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Commencement Orders bringing legislation that affects this Act into force:
[F1 Where a constable has reasonable grounds for suspecting that a person is committing an offence under the foregoing provisions of this Act, or has committed an offence under those provisions or those of the M1 Badgers Act 1973 and that evidence of the commission of the offence is to be found on that person or any vehicle or article he may have with him, the constable may—
(a)without warrant stop and search that person and any vehicle or article he may have with him;
(b)seize and detain for the purposes of proceedings under any of those provisions anything which may be evidence of the commission of the offence or may be liable to be forfeited under section 12(4) below;
(c)in Scotland arrest that person without warrant if he fails to give his full name and address to the constable’s satisfaction.]
[F1(1)A constable who suspects with reasonable cause that any person is committing or has committed an offence under this Act may, without warrant—
(a)stop and search that person if the constable suspects with reasonable cause that evidence of the commission of the offence is to be found on that person;
(b)search for, search or examine any thing which that person may then be using or may have used, or may have or have had in the person’s possession, if the constable suspects with reasonable cause that evidence of the commission of the offence is to be found in or on that thing;
(c)arrest that person;
(d)seize and detain for the purposes of proceedings under this Act any thing which may be evidence of the commission of the offence or may be liable to be forfeited under section 12(4) below.
(2)A constable who suspects with reasonable cause that any person is committing or has committed an offence under this Act may, for the purpose of exercising the powers conferred by subsection (1) above, enter any land other than a dwelling or lockfast premises.
(3)If a sheriff or justice of the peace is satisfied, by evidence on oath, that there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that an offence under this Act has been committed and that evidence of the offence may be found on any premises, the sheriff or justice may grant a warrant authorising a constable to enter those premises, if necessary using reasonable force, and search them for the purposes of obtaining that evidence.
(4)A warrant under subsection (3) above continues in force until the purpose for which the entry is required has been satisfied or, if earlier, the expiry of such period as the warrant may specify.
(5)A constable authorised by virtue of this section to enter any land must, if required to do so by the occupier or anyone acting on the occupier’s behalf, produce evidence of the constable’s authority.
(6)A constable who enters any land in the exercise of a power conferred by this section—
(i)be accompanied by any other persons; and
(ii)take any machinery, other equipment or materials on to the land,
for the purpose of assisting the constable in the exercise of that power;
(b)may take samples of any articles or substances found there and remove the samples from the land.
(7)A power specified in subsection (6)(a) or (b) above which is exercisable under a warrant is subject to the terms of the warrant.
(8)A constable leaving any land which has been entered in exercise of a power conferred by subsection (2) above or by a warrant under subsection (3) above, being either unoccupied land or land from which the occupier is temporarily absent, must leave it as effectively secured against unauthorised entry as the constable found it.]
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