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Finance Act 2001

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Part 2Civil penalties

Evasion

7(1)Subject to sub-paragraph (5) below, where—

(a)any person engages in any conduct for the purpose of evading aggregates levy,

(b)at the time when that person engages in that conduct he is a person who is or is required to be registered, or would be so required but for an exemption by virtue of regulations under section 24(4) of this Act, and

(c)that conduct involves dishonesty (whether or not it is such as to give rise to criminal liability),

that person shall be liable to a penalty equal to the amount of the levy evaded, or (as the case may be) intended to be evaded, by his conduct.

(2)The references in sub-paragraph (1) above to evading aggregates levy include references to obtaining, in circumstances where there is no entitlement to it, either—

(a)a tax credit; or

(b)a repayment of aggregates levy.

(3)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1) above the amount of levy that was or was intended to be evaded by any conduct shall be taken to include—

(a)the amount of any tax credit, and

(b)the amount of any repayment of aggregates levy,

which was, or was intended to be, obtained in circumstances where there was no entitlement to it.

(4)In determining for the purposes of sub-paragraph (1) above how much aggregates levy (in addition to any amount falling within sub-paragraph (3) above) was or was intended to be evaded, no account shall be taken of the extent (if any) to which any liability to aggregates levy of any person fell, or would have fallen, to be reduced by the amount of any tax credit or repayments of aggregates levy to which he was, or would have been, entitled.

(5)Where, by reason of conduct falling within sub-paragraph (1) above, a person is convicted of an offence (whether under this Act or otherwise) that person shall not by reason of that conduct be liable also to a penalty under this paragraph.

Liability of directors etc. for civil penalties

8(1)Where it appears to the Commissioners—

(a)that a body corporate is liable to a penalty under paragraph 7 above, and

(b)that the conduct giving rise to that penalty is, in whole or in part, attributable to the dishonesty of a person who is, or at the material time was, a director or managing officer of the body corporate (a “named officer”),

the Commissioners may serve a notice under this paragraph on the body corporate and on the named officer.

(2)A notice under this paragraph shall state—

(a)the amount of the penalty referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(a) above (“the basic penalty”); and

(b)that the Commissioners propose, in accordance with this paragraph, to recover from the named officer such portion of the basic penalty (which may be the whole of it) as is specified in the notice.

(3)Where a notice is served under this paragraph, the portion of the basic penalty specified in the notice shall be recoverable from the named officer as if he were personally liable under paragraph 7 above to a penalty which corresponds to that portion.

(4)Where a notice is served under this paragraph—

(a)the amount which may be assessed under Schedule 10 to this Act as the amount due by way of penalty from the body corporate shall be only so much (if any) of the basic penalty as is not assessed on and notified to a named officer; and

(b)the body corporate shall be treated as discharged from liability for so much of the basic penalty as is so assessed and notified.

(5)Subject to the following provisions of this paragraph, the giving of a notice under this paragraph as such shall not be a decision which may be reviewed under section 40 of this Act.

(6)Where a body corporate is assessed as mentioned in sub-paragraph (4)(a) above, the decisions of the Commissioners that may be reviewed in accordance with section 40 of this Act shall include their decision—

(a)as to the liability of the body corporate to a penalty; and

(b)as to the amount of the basic penalty that is specified in the assessment;

and sections 41 and 42 of this Act shall apply accordingly.

(7)Where an assessment is made on a named officer by virtue of this paragraph, the decisions which may be reviewed under section 40 of this Act at the request of the named officer shall include—

(a)the Commissioners' decisions in the case of the body corporate as to the matters mentioned in sub-paragraph (6)(a) and (b) above;

(b)their decision that the conduct of the body corporate referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(b) above is, in whole or in part, attributable to the dishonesty of the named officer; and

(c)their decision as to the portion of the penalty which the Commissioners propose to recover from him;

and sections 41 and 42 of this Act shall apply accordingly.

(8)In this paragraph a “managing officer”, in relation to a body corporate, means—

(a)any manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate; or

(b)any person purporting to act in any such capacity or as a director.

(9)Where the affairs of a body corporate are managed by its members, this paragraph shall apply in relation to the conduct of a member in connection with his functions of management as if he were a director of the body corporate.

Misdeclaration or neglect

9(1)Subject to sub-paragraphs (3) to (5) below, where for an accounting period—

(a)a return is made which understates a person’s liability to aggregates levy or overstates his entitlement to any tax credit or repayment of aggregates levy, or

(b)at the end of the period of 30 days beginning on the date of the making of any assessment which understates a person’s liability to aggregates levy, that person has not taken all such steps as are reasonable to draw the understatement to the attention of the Commissioners,

the person concerned shall be liable to a penalty equal to 5 per cent. of the amount of the understatement of liability or (as the case may be) overstatement of entitlement.

(2)Where—

(a)a return for an accounting period—

(i)overstates or understates to any extent a person’s liability to aggregates levy, or

(ii)understates or overstates to any extent his entitlement to any tax credits or repayments of aggregates levy,

and

(b)that return is corrected—

(i)in such circumstances as may be prescribed by regulations made by the Commissioners, and

(ii)in accordance with such conditions as may be so prescribed,

by a return for a later accounting period which understates or overstates, to the corresponding extent, any liability or entitlement for the later period,

it shall be assumed for the purposes of this paragraph that the statement made by each such return is a correct statement for the accounting period to which the return relates.

(3)Conduct falling within sub-paragraph (1) above shall not give rise to liability to a penalty under this paragraph if the person concerned provides the Commissioners with full information with respect to the inaccuracy concerned—

(a)at a time when he has no reason to believe that enquiries are being made by the Commissioners into his affairs, so far as they relate to aggregates levy; and

(b)in such form and manner as may be prescribed by regulations made by the Commissioners or specified by them in accordance with any such regulations.

(4)Conduct falling within sub-paragraph (1) above shall not give rise to liability to a penalty under this paragraph if the person concerned satisfies the Commissioners or, on appeal, an appeal tribunal that there is a reasonable excuse for his conduct.

(5)Where, by reason of conduct falling within sub-paragraph (1) above—

(a)a person is convicted of an offence (whether under this Act or otherwise), or

(b)a person is assessed to a penalty under paragraph 7 above,

that person shall not by reason of that conduct be liable also to a penalty under this paragraph.

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