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Insolvency Act 1986

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Insolvency Act 1986

1986 CHAPTER 45

An Act to consolidate the enactments relating to company insolvency and winding up (including the winding up of companies that are not insolvent, and of unregistered companies); enactments relating to the insolvency and bankruptcy of individuals; and other enactments bearing on those two subject matters, including the functions and qualification of insolvency practitioners, the public administration of insolvency, the penalisation and redress of malpractice and wrongdoing, and the avoidance of certain transactions at an undervalue

[25th July 1986]

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Act amended by Social Security Pensions Act 1975 (c. 60, SIF 113:1), s. 59D(3) (as inserted by Social Security Act 1990 (c. 27, SIF 113:1), s. 12(1), Sch. 3)

Act amended (25.4.1991) by Companies Act 1989 (c. 40), ss. 154, 155, 158(1), 174(1), 190(6); S.I. 1991/878, art. 2, Sch. (with art. 3(4))

Act amended (29.6.1992) by Social Security Pensions Act 1975 (c. 60, SIF 113:1), s. 58B(5) (as inserted (29.6.1992) by Social Security Act 1990 (c. 27, SIF 113:1), s. 14, Sch. 4 Pt. I para. 2; S.I. 1992/1532, art. 2)

Act amended (1.4.1994) by 1993 c. 43, ss. 59(3), 150(1)(c), Sch. 6 Pt. III para. 20(1)-(3); S.I. 1994/571, art. 5 (with transitional provision in art. 7)

Act (except ss. 8-10, 24-26) amended (1.2.2001) by 2000 c. 38, s. 30, Sch. 1 Pt. II para. 13(1)(3) (with ss. 105(2)(5), 106); S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(1), Sch. 2 Pt. I (subject to transitional provision and saving in Sch. 2 Pt. II)

Act amended (1.2.2001) by 2000 c. 38, s. 30, Sch. 1 Pt. II para. 13(2)(3) (with ss. 105(2)(5), 106); S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(1), Sch. 2 Pt. I (subject to transitional provision and saving in Sch. 2 Pt. II)

Act amended (30.12.2002) by 2002 c. 29, s. 311(4); S.I. 2002/3015, art. 2(1), Sch.

C2Act restricted (E.W.S.) by Drug Trafficking Offences Act 1986 (c. 32, SIF 39:1), s. 15(3)(7)

Act restricted (25.4.1991) by Companies Act 1989 (c. 40), s. 182(4), Sch. 22 para. 4(2); S.I. 1991/878, art. 2, Sch.

Act restricted (3.2.1995) by 1994 c. 37, ss. 32(4), 69(2), Sch. 2 para. 5 (with s. 66(2))

Act restricted (31.3.1996) by 1995 c. 20, s. 110(1), Sch. 4 para. 2(4); S.I. 1996/517, art. 3(2) (subject to arts. 4-6, Sch. 2)

Act restricted (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 43, ss. 44, 50(2), Sch. 2 para. 2(4)

Act restricted (6.4.1996 for certain purposes and 6.4.1997 otherwise) by 1995 c. 26, s. 75(8)(a) (with s. 121(5)); S.I. 1996/778, art. 2(5)(a), Sch. Pt. V; S.I. 1997/664, art. 2(3), Sch. Pt. II (with transitional adaptations, modifications and savings in arts. 3-14)

Act restricted (7.10.1996) by 1992 c. 5, ss. 71(10A), 78(3A) (as inserted by 1995 c. 18, s. 32; S.I. 1996/2208, art. 2)

Act restricted (S.) (1.11.2001) by 2001 asp 10, s. 63, Sch. 7 paras. 9(4), 10(6); S.S.I. 2001/336, art. 2(3), Sch. Pt. II (subject to transitional provisions and savings in art. 3)

Act restricted (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 417(4), 458(1)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-13 (as amended by S.I. 2003/531, arts. 3, 4))

C3Act excluded (E.W.S.) by Drug Trafficking Offences Act 1986 (c. 32, SIF 39:1), ss. 15(5)( a )(7), 17(3)

Act excluded by Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1987 (c. 41, SIF 39:1), ss. 30(6), 34(3)(4), 35(3), 36(3), 47(4)(a)

Act excluded (E.W.) by Dartford-Thurrock Crossing Act 1988 (c. 20, SIF 59), ss. 15(4), 19

Act excluded by Criminal Justice Act 1988 (c. 33, SIF 39:1), ss. 84(3), 86(3), 123, Sch. 8 para. 16

Act excluded by Social Security Act 1989 (c. 24, SIF 113:1), s. 22, Sch. 4 Pt. II para. 8(1)

Act excluded (25.4.1991) by Companies Act 1989 (c. 40), ss. 154, 155, 159(2), 180(2); S.I. 1991/878, art. 2, Sch.

Act excluded (13.2.1992) by Severn Bridges Act 1992 (c. 3), s. 20(4)

Act excluded (1.7.1992) by Social Security Administration Act 1992 (c. 5), ss. 89(1), 93(1), 192(4) (with s. 89(1))

Act excluded (31.10.1994) by 1994 c. 21, s. 29(2) (with s. 40(7)); S.I. 1994/2552, art. 2, Sch. 1

Act excluded (3.2.1995) by 1994 c. 37, ss. 32(2), 34(2), 69(2), Sch. 2 para. 5 (with s. 66(2))

Act excluded (31.3.1996) by 1995 c. 20, s. 110(1), Sch. 4 paras. 2(3), 3(3), 4(3); S.I. 1996/517, art. 3(2) (subject to arts. 4-6, Sch. 2)

Act excluded (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 43, ss. 44, 50(2), Sch. 2 paras. 2(3), 3(3), 4(3)

Act excluded (1.10.1996) by 1996 c. 52, s. 7, Sch. 1 Pt. II para. 15(2); S.I. 1996/2402, art. 3 (subject to transitional provisions and savings in Sch.)

Act excluded (E.W.S.) (11.12.1999) by S.I. 1999/2979, reg. 14(2)

Act excluded (E.W.) (1.9.2001) by 2001 c. 17, s. 38, Sch. 6 paras. 9(3), 11(3) (with s. 78); S.I. 2001/2161, art. 2

Act excluded (S.) (1.11.2001) by 2001 asp 10, s. 63, Sch. 7 para. 12(3); S.S.I. 2001/336, art. 2(3), Sch. Pt. II (subject to transitional provisions and savings in art. 3)

Act excluded (S.) (17.12.2001) by 2001 asp 13, s. 20(b), Sch. 6 paras. 9(3), 10(5); S.S.I. 2001/456, art. 2

Act excluded (24.3.2003) by 2002 c. 29, ss. 418(4), 426(7), 430(7), 458(1)(3); S.I. 2003/333, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions and savings in arts. 3-13 (as amended by S.I. 2003/531, arts. 3, 4))

C4Act modified by Financial Services Act 1986 (c. 60, SIF 69), s. 72(4)

Act modified by S.I. 1986/2142, arts. 1(2), 3(a), 15

Act modified by S.I. 1989/638, regs. 8(1), 21

Act modified (7.2.1994) by 1993 c. 48, ss. 144(7)(a), 147(3) (with s. 6(8)); S.I. 1994/86, art. 2

Act modified (31.10.1994) by 1994 c. 21, s. 36(1) (with s. 40(7)); S.I. 1994/2553, art. 2

Act modified (S.) (1.11.2001) by 2001 asp 10, s. 63, Sch. 7 para. 11; S.S.I. 2001/336, art. 2(3), Sch. Pt. II (subject to transitional provisions and savings in art. 3)

Act modified (E.W.S.) (5.10.2004) by Energy Act 2004 (c. 20), ss. 159, 198, Sch. 20 paras. 41, 42; S.I. 2004/2575, art. 2(1), Sch. 1

Act modified (E.W.) (1.10.2005) by The Energy Administration Rules 2005 (S.I. 2005/2483), rules 3, 184

Act modified (S.) (6.4.2006) by The Energy Administration (Scotland) Rules 2006 (S.I. 2006/772), rules 3, 68

C5Act applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1986/2142, arts. 1(2), 8(1)(b)(2), 13(3)(4)(6), 15, Sch. 2

Act applied (with modifications) (6.1.1997) by S.I. 1996/2827, reg. 25(1)-(4)

Act applied (with modifications) (1.12.2001) by S.I. 2001/1228, regs. 1(2), 31(1) (with reg. 1(3)); S.I. 2001/3538, art. 2(1)

Act applied (1.12.2001) by 2000 c. 8, s. 367(7); S.I. 2001/3538, art. 2(1)

C6Act extended by Banking Act 1987 (c. 22, SIF 10), s. 92(2)

Act extended (E.W.) by Water Act 1989 (c. 15, SIF 130), s. 23, Sch. 6 Pt. II para. 11(1)(2)(3) (with ss. 58(7), 101(1), 141(6), 160(1)(2)(4), 163, 189(4)?(10), 190, 193(1), Sch. 26 paras. 3(1)(2), 17, 40(4), 57(6), 58)

Act extended (E.W.) (1.12.1991) by Water Industry Act 1991 (c. 56), ss. 23(3), 223(2), Sch. 3 Pt. II paras.11(1)-(3), 12(2) ( with ss. 82(3), 186(1), 222(1), Sch. 14 para. 6).

Act (except s. 413, Sch. 7) extended (E.W.) (1.1.1992) by S.I. 1991/2684, arts. 2(1), 4, Sch.1.

Act extended (1.10.1996) by 1996 c. 52. s. 7, Sch. 1 Pt. II para. 14(1); S.I. 1996/2402, art. 3 (subject to transitional provisions and savings in Sch.)

Act (except ss. 8-10, 24-26) extended (15.7.2003) by 1999 c. 29, s. 220(3), Sch. 14 Pt. III para. 20; S.I. 2003/1920, art. 2

C7Act: power to modify conferred (2.4.2001) by 2000 c. 39, s. 7(2); S.I. 2001/776, art. 2(1)(a) (subject to transitional provisions in art. 3)

Act: power to apply (with modifications) conferred (E.W.S.) (15.9.2003) by 2002 c. 40, ss. 254(1), 279 (with s. 249(6)); S.I. 2003/2093, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 (subject to arts. 3-8 (as amended by S.I. 2003/2332, art. 2))

Act: power to amend conferred (E.W.) (1.4.2004) by 2002 c. 40, ss. 264(2), 279 (with s. 249(6)); S.I. 2003/2093, art. 2(2), Sch. 2 (subject to arts. 3-8 (as amended by S.I. 2003/2332, art. 2))

C9Act applied (with modifications) (6.4.2008) by Serious Crime Act 2007 (c. 27), ss. 27(2)-(4), 94; S.I. 2008/755, art. 15(1)(f)

C10Act applied in part (with modifications) (8.10.2008 at 12.15 p.m.) by The Kaupthing Singer & Friedlander Limited Transfer of Certain Rights and Liabilities Order 2008 (S.I. 2008/2674), Pt. 5 (arts. 19-27)

C11Act applied in part (with modifications) (7.10.2008 at 9.30 a.m.) by The Heritable Bank plc Transfer of Certain Rights and Liabilities Order 2008 (S.I. 2008/2644), Pt. 4 (arts. 18-25)

C12Act excluded (26.1.2009) by 1998 c. 17 s. 38A(6) (as inserted by Energy Act 2008 (c. 32), ss. 74(1), 110; S.I. 2009/45, art. 2(b)(i))

C15Act: power to amend conferred (17.2.2009 for certain purposes, otherwise 21.02.2009) by Banking Act 2009 (c. 1), s. 158(2)(b) (with s. 247); S.I. 2009/296, arts. 2, 3, Sch.

C16Act: power to amend conferred (17.2.2009 for certain purposes, otherwise 21.02.2009) by Banking Act 2009 (c. 1), s. 159(2)(b) (with s. 247); S.I. 2009/296, arts. 2, 3, Sch.

C20Act: power to modify conferred (E.W.) (1.10.2010 for specified purposes) by Flood and Water Management Act 2010 (c. 29), ss. 34, 49(3), Sch. 5 para. 3 (with s. 49(1)(6)); S.I. 2010/2169, art. 4, Sch.

C24Act: power to modify conferred (1.10.2011) by Postal Services Act 2011 (c. 5), ss. 73, 93(2)(3), Sch. 10 para. 46; S.I. 2011/2329, art. 3 (with arts. 4, 5)

Commencement Information

I1Act not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 443

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