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Finance Act 1995

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Section 72.

SCHEDULE 16Venture Capital Trusts: Deferred charge on re-investment

Application of Schedule

1(1)This Schedule applies where—

(a)there would (apart from paragraph 2(2)(a) below) be a chargeable gain (“the original gain”) accruing to an individual (“the investor”) at any time (“the accrual time”) on or after 6th April 1995;

(b)that gain is one accruing on the disposal by the investor of any asset or in accordance with paragraphs 4 and 5 of Schedule 5B or paragraphs 4 and 5 below;

(c)the investor makes a qualifying investment; and

(d)the investor is resident or ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom at the accrual time and the time when he makes the qualifying investment and is not, in relation to the qualifying investment, a person to whom sub-paragraph (4) below applies.

(2)The investor makes a qualifying investment for the purposes of this Schedule if—

(a)he subscribes for any shares by reference to which he is given relief under Part I of Schedule 15B to the Taxes Act on any amount;

(b)those shares are issued at a qualifying time; and

(c)where that time is before the accrual time, those shares are still held by the investor at the accrual time;

and in this Schedule “relevant shares”, in relation to a case to which this Schedule applies, means any of the shares in a venture capital trust which are acquired by the investor in making the qualifying investment.

(3)In this Schedule “a qualifying time”, in relation to any shares subscribed for by the investor, means—

(a)any time in the period beginning twelve months before the accrual time and ending twelve months after the accrual time, or

(b)any such time before the beginning of that period or after it ends as the Board may by notice allow.

(4)This sub-paragraph applies to an individual in relation to a qualifying investment if—

(a)though resident or ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom at the time when he makes the investment, he is regarded for the purposes of any double taxation relief arrangements as resident in a territory outside the United Kingdom; and

(b)were section 151A(1) to be disregarded, the arrangements would have the effect that he would not be liable in the United Kingdom to tax on a gain arising on a disposal, immediately after their acquisition, of the shares acquired in making that investment.

The postponement of the original gain

2(1)On the making of a claim by the investor for the purposes of this Schedule, so much of the investor’s unused qualifying expenditure on relevant shares as—

(a)is specified in the claim, and

(b)does not exceed so much of the original gain as is unmatched,

shall be set against a corresponding amount of the original gain.

(2)Where the amount of any qualifying expenditure on any relevant shares is set under this Schedule against the whole or any part of the original gain—

(a)so much of that gain as is equal to that amount shall be treated as not having accrued at the accrual time; but

(b)paragraphs 4 and 5 below shall apply for determining the gain that is to be treated as accruing on the occurrence of any chargeable event in relation to any of those relevant shares.

(3)For the purposes of this Schedule, but subject to the following provisions of this paragraph—

(a)the investor’s qualifying expenditure on any relevant shares is the sum equal to the amount on which he is given relief under Part I of Schedule 15B to the Taxes Act by reference to those shares; and

(b)that expenditure is unused to the extent that it has not already been set under this Schedule against the whole or any part of a chargeable gain.

(4)For the purposes of this paragraph the original gain is unmatched, in relation to any qualifying expenditure on relevant shares, to the extent that it has not had any other amount set against it under this Schedule or Schedule 5B.

Chargeable events

3(1)Subject to the following provisions of this paragraph, there is for the purposes of this Schedule a chargeable event in relation to any relevant shares if, after the making of the qualifying investment—

(a)the investor disposes of those shares otherwise than by way of a disposal within marriage;

(b)those shares are disposed of, otherwise than by way of a disposal to the investor, by a person who acquired them on a disposal made by the investor within marriage;

(c)there is, in a case where those shares fall within section 151B(3)(c), such an actual or deemed exchange of those shares for any non-qualifying holdings as, under section 135 or 136, requires, or but for section 116 would require, those holdings to be treated for the purposes of this Act as the same assets as those shares;

(d)the investor becomes a non-resident while holding those shares and within the relevant period;

(e)a person who acquired those shares on a disposal within marriage becomes a non-resident while holding those shares and within the relevant period;

(f)the company in which those shares are shares has its approval as a venture capital trust withdrawn in a case to which section 842AA(8) of the Taxes Act does not apply; or

(g)the relief given under Part I of Schedule 15B to the Taxes Act by reference to those shares is withdrawn or reduced in circumstances not falling within any of paragraphs (a) to (f) above.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1) above—

  • “non-qualifying holdings” means any shares or securities other than any ordinary shares (within the meaning of section 151A) in a venture capital trust; and

  • “the relevant period”, in relation to any relevant shares, means the period of five years beginning with the time when the investor made the qualifying investment by virtue of which he acquired those shares.

(3)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1) above there shall not be a chargeable event by virtue of sub-paragraph (1)(d) or (e) above in relation to any shares if—

(a)the reason why the person in question becomes a non-resident is that he works in an employment or office all the duties of which are performed outside the United Kingdom, and

(b)he again becomes resident or ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom within the period of three years from the time when he became a non-resident, without having meanwhile disposed of any of those shares;

and, accordingly, no assessment shall be made by virtue of sub-paragraph (1)(d) or (e) above before the end of that period in any case where the condition in paragraph (a) above is satisfied and the condition in paragraph (b) above may be satisfied.

(4)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (3) above a person shall be taken to have disposed of any shares if and only if there has been such a disposal as would, if the person making the disposal had been resident in the United Kingdom, have been a chargeable event in relation to those shares.

(5)Where in any case—

(a)the investor or a person who has acquired any relevant shares on a disposal within marriage dies, and

(b)an event occurs at or after the time of the death which (apart from this sub-paragraph) would be a chargeable event in relation to any relevant shares held by the deceased immediately before his death,

that event shall not be chargeable event in relation to the shares so held.

(6)Without prejudice to the operation of paragraphs 4 and 5 below in a case falling within sub-paragraph (1)(f) above, the references in this paragraph to a disposal shall not include references to the disposal which by virtue of section 151B(6) is deemed to take place in such a case.

Gain accruing on chargeable event

4(1)On the occurrence of a chargeable event in relation to any relevant shares in relation to which there has not been a previous chargeable event—

(a)a chargeable gain shall be treated as accruing at the time of the event; and

(b)the amount of the gain shall be equal to so much of the original gain as is an amount against which there has under this Schedule been set any expenditure on those shares.

(2)In determining for the purposes of this Schedule any question whether any shares to which a chargeable event relates are shares the expenditure on which has under this Schedule been set against the whole or any part of any gain, the assumptions in sub-paragraph (3) below shall apply and, in a case where the shares are not (within the meaning of section 151B) eligible for relief under section 151A(1), shall apply notwithstanding anything in any of sections 104, 105 and 107.

(3)Those assumptions are that—

(a)as between shares acquired by the same person on different days, those acquired on an earlier day are disposed of by that person before those acquired on a later day; and

(b)as between shares in a company that were acquired on the same day, those the expenditure on which has been set under this Schedule against the whole or any part of any gain are disposed of by that person only after he has disposed of any other shares in that company that were acquired by him on that day.

(4)Where at the time of a chargeable event any relevant shares are treated for the purposes of this Act as represented by assets which consist of or include assets other than the relevant shares—

(a)the expenditure on those shares which was set against the gain in question shall be treated, in determining for the purposes of this paragraph the amount of expenditure on each of those assets which is to be treated as having been set against that gain, as apportioned in such manner as may be just and reasonable between those assets; and

(b)as between different assets treated as representing the same relevant shares, the assumptions mentioned in sub-paragraph (3) above shall apply with the necessary modifications in relation to those assets as they would apply in relation to the shares.

Persons to whom gain accrues

5(1)The chargeable gain which accrues in accordance with paragraph 4 above on the occurrence in relation to any relevant shares of a chargeable event shall be treated as accruing, as the case may be—

(a)to the person who makes the disposal,

(b)to the person who holds the shares in question at the time of the exchange or deemed exchange,

(c)to the person who becomes a non-resident,

(d)to the person who holds the shares in question when the withdrawal of the approval takes effect, or

(e)to the person who holds the shares in question when the circumstances arise in respect of which the relief is withdrawn or reduced.

(2)Where—

(a)sub-paragraph (1) above provides for the holding of shares at a particular time to be what identifies the person to whom any chargeable gain accrues, and

(b)at that time, some of those shares are held by the investor and others are held by a person to whom the investor has transferred them by a disposal within marriage,

the amount of the chargeable gain accruing by virtue of paragraph 4 above shall be computed separately in relation to the investor and that person without reference to the shares held by the other.

Interpretation

6(1)In this Schedule “non-resident” means a person who is neither resident nor ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom.

(2)In this Schedule references to a disposal within marriage are references to any disposal to which section 58 applies.

(3)Notwithstanding anything in section 288(5), shares shall not for the purposes of this Schedule be treated as issued by reason only of being comprised in a letter of allotment or similar instrument.

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