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Finance Act 1995

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Supplementary provisions

3After Schedule 28 there shall be inserted—

Schedule 28AChange in ownership of investment company: deductions

Part ISignificant increase in company capital
General

1The provisions referred to in section 768B(2) for determining whether there is a significant increase in the amount of a company’s capital after a change in the ownership of the company are as follows.

The basic rule

2There is a significant increase in the amount of a company’s capital if amount B—

(a)exceeds amount A by at least £1 million; or

(b)is at least twice amount A.

Amount A

3(1)Amount A is the lower of—

(a)the amount of the company’s capital immediately before the change in the ownership; and

(b)the highest 60 day minimum amount for the pre-change year, found in accordance with sub-paragraphs (2) to (6) below.

(2)Find the daily amounts of the company’s capital over the pre-change year.

(3)Take the highest of the daily amounts.

(4)Find out whether there was in the pre-change year a period of 60 days or more in which there was no daily amount lower than the amount taken.

(5)If there was, the amount taken is the highest 60 day minimum amount for the pre-change year.

(6)If there was not, take the next highest of the daily amounts and repeat the process in sub-paragraph (4) above; and so on, until the highest 60 day minimum amount for the pre-change year is found.

(7)In this Part of this Schedule “the pre-change year” means the period of one year ending immediately before the change in the ownership of the company in question.

Amount B

4(1)Amount B is the highest 60 day minimum amount for the post-change period (finding that amount for that period in the same way as the highest 60 day minimum amount for the pre-change year is found).

(2)In this paragraph “the post-change period” means the period of three years beginning with the change in the ownership of the company in question.

Capital and amounts of capital

5(1)The capital of a company consists of the aggregate of—

(a)the amount of the paid up share capital of the company;

(b)the amount outstanding of any debts incurred by the company which are of a description mentioned in any of paragraphs (a) to (c) of section 417(7); and

(c)the amount outstanding of any redeemable loan capital issued by the company.

(2)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1) above—

(a)the amount of the paid up share capital includes any amount in the share premium account of the company (construing “share premium account” in the same way as in section 130 of the [1985 c. 6.] Companies Act 1985); and

(b)the amount outstanding of any debts includes any interest due on the debts.

(3)Amounts of capital shall be expressed in sterling and rounded up to the nearest pound.

Part IIAmounts in issue for purposes of section 768B

6The amounts in issue referred to in section 768B(4)(c) are—

(a)the amount of any sums (including commissions) actually disbursed as expenses of management for the accounting period being divided, except any such expenses as would (apart from section 768B) be deductible in computing profits otherwise than under section 75;

(b)the amount of any charges which are paid in that accounting period wholly and exclusively for the purposes of the company’s business;

(c)the amount of any excess carried forward under section 75(3) to the accounting period being divided;

(d)the amount of any allowances falling to be made for that accounting period by virtue of section 28 of the 1990 Act which would (apart from section 768B) be added to the expenses of management for that accounting period by virtue of section 75(4);

(e)any other amounts by reference to which the profits or losses of that accounting period would (apart from section 768B) be calculated.

Part IIIApportionment for purposes of section 768B

7(1)Subject to paragraph 8 below, the apportionment required by section 768B(4)(c) shall be made—

(a)in the case of the sums and charges mentioned in paragraph 6(a) and (b) above, by reference to the time when the sum or charge is due to be paid;

(b)in the case of the excess mentioned in paragraph 6(c) above, by apportioning the whole amount of the excess to the first part of the accounting period being divided;

(c)in the case of the amounts mentioned in paragraph 6(d) and (e) above, by reference to the respective lengths of the parts of the accounting period being divided.

(2)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1)(a) above, in the case of any charge consisting of interest, the interest shall be assumed to become due on a day to day basis as it arises.

8If it appears that any method of apportionment given by paragraph 7 above would work unreasonably or unjustly for any case for which it is given, such other method shall be used for that case as appears just and reasonable.

Part IVExcess overdue interest
Introductory

9(1)The provisions referred to in sections 768B(11) and 768C(10) for determining whether a payment of interest made by the company or, as the case may be, the relevant company represents excess overdue interest, and if so to what extent, are set out in paragraphs 10 to 12 below.

(2)In those paragraphs—

(a)“overdue interest” means interest due to be paid by the company or, as the case may be, the relevant company before the change in the ownership and still unpaid at the end of the actual accounting period in which the change occurs;

(b)“amount C” means the amount of all the overdue interest; and

(c)“amount P” means the amount of the profits for the accounting period ending with the change in the ownership.

(3)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (2) above—

(a)interest shall be assumed to become due on a day to day basis as it arises;

(b)the reference to the profits is a reference to the profits after making all deductions and giving all reliefs that for the purposes of corporation tax are made or given against the profits, including deductions and reliefs which under any provision are treated as reducing them for those purposes.

The rules

10(1)A payment of interest does not represent excess overdue interest except to the extent that it discharges a liability to pay overdue interest.

(2)For the purposes of this Part of this Schedule, a payment of interest on a debt shall be treated as discharging any liability to pay overdue interest before it is treated to any extent as discharging a liability to pay interest which is not overdue interest.

11Where amount C does not exceed amount P, no payment of interest represents excess overdue interest.

12(1)Where amount C exceeds amount P—

(a)find the amount by which amount C exceeds amount P (amount X);

(b)take all the payments and parts of payments which discharge any liability to pay overdue interest;

(c)treat those payments and parts of payments as cancelling out amount X before any other part of amount C.

(2)A payment of interest represents excess overdue interest to the extent that, in accordance with sub-paragraph (1) above, it is treated as cancelling out amount X.

Part VAmounts in issue for purposes of section 768C

13(1)The amounts in issue referred to in section 768C(3)(c) are—

(a)the amount which would in accordance with the relevant provisions of the 1992 Act (and apart from section 768C) be included in respect of chargeable gains in the total profits for the accounting period being divided;

(b)the amount of any sums (including commissions) actually disbursed as expenses of management for the accounting period being divided except any such expenses as would (apart from section 768C) be deductible in computing total profits otherwise than under section 75;

(c)the amount of any charges which are paid in that accounting period wholly and exclusively for the purposes of the company’s business;

(d)the amount of any excess carried forward under section 75(3) to the accounting period being divided;

(e)the amount of any allowances falling to be made for that accounting period by virtue of section 28 of the 1990 Act which would (apart from section 768C) be added to the expenses of management for that accounting period by virtue of section 75(4); and

(f)any other amounts by reference to which the profits or losses of the accounting period being divided would (apart from section 768C) be calculated.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1)(a) above “the relevant provisions of the 1992 Act” means section 8(1) of and Schedule 7A to that Act.

Part VIApportionment for purposes of section 768C

14The apportionment required by section 768C(3)(c) shall be made as follows.

15In the case of the amount mentioned in paragraph 13(1)(a) above—

(a)if it does not exceed the amount of the relevant gain, the whole of it shall be apportioned to the second part of the accounting period being divided;

(b)if it exceeds the amount of the relevant gain, the excess shall be apportioned to the first part of the accounting period being divided and the relevant gain shall be apportioned to the second part.

16(1)Subject to paragraph 17 below, the apportionment shall be made—

(a)in the case of the sums and charges mentioned in paragraph 13(1)(b) and (c) above, by reference to the time when the sum or charge is due to be paid;

(b)in the case of the excess mentioned in paragraph 13(1)(d) above, by apportioning the whole amount of the excess to the first part of the accounting period being divided;

(c)in the case of the amounts mentioned in paragraph 13(1)(e) and (f) above, by reference to the respective lengths of the parts of the accounting period being divided.

(2)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1)(a) above, in the case of any charge consisting of interest, the interest shall be assumed to become due on a day to day basis as it arises.

17If it appears that any method of apportionment given by paragraph 16 above would work unreasonably or unjustly for any case for which it is given, such other method shall be used for that case as appears just and reasonable.

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