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Finance Act 2001

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Charging tax in respect of certain section 546 excesses

10After section 546A insert—

546BSpecial provision in respect of certain section 546 excesses

(1)This section applies in relation to a policy or contract in any case where—

(a)a section 546 excess occurs at the end of any year (including the final year, whether or not ending with a terminal chargeable event); and

(b)the condition in subsection (2) below is satisfied in relation to that year.

(2)The condition is that—

(a)during the year there has been an assignment for money or money’s worth of part of or a share in the rights conferred by the policy or contract; or

(b)during the year there has been both—

(i)an assignment, otherwise than for money or money’s worth, of the whole or part of or a share in the rights conferred by the policy or contract; and

(ii)an earlier surrender of part of or a share in the rights conferred by the policy or contract.

(3)Where this section applies—

(a)the occurrence of the section 546 excess shall be treated for the purposes of this Chapter as not being a chargeable event; but

(b)the amount of the section 546 excess shall be charged to tax in accordance with the provisions of section 546C.

(4)In this section—

  • “final year” has the meaning given by section 546(4);

  • “section 546 excess”, in relation to any year, means an excess, occurring at the end of the year, of—

    (a)

    the reckonable aggregate value mentioned in subsection (2) of section 546, over

    (b)

    the allowable aggregate amount mentoned in subsection (3) of that section;

  • “terminal chargeable event” means any chargeable event other than—

    (a)

    an assignment for money or money’s worth of the whole of the rights conferred by the policy or contract;

    (b)

    the occurrence of a section 546 excess; or

    (c)

    a chargeable event by virtue of section 546C(7)(a);

  • “year” has the meaning given by section 546(4).

546CCharging the section 546 excess to tax where section 546B applies

(1)This section applies where, in relation to any policy or contract, the amount of a section 546 excess occurring at the end of any year falls to be charged to tax in accordance with this section by virtue of section 546B(3)(b).

(2)The following amounts shall be calculated as at the end of that year—

(a)the aggregate of the values calculated under section 546(1)(a) in respect of any part of or share in the rights conferred by the policy or contract which has been assigned for money or money’s worth, or surrendered, during the year;

(b)the amount by which—

(i)the reckonable aggregate value mentioned in section 546(2), as at the end of the year, exceeds

(ii)the aggregate calculated under paragraph (a) above;

and

(c)the amount by which—

(i)the allowable aggregate amount mentioned in section 546(3), as at the end of the year, exceeds

(ii)the amount calculated under paragraph (b) above.

(3)In this section—

(a)“relevant transaction” means any assignment for money or money’s worth, or any surrender, of a part of or share in the rights conferred by the policy or contract which has happened during the year;

(b)“transaction value”, in relation to any relevant transaction, means the value calculated in accordance with section 546(1)(a) in the case of that transaction;

(c)“the amount of available premium” means—

(i)in relation to the earliest relevant transaction, the amount calculated under subsection (2)(c) above (that amount being taken to be nil if there is no such excess as is there mentioned); and

(ii)in relation to each successive relevant transaction, that amount as successively reduced under subsections (5) to (7) below.

(4)Subsection (5) below shall apply successively to each of the relevant transactions that happened in the year, in the order in which they happened.

If the year is the final year and ends with a terminal chargeable event, this subsection is subject to section 546D.

(5)Where this subsection applies in relation to a relevant transaction—

(a)the transaction value shall be compared to the amount of available premium; and

(b)if the amount of available premium exceeds or is equal to the transaction value, subsection (6) below shall apply in relation to the transaction; but

(c)if the transaction value exceeds the amount of available premium, subsection (7) below shall apply in relation to the transaction.

(6)Where this subsection applies in relation to a relevant transaction—

(a)the amount of available premium shall be reduced (or further reduced) by the transaction value; and

(b)that reduction shall have effect in relation to the next subsequent relevant transaction.

(7)Where this subsection applies in relation to a relevant transaction—

(a)the relevant transaction shall for the purposes of this Chapter be a chargeable event in relation to the policy or contract, except as provided by sections 540(3) and 542(3);

(b)a gain of an amount equal to that by which the transaction value exceeds the amount of available premium shall be treated for the purposes of this Chapter as arising in connection with the policy or contract on the happening of that chargeable event; and

(c)in relation to any subsequent relevant transaction, the amount of available premium shall be reduced to nil.

(8)Where the whole or any part of the amount of any gain treated as arising by subsection (7)(b) above falls to be treated under any provision of section 547 as forming part of the income of any body or person for—

(a)the year of assessment in which the chargeable event in question happened, or

(b)the accounting period in which it happened,

that year of assessment or accounting period shall be taken to be the one which includes the end of the year as at which the section 546 excess in question occurs, instead of the one (if different) in which the relevant transaction happened.

(9)Where this section applies in relation to the final year and that year ends with a terminal chargeable event—

(a)effect shall be given to this section before applying the provisions of this Chapter in relation to the terminal chargeable event; and

(b)in applying this Chapter in relation to the terminal chargeable event, any chargeable event by virtue of subsection (7)(a) above accordingly falls to be regarded as having occurred before the terminal chargeable event.

(10)This section shall be construed as one with section 546B.

546DModifications of s.546C for final year ending with terminal chargeable event

(1)This section applies in any case where the year mentioned in section 546C(4) is the final year and that year ends with a terminal chargeable event.

(2)In any such case there shall be calculated, as at the end of the year, the amount of the gain (“the gains limit”) that would have been treated as arising on the happening of the terminal chargeable event, apart from the application of sections 546B and 546C in relation to that year.

(3)Subsection (5) of section 546C shall apply successively to each of the relevant transactions that happened in the year, in the order in which they happened, unless and until the transaction in question (the “final transaction”) is such that the aggregate of—

(a)its transaction value apart from subsection (4) below, and

(b)the sum of the transaction values of any relevant transactions to which subsection (5) of that section has previously applied,

exceeds the gains limit.

(4)If, in the case of the final transaction,—

(a)the aggregate mentioned in subsection (3) above exceeds the gains limit, but

(b)the sum mentioned in paragraph (b) of that subsection is less than that limit,

subsection (5) of section 546C shall apply in relation to that transaction, but for the purposes of subsections (5) to (7) of that section its transaction value shall be reduced to an amount equal to the difference between the gains limit and the sum mentioned in paragraph (b) above.

(5)Except as provided by subsection (4) above, subsection (5) of section 546C shall not apply in relation to the final transaction or any subsequent relevant transaction.

(6)This section shall be construed as one with sections 546B and 546C..

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