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Access to Justice Act 1999

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Section 14.

SCHEDULE 3Criminal Defence Service: right to representation

This schedule has no associated Explanatory Notes

Individuals to whom right may be granted

1(1)A right to representation for the purposes of any kind of criminal proceedings before a court may be granted to an individual such as is mentioned in relation to that kind of proceedings in section 12(2).

(2)A right to representation for the purposes of criminal proceedings may also be granted to an individual to enable him to resist an appeal to the Crown Court otherwise than in an official capacity.

(3)In this Schedule “court” includes any body before which criminal proceedings take place.

Grant of right by court

2(1)A court before which any criminal proceedings take place, or are to take place, has power to grant a right to representation in respect of those proceedings except in such circumstances as may be prescribed.

(2)Where a right to representation is granted for the purposes of criminal proceedings it includes the right to representation for the purposes of any related bail proceedings and any preliminary or incidental proceedings; and regulations may make provision specifying whether any proceedings are or are not to be regarded as preliminary or incidental.

(3)A court also has power to grant a right to representation for the purposes of criminal proceedings before another court in such circumstances as may be prescribed.

(4)The form of the application for a grant of a right to representation under this paragraph, and the form of the grant of such a right, shall be such as may be prescribed.

(5)A right to representation in respect of proceedings may be withdrawn by any court before which the proceedings take place; and a court must consider whether to withdraw a right to representation in such circumstances as may be prescribed.

(6)The powers of a magistrates' court for any area under this paragraph may be exercised by a single justice of the peace for the area.

(7)Any rules under section 144 of the [1980 c. 43.] Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 which provide for the functions of a single justice under sub-paragraph (6) to be exercised by a justices' clerk may make different provision for different areas.

Grant of right by commission

3(1)Regulations may provide that the Commission shall have power to grant rights to representation in respect of any one or more of the descriptions of proceedings prescribed under section 12(2)(g), and to withdraw any rights to representation granted by it.

(2)The form of any application for a grant of a right to representation under this paragraph, and the form of the grant of such a right, shall be such as may be prescribed.

(3)Regulations under sub-paragraph (1) may make such transitional provisions as the Lord Chancellor may consider appropriate.

Appeals

4Except where regulations otherwise provide, an appeal shall lie to such court or other person or body as may be prescribed against a decision to refuse to grant a right to representation or to withdraw a right to representation.

Criteria for grant of right

5(1)Any question as to whether a right to representation should be granted shall be determined according to the interests of justice.

(2)In deciding what the interests of justice consist of in relation to any individual, the following factors must be taken into account—

(a)whether the individual would, if any matter arising in the proceedings is decided against him, be likely to lose his liberty or livelihood or suffer serious damage to his reputation,

(b)whether the determination of any matter arising in the proceedings may involve consideration of a substantial question of law,

(c)whether the individual may be unable to understand the proceedings or to state his own case,

(d)whether the proceedings may involve the tracing, interviewing or expert cross-examination of witnesses on behalf of the individual, and

(e)whether it is in the interests of another person that the individual be represented.

(3)The Lord Chancellor may by order amend sub-paragraph (2) by adding new factors or varying any factor.

(4)A right to representation shall always be granted in such circumstances as may be prescribed.

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