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Judicial Pensions and Retirement Act 1993

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26 Retirement date for holders of certain judicial offices etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Subject to the following provisions of this section, a person holding any of the offices for the time being specified in Schedule 5 to this Act (a “relevant office”) shall vacate that office on the day on which he attains the age of 70 or such lower age as may for the time being be specified for the purpose in the enactments and instruments relating to that office, whenever passed or made.

(2)Any reference in this section to a person’s holding an office includes a reference to his being a member of, or otherwise included in, any panel or list of persons appointed, nominated, approved or otherwise selected to serve from time to time in that office (whether or not the panel or list is required by or under any enactment); and any reference in this section or Schedule 5 to this Act to any particular office or to an office of any class or description, or to a person’s appointment to, or vacation of, an office, shall be construed accordingly.

(3)Subject to the transitional provision referred to in subsection (11) below, subsection (1) above applies whether the person was appointed to the office before or after the coming into force of this section; but nothing in this Act, or in any amendment made by it, shall be taken—

(a)to preclude a person from vacating his office before the compulsory retirement date for that office in his case; or

(b)to prevent a person’s appointment to an office coming to an end before that date, in accordance with the terms on which he was appointed.

(4)Subsections (5) and (6) below apply in relation to any holder (whenever appointed) of a relevant office for which the compulsory retirement date in his case falls on or after the day on which he attains the age of 70, except—

(a)Lord of Appeal in Ordinary;

(b)judge of the Supreme Court of England and Wales;

(c)Lord President of the Court of Session, Lord Justice Clerk or other judge of the Court of Session;

(d)Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland or Lord Justice of Appeal, or judge of the High Court, in Northern Ireland.

(5)If, in a case where this subsection applies, the appropriate Minister considers it desirable in the public interest that the holder of a relevant office should continue in that office after his compulsory retirement date, he may authorise the person to continue in office, either generally or for such purpose as he may notify to the person, for a period not exceeding one year and not extending beyond the day on which the person attains the age of 75.

(6)If, on the expiration of the period for which a person is authorised to continue in office—

(a)by virtue of subsection (5) above, or

(b)by any previous exercise of the power conferred by this subsection,

the appropriate Minister considers it desirable in the public interest to retain the person in office for a further period, he may authorise him to continue in office, either generally or for such purpose as he may notify to the person, for a further period not exceeding one year and not extending beyond the day on which the person attains the age of 75.

(7)After the day on which a person attains the age of 75, he shall not hold any relevant office nor shall he—

(a)be a member of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, unless he is the Lord Chancellor;

(b)participate in the hearing and determination of any appeal, or any petition for leave to appeal, to the House of Lords, unless he is the Lord Chancellor;

(c)act as a judge under or by virtue of section 9(1) of the M1Supreme Court Act 1981;

(d)hold office as a deputy Circuit judge, within the meaning of section 24 of the M2Courts Act 1971;

(e)sit and act as a judge under or by virtue of section 7 of the M3Judicature (Northern Ireland) Act 1978;

(f)act as a deputy, or as a temporary additional officer, under subsection (1) of section 91 of the M4Supreme Court Act 1981 by virtue of subsection (3) of that section (persons who would otherwise be disqualified by age);

(g)hold office as a deputy district judge in any district registry under subsection (1) of section 102 of that Act by virtue of subsection (3) of that section (persons who would otherwise be disqualified by age) or, in the case of a person who has previously held the office of district judge for a county court district, as a deputy district judge under section 8 of the M5County Courts Act 1984;

(h)hold any office—

(i)to which appointments are made by or under any Act or statutory instrument;

(ii)for which there would, apart from this paragraph, be no compulsory retirement date; and

(iii)for appointment to which only persons who have held relevant office are eligible;

and this subsection applies whether or not the person was invited to act as a judge, or was appointed to the office in question, or to some other office by virtue of which he would (apart from this subsection) hold the office in question, before the appointed day.

(8)After the day on which a person attains the age of 70, he shall not be appointed or re-appointed as—

(a)one of the additional members, referred to in subsection (5) of section 9 of the M6Wireless Telegraphy Act 1949, of the appeal tribunal established under that section;

(b)the person, or one of the persons, constituting a tribunal for the purposes of section 150(3) of the M7Mines and Quarries Act 1954, or as an assessor assisting such a tribunal;

(c)an assessor assisting with an inquiry under section [F1 61 of the Merchant Shipping Act 1995];

F2(d). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F3(e). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F3(f). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(g)an arbitrator, or (in Scotland) an arbiter, under paragraph 9(2) of Schedule 10 to the M8Electricity Act 1989;

(h)chairman of a tribunal constituted under [F4Schedule 2 to the School Inspections Act 1996];

F3(j). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(9)The appropriate Minister may by order—

(a)amend Schedule 5 to this Act by adding offices to those for the time being specified in that Schedule; or

(b)amend subsection (8) above by adding offices to those for the time being specified in that subsection.

(10)As from the appointed day, the enactments and instruments mentioned in Schedule 6 to this Act shall have effect with the amendments specified in that Schedule; but those amendments are subject to section 27 below and Schedule 7 to this Act.

(11)Schedule 7 to this Act shall have effect for the purpose of making transitional provision in relation to persons holding relevant offices immediately before the appointed day; and—

(a)subsections (1) and (3) above are subject to the provisions of that Schedule; and

(b)any reference in this section to the compulsory retirement date for an office shall be construed in accordance with those provisions.

(12)In this section—

  • the appointed day” means the day appointed under section 31 below for the coming into force of this section;

  • the compulsory retirement date” for an office means the day on which a holder of that office is or, apart from any continuation power, would be required by any enactment or statutory instrument to vacate that office, being either—

    (a)

    the day on which he attains a particular age; or

    (b)

    a day falling to be determined by reference to his attaining a particular age;

  • continuation power” means a power conferred by an enactment or statutory instrument on a Minister of the Crown to authorise the holder of an office to continue in that office until a later day than that on which, apart from any exercise of the power, he would be required by any enactment or statutory instrument to vacate that office;

and any reference to vacating an office includes a reference to retiring from it.

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Amendments (Textual)

F1Words in s. 26(8)(c) substituted (1.1.1996) by 1995 c. 21, ss. 314(2), 316(2), Sch. 13 para.93(a) (with s. 312(1))

F3S. 26(8)(e)(f)(j) repealed (1.12.2001) by S.I. 2001/3649, arts. 1, 113

F4Words in s. 26(8)(h) substituted (1.11.1996) by 1996 c. 57, s. 47(1), Sch. 6 para. 6

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C3S. 26(1) applied (1.1.1996) by S.I. 1995/3192, art. 4(a)

C4S. 26(3)(11) restricted (1.1.1996) by S.I. 1995/3192, art. 4(b)(i)(ii)

C5S. 26(4)-(6) restricted (1.1.1996) by S.I. 1995/3192, art. 5

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