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Bank of England Act 1998

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  1. Introductory Text

  2. Part I Constitution, regulation and financial arrangements

    1. Constitution and regulation

      1. 1. Court of directors.

      2. 2. Functions of court of directors.

      3. 2A.Financial Stability Objective

      4. 2AA.Macro-prudential measures: Article 458 of the capital requirements regulation

      5. 2B.Financial Stability Committee

      6. 2C.Financial Stability Committee: supplemental

      7. 3A.Oversight Committee

      8. 3B.Oversight Committee: procedure

      9. 3C.Reviews

      10. 3D.Publication of reports of performance reviews

      11. 3E.Recommendations resulting from review

      12. 3F.Oversight Committee: further provisions

      13. 4. Annual report by the Bank.

      14. 5. Custody and use of the seal.

    2. Financial arrangements

      1. 6. Cash ratio deposits.

      2. 7. Accounts.

      3. 7A.Accounts of companies wholly owned by the Bank

      4. 8. Payments in lieu of dividends.

    3. Supplementary

      1. 9. Consequential amendments.

  3. PART 1A Financial Stability

    1. Financial stability strategy of the Bank

      1. 9A.Financial stability strategy

    2. Financial Policy Committee of the Bank

      1. 9B.Financial Policy Committee

      2. 9C.Objectives of the Financial Policy Committee

      3. 9D.Specification of matters relevant to economic policy

      4. 9E.Recommendations by Treasury

      5. 9F.Other general duties

      6. 9G.Functions of the Financial Policy Committee

    3. Directions by Financial Policy Committee

      1. 9H.Directions to FCA or PRA requiring macro-prudential measures

      2. 9I.Compliance with directions under section 9H

      3. 9J.Revocation of directions under section 9H

      4. 9K.Further provisions about directions under section 9H

      5. 9L.Macro-prudential measures

      6. 9M.Statements of policy by Financial Policy Committee

      7. 9N.Parliamentary control of orders under section 9L

    4. Recommendations by Financial Policy Committee

      1. 9O.Making of recommendations within the Bank

      2. 9P.Recommendations to Treasury

      3. 9Q.Recommendations to FCA and PRA

      4. 9R.Recommendations to other persons

    5. Explanation

      1. 9S.Duty to prepare explanation

    6. Review

      1. 9T.Duty to review directions and recommendations

    7. Publication of record of meetings

      1. 9U.Publication of record of meetings

      2. 9V.Deferred publication

    8. Financial stability reports by Financial Policy Committee

      1. 9W.Financial stability reports by Financial Policy Committee

    9. Meetings between Governor and Chancellor of the Exchequer

      1. 9X.Meetings between Governor and Chancellor of the Exchequer

    10. Power of Bank to require FCA or PRA to provide information

      1. 9Y.Directions requiring information or documents

      2. 9Z.Further provisions about directions under section 9Y

    11. Supplementary

      1. 9ZA.Interpretation of Part 1A

  4. Part II Monetary Policy

    1. Role of the Bank

      1. 10. Operational responsibility.

      2. 11. Objectives.

      3. 12. Specification of matters relevant to objectives.

    2. Monetary Policy Committee of the Bank

      1. 13. Monetary Policy Committee.

      2. 14. Publication of statements about decisions.

      3. 15. Publication of minutes of meetings.

      4. 16. Functions of Oversight Committee.

    3. Information and reports

      1. 17. Power to obtain information.

      2. 18. Reports.

    4. Treasury’s reserve powers

      1. 19. Reserve powers.

    5. Supplementary

      1. 20. Interpretation of Part II.

  5. Part III Transfer of supervisory functions of the Bank to the Financial Services Authority

    1. ...

      1. 21. Transfer.

      2. 22. Supplementary provisions.

      3. 23. Consequential amendments.

    2. ...

      1. 24. Status.

      2. 25. Transfer of supervisory functions of the Bank to the Financial Services Authority

      3. 26. Transfer of supervisory functions of the Bank to the Financial Services Authority

      4. 27. Transfer of supervisory functions of the Bank to the Financial Services Authority

    3. Consequential changes to banking bodies

      1. 28. Transfer of supervisory functions of the Bank to the Financial Services Authority

      2. 29. Transfer of supervisory functions of the Bank to the Financial Services Authority

    4. Supplementary

      1. 30. Interpretation of Part III.

  6. Part IV Miscellaneous and general

    1. Miscellaneous

      1. 31. Miscellaneous and general

      2. 32. Miscellaneous and general

      3. 33. Closure of National Savings Stock Register to gilts.

      4. 34. Provision of brokerage service in connection with gilt registration.

      5. 35. Section 207 of the Companies Act 1989: bearer securities.

      6. 36. Miscellaneous and general

    2. General

      1. 37. Restriction on disclosure of information.

      2. 38. Offences in relation to supplying information to the Bank.

      3. 39. Offences by bodies corporate.

      4. 40. Orders.

      5. 41. General interpretation.

      6. 42. Transitional provisions and savings.

      7. 43. Repeals.

    3. Final provisions

      1. 44. Extent.

      2. 45. Commencement.

      3. 46. Short title.

  7. SCHEDULES

    1. SCHEDULE 1

      Court of directors

      1. Terms of office

        1. 1.(1) Appointment as Governor of the Bank shall be for...

        2. 2.Appointment as non-executive director of the Bank shall be for...

        3. 3.A person appointed as director of the Bank in place...

        4. 4.A person appointed as Governor, Deputy Governor or non-executive director...

      2. Qualification for appointment

        1. 5.(1) A person is disqualified for appointment as Governor, Deputy...

        2. 6.(1) The fact that a person has held office as...

      3. Removal from office

        1. 7.(1) A person appointed as Governor or Deputy Governor of...

        2. 8.(1) The Bank may, with the consent of the Chancellor...

      4. Powers

        1. 9.The court may act notwithstanding the existence of one or...

        2. 10.The court may appoint such sub-committees as it thinks fit....

        3. 11.(1) The court may delegate such duties and powers as...

      5. Meetings

        1. 12.(1) The court shall meet at least 7 times in...

      6. Publication of record of meetings

        1. 12A.(1) The Bank must publish a record of each meeting...

      7. Proceedings

        1. 13.(1) At a meeting of the court, the proceedings shall...

      8. Remuneration

        1. 14.(1) A person appointed as Governor or Deputy Governor of...

        2. 15.A non-executive director of the Bank shall be entitled to...

    2. SCHEDULE 2

      Cash ratio deposits

      1. Eligible institutions

        1. 1.(1) Each deposit-taker is an eligible institution for the purposes...

      2. Liability base

        1. 2.(1) For the purposes of this Schedule, the liability base...

      3. Call notices

        1. 3.(1) The Bank may give an eligible institution notice under...

      4. Calculation of depositable amount

        1. 4.(1) In the case of any call notice, the amount...

      5. Value bands and applicable ratios

        1. 5.The Treasury may by order specify for the purposes of...

      6. Effect of call notice

        1. 6.(1) Where the Bank has given an eligible institution a...

      7. Benchmark rate of interest

        1. 7.(1) The benchmark rate of interest for the purposes of...

        2. 8.The Treasury may by order amend or replace paragraph 7....

      8. Power to obtain information

        1. 9.(1) The Bank may by notice in writing require an...

      9. Orders

        1. 10.Before making an order under this Schedule, the Treasury shall...

        2. 11.In exercising the power to make orders under paragraph 2(2)...

      10. Interpretation

        1. 12.In this Schedule— “reference period”, in relation to a call...

      11. Modifications for new entrants

        1. 13.(1) In its application to the first call notice to...

    3. SCHEDULE 2A

      Financial Policy Committee

      1. Terms of office of appointed members

        1. 1.(1) Appointment under section 9B(1)(d) or (e) as a member...

        2. 2.(1) A person may not be appointed as a member...

        3. 3.(1) If it appears to the Chancellor of the Exchequer...

        4. 4.(1) A person appointed under section 9B(1)(d) or (e) may...

        5. 5.The terms and conditions on which a person holds office...

      2. Qualification for appointment

        1. 6.(1) The following persons are disqualified for appointment under section...

      3. Removal of appointed members

        1. 7.A person appointed under section 9B(1)(d) or (e) vacates office...

        2. 8.A person appointed under section 9B(1)(d) vacates office on ceasing...

        3. 9.(1) The Oversight Committee may, with the consent of the...

      4. Meetings

        1. 10.(1) The Committee shall meet at least 4 times in...

      5. Proceedings

        1. 11.(1) At a meeting of the Committee, the proceedings are...

        2. 12.The Committee may, in relation to sub-paragraph (2), (3), (4)...

        3. 13.The Committee may invite other persons to attend, or to...

        4. 14.If a member of the Committee (“M”) has any direct...

    4. SCHEDULE 3

      Monetary Policy Committee

      1. Terms of office of appointed members

        1. 1.Appointment as a member of the Committee under section 13(2)(b)...

        2. 2.A person appointed under section 13(2)(b) or (c) in place...

        3. 2A.A person may not be appointed as a member of...

        4. 2B.(1) If it appears to the Chancellor of the Exchequer...

        5. 3.(1) A person appointed under section 13(2)(b) or (c) may...

        6. 4.(1) A person who holds office as a member of...

      2. Qualification for appointment

        1. 5.A person is disqualified for appointment under section 13(2)(b) or...

        2. 5A.A member of the Financial Policy Committee of the Bank...

        3. 6.The fact that a person has held office under section...

      3. Removal of appointed members

        1. 7.A person appointed under section 13(2)(b) or (c) shall vacate...

        2. 8.A person appointed under section 13(2)(b) shall vacate office if...

        3. 9.(1) The Oversight Committee may, with the consent of the...

      4. Meetings

        1. 10.(1) The Committee shall meet at least once a month....

      5. Proceedings

        1. 11.(1) At a meeting of the Committee, the proceedings shall...

        2. 12.The Committee may, in relation to sub-paragraph (2), (3) or...

        3. 13.A representative of the Treasury may attend, and speak at,...

        4. 13A.The Committee may invite other persons to attend, or to...

      6. Report to court of directors of the Bank

        1. 14.The Committee shall submit a monthly report on its activities...

      7. Parliamentary disqualification

        1. 15.In Part III of Schedule 1 to the House of...

    5. SCHEDULE 4

      Transfer of functions: supplementary provisions

      1. Continuity of exercise of functions

        1. 1.(1) The transfer of functions by this Part shall not...

      2. Transfer of staff

        1. 2.The transfer of functions by this Part shall be regarded...

      3. Transfer of property, rights and liabilities

        1. 3.(1) The Bank shall make a scheme under this paragraph...

        2. 4.(1) The property, rights and liabilities capable of being transferred...

        3. 5.(1) A scheme under paragraph 3 may also contain provision—...

        4. 6.(1) A scheme under paragraph 3 may make such supplemental,...

    6. SCHEDULE 5

      Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

      1. Part I Banking supervision

        1. Chapter I Banking Act 1987

          1. 1. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          2. 2. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          3. 3. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          4. 4. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          5. 5. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          6. 6. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          7. 7. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          8. 8. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          9. 9. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          10. 10. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          11. 11. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          12. 12. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          13. 13. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          14. 14. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          15. 15. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          16. 16. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          17. 17. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          18. 18. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          19. 19. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          20. 20. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

        2. Chapter II Banking Coordination (Second Council Directive) Regulations 1992

          1. 21. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          2. 22. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          3. 23. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          4. 24. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          5. 25. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          6. 26. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          7. 27. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          8. 28. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          9. 29. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          10. 30. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          11. 31. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          12. 32. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          13. 33. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          14. 34. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          15. 35. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

        3. Chapter III Other Enactments

          1. Consumer Credit Act 1974 (c. 39)

            1. 36.In the Consumer Credit Act 1974, in section 16(3)(f), for...

          2. Insolvency Act 1986 (c. 45)

            1. 37.In the Insolvency Act 1986, in section 422(1), for “Bank...

          3. Building Societies Act 1986 (c. 53)

            1. 38.(1) Section 101 of the Building Societies Act 1986 is...

          4. Financial Services Act 1986 (c. 60)

            1. 39. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          5. Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 S.I. 1989/2405 (N.I. 19)

            1. 40.In the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989, in Article 366,...

          6. Courts and Legal Services Act 1990 (c. 41)

            1. 41.(1) The Courts and Legal Services Act 1990 is amended...

          7. Charities Act 1993 (c. 10)

            1. 42. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          8. Building Societies Act 1997 (c. 32)

            1. 43.(1) Section 32 of the Building Societies Act 1997 is...

      2. Part II Supervision under section 43 of the Financial Services Act 1986

        1. Financial Services Act 1986 (c. 60)

          1. 44. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

        2. Investment Services Regulations 1995 (S.I. 1995/3275)

          1. 45. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

      3. Part III Supervision under section 171 of the Companies Act 1989

        1. Companies Act 1989 (c. 40)

          1. 46.The Companies Act 1989 is amended as follows.

          2. 47. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          3. 48.(1) Section 176 is amended as follows.

        2. Companies (No. 2) (Northern Ireland) Order 1990 (S.I. 1990/1504 (N.I. 10))

          1. 49.(1) The Companies (No. 2) (Northern Ireland) Order 1990 is...

          2. 50.In article 93(3), for “and the Bank of England” there...

          3. 51.(1) Article 98 is amended as follows.

      4. Part IV General: disclosure of information

        1. Chapter I Banking Act 1987

          1. 52. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          2. 53. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          3. 54. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          4. 55. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          5. 56. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          6. 57. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          7. 58. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          8. 59. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

        2. Chapter II Other Enactments

          1. Consumer Credit Act 1974 (c. 39)

            1. 60.In section 174(3A) of the Consumer Credit Act 1974—

          2. Insurance Companies Act 1982 (c. 50)

            1. 61. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          3. Companies Act 1985 (c. 6)

            1. 62. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          4. Companies (Northern Ireland) Order 1986 (S.I. 1986/1032 (N.I. 6))

            1. 63. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          5. Building Societies Act 1986 (c. 53)

            1. 64.(1) The Building Societies Act 1986 is amended as follows....

          6. Financial Services Act 1986 (c. 60)

            1. 65. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          7. Companies Act 1989 (c. 40)

            1. 66. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          8. Courts and Legal Services Act 1990 (c. 41)

            1. 67. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          9. Friendly Societies Act 1992 (c. 40)

            1. 68. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          10. Pension Schemes Act 1993 (c. 48)

            1. 69.(1) The Pension Schemes Act 1993 is amended as follows....

          11. Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993 (c.49)

            1. 70.(1) The Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993 is amended...

          12. Pensions Act 1995 (c. 26)

            1. 71. Transfer of functions: consequential amendments

          13. Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22))

            1. 72.In Article 105(1) of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995,...

    7. SCHEDULE 6

      1. Powers

        1. 1.(1) Every application for authorisation under the Banking Act 1987...

      2. Consultation

        1. 2.(1) Before making regulations under paragraph 1, the Authority shall—...

      3. Mode of exercise

        1. 3.Power to make regulations under paragraph 1 is exercisable by...

      4. Publication

        1. 4.(1) Immediately after regulations under paragraph 1 are made they...

      5. Proof of regulations

        1. 5.(1) The production of a printed copy of regulations purporting...

    8. SCHEDULE 7

      Restriction on disclosure of information

      1. Restricted information

        1. 1.(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2), information is restricted information for...

      2. Disclosure for the purposes of the Bank’s functions

        1. 2.(1) Paragraph 1 does not preclude the disclosure of information...

      3. Disclosure by the Bank to other authorities

        1. 3.(1) Paragraph 1 does not preclude the disclosure by the...

      4. Onward disclosure

        1. 4.(1) Paragraph 1 does not preclude the disclosure by any...

      5. Other permitted disclosures

        1. 5.Paragraph 1 does not preclude the disclosure of information—

    9. SCHEDULE 8

      Transitional provisions and savings

      1. Bank’s immunity from suit

        1. 1. Transitional provisions and savings

      2. Disclosure of information

        1. 2. Transitional provisions and savings

        2. 3. Transitional provisions and savings

        3. 4. Transitional provisions and savings

        4. 5. Transitional provisions and savings

      3. Pre-commencement consultation

        1. 6.If, before the day on which this Act comes into...

      4. Membership of the Deposit Protection Board

        1. 7. Transitional provisions and savings

    10. SCHEDULE 9

      Repeals and revocations

      1. Part I Repeals

      2. Part II

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