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Criminal Justice Act 1988

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Part IE+W Extradition

PreliminaryE+W+S+N.I.

1—21. Scope of Part I.E+W+S+N.I.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F1

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Amendments (Textual)

Suppression of terrorismE+W+S+N.I.

22 Suppression of terrorism.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Schedule 1 to the M1Suppression of Terrorism Act 1978 shall be amended as follows.

(2)The following sub-paragraph shall be inserted before paragraph 8(a)—

(za)section 4 (soliciting etc. to commit murder);.

(3)The following shall be inserted after paragraph 9—

9AThe offence of torture under section 134 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988..

(4)The following shall be inserted after paragraph 13—

13A Nuclear material

13AAn offence under any provision of the Nuclear Material (Offences) Act 1983..

(5)The following shall be added at the end—

21 Conspiracy

21An offence of conspiring to commit any offence mentioned in a preceding paragraph of this Schedule..

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Marginal Citations

F2F2Part IIE+W Documentary Evidence in Criminal Proceedings

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

Part IIIE+W Other Provisions about Evidence in Criminal Proceedings

F1529. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

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Amendments (Textual)

30 Expert reports.E+W

(1)An expert report shall be admissible as evidence in criminal proceedings, whether or not the person making it attends to give oral evidence in those proceedings.

(2)If it is proposed that the person making the report shall not give oral evidence, the report shall only be admissible with the leave of the court.

(3)For the purpose of determining whether to give leave the court shall have regard—

(a)to the contents of the report;

(b)to the reasons why it is proposed that the person making the report shall not give oral evidence;

(c)to any risk, having regard in particular to whether it is likely to be possible to controvert statements in the report if the person making it does not attend to give oral evidence in the proceedings, that its admission or exclusion will result in unfairness to the accused or, if there is more than one, to any of them; and

(d)to any other circumstances that appear to the court to be relevant.

(4)An expert report, when admitted, shall be evidence of any fact or opinion of which the person making it could have given oral evidence.

[F16(4A)Where the proceedings mentioned in subsection (1) above are proceedings before a magistrates’ court inquiring into an offence as examining justices this section shall have effect with the omission of—

(a)in subsection (1) the words “whether or not the person making it attends to give oral evidence in those proceedings", and

(b)subsections (2) to (4).]

(5)In this section “expert report” means a written report by a person dealing wholly or mainly with matters on which he is (or would if living be) qualified to give expert evidence.

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Amendments (Textual)

F16S. 30(4A) inserted (4.7.1996 with effect as mentioned in Sch. 1 Pt. III para. 39 of the amending Act) by 1996 c. 25, s. 47, Sch. 1 Pt. II para.32 (with s. 78(1)); S.I. 1997/683, art. 1(2)

31 Form of evidence and glossaries.E+W

For the purpose of helping members of juries to understand complicated issues of fact or technical terms [F17Criminal Procedure Rules] may make provision—

(a)as to the furnishing of evidence in any form, notwithstanding the existence of admissible material from which the evidence to be given in that form would be derived; and

(b)as to the furnishing of glossaries for such purposes as may be specified;

in any case where the court gives leave for, or requires, evidence or a glossary to be so furnished.

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Amendments (Textual)

32 Evidence through television links.E+W

(1) A person other than the accused may give evidence through a live television link [F18in proceedings to which subsection (1A) below applies] if—

(a)the witness is outside the United Kingdom; F19. . .

(b)F19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

but evidence may not be so given without the leave of the court.

[F20(1A)This subsection applies—

(a)to trials on indictment, appeals to the criminal division of the Court of Appeal and hearings of references under [F21section 9 of the Criminal Appeal Act 1995]]; and

(b)to proceedings in youth courts [F22, appeals to the Crown Court arising out of such proceedings and hearings of references under section 11 of the Criminal Appeal Act 1995 so arising].

(2)F23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3)A statement made on oath by a witness outside the United Kingdom and given in evidence through a link by virtue of this section shall be treated for the purposes of section 1 of the M6Perjury Act 1911 as having been made in the proceedings in which it is given in evidence.

(3A)F23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3B)F23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3C)F23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3D)F23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3E)F23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)Without prejudice to the generality of any enactment conferring power to make [F24Criminal Procedure Rules] , such rules may make such provision as appears to the [F25Criminal Procedure Rule Committee] to be necessary or expedient for the purposes of this section.

(5)F26. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(6)F23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F19S. 32(1)(b) and word preceding it repealed (24.7.2002 for specified purposes and otherwise 6.12.2006) by 1999 c. 23, ss. 67, 68(3), Sch. 6 (with Sch. 7 paras. 3(2), 5(2)); S.I. 2002/1739, art. 2(g)(iii)); S.I. 2006/2885, art. 2(b)(vii)(aa)

F21Words in s. 32(1A)(a) substituted (31.3.1997) by 1995 c. 35, s. 29(1), Sch. 2 , para. 16(2)(a); S.I. 1997/402, art. 3

F23S. 32(2)(3A)-(3E)(6) repealed (24.7.2002 for specified purposes and 6.12.2006 otherwise) by 1999 c. 23, ss. 67, 68(3), Sch. 6 (with Sch. 7 paras. 3(2), 5(2)); S.I. 2002/1739, art. 2(g)(iii)); S.I. 2006/2885, art. 2(b)(vii)(aa)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2S. 32(1)(1)(b)(2)(a)-(c)(3) applied (with modifications) (8.3.1993) by S.I. 1993/244, art. 2

C3S. 32(1)(3) applied (with modifications) (31.10.2009) by The Court Martial Appeal Court (Evidence) Order (S.I. 2009/2569), {art. 3}

Commencement Information

I1S. 32 partly in force; s. 32 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 171; s. 32 except subsections (1)(a)(3) in force at 5.1.1989 by 1988/2073, art. 2, Sch.; s. 32(1)(a)(3) in force for certain purposes at 1.9.2004 by S.I. 2004/2167, art. 2 (subject to art. 3)

Marginal Citations

32A Video recordings of testimony from child witnesses.E+W

F27. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F27S. 32A repealed (24.7.2002 for certain specified purposes and 6.12.2006 otherwise) by 1999 c. 23, ss. 67, 68(3), Sch. 6 (with Sch. 7 paras. 3(2), 5(2)); S.I. 2002/1739, art. 2(g)(iii); S.I. 2006/2885, art. 2(b)(vii)(bb)

33 Evidence of persons under 14 in committal proceedings.E+W

The following section shall be substituted for section 103 of the M7Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980—

103 Evidence of persons under 14 in committal proceedings for assault, sexual offences etc.

(1)In any proceedings before a magistrates’ court inquiring into an offence to which this section applies as examining justices—

(a)a child shall not be called as a witness for the prosecution; but

(b)any statement made by or taken from a child shall be admissible in evidence of any matter of which his oral testimony would be admissible,

except in a case where the application of this subsection is excluded under subsection (3) below.

(2)This section applies—

(a)to an offence which involves an assault, or injury or a threat of injury to, a person;

(b)to an offence under section 1 of the Children and Young Persons Act 1933 (cruelty to persons under 16);

(c)to an offence under the Sexual Offences Act 1956, the Indecency with Children Act 1960, the Sexual Offences Act 1967, section 54 of the Criminal Law Act 1977 or the Protection of Children Act 1978; and

(d)to an offence which consists of attempting or conspiring to commit, or of aiding, abetting, counselling, procuring or inciting the commission of, an offence falling within paragraph (a), (b) or (c) above.

(3)The application of subsection (1) above is excluded—

(a)where at or before the time when the statement is tendered in evidence the defence objects to its admission; or

(b)where the prosecution requires the attendance of the child for the purpose of establishing the identity of any person; or

(c)where the court is satisfied that it has not been possible to obtain from the child a statement that may be given in evidence under this section; or

(d)where the inquiry into the offence takes place after the court has discontinued to try it summarily and the child has given evidence in the summary trial.

(4)Section 28 above shall not apply to any statement admitted in pursuance of subsection (1) above.

(5)In this section “child” means a person under the age of 14..

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Marginal Citations

F2833A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

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Amendments (Textual)

34 Abolition of requirement of corroboration for unsworn evidence of children.E+W

F29(1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(2)Any requirement whereby at a trial on indictment it is obligatory for the court to give the jury a warning about convicting the accused on the uncorroborated evidence of a child is abrogated F30. . ..

(3)Unsworn evidence admitted by virtue of [F31 section 56 of the Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act 1999] may corroborate evidence (sworn or unsworn) given by any other person.

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Amendments (Textual)

F30Words in s. 34(2) repealed (4.9.1995) by 1994 c. 33, ss. 32(2), 168(3), Sch. 11; S.I. 1995/1957, art. 6

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C5S. 34(2) explained (1.10.1996 subject to savings in art. 3 of the commencing S.I.) by 1996 c. 46, s. 6(1)(2); S.I. 1996/2474, arts. 2, 3(1)

F3234A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

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Amendments (Textual)

Part IVE+W+N.I. Reviews of Sentencing

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Pt. IV (ss. 35-36) applied (E.W.)(1.3.1994) by S.I. 1994/119, art.2 (which Order was revoked (16.5.2006) by S.I. 2006/1116, art. 3, Sch. 2)

C7Pt. IV (ss. 35-36) applied (E.W.) (8.2.1995) by S. I. 1995/10, art.2 (which Order was revoked (16.5.2006) by S.I. 2006/1116, art. 3, Sch. 2)

Pt. IV (ss. 34-36) applied (8.4.1996) by S.R. 1996/40, art. 2

Pt. IV (ss. 34-36) applied (21.8.2000) by S.I. 2000/1924, art. 2 (which Order was revoked (16.5.2006) by S.I. 2006/1116, art. 3, Sch. 2)

C8Pt IV (ss. 35-36) applied (E.W.) (13.10.2003) by The Criminal Justice Act 1988 (Reviews of Sentencing) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/2267), art. 2 (which Order was revoked (16.5.2006) by S.I. 2006/1116, art. 3, Sch. 2)

Pt IV (ss. 35-36) applied (16.5.2006) by The Criminal Justice Act 1988 (Reviews of Sentencing) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/1116), art. 2, Sch. 1

35 Scope of Part IV.E+W+N.I.

(1)A case to which this Part of this Act applies may be referred to the Court of Appeal under section 36 below.

(2)Subject to Rules of Court, the jurisdiction of the Court of Appeal under section 36 below shall be exercised by the criminal division of the Court, and references to the Court of Appeal in this Part of this Act shall be construed as references to that division.

(3)This Part of this Act applies to any case [F33

(a)of a description specified in an order under this section; or

(b)in which sentence is passed on a person—

(i)for an offence triable only on indictment; or

(ii)for an offence of a description specified in an order under this section]

(4)The Secretary of State may by order made by statutory instrument provide that this Part of this Act shall apply to any case [F34of a description specified in the order or to any case]in which sentence is passed on a person for an offence triable either way of a description specified in the order.

(5)A statutory instrument containing an order under this section shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(6)In this Part of this Act “sentence” has the same meaning as in the M8Criminal Appeal Act 1968, except that it does not include an interim hospital order under Part III of the M9Mental Health Act 1983, and “sentencing” shall be construed accordingly.

(7)In its application to Northern Ireland, this section shall have effect subject to the modifications set out in subsections (8) to (11).

(8)Subsection (2) shall be omitted.

(9)In this section—

  • offence triable only on indictment” means an offence punishable only on conviction on indictment;

  • offence triable either way” means an offence punishable on conviction on indictment or on summary conviction.

(10)For subsection (5) there shall be substituted—

(5)An order under subsection (4) above shall be a statutory rule for the purposes of the Statutory Rules (Northern Ireland) Order 1979 (and not a statutory instrument), and any such statutory rule shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament in like manner as a statutory instrument, and section 5 of the Statutory Instruments Act 1946 shall apply accordingly..

(11)The references in subsection (6) to the M10Criminal Appeal Act 1968 and Part III of the M11Mental Health Act 1983 shall be respectively construed as references to Part I of the M12Criminal Appeal (Northern Ireland) Act 1980 and Part III of the M13Mental Health (Northern Ireland) Order 1986.

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Amendments (Textual)

F34Words in s. 35(4) inserted (9.1.1995) by 1994 c. 33, s. 168(1), Sch. 9 para. 34(b); S.I. 1994/3192, art. 2,Sch.

Marginal Citations

36 Reviews of sentencing.E+W+N.I.

(1)If it appears to the Attorney General—

(a)that the sentencing of a person in a proceeding in the Crown Court has been unduly lenient; and

(b)that the case is one to which this Part of this Act applies,

he may, with the leave of the Court of Appeal, refer the case to them for them to review the sentencing of that person; and on such a reference the Court of Appeal may—

(i)quash any sentence passed on him in the proceeding; and

(ii)in place of it pass such sentence as they think appropriate for the case and as the court below had power to pass when dealing with him.

(2)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1) above, the condition specified in paragraph (a) of that subsection may be satisfied if it appears to the Attorney General that the judge

[F35(a)erred in law as to his powers of sentencing; or

(b)failed to impose a sentence required by—

(i)section 51A(2) of the Firearms Act 1968;

(ii)section 110(2) or 111(2) of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000; F36. . .

(iii)[F37section 225(2) or 226(2)] of the Criminal Justice Act 2003.]

[F38or

(iv)under section 29(4) or (6) of the Violent Crime Reduction Act 2006.]

.

(3)For the purposes of this Part of this Act any two or more sentences are to be treated as passed in the same proceeding if they would be so treated for the purposes of section [F3911] of the Criminal Appeal Act 1968.

[F40(3A)Where a reference under this section relates to an order under subsection (2) of section 269 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (determination of minimum term in relation to mandatory life sentence), the Court of Appeal shall not, in deciding what order under that section is appropriate for the case, make any allowance for the fact that the person to whom it relates is being sentenced for a second time.]

(4)No judge shall sit as a member of the Court of Appeal on the hearing of, or shall determine any application in proceedings incidental or preliminary to, a reference under this section of a sentence passed by himself.

(5)Where the Court of Appeal have concluded their review of a case referred to them under this section the Attorney General or the person to whose sentencing the reference relates may refer a point of law involved in any sentence passed on that person in the proceeding to [F41the Supreme Court for its opinion] , and [F42the Supreme Court shall consider the point and give its opinion] on it accordingly, and either remit the case to the Court of Appeal to be dealt with or [F43itself deal with the case.]

(6)A reference under subsection (5) above shall be made only with the leave of the Court of Appeal or [F44the Supreme Court] ; and leave shall not be granted unless it is certified by the Court of Appeal that the point of law is of general public importance and it appears to the Court of Appeal or [F44the Supreme Court] (as the case may be) that the point is one which ought to be considered by [F44the Supreme Court] .

(7)For the purpose of dealing with a case under this section the [F45Supreme Court] may exercise any powers of the Court of Appeal.

(8)The supplementary provisions contained in Schedule 3 to this Act shall have effect.

(9)In the application of this section to Northern Ireland—

(a)any reference to the Attorney General shall be construed as a reference to the Attorney General for Northern Ireland;

[F46(aa)the reference to section 51A(2) of the Firearms Act 1968 shall be construed as a reference to Article 70(2) of the Firearms (Northern Ireland) Order 2004;

(ab)the reference to section 29(4) or (6) of the Violent Crime Reduction Act 2006 shall be construed as a reference to paragraph 2(4) or (5) of Schedule 2 to that Act; F47. . . ]

[F48(ac)the reference to any of sections 225 to 229 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 shall be construed as a reference to either of Articles 13 and 14 of the Criminal Justice (Northern Ireland) Order 2008.]

(b)the references to sections [F4911 and 35(1)] of the M14Criminal Appeal Act 1968 shall be construed as references to sections 10(2) and 33(1) of the M15Criminal Appeal (Northern Ireland) Act 1980, respectively.[F50, and

(c)the reference in subsection (3A) to an order specified in subsection (3B) shall be construed as a reference to an order under Article 5(1) of the Life Sentences (Northern Ireland) Order 2001.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F48S. 36(9)(ac) inserted (N.I.) (15.5.2008) by The Criminal Justice (Northern Ireland) Order S.I. 2008/1216 (N.I. 1), arts. 1, 102, Sch. 5 para. 6; S.R. 2008/217, art. 2, Sch.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

Part VE+W+S+N.I. Jurisdiction, Imprisonment, Fines, Etc.

JurisdictionE+W

37 Certain either way offences relating to motor vehicles to be summary offences.E+W

(1)In section 12 of the M16Theft Act 1968 (taking motor vehicle or other conveyance without authority etc.)—

(a)in subsection (2), for the words “on conviction on indictment be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years." there shall be substituted the words “be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or to both."; and

(b)at the end of subsection (4) there shall be added the words “and if he is found guilty of it, he shall be liable as he would have been liable under subsection (2) above on summary conviction.".

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Amendments (Textual)

Marginal Citations

38 Criminal damage etc. as summary offences.E+W

(1)In subsection (1) of section 22 of the M17Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 (under which, where an offence of or related to criminal damage is charged and it appears to a magistrates’ court clear that the value involved does not exceed the relevant sum, the court is required to proceed as if the offence charged were triable only summarily) in the second paragraph (which states the relevant sum) for “£400" there shall be substituted “£2,000".

(2)Subsection (1) above does not apply to an offence charged in respect of an act done before this section comes into force.

(3)The following subsection shall be inserted after subsection (10) of that section—

(11)Where—

(a)the accused is charged on the same occasion with two or more scheduled offences and it appears to the court that they constitute or form part of a series of two or more offences of the same or a similar character; or

(b)the offence charged consists in incitement to commit two or more scheduled offences,

this section shall have effect as if any reference in it to the value involved were a reference to the aggregate of the values involved..

(4)Subsection (3) above does not apply where any of the offences are charged in respect of acts done before this section comes into force.

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Marginal Citations

39 Common assault and battery to be summary offences.E+W

Common assault and battery shall be summary offences and a person guilty of either of them shall be liable to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or to both.

40 Power to join in indictment count for common assault etc.E+W

(1)A count charging a person with a summary offence to which this section applies may be included in an indictment if the charge—

(a)is founded on the same facts or evidence as a count charging an indictable offence; or

(b)is part of a series of offences of the same or similar character as an indictable offence which is also charged,

but only if (in either case) the facts or evidence relating to the offence were disclosed [F52to a magistrates’ court inquiring into the offence as examining justices][F53or are disclosed by material which, in pursuance of regulations made under paragraph 1 of Schedule 3 to the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 (procedure where person sent for trial under section 51 [F54or 51A] ), has been served on the person charged].

(2)Where a count charging an offence to which this section applies is included in an indictment, the offence shall be tried in the same manner as if it were an indictable offence; but the Crown Court may only deal with the offender in respect of it in a manner in which a magistrates’ court could have dealt with him.

(3)The offences to which this section applies are—

(a)common assault;

[F55(aa)an offence under section 90(1) of the Criminal Justice Act 1991 (assaulting a prisoner custody officer);

(ab)an offence under section 13(1) of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994 (assaulting a secure training centre custody officer)]

(b)an offence under section 12(1) of the M18Theft Act 1968 (taking motor vehicle or other conveyance without authority etc.);

(c)an offence under [F56section 103(1)(b) of the Road Traffic Act 1988] (driving a motor vehicle while disqualified);

(d)an offence mentioned in the first column of Schedule 2 to the M19Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 (criminal damage etc.) which would otherwise be triable only summarily by virtue of section 22(2) of that Act; and

(e)any summary offence specified under subsection (4) below.

(4)The Secretary of State may by order made by statutory instrument specify for the purposes of this section any summary offence which is punishable with imprisonment or involves obligatory or discretionary disqualification from driving.

(5)A statutory instrument containing an order under this section shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

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Amendments (Textual)

F52Words in s. 40(1) substituted (4.7.1996 with effect as mentioned in Sch. 1 Pt. II para. 39 of the substituting Act) by 1996 c. 25, s. 47, Sch. 1 Pt. II para. 34, Pt. III para. 39 (with s. 78(1)); S.I. 1997/683, art. 1(2)

F53Words in s. 40(1) inserted (4.1.1999 for specified purposes and otherwise 15.1.2001) by 1998 c. 37, s. 119, Sch. 8 para. 66; S.I. 1998/2327, art. 4(2)(c); S.I. 2000/3283, art. 2(c)

F54Words in s. 40(1) inserted (9.5.2005 for certain purposes and otherwise prosp.) by Criminal Justice Act 2003 (c. 44), ss. 41, 336, Sch. 3 Pt. 2 para. 60(7)(b); S.I. 2005/1267, art. 2(2)(b), Sch. Pt. 2 para. 2(f)

F55S. 40(3)(aa)(ab) inserted (3.2.1995) by 1994 c. 33, s. 168(1), Sch. 9 para. 35; S.I. 1995/127, art. Sch. 1, Appendix A

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

41 Power of Crown Court to deal with summary offence where person committed for either way offence.E+W

(1)Where a magistrates’ court commits a person to the Crown Court for trial on indictment for an offence triable either way or a number of such offences, it may also commit him for trial for any summary offence with which he is charged and which—

(a)is punishable with imprisonment or involves obligatory or discretionary disqualification from driving; and

(b)arises out of circumstances which appear to the court to be the same as or connected with those giving rise to the offence, or one of the offences, triable either way,

whether or not evidence relating to that summary offence appears on the depositions or written statements in the case; and the trial of the information charging the summary offence shall then be treated as if the magistrates’ court had adjourned it under section 10 of the M20Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 and had not fixed the time and place for its resumption.

(2)Where a magistrates’ court commits a person to the Crown Court for trial on indictment for a number of offences triable either way and exercises the power conferred by subsection (1) above in respect of a summary offence, the magistrates’ court shall give the Crown Court and the person who is committed for trial a notice stating which of the offences triable either way appears to the court to arise out of circumstances which are the same as or connected with those giving rise to the summary offence.

(3)A magistrates’ court’s decision to exercise the power conferred by subsection (1) above shall not be subject to appeal or liable to be questioned in any court.

(4)The committal of a person under this section in respect of an offence to which section 40 above applies shall not preclude the exercise in relation to the offence of the power conferred by that section; but where he is tried on indictment for such an offence, the functions of the Crown Court under this section in relation to the offence shall cease.

(5)If he is convicted on the indictment, the Crown Court shall consider whether the conditions specified in subsection (1) above were satisfied.

(6)If it considers that they were satisfied, it shall state to him the substance of the summary offence and ask him whether he pleads guilty or not guilty.

(7)If he pleads guilty, the Crown Court shall convict him, but may deal with him in respect of that offence only in a manner in which a magistrates’ court could have dealt with him.

[F57(8)If he does not plead guilty, the Crown Court may try him for the offence, but may deal with him only in a manner in which a magistrates' court could have dealt with him.]

(9)F58. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(10)The Crown Court shall inform the [F59designated officer for] the magistrates’ court of the outcome of any proceedings under this section.

(11)Where the Court of Appeal allows an appeal against conviction of an offence triable either way which arose out of circumstances which were the same as or connected with those giving rise to a summary offence of which the appellant was convicted under this section—

(a)it shall set aside his conviction of the summary offence and give the [F59designated officer for] the magistrates’ court notice that it has done so; and

(b)it may direct that no further proceedings in relation to the offence are to be undertaken;

and the proceedings before the Crown Court in relation to the offence shall thereafter be disregarded for all purposes.

(12)A notice under subsection (11) above shall include particulars of any direction given under paragraph (b) of that subsection in relation to the offence.

F60(13). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C12S. 41(7) amended (1.10.1992) by Criminal Justice Act 1991 (c. 53, SIF 39:1), s. 18(9) ( with ss. 58(4), 101(1), Sch. 12 para. 6); S.I. 1992/333, art. 2(2), Sch. 2.

Marginal Citations

F6142. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

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Amendments (Textual)

Power of Court of Appeal to order retrialE+W

43 Power of Court of Appeal to order retrial.E+W

(1)The M21Criminal Appeal Act 1968 shall be amended as follows.

(2)In section 7(1), the words “and do so only by reason of evidence received or available to be received by them under section 23 of this Act" shall cease to have effect.

(3)At the end of subsection (1) of section 8 there shall be added the words “but after the end of two months from the date of the order for his retrial he may not be arraigned on an indictment preferred in pursuance of such a direction unless the Court of Appeal give leave."

(4)The following subsections shall be inserted after that subsection—

(1A)Where a person has been ordered to be retried but may not be arraigned without leave, he may apply to the Court of Appeal to set aside the order for retrial and to direct the court of trial to enter a judgment and verdict of acquittal of the offence for which he was ordered to be retried.

(1B)On an application under subsection (1) or (1A) above the Court of Appeal shall have power—

(a)to grant leave to arraign; or

(b)to direct the entry of a judgment and verdict of acquittal,but shall not give leave to arraign unless they are satisfied—

(i)that the prosecution has acted with all due expedition; and

(ii)that there is a good and sufficient cause for a retrial in spite of the lapse of time since the order under section 7 of this Act was made.

(5)Nothing in this section applies where notice of appeal or of application for leave to appeal was given before the commencement of this section.

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Marginal Citations

ImprisonmentE+W+S+N.I.

44 Firearms offences.E+W+S

(1)Part 1 of Schedule 6 to the M22Firearms Act 1968 (prosecution and punishment of offences) shall be amended as follows.

(2)For the third and fourth columns of the entries relating to an offence under section 2(1) (possessing, etc. shotgun without shotgun certificate) there shall be substituted—

(a) Summary.6 months or the statutory maximum or both.
(b) On indictment.3 years or a fine; or both.

(3)Life imprisonment” shall be substituted for “14 years" in the fourth column of the entries relating to offences under—

(a)section 17(2) (possessing firearm or imitation firearm at time of committing or being arrested for certain offences); and

(b)section 18(1) (carrying firearm or imitation firearm with criminal intent).

(4)Nothing in this section shall affect the punishment for an offence committed before this section comes into force.

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Marginal Citations

45 Increase in maximum term of imprisonment for cruelty to children and young persons.E+W+S

(1)In section 1(1)(a) of the M23Children and Young Persons Act 1933 (under which the maximum term of imprisonment for cruelty to persons under 16 is two years) and in section 12(1)(a) of the M24Children and Young Persons (Scotland) Act 1937 (which makes corresponding provision for Scotland), for “two" there shall be substituted “ten".

(2)Nothing in subsection (1) above shall affect the punishment for an offence committed before this section comes into force.

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Marginal Citations

46 Maximum term of imprisonment on summary conviction under Prevention of Crime Act 1953 and maximum fine under Restriction of Offensive Weapons Act 1959.E+W+S

(1)In section 1(1)(a) of the M25Prevention of Crime Act 1953 “six months” shall be substituted for “three months".

(2)The maximum fine that may be imposed for an offence under section 1 of the M26Restriction of Offensive Weapons Act 1959 shall be a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(3)This section shall not have effect in relation to anything done before it comes into force.

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Marginal Citations

47 Corruption.E+W+S

(1)The following paragraph shall be substituted for paragraph (a) of section 2 of the M27Public Bodies Corrupt Practices Act 1889 (penalty for corruption in office)—

(a)be liable—

(i)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or to both; and

(ii)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 7 years or to a fine, or to both; and.

(2)In subsection (1) of section 1 of the M28Prevention of Corruption Act 1906 (punishment of corrupt transactions with agents) for the words from “shall be liable" to the end of the subsection there shall be substituted the words shall be liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or to both; and

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 7 years or to a fine, or to both..

(3)Nothing in this section shall affect the punishment for an offence committed before this section comes into force.

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Marginal Citations

F6248. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F62S. 48 repealed (15.2.1994) by 1993 c. 36, ss. 78(3), 79(14), Sch. 6 Pt.I; S.I. 1994/71, art. 2,Sch., Appendix

49 Repeal of s.134 of Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980.E+W

F63. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

50 Suspended and partly suspended sentences on certain civilians in courts-martial and Standing Civilian Courts.E+W+S+N.I.

F64. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F64S. 50 repealed (28.3.2009 for certain purposes and 31.10.2009 insofar as not yet in force) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), s. 378, 383, Sch. 16 para. 112, Sch. 17; S.I. 2009/812, art. 3 (with transitional provisions in S.I. 2009/1059); S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

Maximum fines under subordinate legislationE+W

51 Statutory maximum as penalty on summary conviction for offences triable either way in subordinate legislation.E+W

(1)For any offence triable either way under a subordinate instrument made before the commencement of this section, the maximum fine which may be imposed on summary conviction shall by virtue of this subsection be the statutory maximum unless the offence is one for which by virtue of the instrument a larger maximum fine may be imposed on summary conviction.

(2)Where apart from this section the maximum fine would be one amount in the case of a first conviction and a different amount in the case of a second or subsequent conviction, subsection (1) above shall apply irrespective of whether the conviction is a first, second or subsequent one.

(3)Subsection (1) above shall not affect so much of any instrument as (in whatever words) makes a person liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding a specified amount for each period of a specified length during which a continuing offence is continued after conviction or the occurrence of any other specified event.

(4)Where there is under any enactment (however framed or worded) contained in an Act passed before the commencement of this section a power by subordinate instrument to impose penal provisions, being a power which allows the creation of offences triable either way, the maximum fine which may in the exercise of that power be authorised on summary conviction in respect of an offence triable either way shall by virtue of this subsection be the statutory maximum unless some larger maximum fine can be authorised on summary conviction of such an offence by virtue of an enactment contained in an Act passed before the commencement of this section.

(5)Where there is under any enactment (however framed or worded) contained in an Act passed before the commencement of this section a power by subordinate instrument to create offences triable either way, the maximum fine for an offence triable either way so created may be expressed as a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum.

(6)Subsection (5) above has effect in relation to exercises of powers before as well as after the commencement of this section.

(7)Nothing in this section shall affect the punishment for an offence committed before the commencement of this section.

(8)In this section and sections 52, 53, 55, 57 and 59 below “fine” includes a pecuniary penalty but does not include a pecuniary forfeiture or pecuniary compensation.

52 Penalties on conviction for summary offences under subordinate legislation— conversion of references to amounts to references to levels on scale.E+W

(1)Where under a relevant subordinate instrument the maximum fine on conviction of a summary offence specified in the instrument is an amount shown in the second column of the standard scale, the reference in the instrument to the amount of the maximum fine shall be construed as a reference to the level in the first column of the standard scale corresponding to that amount.

(2)In subsection (1) above “relevant subordinate instrument” means any instrument made by virtue of an enactment or instrument after 30th April 1984 and before the commencement of this section.

(3)Subsection (1) above shall not affect so much of any instrument as (in whatever words) makes a person liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding a specified amount for each period of a specified length during which a continuing offence is continued after conviction or the occurrence of any other specified event.

(4)Where there is—

(a)under any enactment (however framed or worded) contained in an Act passed before the commencement of this section;

(b)under any instrument (however framed or worded) made by virtue of such an enactment,

a power to provide by subordinate instrument that a person, as regards any summary offence (whether or not created by the instrument) shall be liable on conviction to a fine, a person may be so made liable to a fine not exceeding a specified level on the standard scale.

(5)Subsection (4) above has effect in relation to exercises of powers before as well as after the commencement of this section.

53 Powers to specify maximum fines for summary offences under subordinate instruments— conversion of references to amounts to references to levels on scale—England and Wales.E+W

(1)Where an instrument which was made under an enactment on or after 11th April 1983 but before this section came into force confers on any authority other than a harbour authority a power by subordinate instrument to make a person liable to a fine on conviction of a summary offence of an amount shown in the second column of the standard scale, as that scale had effect when the instrument was made, a reference to the level in the first column of the standard scale which then corresponded to that amount shall be substituted for the reference in the instrument conferring the power to the amount of the fine.

(2)If an order under section 143 of the M29Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 alters the sums specified in section 37(2) of the M30Criminal Justice Act 1982, the second reference to the standard scale in subsection (1) above is to be construed as a reference to that scale as it has effect by virtue of the order.

(3)This section shall not affect so much of any instrument as (in whatever words) makes a person liable on summary conviction to a maximum fine not exceeding a specified amount for each period of a specified length during which a continuing offence is continued.

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Marginal Citations

54 Fines on summary conviction for offences under subordinate instruments— conversion to references to levels on scale—Scotland.E+W

In the M31Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1975, after section 289GC (which is inserted by section 56 of this Act) there shall be inserted the following section—

289GD Fines on summary conviction for offences under subordinate instruments—conversion to references to levels on scale.

(1)Where an instrument which was made under an enactment on or after 11th April 1983 but before the commencement of section 54 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 confers on any authority other than a harbour authority a power by subordinate instrument to make a person liable on summary conviction to a fine of an amount shown in the second column of the standard scale, as that scale had effect when the instrument was made, a reference to the level in the first column of the standard scale which then corresponded to that amount shall be substituted for the reference in the instrument conferring the power to the amount of the fine.

(2)This section shall not affect so much of any instrument as (in whatever words) makes a person liable on summary conviction to a maximum fine not exceeding a specified amount for each period of a specified length during which a continuing offence is continued.

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Marginal Citations

55 Fines under secondary subordinate instruments— England and Wales.E+W

(1)This section applies to any instrument (however framed or worded) which—

(a)was made before 11th April 1983 (the date of the commencement of sections 35 to 50 of the M32Criminal Justice Act 1982); and

(b)confers on any authority other than a harbour authority a power by subordinate instrument to make a person, as regards any summary offence (whether or not created by the latter instrument), liable on conviction to a maximum fine of a specified amount not exceeding £1,000,

but does not affect so much of any such instrument as (in whatever words) confers a power by subordinate instrument to make a person liable on conviction to a fine for each period of a specified length during which a continuing offence is continued.

(2)The maximum fine to which a subordinate instrument made by virtue of an instrument to which this section applies may provide that a person shall be liable on conviction of a summary offence is—

(a)if the specified amount is less than £25 , level 1 on the standard scale;

(b)if it is £25 or more but less than £50, level 2;

(c)if it is £50 or more but less than £200, level 3;

(d)if it is £200 or more but less than £400, level 4; and

(e)if it is £400 or more, level 5.

(3)Subject to subsection (5) below, where an instrument to which this section applies confers a power by subordinate instrument to make a person, as regards a summary offence, liable on conviction to a fine in respect of a specified quantity or a specified number of things, that fine shall be treated for the purposes of this section as being the maximum fine to which a person may be made liable by virtue of the instrument.

(4)Where an instrument to which this section applies confers a power to provide for different maximum fines in relation to different circumstances or persons of different descriptions, the amounts specified as those maximum fines are to be treated separately for the purposes of this section.

(5)Where an instrument to which this section applies confers a power by subordinate instrument to make a person, as regards a summary offence, liable on conviction to a fine in respect of a specified quantity or a specified number of things but also confers a power by subordinate instrument to make a person, as regards such an offence, liable on conviction to an alternative fine, this section shall have effect in relation—

(a)to the alternative fine; and

(b)to any amount that the instrument specifies as the maximum fine for which a subordinate instrument made in the exercise of the power conferred by it may provide,

as well as in relation to the fine mentioned in subsection (3) above.

(6)Section 36 of the M33Criminal Justice Act 1982 (abolition of enhanced penalties under subordinate instruments) shall have effect as if the references in it to an Act included references to an instrument and the reference in subsection (2) to the coming into force of the section were a reference, in relation to an instrument conferring a power such as is mentioned in subsection (1), to the coming into force of this section.

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Marginal Citations

56 Fines under secondary subordinate instruments: Scotland.S

(1)In the M34Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1975, after section 289GB (which was inserted by the M35Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1987) there shall be inserted the following section—

289GC Fines under secondary subordinate instruments— Scotland.

(1)This section applies to any instrument (however framed or worded) which—

(a)was made before 11th April 1983 (the date of commencement of Part IV of the Criminal Justice Act 1982);

(b)confers on any authority other than a harbour authority a power by subordinate instrument to make a person, as regards any summary offence (whether or not created by the latter instrument), liable on conviction to a maximum fine of a specified amount not exceeding £1,000,

but does not affect so much of any such instrument as (in whatever words) confers a power by subordinate instrument to make a person liable on conviction to a fine for each period of a specified length during which a continuing offence is continued.

(2)The maximum fine to which a subordinate instrument made by virtue of an instrument to which this section applies may provide that a person shall be liable on conviction of a summary offence is—

(a)if the specified amount is less than £25, level 1 on the standard scale;

(b)if it is £25 or more but less than £50, level 2;

(c)if it is £50 or more but less than £200, level 3;

(d)if it is £200 or more but less than £400, level 4; and

(e)if it is £400 or more, level 5.

(3)Subject to subsection (5) below, where an instrument to which this section applies confers a power by subordinate instrument to make a person, as regards a summary offence, liable on conviction to a fine in respect of a specified quantity or a specified number of things, that fine shall be treated for the purposes of this section as being the maximum fine to which a person may be made liable by virtue of the instrument.

(4)Where an instrument to which this section applies confers a power to provide for different maximum fines in relation to different circumstances or persons of different descriptions, the amount specified as those maximum fines are to be treated separately for the purposes of this section.

(5)Where an instrument to which this section applies confers a power by subordinate instrument to make a person, as regards a summary offence, liable on conviction to a fine in respect of a specified quantity or a specified number of things but also confers a power by subordinate instrument to make a person, as regards such an offence, liable on conviction to an alternative fine, this section shall have effect in relation—

(a)to the alternative fine; and

(b)to any amount that the instrument specifies as the maximum fine for which a subordinate instrument made in the exercise of the power conferred by it may provide,

as well as in relation to the fine mentioned in subsection (3) above.

(2)Section 289E of the M36Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1975 (penalties for first and subsequent convictions of summary offences to be the same) shall have effect as if the references in it to an Act included references to an instrument and the reference in subsection (5) to the commencement of the section were a reference, in relation to an instrument conferring a power such as is mentioned in subsection (1), to the coming into force of this section.

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Marginal Citations

57 Powers of harbour authorities to provide for maximum fines up to level 4 on standard scale.E+W+S

(1)Where a harbour authority is empowered to provide—

(a)in an instrument made by virtue of an enactment; or

(b)in an instrument made by virtue of an instrument made under an enactment,

that a person, as regards any summary offence (whether or not created by the instrument), shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding an amount less than level 4 on the standard scale, the power shall extend by virtue of this section to making him liable to a fine not exceeding level 4.

(2)Where any enactment or instrument (“the enabling legislation") (however expressed) provides that a person who contravenes any provision of an instrument (“a regulatory instrument") made by a harbour authority—

(a)by virtue of the enabling legislation; or

(b)by virtue of an instrument made under the enabling legislation,

shall be guilty of a summary offence and liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding an amount less than level 4 on the standard scale, the power conferred by the enabling legislation shall by virtue of this section enable the harbour authority to provide in a regulatory instrument that a person, as regards any summary offence created by the regulatory instrument, shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 4.

F6558. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

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Amendments (Textual)

Exceptionally high maximum finesE+W

59 Power to alter exceptionally high maximum fines.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State may by order amend an enactment or subordinate instrument specifying a sum to which this subsection applies so as to substitute for that sum such other sum as appears to him—

(a)to be justified by a change in the value of money appearing to him to have taken place since the last occasion on which the sum in question was fixed; or

(b)to be appropriate to take account of an order altering the standard scale which has been made or is proposed to be made.

(2)Subsection (1) above applies to any sum which—

(a)is specified as the maximum fine which may be imposed on conviction of a summary offence; and

(b)is higher than level 5 on the standard scale.

(3)The Secretary of State may by order amend an enactment or subordinate instrument specifying a sum to which this subsection applies so as to substitute for that sum such other sum as appears to him—

(a)to be justified by a change in the value of money appearing to him to have taken place since the last occasion on which the sum in question was fixed; or

(b)to be appropriate to take account of an order made or proposed to be made altering the statutory maximum.

(4)Subsection (3) above applies to any sum which—

(a)is specified as the maximum fine which may be imposed on summary conviction of an offence triable either way; and

(b)is higher than the statutory maximum.

(5)An order under this section—

(a)shall be made by statutory instrument subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament; and

(b)shall not affect the punishment for an offence committed before it comes into force.

(6)In this section—

  • enactment” includes an enactment contained in an Act passed after this Act; and

  • subordinate instrument” includes an instrument made after the passing of this Act.

Default in payment of fines etc.E+W

60 Periods of imprisonment for default.E+W

(1)In the [F66Table in] paragraph 1 of Schedule 4 to the M37Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980, for the entries relating to amounts not exceeding £10,000 there shall be substituted—

An amount not exceeding £505 days
An amount exceeding £50 but not exceeding £1007 days
An amount exceeding £100 but not exceeding £40014 days
An amount exceeding £400 but not exceeding £1,00030 days
An amount exceeding £1,000 but not exceeding £2,00045 days
An amount exceeding £2,000 but not exceeding £5,0003 months
An amount exceeding £5,000 but not exceeding £10,0006 months.

F67(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F66Words in s. 60(1) substituted (25.8.2000) by 2000 c. 6, ss. 165(1), 168(1), Sch. 9 para. 104

Marginal Citations

61 Default – procedure.E+W

(1)The M38Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 shall be amended as follows.

(2)The following subsections shall be added after section 77(2)—

(3)A magistrates’ court shall have power at any time to do either or both of the following—

(a)to direct that the issue of the warrant of commitment shall be postponed until a time different from that to which it was previously postponed;

(b)to vary any of the conditions on which its issue is postponed,

but only if it thinks it just to do so having regard to a change of circumstances since the relevant time.

(4)In this section “the relevant time” means—

(a)where neither of the powers conferred by subsection (3) above has been exercised previously, the date when the issue of the warrant was postponed under subsection (2) above; and

(b)in any other case, the date of the exercise or latest exercise of either or both of the powers.

(5)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (3) above, if on an application by a person in respect of whom issue of a warrant has been postponed it appears to a justice of the peace acting for the petty sessions area in which the warrant has been or would have been issued that since the relevant time there has been a change of circumstances which would make it just for the court to exercise one or other or both of the powers conferred by that subsection, he shall refer the application to the court.

(6)Where such an application is referred to the court, it shall be the duty of the clerk of the court—

(a)to fix a time and place for the application to be heard; and

(b)to give the applicant notice of the time and place which he fixes.

(7)Where such a notice has been given but the applicant does not appear at the time and place specified in the notice, the court may proceed with the consideration of the application in his absence.

(8)If a warrant of commitment in respect of the sum adjudged to be paid has been issued before the hearing of the application, the court shall have power to order that the warrant shall cease to have effect and, if the applicant has been arrested in pursuance of it, to order that he shall be released, but it shall only make an order under this subsection if it is satisfied that the change of circumstances on which the applicant relies was not put before the court when it was determining whether to issue the warrant..

(3)The following subsection shall be inserted after subsection (4) of section 82 (restriction on power to impose imprisonment for default)—

(4A)The methods of enforcing payment mentioned in subsection (4)(b)(ii) above are—

(a)a warrant of distress under section 76 above;

(b)an application to the High Court or county court for enforcement under section 87 below;

(c)an order under section 88 below;

(d)an attachment of earnings order; and

(e)if the offender is under the age of 21, an order under section 17 of the Criminal Justice Act 1982 (attendance centre orders)..

(4)The following subsections shall be inserted after subsection (5) of that section—

(5A)A magistrates’ court may not issue a warrant of commitment under subsection (5) above at a hearing at which the offender is not present unless the clerk of the court has first served on the offender a notice in writing stating that the court intends to hold a hearing to consider whether to issue such a warrant and giving the reason why the court so intends.

(5B)Where after the occasion of an offender’s conviction by a magistrates’ court the court holds a hearing for the purpose of considering whether to issue a warrant of commitment for default in paying a sum adjudged to be paid by the conviction, it shall consider such information about the offender’s means as is available to it unless it has previously—

(a)inquired into the offender’s means; and

(b)postponed the issue of the warrant of commitment under section 77(2) above.

(5C)A notice under subsection (5A) above—

(a)shall state the time and place appointed for the hearing; and

(b)shall inform the offender that, if he considers that there are grounds why the warrant should not be issued, he may make representations to the court in person or in writing,

but the court may exercise its powers in relation to the issue of a warrant whether or not he makes representations.

(5D)Except as mentioned in subsection (5E) below, the time stated in a notice under subsection (5A) above shall not be earlier than 21 days after the issue of the notice.

(5E)Where a magistrates’ court exercises in relation to an offender the power conferred by section 77(2) above and at the same hearing issues a notice under subsection (5A) above in relation to him, the time stated in the notice may be a time on any day following the end of the period for which the issue of the warrant of commitment has been postponed.

(5F)A notice under subsection (5A) above to be served on any person shall be deemed to be served on that person if it is sent by registered post or the recorded delivery service addressed to him at his last known address, notwithstanding that the notice is returned as undelivered or is for any other reason not received by that person..

(5)The following section shall be substituted for section 85—

85 Power to remit fine.

(1)Where a fine has been imposed on conviction of an offender by a magistrates’ court, the court may at any time remit the whole or any part of the fine, but only if it thinks it just to do so having regard to a change of circumstances which has occurred—

(a)where the court is considering whether to issue a warrant of commitment after the issue of such a warrant in respect of the fine has been postponed under subsection (2) of section 77 above, since the relevant time as defined in subsection (4) of that section; and

(b)in any other case, since the date of the conviction.

(2)Where the court remits the whole or part of the fine after a term of imprisonment has been fixed, it shall also reduce the term by an amount which bears the same proportion to the whole term as the amount remitted bears to the whole or, as the case may be, shall remit the whole term.

(3)In calculating the reduction in a term of imprisonment required by subsection (2) above any fraction of a day shall be left out of account.

(4)Notwithstanding the definition of “fine” in section 150(1) below, references in this section to a fine do not include any other sum adjudged to be paid on conviction, whether as a pecuniary penalty, forfeiture, compensation or otherwise..

(6)In section 121(2) (magistrates’ court to consist of at least 2 justices when holding an inquiry into the means of an offender for the purposes of section 82) after the word “above" there shall be inserted the words “or determine under that section at a hearing at which the offender is not present whether to issue a warrant of commitment".

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Marginal Citations

62 Fines on companies.E+W

(1)The following section shall be inserted after section 87 of the M39Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980—

87A Fines imposed on companies.

(1)Where—

(a)a magistrates’ court has, or is treated by any enactment as having, adjudged a company by a conviction to pay a sum; and

(b)the court has issued a warrant of distress under section 76(1) above for the purpose of levying the sum; and

(c)it appears on the return to the warrant that the money and goods of the company are insufficient to satisfy the sum with the costs and charges of levying the same,

the clerk of the court may make an application in relation to the company under section 9 or 124 of the Insolvency Act 1986 (administration or winding up).

(2)Any expenses incurred under subsection (1) above by the clerk of a magistrates’ court shall be treated for the purposes of Part VI of the Justices of the Peace Act 1979 as expenses of the magistrates’ courts committee..

(2)The words “ or by the clerk of a magistrates’ court in the exercise of the power conferred by section 87A of the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 (enforcement of fines imposed on companies) ” shall be inserted—

[F68(a)before the words “or by all" in section 9(1) of the Insolvency Act 1986;]

(b)after the word “contributories" in section 124(1) of that Act.

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Amendments (Textual)

Marginal Citations

Fines and other pecuniary penalties—miscellaneousE+W+S

63. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F69E+W+S
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Amendments (Textual)

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Amendments (Textual)

64 Increase of maximum fine under s.32 of the Game Act 1831.E+W

F70. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F7165. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

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Amendments (Textual)

66 Fisheries offences on River Tweed.E+W

(1)Section 38 of the M40Fisheries Act 1981 (which applied certain enactments to so much of the River Tweed as is situated outwith Scotland as if it were situated in Scotland) shall be deemed not to have been excluded from the operation of section 38(1) of the M41Criminal Justice Act 1982 (general increase of fines for summary offences) by paragraph (c) of that subsection (exclusion of offences where fine or maximum fine altered since 29th July 1977).

(2)Nothing in this section shall affect the punishment for an offence committed before this section comes into force.

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Marginal Citations

67 Fines imposed and recognizances forfeited by coroners.E+W

(1)A fine imposed by a coroner, including a fine so imposed before this section comes into force, shall be treated for the purpose of its collection, enforcement and remission as having been imposed by the magistrates’ court for the area in which the coroner’s court was held, and the coroner shall as soon as practicable after imposing the fine give particulars of the fine to the [F72designated officer for] that court.

(2)A coroner shall proceed in the like manner under subsection (1) above in relation to a recognizance forfeited at an inquest held before him, including a recognizance so forfeited before this section comes into force, as if he had imposed a fine upon the person forfeiting that recognizance, and subsection (1) above shall apply accordingly.

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Amendments (Textual)

68. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F73E+W
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Amendments (Textual)

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Amendments (Textual)

ForfeitureE+W

F7469. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

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Amendments (Textual)

70 Forfeiture for drug offences.E+W

In section 27(1) of the M42Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 (forfeiture on conviction of an offence under that Act) after the words “under this Act" there shall be inserted the words “or a drug trafficking offence, as defined in section 38(1) of the M43Drug Trafficking Offences Act 1986".

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Marginal Citations

Part VIE+W+S+N.I. Confiscation of the Proceeds of an Offence

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C13Part VI (ss. 71 to 103) modified: (29.12.1991) by S.I. 1991/2873, art. 3(2), Sch. 2; and (1.9.1995) by S.I. 1995/1968, art. 2(1)

C14Part VI (ss. 71 to 103) applied (1.11.1995) by 1995 c. 11, s. 15(3); S.I. 1995/2650, art. 2

71 Confiscation orders.E+W

F75. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F75S. 71 repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 (c. 29), ss. 456, 457, 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

72- Making of confiscation orders.E+W

F76. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F76S. 72 repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

72A Postponed determinations.E+W

F77. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F77S. 72A repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

72AA Confiscation relating to a course of criminal conduct.E+W

F78. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F78S. 72AA repealed ( 24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 467, 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

73 Statements, etc. relevant to making confiscation orders.E+W

F79. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F79S. 73 repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

73A Provision of information by defendant.E+W

F80. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F80S. 73A repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

74 Definition of principal terms used.E+W

F81. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F81S. 74 repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

[F82Review and revision of certain questions and determinations]E+W

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F82S. 74A (and the heading immediately preceding it) inserted (1.11.1995) by 1995 c. 11, s. 5; S.I. 1995/2650, art.2

74A Review of cases where proceeds of crime not assessed.E+W

F83. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F83S. 74A repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 11; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

74B Revision of assessment of proceeds of crime.E+W

F84. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F84S. 74B repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458(1), Sch. 11 para 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

74C Revision of assessment of amount to be recovered.E+W

F85. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F85S. 74C repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

Enforcement, etc. of confiscation ordersE+W+S

75 Application of procedure for enforcing fines.E+W

F86. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F86S. 75 repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

75A Interest on sums unpaid under confiscation orders.E+W

F87. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F87S. 75A repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

76 Cases in which restraint orders and charging orders may be made.E+W

F88. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F88S. 76 repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

77 Restraint orders.E+W+S

F89. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Extent Information

E1S. 77: for extent of s. 77 see s. 172

Amendments (Textual)

F89S. 77 repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

78 Charging orders in respect of land, securities, etc.E+W

F90. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F90S. 78 repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

79 Charging orders: supplementary provisions.E+W

F91. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F91S. 79 repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

80 Realisation of property.E+W+S

F92. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F92S. 80 repealed ( 24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

81 Application of proceeds of realisation and other sums.E+W

F93. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F93S. 81 repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

82 Exercise of powers by High Court or receiver.E+W+S

F94. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F94S. 82 repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

83 Variation of confiscation orders.E+W

F95. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F95S. 83 repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

84 Bankruptcy of defendant etc.E+W+S

F96. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F96S. 84 repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

85 Sequestration in Scotland of defendant etc.E+W+S

F97. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F97S. 85 repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

86 Winding up of company holding realisable property.E+W+S

F98. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F98S. 86 repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

87 Insolvency officers dealing with property subject to restraint order.E+W+S

F99. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F99S. 87 repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

88 Receivers: supplementary provisions.E+W+S

F100. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F100S. 88 repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

89 Compensation.E+W

F101. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F101S. 89 repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

Enforcement in ScotlandS

F10290. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F10391. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F10492. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F10593. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

[F106Money laundering and other offences]E+W+S

93A Assisting another to retain the benefit of criminal conduct.E+W+S

F107. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F107S. 93A repealed (24.2.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/120, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-7 (as amended (24.3.2003) by S.I. 2003/333, art. 14 and S.I. 2003/531, art. 3))

93B Acquisition, possession or use of proceeds of criminal conduct.E+W+S

F108. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F108S. 93B repealed (24.2.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/120, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-7 (as amended (24.3.2003) by S.I. 2003/333, art. 14 and S.I. 2003/531, art. 3))

93C Concealing or transferring proceeds of criminal conduct.E+W+S

F109. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F109S. 93C repealed (24.2.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/120, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-7 (as amended (24.3.2003) by S.I. 2003/333, art. 14 and S.I. 2003/531, art. 3))

93D Tipping-off.E+W+S

F110. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F110S. 93D repealed (24.2.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/120, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-7 (as amended (24.3.2003) by S.I. 2003/333, art. 14 and S.I. 2003/531, art. 3))

93E Application of sections 93A to 93D to Scotland.S

F111. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F111S. 93E repealed (24.2.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/120, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-7 (as amended (24.3.2003) by S.I. 2003/333, art. 14 and S.I. 2003/531, art. 3))

93F Prosecution by order of the Commissioners of Customs and Excise.E+W+S

F112. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F112S. 93F repealed (24.2.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/120, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-7 (as amended (24.3.2003) by S.I. 2003/333, art. 14 and S.I. 2003/531, art. 3))

93G Extension of certain offences to Crown servants and exemptions for regulators etc.E+W+S

F113. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F113S. 93G repealed (24.2.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/120, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-7 (as amended (24.3.2003) by S.I. 2003/333, art. 14 and S.I. 2003/531, art. 3))

[F114Investigations into the proceeds of criminal conduct]E+W

93H Order to make material available.E+W

F115. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F115S. 93H repealed (24.2.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/120, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-7 (as amended (24.3.2003) by S.I. 2003/333, art. 14 and S.I. 2003/531, art. 3))

93I Authority for search.E+W

F116. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F116S. 93I repealed (24.2.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/120, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-7 (as amended (24.3.2003) by S.I. 2003/333, art. 14 and S.I. 2003/531, art. 3))

93J Disclosure of information held by government departments.E+W

F117. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F117S. 93J repealed (24.2.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/120, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-7 (as amended (24.3.2003) by S.I. 2003/333, art. 14 and S.I. 2003/531, art. 3))

Enforcement of external ordersE+W+S+N.I.

94 Enforcement of Northern Ireland orders.E+W+S

F118. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F118S. 94 repealed (24.2.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/120, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-7 (as amended (24.3.2003) by S.I. 2003/333, art. 14 and S.I. 2003/531, art. 3))

F11995. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

96 Enforcement of other external orders.E+W

(1)Her Majesty may by Order in Council—

(a)direct in relation to a country or territory outside the United Kingdom designated by the Order (“a designated country") that, subject to such modifications as may be specified, this Part of this Act shall apply to external confiscation orders and to proceedings which have been or are to be instituted in the designated country and may result in an external confiscation order being made there;

(b)make—

(i)such provision in connection with the taking of action in the designated country with a view to satisfying a confiscation order;

(ii)such provision as to evidence or proof of any matter for the purposes of this section and section 97 below; and

(iii)such incidental, consequential and transitional provision,

as appears to Her Majesty to be expedient; and

(c)without prejudice to the generality of this subsection, direct that in such circumstances as may be specified proceeds which arise out of action taken in the designated country with a view to satisfying a confiscation order shall be treated as reducing the amount payable under the order to such extent as may be specified.

(2)In this Part of this Act—

  • external confiscation order” means an order made by a court in a designated country for the purpose—

(a)of recovering—

(i)property obtained as a result of or in connection with conduct corresponding to an offence to which this Part of this Act applies; or

(ii)the value of property so obtained; or

(b)of depriving a person of a pecuniary advantage so obtained; and

  • modifications” includes additions, alterations and omissions.

(3)An Order in Council under this section may make different provision for different cases or classes of case.

(4)The power to make an Order in Council under this section includes power to modify this Part of this Act in such a way as to confer power on a person to exercise a discretion.

[F120(5)An Order in Council under this section shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F120S. 96(5) substituted (1.12.1993) by 1993 c. 36, s. 21(3)(g); S.I. 1993/2734, art. 2,Sch.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C15S. 96 modified (29.12.1991) by S.I. 1991/2873, arts. 4(1), 5(1)

97 Registration of external confiscation orders.E+W

(1)On an application made by or on behalf of the government of a designated country, the High Court may register an external confiscation order made there if—

(a)it is satisfied that at the time of registration the order is in force and not subject to appeal;

(b)it is satisfied, where the person against whom the order is made did not appear in the proceedings, that he received notice of the proceedings in sufficient time to enable him to defend them; and

(c)it is of the opinion that enforcing the order in England and Wales would not be contrary to the interests of justice.

(2)In subsection (1) above “appeal” includes—

(a)any proceedings by way of discharging or setting aside a judgment; and

(b)an application for a new trial or a stay of execution.

(3)The High Court shall cancel the registration of an external confiscation order if it appears to the court that the order has been satisfied by payment of the amount due under it or by the person against whom it was made serving imprisonment in default of payment or by any other means.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C16S. 97 modified (29.12.1991) by S.I. 1991/2873, arts. 4(1), 5(1)

Miscellaneous and supplementalE+W+S

F12198 .E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F121S. 98 repealed (15.2.1994) by 1993 c. 36, s. 79(13)(14), Sch. 5 Pt. I para. 14(1), Sch. 6 Pt.I, S.I. 1994/71, art. 2, SCh. Appeddix.; s. 98 expressed to be repealed (prosp.) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12

99 Authorisation of delay in notifying arrest etc.E+W

F122. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F122S. 99 repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458(1), Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

100 Power to inspect Land Register, etc.E+W

F123. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F123S. 100 repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531) and s. 100 repealed (21.7.2008) by Statute Law (Repeals) Act 2008 (c. 12), s. 1(1), Sch. 1 Pt. 3

101 Abolition of power to make criminal bankruptcy order.E+W

F124. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F124S. 101 repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

102 Part VI— Interpretation.E+W+S

F125. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F125S. 102 repealed (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(2)(a), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

103 Amendments of Drug Trafficking Offences Act 1986 and Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1987.E+W+S

F126. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

Part VIIE+W+S Compensation by Court and Criminal Injuries Compensation Board

Powers of courtE+W

F127104. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

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Amendments (Textual)

F128105. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

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Amendments (Textual)

106 Discretion of Crown Court to specify extended period of imprisonment in default of payment of compensation.E+W

The following subsections shall be substituted for section 41(8) of the M44Administration of Justice Act 1970—

(8)Subject to subsection (8A) below, where in thecase specified in paragraph 10 of Schedule 9 to this Act the Crown Court thinks that the period for which the person subject to the order is liable apart from this subsection to be committed to prison for default under the order is insufficient, it may specify a longer period for that purpose; and then, in the case of default—

(a)the specified period shall be substituted as the maximum for which the person may be imprisoned under section 76 of the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980; and

(b)paragraph 2 of Schedule 4 to that Act shall apply, with any necessary modifications, for the reduction of the specified period where, at the time of the person’s imprisonment, he has made part payment under the order.

(8A)The Crown Court may not specify under subsection (8) above a period of imprisonment longer than that which it could order a person to undergo on imposing on him a fine equal in amount to the sum required to be paid by the order..

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Marginal Citations

Compensation for victim out of forfeited propertyE+W

F129107. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

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Amendments (Textual)

Prospective

The Criminal Injuries Compensation SchemeE+W+S

F130108. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F130Ss. 108-117 repealed (8.11.1995) by 1995 c. 53, s. 12(1)(7),Sch.

F131109. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F131Ss. 108-117 repealed (8.11.1995) by 1995 c. 53, s. 12(1)(7),Sch.

F132110. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F132Ss. 108-117 repealed (8.11.1995) by 1995 c. 53, s. 12(1)(7),Sch.

F133111. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F133Ss. 108-117 repealed (8.11.1995) by 1995 c. 53, s. 12(1)(7),Sch.

F134112. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F134Ss. 108-117 repealed (8.11.1995) by 1995 c. 53, s. 12(1)(7),Sch.

F135113. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F135Ss. 108-117 repealed (8.11.1995) by 1995 c. 53, s. 12(1)(7),Sch.

F136114. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F136Ss. 108-117 repealed (8.11.1995) by 1995 c. 53, s. 12(1)(7),Sch.

F137115. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F137Ss. 108-117 repealed (8.11.1995) by 1995 c. 53, s. 12(1)(7),Sch.

F138116. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S

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Amendments (Textual)

F138Ss. 108-117 repealed (8.11.1995) by 1995 c. 53, s. 12(1)(7),Sch.

F139117. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F139Ss. 108-117 repealed (8.11.1995) by 1995 c. 53, s. 12(1)(7),Sch.

Part VIIIE+W Amendments of Law Relating to Juries

118 Abolition of peremptory challenge.E+W

(1)The right to challenge jurors without cause in proceedings for the trial of a person on indictment is abolished.

(2)In addition and without prejudice to any powers which the Crown Court may possess to order the exclusion of the public from any proceedings a judge of the Crown Court may order that the hearing of a challenge for cause shall be in camera or in chambers.

119 Persons aged between 65 and 70 to be eligible as jurors.E+W

F140. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

120 Discretionary deferral of jury service.E+W

The following section shall be inserted after section 9 of the Juries Act 1974—

9A Discretionary deferral.

(1)If any person summoned under this Act shows to the satisfaction of the appropriate officer that there is good reason why his attendance in pursuance of the summons should be deferred, the appropriate officer may defer his attendance, and, if he does so, he shall vary the days on which that person is summoned to attend and the summons shall have effect accordingly.

(2)If an application under subsection (1) above has been granted or refused, the powers conferred by that subsection may not be exercised subsequently in relation to the same summons.

(3)Crown Court Rules shall provide a right of appeal to the court (or one of the courts) before which the person is summoned to attend against any refusal of the appropriate officer to defer his attendance under subsection (1) above.

(4)Without prejudice to the preceding provisions of this section, the court (or any of the courts) before which a person is summoned to attend under this Act may defer his attendance..

121 Continuation of trials for murder on death or discharge of juror.E+W

In section 16(2) of the M45Juries Act 1974 (cases where trial not to proceed on death or discharge of juror without assent of prosecution and accused) the words “for murder or shall cease to have effect.

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Marginal Citations

122 Autrefois acquit and autrefois convict.E+W

Where an accused pleads autrefois acquit or autrefois convict it shall be for the judge, without the presence of a jury, to decide the issue.

Part IXE+W+S Young Offenders

123 Custodial sentences for young offenders.E+W

(1)F141. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F142(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F142(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F143(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)F141. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(6)The amendments and transitional provisions in Schedule 8 to this Act shall have effect.

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Amendments (Textual)

124 Detention of young offenders in Scotland.S

(1)In each of sections 207 and 415 of the M46Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1975 for subsections (5) to (10) there shall be substituted the following subsection—

(5)A sentence of detention imposed under this section shall be a sentence of detention in a young offenders institution..

(2)Subject to subsection (3) below, in any enactment—

(a)for a reference to a detention centre there shall be substituted a reference to a young offenders institution; and

(b)for a reference (however expressed) to a detention centre order there shall be substituted a reference to a sentence of detention in a young offenders institution.

(3)Nothing in subsection (2) above applies—

(a)to section 21 of the M47Firearms Act 1968;

(b)to Part I of Schedule I to the M48Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Scotland) Act 1980;

(c)to section 41(2) of the M49Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1980.

(4)The amendments and transitional provisions in Schedule 9 to this Act shall have effect.

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Marginal Citations

125 Abolition of power of court to commit juvenile to remand centre instead of local authority care. 1969 c. 54.E+W

F144. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F145126. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

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Amendments (Textual)

F145S. 126 repealed (9.1.1995) by 1994 c. 33, s. 168(3), Sch.11; S.I. 1994/3192, art. 2,Sch.

F146127. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

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Amendments (Textual)

F147128. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

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Amendments (Textual)

F148129. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

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Amendments (Textual)

130 Computation of sentence—time passed in care of local authority in accommodation provided for restricting liberty. 1967 c. 80.E+W

(1)At the end of section 67(1A) of the Criminal Justice Act 1967 there shall be added the words or—

(c)any period during which, in connection with the offence for which the sentence was passed, he was in the care of a local authority by virtue of an order under section 23 of the Children and Young Persons Act 1969 and in accommodation provided for the purpose of restricting liberty..

(2)This section shall not have effect in relation to any sentence imposed before it comes into force.

Part XE+W Probation and the Probation Service, Etc.

131 Bail: hostel conditions.E+W

(1)In section 3 of the M50Bail Act 1976 (grant of bail) the following subsection shall be inserted after subsection (6)—

(6ZA)Where he is required under subsection (6) above to reside in a bail hostel or probation hostel, he may also be required to comply with the rules of the hostel..

F149(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

Marginal Citations

F150132. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

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Amendments (Textual)

F150S. 132 repealed (5.2.1994) by 1993 c. 47, ss. 32, 33(3), Sch.4

Part XIE+W+S+N.I. Miscellaneous

Miscarriages of justiceE+W+S+N.I.

133 Compensation for miscarriages of justice.E+W+N.I.

(1)Subject to subsection (2) below, when a person has been convicted of a criminal offence and when subsequently his conviction has been reversed or he has been pardoned on the ground that a new or newly discovered fact shows beyond reasonable doubt that there has been a miscarriage of justice, the Secretary of State shall pay compensation for the miscarriage of justice to the person who has suffered punishment as a result of such conviction or, if he is dead, to his personal representatives, unless the non-disclosure of the unknown fact was wholly or partly attributable to the person convicted.

(2)No payment of compensation under this section shall be made unless an application for such compensation has been made to the Secretary of State

[F151before the end of the period of 2 years beginning with the date on which the conviction of the person concerned is reversed or he is pardoned.

(2A)But the Secretary of State may direct that an application for compensation made after the end of that period is to be treated as if it had been made within that period if the Secretary of State considers that there are exceptional circumstances which justify doing so.]

(3)The question whether there is a right to compensation under this section shall be determined by the Secretary of State.

(4)If the Secretary of State determines that there is a right to such compensation, the amount of the compensation shall be assessed by an assessor appointed by the Secretary of State.

[F152(4A)Section 133A applies in relation to the assessment of the amount of the compensation.]

(5)In this section “reversed” shall be construed as referring to a conviction having been quashed—

(a)on an appeal out of time; or

(b)on a reference—

[F153(i)under the Criminal Appeal Act 1995; or]

[F154(ii)under section 194B of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 46);]

F155(iii). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [F156or

(c)on an appeal under section 7 of the Terrorism Act 2000][F157 or

(d)on an appeal under section 12 of the Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005.]

[F158(5A)But in a case where—

(a)a person's conviction for an offence is quashed on an appeal out of time, and

(b)the person is to be subject to a retrial,

the conviction is not to be treated for the purposes of this section as “reversed” unless and until the person is acquitted of all offences at the retrial or the prosecution indicates that it has decided not to proceed with the retrial.

(5B)In subsection (5A) above any reference to a retrial includes a reference to proceedings held following the remission of a matter to a magistrates' court by the Crown Court under section 48(2)(b) of the [F159Senior Courts Act 1981].]

(6)For the purposes of this section [F160and section 133A] a person suffers punishment as a result of a conviction when sentence is passed on him for the offence of which he was convicted.

(7)Schedule 12 shall have effect.

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Extent Information

E2This version of this provision extends to England, Wales and Northern Ireland only; a separate version has been created for Scotland

Amendments (Textual)

F151S. 133: s. 133(2A) and preceding words in 133(2) inserted (E.W.N.I) (1.12.2008) by Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 (c. 4), ss. 61(3) , 153 (with Sch. 27 para. 22); S.I. 2008/2993, art. 2(1)(a)

F154S. 133(5)(b)(ii) substituted (S.) (23.4.2007) by Criminal Proceedings etc. (Reform) (Scotland) Act 2007, (asp 6), ss. 80, 84, {Sch. 5 para. 6(1)}; S.S.I. 2007/250, art. 3(h)(i)

F155S. 133(5)(b)(iii) and the word immediately preceeding it repealed (1.1.1996) by 1995 c. 35, s. 29(2), Sch. 3; S.I. 1995/3061, art. 3(i)(vii) (and s. 133(5)(b)(iii) expressed to be repealed (31.3.1997) by 1995 c. 35, s. 29(1), Sch. 2 para. 16(4); S.I. 1997/402, art. 3(e))

F156S. 133(5)(c) and word or immediately preceding it inserted (19.2.2001) by 2000 c. 11, s. 7(8); S.I. 2001/421, art. 2

133 Compensation for miscarriages of justice.S

(1)Subject to subsection (2) below, when a person has been convicted of a criminal offence and when subsequently his conviction has been reversed or he has been pardoned on the ground that a new or newly discovered fact shows beyond reasonable doubt that there has been a miscarriage of justice, the Secretary of State shall pay compensation for the miscarriage of justice to the person who has suffered punishment as a result of such conviction or, if he is dead, to his personal representatives, unless the non-disclosure of the unknown fact was wholly or partly attributable to the person convicted.

(2)No payment of compensation under this section shall be made unless an application for such compensation has been made to the Secretary of State.

(3)The question whether there is a right to compensation under this section shall be determined by the Secretary of State.

(4)If the Secretary of State determines that there is a right to such compensation, the amount of the compensation shall be assessed by an assessor appointed by the Secretary of State.

[F224(4A)In assessing so much of any compensation payable under this section to or in respect of a person as is attributable to suffering, harm to reputation or similar damage, the assessor shall have regard in particular to—

(a)the seriousness of the offence of which the person was convicted and the severity of the punishment resulting from the conviction;

(b)the conduct of the investigation and prosecution of the offence; and

(c)any other convictions of the person and any punishment resulting from them.]

(5)In this section “reversed” shall be construed as referring to a conviction having been quashed—

(a)on an appeal out of time; or

(b)on a reference—

[F153(i)under the Criminal Appeal Act 1995; or]

[F154(ii)under section 194B of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 46);]

F155(iii). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [F156or

(c)on an appeal under section 7 of the Terrorism Act 2000][F157 or

(d)on an appeal under section 12 of the Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005.]

(6)For the purposes of this section a person suffers punishment as a result of a conviction when sentence is passed on him for the offence of which he was convicted.

(7)Schedule 12 shall have effect.

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Extent Information

E6This version of this provision extends to Scotland only; a separate version has been created for England, Wales and Northern Ireland only

Amendments (Textual)

F154S. 133(5)(b)(ii) substituted (S.) (23.4.2007) by Criminal Proceedings etc. (Reform) (Scotland) Act 2007, (asp 6), ss. 80, 84, {Sch. 5 para. 6(1)}; S.S.I. 2007/250, art. 3(h)(i)

F155S. 133(5)(b)(iii) and the word immediately preceeding it repealed (1.1.1996) by 1995 c. 35, s. 29(2), Sch. 3; S.I. 1995/3061, art. 3(i)(vii) (and s. 133(5)(b)(iii) expressed to be repealed (31.3.1997) by 1995 c. 35, s. 29(1), Sch. 2 para. 16(4); S.I. 1997/402, art. 3(e))

F156S. 133(5)(c) and word or immediately preceding it inserted (19.2.2001) by 2000 c. 11, s. 7(8); S.I. 2001/421, art. 2

[F161133AMiscarriages of justice: amount of compensationE+W+N.I.
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Amendments (Textual)

(1)This section applies where an assessor is required to assess the amount of compensation payable to or in respect of a person under section 133 for a miscarriage of justice.

(2)In assessing so much of any compensation payable under section 133 as is attributable to suffering, harm to reputation or similar damage, the assessor must have regard in particular to—

(a)the seriousness of the offence of which the person was convicted and the severity of the punishment suffered as a result of the conviction, and

(b)the conduct of the investigation and prosecution of the offence.

(3)The assessor may make from the total amount of compensation that the assessor would otherwise have assessed as payable under section 133 any deduction or deductions that the assessor considers appropriate by reason of either or both of the following—

(a)any conduct of the person appearing to the assessor to have directly or indirectly caused, or contributed to, the conviction concerned; and

(b)any other convictions of the person and any punishment suffered as a result of them.

(4)If, having had regard to any matters falling within subsection (3)(a) or (b), the assessor considers that there are exceptional circumstances which justify doing so, the assessor may determine that the amount of compensation payable under section 133 is to be a nominal amount only.

(5)The total amount of compensation payable to or in respect of a person under section 133 for a particular miscarriage of justice must not exceed the overall compensation limit. That limit is—

(a)£1 million in a case to which section 133B applies, and

(b)£500,000 in any other case.

(6)The total amount of compensation payable under section 133 for a person's loss of earnings or earnings capacity in respect of any one year must not exceed the earnings compensation limit.

That limit is an amount equal to 1.5 times the median annual gross earnings according to the latest figures published by the Office of National Statistics at the time of the assessment.

(7)The Secretary of State may by order made by statutory instrument amend subsection (5) or (6) so as to alter any amount for the time being specified as the overall compensation limit or the earnings compensation limit.

(8)No order may be made under subsection (7) unless a draft of the order has been laid before and approved by a resolution of each House of Parliament.

133BCases where person has been detained for at least 10 yearsE+W+N.I.

(1)For the purposes of section 133A(5) this section applies to any case where the person concerned (“P”) has been in qualifying detention for a period (or total period) of at least 10 years by the time when—

(a)the conviction is reversed, or

(b)the pardon is given,

as mentioned in section 133(1).

(2)P was “in qualifying detention” at any time when P was detained in a prison, a hospital or at any other place, if P was so detained—

(a)by virtue of a sentence passed in respect of the relevant offence,

(b)under mental health legislation by reason of P's conviction of that offence (disregarding any conditions other than the fact of the conviction that had to be fulfilled in order for P to be so detained), or

(c)as a result of P's having been remanded in custody in connection with the relevant offence or with any other offence the charge for which was founded on the same facts or evidence as that for the relevant offence.

(3)In calculating the period (or total period) during which P has been in qualifying detention as mentioned in subsection (1), no account is to be taken of any period of time during which P was both—

(a)in qualifying detention, and

(b)in excluded concurrent detention.

(4)P was “in excluded concurrent detention” at any time when P was detained in a prison, a hospital or at any other place, if P was so detained—

(a)during the term of a sentence passed in respect of an offence other than the relevant offence,

(b)under mental health legislation by reason of P's conviction of any such other offence (disregarding any conditions other than the fact of the conviction that had to be fulfilled in order for P to be so detained), or

(c)as a result of P's having been remanded in custody in connection with an offence for which P was subsequently convicted other than—

(i)the relevant offence, or

(ii)any other offence the charge for which was founded on the same facts or evidence as that for the relevant offence.

(5)But P was not “in excluded concurrent detention” at any time by virtue of subsection (4)(a), (b) or (c) if P's conviction of the other offence mentioned in that provision was quashed on appeal, or a pardon was given in respect of it.

(6)In this section—

  • mental health legislation” means—

    (a)

    Part 3 of the Mental Health Act 1983,

    (b)

    Part 3 of the Mental Health (Northern Ireland) Order 1986, or

    (c)

    the provisions of any earlier enactment corresponding to Part 3 of that Act or Part 3 of that Order;

  • the relevant offence” means the offence in respect of which the conviction is quashed or the pardon is given (but see subsection (7));

  • remanded in custody” is to be read in accordance with subsections (8) and (9);

  • reversed” has the same meaning as in section 133 of this Act.

(7)If, as a result of the miscarriage of justice—

(a)two or more convictions are reversed, or

(b)a pardon is given in respect of two or more offences,

the relevant offence” means any of the offences concerned.

(8)In relation to England and Wales, “remanded in custody” has the meaning given by section 242(2) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003, but that subsection applies for the purposes of this section as if any reference there to a provision of the Mental Health Act 1983 included a reference to any corresponding provision of any earlier enactment.

(9)In relation to Northern Ireland, “remanded in custody” means—

(a)remanded in or committed to custody by an order of a court, or

(b)remanded, admitted or removed to hospital under Article 42, 43, 45 or 54 of the Mental Health (Northern Ireland) Order 1986 or under any corresponding provision of any earlier enactment.]

TortureE+W+S+N.I.

134 Torture.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)A public official or person acting in an official capacity, whatever his nationality, commits the offence of torture if in theUnited Kingdom or elsewhere he intentionally inflicts severe pain or suffering on another in the performance or purported performance of his official duties.

(2)A person not falling within subsection (1) above commits the offence of torture, whatever his nationality, if—

(a)in the United Kingdom or elsewhere he intentionally inflicts severe pain or suffering on another at the instigation or with the consent or acquiescence—

(i)of a public official; or

(ii)of a person acting in an official capacity; and

(b)the official or other person is performing or purporting to perform his official duties when he instigates the commission of the offence or consents to or acquiesces in it.

(3)It is immaterial whether the pain or suffering is physical or mental and whether it is caused by an act or an omission.

(4)It shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under this section in respect of any conduct of his to prove that he had lawful authority, justification or excuse for that conduct.

(5)For the purposes of this section “lawful authority, justification or excuse” means—

(a)in relation to pain or suffering inflicted in the United Kingdom, lawful authority, justification or excuse under the law of the part of the United Kingdom where it was inflicted;

(b)in relation to pain or suffering inflicted outside the United Kingdom—

(i)if it was inflicted by a United Kingdom official acting under the law of the United Kingdom or by a person acting in an official capacity under that law, lawful authority, justification or excuse under that law;

(ii)if it was inflicted by a United Kingdom official acting under the law of any part of the United Kingdom or by a person acting in an official capacity under such law, lawful authority, justification or excuse under the law of the part of the United Kingdom under whose law he was acting; and

(iii)in any other case, lawful authority, justification or excuse under the law of the place where it was inflicted.

(6)A person who commits the offence of torture shall be liable on conviction on indictment to imprisonment for life.

135 Requirement of Attorney General’s consent for prosecutions.E+W+N.I.

Proceedings for an offence under section 134 above shall not be begun—

(a)in England and Wales, except by, or with the consent of, the Attorney General; or

(b)in Northern Ireland, except by, or with the consent of, the Attorney General for Northern Ireland.

136, 137.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F162E+W+S+N.I.
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Amendments (Textual)

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Amendments (Textual)

138 Application to Channel Islands, Isle of Man and colonies.E+W

(1)Her Majesty may by Order in Council make provision for extending sections 134 and 135 above, with such modifications and exceptions as may be specified in the Order, to any of the Channel Islands, the Isle of Man or any colony.

(2)(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F163

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Amendments (Textual)

Articles with blades or points and offensive weaponsE+W+S+N.I.

139 Offence of having article with blade or point in public place.E+W

(1)Subject to subsections (4) and (5) below, any person who has an article to which this section applies with him in a public place shall be guilty of an offence.

(2)Subject to subsection (3) below, this section applies to any article which has a blade or is sharply pointed except a folding pocketknife.

(3)This section applies to a folding pocketknife if the cutting edge of its blade exceeds 3 inches.

(4)It shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under this section to prove that he had good reason or lawful authority for having the article with him in a public place.

(5)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (4) above, it shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under this section to prove that he had the article with him—

(a)for use at work;

(b)for religious reasons; or

(c)as part of any national costume.

(6)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) above shall be liable-

[F164(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or both;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding [F165four] years, or a fine, or both.]

(7)In this section “public place” includes any place to which at the material time the public have or are permitted access, whether on payment or otherwise.

(8)This section shall not have effect in relation to anything done before it comes into force.

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Extent Information

E3This version of this provision extends to England and Wales only; a separate version has been created for Northern Ireland only

Amendments (Textual)

F164S. 139(6)(a)(b) substituted (4.7.1996) for words by 1996 c. 26, s.3(1) (with s. 3(2))

139 Offence of having article with blade or point in public place.N.I.

(1)Subject to subsections (4) and (5) below, any person who has an article to which this section applies with him in a public place shall be guilty of an offence.

(2)Subject to subsection (3) below, this section applies to any article which has a blade or is sharply pointed except a folding pocketknife.

(3)This section applies to a folding pocketknife if the cutting edge of its blade exceeds 3 inches.

(4)It shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under this section to prove that he had good reason or lawful authority for having the article with him in a public place.

(5)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (4) above, it shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under this section to prove that he had the article with him—

(a)for use at work;

(b)for religious reasons; or

(c)as part of any national costume.

[F225(6)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) shall be liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or to both;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 4 years, or to a fine, or to both.]

(7)In this section “public place” includes any place to which at the material time the public have or are permitted access, whether on payment or otherwise.

(8)This section shall not have effect in relation to anything done before it comes into force.

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Extent Information

E7This version of this provision extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate version has been created for England and Wales only

Amendments (Textual)

F225S. 139(6) substituted (N.I.) (16.7.2008) by The Criminal Justice (Northern Ireland) Order S.I. 2008/1216 (N.I. 1), arts. 1, 90(3); S.R. 2008/293, art. 2, Sch. para. 14.

[139AF166Offence of having article with blade or point (or offensive weapon) on school premises.E+W

(1)Any person who has an article to which section 139 of this Act applies with him on school premises shall be guilty of an offence.

(2)Any person who has an offensive weapon within the meaning of section 1 of the M51Prevention of Crime Act 1953 with him on school premises shall be guilty of an offence.

(3)It shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (1) or (2) above to prove that he had good reason or lawful authority for having the article or weapon with him on the premises in question.

(4)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (3) above, it shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (1) or (2) above to prove that he had the article or weapon in question with him—

(a)for use at work,

(b)for educational purposes,

(c)for religious reasons, or

(d)as part of any national costume.

(5)A person guilty of an offence—

(a)under subsection (1) above shall be liable—

(i)on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or both;

(ii)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding [F167four] years, or a fine, or both;

(b)under subsection (2) above shall be liable—

(i)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or both;

(ii)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding four years, or a fine, or both.

(6)In this section and section 139B, “school premises” means land used for the purposes of a school excluding any land occupied solely as a dwelling by a person employed at the school; and “school” has the meaning given by [F168section 4 of the Education Act 1996]].

(7)In the application of this section to Northern Ireland—

(a)the reference in subsection (2) above to section 1 of the M52Prevention of Crime Act 1953 is to be construed as a reference to Article 22 of the M53Public Order (Northern Ireland) Order 1987; and

(b)the reference in subsection (6) above to [F168section 4 of the Education Act 1996] is to be construed as a reference to Article 2(2) of the M54Education and Libraries (Northern Ireland) Order 1986.

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Extent Information

E4This version of this provision extends to England and Wales only; a separate version has been created for Northern Ireland only

Amendments (Textual)

F167Word in s. 139A(5)(a)(ii) substituted (E.W.) (12.2.2007) by Violent Crime Reduction Act 2006 (c. 38), ss. {42(1)(b)}, 66(2); S.I. 2007/74, art. 2(a)

Marginal Citations

[139AF166Offence of having article with blade or point (or offensive weapon) on school premises.N.I.

(1)Any person who has an article to which section 139 of this Act applies with him on school premises shall be guilty of an offence.

(2)Any person who has an offensive weapon within the meaning of section 1 of the M51Prevention of Crime Act 1953 with him on school premises shall be guilty of an offence.

(3)It shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (1) or (2) above to prove that he had good reason or lawful authority for having the article or weapon with him on the premises in question.

(4)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (3) above, it shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (1) or (2) above to prove that he had the article or weapon in question with him—

(a)for use at work,

(b)for educational purposes,

(c)for religious reasons, or

(d)as part of any national costume.

(5)A person guilty of an offence—

(a)under subsection (1) above shall be liable—

(i)on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or both;

(ii)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or a fine, or both;

(b)under subsection (2) above shall be liable—

(i)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or both;

(ii)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding four years, or a fine, or both.

[F226(6)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) shall be liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or to both;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 4 years, or to a fine, or to both.]

(7)In the application of this section to Northern Ireland—

(a)the reference in subsection (2) above to section 1 of the M52Prevention of Crime Act 1953 is to be construed as a reference to Article 22 of the M53Public Order (Northern Ireland) Order 1987; and

(b)the reference in subsection (6) above to [F227section 4 of the Education Act 1996]] is to be construed as a reference to Article 2(2) of the M54Education and Libraries (Northern Ireland) Order 1986.

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Extent Information

E8This version of this provision extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate version has been created for England and Wales only

Amendments (Textual)

F226S. 139A(6) substituted (N.I.) (16.7.2008) by The Criminal Justice (Northern Ireland) Order S.I. 2008/1216 (N.I. 1), arts. 1, 90(4); S.R. 2008/293, art. 2, Sch. par. 14

Marginal Citations

139BF169Power of entry to search for articles with a blade or point and offensive weapons.E+W+N.I.
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Amendments (Textual)

(1)A constable may enter school premises and search those premises and any person on those premises for—

(a)any article to which section 139 of this Act applies, or

(b)any offensive weapon within the meaning of section 1 of the Prevention of Crime Act 1953,

if he has reasonable grounds for [F170suspecting] that an offence under section 139A of this Act is being, or has been, committed.

(2)If in the course of a search under this section a constable discovers an article or weapon which he has reasonable grounds for suspecting to be an article or weapon of a kind described in subsection (1) above, he may seize and retain it.

(3)The constable may use reasonable force, if necessary, in the exercise of the power of entry conferred by this section.

(4)In the application of this section to Northern Ireland the reference in subsection (1)(b) above to section 1 of the Prevention of Crime Act 1953 is to be construed as a reference to Article 22 of the Public Order (Northern Ireland) Order 1987.

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Amendments (Textual)

140 Extension of constable’s power to stop and search.E+W

(1)In section 1 of the M55Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (powers of constable to stop and search)—

(a)F171. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(b)F171. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(c)the following subsection shall be inserted after subsection (8)—

(8A)This subsection applies to any article in relation to which a person has committed, or is committing or is going to commit an offence under section 139 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988..

(2)In section 5(2)(a)(ii) of that Act (annual reports to contain total numbers of searches for offensive weapons) after the word “weapons" there shall be inserted the words “or articles to which section 1(8A) above applies".

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Amendments (Textual)

Marginal Citations

141 Offensive weapons.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Any person who manufactures, sells or hires or offers for sale or hire, exposes or has in his possession for the purpose of sale or hire, or lends or gives to any other person, a weapon to which this section applies shall be guilty of an offence and liable

[F172(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or to both;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 4 years, or to a fine, or to both.]

.

(2)The Secretary of State may by order made by statutory instrument direct that this section shall apply to any description of weapon specified in the order except—

(a)any weapon subject to the M56Firearms Act 1968; and

(b)crossbows.

(3)F173. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)The importation of a weapon to which this section applies is hereby prohibited.

(5)It shall be a defence for any person charged in respect of any conduct of his relating to a weapon to which this section applies—

(a)with an offence under subsection (1) above; or

(b)with an offence under section 50(2) or (3) of the M57Customs and Excise Management Act 1979 (improper importation),

to [F174show] that his conduct was only for the purposes of functions carried out on behalf of the Crown or of a visiting force.

(6)In this section the reference to the Crown includes the Crown in right of Her Majesty’s Government in Northern Ireland; and

  • visiting force” means any body, contingent or detachment of the forces of a country—

(a)mentioned in subsection (1)(a) of section 1 of the M58Visiting Forces Act 1952; or

(b)designated for the purposes of any provision of that Act by Order in Council under subsection (2) of that section,

which is present in the United Kingdom (including United Kingdom territorial waters) or in any place to which subsection (7) below applies on the invitation of Her Majesty’s Government in the United Kingdom.

(7)This subsection applies to any place on, under or above an installation in a designated area within the meaning of section 1(7) of the M59Continental Shelf Act 1964 or any waters within 500 metres of such an installation.

(8)It shall be a defence for any person charged in respect of any conduct of his relating to a weapon to which this section applies—

(a)with an offence under subsection (1) above; or

(b)with an offence under section 50(2) or (3) of the Customs and Excise Management Act 1979,

to [F174show] that the conduct in question was only for the purposes of making the weapon available to a museum or gallery to which this subsection applies.

(9)If a person acting on behalf of a museum or gallery to which subsection (8) above applies is charged with hiring or lending a weapon to which this section applies, it shall be a defence for him to [F174show] that he had reasonable grounds for believing that the person to whom he lent or hired it would use it only for cultural, artistic or educational purposes.

(10)Subsection (8) above applies to a museum or gallery only if it does not distribute profits.

(11)In this section “museum or gallery” includes any institution which has as its purpose, or one of its purposes, the preservation, display and interpretation of material of historical, artistic or scientific interest and gives the public access to it.

[F175(11A)Subject to subsection (11C), where a person is charged with an offence under subsection (1) above in respect of conduct of his relating to a weapon to which this section applies, it shall be a defence to show that his conduct was for the purpose only of making the weapon in question available for one or more of the purposes specified in subsection (11B).

(11B)Those purposes are—

(a)the purposes of theatrical performances and of rehearsals for such performances;

(b)the production of films (as defined in section 5B of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 (c. 48));

(c)the production of television programmes (as defined in section 405(1) of the Communications Act 2003 (c. 21)).

(11C)Where—

(a)a person is charged with an offence under subsection (1) above in respect of conduct of his relating to a weapon to which this section applies (a “relevant weapon”), and

(b)the relevant weapon is one the importation of which is prohibited,

subsection (11A) does not apply unless the condition in subsection (11D) is satisfied.

(11D)The condition is that there is in force as respects Scotland provision to the effect that it is a defence for a person (“A”) charged with a relevant offence in respect of A's conduct relating to a relevant weapon to show that A's conduct was for the purpose only of making the weapon in question available for one or more of the purposes specified in subsection (11B).

(11E)In subsection (11D), “relevant offence” means an offence under section 50(2) or (3) of the Customs and Excise Management Act 1979 (c. 2) (penalty for improper importation of goods).

(11F)For the purposes of this section, a person shall be taken to have shown a matter specified in subsection (5), (8), (9) or (11A) above if—

(a)sufficient evidence of the matter is adduced to raise an issue with respect to it; and

(b)the contrary is not proved beyond a reasonable doubt.

(11G)The Scottish Ministers may by order made by statutory instrument modify the application of this section in relation to any description of weapon specified in the order.

(11H)An order under subsection (11G) may make different provision for different purposes.

(11J)A statutory instrument containing an order under this section shall not be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before, and approved by a resolution of, the Scottish Parliament.]

[F176(11A)It shall be a defence for a person charged in respect of conduct of his relating to a weapon to which this section applies—

(a)with an offence under subsection (1) above, or

(b)with an offence under section 50(2) or (3) of the Customs and Excise Management Act 1979,

to show that his conduct was for the purpose only of making the weapon in question available for one or more of the purposes specified in subsection (11B).

(11B)Those purposes are—

(a)the purposes of theatrical performances and of rehearsals for such performances;

(b)the production of films (within the meaning of Part 1 of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 – see section 5B of that Act);

(c)the production of television programmes (within the meaning of the Communications Act 2003 – see section 405(1) of that Act).

(11C)For the purposes of this section a person shall be taken to have shown a matter specified in subsection (5), (8), (9) or (11A) if—

(a)sufficient evidence of that matter is adduced to raise an issue with respect to it; and

(b)the contrary is not proved beyond a reasonable doubt.

(11D)The Secretary of State may by order made by statutory instrument—

(a)provide for exceptions and exemptions from the offence under subsection (1) above or from the prohibition in subsection (4) above; and

(b)provide for it to be a defence in proceedings for such an offence, or for an offence under section 50(2) or (3) of the Customs and Excise Management Act 1979, to show the matters specified or described in the order.

(11E)A statutory instrument containing an order under this section shall not be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before Parliament and approved by a resolution of each House.]

(12)This section shall not have effect in relation to anything done before it comes into force.

(13)In the application of this section to Northern Ireland the reference in subsection (2) above to the M60Firearms Act 1968 shall be construed as a reference to the M61Firearms (Northern Ireland) Order [F1772004] .

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Amendments (Textual)

F172Words in s. 141(1) substituted (N.I.) (16.7.2008) by The Criminal Justice (Northern Ireland) Order S.I. 2008/1216 (N.I. 1), arts. 1, 90(5); S.R. 2008/293, art. 2, Sch.

F174Word in s. 141(5)(8)(9) substituted (S.) (1.11.2007) by Custodial Sentences and Weapons (Scotland) Act 2007 (asp 17), s. 60(1)(a); S.S.I. 2007/431, art. 3, Sch. and the same word in s. 141(5)(8)(9) substituted (E.W.N.I.) (6.4.2008) by Violent Crime Reduction Act 2006 (c. 38), ss. {43(3)}, 51, 66(2), {Sch. 2 para. 11(2)}; S.I. 2008/791, art. 3(a)(c)

F175S. 141(11A)-(11J) inserted (S.) (1.11.2007 for purpose of inserting subsections (11F) to (11J) and otherwise prosp. for inserting (11A) to (11E)) by Custodial Sentences and Weapons (Scotland) Act 2007 (asp 17), ss. 60(2), 67; S.S.I. 2007/431, art. 3, Sch.

F176S. 141(11A)-(11E) inserted (E.W.N.I.) (1.4.2008 for purpose of inserting (11D) and (11E) and 6.4.2008 insofar as not yet in force) by Violent Crime Reduction Act 2006 (c. 38), ss. 43(4), 51, 66(2), Sch. 2 para. 11(3); S.I. 2008/791, arts. 2(c), 3(c)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

[F178141ZAApplication of section 141 to swords: further provisionS
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Amendments (Textual)

(1)This section applies where the Scottish Ministers make an order under subsection (2) of section 141 directing that the section shall apply to swords.

(2)The Scottish Ministers may include in the order provision for or in connection with modifying section 141 in its application to swords.

(3)The Scottish Ministers may in particular—

(a)provide for defences (including in particular defences relating to religious, cultural or sporting purposes) to offences;

(b)increase the penalties specified in subsection (1) of section 141 (or that subsection as modified) so as to make a person liable—

(i)on conviction on indictment to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years or to a fine or both;

(ii)on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum or both;

(c)create an offence (punishable on summary conviction only and subject to a penalty which is no greater than that mentioned in subsection (6)) relating to the provision, without reasonable excuse, of false information by a person acquiring a sword in circumstances specified in the order.

(4)In making provision under subsection (3)(a) the Scottish Ministers may make provision for or in connection with—

(a)the granting, and revocation, by them of authorisations in relation to the acquisition of swords;

(b)enabling them to specify conditions in such authorisations;

(c)requiring persons to whom authorisations are granted to comply with such conditions;

(d)making it an offence (punishable on summary conviction only and subject to a penalty which is no greater than that mentioned in subsection (6)) to fail to comply with any such conditions.

(5)Defences specified under subsection (3)(a) may relate to swords in general or to a class, or classes, of sword specified in the order.

(6)The penalty is—

(a)imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months; or

(b)a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale,

or both.

(7)The power conferred by subsection (2) is without prejudice to the generality of the power conferred by section 141(11G).]

Prospective

[F179141ZBImportation of offensive weapons: prohibitionE+W+S+N.I.
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Amendments (Textual)

(1)The importation of an offensive weapon is prohibited, subject to section 141ZC.

(2)In this section “offensive weapon” means a weapon of a description specified in an order made by the Secretary of State for the purposes of this subsection.

(3)The Secretary of State may not specify any of the following under subsection (2)—

(a)a weapon subject to the Firearms Act 1968;

(b)a crossbow.

(4)Orders under this section are to be made by statutory instrument.

(5)A statutory instrument containing an order under this section may not be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before and approved by a resolution of each House of Parliament.

(6)In the application of this section to Northern Ireland the reference in subsection (3) to the Firearms Act 1968 is to be construed as a reference to the Firearms (Northern Ireland) Order 2004.

Prospective

141ZCProhibition on importation of offensive weapons: exceptionsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The importation of a weapon is not prohibited by section 141ZB if one of the following exceptions applies.

(2)Exception 1 is that the weapon is imported for the purposes only of functions carried out on behalf of—

(a)the Crown, or

(b)a visiting force.

(3)Exception 2 is that the weapon is imported for the purposes only of making it available to a museum or gallery which does not distribute profits.

(4)Exception 3 is that the weapon is imported for the purposes only of making it available for one or more of the following—

(a)theatrical performances;

(b)rehearsals of theatrical performances;

(c)the production of films;

(d)the production of television programmes.

(5)In subsection (4)—

  • films” has the meaning given by section 5B of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988;

  • television programmes” has the meaning given by section 405 of the Communications Act 2003.

(6)The Secretary of State may by order provide for further exceptions from the prohibition on importation of weapons under section 141ZB.

(7)Orders under this section are to be made by statutory instrument.

(8)A statutory instrument containing an order under this section may not be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before and approved by a resolution of each House of Parliament.

(9)Expressions used in this section and in section 141 have the same meaning in this section as in that section.

Prospective

141ZDProhibition on importation of offensive weapons: burdens of proofE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies for the purposes of proceedings for an offence under the Customs and Excise Management Act 1979 relating to a weapon the importation of which is prohibited by section 141ZB above.

(2)An exception conferred by or under section 141ZC is to be taken not to apply unless sufficient evidence is adduced to raise an issue with respect to the exception.

(3)Where sufficient evidence is adduced to raise an issue with respect to an exception, it is to be taken to apply unless the contrary is proved beyond a reasonable doubt.]

[141AF180Sale of knives and certain articles with blade or point to persons under sixteen.E+W

(1)Any person who sells to a person under the age of [F181eighteen] years an article to which this section applies shall be guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale, or both.

(2)Subject to subsection (3) below, this section applies to—

(a)any knife, knife blade or razor blade,

(b)any axe, and

(c)any other article which has a blade or which is sharply pointed and which is made or adapted for use for causing injury to the person.

(3)This section does not apply to any article described in—

(a)section 1 of the M62Restriction of Offensive Weapons Act 1959,

(b)an order made under section 141(2) of this Act, or

(c)an order made by the Secretary of State under this section.

(4)It shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (1) above to prove that he took all reasonable precautions and exercised all due diligence to avoid the commission of the offence.

(5)The power to make an order under this section shall be exercisable by statutory instrument which shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.]

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Extent Information

E5This version of this provision extends to England and Wales only; a separate version has been created for Scotland only

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C19S. 141A(1) excluded (1.1.1997) by S.I. 1996/3064, art.2

Marginal Citations

[141A [F228F180Sale of knives and certain articles with blade or point to persons under eighteen]S
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Amendments (Textual)

(1)[F229Subject to subsection (3A) below]Any person who sells to a person under the age of [F230eighteen] years an article to which this section applies shall be guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale, or both.

(2)Subject to subsection (3) below, this section applies to—

(a)any knife, knife blade or razor blade,

(b)any axe, F231. . .

[F232(ba)any sword; and]]

(c)any other article which has a blade or which is sharply pointed and which is made or adapted for use for causing injury to the person.

(3)This section does not apply to any article described in—

(a)section 1 of the M62Restriction of Offensive Weapons Act 1959,

(b)an order made under section 141(2) of this Act, or

(c)an order made by the Secretary of State under this section.

[F233(3A)It is not an offence under subsection (1) to sell a knife or knife blade to a person if—

(a)the person is aged 16 or over; and

(b)the knife or blade is designed for domestic use.]

(4)It shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (1) above to prove that he took all reasonable precautions and exercised all due diligence to avoid the commission of the offence.

(5)The power to make an order under this section shall be exercisable by statutory instrument which shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

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Extent Information

E9This version of this provision extends to Scotland only; a separate version has been created for England and Wales only

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C19S. 141A(1) excluded (1.1.1997) by S.I. 1996/3064, art.2

Marginal Citations

142 Power of justice of the peace to authorise entry and search of premises for offensive weapons.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)If on an application made by a constable a justice of the peace (including, in Scotland, the sheriff) is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for believing—

(a)that there are on premises specified in the application—

(i)knives such as are mentioned in section 1(1) of the M63Restriction of Offensive Weapons Act 1959; or

(ii)weapons to which section 141 above applies; and

(b)that an offence under section 1 of the Restriction of Offensive Weapons Act 1959 or section 141 above has been or is being committed in relation to them; and

(c)that any of the conditions specified in subsection (3) below applies,

he may issue a warrant authorising a constable to enter and search the premises.

(2)A constable may seize and retain anything for which a search has been authorised under subsection (1) above.

(3)The conditions mentioned in [F182subsection (1)(c)] above are—

(a)that it is not practicable to communicate with any person entitled to grant entry to the premises;

(b)that it is practicable to communicate with a person entitled to grant entry to the premises but it is not practicable to communicate with any person entitled to grant access to the knives or weapons to which the application relates;

(c)that entry to the premises will not be granted unless a warrant is produced;

(d)that the purpose of a search may be frustrated or seriously prejudiced unless a constable arriving at the premises can secure immediate entry to them.

(4)Subsection (1)(a)(i) shall be omitted in the application of this section to Northern Ireland.

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Amendments (Textual)

Marginal Citations

Serious fraudE+W+S+N.I.

143 Assistance to Isle of Man and Channel Islands.E+W+S+N.I.

In subsection (1) of section 2 of the M64Criminal Justice Act 1987 (investigation powers of Director of Serious Fraud Office) after the word “above," there shall be inserted the words “or, on a request made by the Attorney General of the Isle of Man, Jersey or Guernsey, under legislation corresponding to that section and having effect in the Island whose Attorney General makes the request,".

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Marginal Citations

144 Transferred charges.E+W

(1)The M65Criminal Justice Act 1987 shall be amended as follows.

(2)In section 4(1) (under which, on a notice of transfer in a fraud case, the functions of a magistrates’ court, subject to certain exceptions, cease in relation to the case) after “5(3)" there shall be inserted “, (7A)".

(3)In section 5 (notices of transfer—procedure)—

(a)in subsection (4), for the words “without the person charged" there shall be substituted the words “in relation to a person charged without his";

(b)in subsection (5)(a), for the word “charged" there shall be substituted the words “in question";

(c)in subsection (6)—

(i)for the words “the person charged" there shall be substituted the words “a person to whom it relates"; and

(ii)for the words “examining justices" there shall be substituted the words “a magistrates’ court";

(d)in subsection (7)—

(i)for the word “charged" there shall be substituted the words “to whom the notice of transfer relates"; and

(ii)for the words “examining justices" there shall be substituted the words “a magistrates’ court";

(e)in subsection (8)(b), for the words “whose written statement is tendered in evidence for the purposes of the notice of transfer" there shall be substituted the words “indicated in the notice of transfer as a proposed witness;" and

(f)in subsection (9)(a)—

(i)in sub-paragraph (i), for the words “the person charged" there shall be substituted the words “any person to whom the notice of transfer relates"; and

(ii)in sub-paragraph (ii), after the word “the", in the second place where it occurs, there shall be inserted the words “place specified by the notice of transfer as the".

(4)The following subsection shall be inserted after section 5(7)—

(7A)If the notice states that the requirement is to continue, when a person to whom the notice relates appears before the magistrates’ court, the court shall have—

(a)the powers and duty conferred on a magistrates’ court by subsection (3) above, but subject as there provided; and

(b)power to enlarge, in the surety’s absence, a recognizance conditioned in accordance with section 128(4)(a) of the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 so that the surety is bound to secure that the person charged appears also before the Crown Court..

(5)The following section shall be substituted for section 6—

6 Applications for dismissal.

(1)Where notice of transfer has been given, any person to whom the notice relates, at any time before he is arraigned (and whether or not an indictment has been preferred against him), may apply orally or in writing to the Crown Court sitting at the place specified by the notice of transfer as the proposed place of trial for the charge, or any of the charges, in the case to be dismissed; and the judge shall dismiss a charge (and accordingly quash a count relating to it in any indictment preferred against the applicant) if it appears to him that the evidence against the applicant would not be sufficient for a jury properly to convict him.

(2)No oral application may be made under subsection (1) above unless the applicant has given the Crown Court sitting at the place specified by the notice of transfer as the proposed place of trial written notice of his intention to make the application.

(3)Oral evidence may be given on such an application only with the leave of the judge or by his order, and the judge shall give leave or make an order only if it appears to him, having regard to any matters stated in the application for leave, that the interests of justice require him to do so.

(4)If the judge gives leave permitting, or makes an order requiring, a person to give oral evidence, but he does not do so, the judge may disregard any document indicating the evidence that he might have given.

(5)Dismissal of the charge, or all the charges, against the applicant shall have the same effect as a refusal by examining magistrates to commit for trial, except that no further proceedings may be brought on a dismissed charge except by means of the preferment of a voluntary bill of indictment.

(6)Crown Court Rules may make provision for the purposes of this section and, without prejudice to the generality of this subsection—

(a)as to the time or stage in the proceedings at which anything required to be done is to be done (unless the court grants leave to do it at some other time or stage);

(b)as to the contents and form of notices or other documents;

(c)as to the manner in which evidence is to be submitted; and

(d)as to persons to be served with notices or other material..

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Marginal Citations

145 Power to petition for winding-up etc. on information obtained on investigation by Director of Serious Fraud Office.E+W+S

The words “or section 2 of the Criminal Justice Act 1987” shall be inserted—

[F183(a)in section 440 of the M66Companies Act 1985, after the words “that Act";]

(b)in section 8(1) of the M67Company Directors Disqualification Act 1986, after the words “the Financial Services Act 1986", in the second place where they occur; and

F184(c). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

Marginal Citations

Evidence before Service courtsE+W+S+N.I.

146 Evidence before [F185certain service courts].E+W+S+N.I.
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Amendments (Textual)

F185S. 146: words in sidenote substituted (28.3.2009 for certain purposes and 31.10.2009 insofar as not yet in force) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 378, 383, Sch. 16 para 113(a); S.I. 2009/812, art. 3 (with transitional provisions in S.I. 2009/1059); S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

Schedule 13 to this Act shall have effect in relation to evidence before [F186certain service courts].

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Amendments (Textual)

F186Words in s. 146 substituted (28.3.2009 for certain purposes and 31.10.2009 insofar as not yet in force) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 378, 383, Sch. 16 para. 113(b); S.I. 2009/812, art. 3 (with transitional provisions in S.I. 2009/1059); S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

Amendments of Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 etc.E+W+S+N.I.

147 Searches of detained persons.E+W

In section 54 of the M68Police and Criminal Evidence Act l984 (searches of detained persons)—

(a)the following paragraph shall be substituted for subsection (1)(b)—

(b)arrested at the station or detained there under section 47(5) above.; and

(b)the following subsections shall be inserted after subsection (6)—

(6A)A person who is in custody at a police station or is in police detention otherwise than at a police station may at any time be searched in order to ascertain whether he has with him anything which he could use for any of the purposes specified in subsection (4)(a) above.

(6B)Subject to subsection (6C) below, a constable may seize and retain, or cause to be seized and retained, anything found on such a search.

(6C)A constable may only seize clothes and personal effects in the circumstances specified in subsection (4) above..

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Marginal Citations

148 Computer data about fingerprints.E+W

(1)The following subsection shall be substituted for subsection (5) of section 64 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (destruction of fingerprints etc.)—

(5)If fingerprints are destroyed—

(a) any copies of the fingerprints shall also be destroyed; and

(b)any chief officer of police controlling access to computer data relating to the fingerprints shall make access to the data impossible, as soon as it is practicable to do so..

(2)The following subsections shall be inserted after subsection (6) of that section—

(6A)If—

(a)subsection (5)(b) above falls to be complied with; and

(b)the person to whose fingerprints the data relate asks for a certificate that it has been complied with,

such a certificate shall be issued to him, not later than the end of the period of three months beginning with the day on which he asks for it, by the responsible chief officer of police or a person authorised by him or on his behalf for the purposes of this section.

(6B)In this section—

  • chief officer of police” means the chief officer of police for an area mentioned in Schedule 8 to the Police Act 1964; and

  • the responsible chief officer of police” means the chief officer of police in whose area the computer data were put on to the computer..

149. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F187N.I.
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Amendments (Textual)

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Amendments (Textual)

Provisions relating to Customs and ExciseE+W+N.I.

Prospective

150 Bail for persons in customs detention.E+W

At the end of section 114(2)(b) of the M69Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 there shall be added the words and

(c)that in relation to customs detention (as defined in any order made under this subsection) the Bail Act 1976 shall have effect as if references in it to a constable were references to an officer of Customs and Excise of such grade as may be specified in the order..

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Marginal Citations

151 Customs and Excise power of arrest.E+W

(1)If—

(a)a person—

(i)has been released on bail in criminal proceedings for an offence falling within subsection (4) below; and

(ii)is under a duty to surrender into customs detention; and

(b)an officer of Customs and Excise has reasonable grounds for believing that that person is not likely to surrender to custody,

he may be arrested without warrant by an officer of Customs and Excise.

(2)A person arrested in pursuance of subsection (1) above shall be brought as soon as practicable and in any event within 24 hours after his arrest before a justice of the peace F188. . . .

(3)In reckoning for the purposes of subsection (2) above any period of 24 hours, no account shall be taken of Christmas Day, Good Friday or any Sunday.

(4)The offences that fall within this subsection are—

(a)an offence against section 5(2) of the M70Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 (possession of controlled drugs);F189. . .

(b)a drug trafficking offence.

[F190(c)a money laundering offence;]

(5)In this section and section 152 below “drug trafficking offence” means [F191any offence which is specified in—

(a)paragraph 1 of Schedule 2 to the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (drug trafficking offences), or

(b)so far as it relates to that paragraph, paragraph 10 of that Schedule.]

[F192(6)In this section “money laundering offence” means any offence which by virtue of section 415 of the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 is a money laundering offence for the purposes of Part 8 of that Act.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F189Word in s. 151(4) repealed (24.2.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 457, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(3), Sch. 12; S.I. 2003/120, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-7 (as amended (24.3.2003) by S.I. 2003/333, art. 14 and S.I. 2003/531, art. 3))

F190S. 151(4)(c) inserted (24.2.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(3); S.I. 2003/120, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-7 (as amended (24.3.2003) by S.I. 2003/333, art. 14 and S.I. 2003/531, art. 3))

F191S. 151(5)(a)(b) substituted (24.3.2003) for words by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(4); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14 (as amended by S.I. 2003/531, art. 3))

F192S. 151(6) inserted (24.2.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(5); S.I. 2003/120, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-7 (as amended (24.3.2003) by S.I. 2003/333, art. 14 and S.I. 2003/531, art. 3))

Commencement Information

I2S. 151 partly in force; s. 151 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 171; s. 151(5) in force at 3.4.1989 by S.I. 1989/264, art. 2, Sch. Pt. II

Marginal Citations

152 Remands of suspected drug offenders to F193. . . detention.E+W+N.I.
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Amendments (Textual)

F193S. 152: word in title left out (1.1.2006) by Drugs Act 2005 (c. 17), ss. 8(a), 24; S.I. 2005/3053, art. 3(d)

(1)Subject—

(a)to subsection (2) below; and

(b)to section 4 of the Bail Act 1976,

where—

(i)a person is brought before a magistrates’ court on a charge of an offence against section 5(2) of the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 or a drug trafficking offence; and

(ii)the court has power to remand him,

it shall have power, if it considers it appropriate to do so, to remand him to customs detention, that is to say, commit him to the custody of a customs officer for a period not exceeding 192 hours.

[F194(1A)In subsection (1) the power of a magistrates' court to remand a person to customs detention for a period not exceeding 192 hours includes power to commit the person to the custody of a constable to be detained for such a period.]

(2)This section does not apply where a charge is brought against a person under the age of 17.

(3)In the application of this section to Northern Ireland, for the words from the beginning of subsection (1) above to “1976" there shall be substituted the words “Subject to subsection (2) below,".

[F195(4)In the application of this section to Northern Ireland, “drug trafficking offence" means][F196any offence which is specified in—

(a)paragraph 1 of Schedule 5 to the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (drug trafficking offences), or

(b)so far as it relates to that paragraph, paragraph 10 of that Schedule.]

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F193S. 152: word in title left out (1.1.2006) by Drugs Act 2005 (c. 17), ss. 8(a), 24; S.I. 2005/3053, art. 3(d)

F194S. 152(1A) inserted (1.1.2006) by Drugs Act 2005 (c. 17) {ss. 8(b)}, 24; S.I. 2005/3053, art. 3(d)

F196S. 152(4)(a)(b) substituted (24.3.2003) for words by 2002 c. 29, ss. 456, 458, Sch. 11 para. 17(6); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2(1), Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-14) (as amended by S.I. 2003/531)

Bail and custodyE+W

153 Court to give reasons for granting bail to a person accused of serious offence.E+W

The following paragraph shall be inserted after paragraph 9 (decisions as to grant or refusal of bail) of Part I of Schedule 1 to the M71Bail Act 1976—

9A(1)If—

(a)the defendant is charged with an offence to which this paragraph applies; and

(b)representations are made as to any of the matters mentioned in paragraph 2 of this Part of this Schedule; and

(c)the court decides to grant him bail,

the court shall state the reasons for its decision and shall cause those reasons to be included in the record of the proceedings.

(2)The offences to which this paragraph applies are—

(a)murder;

(b)manslaughter;

(c)rape;

(d)attempted murder; and

(e)attempted rape..

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

154 Decisions where bail refused on previous hearing.E+W

The following new Part shall be inserted after Part II of Schedule 1 to the Bail Act 1976—

Part IIAE+W Decisions where Bail Refused on Previous Hearing

1If the court decides not to grant the defendant bail, it is the court’s duty to consider, at each subsequent hearing while the defendant is a person to whom section 4 above applies and remains in custody, whether he ought to be granted bail.

2At the first hearing after that at which the court decided not to grant the defendant bail he may support an application for bail with any argument as to fact or law that he desires (whether or not he has advanced that argument previously).

3At subsequent hearings the court need not hear arguments as to fact or law which it has heard previously..

155 Remands in custody for more than eight days.E+W

(1)The following section shall be inserted after section 128 of the M72Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980—

128A Remands in custody for more than eight days.

(1)The Secretary of State may by order made by statutory instrument provide that this section shall have effect—

(a)in an area specified in the order; or

(b)in proceedings of a description so specified,

in relation to any accused person (“the accused") who has attained the age of 17.

(2)A magistrates’ court may remand the accused in custody for a period exceeding 8 clear days if—

(a)it has previously remanded him in custody for the same offence; and

(b)he is before the court,

but only if, after affording the parties an opportunity to make representations, it has set a date on which it expects that it will be possible for the next stage in the proceedings, other than a hearing relating to a further remand in custody or on bail, to take place, and only—

(i)for a period ending not later than that date; or

(ii)for a period of 28 clear days,

whichever is the less.

(3)Nothing in this section affects the right of the accused to apply for bail during the period of the remand.

(4)A statutory instrument containing an order under this section shall not be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before Parliament and been approved by a resolution of each House..

(2)After paragraph 9A of Schedule 1 to the M73Bail Act 1976 there shall be inserted—

Cases under section 128A of Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980

9BWhere the court is considering exercising the power conferred by section 128A of the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 (power to remand in custody for more than 8 clear days), it shall have regard to the total length of time which the accused would spend in custody if it were to exercise the power..

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Marginal Citations

AppealsE+W

156 Appeals to Crown Court.E+W

In paragraph (a) of section 48(2) of the M74[F197Senior Courts Act 1981] (which sets out the powers of the Crown Court on the termination of the hearing of an appeal) for the words “the decision appealed against" there shall be substituted the words “any part of the decision appealed against, including a determination not to impose a separate penalty in respect of an offence".

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Amendments (Textual)

Marginal Citations

157 Groundless appeals and applications for leave to appeal.E+W

The following section shall be substituted for section 20 of the M75Criminal Appeal Act 1968—

20 Disposal of groundless appeal or application for leave to appeal.

If it appears to the registrar that a notice of appeal or application for leave to appeal does not show any substantial ground of appeal, he may refer the appeal or application for leave to the Court for summary determination; and where the case is so referred the Court may, if they consider that the appeal or application for leave is frivolous or vexatious, and can be determined without adjourning it for a full hearing, dismiss the appeal or application for leave summarily, without calling on anyone to attend the hearing or to appear for the Crown thereon..

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Marginal Citations

Reports of criminal proceedingsE+W+S+N.I.

158 Anonymity in rape etc. cases.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The M76Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act 1976 shall be amended as follows.

(2)The following subsections shall be substituted for subsection (1) of section 4 (anonymity of complainants in rape etc. cases)—

(1)Except as authorised by a direction given in pursuance of this section—

(a)after an allegation that a woman has been the victim of a rape offence has been made by the woman or by any other person, neither the woman’s name nor her address nor a still or moving picture of her shall during her lifetime—

(i)be published in England and Wales in a written publication available to the public; or

(ii)be broadcast or included in a cable programme in England and Wales,

if that is likely to lead members of the public to identify her as an alleged victim of such an offence; and

(b)after a person is accused of a rape offence, no matter likely to lead members of the public to identify a woman as the complainant in relation to that accusation shall during her lifetime—

(i)be published in England and Wales in a written publication available to the public; or

(ii)be broadcast or included in a cable programme in England and Wales;

but nothing in this subsection prohibits the publication or broadcasting or inclusion in a cable programme of matter consisting only of a report of criminal proceedings other than proceedings at, or intended to lead to, or on an appeal arising out of, a trial at which the accused is charged with the offence.

(1A)In subsection (1) above “picture” includes a likeness however produced..

(3)The following subsections shall be inserted after subsection (5) of that section—

(5A)Where a person is charged with an offence under subsection (5) of this section in respect of the publication or broadcast of any matter or the inclusion of any matter in a cable programme, it shall be a defence, subject to subsection (5B) below, to prove that the publication, broadcast or cable programme in which the matter appeared was one in respect of which the woman had given written consent to the appearance of matter of that description.

(5B)Written consent is not a defence if it is proved that any person interfered unreasonably with the woman’s peace or comfort with intent to obtain the consent..

(4)In subsection (3) of that section—

(a)the words “before the Crown Court at which a person is charged with a rape offence" and “relating to the complainant" shall cease to have effect; and

(b)for the words “an acquittal of a defendant at" there shall be substituted the words “the outcome of".

(5)Section 6 (anonymity of defendants in rape etc. cases) shall cease to have effect.

(6)In section 7(2), in the definition of a “rape offence" , for the words “and incitement to rape" there shall be substituted the words, “incitement to rape, conspiracy to rape and burglary with intent to rape".

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Marginal Citations

159 Crown Court proceedings— orders restricting or preventing reports or restricting public access.E+W+N.I.

(1)A person aggrieved may appeal to the Court of Appeal, if that court grants leave, against—

(a)an order under section 4 or 11 of the M77Contempt of Court Act 1981 made in relation to a trial on indictment;

[F198(aa)an order made by the Crown Court under section 58(7) or (8) of the M78Criminal Procedure and Investigations Act 1996 in a case where the Court has convicted a person on a trial on indictment;]

(b)any order restricting the access of the public to the whole or any part of a trial on indictment or to any proceedings ancillary to such a trial; and

(c)any order restricting the publication of any report of the whole or any part of a trial on indictment or any such ancillary proceedings;

and the decision of the Court of Appeal shall be final.

(2)Subject to Rules of Court, the jurisdiction of the Court of Appeal under this section shall be exercised by the criminal division of the Court, and references to the Court of Appeal in this section shall be construed as references to that division.

(3)On an application for leave to appeal under this section a judge shall have power to give such directions as appear to him to be appropriate and, without prejudice to the generality of this subsection, power—

(a)to order the production in court of any transcript or note of proceedings or other document;

(b)to give directions as to persons who are to be parties to the appeal or who may be parties to it if they wish and as to service of documents on any person;

and the Court of Appeal shall have the same powers as the single judge.

(4)Subject to Rules of Court made by virtue of subsection (6) below, any party to an appeal under this section may give evidence before the Court of Appeal orally or in writing.

(5)On the hearing of an appeal under this section the Court of Appeal shall have power—

(a)to stay any proceedings in any other court until after the appeal is disposed of;

(b)to confirm, reverse or vary the order complained of; and

(c)to make such order as to costs as it thinks fit.

(6)F199. . . Rules of Court may make in relation to trials satisfying specified conditions special provision as to the practice and procedure to be followed in relation to hearings in camera and appeals from orders for such hearings and may in particular, but without prejudice to the generality of this subsection, provide that subsection (4) above shall not have effect.

(7)In the application of this section to Northern Ireland—

(a)subsection (2) shall be omitted; and

[F200(b)in subsection (6), before “Rules of Court” there shall be inserted Without prejudice to the generality of sections 52 and 55 of the Judicature (Northern Ireland) Act 1978.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F198S. 159(1)(aa) inserted (1.4.1997) by 1996 c. 25, s. 61(6) (with s. 78(1)); SI. 1997/682, art. 2(1)(b)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C20S. 159(4) excluded by S.R.&O. 1968/218, rule 22B(9) (as inserted by S.R. 1989/295, rule 4)

Marginal Citations

Possession of indecent photograph of childE+W+S+N.I.

160 [F201Possession of indecent photograph of child]E+W
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F201Sidenote to s. 160 substituted (11.1.2001) by 2000 c. 43, s. 41(3)(b); S.I. 2000/3302, art. 2

(1)[F202Subject to section 160A,] it is an offence for a person to have any indecent photograph [F203or pseudo-photograph]of a child F204. . . in his possession.

(2)Where a person is charged with an offence under subsection (1) above, it shall be a defence for him to prove—

(a)that he had a legitimate reason for having the photograph [F205or pseudo-photograph] in his possession; or

(b)that he had not himself seen the photograph [F205or pseudo-photograph] and did not know, nor had any cause to suspect, it to be indecent; or

(c)that the photograph [F205or pseudo-photograph] was sent to him without any prior request made by him or on his behalf and that he did not keep it for an unreasonable time.

[F206(2A)A person shall be liable on conviction on indictment of an offence under this section to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or a fine, or both.]

(3)A person shall be liable on summary conviction of an offence under this section to [F207imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or] a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale [F207, or both].

(4)Sections 1(3), 2(3), 3 and 7 of the M79Protection of Children Act 1978 shall have effect as if any reference in them to that Act included a reference to this section.

F208(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F204Words in s. 160(1) omitted (3.2.1995) by virtue of 1994 c. 33, s. 84(4)(a); S.I. 1995/127, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 (and expressed to be repealed (4.9.1995) by 1994 c. 33, s. 168(3), Sch. 11; S.I. 1995/1957, art. 6)

F207Words in s. 160(3) inserted (3.2.1995) by 1994 c. 33, s. 86(1); S.I. 1995/127, art. 2(1), Sch. 1

Marginal Citations

[F209160AMarriage and other relationshipsE+W
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F209S. 160A inserted (1.5.2004) by