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Financial Services and Markets Act 2000

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Part XXVIIOffences

Miscellaneous offences

397Misleading statements and practices

(1)This subsection applies to a person who—

(a)makes a statement, promise or forecast which he knows to be misleading, false or deceptive in a material particular;

(b)dishonestly conceals any material facts whether in connection with a statement, promise or forecast made by him or otherwise; or

(c)recklessly makes (dishonestly or otherwise) a statement, promise or forecast which is misleading, false or deceptive in a material particular.

(2)A person to whom subsection (1) applies is guilty of an offence if he makes the statement, promise or forecast or conceals the facts for the purpose of inducing, or is reckless as to whether it may induce, another person (whether or not the person to whom the statement, promise or forecast is made)—

(a)to enter or offer to enter into, or to refrain from entering or offering to enter into, a relevant agreement; or

(b)to exercise, or refrain from exercising, any rights conferred by a relevant investment.

(3)Any person who does any act or engages in any course of conduct which creates a false or misleading impression as to the market in or the price or value of any relevant investments is guilty of an offence if he does so for the purpose of creating that impression and of thereby inducing another person to acquire, dispose of, subscribe for or underwrite those investments or to refrain from doing so or to exercise, or refrain from exercising, any rights conferred by those investments.

(4)In proceedings for an offence under subsection (2) brought against a person to whom subsection (1) applies as a result of paragraph (a) of that subsection, it is a defence for him to show that the statement, promise or forecast was made in conformity with price stabilising rules or control of information rules.

(5)In proceedings brought against any person for an offence under subsection (3) it is a defence for him to show—

(a)that he reasonably believed that his act or conduct would not create an impression that was false or misleading as to the matters mentioned in that subsection;

(b)that he acted or engaged in the conduct—

(i)for the purpose of stabilising the price of investments; and

(ii)in conformity with price stabilising rules; or

(c)that he acted or engaged in the conduct in conformity with control of information rules.

(6)Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply unless—

(a)the statement, promise or forecast is made in or from, or the facts are concealed in or from, the United Kingdom or arrangements are made in or from the United Kingdom for the statement, promise or forecast to be made or the facts to be concealed;

(b)the person on whom the inducement is intended to or may have effect is in the United Kingdom; or

(c)the agreement is or would be entered into or the rights are or would be exercised in the United Kingdom.

(7)Subsection (3) does not apply unless—

(a)the act is done, or the course of conduct is engaged in, in the United Kingdom; or

(b)the false or misleading impression is created there.

(8)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or both;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding seven years or a fine, or both.

(9)“Relevant agreement” means an agreement—

(a)the entering into or performance of which by either party constitutes an activity of a specified kind or one which falls within a specified class of activity; and

(b)which relates to a relevant investment.

(10)“Relevant investment” means an investment of a specified kind or one which falls within a prescribed class of investment.

(11)Schedule 2 (except paragraphs 25 and 26) applies for the purposes of subsections (9) and (10) with references to section 22 being read as references to each of those subsections.

(12)Nothing in Schedule 2, as applied by subsection (11), limits the power conferred by subsection (9) or (10).

(13)“Investment” includes any asset, right or interest.

(14)“Specified” means specified in an order made by the Treasury.

398Misleading the Authority: residual cases

(1)A person who, in purported compliance with any requirement imposed by or under this Act, knowingly or recklessly gives the Authority information which is false or misleading in a material particular is guilty of an offence.

(2)Subsection (1) applies only to a requirement in relation to which no other provision of this Act creates an offence in connection with the giving of information.

(3)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine.

399Misleading the Director General of Fair Trading

Section 44 of the [1998 c. 41.] Competition Act 1998 (offences connected with the provision of false or misleading information) applies in relation to any function of the Director General of Fair Trading under this Act as if it were a function under Part I of that Act.

Bodies corporate and partnerships

400Offences by bodies corporate etc

(1)If an offence under this Act committed by a body corporate is shown—

(a)to have been committed with the consent or connivance of an officer, or

(b)to be attributable to any neglect on his part,

the officer as well as the body corporate is guilty of the offence and liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

(2)If the affairs of a body corporate are managed by its members, subsection (1) applies in relation to the acts and defaults of a member in connection with his functions of management as if he were a director of the body.

(3)If an offence under this Act committed by a partnership is shown—

(a)to have been committed with the consent or connivance of a partner, or

(b)to be attributable to any neglect on his part,

the partner as well as the partnership is guilty of the offence and liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

(4)In subsection (3) “partner” includes a person purporting to act as a partner.

(5)“Officer”, in relation to a body corporate, means—

(a)a director, member of the committee of management, chief executive, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body, or a person purporting to act in any such capacity; and

(b)an individual who is a controller of the body.

(6)If an offence under this Act committed by an unincorporated association (other than a partnership) is shown—

(a)to have been committed with the consent or connivance of an officer of the association or a member of its governing body, or

(b)to be attributable to any neglect on the part of such an officer or member,

that officer or member as well as the association is guilty of the offence and liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

(7)Regulations may provide for the application of any provision of this section, with such modifications as the Treasury consider appropriate, to a body corporate or unincorporated association formed or recognised under the law of a territory outside the United Kingdom.

Institution of proceedings

401Proceedings for offences

(1)In this section “offence” means an offence under this Act or subordinate legislation made under this Act.

(2)Proceedings for an offence may be instituted in England and Wales only—

(a)by the Authority or the Secretary of State; or

(b)by or with the consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions.

(3)Proceedings for an offence may be instituted in Northern Ireland only—

(a)by the Authority or the Secretary of State; or

(b)by or with the consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions for Northern Ireland.

(4)Except in Scotland, proceedings for an offence under section 203 may also be instituted by the Director General of Fair Trading.

(5)In exercising its power to institute proceedings for an offence, the Authority must comply with any conditions or restrictions imposed in writing by the Treasury.

(6)Conditions or restrictions may be imposed under subsection (5) in relation to—

(a)proceedings generally; or

(b)such proceedings, or categories of proceedings, as the Treasury may direct.

402Power of the Authority to institute proceedings for certain other offences

(1)Except in Scotland, the Authority may institute proceedings for an offence under—

(a)Part V of the [1993 c. 36.] Criminal Justice Act 1993 (insider dealing); or

(b)prescribed regulations relating to money laundering.

(2)In exercising its power to institute proceedings for any such offence, the Authority must comply with any conditions or restrictions imposed in writing by the Treasury.

(3)Conditions or restrictions may be imposed under subsection (2) in relation to—

(a)proceedings generally; or

(b)such proceedings, or categories of proceedings, as the Treasury may direct.

403Jurisdiction and procedure in respect of offences

(1)A fine imposed on an unincorporated association on its conviction of an offence is to be paid out of the funds of the association.

(2)Proceedings for an offence alleged to have been committed by an unincorporated association must be brought in the name of the association (and not in that of any of its members).

(3)Rules of court relating to the service of documents are to have effect as if the association were a body corporate.

(4)In proceedings for an offence brought against an unincorporated association—

(a)section 33 of the [1925 c. 86.] Criminal Justice Act 1925 and Schedule 3 to the [1980 c. 43.] Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 (procedure) apply as they do in relation to a body corporate;

(b)section 70 of the [1995 c. 46.] Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (procedure) applies as if the association were a body corporate;

(c)section 18 of the [1945 c. 15 (N.I.)] Criminal Justice (Northern Ireland) Act 1945 and Schedule 4 to the [S.I. 1981/1675] Magistrates' Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 (procedure) apply as they do in relation to a body corporate.

(5)Summary proceedings for an offence may be taken—

(a)against a body corporate or unincorporated association at any place at which it has a place of business;

(b)against an individual at any place where he is for the time being.

(6)Subsection (5) does not affect any jurisdiction exercisable apart from this section.

(7)“Offence” means an offence under this Act.

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