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[F1(1)An internal drainage board may make byelaws for Purpose 1, 2 or 3.
(1A)A local authority, except an English county council, may make byelaws for Purpose 1, 2, 3 or 4.
(1B)An English county council which is a lead local flood authority may make byelaws for Purpose 3 or 4.
(1C)Purpose 1 is to secure the efficient working of a drainage system in the authority's district or area.
(1D)Purpose 2 is to regulate the effects on the environment in the authority's district or area of a drainage system.
(1E)Purpose 3 is to secure the effectiveness of flood risk management work within the meaning of section 14A.
(1F)Purpose 4 is to secure the effectiveness of works done in reliance on section 38 or 39 of the Flood and Water Management Act 2010 (incidental flooding or coastal erosion).]
(2)[F2 Byelaws may, in particular, have the purpose of ]—
(a)regulating the use and preventing the improper use of any watercourses, banks or works vested in them or under their control or for preserving any such watercourses, banks or works from damage or destruction;
(b)regulating the opening of sluices and flood gates in connection with any such works as are mentioned in paragraph (a) above;
(c)preventing the obstruction of any watercourse vested in them or under their control by the discharge into it of any liquid or solid matter or by reason of any such matter being allowed to flow or fall into it;
(d)compelling the persons having control of any watercourse vested in the board or local authority or under their control, or of any watercourse flowing into any such watercourse, to cut the vegetable growths in or on the bank of the watercourse and, when cut, to remove them.
[F3(3)An internal drainage board may not rely on this section to do anything in connection with a main river, the banks of a main river or any drainage works in connection with a main river.]
(4)No byelaw for any purpose specified in subsection (2)(a) above shall be valid if it would prevent reasonable facilities being afforded for enabling a watercourse to be used by stock for drinking purposes.
(5)Byelaws made under this section shall not be valid until they are confirmed—
(a)in the case of byelaws made by an internal drainage board, by the relevant Minister;
(b)in the case of byelaws made by a local authority, in relation to any area of England, by the Minister; and
(c)[F4in the case of byelaws made by a local authority in relation to any area of Wales, by the Secretary of State.]
and Schedule 5 to this Act and section 236 of the M1Local Government Act 1972 (procedure for byelaws) shall have effect, respectively, in relation to byelaws made under this section by an internal drainage board and in relation to byelaws made under this section by a local authority.
[F5(5A)Subsection (5) is subject to section 66A(1).]
[F6(5A)In the case of byelaws made by a local authority in relation to any area of Wales, byelaws under this section shall not be valid until they are confirmed by the Welsh Ministers.
(5B)Sections 7 and 8 of the Local Government Byelaws (Wales) Act 2012 shall have effect in relation to byelaws under this section made by a local authority in Wales.]
(6)If any person acts in contravention of, or fails to comply with, any byelaw made under this section he shall be guilty of an offence and liable, on summary conviction—
(a)to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale; and
(b)if the contravention or failure is continued after conviction, to a further fine not exceeding £40 for every day on which the contravention or failure is so continued.
(7)If any person acts in contravention of, or fails to comply with, any byelaw made under this section by an internal drainage board or local authority, the board or authority may, without prejudice to any proceedings under subsection (6) above—
(a)take such action as may be necessary to remedy the effect of the contravention or failure; and
(b)recover the expenses reasonably incurred by them in doing so from the person in default.
(8)For the purposes of this section—
(a)subsections (1) and (3) of section 16 above shall apply in relation to the powers conferred by this section as they apply in relation to the powers conferred by section 14 above; and
(b)section 17 above shall apply in relation to the carrying out by a local authority of any drainage works authorised by subsection (7) above as it applies in relation to the carrying out of any drainage works authorised by section 14(1) above;
but nothing in this section shall authorise the carrying out of any works in connection with a main river.
(9)Notwithstanding anything in this Act, no byelaw made by an internal drainage board or local authority under this section shall conflict with or interfere with the operation of any byelaw made by a navigation authority, harbour authority or conservancy authority.
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