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Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995

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PART XIU.K. Sentencing

GeneralS

195 Remit to High Court for sentence.S

(1)Where at any diet in proceedings on indictment in the sheriff court, sentence falls to be imposed but the sheriff holds that any competent sentence which he can impose is inadequate [F1or it appears to him that the criteria mentioned in section 210E of this Act (that is to say, the risk criteria) may be met] so that [F2, in either case,] the question of sentence is appropriate for the High Court, he shall—

(a)endorse upon the record copy of the indictment a certificate of the plea or the verdict, as the case may be;

(b)by interlocutor written on the record copy remit the convicted person to the High Court for sentence; and

(c)append to the interlocutor a note of his reasons for the remit,

and a remit under this section shall be sufficient warrant to bring the accused before the High Court for sentence and shall remain in force until the person is sentenced.

(2)Where under any enactment an offence is punishable on conviction on indictment by imprisonment for a term exceeding [F3five years] but the enactment either expressly or impliedly restricts the power of the sheriff to impose a sentence of imprisonment for a term exceeding [F3five years], it shall be competent for the sheriff to remit the accused to the High Court for sentence under subsection (1) above; and it shall be competent for the High Court to pass any sentence which it could have passed if the person had been convicted before it.

(3)When the Clerk of Justiciary receives the record copy of the indictment he shall send a copy of the note of reasons to the convicted person or his solicitor and to the Crown Agent.

(4)Subject to subsection (3) above, the note of reasons shall be available only to the High Court and the parties.

Textual Amendments

F1Words in s. 195(1) inserted (19.6.2006 for certain purposes and otherwise prosp.) by Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 7), ss. 1(2), 89, Sch. 1 para. 2(5)(a): S.S.I. 2006/332, art. 2

F2Words in s. 195(1) inserted (19.6.2006 for certain purposes and otherwise prosp.) by Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 7), ss. 1(2), 89, Sch. 1 para. 2(5)(b); S.S.I. 2006/332, art. 2

F3Words in s. 195(2) substituted (1.5.2004) by 1997 c. 48, ss. 13(3), 65(2); S.S.I. 2004/176, art. 2

196 Sentence following guilty plea.S

[F4(1)] In determining what sentence to pass on, or what other disposal or order to make in relation to, an offender who has pled guilty to an offence, a court [F5shall] take into account—

(a)the stage in the proceedings for the offence at which the offender indicated his intention to plead guilty, and

(b)the circumstances in which that indication was given.

[F6(1A)In passing sentence on an offender referred to in subsection (1) above, the court shall—

(a)state whether, having taken account of the matters mentioned in paragraphs (a) and (b) of that subsection, the sentence imposed in respect of the offence is different from that which the court would otherwise have imposed; and

(b)if it is not, state reasons why it is not.]

[F7(2)Where the court is passing sentence on an offender under section 205B(2) of this Act and that offender has pled guilty to the offence for which he is being so sentenced, the court may, after taking into account the matters mentioned in paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (1) above, pass a sentence of less than seven years imprisonment or, as the case may be, detention but any such sentence shall not be of a term of imprisonment or period of detention of less than five years, two hundred and nineteen days.]

Textual Amendments

F4S. 196 renumbered as s. 196(1) (20.10.1997) by 1997 c. 48, s. 2(2)(a); S.I. 1997/2323, art. 3, Sch. 1

F5Word in s. 196(1) substituted (4.10.2004) by Criminal Procedure (Amendment) (Scotland) Act 2004 (asp 5), ss. 20(2), 27(1); S.S.I. 2004/405, art. 2, Sch. 1 (subject to savings in arts. 3-5)

F7S. 196(2) inserted (20.10.1997) by 1997 c. 48, s. 2(2)(b); S.I. 1997/2323, art. 3, Sch. 1

197 Sentencing guidelines.S

Without prejudice to any rule of law, a court in passing sentence shall have regard to any relevant opinion pronounced under section 118(7) or section 189(7) of this Act.

198 Form of sentence.S

(1)In any case the sentence to be pronounced shall be announced by the judge in open court and shall be entered in the record in the form prescribed by Act of Adjournal.

(2)In recording a sentence of imprisonment, it shall be sufficient to minute the term of imprisonment to which the court sentenced the accused, without specifying the prison in which the sentence is to be carried out; and an entry of sentence, signed by the clerk of court, shall be full warrant and authority for any subsequent execution of the sentence and for the clerk to issue extracts for the purposes of execution or otherwise.

(3)In extracting a sentence of imprisonment, the extract may be in the form set out in an Act of Adjournal or as nearly as may be in such form.

199 Power to mitigate penalties.S

(1)Subject to subsection (3) below, where a person is convicted of the contravention of an enactment and the penalty which may be imposed involves—

(a)imprisonment;

(b)the imposition of a fine;

(c)the finding of caution for good behaviour or otherwise whether or not imposed in addition to imprisonment or a fine,

subsection (2) below shall apply.

(2)Where this subsection applies, the court, in addition to any other power conferred by statute, shall have power—

(a)to reduce the period of imprisonment;

(b)to substitute for imprisonment a fine (either with or without the finding of caution for good behaviour);

(c)to substitute for imprisonment or a fine the finding of caution;

(d)to reduce the amount of the fine;

(e)to dispense with the finding of caution.

(3)Subsection (2) above shall not apply—

(a)in relation to an enactment which carries into effect a treaty, convention, or agreement with a foreign state which stipulates for a fine of a minimum amount; or

(b)to proceedings taken under any Act relating to any of Her Majesty’s regular or auxiliary forces. [F8; or

(c)to any proceedings in which the court on conviction is under a duty to impose a sentence under section 205A(2) or 205B(2) of this Act.]

(4)Where, in summary proceedings, a fine is imposed in substitution for imprisonment, the fine—

(a)in the case of an offence which is triable either summarily or on indictment, shall not exceed the prescribed sum; and

(b)in the case of an offence triable only summarily, shall not exceed level 4 on the standard scale.

(5)Where the finding of caution is imposed under this section—

(a)in respect of an offence which is triable only summarily, the amount shall not exceed level 4 on the standard scale and the period shall not exceed that which the court may impose under this Act; and

(b)in any other case, the amount shall not exceed the prescribed sum and the period shall not exceed 12 months.

Textual Amendments

F8S. 199(3)(c) and the preceding word "; or" inserted (20.10.1997 for specified purposes and otherwise prosp.) by 1997 c. 48, ss. 62(1), 65(2), Sch. 1 para. 21(23); S.I. 1997/2323, art. 3, Sch. 1

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Pre-sentencing procedureS

200 Remand for inquiry into physical or mental condition.S

(1)Without prejudice to any powers exercisable by a court under section 201 of this Act, where—

(a)the court finds that an accused has committed an offence punishable with imprisonment; and

(b)it appears to the court that before the method of dealing with him is determined an inquiry ought to be made into his physical or mental condition,

subsection (2) below shall apply.

(2)Where this subsection applies the court shall—

(a)for the purpose of inquiry solely into his physical condition, remand him in custody or on bail;

(b)for the purpose of inquiry into his mental condition (whether or not in addition to his physical condition), remand him in custody or on bail or, where the court is satisfied—

(i)on the written or oral evidence of a medical practitioner, that the person appears to be suffering from a mental disorder; and

[F9(ii)that the accused could be admitted to a hospital that is suitable for his detention,]

make an order committing him to that hospital,

for such period or periods, no single period exceeding three weeks, as the court thinks necessary to enable a medical examination and report to be made.

(3)Where the court is of the opinion that a person ought to continue to be committed to hospital for the purpose of inquiry into his mental condition following the expiry of the period specified in an order for committal to hospital under paragraph (b) of subsection (2) above, the court may—

(a)if the condition in sub-paragraph (i) of that paragraph continues to be satisfied and [F10he could be admitted to a hospital that is suitable] for his continued detention, renew the order for such further period not exceeding three weeks as the court thinks necessary to enable a medical examination and report to be made; and

(b)in any other case, remand the person in custody or on bail in accordance with subsection (2) above.

(4)An order under subsection (3)(a) above may, unless objection is made by or on behalf of the person to whom it relates, be made in his absence.

(5)Where, before the expiry of the period specified in an order for committal to hospital under subsection (2)(b) above, the court considers, on an application made to it, that committal to hospital is no longer required in relation to the person, the court shall revoke the order and may make such other order, under subsection (2)(a) above or any other provision of this Part of this Act, as the court considers appropriate.

(6)Where an accused is remanded on bail under this section, it shall be a condition of the order granting bail that he shall—

(a)undergo a medical examination by a duly qualified registered medical practitioner or, where the inquiry is into his mental condition, and the order granting bail so specifies, two such practitioners; and

(b)for the purpose of such examination, attend at an institution or place, or on any such practitioner specified in the order granting bail and, where the inquiry is into his mental condition, comply with any directions which may be given to him for the said purpose by any person so specified or by a person of any class so specified,

and, if arrangements have been made for his reception, it may be a condition of the order granting bail that the person shall, for the purpose of the examination, reside in an institution or place specified as aforesaid, not being an institution or place to which he could have been remanded in custody, until the expiry of such period as may be so specified or until he is discharged therefrom, whichever first occurs.

(7)On exercising the powers conferred by this section to remand in custody or on bail the court shall—

(a)where the person is remanded in custody, send to the institution or place in which he is detained; and

(b)where the person is released on bail, send to the institution or place at which or the person by whom he is to be examined,

a statement of the reasons for which it appears to the court that an inquiry ought to be made into his physical or mental condition, and of any information before the court about his physical or mental condition.

(8)On making an order of committal to hospital under subsection (2)(b) above the court shall send to the hospital specified in the order a statement of the reasons for which the court is of the opinion that an inquiry ought to be made into the mental condition of the person to whom it relates, and of any information before the court about his mental condition.

(9)A person remanded under this section may [F11, before the expiry of the period of 24 hours beginning with his remand,] appeal [F12to the [F13appropriate Appeal Court] by note of appeal] against the refusal of bail or against the conditions imposed and a person committed to hospital under this section may [F14, at any time during the period when the order for his committal, or, as the case may be, renewal of such order, is in force,] appeal [F12to the [F13appropriate Appeal Court] by note of appeal] against the order of committal F15. . . F16. . . , and the [F13appropriate Appeal Court], either in court or in chambers, may after hearing parties—

(a)review the order and grant bail on such conditions as it thinks fit; or

(b)confirm the order; or

(c)in the case of an appeal against an order of committal to hospital, revoke the order and remand the person in custody.

[F17(9A)A note of appeal under subsection (9) above is to be—

(a)lodged with the clerk of the court from which the appeal is to be taken; and

(b)sent without delay by that clerk (where not the [F18clerk of the appropriate Appeal Court]) to the [F18clerk of the appropriate Appeal Court].]

(10)The court may, on cause shown, vary an order for committal to hospital under subsection (2)(b) above by substituting another hospital for the hospital specified in the order.

(11)Subsection (2)(b) above shall apply to the variation of an order under subsection (10) above as it applies to the making of an order for committal to hospital.

[F19(12)In this section—

  • “appropriate Appeal Court” means—

    (a)

    in the case of an appeal under subsection (9) against a decision of the High Court, that Court;

    (b)

    in the case of an appeal under subsection (9) against a decision of a sheriff (whether in solemn or summary proceedings) or a JP court, the Sheriff Appeal Court; and

  • “the clerk of the appropriate Appeal Court” means—

    (a)

    in a case where the High Court is the appropriate Appeal Court, the Clerk of Justiciary;

    (b)

    in a case where the Sheriff Appeal Court is the appropriate Appeal Court, the Clerk of that Court.]

Textual Amendments

201 Power of court to adjourn case before sentence.S

(1)Where an accused has been convicted or the court has found that he committed the offence and before he has been sentenced or otherwise dealt with, subject to subsection (3) below, the court may adjourn the case for the purpose of enabling inquiries to be made or of determining the most suitable method of dealing with his case.

(2)Where the court adjourns a case solely for the purpose mentioned in subsection (1) above, it shall remand the accused in custody or on bail or ordain him to appear at the adjourned diet.

(3)[F20Subject to section 21(9) of the Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 7),] a court shall not adjourn the hearing of a case as mentioned in subsection (1) above for any single period [F21exceeding four weeks or, on cause shown, eight weeks.]

(4)An accused who is remanded under this section may appeal [F22to the [F23appropriate Appeal Court]] against the refusal of bail or against the conditions imposed within 24 hours of his remand, by note of appeal F24. . . , and the [F23appropriate Appeal Court], either in court or in chambers, may F25. . . —

(a)review the order appealed against and either grant bail on such conditions as it thinks fit or ordain the accused to appear at the adjourned diet; or

(b)confirm the order.

[F26(5)A note of appeal under subsection (4) above is to be—

(a)lodged with the clerk of the court from which the appeal is to be taken; and

(b)sent without delay by that clerk (where not the [F27clerk of the appropriate Appeal Court]) to the [F27clerk of the appropriate Appeal Court].]

[F28(6)In this section—

  • “appropriate Appeal Court” means—

    (a)

    in the case of an appeal under subsection (4) against a decision of the High Court, that Court;

    (b)

    in the case of an appeal under subsection (4) against a decision of a sheriff (whether in solemn or summary proceedings) or a JP court, the Sheriff Appeal Court; and

  • “the clerk of the appropriate Appeal Court” means—

    (a)

    in a case where the High Court is the appropriate Appeal Court, the Clerk of Justiciary;

    (b)

    in a case where the Sheriff Appeal Court is the appropriate Appeal Court, the Clerk of that Court.]

Textual Amendments

F21Words in s. 201(3) substituted (27.6.2003) by Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 7), ss. 67, 89; S.S.I. 2003/288, art. 2, Sch.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

202 Deferred sentence.S

(1)It shall be competent for a court to defer sentence after conviction for a period and on such conditions as the court may determine.

(2)If it appears to the court which deferred sentence on an accused under subsection (1) above that he has been convicted during the period of deferment, by a court in any part of [F29the United Kingdom or in another member State of the European Union] of an offence committed during that period and has been dealt with for that offence, the court which deferred sentence may—

(a)issue a warrant for the arrest of the accused; or

(b)instead of issuing such a warrant in the first instance, issue a citation requiring him to appear before it at such time as may be specified in the citation,

and on his appearance or on his being brought before the court it may deal with him in any manner in which it would be competent for it to deal with him on the expiry of the period of deferment.

(3)Where a court which has deferred sentence on an accused under subsection (1) above convicts him of another offence during the period of deferment, it may deal with him for the original offence in any manner in which it would be competent for it to deal with him on the expiry of the period of deferment, as well as for the offence committed during the said period.

Textual Amendments

F29Words in s. 202(2) substituted (13.12.2010 for all purposes in respect of offences committed on or after this date) by Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp 13), ss. 71(1), 206(1), Sch. 4 para. 4; S.S.I. 2010/413, art. 2, Sch.

203 Reports.S

(1)Where a person specified in section 27(1)(b)(i) to (vi) of the M1Social Work (Scotland) Act 1968 commits an offence, the court shall not dispose of the case without obtaining from the local authority in whose area the person resides a report as to—

(a)the circumstances of the offence; and

(b)the character of the offender, including his behaviour while under the supervision, or as the case may be subject to the order, so specified in relation to him.

[F30(1A)However, if there is available to the court a report from a local authority—

(a)of the kind described in subsection (1)(b) above; and

(b)which was prepared in relation to the person not more than 3 months before the person was convicted of the offence,

the court need not obtain another report of that kind before disposing of the case unless it considers, following representations made by or on behalf of the person as to the person's circumstances, that it is appropriate to obtain another report.

(1B)Nothing in subsection (1) or (1A) above requires the court to obtain a report if the court is satisfied, having regard to its likely method of dealing with the case before it for disposal, that the report would not be of any material assistance.]

(2)In subsection (1) above, “the court” does not include a [F31JP court] .

(3)Where, in any case, a report by an officer of a local authority is made to the court with a view to assisting the court in determining the most suitable method of dealing with any person in respect of an offence, a copy of the report shall be given by the clerk of the court to

[F32(a)the offender,

(b)the offender's solicitor (if any), and

(c)the prosecutor.]

Textual Amendments

F31Words in s. 203(2) substituted (10.3.2008, 2.6.2008, 8.12.2008, 23.2.2009 and 14.12.2009 for certain purposes, otherwise 22.2.2010) by Criminal Proceedings etc. (Reform) (Scotland) Act 2007 (asp 6), ss. 80, 84, Sch. para. 26(i); S.S.I. 2008/42, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2008/192, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2008/329, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2008/362, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2009/432, art. 3, Schs. 1, 2

Marginal Citations

[F33203AReports about organisationsS

(1)This section applies where an organisation is convicted of an offence.

(2)Before dealing with the organisation in respect of the offence, the court may obtain a report into the organisation's financial affairs and structural arrangements.

(3)The report is to be prepared by a person appointed by the court.

(4)The person appointed to prepare the report is referred to in this section as the “reporter”.

(5)The court may issue directions to the reporter about—

(a)the information to be contained in the report,

(b)the particular matters to be covered by the report,

(c)the time by which the report is to be submitted to the court.

(6)The court may order the organisation to give the reporter and any person acting on the reporter's behalf—

(a)access at all reasonable times to the organisation's books, documents and other records,

(b)such information or explanation as the reporter thinks necessary.

(7)The reporter's costs in preparing the report are to be paid by the clerk of court, but the court may order the organisation to reimburse to the clerk all or a part of those costs.

(8)An order under subsection (7) may be enforced by civil diligence as if it were a fine.

(9)On submission of the report to the court, the clerk of court must provide a copy of the report to—

(a)the organisation,

(b)the organisation's solicitor (if any), and

(c)the prosecutor.

(10)The court must have regard to the report in deciding how to deal with the organisation in respect of the offence.

(11)If the court decides to impose a fine, the court must, in determining the amount of the fine, have regard to—

(a)the report, and

(b)if the court makes an order under subsection (7), the amount of costs that the organisation is required to reimburse under the order.

(12)Where the court—

(a)makes an order under subsection (7), and

(b)imposes a fine on the organisation,

any payment by the organisation is first to be applied in satisfaction of the order under subsection (7).

(13)Where the court also makes a compensation order in respect of the offence, any payment by the organisation is first to be applied in satisfaction of the compensation order before being applied in accordance with subsection (12).]

Imprisonment, etc.E+W+S

204 Restrictions on passing sentence of imprisonment or detention.S

(1)A court shall not pass a sentence of imprisonment or of detention in respect of any offence, nor impose imprisonment, or detention, under section 214(2) of this Act in respect of failure to pay a fine, on an accused who is not legally represented in that court and has not been previously sentenced to imprisonment or detention by a court in any part of the United Kingdom [F34or in another member State of the European Union], unless the accused either—

(a)applied for legal aid and the application was refused on the ground that he was not financially eligible; or

(b)having been informed of his right to apply for legal aid, and having had the opportunity, failed to do so.

(2)A court shall not pass a sentence of imprisonment on a person of or over twenty-one years of age who has not been previously sentenced to imprisonment or detention by a court in any part of the United Kingdom [F34or in another member State of the European Union] unless the court considers that no other method of dealing with him is appropriate; F35. . ..

[F36(2A)For the purpose of determining under subsection (2) above whether any other method of dealing with such a person is appropriate, the court [F37, unless it has made a risk assessment order in respect of the person,] shall take into account—

(a)such information as it has been able to obtain from an officer of a local authority or otherwise about his circumstances;

(b)any information before it concerning his character and mental and physical condition;

(c)its power to make a hospital direction in addition to imposing a sentence of imprisonment.]

(3)Where a court of summary jurisdiction passes a sentence of imprisonment on any such person as is mentioned in subsection (2) above, the court shall state the reason for its opinion that no other method of dealing with him is appropriate, and shall have that reason entered in the record of the proceedings.

[F38(3A)A court must not pass a sentence of imprisonment for a term of 3 months or less on a person unless the court considers that no other method of dealing with the person is appropriate.

(3B)Where a court passes such a sentence, the court must—

(a)state its reasons for the opinion that no other method of dealing with the person is appropriate, and

(b)have those reasons entered in the record of the proceedings.

(3C)The Scottish Ministers may by order made by statutory instrument substitute for the number of months for the time being specified in subsection (3A) another number of months.

(3D)An order under subsection (3C) is not to be made unless a draft of the statutory instrument containing the order has been laid before and approved by resolution of the Scottish Parliament.]

(4)The court shall, for the purpose of determining whether a person has been previously sentenced to imprisonment or detention by a court in any part of the United Kingdom—

(a)disregard a previous sentence of imprisonment which, having been suspended, has not taken effect under section 23 of the M2Powers of Criminal Courts Act 1973 or under section 19 of the M3Treatment of Offenders Act (Northern Ireland) 1968;

(b)construe detention as meaning —

(i)in relation to Scotland, detention in a young offenders institution or detention centre;

(ii)in relation to England and Wales a sentence of youth custody, borstal training or detention in a young offender institution or detention centre; and

(iii)in relation to Northern Ireland, detention in a young offenders centre.

[F39(4A)The court shall, for the purpose of determining whether a person has been previously sentenced to imprisonment or detention by a court in a member State of the European Union other than the United Kingdom—

(a)disregard any previous sentence of imprisonment which, being the equivalent of a suspended sentence, has not taken effect;

(b)construe detention as meaning an equivalent sentence to any of those mentioned in subsection (4)(b).

(4B)Any issue of equivalence arising in pursuance of subsection (4A) is for the court to determine.]

(5)This section does not affect the power of a court to pass sentence on any person for an offence the sentence for which is fixed by law.

(6)In this section—

  • legal aid” means legal aid for the purposes of any part of the proceedings before the court;

  • legally represented” means represented by counsel or a solicitor at some stage after the accused is found guilty and before he is dealt with as referred to in subsection (1) above.

Textual Amendments

F34Words in s. 204(1)(2) inserted (13.12.2010 for all purposes in respect of offences committed on or after this date) by Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp 13), ss. 71(1), 206(1), Sch. 4 para. 5(a); S.S.I. 2010/413, art. 2, Sch.

F35Words in s. 204(2) repealed (1.8.1997) by 1997 c. 48, s. 62(2), Sch. 3; S.I. 1997/1712, art. 3, Sch. (subject to arts. 4, 5) and expressed to be repealed (1.1.1998) by 1997 c. 48, s. 6(3)(a); S.I. 1997/2323, art. 4, Sch. 2 (subject to art. 7)

F36S. 204(2A) inserted (1.1.1998) by 1997 c. 48, s. 6(3)(b); S.I. 1997/2323, art. 4, Sch. 2 (subject to art. 7)

F37Words in s. 204(2A) inserted (19.6.2006 for certain purposes and otherwise prosp.) by Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 7), ss. 1(2), 89, Sch. 1 para. 2(6); S.S.I. 2006/332, art. 2

F38S. 204(3A)-(3D) inserted (1.2.2011for all purposes in respect of offences committed on or after this date) by Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp 13), ss. 17, 206(1); S.S.I. 2010/413, art. 2, Sch.

F39S. 204(4A)(4B) inserted (13.12.2010 for all purposes in respect of offences committed on or after this date) by Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp 13), ss. 71(1), 206(1), Sch. 4 para. 5(b); S.S.I. 2010/413, art. 2, Sch.

Marginal Citations

M31968 c.29. (N.I.)

[F40204A Restriction on consecutive sentences for released prisoners.S

A court sentencing a person to imprisonment or other detention shall not order or direct that the term of imprisonment or detention shall commence on the expiration of any other such sentence from which he has been released at any time under the existing or new provisions within the meaning of Schedule 6 to the M4Prisoners and Criminal Proceedings (Scotland) Act 1993.]

Textual Amendments

F40S. 204A inserted (30.9.1998) by 1998 c. 37, s. 112; S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1)(x)

Marginal Citations

[F41204BConsecutive sentences: life prisoners etc.S

(1)This section applies in respect of sentencing for offences committed after the coming into force of this section.

(2)Where, in solemn proceedings, the court sentences a person to imprisonment or other detention, the court may—

(a)if the person is serving or is liable to serve the punishment part of a previous sentence, frame the sentence to take effect on the day after that part of that sentence is or would be due to expire; or

(b)if the person is serving or is liable to serve the punishment parts of two or more previous sentences, frame the sentence to take effect on the day after the later or (as the case may be) latest expiring of those parts is or would be due to expire.

(3)Where, in such proceedings, it falls to the court to sentence a person who is subject to a previous sentence in respect of which a punishment part requires to be (but has not been) specified, the court shall not sentence the person until such time as the part is either specified or no longer requires to be specified.

(4)Where the court sentences a person to a sentence of imprisonment or other detention for life, for an indeterminate period or without limit of time, the court may, if the person is serving or is liable to serve for any offence—

(a)a previous sentence of imprisonment or other detention the term of which is not treated as part of a single term under section 27(5) of the 1993 Act; or

(b)two or more previous sentences of imprisonment or other detention the terms of which are treated as a single term under that section of that Act,

frame the sentence to take effect on the day after the person would (but for the sentence so framed and disregarding any subsequent sentence) be entitled to be released under the provisions referred to in section 204A of this Act as respects the sentence or sentences.

(5)Subsection (4)(a) above shall not apply where the sentence is a sentence from which he has been released at any time under the provisions referred to in section 204A of this Act.

(6)In this section, any reference to a punishment part of a sentence shall be construed by reference to—

(a)the punishment part of the sentence as is specified in an order mentioned in section 2(2) of the 1993 Act; or

(b)any part of the sentence which has effect, by virtue of section 10 of the 1993 Act or the schedule to the Convention Rights (Compliance)(Scotland) Act 2001 (asp 7), as if it were the punishment part so specified,

and “ the 1993 Act ” means the Prisoners and Criminal Proceedings (Scotland) Act 1993 (c. 9).

(7)This section is without prejudice to any other power under any enactment or rule of law as respects sentencing.]

Textual Amendments

205 Punishment for murder.S

(1)Subject to subsections (2) and (3) [F42and section 205D]below, a person convicted of murder shall be sentenced to imprisonment for life.

(2)Where a person convicted of murder is under the age of 18 years he shall not be sentenced to imprisonment for life but to be detained without limit of time and shall be liable to be detained in such place, and under such conditions, as the Secretary of State may direct.

(3)Where a person convicted of murder has attained the age of 18 years but is under the age of 21 years he shall not be sentenced to imprisonment for life but to be detained in a young offenders institution and shall be liable to be detained for life.

F43(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F43(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F43(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F42Words in s. 205(1) inserted (17.12.2001) by 2001 asp 7, s. 2(1)(a); S.S.I. 2001/456, art. 2

F43S. 205(4)-(6) repealed (17.12.2001) by 2001 asp 7, s. 2(1)(b); S.S.I. 2001/456 art. 2

[F44205B Minimum sentence for third conviction of certain offences relating to drug trafficking.S

(1)This section applies where—

(a)a person is convicted on indictment in the High Court of a class A drug trafficking offence committed after the commencement of section 2 of the Crime and Punishment (Scotland) Act 1997;

(b)at the time when that offence was committed, he had attained the age of at least 18 years and had [F45two previous convictions for relevant offences], irrespective of—

(i)whether either of those offences was committed before or after the commencement of section 2 of the Crime and Punishment (Scotland) Act 1997;

(ii)the court in which any such conviction was obtained; and

(iii)his age at the time of the commission of either of those offences; and

(c)one of the offences mentioned in paragraph (b) above was committed after he had been convicted of the other.

[F46(1A) In subsection (1), “ relevant offence ” means—

(a)in relation to a conviction by a court in any part of the United Kingdom, a class A drug trafficking offence;

(b)in relation to a conviction by a court in a member State of the European Union other than the United Kingdom, an offence that is equivalent to a class A drug trafficking offence.

(1B)Any issue of equivalence arising in pursuance of subsection (1A)(b) is for the court to determine.]

(2)Subject to subsection (3) below, where this section applies the court shall sentence the person—

(a)where he has attained the age of 21 years, to a term of imprisonment of at least seven years; and

(b)where he has attained the age of 18 years but is under the age of 21 years, to detention in a young offenders institution for a period of at least seven years.

(3)The court shall not impose the sentence otherwise required by subsection (2) above where it is of the opinion that there are specific circumstances which—

(a)relate to any of the offences or to the offender; and

(b)would make that sentence unjust.

(4)For the purposes of section 106(2) of this Act a sentence passed under subsection (2) above in respect of a conviction for a class A drug trafficking offence shall not be regarded as a sentence fixed by law for that offence.

(5) In this section “ class A drug trafficking offence ” means a drug trafficking offence committed in respect of a class A drug; and for this purpose—

  • class A drug ” has the same meaning as in the M5 Misuse of Drugs Act 1971;

  • [F47drug trafficking offence ” means an offence specified in paragraph 2 or (so far as it relates to that paragraph) paragraph 10 of Schedule 4 to the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002; ]]

Textual Amendments

F44S. 205B inserted (20.10.1997) by 1997 c. 48, s. 2(1); S.I. 1997/2323, art. 3, Sch. 1

F45Words in s. 205B(1)(b) substituted (13.12.2010 for all purposes in respect of offences committed on or after this date) by Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp 13), ss. 71(1), 206(1), Sch. 4 para. 6(a); S.S.I. 2010/413, art. 2, Sch.

F46S. 205B(1A)(1B) inserted (13.12.2010 for all purposes in respect of offences committed on or after this date) by Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp 13), ss. 71(1), 206(1), Sch. 4 para. 6(b); S.S.I. 2010/413, art. 2, Sch.

F47In s. 205B(5) definition of "drug trafficking offence" substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), ss. 456, 458, Sch. 11 para. 29(3); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2, Sch. (subject to arts. 3-7)

Marginal Citations

[F48205C Meaning of “conviction” for purposes of sections 205A and 205B.S

(1) For the purposes of paragraph (b) of subsection (1) of each of sections 205A and 205B of this Act “ conviction ” includes—

(a)a finding of guilt in respect of which the offender was admonished under section 181 of the M6Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1975 (admonition); and

(b)a conviction for which an order is made placing the offender on probation,

and related expressions shall be construed accordingly.

(2)This subsection applies where a person has at any time been convicted of an offence under—

(a)section 70 of the M7Army Act 1955;

(b)section 70 of the M8Air Force Act 1955; or

(c)section 42 of the M9Naval Discipline Act 1957.

(3)Where subsection (2) above applies and the corresponding civil offence (within the meaning of the Act under which the offence was committed) was—

(a)a relevant offence within the meaning of section 205A of this Act; or

(b)a Class A drug trafficking offence within the meaning of section 205B of this Act,

that section shall have effect as if he had been convicted in England and Wales of the corresponding civil offence.]

Textual Amendments

F48S. 205C inserted (20.10.1997 for specified purposes and otherwise prosp.) by 1997 c. 48, ss. 3, 65(2); S.I. 1997/2323, art. 3, Sch. 1

Marginal Citations

[F49205D Only one sentence of imprisonment for life to be imposed in any proceedingsS

Where a person is convicted on the same indictment of more than one offence for which the court must impose or would, apart from this section, have imposed a sentence of imprisonment for life, only one such sentence shall be imposed in respect of those offences.]

Textual Amendments

F49S. 205D inserted (8.10.2001) by 2001 asp 7, s. 2(2); S.S.I. 2001/274, art. 3(3)

206 Minimum periods of imprisonment.S

(1)No person shall be sentenced to imprisonment by a court of summary jurisdiction for a period of less than [F5015] days.

(2)F51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3)F51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)F51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)F51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(6)F51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F50Word in s. 206(1) substituted (13.12.2010 for all purposes in respect of offences committed on or after this date) by Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp 13), ss. 16(3)(a), 206(1); S.S.I. 2010/413, art. 2, Sch.

F51S. 206(2)-(6) repealed (13.12.2010 for all purposes in respect of offences committed on or after this date) by Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp 13), ss. 16(3)(b), 206(1); S.S.I. 2010/413, art. 2, Sch.

207 Detention of young offenders.S

(1)It shall not be competent to impose imprisonment on a person under 21 years of age.

(2)Subject to [F52sections 205(2) and (3), 205A(2)(b) and 205B(2)(b)] of this Act and to subsections (3) and (4) below, a court may impose detention (whether by way of sentence or otherwise) on a person, who is not less than 16 but under 21 years of age, where but for subsection (1) above the court would have power to impose a period of imprisonment; and a period of detention imposed under this section on any person shall not [F53be less than the minimum nor more than]the maximum period of imprisonment which might otherwise have been imposed.

(3)The court shall not under subsection (2) above impose detention on an offender unless it is of the opinion that no other method of dealing with him is appropriate; and the court shall state its reasons for that opinion, and, except in the case of the High Court, those reasons shall be entered in the record of proceedings.

[F54(3A)Subsections (2) and (3) above are subject to—

(a)section 51A(2) of the Firearms Act 1968 (minimum sentences for certain firearms offences); and

(b)section 29(8) of the Violent Crime Reduction Act 2006 (minimum sentence of detention for certain offences relating to dangerous weapons).]

(4)To enable the court to form an opinion under subsection (3) above, it shall obtain from an officer of a local authority or otherwise such information as it can about the offender’s circumstances; and it shall also take into account any information before it concerning the offender’s character and physical and mental condition.

[F55(4A)In forming an opinion under subsection (3) above the court shall take into account its power to make a hospital direction in addition to imposing a period of detention.]

[F56(4B)Subsections (4) and (4A) above apply to the forming of an opinion under the enactments mentioned in subsection (3A) above as they apply to the forming of an opinion under subsection (3) above.]

(5)A sentence of detention imposed under this section shall be a sentence of detention in a young offenders institution.

Textual Amendments

F52Words in s. 207(2) substituted (20.10.1997 for specified purposes and otherwise prosp.) by 1997 c. 48, ss. 62(1), 65(2), Sch. 1 para. 21(25)(a); S.I. 1997/2323, art. 3, Sch. 1

F53Words in s. 207(2) substituted (20.10.1997 for specified purposes and otherwise prosp.) by 1997 c. 48, ss. 62(1), 65(2), Sch. 1 para. 21(25)(b); S.I. 1997/2323, art. 3, Sch. 1

F55S. 207(4A) inserted (1.1.1998) by 1997 c. 48, s. 6(4); S.I. 1997/2323, art. 4, Sch. 2 (subject to art. 7)

208 Detention of children convicted on indictment.S

[F57(1)]Subject to section 205 of this Act [F58and subsection (3) below] , where a child is convicted on indictment and the court is of the opinion that no other method of dealing with him is appropriate, it may sentence him to be detained for a period which it shall specify in the sentence; and the child shall during that period be liable to be detained in such place and on such conditions as the Secretary of State may direct.

[F59(1A)Where the court imposes a sentence of detention on a child, the court must—

(a)state its reasons for the opinion that no other method of dealing with the child is appropriate, and

(b)have those reasons entered in the record of the proceedings.]

[F60(2)[F61Subsections (1) and (1A) above are] subject to—

(a)section 51A(2) of the Firearms Act 1968 (minimum sentences for certain firearms offences); and

(b)section 29(9) of the Violent Crime Reduction Act 2006 (minimum sentence of detention for certain offences relating to dangerous weapons).]

[F62(3)If the child is under the age of 16 years, the power conferred by subsection (1) above shall not be exercisable in respect of a conviction for an offence under section 9(1) of the Antisocial Behaviour etc. (Scotland) Act 2004 (asp 8) or that section as applied by section 234AA(11) of this Act.]

Textual Amendments

F57S. 208 renumbered (22.1.2004) as s. 208(1) by Criminal Justice Act 2003 (c. 44), ss. 290(3), 336; S.I. 2004/81, art. 3

F59S. 208(1A) inserted (1.2.2011 for all purposes in respect of offences committed on or after this date) by Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp 13), ss. 21(2), 206(1); S.S.I. 2010/413, art. 2, Sch.

F61Words in s. 208(2) substituted (1.2.2011 for all purposes in respect of offences committed on or after this date) by Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp 13), ss. 21(3), 206(1); S.S.I. 2010/413, art. 2, Sch.

209 Supervised release orders.E+W+S

(1)Where a person is convicted [F63on indictment]of an offence [F63, other than a sexual offence within the meaning of section 210A of this Act,]and is sentenced to imprisonment for a term of F64. . . less than four years, the court on passing sentence may, if it considers that it is necessary to do so to protect the public from serious harm from the offender on his release, make such order as is mentioned in subsection (3) below.

(2)A court shall, before making an order under subsection (1) above, consider a report by a relevant officer of a local authority about the offender and his circumstances and, if the court thinks it necessary, hear that officer.

(3)The order referred to in subsection (1) above (to be known as a “supervised release order”) is that the person, during a relevant period—

(a)be under the supervision F65. . . of a relevant officer of a local authority or of [F66an officer of a local probation board] appointed for or assigned to a petty sessions area [F67or (as the case may be) an officer of a provider of probation services acting in a local justice area](such local authority or the justices for such area to be designated under section 14(4) or 15(1) of the M10Prisoners and Criminal Proceedings (Scotland) Act 1993);

(b)comply with;

(i)such requirements as may be imposed by the court in the order; and

(ii)such requirements as that officer may reasonably specify,

for the purpose of securing the good conduct of the person or preventing, or lessening the possibility of, his committing a further offence (whether or not an offence of the kind for which he was sentenced); and

(c)comply with the standard requirements imposed by virtue of subsection (4)(a)(i) below.

(4)A supervised release order—

(a)shall—

(i)without prejudice to subsection (3)(b) above, contain such requirements (in this section referred to as the “standard requirements”); and

(ii)be as nearly as possible in such form,

as may be prescribed by Act of Adjournal;

(b)for the purposes of any appeal or review constitutes part of the sentence of the person in respect of whom the order is made; and

(c)shall have no effect during any period in which the person is subject to a licence under Part I of the said Act of 1993.

(5)Before making a supervised release order as respects a person the court shall explain to him, in as straightforward a way as is practicable, the effect of the order and the possible consequences for him of any breach of it.

(6)The clerk of the court by which a supervised release order is made in respect of a person shall—

(a)forthwith send a copy of the order to the person and to the Secretary of State; and

(b)within seven days after the date on which the order is made, send to the Secretary of State such documents and information relating to the case and to the person as are likely to be of assistance to a supervising officer.

(7)In this section—

  • relevant officer” has the same meaning as in Part I of the M11Prisoners and Criminal Proceedings (Scotland) Act 1993;

  • relevant period” means such period as may be specified in the supervised release order, being a period—

    (a)

    not exceeding twelve months after the date of the person’s release; and

    (b)

    no part of which is later than the date by which the entire term of imprisonment specified in his sentence has elapsed; and

  • supervising officer” means, where an authority has or justices have been designated as is mentioned in subsection (3)(a) above for the purposes of the order, any relevant officer or, as the case may be, [F68officer of a local probation board][F69or officer of a provider of probation services] who is for the time being supervising for those purposes the person released.

[F70(7A)Where a person—

(a)is serving a sentence of imprisonment and on his release from that sentence will be subject to a supervised release order; and

(b)is sentenced to a further term of imprisonment, whether that term is to run consecutively or concurrently with the sentence mentioned in paragraph (a) above,

the relevant period for any supervised release order made in relation to him shall begin on the date when he is released from those terms of imprisonment; and where there is more than one such order he shall on his release be subject to whichever of them is for the longer or, as the case may be, the longest period.]

(8)This section applies to a person sentenced under section 207 of this Act as it applies to a person sentenced to a period of imprisonment.

Extent Information

E1S. 209(3)and(7) extend to G.B., see s. 309(4)

Textual Amendments

F63Words in s. 209(1) inserted (30.9.1998) by 1998 c. 37, s. 86(2)(a)(b); S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1)(s) (subject to arts. 5-8)

F64Words in s. 209(1) repealed (30.9.1998) by 1998 c. 37, ss. 86(2)(c), 120(2), Sch. 10; S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1)(s)(aa)(3)(w) (subject to arts. 5-8)

F66Words in s. 209(3)(a) substituted (1.4.2001) by 2000 c. 43, s. 74, Sch. 7 para. 4(1)(a)(2); S.I. 2001/919, art. 2(f)(ii)

F68Words in s. 209(7) substituted (1.4.2001) by 2000 c. 43, s. 74, Sch. 7 para. 121; S.I. 2001/919, art. 2(f)(ii)

F70S. 209(7A) inserted (1.4.1999) by 1997 c. 48, s. 62(1), Sch. 1 para. 21(26)S.I. 1999/652, art. 2, Sch. (subject to savings and transitional provisions in art. 3)

Marginal Citations

210 Consideration of time spent in custody.S

(1)A court, in passing a sentence of imprisonment or detention on a person for an offence, shall—

(a)in determining the period of imprisonment or detention, have regard to any period of time spent in custody by the person on remand awaiting trial or sentence, or spent in custody awaiting extradition to the United Kingdom [F71otherwise than from a category 1 territory] [F72, or spent in hospital awaiting trial or sentence by virtue [F73of an assessment order, a treatment order or an interim compulsion order or by virtue] of an order made under section F74. . . 200 of this Act];

(b)specify the date of commencement of the sentence; and

(c)if the person—

(i)has spent a period of time in custody on remand awaiting trial or sentence; or

(ii)is an extradited prisoner [F75who was extradited to the United Kingdom otherwise than from a category 1 territory], [F76; or

(iii)has spent a period of time in hospital awaiting trial or sentence by virtue [F77of an assessment order, a treatment order or an interim compulsion order or by virtue] of an order made under section F74. . . 200 of this Act,]

and the date specified under paragraph (b) above is not earlier than the date on which sentence was passed, state its reasons for not specifying an earlier date [F78so however that a period of time spent both in custody on remand and, by virtue of section 47(1) of the Crime (International Co-operation) Act 2003 [F79or regulation 20 or 54 of the Criminal Justice (European Investigation Order) Regulations 2017], abroad is not for any reason to be discounted in a determination under paragraph (a) above or specification under paragraph (b) above].

[F80(1A)Subsection (1B) applies where—

(a)a court is passing a sentence of imprisonment or detention on a person for an offence, and

(b)the person is an extradited prisoner who was extradited to the United Kingdom from a category 1 territory.

(1B)The court shall specify—

(a)the period of time spent in custody awaiting extradition, and

(b)the date of commencement of the sentence in accordance with subsection (1C).

(1C)The date of commencement of the sentence is to be a date the relevant number of days earlier than the date the sentence would have commenced had the person not spent time in custody awaiting extradition.

(1D)In subsection (1C), “the relevant number of days” means the number of days in the period specified under subsection (1B)(a).]

(2)A prisoner is an extradited prisoner for the purposes of this section if—

(a)he was tried for the offence in respect of which his sentence of imprisonment was imposed—

(i)after having been extradited to the United Kingdom; and

(ii)without having first been restored to the state from which he was extradited or having had an opportunity of leaving the United Kingdom; and

(b)he was for any period in custody while awaiting such extradition.

[F81(2A)In this section, “category 1 territory” means a territory designated under the Extradition Act 2003 for the purposes of Part 1 of that Act.]

F82(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F72Words in s. 210(1) inserted (1.8.1997) by 1997 c. 48, s. 12(a); S.I. 1997/1712, art. 3, Sch. (subject to arts. 4, 5)

F73Words in s. 210(1)(a) inserted (5.10.2005) by Mental Health (Care and Treatment) (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 13), ss. 331(1),333(2)-(4), {Sch. 4 para. 8(14)(a)}; S.S.I. 2005/161, art. 3

F76S. 210(1)(c)(iii) and the preceding word ";or" inserted (1.8.1997) by 1997 c. 48, s. 12(b); S.I. 1997/1712, art. 3, Sch. (subject to arts. 4, 5)

[F83210A Extended sentences for [F84sex, violent and terrorist offenders].S

(1)Where a person is convicted on indictment of a sexual [F85, violent or terrorism] offence, the court may, if it—

(a)intends, in relation to—

(i)a sexual offence, to pass a determinate sentence of imprisonment; or

(ii)a violent [F86or terrorism] offence, to pass such a sentence for a term of four years or more; and

(b)considers that the period (if any) for which the offender would, apart from this section, be subject to a licence would not be adequate for the purpose of protecting the public from serious harm from the offender,

pass an extended sentence on the offender.

(2)An extended sentence is a sentence of imprisonment which is the aggregate of—

(a) the term of imprisonment (“ the custodial term ”) which the court would have passed on the offender otherwise than by virtue of this section; and

(b) a further period (“ the extension period ”) for which the offender is to be subject to a licence and which is, subject to the provisions of this section, of such length as the court considers necessary for the purpose mentioned in subsection (1)(b) above.

(3)The extension period shall not exceed, in the case of—

(a)a sexual offence, ten years; F87...

(b)a violent offence, [F88ten] years[F89, and

(c)a terrorism offence, ten years.]

(4)A court shall, before passing an extended sentence, consider a report by a relevant officer of a local authority about the offender and his circumstances and, if the court thinks it necessary, hear that officer.

(5)The term of an extended sentence passed for a statutory offence shall not exceed the maximum term of imprisonment provided for in the statute in respect of that offence.

(6)Subject to subsection (5) above, a sheriff may pass an extended sentence which is the aggregate of a custodial term not exceeding the maximum term of imprisonment which he may impose and an extension period not exceeding [F90five years].

(7)The Secretary of State may by order—

(a)amend paragraph (b) of subsection (3) above by substituting a different period, not exceeding ten years, for the period for the time being specified in that paragraph; and

(b)make such transitional provision as appears to him to be necessary or expedient in connection with the amendment.

(8)The power to make an order under subsection (7) above shall be exercisable by statutory instrument; but no such order shall be made unless a draft of the order has been laid before, and approved by a resolution of, each House of Parliament.

(9)An extended sentence shall not be imposed where the sexual or violent offence was committed before the commencement of section 86 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998.

(10)For the purposes of this section—

  • licence ” and “ relevant officer ” have the same meaning as in Part I of the M12 Prisoners and Criminal Proceedings (Scotland) Act 1993;

  • sexual offence ” means—

    (i)

    rape [F91at common law];

    (ii)

    clandestine injury to women;

    (iii)

    abduction of a woman or girl with intent to rape or ravish;

    (iiia)

    [F92abduction with intent to commit the statutory offence of rape;]

    (iv)

    assault with intent to rape or ravish;

    (iva)

    [F93assault with intent to commit the statutory offence of rape;]

    (v)

    indecent assault;

    (vi)

    lewd, indecent or libidinous behaviour or practices;

    (vii)

    F94. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    (viii)

    sodomy;

    (ix)

    an offence under section 170 of the M13Customs and Excise Management Act 1979 in relation to goods prohibited to be imported under section 42 of the M14Customs Consolidation Act 1876, but only where the prohibited goods include indecent photographs of persons;

    (x)

    an offence under section 52 of the M15Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982 (taking and distribution of indecent images of children);

    (xi)

    an offence under section 52A of that Act (possession of indecent images of children);

    (xii)

    an offence under section 1 of the M16Criminal Law (Consolidation) (Scotland) Act 1995 (incest);

    (xiii)

    an offence under section 2 of that Act (intercourse with a stepchild);

    (xiv)

    an offence under section 3 of that Act (intercourse with child under 16 by person in position of trust);

    (xv)

    an offence under section 5 of that Act (unlawful intercourse with girl under 16);

    (xvi)

    an offence under section 6 of that Act (indecent behaviour towards girl between 12 and 16);

    (xvii)

    an offence under section 8 of that Act (abduction of girl under 18 for purposes of unlawful intercourse);

    (xviii)

    an offence under section 10 of that Act (person having parental responsibilities causing or encouraging sexual activity in relation to a girl under 16); F95. . .

    (xix)

    an offence under subsection (5) of section 13 of that Act (homosexual offences); F96[F97. . .

    (xx)

    an offence under section 3 of the Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act 2000 (abuse of position of trust)]F98[F99. . .

    (xxi)

    an offence under section 311(1) of the Mental Health (Care and Treatment)(Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 13)(non-consensual sexual acts).]

    (xxii)

    [F100an offence under section 1 of the Protection of Children and Prevention of Sexual Offences (Scotland) Act 2005 (asp 9) (meeting a child following certain preliminary conduct);

    (xxiii)

    an offence under section 9 of that Act (paying for sexual services of a child);

    (xxiv)

    an offence under section 10 of that Act (causing or inciting provision by child of sexual services or child pornography);

    (xxv)

    an offence under section 11 of that Act (controlling a child providing sexual services or involved in pornography);

    (xxvi)

    an offence under section 12 of that Act (arranging or facilitating provision by child of sexual services or child pornography).][F101 and

    (xxvii)

    an offence which consists of a contravention of any of the following provisions of the Sexual Offences (Scotland) Act 2009 (asp 9)—

    (A)

    section 1 (rape),

    (B)

    section 2 (sexual assault by penetration),

    (C)

    section 3 (sexual assault),

    (D)

    section 4 (sexual coercion),

    (E)

    section 5 (coercing a person into being present during a sexual activity),

    (F)

    section 6 (coercing a person into looking at a sexual image),

    (G)

    section 7(1) (communicating indecently),

    (H)

    section 7(2) (causing a person to see or hear an indecent communication),

    (I)

    section 8 (sexual exposure),

    (J)

    section 9 (voyeurism),

    (K)

    section 11 (administering a substance for sexual purposes),

    (L)

    section 18 (rape of a young child),

    (M)

    section 19 (sexual assault on a young child by penetration),

    (N)

    section 20 (sexual assault on a young child),

    (O)

    section 21 (causing a young child to participate in a sexual activity),

    (P)

    section 22 (causing a young child to be present during a sexual activity)

    (Q)

    section 23 (causing a young child to look at a sexual image),

    (R)

    section 24(1) (communicating indecently with a young child),

    (S)

    section 24(2) (causing a young child to see or hear an indecent communication),

    (T)

    section 25 (sexual exposure to a young child),

    (U)

    section 26 (voyeurism towards a young child),

    (V)

    section 28 (having intercourse with an older child),

    (W)

    section 29 (engaging in penetrative sexual activity with or towards an older child),

    (X)

    section 30 (engaging in sexual activity with or towards an older child),

    (Y)

    section 31 (causing an older child to participate in a sexual activity),

    (Z)

    section 32 (causing an older child to be present during a sexual activity),

    (ZA)

    section 33 (causing an older child to look at a sexual image),

    (ZB)

    section 34(1) (communicating indecently with an older child),

    (ZC)

    section 34(2) (causing an older child to see or hear an indecent communication),

    (ZD)

    section 35 (sexual exposure to an older child),

    (ZE)

    section 36 (voyeurism towards an older child),

    (ZF)

    section 37(1) (engaging while an older child in sexual conduct with or towards another older child),

    (ZG)

    section 37(4) (engaging while an older child in consensual sexual conduct with another older child),

    (ZH)

    section 42 (sexual abuse of trust),

    (ZI)

    section 46 (sexual abuse of trust of a mentally disordered person);

    (xxviii)

    [F102an offence (other than one mentioned in the preceding paragraphs) where the court determines for the purposes of this paragraph that there was a significant sexual aspect to the offender's behaviour in committing the offence;]]

  • imprisonment ” includes—

    (i)

    detention under section 207 of this Act; and

    (ii)

    detention under section 208 of this Act; F103...

  • [F104terrorism offence” means—

    (a)

    an offence under any of the following provisions of the Terrorism Act 2000—

    (i)

    section 11 (membership of a proscribed organisation),

    (ii)

    section 12 (inviting support for a proscribed organisation),

    (iii)

    section 54 (weapons training),

    (iv)

    section 56 (directing a terrorist organisation),

    (v)

    section 57 (possession of article for terrorist purposes),

    (vi)

    section 58 (collection of information likely to be of use to a terrorist),

    (vii)

    section 58A (publishing information about members of the armed forces etc),

    (viii)

    section 58B (entering or remaining in a designated area), or

    (ix)

    section 59 (inciting terrorism overseas),

    (b)

    an offence under any of the following provisions of the Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001—

    (i)

    section 47 (use etc of nuclear weapons),

    (ii)

    section 50 (assisting or inducing certain weapons-related acts overseas), or

    (iii)

    section 113 (use of noxious substance or thing to cause harm or intimidate),

    (c)

    an offence under any of the following provisions of the Terrorism Act 2006—

    (i)

    section 1 (encouragement of terrorism),

    (ii)

    section 2 (dissemination of terrorist publications),

    (iii)

    section 5 (preparation of terrorist acts),

    (iv)

    section 6 (training for terrorism),

    (v)

    section 8 (attendance at a place used for terrorist training),

    (vi)

    section 9 (making or possession of radioactive device or material),

    (vii)

    section 10 (misuse of radioactive device or material for terrorist purposes etc), or

    (viii)

    section 11 (terrorist threats relating to radioactive devices etc),

    (d)

    an offence of aiding, abetting, counselling, procuring or inciting the commission of an offence specified in paragraphs (a) to (c),

    (e)

    an offence of attempting to commit such an offence,

    (f)

    an offence of conspiring to commit such an offence; and]

  • violent offence ” means any offence (other than an offence which is a sexual offence within the meaning of this section) inferring personal violence.

[F105(11)In subsection (10)

(a) any reference to a “ sexual offence ” includes?

(i)a reference to any attempt, conspiracy or incitement to commit that offence; and

(ii)except in the case of an offence under paragraphs (i) to (viii) of the definition of “sexual offence” in that subsection, a reference to aiding and abetting, counselling or procuring the commission of that offence;

(b)the references to “rape” in paragraphs (iii) and (iv) of the definition of “sexual offence” are to the offence of rape at common law; and

(c)the references to “the statutory offence of rape” in paragraphs (iiia) and (iva) of that definition are (as the case may be) to?

(i)the offence of rape under section 1 of the Sexual Offences (Scotland) Act 2009, or

(ii)the offence of rape of a young child under section 18 of that Act.]

[F106(12)An extended sentence may be passed by reference to paragraph (xxviii) only if the offender is or is to become, by virtue of Schedule 3 to the Sexual Offences Act 2003 (c.42), subject to the notification requirements of Part 2 of that Act.]]

Textual Amendments

F83S. 210A inserted (30.9.1998) by 1998 c. 37, s. 86(1); S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1)(s) (subject to arts. 5-8)

F84Words in s. 210A heading substituted (12.4.2019) by Counter-Terrorism and Border Security Act 2019 (c. 3), ss. 10(2), 27(3) (with s. 25(3))

F85Words in s. 210A(1) substituted (12.4.2019) by Counter-Terrorism and Border Security Act 2019 (c. 3), ss. 10(3)(a), 27(3) (with s. 25(3))

F86Words in s. 210A(1)(a)(ii) inserted (12.4.2019) by Counter-Terrorism and Border Security Act 2019 (c. 3), ss. 10(3)(b), 27(3) (with s. 25(3))

F87Word in s. 210A(3)(a) omitted (12.4.2019) by virtue of Counter-Terrorism and Border Security Act 2019 (c. 3), ss. 10(4)(a), 27(3) (with s. 25(3))

F89S. 210A(3)(c) and word inserted (12.4.2019) by Counter-Terrorism and Border Security Act 2019 (c. 3), ss. 10(4)(b), 27(3) (with s. 25(3))

F90Words in s. 210A(6) substituted (4.10.2004) by Criminal Procedure (Amendment) (Scotland) Act 2004 (asp 5), ss. 21, 27(1); S.S.I. 2004/405, art. 2, Sch. 1 (subject to savings in arts. 3-5)

F95S. 210A: word “and”immediately preceding s. 210A(10) para. (xix) omitted (8.1.2001) by virtue of 2000 c. 44, s. 6(2); S.S.I. 2000/452, art. 2(f)

F96Word in s. 210A(10) in definition of "sexual offence" omitted (5.10.2005) by virtue of Mental Health (Care and Treatment) (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 13), ss. 312(a), 333(2)-(4); S.S.I. 2005/161, art. 3

F97S. 210A(xx) and the preceding “and”inserted (8.1.2001) by 2000 c. 44, s. 6(2); S.S.I. 2000/452, art. 2(f)

F99Words in s. 210A(10) in definition of "sexual offence" added (5.10.2005) by Mental Health (Care and Treatment) (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 13), ss. 312(b), 333(2)-(4); S.S.I. 2005/161, art. 3

F102S. 210A(10): words in the definition of "sexual offence" added (13.12.2010 for all purposes in respect of offences committed on or after this date) by Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp 13), ss. 23(a), 206(1); S.S.I. 2010/413, art. 2, Sch.

F103Word in s. 210A(10) omitted (12.4.2019) by virtue of Counter-Terrorism and Border Security Act 2019 (c. 3), ss. 10(5)(a), 27(3) (with s. 25(3))

F104Words in s. 210A(10) inserted (12.4.2019) by Counter-Terrorism and Border Security Act 2019 (c. 3), ss. 10(5)(b), 27(3) (with s. 25(3))

F106S. 210A(12) added (13.12.2010 for all purposes in respect of offences committed on or after this date) by Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp 13), ss. 23(b), 206(1); S.S.I. 2010/413, art. 2, Sch.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

[F107210AAExtended sentences for certain other offendersS

Where a person is convicted on indictment of abduction but the offence is other than is mentioned in paragraph (iii) of the definition of “sexual offence” in subsection (10) of section 210A of this Act, that section shall apply in relation to the person as it applies in relation to a person so convicted of a violent offence.]

Textual Amendments

[F108Approach in domestic abuse casesU.K.

Textual Amendments

F108S. 210AB and cross-heading inserted (1.4.2019) by Domestic Abuse (Scotland) Act 2018 (asp 5), s. 15(2), sch. para. 8(2); S.S.I. 2018/387, reg. 2 (with reg. 7)

210ABParticular factor as to victim safetyU.K.

(1)When sentencing a person convicted of an offence listed in subsection (2)(b), the court must have particular regard to the aim of ensuring that the victim is not the subject of a further such offence committed by the convicted person.

(2)For the purpose of subsection (1)—

(a)victim” means the person against whom the offence was committed,

(b)the list is—

(i)an offence under section 1(1) of the Domestic Abuse (Scotland) Act 2018,

(ii)an offence that is aggravated as described in section 1(1)(a) of the Abusive Behaviour and Sexual Harm (Scotland) Act 2016.]

[F109Risk assessmentS

Textual Amendments

F109Ss. 210B-210H and cross-headings inserted (19.6.2006 for specified purposes) by Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 7), ss. 1, 89 (as amended with regards to ss. 210B, 210D and 210G (27.9.2005) by S.S.I. 2005/465, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 34(2)); S.S.I. 2006/332, art. 2

210BRisk assessment orderS

(1)This subsection applies where it falls to the High Court to impose sentence on a person convicted of an offence other than murder and that offence—

(a)is (any or all)—

(i)a sexual offence (as defined in section 210A(10) of this Act);

(ii)a violent offence (as so defined);

(iii)an offence which endangers life; or

(b)is an offence the nature of which, or circumstances of the commission of which, are such that it appears to the court that the person has a propensity to commit any such offence as is mentioned in sub-paragraphs (i) to (iii) of paragraph (a) above.

(2) Where subsection (1) above applies, the court, at its own instance or (provided that the prosecutor has given the person notice of his intention in that regard) on the motion of the prosecutor, if it considers that the risk criteria may be met, shall make an order under this subsection (a “ risk assessment order ”) unless—

(a)the court makes an interim compulsion order by virtue of section 210D(1) of this Act in respect of the person; or

(b)the person is subject to an order for lifelong restriction previously imposed.

(3)A risk assessment order is an order—

(a)for the convicted person to be taken to a place specified in the order, so that there may be prepared there—

(i)by a person accredited for the purposes of this section by the Risk Management Authority; and

(ii)in such manner as may be so accredited,

a risk assessment report (that is to say, a report as to what risk his being at liberty presents to the safety of the public at large); and

(b)providing for him to be remanded in custody there for so long as is necessary for those purposes and thereafter there or elsewhere until such diet as is fixed for sentence.

(4)On making a risk assessment order, the court shall adjourn the case for a period not exceeding ninety days.

(5) The court may on one occasion, on cause shown, extend the period mentioned in subsection (4) above by not more than ninety days; and it may exceptionally, where by reason of circumstances outwith the control of the person to whom it falls to prepare the risk assessment report (the “ assessor ”), or as the case may be of any person instructed under section 210C(5) of this Act to prepare such a report, the report in question has not been completed, grant such further extension as appears to it to be appropriate.

(6)There shall be no appeal against a risk assessment order or against any refusal to make such an order.

210CRisk assessment reportS

(1)The assessor may, in preparing the risk assessment report, take into account not only any previous conviction of the convicted person but also any allegation that the person has engaged in criminal behaviour (whether or not that behaviour resulted in prosecution and acquittal).

(2)Where the assessor, in preparing the risk assessment report, takes into account any allegation that the person has engaged in criminal behaviour, the report is to—

(a)list each such allegation;

(b)set out any additional evidence which supports the allegation; and

(c)explain the extent to which the allegation and evidence has influenced the opinion included in the report under subsection (3) below.

(3)The assessor shall include in the risk assessment report his opinion as to whether the risk mentioned in section 210B(3)(a) of this Act is, having regard to such standards and guidelines as are issued by the Risk Management Authority in that regard, high, medium or low.

(4)The assessor shall submit the risk assessment report to the High Court by sending it, together with such documents as are available to the assessor and are referred to in the report, to the Principal Clerk of Justiciary, who shall then send a copy of the report and of those documents to the prosecutor and to the convicted person.

(5)The convicted person may, during the period of his detention at the place specified in the risk assessment order, himself instruct the preparation (by a person other than the assessor) of a risk assessment report; and if such a report is so prepared then the person who prepares it shall submit it to the court by sending it, together with such documents as are available to him (after any requirement under subsection (4) above is met) and are referred to in the report, to the Principal Clerk of Justiciary, who shall then send a copy of it and of those documents to the prosecutor.

(6)When the court receives the risk assessment report submitted by the assessor a diet shall be fixed for the convicted person to be brought before it for sentence.

(7)If, within such period after receiving a copy of that report as may be prescribed by Act of Adjournal, the convicted person intimates, in such form, or as nearly as may be in such form, as may be so prescribed—

(a)that he objects to the content or findings of that report; and

(b)what the grounds of his objection are,

the prosecutor and he shall be entitled to produce and examine witnesses with regard to—

(i)that content or those findings; and

(ii)the content or findings of any risk assessment report instructed by the person and duly submitted under subsection (5) above.

210DInterim hospital order and assessment of riskS

(1)Where subsection (1) of section 210B of this Act applies, the High Court, if—

(a)it may make an interim compulsion order in respect of the person under section 53 of this Act; and

(b)it considers that the risk criteria may be met,

shall make such an order unless the person is subject to an order for lifelong restriction previously imposed.

(2)Where an interim compulsion order is made by virtue of subsection (1) above, a report as to the risk the convicted person’s being at liberty presents to the safety of the public at large shall be prepared by a person accredited for the purposes of this section by the Risk Management Authority and in such manner as may be so accredited.

(3)Section 210C(1) to (4) and (7)(except paragraph (ii)) of this Act shall apply in respect of any such report as it does in respect of a risk assessment report.

210EThe risk criteriaS

For the purposes of sections 195(1), 210B(2), 210D(1) and 210F(1) and (3) of this Act, the risk criteria are that the nature of, or the circumstances of the commission of, the offence of which the convicted person has been found guilty either in themselves or as part of a pattern of behaviour are such as to demonstrate that there is a likelihood that he, if at liberty, will seriously endanger the lives, or physical or psychological well-being, of members of the public at large.

[F110210EAApplication of certain sections of this Act to proceedings under section 210C(7)S

(1) Sections 271 to 271M, 274 to 275C and 288C to 288F of this Act (in this section referred to as the “ applied sections ”) apply in relation to proceedings under section 210C(7) of this Act as they apply in relation to proceedings in or for the purposes of a trial, references in the applied sections to the “trial” and to the “trial diet” being construed accordingly.

(2)But for the purposes of this section the references—

(a)in sections 271(1)(a) and 271B(1)(b) to the date of commencement of the proceedings in which the trial is being held or is to be held; and

(b)in section 288E(2)(b) to the date of commencement of the proceedings,

are to be construed as references to the date of commencement of the proceedings in which the person was convicted of the offence in respect of which sentence falls to be imposed (such proceedings being in this section referred to as the “ original proceedings ”).

(3)And for the purposes of this section any reference in the applied sections to—

(a)an “accused” (or to a person charged with an offence) is to be construed as a reference to the convicted person except that the reference in section 271(2)(e)(iii) to an accused is to be disregarded;

(b)an “alleged” offence is to be construed as a reference to any or all of the following—

(i)the offence in respect of which sentence falls to be imposed;

(ii)any other offence of which the convicted person has been convicted;

(iii)any alleged criminal behaviour of the convicted person; and

(c) a “ complainer ” is to be construed as a reference to any or all of the following—

(i)the person who was the complainer in the original proceedings;

(ii)in the case of any such offence as is mentioned in paragraph (b)(ii) above, the person who was the complainer in the proceedings relating to that offence;

(iii)in the case of alleged criminal behaviour if it was alleged behaviour directed against a person, the person in question.

(4)Where—

(a)any person who is giving or is to give evidence at an examination under section 210C(7) of this Act gave evidence at the trial in the original proceedings; and

(b)a special measure or combination of special measures was used by virtue of section 271A, 271C or 271D of this Act for the purpose of taking the person's evidence at that trial,

that special measure or, as the case may be, combination of special measures is to be treated as having been authorised, by virtue of the same section, to be used for the purpose of taking the person's evidence at or for the purposes of the examination.

(5)Subsection (4) above does not affect the operation, by virtue of subsection (1) above, of section 271D of this Act.]

Textual Amendments

F110S. 210EA inserted (20.6.2006 for specified purposes) by Management of Offenders etc. (Scotland) Act 2005 (asp 14), ss. 19, 24; S.S.I. 2006/331, art. 3(1) (subject to art. 3(2))

Order for lifelong restriction etc.S

210F[F111Order for lifelong restriction or compulsion order]S

(1)The High Court, at its own instance or on the motion of the prosecutor, if it is satisfied, having regard to—

(a)[F112any] risk assessment report submitted under section 210C(4) or (5) of this Act;

(b)any report submitted by virtue of section 210D of this Act;

(c)any evidence given under section 210C(7) of this Act; and

(d)any other information before it,

that, on a balance of probabilities, the risk criteria are met, shall [F113, in a case where it may make a compulsion order in respect of the convicted person under section 57A of this Act, either make such an order or make an order for lifelong restriction in respect of that person and in any other case make an order for lifelong restriction in respect of that person.]

(2)An order for lifelong restriction constitutes a sentence of imprisonment, or as the case may be detention, for an indeterminate period.

(3)The prosecutor may, on the grounds that on a balance of probabilities the risk criteria are met, appeal against any refusal of the court to make an order for lifelong restriction.

Textual Amendments

F111S. 210F title substituted (20.6.2006 for specified purposes) by virtue of Management of Offenders etc. (Scotland) Act 2005 (asp 14) {ss. 14(3)}, 24; S.S.I. 2006/331, art. 3(1) (subject to art. 3(2))

F112Word in s. 210F(1)(a) substituted (20.6.2006 for specified purposes) by Management of Offenders etc. (Scotland) Act 2005 (asp 14), ss. 14(2)(a), 24; S.S.I. 2006/331, art. 3(1) (subject to art. 3(2))

F113Words in s. 210F(1) substituted (20.6.2006 for specified purposes) by Management of Offenders etc. (Scotland) Act 2005 (asp 14), ss. 14(2)(b), 24; S.S.I. 2006/331, art. 3(1) (subject to art. 3(2)) [Editorial Note: the word "shall" immediately preceding the substituted text is treated as not having been removed despite the wording of the amending section, by virtue of the decision of the Appeal Court, High Court of Justiciary, in the case of Brian Johnstone v HM Advocate 5 July 2011 [2011] HCJAC 66]

210GDisposal of case where certain orders not madeS

(1)Where, in respect of a convicted person—

(a)a risk assessment order is not made under section 210B(2) of this Act, or (as the case may be) an interim compulsion order is not made by virtue of section 210D(1) of this Act, because the court does not consider that the risk criteria may be met; or

(b)the court considers that the risk criteria may be met but a risk assessment order, or (as the case may be) an interim compulsion order, is not so made because the person is subject to an order for lifelong restriction previously imposed,

the court shall dispose of the case as it considers appropriate.

(2)Where, in respect of a convicted person, an order for lifelong restriction is not made under section 210F of this Act because the court is not satisfied (in accordance with subsection (1) of that section) that the risk criteria are met, the court, in disposing of the case, shall not impose on the person a sentence of imprisonment for life, detention for life or detention without limit of time.

Report of judgeS

210HReport of judgeS

(1)This subsection applies where a person falls to be sentenced—

(a)in the High Court for an offence (other than murder) mentioned in section 210B(1) of this Act; or

(b)in the sheriff court for such an offence prosecuted on indictment.

(2)Where subsection (1) above applies, the court shall, as soon as reasonably practicable, prepare a report in writing, in such form as may be prescribed by Act of Adjournal—

(a)as to the circumstances of the case; and

(b)containing such other information as it considers appropriate,

but no such report shall be prepared if a report is required to be prepared under section 21(4) of the Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 7).]

FinesS

211 Fines.S

(1)Where an accused who is convicted on indictment of any offence (whether triable only on indictment or triable either on indictment or summarily other than by virtue of section 292(6) of this Act) would apart from this subsection be liable to a fine of or not exceeding a specified amount, he shall by virtue of this subsection be liable to a fine of any amount.

(2)Where any Act confers a power by subordinate instrument to make a person liable on conviction on indictment of any offence mentioned in subsection (1) above to a fine or a maximum fine of a specified amount, or which shall not exceed a specified amount, the fine which may be imposed in the exercise of that power shall by virtue of this subsection be a fine of an unlimited amount.

(3)Any sentence or decree for any fine or expenses pronounced by a sheriff court or [F114JP court] may be enforced against the person or effects of any party against whom the sentence or decree was awarded—

(a)in the district where the sentence or decree was pronounced; or

(b)in any other such district.

(4)A fine imposed by the High Court shall be remitted for enforcement to, and shall be enforceable as if it had been imposed by—

(a)where the person upon whom the fine was imposed resides in Scotland, the sheriff for the district where that person resides; and

(b)where that person resides outwith Scotland, the sheriff before whom he was brought for examination in relation to the offence for which the fine was imposed.

(5)F115. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(6)[F116Except where the provisions of section 223R(2) apply,] all fines and expenses imposed in F117. . . proceedings under this Act shall be paid to the [F118clerk of any court, or to any other person (or class of person) authorised by the Scottish Ministers for the purpose,] to be accounted for F119. . . to the person entitled to such fines and expenses, and it shall not be necessary to specify in any sentence the person entitled to payment of such fines or expenses unless it is necessary to provide for the division of the penalty.

(7)A court in determining the amount of any fine to be imposed on an offender shall take into consideration, amongst other things, the means of the offender so far as known to the court.

Textual Amendments

F114Words in s. 211(3) substituted (10.3.2008, 2.6.2008, 8.12.2008, 23.2.2009 and 14.12.2009 for certain purposes, otherwise 22.2.2010) by Criminal Proceedings etc. (Reform) (Scotland) Act 2007 (asp 6), ss. 80, 84, Sch. para. 26(j); S.S.I. 2008/42, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2008/192, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2008/329, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2008/362, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2009/432, art. 3, Schs. 1, 2

F116Words in s. 211(6) inserted (12.10.2009) by The Mutual Recognition of Criminal Financial Penalties in the European Union (Scotland) Order 2009 (S.S.I. 2009/342), art. 7 (with art. 2)

F118Words in s. 211(6) substituted (10.3.2008 for certain purposes and otherwise prosp.) by Criminal Proceedings etc. (Reform) (Scotland) Act 2007 (asp 6), ss. 80, 84, Sch. para. 20(1)(b)(ii); S.S.I. 2008/42, art. 3, Sch.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C4S. 211(3)-(6) applied (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 43, ss. 14(1), 34, 50(2), Sch. 1 para. 4(4)

S. 211(3)-(6) applied (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), ss. 118(1)(2)(a), 458; S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2 (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-7)

212 Fines in summary proceedings.S

(1)Where a court of summary jurisdiction imposes a fine on an offender, the court may order him to be searched, and any money found on him on apprehension or when so searched or when taken to prison or to a young offenders institution in default of payment of the fine, may, unless the court otherwise directs and subject to subsection (2) below, be applied towards payment of the fine, and the surplus if any shall be returned to him.

(2)Money shall not be applied as mentioned in subsection (1) above if the court is satisfied that it does not belong to the person on whom it was found or that the loss of the money will be more injurious to his family than his imprisonment or detention.

(3)When a court of summary jurisdiction, which has adjudged that a sum of money shall be paid by an offender, considers that any money found on the offender on apprehension, or after he has been searched by order of the court, should not be applied towards payment of such sum, the court, shall make a direction in writing to that effect which shall be written on the extract of the sentence which imposes the fine before it is issued by the clerk of the court.

(4)An accused may make an application to such a court either orally or in writing, through the governor of the prison in whose custody he may be at that time, that any sum of money which has been found on his person should not be applied in payment of the fine adjudged to be paid by him.

(5)A person who alleges that any money found on the person of an offender is not the property of the offender, but belongs to that person, may apply to such court either orally or in writing for a direction that the money should not be applied in payment of the fine adjudged to be paid, and the court after enquiry may so direct.

(6)A court of summary jurisdiction, which has adjudged that a sum of money shall be paid by an offender, may order the attendance in court of the offender, if he is in prison, for the purpose of ascertaining the ownership of money which has been found on his person.

(7)A notice in the form prescribed by Act of Adjournal, or as nearly as may be in such form, addressed to the governor of the prison in whose custody an offender may be at the time, signed by the judge of a court of summary jurisdiction shall be a sufficient warrant to the governor of such prison for conveying the offender to the court.

213 Remission of fines.S

(1)A fine may at any time be remitted in whole or in part by—

(a)in a case where a transfer of fine order under section 222 of this Act is effective and the court by which payment is enforceable is, in terms of the order, a court of summary jurisdiction in Scotland, that court; or

(b)in any other case, the court which imposed the fine or, where that court was the High Court, by which payment was first enforceable.

(2)Where the court remits the whole or part of a fine after imprisonment has been imposed under section 214(2) or (4) of this Act, it shall also remit the whole period of imprisonment or, as the case may be, reduce the period by an amount which bears the same proportion to the whole period as the amount remitted bears to the whole fine.

(3)The power conferred by subsection (1) above shall be exercisable without requiring the attendance of the accused.

214 Fines: time for payment and payment by instalments.S

(1)Where a court has imposed a fine on an offender or ordered him to find caution the court shall, subject to subsection (2) below, allow him at least seven days to pay the fine or the first instalment thereof or, as the case may be, to find caution; and any reference in this section and section 216 of this Act to a failure to pay a fine or other like expression shall include a reference to a failure to find caution.

(2)If on the occasion of the imposition of a fine—

(a)the offender appears to the court to possess sufficient means to enable him to pay the fine forthwith; or

(b)on being asked by the court whether he wishes to have time for payment, he does not ask for time; or

(c)he fails to satisfy the court that he has a fixed abode; or

(d)the court is satisfied for any other special reason that no time should be allowed for payment,

the court may refuse him time to pay the fine and, if the offender fails to pay, may exercise its power to impose imprisonment and, if it does so, shall state the special reason for its decision.

(3)In all cases where time is not allowed by a court for payment of a fine, the reasons of the court for not so allowing time shall be stated in the extract of the finding and sentence as well as in the finding and sentence itself.

(4)Where time is allowed for payment of a fine or payment by instalments is ordered, the court shall not, on the occasion of the imposition of a fine, impose imprisonment in the event of a future default in paying the fine or an instalment thereof unless the offender is before it and the court determines that, having regard to the gravity of the offence or to the character of the offender, or to other special reason, it is expedient that he should be imprisoned without further inquiry in default of payment; and where a court so determines, it shall state the special reason for its decision.

(5)Where a court has imposed imprisonment in accordance with subsection (4) above, then, if at any time the offender asks the court to commit him to prison, the court may do so notwithstanding subsection (1) of this section.

(6)Nothing in the foregoing provisions of this section shall affect any power of the court to order a fine to be recovered by civil diligence.

(7)Where time has been allowed for payment of a fine imposed by the court, it may, on an application by or on behalf of the offender, and after giving the prosecutor an opportunity of being heard, allow further time for payment.

(8)Without prejudice to subsection (2) above, where a court has imposed a fine on an offender, the court may, of its own accord or on the application of the offender, order payment of that fine by instalments of such amounts and at such time as it may think fit.

(9)Where the court has ordered payment of a fine by instalments it may—

(a)allow further time for payment of any instalment thereof;

(b)order payment thereof by instalments of lesser amounts, or at longer intervals, than those originally fixed,

and the powers conferred by this subsection shall be exercisable without requiring the attendance of the accused.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C5S. 214 applied (with modifications) (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 43, ss. 14(2)(a), 50(2)

C6S. 214(2) modified (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 43, ss. 15(2), 50(2)

C7S. 214(4)-(6) applied (with modifications) (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), ss. 118(1)(2)(b), 458; S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2 (with transitional provisions in arts. 3-7)

215 Application for further time to pay fine.S

(1)An application by an offender for further time in which to pay a fine imposed on him by a court, or of instalments thereof, shall be made, subject to subsection (2) below, to that court.

(2)Where a transfer of fine order has been made under section 222 of this Act, section 90 of the M17Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 or Article 95 of the M18Magistrates’ Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981, an application under subsection (1) above shall be made to the court specified in the transfer order, or to the court specified in the last transfer order where there is more than one transfer.

(3)A court to which an application is made under this section shall allow further time for payment of the fine or of instalments thereof, unless it is satisfied that the failure of the offender to make payment has been wilful or that the offender has no reasonable prospect of being able to pay if further time is allowed.

(4)An application made under this section may be made orally or in writing.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C8S. 215 applied (with modifications) (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 43, ss. 14(2)(b), 50(2)

Marginal Citations

216 Fines: restriction on imprisonment for default.S

(1)Where a court has imposed a fine or ordered the finding of caution without imposing imprisonment in default of payment, subject to subsection (2) below, it shall not impose imprisonment on an offender for failing to make payment of the fine or, as the case may be, to find caution, unless on an occasion subsequent to that sentence the court has enquired into in his presence the reason why the fine has not been paid or, as the case may be, caution has not been found.

(2)Subsection (1) above shall not apply where the offender is in prison.

(3)A court may, for the purpose of enabling enquiry to be made under this section—

(a)issue a citation requiring the offender to appear before the court at a time and place appointed in the citation; or

(b)issue a warrant of apprehension.

(4)On the failure of the offender to appear before the court in response to a citation under this section, the court may issue a warrant of apprehension.

(5)The citation of an offender to appear before a court in terms of subsection (3)(a) above shall be effected in like manner, mutatis mutandis, as the citation of an accused to a sitting or diet of the court under section 141 of this Act, and—

(a)the citation shall be signed by the clerk of the court before which the offender is required to appear, instead of by the prosecutor; and

(b)the forms relating to the citation of an accused shall not apply to such citation.

(6)The following matters shall be, or as nearly as may be, in such form as is prescribed by Act of Adjournal—

(a)the citation of an offender under this section;

(b)if the citation of the offender is effected by an officer of law, the written execution, if any, of that officer of law;

(c)a warrant of apprehension issued by a court under subsection (4) above; and

(d)the minute of procedure in relation to an enquiry into the means of an offender under this section.

(7)Where a child would, if he were an adult, be liable to be imprisoned in default of payment of any fine the court may, if it considers that none of the other methods by which the case may legally be dealt with is suitable, order that the child be detained for such period, not exceeding one month, as may be specified in the order in a place chosen by the local authority in whose area the court is situated.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C9S. 216 applied (with modifications) (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 43, ss. 14(2)(c), 50(2)

S. 216 applied (with modifications) (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), ss. 118(1)(2)(c), 458; S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2 (with transitional provisions in arts. 3-7)

C10S. 216(7) modified (1.4.1997) by S.I. 1996/3255, reg. 14(1)

217 Fines: supervision pending payment.S

(1)Where an offender has been allowed time for payment of a fine, the court may, either on the occasion of the imposition of the fine or on a subsequent occasion, order that he be placed under the supervision of such person, in this section referred to as the “supervising officer”, as the court may from time to time appoint for the purpose of assisting and advising the offender in regard to payment of the fine.

(2)An order made in pursuance of subsection (1) above shall remain in force so long as the offender to whom it relates remains liable to pay the fine or any part of it unless the order ceases to have effect or is discharged under subsection (3) below.

(3)An order under this section shall cease to have effect on the making of a transfer of fine order under section 222 of this Act in respect of the fine or may be discharged by the court that made it without prejudice, in either case, to the making of a new order.

(4)Where an offender under 21 years of age has been allowed time for payment of a fine, the court shall not order the form of detention appropriate to him in default of payment of the fine unless—

(a)he has been placed under supervision in respect of the fine; or

(b)the court is satisfied that it is impracticable to place him under supervision.

(5)Where a court, on being satisfied as mentioned in subsection (4)(b) above, orders the detention of a person under 21 years of age without an order under this section having been made, the court shall state the grounds on which it is so satisfied.

(6)Where an order under this section is in force in respect of an offender, the court shall not impose imprisonment in default of the payment of the fine unless before doing so it has—

(a)taken such steps as may be reasonably practicable to obtain from the supervising officer a report, which may be oral, on the offender’s conduct and means, and has considered any such report; and

(b)in a case where an enquiry is required by section 216 of this Act, considered such enquiry.

(7)When a court appoints a different supervising officer under subsection (1) above, a notice shall be sent by the clerk of the court to the offender in such form, as nearly as may be, as is prescribed by Act of Adjournal.

(8)The supervising officer shall communicate with the offender with a view to assisting and advising him in regard to payment of the fine, and unless the fine or any instalment thereof is paid to the clerk of the court within the time allowed by the court for payment, the supervising officer shall report to the court without delay after the expiry of such time, as to the conduct and means of the offender.

[F120(9)Where an enforcement order has been made under section 226B of this Act in relation to payment of the fine, the supervising officer shall, instead of reporting under subsection (8) above to the court, report under that subsection to the fines enforcement officer dealing with the order.]

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C11S. 217 applied (with modifications) (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 43, ss. 14(2)(d), 50(2)

S. 217 applied (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), ss. 118(1)(2)(d), 458; S.S.I. 2003/210, art.2 (with transitional provisions in arts 3-7)

218 Fines: supplementary provisions as to payment.S

(1)Where under the provisions of section 214 or 217 of this Act a court is required to state a special reason for its decision or the grounds on which it is satisfied that it is undesirable or impracticable to place an offender under supervision, the reason or, as the case may be, the grounds shall be entered in the record of the proceedings along with the finding and sentence.

(2)Any reference in the said sections 214 and 217 to imprisonment shall be construed, in the case of an offender on whom by reason of his age imprisonment may not lawfully be imposed, as a reference to the lawful form of detention in default of payment of a fine appropriate to that person, and any reference to prison shall be construed accordingly.

(3)Where a warrant has been issued for the apprehension of an offender for non-payment of a fine, the offender may, notwithstanding section 211(6) of this Act, pay such fine in full to a constable; and the warrant shall not then be enforced and the constable shall remit the fine to the clerk of court.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C12S. 218(2)(3) applied (with modifications) (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 43, ss. 14(2)(e), 50(2)

S. 218(2)(3) applied (24.3.2006) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), ss. 118(1)(2)(e), 458; S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2 (with transitional provisions in arts. 3-7)

219 Fines: periods of imprisonment for non-payment.S

(1)Subject to sections 214 to 218 of this Act [F121and subsection (1A) below]

(a)a court may, when imposing a fine, impose a period of imprisonment in default of payment; or

(b)where no order has been made under paragraph (a) above and a person fails to pay a fine, or any part or instalment of a fine, by the time ordered by the court (or, where section 214(2) of this Act applies, immediately) the court may, subject to section 235(1) of this Act, impose a period of imprisonment for such failure either with immediate effect or to take effect in the event of the person failing to pay the fine or any part or instalment of it by such further time as the court may order,

whether or not the fine is imposed under an enactment which makes provision for its enforcement or recovery.

[F122(1A)Subsection (1) shall not apply to a fine imposed for an offence under section 107 of the Antisocial Behaviour etc. (Scotland) Act 2004 (asp 8).]

(2)Subject to the following subsections of this section, the maximum period of imprisonment which may be imposed under subsection (1) above or for failure to find caution, shall be as follows—

Amount of Fine or CautionMaximum Period of Imprisonment
Not exceeding £200....................7 days
Exceeding £200 but not exceeding £500....................14 days
Exceeding £500 but not exceeding £1,000....................28 days
Exceeding £1,000 but not exceeding £2,500....................45 days
Exceeding £2,500 but not exceeding £5,000....................3 months
Exceeding £5,000 but not exceeding £10,000....................6 months
Exceeding £10,000 but not exceeding £20,000....................12 months
Exceeding £20,000 but not exceeding £50,000....................18 months
Exceeding £50,000 but not exceeding £100,000....................2 years
Exceeding £100,000 but not exceeding £250,000....................3 years
Exceeding £250,000 but not exceeding £1 Million....................5 years
Exceeding £1 Million....................10 years

(3)Where an offender is fined on the same day before the same court for offences charged in the same indictment or complaint or in separate indictments or complaints, the amount of the fine shall, for the purposes of this section, be taken to be the total of the fines imposed.

(4)Where a court has imposed a period of imprisonment in default of payment of a fine, and—

(a)an instalment of the fine is not paid at the time ordered; or

(b)part only of the fine has been paid within the time allowed for payment,

the offender shall be liable to imprisonment for a period which bears to the period so imposed the same proportion, as nearly as may be, as the amount outstanding at the time when warrant is issued for imprisonment of the offender in default bears to the original fine.

(5)Where no period of imprisonment in default of payment of a fine has been imposed and—

(a)an instalment of the fine is not paid at the time ordered; or

(b)part only of the fine has been paid within the time allowed for payment,

the offender shall be liable to imprisonment for a maximum period which bears, as nearly as may be, the same proportion to the maximum period of imprisonment which could have been imposed by virtue of the Table in subsection (2) above in default of payment of the original fine as the amount outstanding at the time when he appears before the court bears to the original fine.

(6)If in any sentence or extract sentence the period of imprisonment inserted in default of payment of a fine or on failure to find caution is in excess of that competent under this Part of this Act, such period of imprisonment shall be reduced to the maximum period under this Part of this Act applicable to such default or failure, and the judge who pronounced the sentence shall have power to order the sentence or extract to be corrected accordingly.

(7)The provisions of this section shall be without prejudice to the operation of section 220 of this Act.

(8)Where in any case—

(a)the sheriff considers that the imposition of imprisonment for the number of years for the time being specified in section 3(3) of this Act would be inadequate; and

(b)the maximum period of imprisonment which may be imposed under subsection (1) above (or under that subsection as read with either or both of sections 252(2) of this Act and section [F123118(2) [F124, (2A) and (2B)] of the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002] exceeds that number of years,

he shall remit the case to the High Court for sentence.

Textual Amendments

F123Words in s. 219(8)(b) substituted (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), ss. 456, 458, Sch. 11 para. 29(4); S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2, Sch. (subject to arts. 3-7)

F124Words in s. 219(8)(b) inserted (1.3.2016) by Serious Crime Act 2015 (c. 9), ss. 19(3), 88(2)(a); S.S.I. 2016/11, reg. 2(d) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C13S. 219 applied (with modifications) (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 43, ss. 14(2)(f), 50(2)

S. 219 applied (with modifications) (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), ss. 118(1)(2)(f)(5), 458; S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2 (subject to arts. 3-7)

C14S. 219(2)(2A): power to amend conferred by 2002 c. 29, s. 118(2B)(a)(b) (as inserted (1.3.2016) by Serious Crime Act 2015 (c. 9), ss. 19(1)(b), 88(2)(a); S.S.I. 2016/11, reg. 2(d) (with reg. 3))

C15S. 219(2) modified by 2002 c. 29, s. 118(2A) (as inserted (1.3.2016) by Serious Crime Act 2015 (c. 9), ss. 19(1)(b), 88(2)(a); S.S.I. 2016/11, reg. 2(d) (with reg. 3))

220 Fines: part payment by prisoners.S

(1)Where a person committed to prison or otherwise detained for failure to pay a fine imposed by a court pays to the governor of the prison, under conditions prescribed by rules made under the M19Prisons (Scotland) Act 1989, any sum in part satisfaction of the fine, the term of imprisonment [F125imposed under section 219 of this Act in respect of the fine] shall be reduced (or as the case may be further reduced) by a number of days bearing as nearly as possible the same proportion to such term as the sum so paid bears to the amount of the fine outstanding at the commencement of the imprisonment.

(2)The day on which any sum is paid as mentioned in subsection (1) above shall not be regarded as a day served by the prisoner as part of the said term of imprisonment.

(3)All sums paid under this section shall be handed over on receipt by the governor of the prison to the clerk of the court in which the conviction was obtained, and thereafter paid and applied pro tanto in the same manner and for the same purposes as sums adjudged to be paid by the conviction and sentence of the court, and paid and recovered in terms thereof, are lawfully paid and applied.

(4)In this section references to a prison and to the governor thereof shall include respectively references to any other place in which a person may be lawfully detained in default of payment of a fine, and to an officer in charge thereof.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C16S. 220 applied (with modifications) (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 43, ss. 14(2)(g), 50(2)

S. 220 applied (with modifications) (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), ss. 118(1)(2)(g), 458; S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2 (with transitional provisions in arts. 3-7)

Marginal Citations

221 Fines: recovery by civil diligence.S

(1)Where any fine falls to be recovered by civil diligence in pursuance of this Act or in any case in which a court may think it expedient to order a fine to be recovered by civil diligence, there shall be added to the finding of the court imposing the fine a warrant for civil diligence in a form prescribed by Act of Adjournal which shall have the effect of authorising—

(a)the charging of the person who has been fined to pay the fine within the period specified in the charge and, in the event of failure to make such payment within that period,

[F126(i)the execution of an arrestment;

(ii)the attachment of articles belonging to him; and

(iii)the execution of a money attachment ,]

and, if necessary for the purpose of executing the [F127attachment][F128 or the money attachment], the opening of shut and lockfast places;

(b)an arrestment other than an arrestment of earnings in the hands of his employer,

and such diligence, whatever the amount of the fine imposed, may be executed in the same manner as if the proceedings were on an extract decree of the sheriff in a summary cause.

(2)Subject to subsection (3) below, proceedings by civil diligence under this section may be taken at any time after the imposition of the fine to which they relate.

(3)No such proceedings shall be authorised after the offender has been imprisoned in consequence of his having defaulted in payment of the fine.

(4)Where proceedings by civil diligence for the recovery of a fine or caution are taken, imprisonment for non-payment of the fine or for failure to find such caution shall remain competent and such proceedings may be authorised after the court has imposed imprisonment for, or in the event of, the non-payment or the failure but before imprisonment has followed such imposition.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C17S. 221 applied (with modifications) (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 43, ss. 14(2)(h), 50(2)

S. 221 applied (1.1.2003) by Fur Farming (Prohibition) (Scotland) Act 2002 (asp 10), s. 3(2); S.S.I. 2002/519, art. 2

C18S. 221 applied (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), ss. 118(1)(2)(h), 458; S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2 (with transitional provisions in arts. 3-7) (as amended (1.3.2016) by Serious Crime Act 2015 (c. 9), ss. 19(1)(a), 88(2)(a); S.S.I. 2016/11, reg. 2(d) (with reg. 3))

222 Transfer of fine orders.S

(1)Where a court has imposed a fine on a person convicted of an offence and it appears to [F129the clerk of court] that he is residing—

(a)within the jurisdiction of another court in Scotland; or

(b)in any petty sessions area in England and Wales; or

(c)in any petty sessions district in Northern Ireland,

[F130that clerk] may order that payment of the fine shall be enforceable by that other court or in that petty sessions area or petty sessions district as the case may be.

[F131(1A)Where a court has imposed a fine on a person convicted of an offence, and it appears to the clerk of court that there is a fine imposed by another court (of whatever kind) in the same sheriffdom, that clerk may order that payment of the fine is to be enforceable by that other court.]

(2)An order under this section (in this section referred to as a “transfer of fine order”) shall specify the court by which or the petty sessions area or petty sessions district in which payment is to be enforceable and, where the court to be specified in a transfer of fine order is a court of summary jurisdiction, it shall, in any case where the order is made by [F132the sheriff clerk], be a sheriff court.

(3)Subject to subsections (4) and (5) below, where a transfer of fine order is made with respect to any fine under this section, any functions under any enactment relating to that sum which, if no such order had been made, would have been exercisable by the court which made the order or by the clerk of that court shall cease to be so exercisable.

(4)Where [F133, in relation to a transfer of fine order made under subsection (1)(a) above]

(a)the [F134clerk of the court specified in the order] is satisfied, after inquiry, that the offender is not residing within the jurisdiction of that court; and

(b)the clerk of that court, within 14 days of receiving the notice required by section 223(1) of this Act, sends to the clerk of the court which made the order notice to that effect,

the order shall cease to have effect.

(5)Where a transfer of fine order ceases to have effect by virtue of subsection (4) above, the functions referred to in subsection (3) above shall again be exercisable by the court which made the order or, as the case may be, by the clerk of that court.

(6)Where a transfer of fine order under this section, section 90 of the M20Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 or Article 95 of the M21Magistrates’ Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 specifies a court of summary jurisdiction in Scotland, that court and the clerk of that court shall have all the like functions under this Part of this Act in respect of the fine or the sum in respect of which that order was made (including the power to make any further order under this section) as if the fine or the sum were a fine imposed by that court and as if any order made under this section, the said Act of 1980 or the said Order of 1981 in respect of the fine or the sum before the making of the transfer of fine order had been made by that court.

(7)The functions of the court to which subsection (6) above relates shall be deemed to include the court’s power to apply to the Secretary of State under any regulations made by him under section 24(1)(a) of the M22Criminal Justice Act 1991 (power to deduct fines etc from income support).

(8)Where a transfer of fine order under section 90 of the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980, Article 95 of the Magistrates’ Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981, or this section provides for the enforcement by a sheriff court in Scotland of a fine imposed by the Crown Court, the term of imprisonment which may be imposed under this Part of this Act shall be the term fixed in pursuance of [F135section 139 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000] by the Crown Court or a term which bears the same proportion to the term so fixed as the amount of the fine remaining due bears to the amount of the fine imposed by that court, notwithstanding that the term exceeds the period applicable to the case under section 219 of this Act.

Textual Amendments

F131S. 222(1A) inserted (10.3.2008, 2.6.2008, 8.12.2008, 23.2.2009 and 14.12.2009 for certain purposes, otherwise 22.2.2010) by Criminal Proceedings etc. (Reform) (Scotland) Act 2007 (asp 6), ss. 80, 84, Sch. para. 20(3)(b); S.S.I. 2008/42, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2008/192, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2008/329, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2008/362, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2009/432, art. 3, Schs. 1, 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C21S. 222 applied (with modifications) (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 43, ss. 14(2)(i), 50(2)

S. 222 applied (with modifications) (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), ss. 118(1)(2)(i), 458; S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2 (with transitional provisions in arts. 3-7)

C23S. 222(8) modified by 2002 c. 29, s. 118(2C)(2D) (as inserted (1.3.2016) by Serious Crime Act 2015 (c. 9), ss. 19(1)(b), 88(2)(a); S.S.I. 2016/11, reg. 2(d) (with reg. 3))

Marginal Citations

223 Transfer of fines: procedure for clerk of court.S

(1)Where [F136the clerk of] a court makes a transfer of fine order under section 222 of this Act, [F137that clerk] shall send to the clerk of the court specified in the order—

(a)a notice in the form prescribed by Act of Adjournal, or as nearly as may be in such form;

(b)a statement of the offence of which the offender was convicted; and

(c)a statement of the steps, if any, taken to recover the fine,

and shall give him such further information, if any, as, in his opinion, is likely to assist the court specified in the order in recovering the fine.

(2)In the case of a further transfer of fine order, the clerk [F138of court who] made the order shall send to the clerk of the court by which the fine was imposed a copy of the notice sent to the clerk of the court specified in the order.

(3)The clerk of court specified in a transfer of fine order shall, as soon as may be after he has received the notice mentioned in subsection (1)(a) above, send an intimation to the offender in the form prescribed by Act of Adjournal or as nearly as may be in such form.

(4)The clerk of court specified in a transfer of fine order shall remit or otherwise account for any payment received in respect of [F139a fine imposed by a court outwith Scotland] to the clerk of the court by which the fine was imposed, and if the sentence has been enforced otherwise than by payment of the fine, he shall inform the clerk of court how the sentence was enforced.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C24S. 223 applied (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 43, ss. 14(2)(j), 50(2)

S. 223 applied (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), ss. 118(1)(2)(j), 458; S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2 (with transitional provisions in arts. 3-7)

[F140The mutual recognition of criminal financial penaltiesS

Textual Amendments

F140Ss. 223A-223T and cross-heading inserted (12.10.2009) by The Mutual Recognition of Criminal Financial Penalties in the European Union (Scotland) Order 2009 (S.S.I. 2009/342), art. 3 (with art. 2)

223ARecognition of financial penalties: requests to other member StatesS

(1)The designated officer of the competent authority for Scotland may issue a certificate, in a form prescribed by Act of Adjournal, requesting enforcement under the Framework Decision on financial penalties where—

(a)a person is required to pay a financial penalty;

(b)the financial penalty is not paid in full within the time allowed for payment;

(c)there is no appeal outstanding in relation to the financial penalty; and

(d)it appears to the designated officer of the competent authority for Scotland that the person is normally resident, or has property or income, in a member State other than the United Kingdom.

(2)For the purposes of subsection (1)(c), there is no appeal outstanding in relation to a financial penalty if—

(a)no appeal has been brought in relation to the imposition of the financial penalty within the time allowed for making such an appeal; or

(b)such an appeal has been brought but the proceedings on appeal have been concluded.

(3)In subsections (1)(c) and (2) “appeal” in respect of financial penalties mentioned in subsection (5)(b) and (c) includes a request made under section 302C of this Act that such a penalty be recalled.

(4)Where the person required to pay the financial penalty is a body corporate or a partnership (including a Scottish partnership) subsection (1)(d) applies as if the reference to the member State in which the person appears to be normally resident were a reference to the member State in which the person appears to have its registered office or, as the case may be, its principal office of the partnership.

(5)In this section “financial penalty” means—

(a)any sum payable under a compensation order imposed under section 249 of this Act;

(b)any sum payable as a fixed penalty in a conditional offer made under section 302(1) of this Act and accepted, or deemed to be accepted, in accordance with that section;

(c)any sum payable under a compensation offer made under section 302A(1) of this Act and accepted, or deemed to be accepted, in accordance with that section;

(d)a fine, which is to be construed in accordance with section 307 of this Act, imposed by a court in Scotland on a person's conviction of an offence;

(e)a fine or other sum imposed by a court in England and Wales, or Northern Ireland, on a person's conviction of an offence which, following a transfer of fine order by virtue of section 90 of the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 F141 or Article 95 of the Magistrates' Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 F142, respectively, is enforceable in Scotland;

(f)a penalty in respect of which a fixed penalty notice is given under section 54 (giving notices for fixed penalty offences), or section 62 (fixing notices to vehicles) of the Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988 F143, which has been registered in Scotland for enforcement as a fine by virtue of section 71 of that Act;

(g)a fixed penalty notice given under section 129 (fixed penalty notices) of the Antisocial Behaviour etc. (Scotland) Act 2004 F144 in respect of which section 131(5) of that Act applies; and

(h)expenses imposed in connection with proceedings relating to a conviction as mentioned in paragraphs (d) and (e).

Textual Amendments

F142S.I. 1981/1675 (N.I. 26).

F1431988 c.53; section 54 was amended by the Road Traffic Act 1991 (c.40), sections 48 and 83, Schedule 4, paragraph 103(2) and (3) and Schedule 8; the Police Reform Act 2002 (c.30), sections 38, 41, 76(2), 108(2) to (5), Schedule 4, paragraph 1(2)(b) and Schedule 5, paragraph 1(2)(a); S.I. 1990/144; S.I. 1992/1286; S.I. 2002/2750; S.I. 2002/2306 and section 62 was amended by the Road Safety Act 2006 (c.49), section 5, Schedule 1, paragraph 7.

223BRequests to other member States: procedure on issue of certificateS

(1)This section applies where the designated officer of the competent authority for Scotland issues a certificate under section 223A(1) of this Act requesting enforcement under the Framework Decision on financial penalties.

(2)The designated officer of the competent authority for Scotland must give the central authority for Scotland the certificate, together with a certified copy, or extract, of the decision requiring payment of the financial penalty.

(3)On receipt of the documents mentioned in subsection (2), the central authority for Scotland must give those documents to the central authority, or the competent authority, of the member State other than the United Kingdom in which the person appears to be normally resident or, as the case may be, has property or income.

(4)Where the documents mentioned in subsection (2) are given to the central authority, or the competent authority, of the member State other than the United Kingdom in accordance with subsection (3)—

(a)no further steps to enforce the financial penalty may be taken in Scotland; and

(b)no further such documents may be given under subsection (2);

unless subsection (5) applies.

(5)This subsection applies where any of the events mentioned in Article 15(2) of the Framework Decision on financial penalties occurs; and accordingly the right to enforce the financial penalty reverts to the appropriate competent authority for Scotland.

(6)Where the person required to pay the financial penalty is a body corporate or a partnership (including a Scottish partnership) subsection (3) applies as if the reference to the member State in which the person appears to be normally resident were a reference to the member State in which the person appears to have its registered office or, as the case may be, its principal office of the partnership.

223CRequests to other member States: application of provisions relating to finesS

Where the designated officer of the competent authority for Scotland has issued a certificate under section 223A(1) of this Act in respect of a financial penalty mentioned in—

(a)section 223A(5)(d) or (h) of this Act;

(b)section 223A(5)(e) of this Act (in terms of the application of section 222(6) of this Act); or

(c)section 223A(5)(f) of this Act,

the provisions of section 217(3) of this Act (supervision pending payment of fine) shall apply except that the reference to the making of a transfer of fine order under section 222 of this Act shall instead be a reference to the issuing of a certificate under sections 223A(1) or 226HA(4) of this Act.

223DRequests to other member States: application of provisions relating to compensation ordersS

(1)This section applies where the designated officer of the competent authority for Scotland has issued a certificate under section 223A(1) of this Act in respect of a financial penalty mentioned in section 223A(5)(a).

(2)Section 252 of this Act shall apply, but the reference in subsection (2) of that section to section 217 is to be construed as a reference to that section modified as mentioned in section 223C of this Act.

223ERequests to other member States: application of provisions relating to fixed penaltiesS

(1)This section applies where the designated officer of the competent authority for Scotland has issued a certificate under section 223A(1) of this Act in respect of a financial penalty mentioned in section 223A(5)(b) or (c).

(2)Section 303 of this Act shall apply, but in the application of this Act to the outstanding amounts mentioned in subsection (1) of that section (which fall to be treated as fines by virtue of that subsection), the provisions mentioned in section [F145223C] of this Act apply modified as mentioned in that section.

223FRecognition of financial penalties: requests from other member StatesS

(1)This section applies where—

(a)the competent authority, or central authority, of a member State (“the issuing State”) other than the United Kingdom gives the central authority for Scotland—

(i)a certificate requesting enforcement under the Framework Decision on financial penalties; and

(ii)the decision, or a certified copy of the decision, requiring payment of the financial penalty to which the certificate relates; and

(b)the penalty is suitable for enforcement in Scotland.

(2)If the certificate states that the person against whom the decision has been made is normally resident in Scotland, the central authority for Scotland must give the documents mentioned in subsection (1)(a) to the designated officer of the competent authority for Scotland based upon the person's residence.

(3)If the certificate states otherwise than as mentioned in subsection (2), the central authority for Scotland must, subject to section 223P(2) and (3) of this Act, give those documents to the designated officer of such competent authority for Scotland as appears appropriate based on the terms of the certificate.

(4)Where the central authority for Scotland acts under subsection (2) or (3), the central authority for Scotland must also give the designated officer of the competent authority for Scotland mentioned in those subsections a notice—

(a)stating whether the central authority thinks that any of the grounds for refusal specified in Schedule 12 apply; and

(b)giving reasons for that opinion.

(5)Where the person required to pay the financial penalty is a body corporate or a partnership (including a Scottish partnership), subsection (2) applies as if the reference to the competent authority for Scotland were a reference to the competent authority for Scotland within whose jurisdiction it appears that the person has its registered office or, as the case may be, its principal office of the partnership.

(6)Where—

(a)the competent authority, or central authority, of the issuing State gives the central authority for England and Wales, or the central authority for Northern Ireland, the documents mentioned in subsection (1)(a); and

(b)without taking any action to enforce the financial penalty in England and Wales, or Northern Ireland, the central authority for England and Wales or, as the case may be, the central authority for Northern Ireland gives those documents to the central authority for Scotland;

this section applies as if the competent authority, or central authority, of the issuing State gave the documents to the central authority for Scotland.

(7)Schedule 11 to this Act, which specifies when a financial penalty is suitable for enforcement in Scotland for the purposes of subsection (1)(b), has effect.

[F146223FARequests from other member States: procedure where no certificateS

(1)Subsection (2) applies where—

(a)a requesting authority has—

(i)given the central authority for Scotland a decision, or a certified copy of a decision, requiring payment of a financial penalty; and

(ii)asked that the decision be enforced in any part of the United Kingdom under the Framework Decision on financial penalties; and

(b)the central authority for Scotland has not been given anything purporting to be a certificate relating to the decision.

(2)The central authority for Scotland must immediately notify the requesting authority that the decision will not be enforced in Scotland unless a certificate relating to the decision is given to the central authority for Scotland.

(3)For the purpose of this section, a requesting authority is to be treated as having given a decision, or a certified copy of a decision, requiring payment of a financial penalty to the central authority for Scotland if—

(a)the requesting authority gave the decision, or the certified copy, to—

(i)the central authority for England and Wales; or

(ii)the central authority for Northern Ireland; and

(b)the central authority given the decision, or the certified copy, by the requesting authority—

(i)has not taken any action to enforce the financial penalty; and

(ii)has given the decision, or the certified copy, to the central authority for Scotland.

(4)In this section, “requesting authority” means the competent authority, or central authority, of a member State other than the United Kingdom.]

F147223GRequests from other member States: return of certificateS

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

223HRequests from other member States: procedure on receipt of certificateS

(1)This section applies where the central authority for Scotland gives the designated officer of the competent authority for Scotland—

(a)a certificate, as mentioned in section 223F, requesting enforcement under the Framework Decision on financial penalties;

(b)the decision, or a certified copy of the decision, requiring payment of the financial penalty to which the certificate relates; and

(c)a notice under section 223F(4).

(2)The designated officer of the competent authority for Scotland must refer the matter to the competent authority for Scotland mentioned in section 223Q(2).

(3)The competent authority for Scotland must decide whether it is satisfied that any of the grounds for refusal, as mentioned in Schedule 12, apply.

[F148(3A)The competent authority for Scotland may not decide that a ground for refusal specified in subsection (3B) applies unless the authority which signed the certificate referred to in subsection (1)(a) has—

(a)been informed that the competent authority for Scotland may be minded to make that decision;

(b)been consulted; and

(c)where appropriate, been given an opportunity to supply any information that is necessary if the financial penalty is to be enforced in Scotland.

(3B)The specified grounds for refusal referred to in subsection (3A) are the grounds for refusal mentioned in [F149paragraphs 5A, 6 and 6A] of Schedule 12.]

F150(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)Schedule 12 to this Act, which specifies the grounds for refusal to enforce financial penalties for the purposes of subsection (3) and section 223F(4), has effect.

223IRequests from other member States: action undertaken under certificateS

(1)Where the competent authority for Scotland to whom a matter has been referred under section 223H(2) of this Act is satisfied that none of the grounds for refusal to enforce the financial penalty, as mentioned in Schedule 12, apply then the competent authority for Scotland shall forthwith, and without any further formality being required, seek the enforcement in Scotland of the financial penalty.

(2)Where the competent authority for Scotland to whom a matter has been referred under section 223H(2) of this Act is satisfied that one or more of the grounds for refusal to enforce the financial penalty as mentioned in Schedule 12 applies—

(a)the designated officer of the competent authority for Scotland shall return the documents mentioned in section 223H(1) to the central authority for Scotland; and

(b)subsection (3) shall apply.

(3)Where the documents have been given to the central authority for Scotland by virtue of subsection (2) the central authority for Scotland shall [F151immediately return any of them which are of a type mentioned in subsection (1)(a) of section 223F to the authority which signed the certificate referred to in that subsection.]

223JRequests from other member States: application of provisions in relation to finesS

Where section 223I(1) applies, the provisions of this Act specified in section 223K shall, subject to any necessary modifications and to the qualifications mentioned in that section, apply in relation to—

(a)

the financial penalties as they apply in relation to—

(i)

fines imposed by the High Court;

(ii)

sentences or decrees for fines or expenses pronounced by a sheriff court or JP court;

(iii)

fines adjudged to be paid by offenders; and

(b)

persons liable to pay financial penalties as they apply in relation to persons or offenders in relation to whom a fine has been imposed.

223KRequests from other member States: supplementary provisions in relation to finesS

(1)The provisions mentioned in section 223J are—

(a)section 199 (power to mitigate penalties), except that in subsection (2) the reference to the court shall be construed as a reference to the competent authority for Scotland;

(b)section 211(3) and (4) (enforcement of fines), except that—

(i)in paragraph (a) of subsection (3) the reference to the district in which the sentence or decree was pronounced shall be construed as a reference to the district in which the person required to pay the fine or expenses appears to be normally resident or have property or income or, in the case where that person is a body corporate or partnership (including a Scottish partnership), the district in which that person has its registered office or, as the case may be, its principal office of the partnership; and

(ii)in subsection (4) the reference to the district in which the person resides shall be construed as a reference to the district in which the person required to pay the fine appears to be normally resident or have property or income or, in the case where that person is a body corporate or partnership (including a Scottish partnership), the district in which that person has its registered office or, as the case may be, its principal office of the partnership;

(c)section 213 (power to remit fines), except that in paragraph (b) of subsection (1) the references to the court which imposed the fine and the court by which payment was first enforceable shall be construed as a reference to the competent authority for Scotland and subsection (2) shall be construed accordingly;

(d)section 215 (further time for payment), except that, in its application to financial penalties, the references in subsection (2) to the court specified in the transfer order (or, where relevant, the last transfer order) shall be construed as references to the competent authority for Scotland;

(e)section 216 (reasons for default), except that the court may only impose imprisonment on a person in default of payment of a financial penalty where section 223L applies;

(f)section 217 (supervision pending payment of fine), except that the court mentioned in that section may, in relation to the person who is liable to pay the financial penalty—

(i)place such a person under supervision by virtue of subsection (1) of that section; or

(ii)order the detention of such a person under 21 years of age as mentioned in subsection (5) of that section,

only where section 223L applies;

(g)section 219 (maximum period of imprisonment for non-payment of fine), but subject to the modification that the references to the maximum periods of imprisonment specified in the table in subsection (2) shall be construed as references to the maximum period as stated in the certificate;

(h)section 220 (payment of fine in part by prisoner), except that in subsection (3) the reference to the court in which the conviction was obtained shall be construed as a reference to the competent authority for Scotland;

(i)section 221 (recovery by civil diligence);

(j)section 224 (discharge from imprisonment to be specified); and

(k)sections 235 to 237 (supervised attendance).

(2)The competent authority for Scotland, and the designated officer of the competent authority, shall have all the like functions under this Act in respect of the financial penalty as if it were a penalty imposed by that competent authority.

223LRequests from other member States: action for enforcement where financial penalty not recoveredS

This section applies where—

(a)

a member State other than the United Kingdom has allowed for—

(i)

supervision pending payment of the financial penalty;

(ii)

the imposition of a supervised attendance order, or detention or imprisonment in default of payment of the financial penalty,

within the certificate referred to in section 223F; and

(b)

that measure does not exceed any maximum level for such disposal as specified in that certificate.

223MRequests from other member States: application of provisions relating to orders for compensationS

Where section 223I(1) applies, the provisions of this Act specified in section 223N shall, subject to any necessary modifications and to the qualifications mentioned in that section, apply in relation to financial penalties as they apply in relation to any sum payable under compensation orders imposed under section 249 of this Act.

223NRequests from other member States: supplementary provisions in relation to orders for compensationS

The provisions mentioned in section 223M are—

(a)

section 249(9) (payment of sum payable under compensation order), but that section is subject to section 223S of this Act;

(b)

section 250(2) to (4) (compensation orders: supplementary provisions);

(c)

section 251 (review of compensation order), except that in paragraph (b) of subsection (2) the reference to the court which made the compensation order, or by which the order was first enforceable, shall be construed as a reference to the competent authority for Scotland in respect of which the financial penalty was referred under section 223H(2);

(d)

section 252 (enforcement of compensation orders), except that the provisions listed in subsection (2), as modified and qualified, shall be construed as if the modifications and qualifications made to the provisions which are listed in section 223K have been so made; and

(e)

section 253(3) (award of damages in civil proceedings subsequent to imposition of compensation order).

223ORequests from other member States: application of provisions relating to fixed penaltiesS

(1)Where section 223I(1) applies, the provision of this Act specified in subsection (2) shall, subject to any necessary modifications and to the qualifications mentioned in that subsection, apply in relation to the financial penalties as it applies in relation to any sums payable under fixed penalties issued under this Act.

(2)The provision mentioned in subsection (1) is section 303(1) to (3) (fixed penalty: enforcement) of this Act, except that—

(a)the references to fixed penalty offers and compensation offers shall be construed as references to financial penalties; and

(b)the modifications and qualifications made by section 223K to the provisions as specified there shall be applicable where those provisions of this Act apply by virtue of section 303 of this Act.

223PTransfer of certificates to central authority for England and Wales, or to central authority for Northern IrelandS

(1)This section applies where—

(a)the competent authority, or central authority, of a member State other than the United Kingdom gives the central authority for Scotland—

(i)a certificate requesting enforcement under the Framework Decision on financial penalties; and

(ii)the decision, or a certified copy of the decision, requiring payment of the financial penalty to which the certificate relates; but

(b)the central authority for Scotland is not required by section 223F(2) or (3) to give the documents to the competent authority for Scotland.

(2)If the certificate states that the person to whom the certificate relates is normally resident or has property or income in England or Wales only or, in the case of a body corporate or partnership, has its registered office or its principal office of the partnership there, the central authority for Scotland may give the documents to the central authority for England and Wales.

(3)If the certificate states that the person is normally resident or has property or income in Northern Ireland only or, in the case of a body corporate or partnership, has its registered office or its principal office of the partnership there, the central authority for Scotland may give the documents to the central authority for Northern Ireland.

223QThe competent authority for ScotlandS

(1)In sections 223A to 223E of this Act “the competent authority for Scotland” is—

(a)in respect of a financial penalty mentioned in—

(i)section 223A(5)(a) or (d) of this Act;

(ii)paragraph (h) of subsection (5) of section 223A of this Act, where that financial penalty is imposed in connection with proceedings relating to a conviction mentioned in paragraph (d) of that subsection,

the court in respect of which the financial penalty was imposed or pronounced;

(b)in respect of a financial penalty mentioned in section 223A(5)(b) or (c) of this Act, the court the clerk of which is specified in the notice issued under section 302 or, as the case may be, 302A of this Act;

(c)in respect of a financial penalty mentioned in—

(i)section 223A(5)(e); or

(ii)paragraph (h) of subsection (5) of section 223A, where that financial penalty is imposed in connection with proceedings relating to a conviction as mentioned in paragraph (e) of that subsection,

the court specified in the transfer of fine order made under section 90 of the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 or Article 95 of the Magistrates' Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 as being the court by which the financial penalty is enforceable;

(d)in respect of a financial penalty mentioned in section 223A(5)(f) of this Act—

(i)the court in which the financial penalty has been registered for enforcement by virtue of section 71(2)(a) of the Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988 F152; or

(ii)the court in respect of which the registration certificate, as mentioned in section 71(2) of the Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988, has been sent by virtue of section 71(2)(b) of that Act; and

(e)in respect of a financial penalty mentioned in section 223A(5)(g) of this Act, the JP court specified in the fixed penalty notice which has been issued by virtue of section 129 of the Antisocial Behaviour (Scotland) Act 2004.

(2)In sections 223F, 223H, 223I, 223K, 223P and 223S “the competent authority for Scotland” is—

(a)the sheriff; or

(b)the JP court;

having jurisdiction for the area in respect of which the person to whom the certificate is issued under section 223F(1) relates appears to normally reside or have property or income, or in the case of a body corporate or a partnership (including a Scottish partnership) the area in respect of which the person has its registered office or, as the case may be, its principal office of the partnership.

Textual Amendments

F1521988 c.53; section 71 was amended by the Access to Justice Act 1999 (c.22), section 90, Schedule 13, paragraph 150(2).

223RAccrual of monies obtained from the enforcement of financial penaltiesS

(1)Subject to subsection (4), where a certificate requesting enforcement under the Framework Decision on financial penalties has been—

(a)issued under sections 223A or 226HA(4) of this Act, subsection (2) shall apply; or

(b)received under section 223F of this Act, subsection (3) shall apply.

(2)Where this subsection applies the sum in respect of which the financial penalty relates shall be paid and treated as if that penalty were a penalty imposed in the member State other than the United Kingdom to which the certificate was issued.

(3)Where this subsection applies the sum in respect of which the financial penalty relates shall be paid and treated as if that penalty had been imposed or pronounced on the liable person or otherwise adjudged to be paid by that person under this Act.

(4)This section shall not apply where—

(a)an agreement has been made between the United Kingdom and the member State other than the United Kingdom in respect of the treatment of the financial penalty, and that agreement provides for payment otherwise than as provided for in subsection (2) or (3); or

(b)the financial penalty is one in respect of which section 223S applies.

223STreatment of compensation moniesS

(1)This section applies to those financial penalties mentioned in—

(a)section 223A(5)(a) and (c) of this Act; and

(b)Article 1(b)(ii) and (iv) of the Framework Decision on financial penalties.

(2)Payment of any sum under a financial penalty mentioned in subsection (1) shall be made by the central authority for Scotland or, as the case may be, by the competent authority for Scotland—

(a)to the victim; or

(b)in cases where the victim resides outwith Scotland, to the central authority of the member State, other than the United Kingdom, in which the victim of the offence to which the financial penalty relates resides.

(3)In this section “victim” has the same meaning as given in section 249(1A) of this Act.

223TInterpretation of sections 223A to 223SS

(1)In sections 223A to 223S of this Act—

  • central authority”, in relation to a member State other than the United Kingdom, means an authority designated by that member State as a central authority for the purposes of the Framework Decision on financial penalties;

  • central authority for England and Wales” means the authority designated for England and Wales as the central authority for the purposes of the Framework Decision on financial penalties;

  • central authority for Northern Ireland” means the authority designated for Northern Ireland as the central authority for the purposes of the Framework Decision on financial penalties;

  • central authority for Scotland” means the sheriff clerk of Lothian and Borders at Edinburgh;

  • certificate” means the certificate as is provided for by Article 4 of the Framework Decision on financial penalties;

  • decision” shall have the meaning given in Article 1 of the Framework Decision on financial penalties;

  • Framework Decision on financial penalties” means Council Framework Decision 2005/214/JHAof 24 February 2005 on the application of the principle of mutual recognition to financial penalties [F153as amended by Council Framework Decision 2009/299/JHA ]; and

  • member State” means a member State of the European Union.

(2)Unless the context otherwise requires, in sections 223F to 223P, 223R and 223S of this Act “financial penalty” has the same meaning as given in Article 1(b) of the Framework Decision on financial penalties.

(3)In sections 223A to 223C of this Act, “designated officer” of the competent authority for Scotland—

(a)in the case of financial penalties mentioned in—

(i)section 223A(5)(a) or (d) of this Act; and

(ii)paragraph (h) of subsection (5) of section 223A of this Act, where that financial penalty is imposed in connection with proceedings relating to a conviction mentioned in paragraph (d) of that subsection,

means the clerk of court in respect of which the financial penalty was imposed or pronounced;

(b)in the case of financial penalties mentioned in section 223A(5)(b) or (c) of this Act means the clerk of court specified in the notice, issued under section 302 or 302A, respectively, of this Act;

(c)in the case of financial penalties mentioned in—

(i)section 223A(5)(e) of this Act; and

(ii)paragraph (h) of subsection (5) of section 223A of this Act, where that financial penalty is imposed in connection with proceedings relating to a conviction as mentioned in paragraph (e) of that subsection,

means the clerk of the court specified in the transfer of fine order made under section 90 of the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 or Article 95 of the Magistrates' Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 to which the financial penalty has been transferred for enforcement;

(d)in the case of financial penalties mentioned in section 223A(5)(f) of this Act means—

(i)the clerk of the court in which the financial penalty has been registered for enforcement by virtue of section 71(2)(a) of the Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988; or

(ii)the clerk of the court in respect of which the registration certificate, as mentioned in section 71(2) of the Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988, has been sent by virtue of section 71(2)(b) of that Act;

(e)in the case of financial penalties mentioned in section 223A(5)(g) of this Act, means the clerk of the JP court specified in the fixed penalty notice which has been issued by virtue of section 129 of the Antisocial Behaviour (Scotland) Act 2004; and

(f)in the case of a FEO acting in accordance with section 226HA of this Act, is to be construed as if references to such an officer were references to a FEO.

(4)In sections 223F, 223H, 223I and 223K of this Act, “designated officer” of the competent authority for Scotland means the clerk of the court mentioned in section 223Q(2) of this Act or, as the case may be, a FEO acting in accordance with section 226A to 226G of this Act in respect of a financial penalty.]

[F154Fines: discharge from imprisonment and penaltiesS

Textual Amendments

F154Ss. 223A-223T and cross-headings inserted (12.10.2009) by The Mutual Recognition of Criminal Financial Penalties in the European Union (Scotland) Order 2009 (S.S.I. 2009/342), art. 3 (with art. 2)

224 Discharge from imprisonment to be specified.S

All warrants of imprisonment in default of payment of a fine, or on failure to find caution, shall specify a period at the expiry of which the person sentenced shall be discharged, notwithstanding the fine has not been paid, or caution found.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C25S. 224 applied (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 43, ss. 14(2)(k), 50(2)

S. 224 applied (24.3.2003) by Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c. 29), ss. 118(1)(2)(k), 458; S.S.I. 2003/210, art. 2 (with transitional provisions in arts. 3-7)

225 Penalties: standard scale, prescribed sum and uprating.S

(1) There shall be a standard scale of fines for offences triable only summarily, which shall be known as “ the standard scale ”.

(2)The standard scale is shown below—

Level on the scaleAmount of Fine
1£ 200
2£ 500
3£1,000
4£2,500
5£5,000

(3)Any reference in any enactment, whenever passed or made, to a specified level on the standard scale shall be construed as referring to the amount which corresponds to that level on the standard scale referred to in subsection (2) above.

(4)If it appears to the Secretary of State that there has been a change in the value of money since the relevant date, he may by order substitute for the sum or sums for the time being specified in the provisions mentioned in subsection (5) below such other sum or sums as appear to him justified by the change.

(5)The provisions referred to in subsection (4) above are—

(a)subsection (2) above;

(b)subsection (8) below;

(c)section 219(2) of this Act;

(d)column 5 or 6 of Schedule 4 to the M23Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 so far as the column in question relates to the offences under provisions of that Act specified in column 1 of that Schedule in respect of which the maximum fines were increased by Part II of Schedule 8 to the M24Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994.

(6) In subsection (4) above “ the relevant date ” means—

(a)in relation to the first order made under that subsection, the date the last order was made under section 289D(1) of the M25Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1975; and

(b)in relation to each subsequent order, the date of the previous order.

(7)An order under subsection (4) above—

(a)shall be made by statutory instrument subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament and may be revoked by a subsequent order thereunder; and

(b)without prejudice to Schedule 14 to the M26Criminal Law Act 1977, shall not affect the punishment for an offence committed before that order comes into force.

(8) In this Act “ the prescribed sum ” means [F155 £10,000 ] or such sum as is for the time being substituted in this definition by an order in force under subsection (4) above.

Textual Amendments

F155Words in s. 225(8) substituted (10.12.2007) by Criminal Proceedings etc. (Reform) (Scotland) Act 2007 (asp 6), ss. 48, 84; S.S.I. 2007/479, art. 3(1), Sch. (subject to art. 12) (as amended by S.S.I. 2007/527)

Marginal Citations

226 Penalties: exceptionally high maximum fines.S

(1)The Secretary of State may by order amend an enactment specifying a sum to which this subsection applies so as to substitute for that sum such other sum as appears to him—

(a)to be justified by a change in the value of money appearing to him to have taken place since the last occasion on which the sum in question was fixed; or

(b)to be appropriate to take account of an order altering the standard scale which has been made or is proposed to be made.

(2)Subsection (1) above applies to any sum which—

(a)is higher than level 5 on the standard scale; and

(b)is specified as the fine or the maximum fine which may be imposed on conviction of an offence which is triable only summarily.

(3)The Secretary of State may by order amend an enactment specifying a sum to which this subsection applies so as to substitute for that sum such other sum as appears to him—

(a)to be justified by a change in the value of money appearing to him to have taken place since the last occasion on which the sum in question was fixed; or

(b)to be appropriate to take account of an order made or proposed to be made altering the statutory maximum.

(4)Subsection (3) above applies to any sum which—

(a)is higher than the statutory maximum; and

(b)is specified as the maximum fine which may be imposed on summary conviction of an offence triable either on indictment or summarily.

(5)An order under this section—

(a)shall be made by statutory instrument subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament; and

(b)shall not affect the punishment for an offence committed before that order comes into force.

(6) In this section “ enactment ” includes an enactment contained in an Act or subordinate instrument passed or made after the commencement of this Act. ]

[F156Enforcement of fines etc.: fines enforcement officersS

Textual Amendments

F156Ss. 226A-226I and preceding cross-heading inserted (10.3.2008 for certain purposes and otherwise prosp.) by Criminal Proceedings etc. (Reform) (Scotland) Act 2007 (asp 6), ss. 55, 84; S.I. 2008/42, art. 3, Sch.

226AFines enforcement officersS

(1)The Scottish Ministers may authorise persons (including classes of person) to act as fines enforcement officers for any or all of the purposes of this section and sections 226B to 226H of this Act.

(2)A FEO has the general functions of—

(a)providing information and advice to offenders as regards payment of relevant penalties;

(b)securing compliance of offenders with enforcement orders (including as varied under section 226C(1) of this Act).

(3)Where an offender is subject to two or more relevant penalties, a FEO—

(a)in exercising the function conferred by subsection (2)(b) above;

(b)in considering whether or not to vary an enforcement order under section 226C(1) of this Act,

shall have regard to that fact and to the total amount which the offender is liable to pay in respect of them.

(4)Where an enforcement order as respects an offender has been made in a sheriff court district other than that in which the offender resides, a FEO for the district in which the offender resides may (whether or not those districts are in the same sheriffdom) take responsibility for exercising functions in relation to the order.

(5)A FEO taking responsibility for exercising functions by virtue of subsection (4) above is to notify that fact to—

(a)the offender; and

(b)any FEO for the district in which the enforcement order was made.

(6)Notification under subsection (5)(b) above has the effect of transferring functions in relation to the enforcement order—

(a)from any FEO for the district in which the order was made; and

(b)to a FEO for the district in which the offender resides.

(7)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make further provision as to FEOs and their functions.

(8)Regulations under subsection (7) above are not made unless a draft of the statutory instrument containing the regulations has been laid before, and approved by a resolution of, the Scottish Parliament.

226BEnforcement ordersS

(1)When a court grants time to pay (or further time to pay) a relevant penalty (or an instalment of it) under section 214 or 215 of this Act, the court shall make an enforcement order under this subsection in relation to payment of the penalty.

(2)Despite subsection (1) above, a court need not make an enforcement order where it considers that it would not be appropriate to do so in the circumstances of the case.

(3)Where, by virtue of subsection (2) above, a court does not make an enforcement order under subsection (1) above, it may subsequently make an enforcement order under that subsection in relation to payment of the penalty.

(4)Where—

(a)a person has accepted (or is deemed to have accepted)—

(i)a fixed penalty offer under section 302(1) of this Act; or

(ii)a compensation offer under section 302A(1) of this Act; and

(b)payment (or payment of an instalment) has not been made as required by the offer,

the relevant court may make an enforcement order under this subsection in relation to the payment due.

(5)Where—

(a)a person is liable to pay—

(i)a fixed penalty notice given under section 54 (giving notices for fixed penalty offences), or section 62 (fixing notices to vehicles) of the Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988 (c. 53), which has been registered under section 71 of that Act; or

(ii)by virtue of section 131(5) of the Antisocial Behaviour etc. (Scotland) Act 2004 (asp 8), a fixed penalty notice given under section 129 (fixed penalty notices) of that Act; and

(b)payment (or payment of an instalment) has not been made as required by the penalty,

the relevant court may make an enforcement order under this subsection in relation to the payment due.

(6)Where there is transferred to a court in Scotland a fine—

(a)imposed by a court in England and Wales; and

(b)in relation to which a collection order (within the meaning of Part 4 of Schedule 5 to the Courts Act 2003 (c. 39)) has been made,

the relevant court may make an enforcement order under this subsection in relation to payment of the fine.

[F157(6A)Where—

(a)a certificate requesting enforcement under the Framework Decision on financial penalties and a decision, or a certified copy of the decision, requiring payment of the financial penalty to which the certificate relates has been referred to the competent authority for Scotland by virtue of section 223H(2) of this Act; and

(b)by virtue of section 223I(1) the competent authority for Scotland is satisfied that none of the grounds for refusal to enforce the financial penalty as specified in Schedule 12 to this Act apply,

the relevant court may make an enforcement order under this subsection in relation to payment of the financial penalty (which, for the purposes of this subsection, is deemed to be a relevant penalty).]

(7)An enforcement order under subsection (4), (5) [F158, (6) or (6A)] above may be made—

(a)on the oral or written application of the clerk of court; and

(b)without the offender being present.

(8)An enforcement order shall—

(a)state the amount of the relevant penalty;

(b)require payment of the relevant penalty in accordance with—

(i)such arrangements as to the amount of the instalments by which the relevant penalty should be paid and as to the intervals at which such instalments should be paid;

(ii)such other arrangements,

as the order may specify;

(c)provide contact details for the FEO dealing with the enforcement order;

(d)explain the effect of the enforcement order.

(9)Where a court makes (or is to make) an enforcement order in relation to a fine—

(a)a court may not impose imprisonment—

(i)under section 214(4) of this Act; or

(ii)under section 219(1) of this Act,

in respect of the fine;

(b)a court may not—

(i)allow further time for payment under subsection (9)(a) of section 214 of this Act; or

(ii)make an order under subsection (9)(b) of that section,

in respect of the fine;

(c)the offender may not make an application under section 215(1) of this Act in respect of the fine.

(10)Paragraphs (a) to (c) of subsection (9) above apply for so long as the enforcement order continues to have effect.

(11)An enforcement order ceases to have effect if—

(a)the relevant penalty is paid (including by application of any proceeds of enforcement action); or

(b)it is revoked under section 226G(9)(a) of this Act.

Textual Amendments

F157S. 226B(6A) inserted (12.10.2009) by The Mutual Recognition of Criminal Financial Penalties in the European Union (Scotland) Order 2009 (S.S.I. 2009/342), art. 5(a) (with art. 2)

F158Words in s. 226B(7) substituted (12.10.2009) by The Mutual Recognition of Criminal Financial Penalties in the European Union (Scotland) Order 2009 (S.S.I. 2009/342), art. 5(b) (with art. 2)

226CVariation for further time to payS

(1)A FEO dealing with an enforcement order may—

(a)on the application of the offender; and

(b)having regard to the circumstances of the offender,

vary the arrangements specified in the order for payment of the relevant penalty.

(2)That is, by—

(a)allowing the offender further time to pay the penalty (or any instalment of it);

(b)allowing the offender to pay the penalty by instalments of such lesser amounts, or at such longer intervals, as those specified in the enforcement order.

(3)An application by an offender for the purpose of subsection (1) above may be made orally or in writing.

(4)A FEO shall notify the offender concerned of any—

(a)variation under subsection (1) above;

(b)refusal of an application for variation under that subsection.

226DSeizure of vehiclesS

(1)A FEO may, for the purpose mentioned in subsection (2) below, direct that a motor vehicle belonging to the offender be—

(a)immobilised;

(b)impounded.

(2)The purpose is of obtaining the amount of a relevant penalty which has not been paid in accordance with an enforcement order.

(3)For the purposes of this section—

(a)a vehicle belongs to an offender if it is registered under the Vehicle Excise and Registration Act 1994 (c. 22) in the offender's name;

(b)a reference—

(i)to a vehicle being immobilised is to its being fitted with an immobilisation device in accordance with regulations made under subsection (12) below;

(ii)to a vehicle being impounded is to its being taken to a place of custody in accordance with regulations made under that subsection;

(c) a direction under subsection (1) above is referred to as a “ seizure order ”.

(4)A FEO shall notify the offender concerned that a seizure order has been carried out.

(5)Where—

(a)a seizure order has been carried out; and

(b)at the end of such period as may be specified in regulations made under subsection (12) below, any part of the relevant penalty remains unpaid,

a FEO may apply to the relevant court for an order under subsection (6) below.

(6)The court may make an order under this subsection—

(a)for the sale or other disposal of the vehicle in accordance with regulations made under subsection (12) below;

(b)for any proceeds of the disposal to be applied in accordance with regulations made under that subsection in payment of or towards the unpaid amount of the relevant penalty;

(c)for any remainder of those proceeds to be applied in accordance with regulations made under that subsection in payment of or towards any reasonable expenses incurred by the FEO in relation to the seizure order;

(d)subject to paragraphs (b) and (c) above, for any balance to be given to the offender.

(7)Where, before a vehicle which is the subject of a seizure order is disposed of—

(a)a third party claims to own the vehicle; and

(b)either—

(i)a FEO is satisfied that the claim is valid (and that there are no reasonable grounds for believing that the claim is disputed by the offender or any other person from whose possession the vehicle was taken); or

(ii)the sheriff, on an application by the third party, makes an order that the sheriff is so satisfied,

the seizure order ceases to have effect.

(8)An application for the purposes of subsection (7)(b)(ii) above does not preclude any other proceedings for recovery of the vehicle.

(9)A person commits an offence if, without lawful authority or reasonable excuse, the person removes or attempts to remove—

(a)an immobilisation device fitted;

(b)a notice fixed,

to a motor vehicle in pursuance of a seizure order.

(10)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (9) above is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(11)A seizure order must not be made in respect of a vehicle—

(a)which displays a valid disabled person's badge; or

(b)in relation to which there are reasonable grounds for believing that it is used primarily for the carriage of a disabled person.

(12)The Scottish Ministers may make regulations for the purposes of and in connection with this section.

(13)Regulations under subsection (12) above may, in particular, include provision—

(a)as to circumstances in which a seizure order may (or may not) be made;

(b)as regards the value of a vehicle seizable compared to the amount of a relevant penalty which is unpaid;

(c)by reference to subsection (3)(a) and (7) above or otherwise, for protecting the interests of owners of vehicles apart from offenders;

(d)relating to subsections (3)(b), (5)(b) and (6) above;

(e)as to the fixing of notices to vehicles to which an immobilisation device has been fitted;

(f)as to the keeping and release of vehicles immobilised or impounded (including as to conditions of release);

(g)as to the payment of reasonable fees, charges or other costs in relation to—

(i)the immobilisation or impounding of vehicles;

(ii)the keeping, release or disposal of vehicles immobilised or impounded.

(14)Regulations under subsection (12) above shall be made by statutory instrument subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the Scottish Parliament.

(15)In this section—

  • disabled person's badge ” means a badge issued, or having effect as if issued, under regulations made under section 21 of the Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons Act 1970 (c. 44);

  • immobilisation device ” has the same meaning as in section 104(9) of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (c. 27);

  • motor vehicle ” means a mechanically propelled vehicle intended or adapted for use on roads (except that section 189 of the Road Traffic Act 1988 (c. 52) applies for the purposes of this section as it applies for the purposes of that Act).

226EDeduction from benefitsS

(1)A FEO may, for the purpose mentioned in subsection (2) below, request the relevant court to make an application under regulations made under section 24(1)(a) of the Criminal Justice Act 1991 (c. 53) for deductions as described in that section.

(2)The purpose is of obtaining the amount of a relevant penalty which has not been paid in accordance with an enforcement order.

226FPowers of diligenceS

(1)When a court makes an enforcement order, it shall grant a warrant for civil diligence in the form prescribed by Act of Adjournal.

(2)A warrant granted under subsection (1) above authorises a FEO to execute the types of diligence mentioned in subsection (3) below for the purpose mentioned in subsection (4) below.

(3)The types of diligence are—

(a)arrestment of earnings; and

(b)arrestment of funds standing in accounts held at any bank or other financial institution.

(4)The purpose is of obtaining the amount of a relevant penalty which has not been paid in accordance with an enforcement order.

(5)The types of diligence mentioned in subsection (3) above may (whatever the amount of the relevant penalty concerned) be executed by an FEO in the same manner as if authorised by a warrant granted by the sheriff in a summary cause.

(6)However, the power of FEOs to execute the types of diligence mentioned in subsection (3) above is subject to such provision as the Scottish Ministers may by regulations make.

(7)Provision in regulations under subsection (6) above may, in particular—

(a)specify circumstances in which the types of diligence mentioned in subsection (3) above are (or are not) to be executed by a FEO;

(b)modify the application of any enactment (including subsection (5) above) or rule of law applying in relation to those types of diligence in so far as they may be executed by a FEO.

(8)Regulations under subsection (6) above shall be made by statutory instrument subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the Scottish Parliament.

226GReference of case to courtS

(1)A FEO may refer an enforcement order to the relevant court where—

(a)the FEO believes that payment of a relevant penalty, or any remaining part of a relevant penalty, to which an enforcement order relates is unlikely to be obtained;

(b)for any other reason (including failure of the offender to co-operate with the FEO) the FEO considers it expedient to do so.

(2)A FEO may make a reference under subsection (1) above at any time from the day after the enforcement order is made.

(3)When making a reference under subsection (1) above, the FEO shall provide the court with a report on the circumstances of the case.

(4)A report under subsection (3) above shall include, in particular—

(a)a copy of any report from a supervising officer received by the FEO under section 217(9) of this Act; and

(b)information about—

(i)the steps taken by the enforcement officer to obtain payment of or towards the relevant penalty; and

(ii)any effort (or lack of effort) made by the offender to make payment of or towards the penalty.

(5)Where a reference is made under subsection (1) above, the relevant court shall enquire of the offender as to the reason why the relevant penalty (or an instalment of it) has not been paid.

(6)Subsection (5) above does not apply where the offender is in prison.

(7)Subsections (3) to (7) of section 216 of this Act apply in relation to subsection (5) above as they apply in relation to subsection (1) of that section.

(8)After the court has considered—

(a)the report provided by the FEO under subsection (3) above; and

(b)any information obtained by enquiry under subsection (5) above,

the court may dispose of the case as mentioned in subsection (9) below.

(9)That is, the court may—

(a)revoke the enforcement order and deal with the offender as if the enforcement order had never been made;

(b)vary the enforcement order;

(c)confirm the enforcement order as previously made;

(d)direct the FEO to take specified steps to secure payment of or towards the relevant penalty in accordance with the enforcement order (including as varied under paragraph (b) above);

(e)make such other order as it thinks fit.

226HReview of actions of FEOS

(1)The offender may apply to the relevant court for review—

(a)in relation to an enforcement order—

(i)of any variation under section 226C(1) of this Act;

(ii)of any refusal of an application for variation under that section;

(b)of the making of a seizure order under section 226D(1) of this Act.

(2)An application under subsection (1) above requires to be made within 7 days of notification under section 226C(4) of this Act or (as the case may be) section 226D(4) of this Act.

(3)On an application under subsection (1) above, the relevant court may—

(a)confirm, vary or quash the decision of the FEO;

(b)make such other order as it thinks fit.

[F159226HA Judicial co-operation in criminal matters: mutual recognition of financial penalties: requests to other member States

(1)Subsection (4) applies where—

(a)an offender is subject to a relevant penalty (including such a penalty in relation to the payment of which an enforcement order has been made);

(b)the relevant penalty is not paid (or, where relevant, has not been paid in accordance with the enforcement order);

(c)there is no appeal outstanding in relation to the relevant penalty;

(d)a FEO is exercising (or intends to exercise) the function conferred—

(i)by paragraph (a) of section 226A(2) of this Act in respect of the relevant penalty; or

(ii)by paragraph (b) of that section in respect of any enforcement order relating to the relevant penalty; and

(e)it appears to the FEO that the offender is normally resident, or has property or income, in a member State of the European Union other than the United Kingdom.

(2)For the purposes of subsection (1)(c), there is no appeal outstanding in relation to a financial penalty if—

(a)no appeal has been brought in relation to the imposition of the financial penalty within the time allowed for making such an appeal; or

(b)such an appeal has been brought but the proceedings on appeal have been concluded.

(3)In subsections (1)(c) and (2) “appeal” in respect of financial penalties mentioned in section 223A(5)(b) and (c) includes a request made under section 302C of this Act that such a penalty be recalled.

(4)The FEO may issue a certificate as mentioned in section 223A(1) of this Act.

(5)Subsection (4) does not apply where the designated officer of the competent authority for Scotland has issued such a certificate in respect of the financial penalty.

(6)The FEO must give the central authority for Scotland any certificate issued under subsection (4), together with a copy, or extract, of the decision requiring payment of the relevant penalty.

(7)Where the central authority for Scotland receives the documents mentioned in subsection (6) above, subsections (3) to (6) of section 223B of this Act apply as if the documents had been given under subsection (2) of that section.]

Textual Amendments

F159S. 226HA inserted (12.10.2009) by The Mutual Recognition of Criminal Financial Penalties in the European Union (Scotland) Order 2009 (S.S.I. 2009/342), art. 4 (with art. 2)

226IEnforcement of fines etc.: interpretationS

(1)[F160Subject to subsection (1A), in] this section and sections 226A to [F161226HA] of this Act—

  • [F162central authority for Scotland ” means the sheriff clerk of Lothian and Borders at Edinburgh;

  • certificate ” has the meaning given in section 223T(1) of this Act;

  • competent authority for Scotland ” is to be construed in accordance with section 223Q of this Act;

  • decision ” has the meaning given in section 223T(1) of this Act; ]

  • enforcement order ” is to be construed in accordance with section 226B(1) and (4) to [F163 (6A) ] of this Act;

  • FEO ” means a fines enforcement officer;

  • [F164financial penalty ” has the meaning given in Article 1(b) of the Framework Decision on financial penalties;

  • Framework Decision on financial penalties ” has the meaning given in section 223T(1) of this Act; ]

  • offender ” means the person who is liable to pay a relevant penalty;

  • “relevant court”—

    (a)

    in the case of a fine or compensation order, means—

    (i)

    the court which imposed the penalty; or

    (ii)

    where the penalty is transferred to another court, that other court;

    (b)

    in the case of another relevant penalty (apart from a penalty specified by order for the purposes of this section), means—

    (i)

    the court whose clerk is specified in the notice to the offender; or

    (ii)

    where the penalty is transferred to another court, that other court;

    (c)

    in the case of a penalty specified by order for the purposes of this section, means—

    (i)

    the court whose clerk is specified in the notice to the offender;

    (ii)

    where the penalty is transferred to another court, that other court; or

    (iii)

    such other court as the order may specify for those purposes;

    (d)

    [F165in the case of a penalty in respect of which subsection (6A) applies, means the competent authority for Scotland to which the documents mentioned in that subsection have been referred in accordance with section 223H(2) of this Act. ]

  • relevant penalty ” means—

    (a)

    a fine;

    (b)

    a compensation order imposed under section 249 of this Act;

    (c)

    a fixed penalty offer made under section 302(1) of this Act;

    (d)

    a compensation offer made under section 302A(1) of this Act;

    (e)

    a fixed penalty notice given under section 54 (giving notices for fixed penalty offences) or section 62 (fixing notices to vehicles) of the Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988 (c. 53);

    (f)

    a fixed penalty notice given under section 129 (fixed penalty notices) of the Antisocial Behaviour etc. (Scotland) Act 2004 (asp 8);

    (g)

    such other penalty as the Scottish Ministers may by order specify for the purposes of this section.

[F166(1A)Unless the context otherwise requires, in this section and in sections 226A to 226H of this Act “relevant penalty”, where a FEO is acting in a case in respect of which section 226B(6A) applies, has the same meaning as “financial penalty.]

(2)An order specifying a penalty or a court for the purpose of this section shall be made by statutory instrument which shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the Scottish Parliament.]

Textual Amendments

F160Words in s. 226I(1) substituted (12.10.2009) by The Mutual Recognition of Criminal Financial Penalties in the European Union (Scotland) Order 2009 (S.S.I. 2009/342), art. 6(a)(i) (with art. 2)

F161Word in s. 226I(1) substituted (12.10.2009) by The Mutual Recognition of Criminal Financial Penalties in the European Union (Scotland) Order 2009 (S.S.I. 2009/342), art. 6(a)(ii) (with art. 2)

F162S. 226I(1): definitions inserted (12.10.2009) by The Mutual Recognition of Criminal Financial Penalties in the European Union (Scotland) Order 2009 (S.S.I. 2009/342), art. 6(a)(iii) (with art. 2)

F163Word in s. 226I(1) substituted (12.10.2009) by The Mutual Recognition of Criminal Financial Penalties in the European Union (Scotland) Order 2009 (S.S.I. 2009/342), art. 6(a)(iv) (with art. 2)

F164S. 226I(1): definitions inserted (12.10.2009) by The Mutual Recognition of Criminal Financial Penalties in the European Union (Scotland) Order 2009 (S.S.I. 2009/342), art. 6(a)(v) (with art. 2)

F165S. 226I(1): Words in the definition of "relevant court" inserted (12.10.2009) by The Mutual Recognition of Criminal Financial Penalties in the European Union (Scotland) Order 2009 (S.S.I. 2009/342), art. 6(a)(vi) (with art. 2)

F166S. 226I(1A) inserted (12.10.2009) by The Mutual Recognition of Criminal Financial Penalties in the European Union (Scotland) Order 2009 (S.S.I. 2009/342), {art. 6(b} (with art. 2)

CautionS

227 Caution.S

Where a person is convicted on indictment of an offence (other than an offence the sentence for which is fixed by law) the court may, instead of or in addition to imposing a fine or a period of imprisonment, ordain the accused to find caution for good behaviour for a period not exceeding 12 months and to such amount as the court considers appropriate.

[F167Community payback ordersS

Textual Amendments

F167Ss. 227A-227ZN and cross-headings inserted (1.2.2011 except for the insertion of s. 227ZM, 1.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp 13), ss. 14(1), 206(1); S.S.I. 2010/413, art. 2, sch. (with art. 3(1))

227ACommunity payback ordersS

(1)Where a person (the “offender”) is convicted of an offence punishable by imprisonment, the court may, instead of imposing a sentence of imprisonment, impose a community payback order on the offender.

(2)A community payback order is an order imposing one or more of the following requirements—

(a)an offender supervision requirement,

(b)a compensation requirement,

(c)an unpaid work or other activity requirement,

(d)a programme requirement,

(e)a residence requirement,

(f)a mental health treatment requirement,

(g)a drug treatment requirement,

(h)an alcohol treatment requirement,

(i)a conduct requirement.

(3)Subsection (4) applies where—

(a)a person (the “offender”) is convicted of an offence punishable by a fine (whether or not it is also punishable by imprisonment), and

(b)where the offence is also punishable by imprisonment, the court decides not to impose—

(i)a sentence of imprisonment, or

(ii)a community payback order under subsection (1) instead of a sentence of imprisonment.

(4)The court may, instead of or as well as imposing a fine, impose a community payback order on the offender imposing one or more of the following requirements—

(a)an offender supervision requirement,

(b)a level 1 unpaid work or other activity requirement,

(c)a conduct requirement.

(5)A justice of the peace court may only impose a community payback order imposing one or more of the following requirements—

(a)an offender supervision requirement,

(b)a compensation requirement,

(c)an unpaid work or other activity requirement,

(d)a residence requirement,

(e)a conduct requirement.

(6)Subsection (5)(c) is subject to section 227J(4).

(7)The Scottish Ministers may by order made by statutory instrument amend subsection (5) so as to add to or omit requirements that may be imposed by a community payback order imposed by a justice of the peace court.

(8)An order is not to be made under subsection (7) unless a draft of the statutory instrument containing the order has been laid before and approved by resolution of the Scottish Parliament.

(9)In this section and sections 227B to 227ZK, except where the context requires otherwise—

  • court ” means the High Court, the sheriff or a justice of the peace court,

  • imprisonment ” includes detention.

227BCommunity payback order: procedure prior to impositionS

(1)This section applies where a court is considering imposing a community payback order on an offender.

(2)The court must not impose the order unless it is of the opinion that the offence, or the combination of the offence and one or more offences associated with it, was serious enough to warrant the imposition of such an order.

(3)Before imposing a community payback order imposing two or more requirements, the court must consider whether, in the circumstances of the case, the requirements are compatible with each other.

(4)The court must not impose the order unless it has obtained, and taken account of, a report from an officer of a local authority containing information about the offender and the offender's circumstances.

(5)An Act of Adjournal may prescribe—

(a)the form of a report under subsection (4), and

(b)the particular information to be contained in it.

(6)Subsection (4) does not apply where the court is considering imposing a community payback order—

(a)imposing only a level 1 unpaid work or other activity requirement, or

(b)under section 227M(2).

(7)The clerk of the court must give a copy of any report obtained under subsection (4) to—

(a)the offender,

(b)the offender's solicitor (if any), and

(c)the prosecutor.

(8)Before imposing the order, the court must explain to the offender in ordinary language—

(a)the purpose and effect of each of the requirements to be imposed by the order,

(b)the consequences which may follow if the offender fails to comply with any of the requirements imposed by the order, and

(c)where the court proposes to include in the order provision under section 227X for it to be reviewed, the arrangements for such a review.

(9)The court must not impose the order unless the offender has, after the court has explained those matters, confirmed that the offender—

(a)understands those matters, and

(b)is willing to comply with each of the requirements to be imposed by the order.

(10)Subsection (9)(b) does not apply where the court is considering imposing a community payback order under section 227M(2).

227CCommunity payback order: responsible officerS

(1)This section applies where a court imposes a community payback order on an offender.

(2)The court must, in imposing the order—

(a)specify the locality in which the offender resides or will reside for the duration of the order,

(b)require the local authority within whose area that locality is situated to nominate, within two days of its receiving a copy of the order, an officer of the authority as the responsible officer for the purposes of the order,

(c)require the offender to comply with any instructions given by the responsible officer—

(i)about keeping in touch with the responsible officer, or

(ii)for the purposes of subsection (3),

(d)require the offender to report to the responsible officer in accordance with instructions given by that officer,

(e)require the offender to notify the responsible officer without delay of—

(i)any change of the offender's address, and

(ii)the times, if any, at which the offender usually works (or carries out voluntary work) or attends school or any other educational establishment, and

(f)where the order imposes an unpaid work or other activity requirement, require the offender to undertake for the number of hours specified in the requirement such work or activity as the responsible officer may instruct, and at such times as may be so instructed.

(3)The responsible officer is responsible for—

(a)making any arrangements necessary to enable the offender to comply with each of the requirements imposed by the order,

(b)promoting compliance with those requirements by the offender,

(c)taking such steps as may be necessary to enforce compliance with the requirements of the order or to vary, revoke or discharge the order.

(4)References in this Act to the responsible officer are, in relation to an offender on whom a community payback order has been imposed, the officer for the time being nominated in pursuance of subsection (2)(b).

(5)In reckoning the period of two days for the purposes of subsection (2)(b), no account is to be taken of a Saturday or Sunday or any day which is a local or public holiday in the area of the local authority concerned.

227DCommunity payback order: further provisionS

(1)Where a community payback order is imposed on an offender, the order is to be taken for all purposes to be a sentence imposed on the offender.

(2)On imposing a community payback order, the court must state in open court the reasons for imposing the order.

(3)The imposition by a court of a community payback order on an offender does not prevent the court imposing a fine or any other sentence (other than imprisonment), or making any other order, that it would be entitled to impose or make in respect of the offence.

(4)Where a court imposes a community payback order on an offender, the clerk of the court must ensure that—

(a)a copy of the order is given to—

(i)the offender, and

(ii)the local authority within whose area the offender resides or will reside, and

(b)a copy of the order and such other documents and information relating to the case as may be useful are given to the clerk of the appropriate court (unless the court imposing the order is that court).

(5)A copy of the order may be given to the offender—

(a)by being delivered personally to the offender, or

(b)by being sent—

(i)by a registered post service (as defined in section 125(1) of the Postal Services Act 2000 (c.26)), or

(ii)by a postal service which provides for the delivery of the document to be recorded.

(6)A community payback order is to be in such form, or as nearly as may be in such form, as may be prescribed by Act of Adjournal.

227ERequirement to avoid conflict with religious beliefs, work etc.S

(1)In imposing a community payback order on an offender, the court must ensure, so far as practicable, that any requirement imposed by the order avoids—

(a)a conflict with the offender's religious beliefs,

(b)interference with the times, if any, at which the offender normally works (or carries out voluntary work) or attends school or any other educational establishment.

(2)The responsible officer must ensure, so far as practicable, that any instruction given to the offender avoids such a conflict or interference.

227FPayment of offenders' travelling and other expensesS

(1)The Scottish Ministers may by order made by statutory instrument provide for the payment to offenders of travelling or other expenses in connection with their compliance with requirements imposed on them by community payback orders.

(2)An order under subsection (1) may—

(a)specify expenses or provide for them to be determined under the order,

(b)provide for the payments to be made by or on behalf of local authorities,

(c)make different provision for different purposes.

(3)An order under subsection (1) is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the Scottish Parliament.

Offender supervision requirementS

227GOffender supervision requirementS

(1)In this Act, an “offender supervision requirement” is, in relation to an offender, a requirement that, during the specified period, the offender must attend appointments with the responsible officer or another person determined by the responsible officer, at such time and place as may be determined by the responsible officer, for the purpose of promoting the offender's rehabilitation.

(2)On imposing a community payback order, the court must impose an offender supervision requirement if—

(a)the offender is under 18 years of age at the time the order is imposed, or

(b)the court, in the order, imposes—

(i)a compensation requirement,

(ii)a programme requirement,

(iii)a residence requirement,

(iv)a mental health requirement,

(v)a drug treatment requirement,

(vi)an alcohol treatment requirement, or

(vii)a conduct requirement.

(3)The specified period must be at least 6 months and not more than 3 years.

(4)Subsection (3) is subject to subsection (5) and section 227ZE(4).

(5)In the case of an offender supervision requirement imposed on a person aged 16 or 17 along with only a level 1 unpaid work or other activity requirement, the specified period must be no more than whichever is the greater of—

(a)the specified period under section 227L in relation to the level 1 unpaid work or other activity requirement, and

(b)3 months.

(6) In this section, “ specified ”, in relation to an offender supervision requirement, means specified in the requirement.

Compensation requirementS

227HCompensation requirementS

(1)In this Act, a “compensation requirement” is, in relation to an offender, a requirement that the offender must pay compensation for any relevant matter in favour of a relevant person.

(2)In subsection (1)—

  • relevant matter ” means any personal injury, loss, damage or other matter in respect of which a compensation order could be made against the offender under section 249 of this Act, and

  • relevant person ” means a person in whose favour the compensation could be awarded by such a compensation order.

(3)A compensation requirement may require the compensation to be paid in a lump sum or in instalments.

(4)The offender must complete payment of the compensation before the earlier of the following—

(a)the end of the period of 18 months beginning with the day on which the compensation requirement is imposed,

(b)the beginning of the period of 2 months ending with the day on which the offender supervision requirement imposed under section 227G(2) ends.

(5)The following provisions of this Act apply in relation to a compensation requirement as they apply in relation to a compensation order, and as if the references in them to a compensation order included a compensation requirement—

(a)section 249(3), (4), (5) and (8) to (10),

(b)section 250(2),

(c)section 251(1), (1A) and (2)(b), and

(d)section 253.

Unpaid work or other activity requirementS

227IUnpaid work or other activity requirementS

(1)In this Act, an “unpaid work or other activity requirement” is, in relation to an offender, a requirement that the offender must, for the specified number of hours, undertake—

(a)unpaid work, or

(b)unpaid work and other activity.

(2)Whether the offender must undertake other activity as well as unpaid work is for the responsible officer to determine.

(3)The nature of the unpaid work and any other activity to be undertaken by the offender is to be determined by the responsible officer.

(4)The number of hours that may be specified in the requirement must be (in total)—

(a)at least 20 hours, and

(b)not more than 300 hours.

(5)An unpaid work or other activity requirement which requires the work or activity to be undertaken for a number of hours totalling no more than 100 is referred to in this Act as a “level 1 unpaid work or other activity requirement”.

(6)An unpaid work or other activity requirement which requires the work or activity to be undertaken for a number of hours totalling more than 100 is referred to in this Act as a “level 2 unpaid work or other activity requirement”.

(7)The Scottish Ministers may by order made by statutory instrument substitute another number of hours for any of the numbers of hours for the time being specified in subsections (4) to (6).

(8)An order under subsection (7) may only substitute for the number of hours for the time being specified in a provision mentioned in the first column of the following table a number of hours falling within the range set out in the corresponding entry in the second column.

ProvisionRange
No fewer thanNo more than
Subsection (4)(a)10 hours40 hours
Subsection (4)(b)250 hours350 hours
Subsections (5) and (6)70 hours150 hours

(9)An order under subsection (7) is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the Scottish Parliament.

(10) In this section, “ specified ”, in relation to an unpaid work or other activity requirement, means specified in the requirement.

227JUnpaid work or other activity requirement: further provisionS

(1)A court may not impose an unpaid work or other activity requirement on an offender who is under 16 years of age.

(2)A court may impose such a requirement on an offender only if the court is satisfied, after considering the report mentioned in section 227B(4), that the offender is a suitable person to undertake unpaid work in pursuance of the requirement.

(3)Subsection (2) does not apply where the court is considering imposing a community payback order—

(a)imposing only a level 1 unpaid work or other activity requirement, or

(b)under section 227M(2).

(4)A justice of the peace court may impose a level 2 unpaid work or other activity requirement only if—

(a)the Scottish Ministers by regulations made by statutory instrument so provide, and

(b)the requirement is imposed in such circumstances and subject to such conditions as may be specified in the regulations.

(5)Regulations are not to be made under subsection (4) unless a draft of the statutory instrument containing them has been laid before and approved by resolution of the Scottish Parliament.

227KAllocation of hours between unpaid work and other activityS

(1)Subject to subsection (2), it is for the responsible officer to determine how many out of the number of hours specified in an unpaid work or other activity requirement are to be allocated to undertaking, respectively—

(a)unpaid work, and

(b)any other activity to be undertaken.

(2)The number of hours allocated to undertaking an activity other than unpaid work must not exceed whichever is the lower of—

(a)30% of the number of hours specified in the requirement, and

(b)30 hours.

(3)The Scottish Ministers may by order made by statutory instrument—

(a)substitute another percentage for the percentage for the time being specified in subsection (2)(a),

(b)substitute another number of hours for the number of hours for the time being specified in subsection (2)(b).

(4)An order is not to be made under subsection (3) unless a draft of the statutory instrument containing the order has been laid before and approved by resolution of the Scottish Parliament.

227LTime limit for completion of unpaid work or other activityS

(1)The number of hours of unpaid work and any other activity that the offender is required to undertake in pursuance of an unpaid work or other activity requirement must be completed by the offender before the end of the specified period beginning with the imposition of the requirement.

(2)The “specified period” is—

(a)in relation to a level 1 unpaid work or other activity requirement, 3 months or such longer period as the court may specify in the requirement,

(b)in relation to a level 2 unpaid work or other activity requirement, 6 months or such longer period as the court may specify in the requirement.

227MFine defaultersS

(1)This section applies where—

(a)a fine has been imposed on an offender in respect of an offence,

(b)the offender fails to pay the fine or an instalment of the fine,

(c)the offender is not serving a sentence of imprisonment, and

(d)apart from this section, the court would have imposed a period of imprisonment on the offender under section 219(1) of this Act in respect of the failure to pay the fine or instalment.

(2)Instead of imposing a period of imprisonment under section 219(1) of this Act, the court—

(a)where the amount of the fine or the instalment does not exceed level 2 on the standard scale, must impose a community payback order on the offender imposing a level 1 unpaid work or other activity requirement,

(b)where the amount of the fine or the instalment exceeds that level, may impose such a community payback order.

(3)The court, in imposing a community payback order under subsection (2) on a person aged 16 or 17, must also impose an offender supervision requirement.

(4)Where the amount of the fine or the instalment does not exceed level 1 on the standard scale, the number of hours specified in the requirement must not exceed 50.

(5)On completion of the hours of unpaid work and any other activity specified in an unpaid work or other activity requirement imposed under this section, the fine in respect of which the requirement was imposed is discharged (or, as the case may be, the outstanding instalments of the fine are discharged).

(6)If, after a community payback order is imposed on an offender under this section, the offender pays the fine or the full amount of any outstanding instalments, the appropriate court must discharge the order.

(7)Subsection (2) is subject to sections 227J(1) and 227N(2), (3) and (7).

(8) In this section, “ court ” does not include the High Court.

227NOffenders subject to more than one unpaid work or other activity requirementS

(1)This section applies where—

(a) a court is considering imposing an unpaid work or other activity requirement on an offender (referred to as the “ new requirement ”), and

(b) at the time the court is considering imposing the requirement, there is already in effect one or more [F168of the following orders—

(i)a community payback order imposing such a requirement on the same offender;

(ii)a community service order under this Act in relation to the same offender;

(iii)a probation order under this Act imposing an unpaid work requirement on the same offender;

(iv)a supervised attendance order under this Act in relation to the same     offender.]

[F169(1A)In this section references to an “existing requirement” are—

(a)in relation to a community payback order, to the unpaid work or other activity requirement imposed on the offender by the order;

(b)in relation to a community service order or a probation order, to the unpaid work requirement imposed on the offender by the order;

(c)in relation to a supervised attendance order, to the requirement imposed on the offender by the order by virtue of section 235(2) of this Act.]

(2)The court may, in imposing the new requirement, direct that it is to be concurrent with any existing requirement.

(3)Where the court makes a direction under subsection (2), hours of unpaid work or other activity undertaken after the new requirement is imposed count for the purposes of compliance with that requirement and the existing requirement.

(4)Subsection (5) applies where the court does not make a direction under subsection (2).

(5)The maximum number of hours which may be specified in the new requirement is the number of hours specified in section 227I(4)(b) less the aggregate of the number of hours F170... still to be completed under each existing requirement at the time the new requirement is imposed.

(6)In calculating that aggregate, if any existing requirement is concurrent with another (by virtue of a direction under subsection (2)), hours that count for the purposes of compliance with both (or, as the case may be, all) are to be counted only once.

(7)Where that maximum number is less than the minimum number of hours that can be specified by virtue of section 227I(4)(a), the court must not impose the new requirement.

227ORules about unpaid work and other activityS

(1)The Scottish Ministers may make rules by statutory instrument for or in connection with the undertaking of unpaid work and other activities in pursuance of unpaid work or other activity requirements.

(2)Rules under subsection (1) may in particular make provision for—

(a)limiting the number of hours of work or other activity that an offender may be required to undertake in any one day,

(b)reckoning the time spent undertaking unpaid work or other activity,

(c)the keeping of records of unpaid work and any other activity undertaken.

(3)Rules under subsection (1) may—

(a)confer functions on responsible officers,

(b)contain rules about the way responsible officers are to exercise functions under this Act.

(4)Rules under subsection (1) are subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the Scottish Parliament.

Programme requirementS

227PProgramme requirementS

(1)In this Act, a “programme requirement” is, in relation to an offender, a requirement that the offender must participate in a specified programme, at the specified place and on the specified number of days.

(2) In this section, “ programme ” means a course or other planned set of activities, taking place over a period of time, and provided to individuals or groups of individuals for the purpose of addressing offending behavioural needs.

(3)A court may impose a programme requirement on an offender only if the specified programme is one which has been recommended by an officer of a local authority as being suitable for the offender to participate in.

(4)If an offender's compliance with a proposed programme requirement would involve the co-operation of a person other than the offender, the court may impose the requirement only if the other person consents.

(5)A court may not impose a programme requirement that would require an offender to participate in a specified programme after the expiry of the period specified in the offender supervision requirement to be imposed at the same time as the programme requirement (by virtue of section 227G(2)(b)).

(6)Where the court imposes a programme requirement on an offender, the requirement is to be taken to include a requirement that the offender, while attending the specified programme, complies with any instructions given by or on behalf of the person in charge of the programme.

(7) In this section, “ specified ”, in relation to a programme requirement, means specified in the requirement.

Residence requirementS

227QResidence requirementS

(1)In this Act, a “residence requirement” is, in relation to an offender, a requirement that, during the specified period, the offender must reside at a specified place.

(2)The court may, in a residence requirement, require an offender to reside at a hostel or other institution only if the hostel or institution has been recommended as a suitable place for the offender to reside in by an officer of a local authority.

(3)The specified period must not be longer than the period specified in the offender supervision requirement to be imposed at the same time as the residence requirement (by virtue of section 227G(2)(b)).

(4) In this section, “ specified ”, in relation to a residence requirement, means specified in the requirement.

Mental health treatment requirementS

227RMental health treatment requirementS

(1)In this Act, a “mental health treatment requirement” is, in relation to an offender, a requirement that the offender must submit, during the specified period, to treatment by or under the direction of a registered medical practitioner or a registered psychologist (or both) with a view to improving the offender's mental condition.

(2)The treatment to which an offender may be required to submit under a mental health treatment requirement is such of the kinds of treatment described in subsection (3) as is specified; but otherwise the nature of the treatment is not to be specified.

(3)Those kinds of treatment are—

(a) treatment as a resident patient in a hospital (other than a State hospital) within the meaning of the Mental Health (Care and Treatment) (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 13) (“ the 2003 Act ”),

(b)treatment as a non-resident patient at such institution or other place as may be specified, or

(c)treatment by or under the direction of such registered medical practitioner or registered psychologist as may be specified.

(4)A court may impose a mental health treatment requirement on an offender only if the court is satisfied—

(a)on the written or oral evidence of an approved medical practitioner (within the meaning of the 2003 Act), that Condition A is met,

(b)on the written or oral evidence of the registered medical practitioner or registered psychologist by whom or under whose direction the treatment is to be provided, that Condition B is met, and

(c)that Condition C is met.

(5)Condition A is that—

(a)the offender suffers from a mental condition,

(b)the condition requires, and may be susceptible to, treatment, and

(c)the condition is not such as to warrant the offender's being subject to—

(i)a compulsory treatment order under section 64 of the 2003 Act, or

(ii)a compulsion order under section 57A of this Act.

(6)Condition B is that the treatment proposed to be specified is appropriate for the offender.

(7)Condition C is that arrangements have been made for the proposed treatment including, where the treatment is to be of the kind mentioned in subsection (3)(a), arrangements for the offender's reception in the hospital proposed to be specified in the requirement.

(8)The specified period must not be longer than the period specified in the offender supervision requirement to be imposed at the same time as the mental health treatment requirement (by virtue of section 227G(2)(b)).

(9) In this section, “ specified ”, in relation to a mental health treatment requirement, means specified in the requirement.

227SMental health treatment requirements: medical evidenceS

(1)For the purposes of section 227R(4)(a) or (b), a written report purporting to be signed by an approved medical practitioner (within the meaning of the Mental Health (Care and Treatment) (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 13)) may be received in evidence without the need for proof of the signature or qualifications of the practitioner.

(2)Where such a report is lodged in evidence otherwise than by or on behalf of the offender, a copy of the report must be given to—

(a)the offender, and

(b)the offender's solicitor (if any).

(3)The court may adjourn the case if it considers it necessary to do so to give the offender further time to consider the report.

(4)Subsection (5) applies where the offender is—

(a)detained in a hospital under this Act, or

(b)remanded in custody.

(5)For the purpose of calling evidence to rebut any evidence contained in a report lodged as mentioned in subsection (2), arrangements may be made by or on behalf of the offender for an examination of the offender by a registered medical practitioner.

(6)Such an examination is to be carried out in private.

227TPower to change treatmentS

(1)This section applies where—

(a)a mental health treatment requirement has been imposed on an offender, and

(b)the registered medical practitioner or registered psychologist by whom or under whose direction the offender is receiving the treatment to which the offender is required to submit in pursuance of the requirement is of the opinion mentioned in subsection (2).

(2)That opinion is—

(a)that the offender requires, or that it would be appropriate for the offender to receive, a different kind of treatment (whether in whole or in part) from that which the offender has been receiving, or

(b)that the treatment (whether in whole or in part) can be more appropriately given in or at a different hospital or other institution or place from that where the offender has been receiving treatment.

(3)The practitioner or, as the case may be, psychologist may make arrangements for the offender to be treated accordingly.

(4)Subject to subsection (5), the treatment provided under the arrangements must be of a kind which could have been specified in the mental health treatment requirement.

(5)The arrangements may provide for the offender to receive treatment (in whole or in part) as a resident patient in an institution or place even though it is one that could not have been specified for that purpose in the mental health treatment requirement.

(6)Arrangements may be made under subsection (3) only if—

(a)the offender and the responsible officer agree to the arrangements,

(b)the treatment will be given by or under the direction of a registered medical practitioner or registered psychologist who has agreed to accept the offender as a patient, and

(c)where the treatment requires the offender to be a resident patient, the offender will be received as such.

(7)Where arrangements are made under subsection (3)—

(a)the responsible officer must notify the court of the arrangements, and

(b)the treatment provided under the arrangements is to be taken to be treatment to which the offender is required to submit under the mental health treatment requirement.

Drug treatment requirementS

227UDrug treatment requirementS

(1)In this Act, a “drug treatment requirement” is, in relation to an offender, a requirement that the offender must submit, during the specified period, to treatment by or under the direction of a specified person with a view to reducing or eliminating the offender's dependency on, or propensity to misuse, drugs.

(2)The treatment to which an offender may be required to submit under a drug treatment requirement is such of the kinds of treatment described in subsection (3) as is specified (but otherwise the nature of the treatment is not to be specified).

(3)Those kinds of treatment are—

(a)treatment as a resident in such institution or other place as is specified,

(b)treatment as a non-resident at such institution or other place, and at such intervals, as is specified.

(4)The specified person must be a person who has the necessary qualifications or experience in relation to the treatment to be provided.

(5)The specified period must not be longer than the period specified in the offender supervision requirement to be imposed at the same time as the drug treatment requirement (by virtue of section 227G(2)(b)).

(6)A court may impose a drug treatment requirement on an offender only if the court is satisfied that—

(a)the offender is dependent on, or has a propensity to misuse, any controlled drug (as defined in section 2(1)(a) of the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 (c.38)),

(b)the dependency or propensity requires, and may be susceptible to, treatment, and

(c)arrangements have been, or can be, made for the proposed treatment including, where the treatment is to be of the kind mentioned in subsection (3)(a), arrangements for the offender's reception in the institution or other place to be specified.

(7) In this section, “ specified ”, in relation to a drug treatment requirement, means specified in the requirement.

Alcohol treatment requirementS

227VAlcohol treatment requirementS

(1)In this Act, an “alcohol treatment requirement” is, in relation to an offender, a requirement that the offender must submit, during the specified period, to treatment by or under the direction of a specified person with a view to the reduction or elimination of the offender's dependency on alcohol.

(2)The treatment to which an offender may be required to submit under an alcohol treatment requirement is such of the kinds of treatment described in subsection (3) as is specified (but otherwise the nature of the treatment is not to be specified).

(3)Those kinds of treatment are—

(a)treatment as a resident in such institution or other place as is specified,

(b)treatment as a non-resident at such institution or other place, and at such intervals, as is specified,

(c)treatment by or under the direction of such person as is specified.

(4)The person specified under subsection (1) or (3)(c) must be a person who has the necessary qualifications or experience in relation to the treatment to be provided.

(5)The specified period must not be longer than the period specified in the offender supervision requirement to be imposed at the same time as the alcohol treatment requirement (by virtue of section 227G(2)(b)).

(6)A court may impose an alcohol treatment requirement on an offender only if the court is satisfied that—

(a)the offender is dependent on alcohol,

(b)the dependency requires, and may be susceptible to, treatment, and

(c)arrangements have been, or can be, made for the proposed treatment, including, where the treatment is to be of the kind mentioned in subsection (3)(a), arrangements for the offender's reception in the institution or other place to be specified.

(7) In this section, “ specified ”, in relation to an alcohol treatment requirement, means specified in the requirement.

Conduct requirementS

227WConduct requirementS

(1)In this Act, a “conduct requirement” is, in relation to an offender, a requirement that the offender must, during the specified period, do or refrain from doing specified things.

(2)A court may impose a conduct requirement on an offender only if the court is satisfied that the requirement is necessary with a view to—

(a)securing or promoting good behaviour by the offender, or

(b)preventing further offending by the offender.

(3)The specified period must be not more than 3 years.

(4)The specified things must not include anything that—

(a)could be required by imposing one of the other requirements listed in section 227A(2), or

(b)would be inconsistent with the provisions of this Act relating to such other requirements.

(5) In this section, “ specified ”, in relation to a conduct requirement, means specified in the requirement.

Community payback orders: review, variation etc.S

227XPeriodic review of community payback ordersS

(1)On imposing a community payback order on an offender, the court may include in the order provision for the order to be reviewed at such time or times as may be specified in the order.

(2) A review carried out in pursuance of such provision is referred to in this section as a “ progress review ”.

(3)A progress review may be carried out by the court which imposed the community payback order or (if different) the appropriate court, and, where those courts are different, the court must specify in the order which of those courts is to carry out the reviews.

(4)A progress review is to be carried out in such manner as the court carrying out the review may determine.

(5)Before each progress review, the responsible officer must give the court a written report on the offender's compliance with the requirements imposed by the community payback order in the period to which the review relates.

(6)The offender must attend each progress review.

(7)If the offender fails to attend a progress review, the court may—

(a)issue a citation requiring the offender's attendance, or

(b)issue a warrant for the offender's arrest.

(8)The unified citation provisions apply in relation to a citation under subsection (7)(a) as they apply in relation to a citation under section 216(3)(a) of this Act.

(9)Subsections (10) and (11) apply where, in the course of carrying out a progress review in respect of a community payback order, it appears to the court that the offender has failed to comply with a requirement imposed by the order.

(10)The court must—

(a)provide the offender with written details of the alleged failure,

(b)inform the offender that the offender is entitled to be legally represented, and

(c)inform the offender that no answer need be given to the allegation before the offender—

(i)has been given an opportunity to take legal advice, or

(ii)has indicated that the offender does not wish to take legal advice.

(11)The court must then—

(a)if it is the appropriate court, appoint another hearing for consideration of the alleged failure in accordance with section 227ZC, or

(b)if it is not the appropriate court, refer the alleged failure to that court for consideration in accordance with that section.

(12)On conclusion of a progress review in respect of a community payback order, the court may vary, revoke or discharge the order in accordance with section 227Z.

227YApplications to vary, revoke and discharge community payback ordersS

(1)The appropriate court may, on the application of either of the persons mentioned in subsection (2), vary, revoke or discharge a community payback order in accordance with section 227Z.

(2)Those persons are—

(a)the offender on whom the order was imposed,

(b)the responsible officer in relation to the offender.

227ZVariation, revocation and discharge: court's powersS

(1)This section applies where a court is considering varying, revoking or discharging a community payback order imposed on an offender.

(2)The court may vary, revoke or discharge the order only if satisfied that it is in the interests of justice to do so having regard to circumstances which have arisen since the order was imposed.

(3)Subsection (2) does not apply where the court is considering varying the order under section 227ZC(7)(d).

(4)In varying an order, the court may, in particular—

(a)add to the requirements imposed by the order,

(b)revoke or discharge any requirement imposed by the order,

(c)vary any requirement imposed by the order,

(d)include provision for progress reviews under section 227X,

(e)where the order already includes such provision, vary that provision.

(5)In varying a requirement imposed by the order, the court may, in particular—

(a)extend or shorten any period or other time limit specified in the requirement,

(b)in the case of an unpaid work or other activity requirement, increase or decrease the number of hours specified in the requirement,

(c)in the case of a compensation requirement, vary the amount of compensation or any instalment.

(6)The court may not, under subsection (5)(b), increase the number of hours beyond the appropriate maximum.

(7)The appropriate maximum is the number of hours specified in section 227I(4)(b) at the time the unpaid work or other activity requirement being varied was imposed less the aggregate of the number of hours of unpaid work or other activity still to be completed under each other unpaid work or other activity requirement (if any) in effect in respect of the offender at the time of the variation (a “current requirement”).

(8)In calculating that aggregate, if any current requirement is concurrent with another (by virtue of a direction under section 227N(2)), hours that count for the purposes of compliance with both (or, as the case may be, all) are to be counted only once.

(9)The court may not, under subsection (5)(c), increase the amount of compensation beyond the maximum that could have been awarded at the time the requirement was imposed.

(10)Where the court varies a restricted movement requirement imposed by a community payback order, the court must give a copy of the order making the variation to the person responsible for monitoring the offender's compliance with the requirement.

(11)Where the court revokes a community payback order, the court may deal with the offender in respect of the offence in relation to which the order was imposed as it could have dealt with the offender had the order not been imposed.

(12)Subsection (11) applies in relation to a community payback order imposed under section 227M(2) as if the reference to the offence in relation to which the order was imposed were a reference to the failure to pay in respect of which the order was imposed.

(13)Where the court is considering varying, revoking or discharging the order otherwise than on the application of the offender, the court must issue a citation to the offender requiring the offender to appear before the court (except where the offender is required to appear by section 227X(6)) or 227ZC(2)(b).

(14)If the offender fails to appear as required by the citation, the court may issue a warrant for the arrest of the offender.

(15)The unified citation provisions apply in relation to a citation under subsection (13) as they apply in relation to a citation under section 216(3)(a) of this Act.

227ZAVariation of community payback orders: further provisionS

(1)This section applies where a court is considering varying a community payback order imposed on an offender.

(2)The court must not make the variation unless it has obtained, and taken account of, a report from the responsible officer containing information about the offender and the offender's circumstances.

(3)An Act of Adjournal may prescribe—

(a)the form of a report under subsection (2), and

(b)the particular information to be contained in it.

(4)Subsection (2) does not apply where the court is considering varying a community payback order—

(a)so that it imposes only a level 1 unpaid work or other activity requirement, or

(b)imposed under section 227M(2).

(5)The clerk of the court must give a copy of any report obtained under subsection (2) to—

(a)the offender,

(b)the offender's solicitor (if any).

(6)Before making the variation, the court must explain to the offender in ordinary language—

(a)the purpose and effect of each of the requirements to be imposed by the order as proposed to be varied,

(b)the consequences which may follow if the offender fails to comply with any of the requirements imposed by the order as proposed to be varied, and

(c)where the court proposes to include in the order as proposed to be varied provision for a progress review under section 227X, or to vary any such provision already included in the order, the arrangements for such a review.

(7)The court must not make the variation unless the offender has, after the court has explained those matters, confirmed that the offender—

(a)understands those matters, and

(b)is willing to comply with each of the requirements to be imposed by the order as proposed to be amended.

(8)Where the variation would impose a new requirement—

(a)the court must not make the variation if the new requirement is not a requirement that could have been imposed by the order when it was imposed,

(b)if the new requirement is one which could have been so imposed, the court must, before making the variation take whatever steps the court would have been required to take before imposing the requirement had it been imposed by the order when it was imposed.

(9)Subsection (8)(a) does not prevent the imposition of a restricted movement requirement under section 227ZC(7)(d).

(10)In determining for the purpose of subsection (8)(a) whether an unpaid work or other activity requirement is a requirement that could have been imposed by the order when the order was imposed, the effect of section 227N(7) is to be ignored.

(11)Where the variation would vary any requirement imposed by the order, the court must not make the variation if the requirement as proposed to be varied could not have been imposed, or imposed in that way, by the order when it was imposed.

(12)Subsections (4) and (5) of section 227D apply, with the necessary modifications, where a community payback order is varied as they apply where such an order is imposed.

227ZBChange of offender's residence to new local authority areaS

(1)The section applies where—

(a)the offender on whom a community payback order has been imposed proposes to change, or has changed, residence to a locality (“the new locality”) situated in the area of a different local authority from that in which the locality currently specified in the order is situated, and

(b)the court is considering varying the order so as to specify the new local authority area in which the offender resides or will reside.

(2)The court may vary the order only if satisfied that arrangements have been, or can be, made in the local authority area in which the new locality is situated for the offender to comply with the requirements imposed by the order.

(3)If the court considers that a requirement (“the requirement concerned”) imposed by the order cannot be complied with if the offender resides in the new locality, the court must not vary the order so as to specify the new local authority area unless it also varies the order so as to—

(a)revoke or discharge the requirement concerned, or

(b)substitute for the requirement concerned another requirement that can be so complied with.

(4)Where the court varies the order, the court must also vary the order so as to require the local authority for the area in which the new locality is situated to nominate an officer of the authority to be the responsible officer for the purposes of the order.

Breach of community payback orderS

227ZCBreach of community payback orderS

(1)This section applies where it appears to the appropriate court that an offender on whom a community payback order has been imposed has failed to comply with a requirement imposed by the order.

(2)The court may—

(a)issue a warrant for the offender's arrest, or

(b)issue a citation to the offender requiring the offender to appear before the court.

(3)If the offender fails to appear as required by a citation issued under subsection (2)(b), the court may issue a warrant for the arrest of the offender.

(4)The unified citation provisions apply in relation to a citation under subsection (2)(b) as they apply in relation to a citation under section 216(3)(a) of this Act.

(5)The court must, before considering the alleged failure—

(a)provide the offender with written details of the alleged failure,

(b)inform the offender that the offender is entitled to be legally represented, and

(c)inform the offender that no answer need be given to the allegation before the offender—

(i)has been given an opportunity to take legal advice, or

(ii)has indicated that the offender does not wish to take legal advice.

(6)Subsection (5) does not apply if the offender has previously been provided with those details and informed about those matters under section 227X(10) of this Act.

(7)Where the order was imposed under section 227A, if the court is satisfied that the offender has failed without reasonable excuse to comply with a requirement imposed by the order, the court may—

(a)impose on the offender a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale,

(b)where the order was imposed under section 227A(1), revoke the order and deal with the offender in respect of the offence in relation to which the order was imposed as it could have dealt with the offender had the order not been imposed,

(c)where the order was imposed under section 227A(4), revoke the order and impose on the offender a sentence of imprisonment for a term not exceeding—

(i)where the court is a justice of the peace court, 60 days,

(ii)in any other case, 3 months,

(d)vary the order so as to impose a new requirement, vary any requirement imposed by the order or revoke or discharge any requirement imposed by the order, or

(e)both impose a fine under paragraph (a) and vary the order under paragraph (d).

(8)Where the order was imposed under section 227M(2), if the court is satisfied that the offender has failed without reasonable excuse to comply with a requirement imposed by the order, the court may—

(a)revoke the order and impose on the offender a period of imprisonment for a term not exceeding—

(i)where the court is a justice of the peace court, 60 days,

(ii)in any other case, 3 months, or

(b)vary—

(i)the number of hours specified in the level 1 unpaid work or other activity requirement imposed by the order, and

(ii)where the order also imposes an offender supervision requirement, the specified period under section 227G in relation to the requirement.

(9)Where the court revokes a community payback order under subsection (7)(b) or (c) and the offender is, in respect of the same offence, also subject to—

(a)a drug treatment and testing order, by virtue of section 234J, or

(b)a restriction of liberty order, by virtue of section 245D(3),

the court must, before dealing with the offender under subsection (7)(b) or (c), revoke the drug treatment and testing order or, as the case may be, restriction of liberty order.

[F171(9A)Where under subsection (8)(a) the court revokes the order and imposes on the offender a period of imprisonment, liability to pay the fine in respect of which the order was imposed (or, as the case may be, any instalments of the fine that are unpaid on the date that the period of imprisonment is imposed) is discharged.]

(10)If the court is satisfied that the offender has failed to comply with a requirement imposed by the order but had a reasonable excuse for the failure, the court may, subject to section 227Z(2), vary the order so as to impose a new requirement, vary any requirement imposed by the order or revoke or discharge any requirement imposed by the order.

(11)Subsections (7)(b) and (c) and (9) are subject to section 42(9) of the Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 7) (powers of drugs courts to deal with breach of community payback orders).

227ZDBreach of community payback order: further provisionS

(1)Evidence of one witness is sufficient for the purpose of establishing that an offender has failed without reasonable excuse to comply with a requirement imposed by a community payback order.

(2)Subsection (3) applies in relation to a community payback order imposing a compensation requirement.

(3)A document bearing to be a certificate signed by the clerk of the appropriate court and stating that the compensation, or an instalment of the compensation, has not been paid as required by the requirement is sufficient evidence that the offender has failed to comply with the requirement.

(4)The appropriate court may, for the purpose of considering whether an offender has failed to comply with a requirement imposed by a community payback order, require the responsible officer to provide a report on the offender's compliance with the requirement.

Restricted movement requirementS

227ZERestricted movement requirementS

(1)The requirements which the court may impose under section 227ZC(7)(d) include a restricted movement requirement.

(2)If the court varies a community payback order under section 227ZC(7)(d) so as to impose a restricted movement requirement, the court must also vary the order so as to impose an offender supervision requirement, unless an offender supervision requirement is already imposed by the order.

(3)The court must ensure that the specified period under section 227G in relation to the offender supervision requirement is at least as long as the period for which the restricted movement requirement has effect and, where the community payback order already imposes an offender supervision requirement, must vary it accordingly, if necessary.

(4)The minimum period of 6 months in section 227G(3) does not apply in relation to an offender supervision requirement imposed under subsection (2).

(5)Where the court varies the order so as to impose a restricted movement requirement, the court must give a copy of the order making the variation to the person responsible for monitoring the offender's compliance with the requirement.

(6)If during the period for which the restricted movement requirement is in effect it appears to the person responsible for monitoring the offender's compliance with the requirement that the offender has failed to comply with the requirement, the person must report the matter to the offender's responsible officer.

(7)On receiving a report under subsection (6), the responsible officer must report the matter to the court.

227ZFRestricted movement requirement: effectS

(1)In this Act, a “restricted movement requirement” is, in relation to an offender, a requirement restricting the offender's movements to such extent as is specified.

(2)A restricted movement requirement may in particular require the offender—

(a)to be in a specified place at a specified time or during specified periods, or

(b)not to be in a specified place, or a specified class of place, at a specified time or during specified periods.

(3)In imposing a restricted movement requirement containing provision under subsection (2)(a), the court must ensure that the offender is not required, either by the requirement alone or the requirement taken together with any other relevant requirement or order, to be at any place for periods totalling more than 12 hours in any one day.

(4) In subsection (3), “ other relevant requirement or order ” means—

(a)any other restricted movement requirement in effect in respect of the offender at the time the court is imposing the requirement referred to in subsection (3), and

(b)any restriction of liberty order under section 245A in effect in respect of the offender at that time.

(5)A restricted movement requirement—

(a)takes effect from the specified day, and

(b)has effect for such period as is specified.

(6)The period specified under subsection (5)(b) must be—

(a)not less than 14 days, and

(b)subject to subsections (7) and (8), not more than 12 months.

(7)Subsection (8) applies in the case of a restricted movement requirement imposed for failure to comply with a requirement of a community payback order—

(a)where the offender was under 18 years of age at the time the order was imposed, or

(b)where the only requirement imposed by the order is a level 1 unpaid work or other activity requirement.

(8)The period specified under subsection (5)(b) must be not more than—

(a)where the order was imposed by a justice of the peace court, 60 days, or

(b)in any other case, 3 months.

(9)A court imposing a restricted movement requirement must specify in it—

(a)the method by which the offender's compliance with the requirement is to be monitored, and

(b)the person who is to be responsible for monitoring that compliance.

(10)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations made by statutory instrument substitute—

(a)for the number of hours for the time being specified in subsection (3) another number of hours,

(b)for the number of months for the time being specified in subsection (6)(b) another number of months.

(11)Regulations are not to be made under subsection (10) unless a draft of the statutory instrument containing the regulations has been laid before and approved by resolution of the Scottish Parliament.

(12) In this section, “ specified ”, in relation to a restricted movement requirement, means specified in the requirement.

227ZGRestricted movement requirements: further provisionS

(1)A court may not impose a restricted movement requirement requiring the offender to be, or not to be, in a specified place unless it is satisfied that the offender's compliance with the requirement can be monitored by the method specified in the requirement.

(2)Before imposing a restricted movement requirement requiring the offender to be in a specified place, the appropriate court must obtain and consider a report by an officer of the local authority in whose area the place is situated on—

(a)the place, and

(b)the attitude of any person (other than the offender) likely to be affected by the enforced presence of the offender at the place.

(3)The court may, before imposing the requirement, hear the officer who prepared the report.

227ZHVariation of restricted movement requirementS

(1)This section applies where—

(a)a community payback order which is in force in respect of an offender imposes a restricted movement requirement requiring the offender to be at a particular place specified in the requirement for any period, and

(b)the court is considering varying the requirement so as to require the offender to be at a different place (“the new place”).

(2)Before making the variation, the appropriate court must obtain and consider a report by an officer of the local authority in whose area the new place is situated on—

(a)the new place, and

(b)the attitude of any person (other than the offender) likely to be affected by the enforced presence of the offender at the new place.

(3)The court may, before making the variation, hear the officer who prepared the report.

227ZIRemote monitoringS

Section 245C of this Act, and regulations made under that section, apply in relation to the imposition of, and compliance with, restricted movement requirements as they apply in relation to the imposition of, and compliance with, restriction of liberty orders.

227ZJRestricted movement requirements: Scottish Ministers' functionsS

(1)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations made by statutory instrument prescribe—

(a)which courts, or class or classes of courts, may impose restricted movement requirements,

(b)the method or methods of monitoring compliance with a restricted movement requirement which may be specified in such a requirement,

(c)the class or classes of offender on whom such a requirement may be imposed.

(2)Regulations under subsection (1) may make different provision about the matters mentioned in paragraphs (b) and (c) of that subsection in relation to different courts or classes of court.

(3)Regulations under subsection (1) are subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the Scottish Parliament.

(4)The Scottish Ministers must determine the person, or class or description of person, who may be specified in a restricted movement requirement as the person to be responsible for monitoring the offender's compliance with the requirement (referred to in this section as the “monitor”).

(5)The Scottish Ministers may determine different persons, or different classes or descriptions of person, in relation to different methods of monitoring.

(6)The Scottish Ministers must notify each court having power to impose a restricted movement requirement of their determination.

(7)Subsection (8) applies where—

(a)the Scottish Ministers make a determination under subsection (4) changing a previous determination made by them, and

(b)a person specified in a restricted movement requirement in effect at the date the determination takes effect as the monitor is not a person, or is not of a class or description of person, mentioned in the determination as changed.

(8)The appropriate court must—

(a)vary the restricted movement requirement so as to specify a different person as the monitor,

(b)send a copy of the requirement as varied to that person and to the responsible officer, and

(c)notify the offender of the variation.

227ZKDocumentary evidence in proceedings for breach of restricted movement requirementS

(1)This section applies for the purposes of establishing in any proceedings whether an offender on whom a restricted movement requirement has been imposed has complied with the requirement.

(2)Evidence of the presence or absence of the offender at a particular place at a particular time may be given by the production of a document or documents bearing to be—

(a)a statement automatically produced by a device specified in regulations made under section 245C of this Act, by which the offender's whereabouts were remotely monitored, and

(b)a certificate signed by a person nominated for the purposes of this paragraph by the Scottish Ministers that the statement relates to the whereabouts of the offender at the dates and times shown in the statement.

(3)The statement and certificate are, when produced in evidence, sufficient evidence of the facts stated in them.

(4)The statement and certificate are not admissible in evidence at any hearing unless a copy of them has been served on the offender before the hearing.

(5)Where it appears to any court before which the hearing is taking place that the offender has not had sufficient notice of the statement or certificate, the court may adjourn the hearing or make any order that it considers appropriate.

Local authorities: annual consultation about unpaid workS

227ZLLocal authorities: annual consultations about unpaid workS

(1)Each local authority must, for each year, consult prescribed persons about the nature of unpaid work and other activities to be undertaken by offenders residing in the local authority's area on whom community payback orders are imposed.

(2) In subsection (1), “ prescribed persons ” means such persons, or class or classes of person, as may be prescribed by the Scottish Ministers by regulations made by statutory instrument.

(3)A statutory instrument containing regulations under subsection (2) is to be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the Scottish Parliament.

Annual reports on community payback ordersS

227ZMAnnual reports on community payback ordersS

(1)Each local authority must, as soon as practicable after the end of each reporting year, prepare a report on the operation of community payback orders within their area during that reporting year, and send a copy of the report to [F172Community Justice Scotland].

(2)The Scottish Ministers may issue directions to local authorities about the content of their reports under subsection (1); and local authorities must comply with any such directions.

(3)[F173Community Justice Scotland] must, [F174in relation to] each reporting year, lay before the Scottish Parliament and publish a report that collates and summarises the data included in the various reports under subsection (1).

[F175(3A)A report under subsection (3) must be laid before the Parliament, and published, together with, or as part of, the corresponding report under section 27 of the Community Justice (Scotland) Act 2016.

(3B)The reference in subsection (3A) to the corresponding report under section 27 of the Community Justice (Scotland) Act 2016 is, in relation to a report under subsection (3) for a particular reporting year, a reference to the report under that section which requires to be published as soon as reasonably practicable after that 31 March.]

[F176(4)In this section, “reporting year” means a year ending with 31 March.]

Community payback order: meaning of “the appropriate court”S

227ZNMeaning of “the appropriate court”S

(1) In sections 227A to 227ZK, “ the appropriate court ” means, in relation to a community payback order—

(a)where the order was imposed by the High Court of Justiciary, that Court,

(b)where the order was imposed by a sheriff, a sheriff having jurisdiction in the locality mentioned in subsection (2),

(c)where the order was imposed by a justice of the peace court—

(i)the justice of the peace court having jurisdiction in that locality, or

(ii)if there is no justice of the peace court having jurisdiction in that locality, a sheriff having such jurisdiction.

(2)The locality referred to in subsection (1) is the locality for the time being specified in the community payback order under section 227C(2)(a).]

[F177227ZOCommunity payback orders: persons residing in England and Wales or Northern IrelandS

Schedule 13 to this Act, which makes provision for the transfer of community payback orders to England and Wales or Northern Ireland, has effect.]

ProbationS

228 Probation orders.S

F178. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

229 Probation orders: additional requirements.S

F179. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

229AProbation progress reviewS

F180 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

230 Probation orders: requirement of treatment for mental condition.S

F181. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

230ARequirement for remote monitoring in probation orderS

F182 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

231 Probation orders: amendment and discharge.S

F183. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

232 Probation orders: failure to comply with requirement.