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Mental Capacity Act 2005

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Miscellaneous and supplementaryE+W

42Codes of practiceE+W

(1)The Lord Chancellor must prepare and issue one or more codes of practice—

(a)for the guidance of persons assessing whether a person has capacity in relation to any matter,

(b)for the guidance of persons acting in connection with the care or treatment of another person (see section 5),

(c)for the guidance of donees of lasting powers of attorney,

(d)for the guidance of deputies appointed by the court,

(e)for the guidance of persons carrying out research in reliance on any provision made by or under this Act (and otherwise with respect to sections 30 to 34),

(f)for the guidance of independent mental capacity advocates,

[F1(fa)for the guidance of persons exercising functions under Schedule A1,

(fb)for the guidance of representatives appointed under Part 10 of Schedule A1,]

F1(g)with respect to the provisions of sections 24 to 26 (advance decisions and apparent advance decisions), and

(h)with respect to such other matters concerned with this Act as he thinks fit.

(2)The Lord Chancellor may from time to time revise a code.

(3)The Lord Chancellor may delegate the preparation or revision of the whole or any part of a code so far as he considers expedient.

(4)It is the duty of a person to have regard to any relevant code if he is acting in relation to a person who lacks capacity and is doing so in one or more of the following ways—

(a)as the donee of a lasting power of attorney,

(b)as a deputy appointed by the court,

(c)as a person carrying out research in reliance on any provision made by or under this Act (see sections 30 to 34),

(d)as an independent mental capacity advocate,

[F2(da)in the exercise of functions under Schedule A1,

(db)as a representative appointed under Part 10 of Schedule A1,]

F2(e)in a professional capacity,

(f)for remuneration.

(5)If it appears to a court or tribunal conducting any criminal or civil proceedings that—

(a)a provision of a code, or

(b)a failure to comply with a code,

is relevant to a question arising in the proceedings, the provision or failure must be taken into account in deciding the question.

(6)A code under subsection (1)(d) may contain separate guidance for deputies appointed by virtue of paragraph 1(2) of Schedule 5 (functions of deputy conferred on receiver appointed under the Mental Health Act).

(7)In this section and in section 43, “code” means a code prepared or revised under this section.

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Amendments (Textual)

Commencement Information

I1S. 42 wholly in force at 1.10.2007; s. 42 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 68(1)-(3); s. 42(1)(2)(3)(6)(7) in force for E.W. and s. 42(4)(5) in force for certain purposes for E. at 1.4.2007 by S.I. 2007/563, arts. 1(2)(3), 2(2)(e)(3); s. 42(4)(5) in force for all purposes at 1.10.2007 by S.I. 2007/1897, art. 2(2)(e)

43Codes of practice: procedureE+W

(1)Before preparing or revising a code, the Lord Chancellor must consult—

(a)the National Assembly for Wales, and

(b)such other persons as he considers appropriate.

(2)The Lord Chancellor may not issue a code unless—

(a)a draft of the code has been laid by him before both Houses of Parliament, and

(b)the 40 day period has elapsed without either House resolving not to approve the draft.

(3)The Lord Chancellor must arrange for any code that he has issued to be published in such a way as he considers appropriate for bringing it to the attention of persons likely to be concerned with its provisions.

(4)40 day period”, in relation to the draft of a proposed code, means—

(a)if the draft is laid before one House on a day later than the day on which it is laid before the other House, the period of 40 days beginning with the later of the two days;

(b)in any other case, the period of 40 days beginning with the day on which it is laid before each House.

(5)In calculating the period of 40 days, no account is to be taken of any period during which Parliament is dissolved or prorogued or during which both Houses are adjourned for more than 4 days.

44Ill-treatment or neglectE+W

(1)Subsection (2) applies if a person (“D”)—

(a)has the care of a person (“P”) who lacks, or whom D reasonably believes to lack, capacity,

(b)is the donee of a lasting power of attorney, or an enduring power of attorney (within the meaning of Schedule 4), created by P, or

(c)is a deputy appointed by the court for P.

(2)D is guilty of an offence if he ill-treats or wilfully neglects P.

(3)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum or both;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 5 years or a fine or both.

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