patient.

(6)A notice under this section recalling a patient to hospital shall be sufficient authority for the managers of that hospital to detain the patient there in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

17FPowers in respect of recalled patients

(1)This section applies to a community patient who is detained in a hospital by virtue of a notice recalling him there under section 17E above.

(2)The patient may be transferred to another hospital in such circumstances and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed in regulations made by the Secretary of State (if the hospital in which the patient is detained is in England) or the Welsh Ministers (if that hospital is in Wales).

(3)If he is so transferred to another hospital, he shall be treated for the purposes of this section (and section 17E above) as if the notice under that section were a notice recalling him to that other hospital and as if he had been detained there from the time when his detention in hospital by virtue of the notice first began.

(4)The responsible clinician may by order in writing revoke the community treatment order if—

(a)in his opinion, the conditions mentioned in section 3(2) above are satisfied in respect of the patient; and

(b)an approved mental health professional states in writing—

(i)that he agrees with that opinion; and

(ii)that it is appropriate to revoke the order.

(5)The responsible clinician may at any time release the patient under this section, but not after the community treatment order has been revoked.

(6)If the patient has not been released, nor the community treatment order revoked, by the end of the period of 72 hours, he shall then be released.

(7)But a patient who is released under this section remains subject to the community treatment order.

(8)In this section—

(a)the period of 72 hours” means the period of 72 hours beginning with the time when the patient's detention in hospital by virtue of the notice under section 17E above begins; and

(b)references to being released shall be construed as references to being released from that detention (and accordingly from being recalled to hospital).

17GEffect of revoking community treatment order

(1)This section applies if a community treatment order is revoked under section 17F above in respect of a patient.

(2)Section 6(2) above shall have effect as if the patient had never been discharged from hospital by virtue of the community treatment order.

(3)The provisions of this or any other Act relating to patients liable to be detained (or detained) in pursuance of an application for admission for treatment shall apply to the patient as they did before the community treatment order was made, unless otherwise provided.

(4)If, when the order is revoked, the patient is being detained in a hospital other than the responsible hospital, the provisions of this Part of this Act shall have effect as if—

(a)the application for admission for treatment in respect of him were an application for admission to that other hospital; and

(b)he had been admitted to that other hospital at the time when he was originally admitted in pursuance of the application.

(5)But, in any case, section 20 below shall have effect as if the patient had been admitted to hospital in pursuance of the application for admission for treatment on the day on which the order is revoked.

(3)After section 20 (the cross-heading immediately above which becomes “Duration of authority and discharge”) insert—

20ACommunity treatment period

(1)Subject to the provisions of this Part of this Act, a community treatment order shall cease to be in force on expiry of the period of six months beginning with the day on which it was made.

(2)That period is referred to in this Act as “the community treatment period”.

(3)The community treatment period may, unless the order has previously ceased to be in force, be extended—

(a)from its expiration for a period of six months;

(b)from the expiration of any period of extension under paragraph (a) above for a further period of one year,

and so on for periods of one year at a time.

(4)Within the period of two months ending on the day on which the order would cease to be in force in default of an extension under this section, it shall be the duty of the responsible clinician—

(a)to examine the patient; and

(b)if it appears to him that the conditions set out in subsection (6) below are satisfied and if a statement under subsection (8) below is made, to furnish to the managers of the responsible hospital a report to that effect in the prescribed form.

(5)Where such a report is furnished in respect of the patient, the managers shall, unless they discharge him under section 23 below, cause him to be informed.

(6)The conditions referred to in subsection (4) above are that—

(a)the patient is suffering from mental disorder of a nature or degree which makes it appropriate for him to receive medical treatment;

(b)it is necessary for his health or safety or for the protection of other persons that he should receive such treatment;

(c)subject to his continuing to be liable to be recalled as mentioned in paragraph (d) below, such treatment can be provided without his being detained in a hospital;

(d)it is necessary that the responsible clinician should continue to be able to exercise the power under section 17E(1) above to recall the patient to hospital; and

(e)appropriate medical treatment is available for him.

(7)In determining whether the criterion in subsection (6)(d) above is met, the responsible clinician shall, in particular, consider, having regard to the patient's history of mental disorder and any other relevant factors, what risk there would be of a deterioration of the patient's condition if he were to continue not to be detained in a hospital (as a result, for example, of his refusing or neglecting to receive the medical treatment he requires for his mental disorder).

(8)The statement referred to in subsection (4) above is a statement in writing by an approved mental health professional—

(a)that it appears to him that the conditions set out in subsection (6) above are satisfied; and

(b)that it is appropriate to extend the community treatment period.

(9)Before furnishing a report under subsection (4) above the responsible clinician shall consult one or more other persons who have been professionally concerned with the patient's medical treatment.

(10)Where a report is duly furnished under subsection (4) above, the community treatment period shall be thereby extended for the period prescribed in that case by subsection (3) above.

20BEffect of expiry of community treatment order

(1)A community patient shall be deemed to be discharged absolutely from liability to recall under this Part of this Act, and the application for admission for treatment cease to have effect, on expiry of the community treatment order, if the order has not previously ceased to be in force.

(2)For the purposes of subsection (1) above, a community treatment order expires on expiry of the community treatment period as extended under this Part of this Act, but this is subject to sections 21 and 22 below.

(4)Schedules 3 and 4 (which contain further amendments) have effect.

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Commencement Information

I1S. 32 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 56(1); s. 32(2)(4) in force for specified purposes at 1.4.2008 by S.I. 2008/745, art. 2(c); s. 32(4) in force for specified purposes at 3.11.2008 by S.I. 2008/1210, art. 2(b) (with art. 4); s. 32 in force insofar as not already in force at 3.11.2008 by S.I. 2008/1900, arts. 1(1), 2(i)

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