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Gas Act 1986

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E+W+S

Gas Act 1986

1986 CHAPTER 44

An Act to provide for the appointment and functions of a Director General of Gas Supply and the establishment and functions of a Gas Consumers’ Council; to abolish the privilege conferred on the British Gas Corporation by section 29 of the Gas Act 1972; to make new provision with respect to the supply of gas through pipes and certain related matters; to provide for the vesting of the property, rights and liabilities of the British Gas Corporation in a company nominated by the Secretary of State and the subsequent dissolution of that Corporation; to make provision with respect to, and to information furnished in connection with, agreements relating to the initial supply of gas won under the authority of a petroleum production licence; and for connected purposes.

[25th July 1986]

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

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Extent Information

E1Act, except for specified provisions, does not extend to N.I. see s. 68(6)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Act applied (8.11.1995) by 1995 c. 45, s. 17(2)

Part IE+W+S+N.I. Gas Supply

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2Pt. I: definition of "public gas supplier" applied (E.W.) (1.12.1991) by Water Resources Act 1991 (c. 57, SIF 130), ss. 208(3)(b), 225(2) (with ss. 16(6), 179, 222(3), Sch. 22 para. 1, Sch. 23 para. 6)

Pt. I: definition of "public gas supplier" applied (E.W.) (1.12.1991) by Water Resources Act 1991 (c. 57, SIF 130), ss. 178, 225(2), Sch. 22 para. 1(4)(e) (with ss. 16(6), 179, 222(3), Sch. 22 para. 1, Sch. 23 para. 6)

Pt. I applied (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 6(7); S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

Pt. I applied (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 16(1), Sch. 4 para. 1; S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

IntroductoryE+W+S+N.I.

F11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F1S. 1 repealed (7.11.2000) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 8; S.I. 2000/2974, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-12)

F22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F2S. 2 repealed (7.11.2000) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 8; S.I. 2000/2974, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-12)

F33. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F3S. 3 repealed (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 8; S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

[F44AA The principal objective and general duties of the Secretary of State and the Authority.E+W+S

(1)The principal objective of the Secretary of State and the Gas and Electricity Markets Authority (in this Act referred to as “the Authority”) in carrying out their respective functions under this Part is to protect the interests of consumers in relation to gas conveyed through pipes, wherever appropriate by promoting effective competition between persons engaged in, or in commercial activities connected with, the shipping, transportation or supply of gas so conveyed.

(2)The Secretary of State and the Authority shall carry out those functions in the manner which he or it considers is best calculated to further the principal objective, having regard to—

(a)the need to secure that, so far as it is economical to meet them, all reasonable demands in Great Britain for gas conveyed through pipes are met; and

(b)the need to secure that licence holders are able to finance the activities which are the subject of obligations imposed by or under this Part or the Utilities Act 2000.

(3)In performing that duty, the Secretary of State or the Authority shall have regard to the interests of—

(a)individuals who are disabled or chronically sick;

(b)individuals of pensionable age;

(c)individuals with low incomes; and

(d)individuals residing in rural areas;

but that is not to be taken as implying that regard may not be had to the interests of other descriptions of consumer.

(4)The Secretary of State and the Authority may, in carrying out any function under this Part, have regard to—

(a)the interests of consumers in relation to electricity conveyed by distribution systems (within the meaning of the M1Electricity Act 1989); and

(b)any interests of consumers in relation to—

(i)telecommunication services and telecommunication apparatus (within the meaning of the M2Telecommunications Act 1984); or

(ii)water services or sewerage services (within the meaning of the M3Water Industry Act 1991),

which are affected by the carrying out of that function.

(5)Subject to subsection (2), the Secretary of State and the Authority shall carry out their respective functions under this Part in the manner which he or it considers is best calculated—

(a)to promote efficiency and economy on the part of persons authorised by licences or exemptions to carry on any activity, and the efficient use of gas conveyed through pipes;

(b)to protect the public from dangers arising from the conveyance of gas through pipes or from the use of gas conveyed through pipes; and

(c)to secure a diverse and viable long-term energy supply,

and shall have regard, in carrying out those functions, to the effect on the environment of activities connected with the conveyance of gas through pipes.

(6)In this section “consumers” includes both existing and future consumers.

(7)In this section and sections 4AB and 4A, references to functions of the Secretary of State or the Authority under this Part include a reference to functions under the Utilities Act 2000 which relate to gas conveyed through pipes.

(8)In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires,—

  • exemption” means an exemption granted under section 6A;

  • licence” means a licence under section 7 or 7A and “licence holder” shall be construed accordingly.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F4S. 4AA substituted (20.12.2000) for s. 4 by 2000 c. 27, s. 9; S.I. 2000/3343, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-15)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C3S. 4AA(2)(b) amended (temp. from 19.12.2000) by S.I. 2000/3343, art. 5 (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-15)

Marginal Citations

[F54AB Guidance on social and environmental matters.E+W+S

(1)The Secretary of State shall from time to time issue guidance about the making by the Authority of a contribution towards the attainment of any social or environmental policies set out or referred to in the guidance.

(2)The Authority shall, in carrying out its functions under this Part, have regard to any guidance issued under this section.

(3)Before issuing guidance under this section the Secretary of State shall consult—

(a)the Authority;

(b)the Gas and Electricity Consumer Council (in this Act referred to as “the Council”);

(c)licence holders; and

(d)such other persons as the Secretary of State considers it appropriate to consult in relation to the guidance.

(4)A draft of any guidance proposed to be issued under this section shall be laid before each House of Parliament.

(5)Guidance shall not be issued under this section until after the period of forty days beginning with—

(a)the day on which the draft is laid before each House of Parliament; or

(b)if the draft is laid before the House of Lords on one day and the House of Commons on another, the later of those two days.

(6)If, before the end of that period, either House resolves that the guidance should not be issued, the Secretary of State must not issue it.

(7)In reckoning any period of forty days for the purposes of subsection (5) or (6), no account shall be taken of any time during which—

(a)Parliament is dissolved or prorogued; or

(b)both Houses are adjourned for more than four days.

(8)The Secretary of State shall arrange for any guidance issued under this section to be published in such manner as he considers appropriate.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F5S. 4AB inserted (20.12.2000) by 2000 c. 27, s. 10; S.I. 2000/3343, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-15)

[F64A Health and safety.E+W+S

(1)The Secretary of State and the Authority shall consult the Health and Safety Commission about all gas safety issues which may be relevant to the carrying out of any of their respective functions under this Part.

(2)The Secretary of State and the Authority shall, in carrying out their respective functions under this Part, take into account any advice given by the Health and Safety Commission about any gas safety issue (whether or not in response to consultation under subsection (1)).

(3)For the purposes of this section a gas safety issue is anything concerning the conveyance of gas through pipes, or the use of gas conveyed through pipes, which may affect the health and safety of—

(a)members of the public; or

(b)persons employed in connection with the conveyance of gas through pipes or the supply of gas conveyed through pipes.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F6S. 4A substituted (20.12.2000) by 2000 c. 27, s. 11; S.I. 2000/3343, art. 2, Sch.(subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-15)

[F74B Exceptions from sections 4AA to 4A.E+W+S

(1)Section 4AA does not apply in relation to the issuing by the Secretary of State of guidance under section 4AB.

(2)Sections 4AA to 4A do not apply in relation to anything done by the Authority—

(a)in the exercise of functions relating to the determination of disputes; or

(b)in the exercise of functions under section 36A(3).

(3)The Authority may nevertheless, when exercising any function under section 36A(3), have regard to any matter in respect of which a duty is imposed by sections 4AA to 4A if it is a matter to which the Director General of Fair Trading could have regard when exercising that function.

(4)The duties imposed by sections 4AA to 4A do not affect the obligation of the Authority or the Secretary of State to perform or comply with any other duty or requirement (whether arising under this Act or another enactment, by virtue of any Community obligation or otherwise).]

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Amendments (Textual)

F7S. 4B inserted (20.12.2000) by 2000 c. 27, s. 12; S.I. 2000/3343, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-15)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C4S. 4B(3) excluded (20.12.2000) by S.I. 2000/3343, art. 10(1)(b) (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-15)

[F8 Licensing of activities relating to gas]E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F8S. 5 and cross-heading preceding it substituted (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 3; S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

[5F9Prohibition on unlicensed activitiesE+W+S

(1)Subject to section 6A below and Schedule 2A to this Act, a person who—

(a)conveys gas through pipes to any premises, or to a pipe-line system operated by a [F10gas transporter]];

(b)supplies to any premises gas which has been conveyed to those premises through pipes; or

(c)arranges with a [F10gas transporter] for gas to be introduced into, conveyed by means of or taken out of a pipe-line system operated by that transporter,

shall be guilty of an offence unless he is authorised to do so by a licence.

(2)The exceptions to subsection (1) above which are contained in Schedule 2A to this Act shall have effect.

(3)A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable—

(a)on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine.

(4)No proceedings shall be instituted in England and Wales in respect of an offence under this section except by or on behalf of the Secretary of State or the Director.

(5)Any reference in this Part to the conveyance by any person of gas through pipes to any premises is a reference to the conveyance by him of gas through pipes to those premises with a view to the gas being supplied to those premises by any person, or being used in those premises by the holder of a licence under section 7A(2) below.

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Amendments (Textual)

F9S. 5 and cross-heading substituted (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 3; S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

F10Words in s. 5(1)(a)(c) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6, Pt. I para. 3; S.I. 2001/3266, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C5S. 5(1)(a) excluded (8.11.1995 with effect as mentioned in Sch. 5 Pt. II para. 16(1) of the amending Act) by 1995 c. 45, s. 17(1), Sch. 5 Pt. II para. 16(1)(a); S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

S. 5(1)(a) excluded (14.10.1999) (temp. to 1.3.2011 unless revoked earlier) by S.I. 1999/2639, arts. 1(2)(3), 3, 4-6, 7(1)

S. 5(1)(a) restricted (9.12.1999) (temp. to 1.3.2011 unless revoked earlier) by S.I. 1999/3089, arts. 1(2)(3), 3, 5(1)

C6S. 5(1)(a)-(c) excluded (8.11.1995 for specified purposes) by 1995 c. 45, s. 17(1), Sch. 5 Pt. II para. 17(1)(a)

C7S. 5(1)(a) excluded (1.12.1996) by S.I. 1996/2795, arts. 3, 4

C8S. 5(1)(b) excluded (8.11.1995) by 1995 c. 45, s. 17(1), Sch. 5 Pt. II para. 16(1)(b); S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

S. 5(1)(b) excluded (14.10.1999) (temp. to 1.3.2011 unless revoked earlier) by S.I. 1999/2639, arts. 1(2)(3), 3, 4-6, 7(2)

S. 5(1)(b) restricted (9.12.1999) (temp. to 1.3.2011 unless revoked earlier) by S.I. 1999/3089, arts. 1(2)(3), 5(2)

F116. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

[F126A Exemptions from prohibition.E+W+S

(1)The Secretary of State may, F13. . . by order grant exemption from paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of section 5(1) above—

(a)either to a person or to persons of a class;

(b)either generally or to such extent as may be specified in the order; and

(c)either unconditionally or subject to such conditions as may be so specified.

[F14(1A)Before making an order under subsection (1) the Secretary of State shall give notice—

(a)stating that he proposes to make such an order and setting out the terms of the proposed order;

(b)stating the reasons why he proposes to make the order in the terms proposed; and

(c)specifying the time (not being less than 28 days from the date of publication of the notice) within which representations with respect to the proposals may be made,

and shall consider any representations which are duly made in respect of the proposals and not withdrawn.

(1B)The notice required by subsection (1A) shall be given—

(a)by serving a copy of it on the Authority and the Council; and

(b)by publishing it in such manner as the Secretary of State considers appropriate for bringing it to the attention of those likely to be affected by the proposed order.]

[F15(2)Notice of an exemption granted to a person shall be given—

(a)by serving a copy of the exemption on him; and

(b)by publishing the exemption in such manner as the Secretary of State considers appropriate for bringing it to the attention of other persons who may be affected by it.

(2A)Notice of an exemption granted to persons of a class shall be given by publishing the exemption in such manner as the Secretary of State considers appropriate for bringing it to the attention of—

(a)persons of that class; and

(b)other persons who may be affected by it.

(3)An exemption may be granted—

(a)indefinitely; or

(b)for a period specified in, or determined by or under, the exemption.]

(4)Without prejudice to the generality of paragraph (c) of subsection (1) above, conditions included by virtue of that paragraph in an exemption may require any person carrying on any activity in pursuance of the exemption—

(a)to comply with any direction given by the Secretary of State or the Director as to such matters as are specified in the exemption or are of a description so specified;

(b)except in so far as the Secretary of State or the Director consents to his doing or not doing them, not to do or to do such things as are specified in the exemption or are of a description so specified; and

(c)to refer for determination by the Secretary of State or the Director such questions arising under the exemption as are specified in the exemption or are of a description so specified.

[F16(5)The Secretary of State may by order revoke an order by which an exemption was granted to a person or vary an order by which more than one exemption was so granted so as to terminate any of the exemptions—

(a)at the person’s request;

(b)in accordance with any provision of the order by which the exemption was granted; or

(c)if it appears to the Secretary of State inappropriate that the exemption should continue to have effect.

(6)The Secretary of State may by order revoke an order by which an exemption was granted to persons of a class or vary an order by which more than one exemption was so granted so as to terminate any of the exemptions—

(a)in accordance with any provision of the order by which the exemption was granted; or

(b)if it appears to the Secretary of State inappropriate that the exemption should continue to have effect.

(7)The Secretary of State may by direction withdraw an exemption granted to persons of a class from any person of that class—

(a)at the person’s request;

(b)in accordance with any provision of the order by which the exemption was granted; or

(c)if it appears to the Secretary of State inappropriate that the exemption should continue to have effect in the case of the person.

(8)Before—

(a)making an order under subsection (5)(b) or (c) or (6); or

(b)giving a direction under subsection (7)(b) or (c),

the Secretary of State shall consult the Authority and give notice of his proposal to do so (with reasons) and of a period within which representations may be made to him.

(9)The notice under subsection (8) shall be given—

(a)where the Secretary of State is proposing to make an order under subsection (5)(b) or (c), by serving a copy of it on the person to whom the exemption was granted;

(b)where he is proposing to make an order under subsection (6), by publishing it in such manner as the Secretary of State considers appropriate for bringing it to the attention of persons of the class of persons to whom the exemption was granted; and

(c)where he is proposing to give a direction under subsection (7)(b) or (c), by serving a copy of it on the person from whom he proposes to withdraw the exemption.]]

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Amendments (Textual)

F12S. 6A substituted (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 4; S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

F13Words in s. 6A(1) repealed (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, ss. 86(1), 108, Sch. 8; S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F14S. 6A(1A)(1B) inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 86(2); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F15S. 6A(2)(2A)(3) substituted (1.10.2001) for s. 6A(2)(3) by 2000 c. 27, s. 86(3); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F16S. 6A(5)-(9) substituted (1.10.2001) for s. 6A(5) by 2000 c. 27, s. 86(4); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C10S. 6A extended (8.11.1995 with effect as mentioned in Sch. 5 Pt. II paras. 16(1), 17(1) of the amending Act) by 1995 c. 45, s. 17(1), Sch. 5 Pt. II paras. 16(1)(b), 17(1)(b); S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

[F177 Licensing of public gas transporters.E+W+S

(1)In this Part “ [F18gas transporter]” means the holder of a licence under this section except where the holder is acting otherwise than for purposes connected with—

(a)the carrying on of activities authorised by the licence;

(b)the conveyance of gas through pipes which—

(i)are situated in an authorised area of his; or

(ii)are situated in an area which was an authorised area of his, or an authorised area of a previous holder of the licence, and were so situated at a time when it was such an area; or

(c)the conveyance through pipes of gas which is in the course of being conveyed to or from a country or territory outside Great Britain.

(2)Subject to subsection (3) below, the Director may grant a licence authorising any person to do either or both of the following, namely—

(a)to convey gas through pipes to any premises in an authorised area of his, that is to say, [F19any area specified in the licence as it has effect for the time being;]

(b)to convey gas through pipes either to any pipe-line system operated by another [F20gas transporter], or to any pipe-line system so operated which is specified in the licence or an extension of the licence.

(3)A licence shall not be granted under this section to a person who is the holder of a licence under section 7A below.

(4)The Director may, with the consent of the licence holder, direct that any licence under this section shall have effect—

(a)as if any area or pipe-line system specified in the direction were specified in the licence;

(b)in the case of a licence under subsection (2)(a) above, as if it were also a licence under subsection (2)(b) above and any pipe-line system specified in the direction were specified in the licence; or

(c)in the case of a licence under subsection (2)(b) above, as if it were also a licence under subsection (2)(a) above and any area specified in the direction were specified in the licence;

and references in this Part to, or to the grant of, an extension under this section, or an extension of such a licence, shall be construed as references to, or to the giving of, such a direction.

[F21(4A)The Authority may, with the consent of the licence holder, direct that any licence under this section shall have effect as if any area or pipe-line system specified in the direction were not specified in the licence; and references in this Part to, or to the grant of, a restriction under this section, or a restriction of such a licence, shall be construed as references to, or to the giving of, such a direction.]

(5)Before granting a licence F22. . . under this section, the Director shall give notice—

(a)stating that he proposes to grant the licence F22. . .;

(b)stating the reasons why he proposes to grant the licence F22. . .; and

(c)specifying the time from the date of publication of the notice (not being less than two months F22. . .) within which represent- ations or objections with respect to the proposed licence F22. . . may be made,

and shall consider any representations or objections which are duly made and not withdrawn.

(6)A notice under subsection (5) above shall be given—

(a)by publishing the notice in such manner as the Director considers appropriate for bringing it to the attention of persons likely to be affected by the grant of the licence F22. . .; and

(b)by sending a copy of the notice to the Secretary of State, to the Health and Safety Executive and to any [F20gas transporter] whose area includes the whole or any part of the area proposed to be specified in the licence F22. . ..

F23(7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F23(8). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(9)As soon as practicable after the granting of a licence under this section, the [F20gas transporter] shall publish, in such manner as the Director considers appropriate for bringing it to the attention of persons who are likely to do business with the transporter, a notice—

(a)stating that the licence has been granted; and

(b)explaining that, as a result, it might be necessary for those persons to be licensed under section 7A below.

(10)In this section—

(a)relevant main” has the same meaning as in section 10 below;

(b)references to an area specified in a licence or direction include references to an area included in an area so specified; and

(c)references to a pipe-line system specified in a licence or direction include references to a pipe-line system of a description, or situated in an area, so specified.

F24(11). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

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Amendments (Textual)

F17S. 7 substituted (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 5; S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

F18Words in s. 7(1) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 76(2); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F19Words in s. 7(2)(a) and word “and”preceding para. (b) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 76(3); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F20Words in s. 7(2)(b)(6)(b)(9) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6, Pt. I para. 4; S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F21S. 7(4A) inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 76(4); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F22Words in s. 7(5)(6) repealed (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, ss. 76(5), 108, Sch. 8; S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F23S. 7(7)(8) repealed (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, ss. 76(6), 108, Sch. 8; S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F24S. 7(11) repealed (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 8; S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C11S. 7 amended (16.5.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 81(1); S.I. 2001/1781, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-10)

S. 7 amended (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 76(1); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

C12S. 7 applied (with modifications) (8.11.1995) by 1995 c. 45, s. 17(1), Sch. 5 Pt. II para. 15(1)(4); S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

C13S. 7 extended (8.11.1995) by 1995 c. 45, s. 17(1), Sch. 5 Pt. I para. 1(1)(a); S,I. 1996/218, art. 2

[F257A Licensing of gas suppliers and gas shippers.E+W+S

(1)Subject to subsection (3) below, the Director may grant a licence authorising any person to do either or both of the following, namely—

(a)to supply, to any premises specified in the licence, gas which has been conveyed through pipes to those premises; and

(b)to supply, to any premises at a rate which, at the time when he undertakes to give the supply, he reasonably expects to exceed 2,500 therms a year, gas which has been conveyed through pipes to those premises.

(2)Subject to subsection (3) below, the Director may grant a licence authorising any person to arrange with any [F26gas transporter] for gas to be introduced into, conveyed by means of or taken out of a pipe-line system operated by that transporter, either generally or for purposes connected with the supply of gas to any premises specified in the licence.

(3)A licence shall not be granted under this section to a person who is the holder of a licence under section 7 above.

(4)The Director may, with the consent of the licence holder, direct that any licence under this section shall have effect—

(a)as if any premises specified in the direction were specified in the licence; or

(b)in the case of a licence under subsection (1)(b) above, as if it were also a licence under subsection (1)(a) above and any premises specified in the direction were specified in the licence,

and references in this Part to, or to the grant of, an extension under this section, or an extension of such a licence, shall be construed as references to, or to the giving of, such a direction.

(5)Subsection (4) above shall not apply in relation to a licence under subsection (1) above which authorises only the supply to premises of gas which has been conveyed to the premises otherwise than by a [F26gas transporter].

(6)The Director may, with the consent of the licence holder, direct that any licence under this section shall have effect as if any premises specified in the direction were not specified in the licence; and references in this Part to, or to the grant of, a restriction under this section, or a restriction of such a licence, shall be construed as references to, or to the giving of, such a direction.

(7)In this section references to premises specified in a licence or direction include references to premises of a description, or situated in an area, so specified.

(8)The Director shall not, in any licence under subsection (1) above, or in any extension or restriction of such a licence, specify any premises by description or area if he is of the opinion that the description or area has been so framed as—

(a)in the case of a licence or extension, artificially to exclude from the licence or extension; or

(b)in the case of a restriction, artificially to include in the restriction,

premises likely to be owned or occupied by persons who are chronically sick, disabled or of pensionable age, or who are likely to default in the payment of charges.

(9)If the holder of a licence under subsection (1) above applies to the Director for a restriction of the licence, or for the revocation of the licence in accordance with any term contained in it, the Director shall, subject to subsection (8) above, accede to the application if he is satisfied that such arrangements have been made as—

(a)will secure continuity of supply for all relevant consumers; and

(b)in the case of each such consumer who is supplied with gas in pursuance of a contract, will secure such continuity on the same terms as nearly as may be as the terms of the contract.

(10)A person is a relevant consumer for the purposes of subsection (9) above if—

(a)immediately before the restriction or revocation takes effect, he is being supplied with gas by the holder of the licence; and

(b)in the case of a restriction, his premises are excluded from the licence by the restriction;

and in that subsection “contract” does not include any contract which, by virtue of paragraph 8 of Schedule 2B to this Act, is deemed to have been made.

(11)In this Part “gas supplier” and “gas shipper” mean respectively the holder of a licence under subsection (1) above, and the holder of a licence under subsection (2) above, except (in either case) where the holder is acting otherwise than for purposes connected with the carrying on of activities authorised by the licence.

(12)Any reference in this Part (however expressed) to activities authorised by a licence under subsection (1) above shall be construed without regard to any exception contained in Schedule 2A to this Act.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F25S. 7A inserted (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 6; S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

F26Words in S. 7A(2)(5) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 2(1); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C14S. 7A applied (with modifications) (8.11.1995) by 1995 c. 45, s. 17(1), Sch. 5 Pt. II para. 15(1)(4); S.I. 1996.218, art. 2

S. 7A applied (with modifications) (1.3.1996) by S.I. 1996/399, art. 2(2)

C16S. 7A(1)(2) amended (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 81(1); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

[F277B Licences: general.E+W+S

(1)An application for a licence or an extension or restriction of a licence shall be made in such form and manner, and shall contain, or be accompanied by, such information and documents and such fee (if any), as may be prescribed.

(2)Within the prescribed period after the making of an application for a licence or an extension or restriction of a licence, the applicant shall—

(a)publish a notice of the application in the prescribed manner; and

(b)in the case of an application for a licence or extension under section 7 above, give notice of the application to any [F28gas transporters] whose authorised area includes the whole or any part of the area to which the application relates.

[F29(2A)Where the Authority proposes to refuse the application, it shall give to the applicant a notice—

(a)stating that it proposes to refuse the application;

(b)stating the reasons why it proposes to refuse the application; and

(c)specifying the time within which representations with respect to the proposed refusal may be made,

and shall consider any representations which are duly made and not withdrawn.]

(3)A licence or an extension or restriction of a licence shall be in writing and, unless revoked or suspended in accordance with any term contained in it, a licence shall continue in force for such period as may be specified in or determined by or under the licence.

(4)A licence may include—

(a)such conditions (whether or not relating to the activities authorised by the licence) as appear to the Director to be requisite or expedient having regard to the duties imposed by [F30sections 4AA, 4AB and 4A];

F31(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(c)conditions requiring the rendering to the Director of a payment on the grant of the licence or payments during the currency of the licence or both of such amount or amounts as may be determined by or under the licence; F32. . .

F32(d). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F33(4A)Without prejudice to the generality of paragraph (a) of subsection (4), conditions included in a licence under section 7 by virtue of that paragraph—

(a)may require the licence holder to enter into agreements with other persons for the use of any pipe-line system of his (wherever situated and whether or not used for the purpose of carrying on the activities authorised by the licence) for such purposes as may be specified in the conditions;

(b)may include provision for determining the terms on which such agreements are to be entered into.]

(5)Without prejudice to the generality of paragraph (a) of subsection (4) above—

(a)conditions included by virtue of that paragraph in a licence may—

(i)require the holder to comply with any direction given by the Director or the Secretary of State as to such matters as are specified in the licence or are of a description so specified;

(ii)require the holder, except in so far as the Director or the Secretary of State consents to his doing or not doing them, not to do or to do such things as are specified in the licence or are of a description so specified; and

(iii)provide for the determination by the Director, the Secretary of State or the Health and Safety Executive of such questions arising under the licence, or under any document [F34referred to] in the licence, as are specified in the licence or are of a description so specified; and

(b)conditions included by virtue of that paragraph in a licence under section 7 above may require the holder, in such circumstances as are specified in the licence—

(i)so to increase his charges for the conveyance of gas as to raise such amounts as may be determined by or under the conditions; and

(ii)to pay the amounts so raised to such holders of licences under section 7A above as may be so determined.

(6)Conditions included in a licence may—

(a)impose requirements by reference to designation, acceptance or approval by the Director, the Secretary of State or the Health and Safety Executive; and

(b)provide for references in the conditions to any document F35. . .to operate as references to that document as revised or re-issued from time to time.

(7)Conditions included in a licence may contain provision for the conditions to—

(a)have effect or cease to have effect at such times and in such circumstances as may be determined by or under the conditions; or

(b)be modified in such manner as may be specified in the conditions at such times and in such circumstances as may be so determined.

(8)Any provision included in a licence by virtue of subsection (7) above shall have effect in addition to the provision made by this Part with respect to the modification of the conditions of a licence.

(9)As soon as practicable after granting a licence or an extension or restriction of a licence, the Director shall send a copy of the licence or extension or restriction—

(a)to the Health and Safety Executive; F36. . .

(b)in the case of a licence [F37, extension or restriction] under section 7 above, to any public gas transporter whose authorised area [F38includes] the whole or any part of the area specified in the licence [F37, extension or restriction][F39; and.

(c)to any other person who holds a licence and whose interests may, in the opinion of the Authority, be affected by the grant.]

(10)Any sums received by the Director under or by virtue of this section shall be paid into the Consolidated Fund.]

[F40(11)In this section “prescribed” means prescribed in regulations made by the Authority.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F27S. 7B inserted (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 7; S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

F28Words in s. 7B(2)(b)(9)(b) substituted (16.5.2001 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 2(1); S.I. 2001/1781, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-10); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F29S. 7B(2A) inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 74(2); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F30Words in s. 7B(4)(a) substituted (20.12.2000) by 2000 c. 27, s. 74(3)(a); S.I. 2000/3343, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-15)

F31S. 7B(4)(b) omitted (20.12.2000) by virtue of 2000 c. 27, s. 74(3)(b); S.I. 2000/3343, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-15) and repealed (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 8; S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F32S. 7B(4)(d) and word “and”preceding it repealed (7.11.2000) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 5, Sch. 8; S.I. 2000/2974, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-12)

F33S. 7B(4A) inserted (16.5.2001 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 74(4); S.I. 2001/1781, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-10); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F34Words s. 7B(5)(a)(iii) substituted (16.5.2001 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 74(5); S.I. 2001/1781, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-10); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F35Words in s. 7B(6) shall cease to have effect (16.5.2001 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 74(6); S.I. 2001/1781, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-10); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20) and are repealed (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 8; S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F36S. 7B(9): word “and”preceding para. (b) repealed (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 8; S.I. 2001/3266, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F37Words in s. 7B(9)(b) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6, Pt. I para. 6(a)(i); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F38Word in s. 9B(9)(b) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 6(a)(ii); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F39S. 7B(9)(c) and the word “and”immediately preceding (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6, Pt. I para. 6(b); S.I. 2001/3266, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F40S. 7B(10) inserted (16.5.2001 for certain purposes, otherwise 1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 74(7); S.I. 2001/1781, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-10); S.I. 2001/3266, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C18S. 7B applied (with modifications) (1.3.1996) by S.I. 1996/399, art. 2(2)

C19S. 7B applied (with modifications) (8.11.1995 ) by 1995 c. 45, s. 17(1), Sch. 5 Pt. II para. 15(1)(4); S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

[F418 Standard conditions of licences.E+W+S

(1)Subject to subsections (2) and (3) F42. . ., each condition which by virtue of [F43section 81(2) of the Utilities Act 2000] is a standard condition for the purposes of—

(a)licences under section 7 above;

(b)licences under subsection (1) of section 7A above; or

(c)licences under subsection (2) of that section,

shall be incorporated (that is to say, incorporated by reference) in each licence under that section or, as the case may be, that subsection.

(2)Subsection (1) above shall not apply in relation to a licence under section 7A(1) above which authorises only the supply to premises of gas which has been conveyed to the premises otherwise than by a [F44gas transporter].

(3)Subject to the following provisions of this section, the Director may, in granting a licence, modify any of the standard conditions to such extent as he considers requisite to meet the circumstances of the particular case.

(4)Before making any modifications under subsection (3) above, the Director shall give notice—

(a)stating that he proposes to make the modifications and setting out their effect;

(b)stating the reasons why he proposes to make the modifications; and

(c)specifying the time (not being less than 28 days from the date of publication of the notice) within which representations or objections with respect to the proposed modifications may be made,

and shall consider any representations or objections which are duly made and not withdrawn.

(5)A notice under subsection (4) above shall be given—

(a)by publishing the notice in such manner as the Director considers appropriate for the purpose of bringing the notice to the attention of persons likely to be affected by the making of the modifications; and

(b)by sending a copy of the notice to the Secretary of State, to the Health and Safety Executive and to the Council.

(6)If, within the time specified in the notice under subsection (4) above, the Secretary of State directs the Director not to make any modification, the Director shall comply with the direction.

(7)The Director shall not make any modifications under subsection (3) above of a condition of a licence under subsection (1) or (2) of section 7A above unless he is of the opinion that the modifications are such that.

[F45(a)the licence holder would not be unduly disadvantaged in competing with other holders of a licence under that subsection; and

(b)]no other holder of such a licence would be unduly disadvantaged in competing with other holders of such licences (including the holder of the licence [F45being modified])

(8)The modification under subsection (3) above of a condition of a licence shall not prevent so much of the condition as is not so modified being regarded as a standard condition for the purposes of this Part.

(9)In this section “modify” includes fail to incorporate and “modification” shall be construed accordingly.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F41S. 8 substituted (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 8(1); S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

F42Words in s. 8(1) repealed (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, ss. 81(3)(a), 108, Sch. 8; S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F43Words in s. 8(1) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 81(3)(b); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F44Words in s. 8 substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 2(1); S.I. 2001/3266, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F45Words in s. 8(7) inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 82(1); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

[F468AA Transfer of licences.E+W+S

(1)A licence—

(a)shall be capable of being transferred by the licence holder, with the consent of the Authority, in accordance with this section and subject to any term of the licence relating to its transfer;

(b)may include conditions which must be complied with before the licence can be transferred.

(2)A transfer may relate to the whole or any part of the licence.

(3)The reference in subsection (2) to part of a licence is a reference to a part of the activities authorised by the licence (whether described by reference to activities being carried on by the licence holder or to activities which he is authorised to carry on).

(4)Such consent may be given subject to compliance with such modification or other conditions as the Authority considers necessary or expedient.

(5)In the case of a partial transfer, conditions imposed under subsection (4) may make as respects so much of the licence as is proposed to be retained by the transferor provision different from that made as respects so much of the licence as is proposed to be transferred.

(6)In deciding whether to give its consent to a proposed transfer, the Authority shall apply the same criteria as it would apply if the Authority were deciding whether—

(a)in the case of a general transfer, to grant a corresponding licence to the transferee; or

(b)in the case of a partial transfer—

(i)to grant to the transferee a licence corresponding to so much of the licence as is proposed to be transferred; and

(ii)to grant to the transferor a licence corresponding to so much of the licence as is proposed to be retained.

(7)The Authority shall—

(a)give the Health and Safety Executive not less than 28 days’ notice of any proposal to consent to any proposed transfer; and

(b)give that Executive and the Secretary of State not less than 28 days’ notice of any proposal to impose a modification condition.

(8)If, before the expiry of the time specified in a notice given to the Secretary of State under subsection (7)(b), the Secretary of State directs the Authority not to impose the condition, the Authority shall comply with the direction.

(9)Before giving consent to the transfer of a licence, the Authority shall give notice—

(a)stating that it proposes to grant consent to the transfer;

(b)stating the reasons why it proposes to give consent; and

(c)specifying the time from the date of publication of the notice (not being less than two months) within which representations or objections with respect to the transfer may be made,

and shall consider any representations or objections that are duly made and not withdrawn.

(10)A notice under subsection (9) shall be given by publishing the notice in such manner as the Authority considers appropriate for bringing it to the attention of persons likely to be affected by the transfer.

(11)A purported transfer of a licence shall be void—

(a)if the licence is not capable of transfer or the Authority has not given its consent;

(b)if the purported transfer is in breach of a condition of the licence; or

(c)if there has, before the purported transfer, been a contravention of a condition subject to compliance with which the Authority’s consent is given.

(12)In this section—

  • transfer” includes any form of transfer or assignment or, in Scotland, assignation;

  • modification condition” means a condition requiring or otherwise providing for the making of modifications to the conditions of a licence.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F46S. 8AA substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 85; S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

[8AF47Modification or removal of the 25,000 therm limits.E+W+S

(1)The Secretary of State may by order amend [F48section 10(8) or (12) below, paragraph 4 of Schedule 2A to this Act or paragraph 4, 8 or 16 of Schedule 2B to this Act]] by substituting—

(a)where the limit is for the time being expressed by reference to a number of therms—

(i)such lower number of therms as he considers appropriate; or

(ii)such lower limit, expressed by reference to a number of kilowatt hours, as he considers appropriate; or

(b)where the limit is for the time being expressed by reference to a number of kilowatt hours, such lower number of kilowatt hours as he considers appropriate.

(2)An order under subsection (1) above may be made so as to provide for the number specified in one provision to differ from that for the time being specified in any of the other provisions.

F49(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F49(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F47S. 8A inserted (30.5.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 37; Commencement Order No. 1 made on 29.5.1992, art. 2.

F48Words in s. 8A(1) substituted (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 10(1), Sch. 3 para. 2(1); S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

[F50 The gas code]E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F50S. 8B and cross-heading inserted (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 9; S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

[F518B The gas code.E+W+S

The provisions of Schedule 2B to this Act (which relate to rights and obligations of licence holders and consumers and related matters) shall have effect.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F51S. 8B and cross-heading inserted (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 9(1); S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

[F52 Powers and duties of public gas transporters]E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F52Cross-heading substituted (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 10(1), Sch. 3 para. 3; S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

[F539 General powers and duties.E+W+S

(1)It shall be the duty of a [F54gas transporter] as respects each authorised area of his—

(a)to develop and maintain an efficient and economical pipe-line system for the conveyance of gas; and

(b)subject to paragraph (a) above, to comply, so far as it is economical to do so, with any reasonable request for him [F55

(i)]

to connect to that system, and convey gas by means of that system to, any premises [F56; or.

(ii)to connect to that system a pipe-line system operated by an authorised transporter.]

[F57(1A)It shall also be the duty of a gas transporter to facilitate competition in the supply of gas.]

(2)It shall also be the duty of a [F54gas transporter] to avoid any undue preference or undue discrimination—

(a)in the connection of premises [F58, or a pipe-line system operated by an authorised transporter,] to any pipe-line system operated by him; or

(b)in the terms on which he undertakes the conveyance of gas by means of such a system.

(3)The following provisions shall have effect, namely—

(a)Schedule 3 to this Act (which provides for the acquisition of land by [F54gas transporters]); and

(b)Schedule 4 to this Act (which relates to the breaking up of streets and bridges by such transporters).]

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Amendments (Textual)

F54Words in s. 9(1)(2)(3)(a) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 2(1); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F55S. 9(1)(b): “-(i)”inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 79(2)(a); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F56S. 9(1)(b)(ii) and the word “or”immediately preceding it inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 79(2)(b); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F57S. 9(1A) inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 79(3); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F58Words in s. 9(2)(a) inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 79(4); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C20S. 9(1)(b) applied (with modifications) (1.3.1996) by S.I. 1996/399, art. 3(1)

C21S. 9(3)(a) functions exercisable in or as regards Scotland (14.12.2000) by S.I. 2000/3253, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 6 (with transitional provisions in art. 6)

S. 9(3)(a) functions transferred to Scottish Ministers (15.12.2000) by S.I. 2000/3253, art. 3, Sch. 2 (with transitional provisions in art. 6)

[F5910 Duty to connect certain premises.E+W+S

(1)Subsection (2) below applies to any premises in an authorised area of a [F60gas transporter] which—

(a)are situated within 23 metres from a relevant main of the transporter; or

(b)could be connected to any such main by a pipe supplied and laid, or proposed to be supplied and laid, by the owner or occupier of the premises.

(2)Subject to the provisions of this Part and any regulations made under those provisions, a [F60gas transporter] shall, on being required to do so by the owner or occupier of any premises to which this subsection applies—

(a)in the case of premises falling within paragraph (a) of subsection (1) above, connect the premises to the relevant main, and supply and lay any pipe that may be necessary for that purpose; and

(b)in the case of premises falling within paragraph (b) of that subsection, connect the premises to the relevant main by the pipe there mentioned;

and in the following provisions of this section “connect”, in relation to any premises, means connect to a relevant main of a [F60gas transporter] and “connection” shall be construed accordingly.

(3)Subject to the provisions of this Part and any regulations made under those provisions, where any premises are connected (whether by virtue of subsection (2) above or otherwise), the [F60gas transporter] shall maintain the connection until such time as it is no longer required by the owner or occupier of the premises.

[F61(3A)A gas transporter may require any person who requires a connection under subsection (2)(b) to accept any terms—

(a)indemnifying the transporter in respect of any liability connected with the laying of the pipe;

(b)which it is reasonable in all the circumstances for that person to be required to accept.]

(4)Where any person requires a connection in pursuance of subsection (2) above, he shall serve on the [F60gas transporter] a notice specifying—

(a)the premises in respect of which the connection is required; and

(b)the day (not being earlier than a reasonable time after the service of the notice) upon which the connection is required to be made.

(5)Where any pipe is supplied and laid by a [F60gas transporter] in pursuance of subsection (2)(a) above, the cost of supplying and laying the pipe shall, if and to the extent that the transporter so requires and the conditions of his licence so allow, be defrayed by the person requiring the connection.

[F62(5A)Where in pursuance of subsection (2)(b) a gas transporter connects any premises to a relevant main by a pipe supplied and laid by the owner or occupier of the premises, the cost of making the connection shall, if and to the extent that the transporter so requires and the conditions of his licence so allow, be defrayed by the person supplying and laying the pipe.]

(6)Where at any time a [F60gas transporter] connects any premises under subsection (2)(b) above—

(a)the pipe supplied and laid by the owner or occupier of the premises; and

(b)any rights [F63or liabilities] of the owner or occupier which relate to the laying, maintenance, repair, alteration or removal of the pipe,

shall at that time vest in and become property [F64, rights or liabilities] of the transporter.

(7)The Director may, with the consent of the Secretary of State, make provision by regulations for entitling a [F60gas transporter] to require a person requiring a connection in pursuance of subsection (2) above to pay to the transporter an amount in respect of the expenses of the laying of the main used for the purpose of making that connection if—

(a)the connection is required within the prescribed period after the laying of the main;

(b)a person for the purpose of connecting whose premises the main was laid has made a payment to the transporter in respect of those expenses;

(c)the amount required does not exceed any amount paid in respect of those expenses by such a person or by any person previously required to make a payment under the regulations; and

(d)the transporter has not recovered those expenses in full.

(8)Nothing in subsection (2) or (3) above shall be taken as requiring a [F60gas transporter] to connect, or maintain the connection of, any premises if the supply of gas to those premises is likely to exceed 75,000 therms in any period of twelve months.

(9)Nothing in subsection (2) or (3) above shall be taken as requiring a [F60gas transporter] to connect, or to maintain the connection of, any premises if—

(a)he is prevented from doing so by circumstances not within his control;

(b)circumstances exist by reason of which his doing so would or might involve danger to the public, and he has taken all such steps as it was reasonable to take both to prevent the circumstances from occurring and to prevent them from having that effect; or

(c)in the case of premises falling within paragraph (b) of subsection (1) above, the pipe supplied and laid by the owner or occupier of the premises is not fit for the purpose.

(10)Where—

(a)any person requires a connection to be made or maintained in pursuance of subsection (2) or (3) above;

(b)the making or maintenance of the connection would involve a new or increased supply of gas to the premises in question;

(c)the [F60gas transporter] reasonably expects that, if the connection were made or maintained, gas would be supplied to the premises in question at a rate exceeding 2,500 therms a year; and

(d)the new or increased supply is such that the connection cannot be made or maintained without the laying of a new main, or the enlarging of an existing main, or the construction or enlarging of any other works required for the conveyance of gas,

the transporter may, if he thinks fit, refuse to make or maintain the connection unless that person enters into a written contract with the transporter to make such payments to him as he may reasonably require having regard to the expense to be incurred in laying or enlarging the main or constructing or enlarging the other works and the extent to which it is reasonable to expect that the transporter will recover that expense from elsewhere.

(11)If and to the extent that regulations made by the Director with the consent of the Secretary of State so provide, subsection (10) above shall have effect as if—

(a)the reference in paragraph (d) to the laying of a new main, the enlarging of an existing main or the construction or enlarging of any other works required for the conveyance of gas included a reference to a new main which had previously been laid, an existing main which had previously been enlarged or any other works required for the conveyance of gas which had previously been constructed or enlarged;

(b)the reference to the expense to be incurred in laying or enlarging the main or constructing or enlarging the other works included a reference to the expense which had been so incurred; and

(c)the reference to the extent to which it is reasonable to expect that the transporter will recover that expense from elsewhere included a reference to the extent to which the transporter had been able so to recover that expense.

(12)Subject to subsection (13) below, in this section “relevant main”, in relation to a [F60gas transporter], means any distribution main in [F65an authorised area of his] which is being used for the purpose of giving a supply of gas to any premises in that area at a rate not exceeding 75,000 therms a year.

(13)Any pipe which—

(a)vests in and becomes the property of a [F60gas transporter] by virtue of subsection (6) above; and

(b)apart from this subsection, would be a relevant main for the purposes of this section,

shall be such a main if, and only if, it has been declared to be such a main by the transporter.

(14)A [F60gas transporter] shall make a declaration under subsection (13) above in respect of each pipe falling within that subsection which is fit for the purpose of being a relevant main; and a declaration under that subsection shall not be capable of being revoked.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F60Words in s. 10(1)-(10)(12)-(13) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 2(1); S.I. 2001/3266, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F61S. 10(3A) inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 80(2); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F62S. 10(5A) inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 80(3); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F63Words in s. 10(6)(b) inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 80(4); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F64Words in s. 10(6) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 80(5); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F65Words in s. 10(12) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 80(6); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

[F6610A Restriction on use of certain pipe-lines for providing a supply.E+W+S

(1)Any pipe-line of a gas transporter—

(a)for the construction of which the execution of works has begun before the commencement of section 76 of the Utilities Act 2000 (abolition of geographical exclusivity of authorised areas of gas transporters); and

(b)which is situated in an area which, immediately before the commencement of that section, is the authorised area of a public gas transporter (the “other transporter”),

shall not be used for the purpose of giving a supply of gas to any premises in that area at a rate less than 2,196,000 kilowatt hours per year unless the other transporter consents in writing to such use.

(2)If the other transporter refuses or fails to give consent under subsection (1) consent may instead be given in writing by the Authority where it considers it appropriate to do so.

(3)Consent given under this section may not be withdrawn.

(4)In this section “pipe-line” has the same meaning as in the M4Pipe-lines Act 1962.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F66S. 10A inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 77(1); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

Marginal Citations

[F6711 Power to require security.E+W+S

(1)Where any person requires a connection in pursuance of paragraph (a) of section 10(2) above and a pipe falls to be supplied and laid by the [F68gas transporter] in pursuance of that paragraph—

(a)the transporter may require that person to give him reasonable security for the payment to him of all money which may become due to him in respect of the supply and laying of the pipe; and

(b)if that person fails to give such security or, where any security given by him has become invalid or insufficient, fails to provide alternative or additional security, the transporter may if he thinks fit refuse to supply and lay the pipe for so long as the failure continues.

(2)Where any amount is deposited with a [F68gas transporter] by way of security in pursuance of this section, the transporter shall pay interest on that amount, at such rate as may from time to time be fixed by the transporter with the approval of the Director, in respect of the period during which it remains in the hands of the transporter.

(3)In this section “connection” shall be construed in accordance with section 10(2) above.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F68Words in s. 11(1)(2) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 2(1); S.I. 2001/3266, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

[F69 Gas conveyed by Public Gas Transporters]E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F69S. 12 and preceding cross-heading substituted for s. 12 (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 10(1), Sch. 3 para. 6; S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

[F7012 Methods of calculating therms.E+W+S

(1)Except in prescribed cases, the number of therms or kilowatt hours conveyed by a [F71 gas transporter] to premises, or to pipe-line systems operated by other [F71gas transporters], shall be calculated in the prescribed manner—

(a)on the basis of calorific values of the gas determined by the transporter in accordance with regulations under this section, or so determined by another [F71gas transporter] and adopted by the transporter in accordance with such regulations; or

(b)if and to the extent that regulations under this section so provide and the transporter thinks fit, on the basis of declared calorific values of the gas;

and regulations under this section shall be made by the Director with the consent of the Secretary of State.

(2)In this Part—

  • calorific value”, in relation to any gas, means the number of megajoules (gross) which would be produced by—

    (a)

    the combustion of one cubic metre of the gas measured at a temperature of 15°C and a pressure of 1013.25 millibars; or

    (b)

    if regulations under this section so provide, the combustion of one kilogram of the gas,

    containing in either case, if the Director so determines, such an amount of water vapour as is specified in the determination;

  • declared calorific value”, in relation to any gas conveyed by a [F71gas transporter], means a calorific value declared by the transporter in accordance with regulations under this section, or so declared by another [F71gas transporter] and adopted by the transporter in accordance with such regulations.

(3)Regulations under this section may make provision as to the manner in which prescribed information with respect to the making of calculations in accordance with the regulations is to be made available to other licence holders and to the public.

(4)Regulations under this section made for the purposes of subsection (1)(a) above may make provision—

(a)for requiring determinations of calorific values of gas conveyed by [F71gas transporters] to be made on the basis of samples of gas taken at such places or premises, at such times and in such manner as the Director may direct;

(b)for requiring such determinations to be made at such places or premises, at such times and in such manner as the Director may direct;

(c)as to the manner in which the results of such determinations are to be made available to other licence holders and to the public;

(d)for requiring such premises, apparatus and equipment as the Director may direct to be provided and maintained by [F71gas transporters] for the purpose of making such determinations;

(e)for requiring [F71gas transporters] to carry out tests of apparatus and equipment so provided and maintained by them; and

(f)for requiring the results of such tests to be notified to the Director or to any person appointed under section 13(1) below, and to be made available to other licence holders and to the public.

(5)Regulations under this section made for the purposes of subsection (1)(b) above may make provision—

(a)for requiring declarations of calorific values of gas conveyed by [F71gas transporters] to be made at such times and in such manner as the Director may direct;

(b)as to the times when such declarations are to take effect, and as to the manner in which the calorific values declared are to be made available to other licence holders and to the public;

(c)for imposing requirements on [F71gas transporters] as to the correlation between—

(i)the calorific values of the gas conveyed by them for any period; and

(ii)the calorific values declared by them for that period;

(d)for requiring [F71gas transporters] to carry out tests of gas for the purpose of ascertaining whether they are complying with the requirements of regulations made by virtue of paragraph (c) above;

(e)for requiring such tests to be carried out at such places or premises, at such times and in such manner as the Director may direct; and

(f)for requiring the results of such tests to be notified to the Director or to any person appointed under section 13(1) below, and to be made available to other licence holders and to the public.

(6)Subject to subsection (7) below, the Director may by notice in writing require a [F71gas transporter] to give to the Director, or to any person appointed by him for the purpose, within such time and at such place as may be specified in the notice, such information as the Director may reasonably require for the purpose of making regulations under this section or section 13 below or of giving directions under such regulations.

(7)A [F71gas transporter] shall not be required under subsection (6) above to give any information which he could not be compelled to give in evidence in civil proceedings before the court; and in this subsection “the court” means—

(a)in relation to England and Wales, the High Court;

(b)in relation to Scotland, the Court of Session.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F70S. 12 and preceding cross-heading substituted for s. 12 (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 10(1), Sch. 3 para. 6; S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

F71Words in s. 12 substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 2(1); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

[F7213 Calorific values: tests of apparatus etc.E+W+S

(1)The Director shall appoint competent and impartial persons—

(a)to carry out tests of apparatus and equipment provided and maintained by [F73gas transporters] in pursuance of regulations made by virtue of subsection (4)(d) of section 12 above for the purpose of ascertaining whether they comply with the regulations;

(b)to carry out tests of gas conveyed by [F73gas transporters] where the number of therms or kilowatt hours falls to be calculated in accordance with subsection (1)(b) of that section for the purpose of ascertaining whether the transporters are complying with the requirements of regulations made by virtue of subsection (5)(c) of that section; and

(c)generally to assist the Director in exercising his functions under, or under regulations made under, this section or that section.

(2)Regulations under this section, which shall be made by the Director with the consent of the Secretary of State, may make provision—

(a)for requiring such tests as are mentioned in subsection (1)(b) above to be carried out at such places or premises as the Director may direct;

(b)for requiring such premises, apparatus and equipment as the Director may direct to be provided and maintained by [F73gas transporters] for the purpose of carrying out such tests;

(c)for requiring samples of gas to be taken by [F73gas transporters] at such places or premises, at such times and in such manner as the Director may direct; and

(d)for requiring samples of gas so taken to be provided by [F73gas transporters], for the purpose of carrying out such tests, at such places or premises, at such times and in such manner as the Director may direct.

(3)Regulations under this section may make provision—

(a)for persons representing the public gas transporter concerned to be present during the carrying out of such tests as are mentioned in subsection (1) above;

(b)as to the manner in which the results of such tests are to be made available to other licence holders and to the public; and

(c)for conferring powers of entry on property owned or occupied by [F73gas transporters] for the purpose of carrying out such tests and otherwise for the purposes of this section or section 12 above.

(4)There shall be paid out of money provided by Parliament to persons appointed under subsection (1) above who are members of the Director’s staff such remuneration and such allowances as may be determined by the Director with the approval of the Treasury, and such pensions as may be so determined may be paid out of money provided by Parliament to or in respect of such persons.

(5)Every person who is a [F73gas transporter] during any period shall pay to the Director such proportion (if any) as the Director may determine of—

(a)any sums paid by him under subsection (4) above in respect of that period; and

(b)such part of his other expenses for that period as he may with the consent of the Treasury determine to be attributable to his functions under section 12 above or this section;

and any liability under this subsection to pay to the Director sums on account of pensions (whether paid by him under subsection (4) above or otherwise) shall, if the Director so determines, be satisfied by way of contributions calculated, at such rate as may be determined by the Treasury, by reference to remuneration.

(6)Any sums received by the Director under this section shall be paid into the Consolidated Fund.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F73Words in s. 13 substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 2(1); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F7414. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F7514A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F7615. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

Prospective

[F7715A Billing disputes.E+W+S

(1)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision for billing disputes to be referred to the Director for determination in accordance with the regulations.

(2)In this section “billing dispute” means a dispute between a [F78gas supplier and a [F79 customer]] of his concerning the amount of the charge which the supplier is entitled to recover from the customer in connection with the provision of gas supply services.

(3)Regulations under this section may only be made after consulting—

(a)the Director; and

(b)persons or bodies appearing to the Secretary of State to be representative of persons likely to be affected by the regulations.

(4)Regulations under this section may provide that, where a billing dispute is referred to the Director, he may either—

(a)determine the dispute, or

(b)appoint an arbitrator (or in Scotland an arbiter) to determine it.

(5)Any person determining any billing dispute in accordance with regulations under this section shall, in such manner as may be specified in the regulations, give his reasons for reaching his decision with respect to the dispute.

(6)Regulations under this section may provide—

(a)that disputes may be referred to the Director under this section only by prescribed persons; and

(b)for any determination to be final and enforceable—

(i)in England and Wales, as if it were a judgment of a county court; and

(ii)in Scotland, as if it were an extract registered decree arbitral bearing a warrant for execution issued by the sheriff.

(7)Except in such circumstances (if any) as may be prescribed—

(a)the Director or an arbitrator (or in Scotland an arbiter) appointed by him shall not determine any billing dispute which is the subject of proceedings before, or with respect to which judgment has been given by, any court; and

(b)neither party to any billing dispute which has been referred to the Director for determination in accordance with regulations under this section shall commence proceedings before any court in respect of that dispute pending its determination in accordance with the regulations.

(8)No [F80gas supplier] may commence proceedings before any court in respect of any charge in connection with the provision by him of gas supply services unless, not less than 28 days before doing so, the [F79customer] concerned was informed by him, in such form and manner as may be prescribed, of—

(a)his intention to commence proceedings;

(b)the customer’s rights by virtue of this section; and

(c)such other matters (if any) as may be prescribed.

(9)The powers of the Director under section 38 below shall also be exercisable for any purpose connected with the determination of any dispute referred to him in accordance with regulations made under this section.]

(10). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F77S. 15A inserted (prosp.) by 1992 c. 43, ss. 17, 56(2)

F79Words in s. 15A substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6, Pt. I para. 7(a); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

[F8116 Standards of gas quality.E+W+S

(1)The Authority may, with the consent of the Secretary of State, prescribe—

(a)standards of pressure and purity to be complied with by gas transporters in conveying gas to premises or to pipe-line systems operated by other gas transporters; and

(b)other standards with respect to the properties, condition and composition of gas so conveyed.

(2)Before making any regulations under this section the Authority shall consult such persons and organisations as it considers appropriate and such gas transporters as appear to it to be affected by the regulations.

(3)The Authority shall appoint competent and impartial persons for the purpose of—

(a)carrying out tests of gas, apparatus or equipment in accordance with regulations under this section; and

(b)assisting the Authority in exercising functions under this section and regulations made under it.

(4)Regulations under this section may make provision—

(a)for requiring tests of gas conveyed by gas transporters to be carried out by persons appointed under subsection (3) or by gas transporters for the purpose of ascertaining whether the gas conforms with the standards prescribed by the regulations;

(b)for requiring such tests to be carried out on the basis of samples taken by persons appointed under subsection (3) or by gas transporters; and

(c)for requiring samples of gas taken under paragraph (b) to be provided by gas transporters for the purpose of carrying out such tests.

(5)Regulations under this section may make provision—

(a)for requiring such premises, apparatus and equipment as the Authority may direct to be provided and maintained by gas transporters for the purpose of carrying out tests required under subsection (4)(a);

(b)for requiring tests of apparatus and equipment so provided to be carried out by persons appointed under subsection (3); and

(c)for requiring gas transporters to carry out tests of apparatus and equipment so provided and maintained by them.

(6)Regulations under this section may make provision—

(a)as to the places or premises and the times at which, and the manner in which—

(i)tests under this section are to be carried out;

(ii)samples of gas are to be taken and provided under this section; and

(iii)results of tests under this section are to be notified or made available;

(b)for the Authority to require by direction any matter which may be required by regulations by virtue of paragraph (a);

(c)for persons representing the gas transporter concerned to be present during the carrying out of any tests carried out by persons appointed under subsection (3);

(d)for the results of tests under this section to be made available to other licence holders and to the public;

(e)for requiring gas transporters to notify the results of such tests carried out by them to the Authority or to any person appointed under subsection (3);

(f)for conferring powers of entry on property owned or occupied by gas transporters for the purpose of carrying out tests under this section and otherwise for the purposes of the regulations.

(7)Subject to subsection (8), the Authority may by notice in writing require a gas transporter to give to the Authority, or to any person appointed by it for the purpose, within such time and at such place as may be specified in the notice, such information as the Authority may reasonably require for the purpose of making regulations under this section or of giving directions under such regulations.

(8)A gas transporter shall not be required under subsection (7) to give any information which he could not be compelled to give in evidence in civil proceedings before the High Court or, in Scotland, the Court of Session.

(9)Every person who is a gas transporter during any period shall pay to the Authority such proportion as the Authority may determine of such part of its expenses for that period as the Authority may determine to be attributable to its functions in connection with the testing of gas for the purposes of this section.

(10)It shall be the duty of every gas transporter to conduct his business in such a way as can reasonably be expected to secure compliance with the standards set under subsection (1).]

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Amendments (Textual)

F81S. 16 inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 101; S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F8215B. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

[F83 Gas conveyed by public gas transporters and others]E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F83S. 16 and cross-heading preceding it substituted (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 10(1), Sch. 3 para. 12; S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

F8416. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F84S. 16 repealed (1.4.1996) by S.I. 1996/551, reg. 12(1)

[F8517 Meter testing and stamping.E+W+S

(1)No meter shall be used for the purpose of ascertaining the quantity of gas supplied through pipes to any person unless it is stamped either by, or on the authority of, a meter examiner appointed under this section or in such other manner as may be authorised by regulations under this section.

(2)Subject to subsections (3) to (5) below, it shall be the duty of a meter examiner who is a member of the Director’s staff, on being required to do so by any person and on payment of the requisite fee—

(a)to examine any meter used or intended to be used for ascertaining the quantity of gas supplied to any person; and

(b)to stamp, or authorise the stamping of, that meter.

(3)A meter examiner shall not stamp, or authorise the stamping of, any meter unless he is satisfied that it is of such pattern and construction and is marked in such manner as is approved by the Director and that the meter conforms with such standards as may be prescribed for the purposes of this subsection.

(4)A meter examiner may stamp or authorise another person to stamp a meter, notwithstanding that he has not himself examined it, if—

(a)the meter was manufactured or repaired by the person submitting it to the examiner;

(b)that person has obtained the consent of the Director to his submission; and

(c)any conditions subject to which the consent was given have been satisfied.

(5)A meter examiner may authorise another person to stamp a meter, notwithstanding that he has not himself examined it, if—

(a)the meter was manufactured or repaired by that person;

(b)that person has obtained the consent of the Director to his stamping of the meter; and

(c)any conditions subject to which the consent was given have been satisfied.

(6)The Director shall appoint competent and impartial persons as meter examiners for the purposes of this section.

(7)There shall be paid out of money provided by Parliament to meter examiners who are members of the Director’s staff such remuneration and such allowances as may be determined by the Director with the approval of the Treasury, and such pensions as may be so determined may be paid out of money provided by Parliament to or in respect of such examiners.

(8)All fees payable to meter examiners who are members of the Director’s staff for the performance of functions conferred by or under this section shall be paid to the Director; and any sums received by him under this subsection shall be paid into the Consolidated Fund.

(9)Regulations under this section, which shall be made by the Director with the consent of the Secretary of State, may make provision—

(a)for re-examining meters already stamped, and for the cancellation of stamps in the case of meters which no longer conform with the prescribed standards and in such other circumstances as may be prescribed;

(b)for requiring meters to be periodically overhauled; and

(c)for the revocation of any approval given by the Director to any particular pattern or construction of meter, and for requiring existing meters of that pattern or construction to be replaced within such period as may be prescribed for the purposes of this subsection.

(10)The fees to be paid to meter examiners who are members of the Director’s staff for the performance of functions conferred by or under this section, and the persons by whom they are to be paid, shall be such as the Director may, with the approval of the Treasury, from time to time determine; and a determination under this subsection may—

(a)make different provision for different areas or in relation to different cases or different circumstances; and

(b)make such supplementary, incidental or transitional provision as the Director considers necessary or expedient.

(11)If any person supplies gas through a meter which has not been stamped under this section, he shall be guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(12)Where the commission by any person of an offence under subsection (11) above is due to the act or default of some other person, that other person shall be guilty of the offence; and a person may be charged with and convicted of the offence by virtue of this subsection whether or not proceedings are taken against the first-mentioned person.

(13)In any proceedings for an offence under subsection (11) above it shall be a defence for the person charged to prove that he took all reasonable steps and exercised all due diligence to avoid committing the offence.

(14)The preceding provisions of this section shall not have effect in relation to the supply of gas to a person under any agreement providing for the quantity of gas supplied to him to be ascertained by a meter designed for rates of flow which, if measured at a temperature of 15°C and a pressure of 1013.25 millibars, would exceed 1600 cubic metres an hour.

(15)Regulations under this section may provide that subsection (14) above shall have effect as if for the number of cubic metres an hour which is for the time being applicable for the purposes of that subsection there were substituted such lower number of cubic metres an hour as the Director considers appropriate.]

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Amendments (Textual)

18 Safety regulations.E+W+S

F86(1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(2)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision for empowering any officer authorised by the relevant authority—

(a)to enter any premises in which there is a service pipe connected with a gas main, for the purpose of inspecting any gas fitting on the premises, any flue or means of ventilation used in connection with any such gas fitting, or [F87any part of the gas system on the premises, that is to say,]any service pipe or other apparatus (not being a gas fitting) which is on the premises and is used for the [F87conveyance or]supply of gas or is connected with a gas main;

(b)where he so enters any such premises, to examine or apply any test to any such object as is mentioned in paragraph (a) above and (where the object is a gas fitting) to verify what supply of air is available for it; and

(c)where in his opinion it is necessary to do so for the purpose of averting danger to life or property, and notwithstanding any contract previously existing, to disconnect and seal off any gas fitting or any part of the [F88gas system on the premises, or disconnect the premises or, if the premises are not connected, to signify the refusal of the relevant authority to convey gas or, as the case may be, allow gas to be conveyed to the premises].

(3)Where any regulations under subsection (2) above confer any power in accordance with paragraph (c) of that subsection, the regulations shall also include provision—

(a)for securing that, where any such power is exercised, the consumer will be notified as to the nature of the defect or other circumstances in consequence of which it has been exercised;

(b)for enabling any consumer so notified to appeal to the Secretary of State on the grounds that the defect or other circumstances in question did not constitute a danger such as to justify the action taken in the exercise of the power, or did not exist or have ceased to exist; and

(c)for enabling the Secretary of State to give such directions as may in accordance with the regulations be determined by him to be appropriate in consequence of any such appeal.

(4)Regulations made under subsection (2) above may make provision for prohibiting any person, except with the consent of the relevant authority or in pursuance of any directions given by the Secretary of State as mentioned in subsection (3)(c) above, from—

(a)reconnecting any gas fitting or [F89any part of any gas system] which has been disconnected by or on behalf of the relevant authority in exercise of a power conferred by the regulations; or

(b)[F90reconnecting any premises which have been disconnected] by or on behalf of the relevant authority in the exercise of any such power; or

(c)causing gas from a gas main to be [F91conveyed] to any premises where in pursuance of the regulations the refusal of the relevant authority to [F92convey gas or, as the case may be, allow gas to be conveyed] to those premises has been signified and that refusal has not been withdrawn.

(5)Where in pursuance of any powers conferred by regulations made under subsection (2) above, entry is made on any premises by an officer authorised by the relevant authority—

(a)the officer shall ensure that the premises are left no less secure by reason of the entry; and

(b)the relevant authority shall make good, or pay compensation for, any damage caused by the officer, or by any person accompanying him in entering the premises, in taking any action therein authorised by the regulations, or in making the premises secure.

(6)Any officer exercising powers of entry conferred by regulations made under subsection (2) above may be accompanied by such persons as may be necessary or expedient for the purpose for which entry is made, or for the purposes of subsection (5) above.

(7)If any person intentionally obstructs any officer exercising powers of entry conferred by regulations made under subsection (2) above, he shall be guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(8)The M5Rights of Entry (Gas and Electricity Boards) Act 1954 (entry under a justice’s warrant) shall apply in relation to any powers of entry conferred by regulations made under subsection (2) above as if [F93any reference to a gas operator were a reference to the relevant authority].

[F94(9)In this section “the relevant authority”—

(a)in relation to dangers arising from the conveyance of gas by a [F95gas transporter], or from the use of gas conveyed by such a transporter, means that transporter; and

(b)in relation to dangers arising from the conveyance of gas by a person other than a [F95gas transporter], or from the use of gas conveyed by such a person, means the Secretary of State.

(10)Where the relevant authority is a [F95gas transporter], any reference in this section to any officer authorised by the authority includes a reference to any officer authorised by another such transporter with whom the authority has made arrangements for officers authorised by the other transporter to discharge any functions of the authority under this section.

(11)Except in cases of emergency, no officer shall be authorised by a [F95gas transporter] to exercise any powers of entry conferred by regulations under this section unless the transporter has taken all reasonable steps to ensure that he is a fit and proper person to exercise those powers.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F93Words in s. 18(8) substituted for s. 18(8)(a)(b) (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 10(1), Sch. 3 para. 14(3); S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

F94S. 18(9)-(11) substituted for s. 18(9) (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 10(1), Sch. 3 para. 14(4); S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

F95Words in s. 18 substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 2(1); S.I. 2001/3266, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

Marginal Citations

[F9618A Gas escape regulations.E+W+S

(1)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision—

(a)for empowering any officer authorised by a [F97gas transporter], if the transporter has reasonable cause to suspect—

(i)that gas conveyed by the transporter is escaping, or may escape, in any premises; or

(ii)that gas so conveyed which has escaped has entered, or may enter, any premises,

to enter the premises, to carry out any work necessary to prevent the escape of gas and to take any other steps necessary to avert danger to life or property; and

(b)for empowering any officer so authorised, if the transporter has reasonable cause to suspect—

(i)that gas conveyed through pipes by some other person is escaping, or may escape, in any premises; or

(ii)that gas so conveyed which has escaped has entered, or may enter, any premises,

to enter the premises and take any steps necessary to avert danger to life or property.

(2)Subsections (5) to (7) and (11) of section 18 above shall apply for the purposes of this section as if—

(a)any reference to subsection (2) of that section were a reference to subsection (1) above;

(b)any reference to the relevant authority were a reference to a [F97gas transporter];

(c)any reference to subsection (5) of that section were a reference to that subsection as applied by this subsection; and

(d)the reference in subsection (11) of that section to regulations under that section were a reference to regulations under this section.

(3)The M6Rights of Entry (Gas and Electricity Boards) Act 1954 (entry under a justice’s warrant) shall apply in relation to any powers of entry conferred by regulations made under subsection (1) above.

(4)Any reference in this section to any officer authorised by a [F97gas transporter] includes a reference to any officer authorised by another such transporter with whom the transporter has made arrangements for officers authorised by the other transporter to discharge any functions under this section of officers authorised by the transporter.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F97Words in s. 18A substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 2(1); S.I. 2001/3266, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

Marginal Citations

[F98 Use by other persons of public gas transporter’s pipe-line systems]E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F98S. 19 and preceding cross-heading substituted (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 10(1), Sch. 3 para. 16; S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

[F9919 Acquisition of rights to use pipe-line systems.E+W+S

(1)In the case of a pipe-line system operated by a [F100gas transporter], any person may, after giving the transporter not less than 28 days’ notice, apply to the Director for directions under this section which would secure to the applicant a right of a description specified in the application to have conveyed by the system gas which—

(a)is of a kind so specified; and

(b)is of, or of a kind similar to, the kind which the system is designed to convey.

(2)Where an application is made under subsection (1) above, it shall be the duty of the Director—

(a)to decide whether the application is to be adjourned (so as to enable negotiations or further negotiations to take place), considered further or rejected;

(b)to give notice of his decision to the applicant;

(c)in the case of a decision that the application is to be considered further, to give to the transporter, to the Health and Safety Executive and to any person who has a right to have gas conveyed by the pipe-line system, notice that the application is to be so considered and an opportunity of being heard about the matter.

(3)Where, after further considering an application under subsection (1) above, the Director is satisfied that the giving of directions under this section would not prejudice the efficient operation of the pipe-line system, or the conveyance by the system of—

(a)the quantities of gas which the [F100gas transporter] requires or may reasonably be expected to require to be conveyed by the system to enable the transporter to comply with the conditions of his licence and to perform his contractual obligations;

(b)the quantities of gas which any person who has a right to have gas conveyed by the system is entitled to require to be so conveyed in the exercise of that right,

the Director may give such directions to the transporter.

(4)Directions under this section may—

(a)specify the terms on which the Director considers the [F100gas transporter] should enter into an agreement with the applicant for all or any of the following purposes—

(i)for securing to the applicant the right to have conveyed by the pipe-line system, for the period specified in the directions and in the quantities so specified or determined by or under the directions, gas which is of a kind so specified;

(ii)for securing that the exercise of that right is not prevented or impeded;

(iii)for regulating the charges which may be made for the conveyance of gas by virtue of that right;

(iv)for securing to the applicant such ancillary or incidental rights as the Director considers necessary or expedient, which may include the right to have a pipe-line of his connected to the pipe-line system by the transporter;

(b)specify the sums or the method of determining the sums which the Director considers should be paid by way of consideration for any such right; and

(c)require the transporter, if the applicant pays or agrees to pay those sums within a period specified in that behalf in the directions, to enter into an agreement with him on the terms so specified.

(5)In giving any directions under this section, the Director shall apply the principle that the [F100gas transporter] should be entitled to receive by way of charges for the conveyance of gas by virtue of the right—

(a)the appropriate proportion of the costs incurred by the transporter in administering, maintaining and operating his pipe-line system; and

(b)a return equal to the appropriate proportion of the return received by the transporter (otherwise than by virtue of the right) on the capital value of the system (including so much of that return as is set aside to meet the need from time to time to renew the system).

(6)In subsection (5) above “the appropriate proportion” means such proportion as properly—

(a)reflects the use made of the [F100gas transporter’s] pipe-line system by virtue of the right as compared with the use made of that system for other purposes; and

(b)takes into account the sums paid by way of consideration for the right and any sums paid in respect of the pipe-line system (whether by the applicant or by any other person) in pursuance of directions under section 21(1) below.

(7)Any reference in this section to a right to have gas of any kind conveyed by a pipe-line system includes a reference to a right to introduce into, or take out of, such a system gas of that kind.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F99S. 19 and preceding cross-heading substituted (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 10(1), Sch. 3 para. 16; S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

F100Words in s. 19 substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 2(1)(2); S.I. 2001/3266, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C22S. 19 applied (with modifications) (1.3.1996) by S.I. 1996/399, art. 4(2)

C23S. 19(2)(c) applied (with modifications) (1.3.1996) by S.I. 1996/399, art. 4(4)(c)

[F10119A Application of section 19B to storage facilities.E+W+S

(1)Section 19B applies to storage facilities other than exempt storage facilities.

(2)An owner of a storage facility may apply in writing to the Director for an exemption for the facility or for facilities of a particular description.

(3)An exemption shall be given in writing and may be given—

(a)so as to have effect for an indefinite period or for a period specified in, or determined under, the exemption;

(b)unconditionally or subject to such conditions as the Director considers appropriate.

(4)An exemption may be revoked in accordance with its provisions and, in any event, may be revoked by giving a notice of revocation to the owner of the facility or facilities concerned not less than four months before the coming into force of the revocation.

(5)The Director shall give an exemption with respect to a facility or description of facility where he is satisfied that either—

(a)the requirements of section 19B(1), (3) and (7) and section 19E(3) are already met with respect to the facility or facilities concerned by existing market arrangements which promote competition; or

(b)use of the facility or facilities concerned by other persons is not necessary for the operation of an economically efficient gas market.]

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Amendments (Textual)

[19BF102 Acquisition of rights to use storage facilities.E+W+S

(1)The owner of a storage facility to which this section applies (a “relevant facility”)—

(a)shall publish at least once in every year the main commercial conditions relating to the grant to another person of a right to have gas stored in the facility on that person’s behalf; and

(b)shall publish any changes to the published conditions as soon as they become effective.

(2)In subsection (1) “year” means any year ending with 9th August.

(3)The owner of a relevant facility shall ensure that the conditions which he is required to publish under subsection (1) do not discriminate against any applicants or descriptions of applicants, or any potential applicants or descriptions of potential applicants, for a right to have gas stored in the facility.

(4)Any person who seeks a right to have gas stored on his behalf in a relevant facility (“the applicant”) shall, before making an application to the Director under subsection (8), apply to the owner of the facility for the right.

(5)An application under subsection (4) shall be made by giving notice to the owner specifying what is being sought.

(6)Such a notice shall, in particular, specify—

(a)the period during which the gas is to be stored in the facility;

(b)the kind of gas to be stored (which must be of, or similar to, the kind which the facility is designed to store); and

(c)the quantities of gas to be stored.

(7)Where an applicant gives notice under subsection (5), he and the owner of the facility shall negotiate in good faith and endeavour to reach agreement on the application.

(8)If the owner and the applicant do not reach any such agreement, the applicant may apply to the Director for directions under subsection (11) which would secure to the applicant the right specified in the notice under subsection (5).

(9)The Director shall not entertain an application under subsection (8) unless he is satisfied that the parties have had a reasonable time in which to fulfil their duties under subsection (7).

(10)Where a person applies to the Director under subsection (8) and the Director is satisfied as mentioned in subsection (9), the Director shall—

(a)decide whether the application is to be adjourned (so as to enable further negotiations to take place), considered further or rejected;

(b)give notice of his decision to the applicant; and

(c)in the case of a decision that the application is to be considered further, give to the owner of the facility, the Health and Safety Executive and any person who has a right to have gas stored in the facility notice that the application is to be so considered and an opportunity of being heard on the matter.

(11)Where, after considering an application under subsection (8), the Director is satisfied that the giving of directions under this subsection would not prejudice the efficient operation of the facility, or the storage in the facility of—

(a)the quantities of gas which the owner of the facility requires or may reasonably be expected to require to be stored in the facility; and

(b)the quantities of gas which any person who has a right to have gas stored in the facility is entitled to require to be so stored in the exercise of that right;

the Director may give such directions to the owner of the facility.

(12)Directions under subsection (11) may—

(a)specify the terms on which the Director considers the owner of the facility should enter into an agreement with the applicant for all or any of the following purposes—

(i)for securing to the applicant the right to have stored in the facility, for the period specified in the directions and in the quantities so specified or determined by or under the directions, gas which is of a kind so specified;

(ii)for securing that the exercise of that right is not prevented or impeded;

(iii)for regulating the charges which may be made for the storage of gas by virtue of that right;

(iv)for securing to the applicant such ancillary or incidental rights as the Director considers necessary or expedient (which may include, in particular, a right to have a pipeline of his connected to the facility by the owner);

(b)specify the sums or the method of determining the sums which the Director considers should be paid by way of consideration for any such right; and

(c)require the owner, if the applicant pays or agrees to pay those sums within a period specified in that behalf in the directions, to enter into an agreement with him on the terms so specified.]

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Amendments (Textual)

[19CF103 Application of section 19D to LNG facilities.E+W+S

(1)Section 19D applies to LNG facilities other than exempt LNG facilities.

(2)An owner of an LNG facility may apply in writing to the Director for an exemption for the facility or for facilities of a particular description.

(3)An exemption shall be given in writing and may be given—

(a)so as to have effect for an indefinite period or for a period specified in, or determined under, the exemption;

(b)unconditionally or subject to such conditions as the Director considers appropriate.

(4)An exemption may be revoked in accordance with its provisions and, in any event, may be revoked by giving a notice of revocation to the owner of the facility or facilities concerned not less than four months before the coming into force of the revocation.

(5)The Director shall give an exemption with respect to a facility or description of facility where he is satisfied that the requirements of section 19D(1), (3) and (7) and section 19E(3) are already met with respect to the facility or facilities concerned by existing market arrangements which promote competition.]

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Amendments (Textual)

[19DF104 Acquisition of rights to use LNG facilities.E+W+S

(1)The owner of an LNG facility to which this section applies (a “relevant facility”)—

(a)shall publish at least once in every year the main commercial conditions relating to the grant to another person of a right to have LNG treated in the facility on that person’s behalf; and

(b)shall publish any changes to the published conditions as soon as they become effective.

(2)In subsection (1) “year” means any year ending with 9th August.

(3)The owner of a relevant facility shall ensure that the conditions which he is required to publish under subsection (1) do not discriminate against any applicants or descriptions of applicants, or any potential applicants or descriptions of potential applicants, for a right to have LNG treated in the facility.

(4)Any person who seeks a right to have LNG treated on his behalf in a relevant facility (“the applicant”) shall, before making an application to the Director under subsection (8), apply to the owner of the facility for the right.

(5)An application under subsection (4) shall be made by giving notice to the owner specifying what is being sought.

(6)Such a notice shall, in particular, specify—

(a)the period during which LNG is to be treated in the facility;

(b)the kind of LNG to be treated (which must be of, or similar to, the kind which the facility is designed to treat); and

(c)the quantities of LNG to be treated.

(7)Where an applicant gives notice under subsection (5), he and the owner of the facility shall negotiate in good faith and endeavour to reach agreement on the application.

(8)If the owner and the applicant do not reach any such agreement, the applicant may apply to the Director for directions under subsection (11) which would secure to the applicant the right specified in the notice under subsection (5).

(9)The Director shall not entertain an application under subsection (8) unless he is satisfied that the parties have had a reasonable time in which to fulfil their duties under subsection (7).

(10)Where a person applies to the Director under subsection (8) and the Director is satisfied as mentioned in subsection (9), the Director shall—

(a)decide whether the application is to be adjourned (so as to enable further negotiations to take place), considered further or rejected;

(b)give notice of his decision to the applicant; and

(c)in the case of a decision that the application is to be considered further, give to the owner of the facility, the Health and Safety Executive and any person who has a right to have LNG treated in the facility notice that the application is to be so considered and an opportunity of being heard about the matter.

(11)Where, after considering an application under subsection (8), the Director is satisfied that the giving of directions under this subsection would not prejudice the efficient operation of the facility, or the treatment in the facility of—

(a)the quantities of LNG which the owner of the facility requires or may reasonably be expected to require to be treated in the facility; and

(b)the quantities of LNG which any person who has a right to have LNG treated in the facility is entitled to require to be so treated in the exercise of that right;

the Director may give such directions to the owner of the facility.

(12)Directions under subsection (11) may—

(a)specify the terms on which the Director considers the owner of the facility should enter into an agreement with the applicant for all or any of the following purposes—

(i)for securing to the applicant the right to have treated in the facility, for the period specified in the directions and in the quantities so specified or determined by or under the directions, LNG which is of a kind so specified;

(ii)for securing that the exercise of that right is not prevented or impeded;

(iii)for regulating the charges which may be made for the treatment of LNG by virtue of that right;

(iv)for securing to the applicant such ancillary or incidental rights as the Director considers necessary or expedient (which may include, in particular, a right to have a pipeline of his connected to the facility by the owner);

(b)specify the sums or the method of determining the sums which the Director considers should be paid by way of consideration for any such right; and

(c)require the owner, if the applicant pays or agrees to pay those sums within a period specified in that behalf in the directions, to enter into an agreement with him on the terms so specified.]

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Amendments (Textual)

[F10519E Sections 19A to 19D: supplemental.E+W+S

(1)In sections 19A to 19D and this section—

  • “accounting information” means such accounting records as would be required by section 221 of the Companies Act 1985 in respect of each of the storage or (as the case may be) treatment activities undertaken by the owner of the facility if those activities were the only business undertaken by the owner and the owner were a person to whom that section applied;

  • “LNG” means liquid gas, and gas which has been, or is to be, treated in an LNG facility;

  • “LNG facility” means a facility for any or all of the following: the liquefaction of gas, the storage of LNG in its liquid form and the re-gasification of liquid gas;

  • “main commercial conditions” means—

    (a)

    such information as would enable a potential applicant for a right to have gas stored or (as the case may be) treated in a relevant facility to make a reasonable assessment of the cost of, or the method of calculating the cost of, acquiring that right;

    (b)

    the other significant terms on which such a right would be granted; and

    (c)

    such additional information as the Director may from time to time specify by notice;

  • “owner” in relation to a storage facility or an LNG facility includes any person occupying or having control of the facility;

  • “significant transaction” means—

    (a)

    any transaction which relates to rights to have gas stored in a gas storage facility, or (as the case may be) treated in an LNG facility; and

    (b)

    any other transaction which is of a description specified from time to time by the Director by notice;

  • “storage facility” means a facility in Great Britain (excluding the territorial sea adjacent to the United Kingdom) for the storage of gas in cavities in strata or in porous strata, provided that the facility is used for the storage of gas which has previously been conveyed in a pipeline system operated by a public gas transporter; and

  • “treatment” in relation to LNG in an LNG facility, includes liquefaction, storage in liquid form and regasification of the LNG, and “treat” shall be construed accordingly.

(2)For the purpose of considering an application under section 19B(8) or 19D(8), the Director may by notice require the owner of the relevant facility to provide him with accounting information and details of the main commercial terms of any significant transactions with associated undertakings.

(3)Owners of relevant facilities shall keep their internal accounts in such manner as will enable them to provide accounting information if required to do so by a notice under subsection (2).

(4)For the purposes of sections 19B and 19D, an undertaking is an associated undertaking of another undertaking if one of the undertakings has control of the other, or both undertakings are under the control of the same person or persons; and subsections (2) to (5) of section 416 of the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 shall apply with any necessary modifications for the purposes of this subsection as they apply for the purposes of Part XI of that Act.

(5)Any reference in section 19B to a right to have gas or gas of any kind stored in a storage facility includes a reference to a right to introduce into, or take out of, such a facility gas or gas of that kind.

(6)Any reference in section 19D to a right to have LNG or LNG of any kind treated in an LNG facility includes a reference to a right to introduce into, or take out of, such a facility LNG or LNG of that kind.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F10620. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

21 Increase of capacity etc. of pipelines.E+W+S

[F107(1)If in the case of a pipe-line system operated by a [F108gas transporter] it appears to the Director, on the application of a person other than the transporter, that the system can and should be modified—

(a)by installing in it a junction through which another pipe-line may be connected to the system; or

(b)by modifying apparatus and works associated with a high pressure pipe-line so as to increase the capacity of the pipe-line,

then, subject to subsection (3) below, the Director may, after giving to the transporter an opportunity of being heard about the matter and giving to the Health and Safety Executive notice of his proposed directions, give directions to the transporter in accordance with subsection (2) below in consequence of the application.]

(2)Directions under subsection (1) above may—

(a)specify the modifications which the Director considers should be made in consequence of the application;

(b)specify the sums or the method of determining the sums which the Director considers should be paid to the [F108gas transporter] by the applicant [F109by way of consideration for] the modifications;

(c)specify the arrangements which the Director considers should be made by the applicant, within a period specified in that behalf in the directions, for the purpose of securing that those sums will be paid to [F110the transporter] if he carries out the modifications;

(d)require [F110the transporter], if the applicant makes those arrangements within the period aforesaid, to carry out the modifications within a period specified in that behalf in the directions.

(3)Where the Director proposes to give directions under subsection (1) above, it shall be his duty before doing so to give to the applicant—

(a)particulars of the modifications which he proposes to specify in the directions; and

(b)an opportunity of making an application under subsection (1) of section 19 above in respect of the [F111pipe-line system];

and that section shall have effect in relation to such an application made by virtue of this subsection as if for references to a [F111pipe-line system] there were substituted references to the [F111pipe-line system] as it would be with those modifications and the reference in subsection (2) to the Director deciding whether the application is to be adjourned were omitted.

[F112(3A)In giving any directions under this section, the Director shall apply the principle that, in so far as the following, namely—

(a)the cost of carrying out the modifications; and

(b)a reasonable element of profit,

will not be recoverable by the [F108gas transporter] from elsewhere, the transporter should be entitled to receive them by way of consideration for carrying out the modifications.]

(4)References in this section to modifications include, in the case of modifications to any apparatus and works, references to changes in, substitutions for and additions to the apparatus and works; and the reference in subsection (1) above to apparatus and works associated with a pipe-line shall be construed in accordance with section 65(2) of the M7Pipe-lines Act 1962.

[F113(5)In this section—

  • high pressure pipe-line” means any pipe-line which has a design operating pressure exceeding 7 bar gauge;

  • pipe-line” has the same meaning as in the M8Pipe-lines Act 1962.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F108Words in s. 21 substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 2(1); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

Marginal Citations

22 Effect of directions.E+W+S

(1)The obligation to comply with any directions under section [F114section 19, 19B(11), 19D(11) or 21(1)] above (in this section referred to as “relevant directions”) [F115and the obligation to comply with any duty in section 19B(7) and 19D(7) (in this section referred to as “relevant duties”) are duties] owed to any person who may be affected by a contravention of them.

(2)Where a duty is owed by virtue of subsection (1) above to any person any breach of the duty which causes that person to sustain loss or damage shall be actionable at the suit or instance of that person.

(3)In any proceedings brought against any person in pursuance of subsection (2) above, it shall be a defence for him to prove that he took all reasonable steps and exercised all due diligence to avoid contravening the relevant directions [F116or relevant duties].

(4)Without prejudice to any right which any person may have by virtue of subsection (2) above to bring civil proceedings in respect of any contravention or apprehended contravention of any relevant directions, compliance with any such directions shall be enforceable by civil proceedings by the Director for an injunction or interdict or for any other appropriate relief.

[F117(5)Compliance with the duties in sections 19B(1) and (3), 19D(1) and (3) and section 19E(3) shall be enforceable by civil proceedings by the Director for an injunction or interdict or for any other appropriate relief.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F114Words in s. 22(1) substituted (10.8.2000) by S.I. 2000/1937, reg. 2(2), Sch. 2 para. 2(a)

F115Words in s. 22(1) substituted (10.8.2000) by S.I. 2000/1937, reg. 2(2), Sch. 2 para. 2(b)

F116Words in s. 22(3) inserted (10.8.2000) by S.I. 2000/1937, reg. 2(2), Sch. 2 para. 2(c)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C24S. 22 applied (with modifications) (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 12(5); S.I. 1996/218, art. 3

S. 22 applied (10.8.2000) by 1995 c. 45, s. 12(5) (as substituted (10.8.2000) by S.I. 2000/1937, reg. 2(3), Sch. 3 para. 4)

[F11822A Construction of pipe-lines.E+W+S

(1)[F119A gas transporter shall not at any time execute within 23 metres from a pipe-line of another gas transporter (the “other transporter”)] any works for the construction of a pipe-line unless—

(a)he has given the other transporter a notice stating that he intends to construct the pipe-line;

(b)he has consulted with that transporter as to exactly where F120. . . the proposed pipe-line is to be located, having regard to the location of other pipe-lines F120. . .; F121. . .

(c)he has consulted with that transporter as to the manner in which—

(i)the safety of the pipe-line is to be secured; and

(ii)any escapes of gas (actual or suspected) from the pipe-line are to be dealt with [F122; and.

(d)(subject to subsection (1C)) where the existing pipe-line is a relevant main of the other transporter, that transporter has consented in writing to the construction of the proposed pipe-line, either unconditionally or subject to conditions.]

[F123(1A)Subsection (1) does not apply if the proposed pipe-line is required to enable a gas transporter to comply with any duty imposed by section 10(2).

(1B)Conditions imposed under subsection (1)(d) may relate to matters arising after the construction of the proposed pipe-line, including the use to be made of the pipe-line.

(1C)If the other transporter—

(a)refuses or fails to give consent under subsection (1)(d); or

(b)gives such consent subject to conditions,

consent may instead be given in writing by the Authority where it considers it appropriate to do so.

(1D)Consent under subsection (1C) may only be given unconditionally or, in a case falling within subsection (1C)(b), subject to the same conditions as were imposed by the other transporter.

(1E)A condition imposed on a gas transporter under this section shall be enforceable by civil proceedings by the other transporter for an injunction or for interdict or for any other appropriate relief.]

(2)A notice under subsection (1)(a) above shall—

(a)specify the points between which the proposed pipe-line is to run and be accompanied by a map (drawn to an appropriate scale) on which is delineated the route which it is proposed to take;

(b)specify the length, diameter and operating pressure of the proposed pipe-line and the kind of gas which it is designed to convey; and

(c)contain such other particulars (if any) as may be prescribed.

(3)In this section—

  • construction”, in relation to a pipe-line, includes placing;

  • pipe-line” has the same meaning as in the Pipe-lines Act 1962.

  • [F124relevant main” has the meaning given by section 10(12).]

(4)For the purposes of this section the execution of works in land for the purpose of determining whether or not it is suitable for the placing in it of a pipe-line and the carrying out of surveying operations for the purpose of settling the route of a proposed pipe-line shall be deemed not to constitute the execution of works for the construction of a pipe-line.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F119Words in s. 22A(1) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 78(2)(a); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F120Words in s. 22A(1)(b) repealed (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, ss. 78(2)(b), 108, Sch. 8; S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F121Word in s. 22A(1)(b) repealed (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 8; S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F122S. 22A(1)(d) and word “and”immediately preceding it inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 78(2)(c); S.I. 2001/3266, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F123S. 22A(1A)-(1E) inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 78(3); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F124Definition of

relevant main

in s. 22A(3) inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 78(4); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

[F125 Modification of licences]E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F125S. 23 and preceding cross-heading substituted (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 10(1), Sch. 3 para. 21; S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

[F12623 Modification by agreement.E+W+S

(1)Subject to the following provisions of this section, the Director may—

(a)modify the conditions of a particular licence; or

(b)modify the standard conditions of licences under section 7 above, licences under subsection (1) of section 7A above or licences under subsection (2) of that section.

(2)Where at any time the Director modifies under subsection (1)(b) above the standard conditions of licences under section 7 above, licences under subsection (1) of section 7A above or licences under subsection (2) of that section, he—

(a)shall also make (as nearly as may be) the same modifications of those conditions for the purposes of their incorporation in licences under that section or, as the case may be, that subsection granted after that time; and

(b)may make such incidental or consequential modifications as he considers necessary or expedient of any conditions of licences under that provision granted before that time.

(3)Before making modifications under this section, the Director shall give notice—

(a)stating that he proposes to make the modifications and setting out their effect;

(b)stating the reasons why he proposes to make the modifications; and

(c)specifying the time (not being less than 28 days from the date of publication of the notice) within which representations or objections with respect to the proposed modifications may be made,

and shall consider any representations or objections which are duly made and not withdrawn.

(4)A notice under subsection (3) above shall be given—

(a)by publishing the notice in such manner as the Director considers appropriate for the purpose of bringing the notice to the attention of persons likely to be affected by the making of the modifications; and

(b)by sending a copy of the notice to the holder of the licence or, as the case may be, the relevant licence holders, to the Secretary of State, to the Health and Safety Executive and to the Council.

(5)If, within the time specified in the notice under subsection (3) above, the Secretary of State directs the Director not to make any modification, the Director shall comply with the direction.

[F127(6)The Authority shall not make any modifications under subsection (1)(a) unless the licence holder has consented to the modifications and, in the case of standard conditions of a licence under subsection (1) or (2) of section 7A, the Authority is of the opinion that the modifications—

(a)are requisite to meet the circumstances of the particular case; and

(b)are such that—

(i)the licence holder would not be unduly disadvantaged in competing with other holders of licences under that subsection; and

(ii)no other holder of such a licence would be unduly disadvantaged in competing with other holders of such licences (including the holder of the licence being modified).

(6A)The modification under subsection (1)(a) of part of a standard condition of a licence shall not prevent any other part of the condition from continuing to be regarded as a standard condition for the purposes of this Part.]

[F128(7)The Authority may not under subsection (1)(b) make any modifications of the standard conditions of any licences unless—

(a)no notice of objection to those modifications is given to the Authority within the time specified in the notice under subsection (3) by any relevant licence holder;

(b)if one or more relevant licence holders give notice of objection to the Authority within that time—

(i)the proportion (expressed as a percentage) of the relevant licence holders who have given notice of objection is less than such percentage as may be prescribed; and

(ii)the percentage given by subsection (8) is less than such percentage as may be prescribed; or

(c)subsection (10) applies to the case.

(8)The percentage given by this subsection is the proportion (expressed as a percentage) of the relevant licence holders who have given notice of objection, weighted according to their market share in such manner as may be prescribed.]

(10)This subsection applies where the Director is of the opinion—

(a)that the effect of the standard conditions is such as to impose a burden affecting relevant licence holders in the carrying on of activities to which the modifications relate;

(b)that the modifications would remove or reduce the burden without removing any necessary protection; and

(c)in the case of a licence under subsection (1) or (2) of section 7A above, that the modifications are such that no holder of such a licence would be unduly disadvantaged in competing with other holders of such licences.

(11)Where at any time the Director modifies standard conditions under subsection (2)(a) above for the purposes of their incorporation in licences under section 7 or 7A(1) or (2) above granted after that time, he shall publish the modifications in such manner as he considers appropriate.

[F129(12)In this section—

  • prescribed” means prescribed by order made by the Secretary of State;

  • relevant licence holder”, in relation to proposed modifications under subsection (1)(b) of standard conditions of licences of any type, means the holder of a licence of that type which-

    (a)

    is to be modified under the proposals by the inclusion of any new standard condition; or

    (b)

    includes any standard conditions to which the proposals relate, other than standard conditions which are not in effect (by virtue of anything done under section 81(1) of the Utilities Act 2000) at the time specified in the notice under subsection (3).

(13)A statutory instrument containing an order under this section shall not be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before and approved by a resolution of each House of Parliament.]]

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Amendments (Textual)

F126S. 23 and preceding cross-heading substituted (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 10(1), Sch. 3 para. 21; S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

F127S. 23(6)(6A) substituted (1.10.2001) for s. 23(6) by 2000 c. 27, s. 82(3); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F128S. 23(7)(8) substituted (1.10.2001) for s. 23(7)-(9) by 2000 c. 27, s. 82(3); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F129S. 23(12)(13) substituted (16.5.2001 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.10.2001) for s. 23(12) by 2000 c. 27, s. 82(4); S.I. 2001/1781, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-10); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

24 Modification references to Monopolies Commission.E+W+S

[F130(1)The Director may make to the [F131Competition Commission] a reference which is so framed as to require the Commission to investigate and report on the questions—

(a)whether any matters which relate to—

(i)the carrying on of activities authorised or [F132regulated] by a particular licence, or

(ii)the storage of gas on terms which have been determined by the holder of a particular licence under section 7 above, or could have been determined by the holder if he had thought fit or had been required to determine them by or under a condition of the licence,

and which are specified in the reference operate, or may be expected to operate, against the public interest; and

(b)if so, whether the effects adverse to the public interest which those matters have or may be expected to have could be remedied or prevented by modifications of the relevant conditions, that is to say, the conditions of the licence.

(1A)The Director may make to the [F133Competition Commission] a reference which is so framed as to require the Commission to investigate and report on the questions—

(a)whether any matters which relate to the carrying on of activities authorised or [F134regulated] by—

(i)licences under section 7 above,

(ii)licences under subsection (1) of section 7A above which incorporate the standard conditions, or

(iii)licences under subsection (2) of that section,

and which are specified in the reference operate, or may be expected to operate, against the public interest; and

(b)if so, whether the effects adverse to the public interest which those matters have or may be expected to have could be remedied or prevented by modifications of the relevant conditions, that is to say, the standard conditions of licences under that section or, as the case may be, that subsection.]

(2)The Director may, at any time, by notice given to the [F135Competition Commission]vary a reference under this section by adding to the matters specified in the reference or by excluding from the reference some F136. . .of the matters so specified; and on receipt of such notice the Commission shall give effect to the variation.

(3)The Director may specify in a reference under this section, or a variation of such a reference, for the purpose of assisting the [F137Competition Commission]in carrying out the investigation on the reference—

(a)any effects adverse to the public interest which, in his opinion, the matters specified in the reference or variation have or may be expected to have; and

(b)any modifications of the [F138relevant conditions] by which, in his opinion, those effects could be remedied or prevented.

(4)As soon as practicable after making a reference under this section or a variation of such a reference, the Director—

(a)shall send a copy of the reference or variation to [F139the holder of the licence or, as the case may be, the relevant licence holders] and to the Council; and

(b)publish particulars of the reference or variation in such manner as he considers appropriate for the purpose of bringing the reference or variation to the attention of persons likely to be affected by it.

[F140(4A)The Director shall also send a copy of a reference under subsection (1A) above, or a variation of such a reference, to the Secretary of State; and if, before the end of the period of 28 days beginning with the day on which he receives the copy of the reference or variation, the Secretary of State directs the [F141Competition Commission]not to proceed with the reference or, as the case may require, not to give effect to the variation, the Commission shall comply with the direction.]

(5)It shall be the duty of the Director, for the purpose of assisting the [F142Competition Commission]in carrying out an investigation on a reference under this section [F143or in carrying out functions under section 26A], to give to the Commission—

(a)any information which is in his possession and which relates to matters falling within the scope of the investigation [F143or the carrying out of those functions], and which is either requested by the Commission for that purpose or is information which in his opinion it would be appropriate for that purpose to give to the Commission without any such request; and

(b)any other assistance which the Commission may require, and which it is within his power to give, in relation to any such matters,

and the Commission, for the purpose of carrying out any such investigation [F143or such functions], shall take account of any information given to them for that purpose under this subsection.

(6)In determining for the purposes of this section whether any particular matter operates, or may be expected to operate, against the public interest, the [F144Competition Commission]shall have regard to the matters as respects which duties are imposed on the Secretary of State and the Director by [F145sections 4AA, 4AB and 4A] above.

[F146(7)The provisions mentioned in subsection (7A) are to apply in relation to references under this section as if—

(a)the functions of the Competition Commission in relation to those references were functions under the M9Fair Trading Act 1973;

(b)the expression “merger reference” included a reference under this section;

(c)in section 70 of the M10Fair Trading Act 1973—

(i)references to the Secretary of State were references to the Director, and

(ii)the reference to three months were a reference to six months.

(7A)The provisions are—

(a)sections 70 (time limit for report on merger) and 85 (attendance of witnesses and production of documents) of the Fair Trading Act 1973;

(b)Part II of Schedule 7 to the Competition Act 1998 (performance of the Competition Commission’s general functions); and

(c)section 24 of the M11Competition Act 1980 (modification of provisions about performance of such functions).]

[F147(8)In this section and sections 25 [F148,26 and 26A]

  • relevant conditions” has the meaning given by subsection (1) or (1A) above;

  • relevant licence holder”—

    (a)

    in relation to a reference under subsection (1A) above, means the holder of a licence to which the reference relates;

    (b)

    in relation to modifications of relevant conditions within the meaning given by that subsection, means the holder of a licence which incorporates the conditions.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F130S. 24(1)(1A) substituted for s. 24(1) (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 10(1), Sch. 3 para. 22(1); S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

F131Words in s. 24(1) substituted (1.4.1999) by S.I. 1999/506, art. 20(a)

F132Word in s. 24(1)(a)(i) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6, Pt. I para. 8(2); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F133Words in s. 24(1A) substituted (1.4.1999) by S.I. 1999/506, art. 20(b)

F134Words in s. 24(1A)(a) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6, Pt. I para. 8(2); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F135Words in s. 24(2) substituted (1.4.1999) by S.I. 1999/506, art. 20(b)

F136Words in s. 24(2) repealed (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 8; S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F137Words in s. 24(3) substituted (1.4.1999) by S.I. 1999/506, art. 20(b)

F141Words in s. 24(4A) substituted (1.4.1999) by S.I. 1999/506, art. 20(b)

F142Words in s. 24(5) substituted (1.4.1999) by S.I. 1999/506, art. 20(b)

F143Words in s. 24(5) inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 83(1); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F144Words in s. 24(6) substituted (1.4.1999) by S.I. 1999/506, art. 20(b)

F145Words in s. 24(6) substituted (20.12.2000) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 8(3); S.I. 2000/3343, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-15)

F148Words in s. 24(8) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6, Pt. I para. 8(4); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C25S. 24 amended (16.5.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 104(1)(2) (with s. 104(6)); S.I. 2001/1781, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-10)

Marginal Citations

Prospective

[F14924A References under section 24: time limitsE+W+S

(1)Every reference under section 24 above shall specify a period (not longer than six months beginning with the date of the reference) within which a report on the reference is to be made.

(2)A report of the Competition Commission on a reference under section 24 above shall not have effect (and no action shall be taken in relation to it under section 26 below) unless the report is made before the end of the period specified in the reference or such further period (if any) as may be allowed by the Authority under subsection (3) below.

(3)The Authority may, if it has received representations on the subject from the Competition Commission and is satisfied that there are special reasons why the report cannot be made within the period specified in the reference, extend that period by no more than six months.

(4)No more than one extension is possible under subsection (3) above in relation to the same reference.

(5)The Authority shall, in the case of an extension made by it under subsection (3) above—

(a)publish that extension in such manner as it considers appropriate for the purpose of bringing it to the attention of persons likely to be affected by it; and

(b)send a copy of what has been published by it under paragraph (a) above to the holder of the licence or, as the case may be, the relevant licence holders.]

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Amendments (Textual)

Prospective

[F15024B References under section 24: powers of investigationE+W+S

(1)The following sections of Part 3 of the Enterprise Act 2002 shall apply, with the modifications mentioned in subsections (2) and (3) below, for the purposes of references under section 24 above as they apply for the purposes of references under that Part—

(a)section 109 (attendance of witnesses and production of documents etc.);

(b)section 110 (enforcement of powers under section 109: general);

(c)section 111 (penalties);

(d)section 112 (penalties: main procedural requirements);

(e)section 113 (payments and interest by instalments);

(f)section 114 (appeals in relation to penalties);

(g)section 115 (recovery of penalties); and

(h)section 116 (statement of policy).

(2)Section 110 shall, in its application by virtue of subsection (1) above, have effect as if—

(a)subsection (2) were omitted; and

(b)in subsection (9) the words from “or section” to “section 65(3))” were omitted.

(3)Section 111(5)(b)(ii) shall, in its application by virtue of subsection (1) above, have effect as if—

(a)for the words “published (or, in the case of a report under section 50 or 65, given)” there were substituted “made”;

(b)for the words “published (or given)”, in both places where they appear, there were substituted “made”; and

(c)the words “by this Part” were omitted.

(4)Provisions of Part 3 of the Enterprise Act 2002 which have effect for the purposes of sections 109 to 116 of that Act (including, in particular, provisions relating to offences and the making of orders) shall, for the purposes of the application of those sections by virtue of subsection (1) above, have effect in relation to those sections as applied by virtue of that subsection.

(5)Accordingly, corresponding provisions of this Act shall not have effect in relation to those sections as applied by virtue of that subsection.]

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Amendments (Textual)

25 Reports on modification references.E+W+S

(1)In making a report on a reference under section 24 above, the [F151Competition Commission]

(a)shall include in the report definite conclusions on the questions comprised in the reference together with such an account of their reasons for those conclusions as in their opinion is expedient for facilitating proper understanding of those questions and of their conclusions;

(b)where they conclude that any of the matters specified in the reference operate, or may be expected to operate, against the public interest, shall specify in the report the effects adverse to the public interest which those matters have or may be expected to have; and

(c)where they conclude that any adverse effects so specified could be remedied or prevented by modifications of [F152the relevant conditions], shall specify in the report modifications by which those effects could be remedied or prevented.

F153(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3)Section 82 of the M12Fair Trading Act 1973 (general provisions as to reports) shall apply in relation to reports of the [F151Competition Commission] on references under section 24 above as it applies to reports of the Commission under that Act.

(4)A report of the [F151Competition Commission] on a reference under section 24 above shall be made to the Director.

(5)Subject to subsection (6) below, the Director shall—

(a)on receiving [F154a report on a reference under section 24(1) above, send a copy of it to the licence holder] and to the Secretary of State; and

(b)not less than 14 days after that copy is received by the Secretary of State, send another copy to the Council and publish that other copy in such manner as he considers appropriate for bringing the report to the attention of persons likely to be affected by it.

[F155(5A)Subject to subsection (6) below, the Director shall—

(a)on receiving a report on a reference under section 24(1A) above, send a copy of it to the Secretary of State; and

(b)not less than 14 days after that copy is received by the Secretary of State—

(i)send another copy to the Council and to each relevant licence holder; and

(ii)not less than 24 hours after complying with sub-paragraph (i) above, publish the copy sent to the Council in such manner as he considers appropriate for bringing the report to the attention of persons likely to be affected by it.]

(6)If it appears to the Secretary of State that the publication of any matter in such a report would be against the public interest or the commercial interests of any person, he may, before the end of the period of 14 days mentioned in subsection (5) [F156or (5A)]above, direct the Director to exclude that matter from [F157the copy of the report, or (as the case may be) each copy of the report, to be sent and published as mentioned in paragraph (b) of that subsection].

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Amendments (Textual)

F151Words in s. 25(1)-(4) substituted (1.4.1999) by S.I. 1999/506, art. 20(b)

Marginal Citations

26 Modification following report.E+W+S

(1)Where a report of the [F158Competition Commission]a reference under section 24 above—

(a)includes conclusions to the effect that any of the matters specified in the reference operate, or may be expected to operate, against the public interest;

(b)specifies effects adverse to the public interest which those matters have or may be expected to have;

(c)includes conclusions to the effect that those effects could be remedied or prevented by modifications of [F159the relevant conditions]; and

(d)specifies modifications by which those effects could be remedied or prevented,

the Director shall, subject to the following provisions of this section, make such modifications of [F159the relevant conditions] as appear to him requisite for the purpose of remedying or preventing the adverse effects specified in the report.

[F160(1A)Where at any time the Director modifies under subsection (1) above the standard conditions of licences under section 7 above, licences under subsection (1) of section 7A above or licences under subsection (2) of that section, he—

(a)shall also make (as nearly as may be) the same modifications of those conditions for the purposes of their incorporation in licences under that section or, as the case may be, that subsection granted after that time; and

(b)may make such incidental or consequential modifications as he considers necessary or expedient of any conditions of licences under that provision granted before that time;

and the above reference to subsection (1) above is a reference to that subsection as it applies in relation to a report on a reference under section 24(1A) above.]

(2)Before making modifications under this section, the Director shall have regard to the modifications specified in the report.

(3)Before making modifications under this section, the Director shall give notice—

(a)stating that he proposes to make the modifications and setting out their effect;

(b)stating the reasons why he proposes to make the modifications; and

(c)specifying the time (not being less than 28 days from the date of publication of the notice) within which representations or objections with respect to the proposed modifications may be made,

and shall consider any representations or objections which are duly made and not withdrawn.

(4)A notice under subsection (3) above shall be given—

(a)by publishing the notice in such manner as the Director considers appropriate for the purpose of bringing the matters to which the notice relates to the attention of persons likely to be affected by the making of the modifications; and

(b)by sending a copy of the notice to the [F161holder of the licence or, as the case may be, the relevant licence holders, to the Health and Safety Executive] and to the Council.

[F162(4A)After considering any representations or objections made in response to proposals set out in a notice under subsection (3), the Authority shall give notice to the Competition Commission—

(a)setting out the modifications it proposes to make to remedy or prevent the adverse effects specified in the report; and

(b)stating the reasons for making the modifications.

(4B)The Authority shall include with the notice under subsection (4A) a copy of any representations or objections received in relation to the notice under subsection (3).

(4C)If the period of four weeks from the date on which the notice under subsection (4A) is given elapses without a direction under section 26A(1)(a) having been given to it, the Authority shall—

(a)make the modifications set out in the notice; or

(b)if a direction under section 26A(1)(b) has been given, make the modifications which are not specified in the direction.]

[F163(5)Where at any time the Director modifies standard conditions under subsection (1A)(a) above for the purposes of their incorporation in licences under section 7 or 7A(1) or (2) above granted after that time, he shall publish the modifications in such manner as he considers appropriate.]

[F164(6)The modification under subsection (1) of part of a standard condition of a particular licence in consequence of a reference under section 24(1) shall not prevent any other part of the condition from continuing to be regarded as a standard condition for the purposes of this Part.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F158Words in S. 26(1) substituted (1.4.1999) by S.I. 1999/506 art. 20(b)

F162S. 26(4A)-(4C) inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 83(2); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F164S. 26(6) inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 83(3); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

[F16526A Competition Commission’s power to veto modifications following report.E+W+S

(1)The Competition Commission (in this section referred to as “the Commission”) may, within the period of four weeks after the date on which it is given a notice under section 26(4A), direct the Authority—

(a)not to make the modifications set out in that notice; or

(b)not to make such of the modifications as may be specified in the direction;

and the Authority shall comply with any such direction.

(2)The Secretary of State may, within the period of four weeks after the date on which the Commission is given a notice under section 26(4A) and on the application of the Commission, direct that the period for giving a direction under subsection (1) (and, accordingly, the period mentioned in section 26(4C)) shall be extended by 14 days.

(3)The power to give a direction under subsection (1) may only be exercised in respect of such of the modifications set out in the notice under section 26(4A)(a) as appear to the Commission not to be the modifications which are requisite for the purpose of remedying or preventing all or any of the adverse effects specified in the report as effects which could be remedied or prevented by modifications.

(4)If the Commission gives a direction under subsection (1), the Commission—

(a)shall give notice setting out the modifications proposed by the Authority, the terms of the direction and the reasons for giving it; and

(b)shall itself make such modifications of the relevant conditions as appear to it to be requisite for the purpose of remedying or preventing—

(i)if the direction was given under subsection (1)(a), the adverse effects specified in the report as effects which could be remedied or prevented by modifications;

(ii)if the direction was given under subsection (1)(b), such of those adverse effects as are not remedied or prevented by the modifications made by the Authority under section 26(4C)(b).

(5)In exercising its function under subsection (4)(b) the Commission shall have regard to the matters to which the Authority is required to have regard when determining the conditions of a licence.

(6)Before making modifications under subsection (4)(b) the Commission shall give notice—

(a)stating that it proposes to make the modifications and setting them out;

(b)stating the reason why it proposes to make them;

(c)specifying the period (not being less than 28 days from the date of publication of the notice) within which representations or objections with respect to the proposed modifications may be made,

and shall consider any representations or objections which are duly made and not withdrawn.

(7)A notice under subsection (4)(a) or (6) shall be given—

(a)by publishing the notice in such manner as the Commission considers appropriate for the purpose of bringing it to the attention of persons likely to be affected by the making of the modifications; and

(b)by serving a copy on the Authority and the holder of the licence in question or, as the case may be, the relevant licence holders.

(8)After making modifications under this section the Commission shall publish a notice stating that the modifications have been made and setting them out, with the reasons for making them.

(9)Where, in consequence of a reference under section 24(1A), the Commission modifies under subsection (4)(b) the standard conditions of licences of any type (that is to say, licences under section 7 or section 7A(1) or 7A(2)) the Authority may make such incidental and consequential modifications as it considers necessary or expedient of any conditions of licences of that type granted before that time.

(10)Where the Commission modifies the standard conditions of licences of any type as mentioned in subsection (9) the Authority—

(a)shall make (as nearly as may be) the same modifications of those conditions for the purposes of their incorporation in licences of that type granted after that time; and

(b)shall publish the modifications made for those purposes in such manner as it considers appropriate.

(11)The modification under this section of part of a standard condition of a particular licence in consequence of a reference under section 24(1) shall not prevent any other part of the condition from continuing to be regarded as a standard condition for the purposes of this Part.

(12)The provisions mentioned in subsection (13) are to apply in relation to the exercise by the Commission of its functions under this section as if—

(a)in section 82(1) and (2) of the M13Fair Trading Act 1973 references to a report of the Commission under that Act were references to a notice under subsection (4)(a), (6) or (8) of this section;

(b)in section 85 of that Act references to an investigation on a reference made to the Commission were references to an investigation by the Commission for the purposes of the exercise of its functions under this section.

(13)The provisions are—

(a)section 82(1) and (2) of the M14Fair Trading Act 1973 (general provisions as to reports under that Act);

(b)section 85 of that Act (attendance of witnesses and production of documents);

(c)section 24 of the M15Competition Act 1980 (modification of provisions about the Competition Commission’s general functions); and

(d)Part II of Schedule 7 to the M16Competition Act 1998 (the Competition Commission’s general functions).

(14)This section does not apply to the modification of a licence following a report of the Commission made before the commencement of section 83(4) of the Utilities Act 2000.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F165S. 26A inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, ss. 83(4), 104(1)(2) (with s. 104(6)); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

Marginal Citations

[F16627 Modification by order under other enactments.E+W+S

(1)Where in the circumstances mentioned in subsection (3) or (4) below the Secretary of State by order exercises any of the powers specified in Parts I and II of Schedule 8 to the M17Fair Trading Act 1973 F167. . ., the order may also provide for the modification of—

(a)the conditions of a particular licence; or

(b)the standard conditions of licences under section 7 above, licences under subsection (1) of section 7A above or licences under subsection (2) of that section,

to such extent as may appear to him to be requisite or expedient for the purpose of giving effect to or of taking account of any provision made by the order.

[F168(1A)The modification under subsection (1)(a) of part of a standard condition of a particular licence in consequence of a reference under section 24(1) shall not prevent any other part of the condition from continuing to be regarded as a standard condition for the purposes of this Part.]

(2)Where at any time the Secretary of State modifies under subsection (1)(b) above the standard conditions of licences under section 7 above, licences under subsection (1) of section 7A above or licences under subsection (2) of that section, he—

(a)shall also make (as nearly as may be) the same modifications of those conditions for the purposes of their incorporation in licences under that section or, as the case may be, that subsection granted after that time; and

(b)may, after consultation with the Director, make such incidental or consequential modifications as he considers necessary or expedient of any conditions of licences under that provision granted before that time.

(3)Subsection (1) above shall have effect where—

(a)the circumstances are as mentioned in section 56(1) of the said Act of 1973 (order on report on monopoly reference), F169. . .); and

(b)the monopoly situation exists in relation to, or (as the case may be) the anti-competitive practice relates to—

(i)the carrying on of activities authorised or [F170regulated] by a licence; or

(ii)the storage of gas on terms which have been determined by the holder of a licence under section 7 above, or could have been determined by the holder if he had thought fit or had been required to determine them by or under a condition of the licence.

(4)Subsection (1) above shall also have effect where—

(a)the circumstances are as mentioned in section 73(1) of the said Act of 1973 (order on report on merger reference); and

(b)at least one of the two or more enterprises—

(i)which ceased to be distinct enterprises; or

(ii)in the application of that provision as it has effect by virtue of section 75(4)(e) of that Act, which would cease to be distinct enterprises,

was or, as the case may be, is engaged in the carrying on of activities authorised or [F170 regulated] by a licence.

(5)Where at any time the Secretary of State modifies standard conditions under subsection (2)(a) above for the purposes of their incorporation in licences granted after that time, he shall publish those modifications in such manner as he considers appropriate.

(6)In this section expressions which are also used in the said Act of 1973 F171. . . have the same meanings as in that Act.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F168S. 27(1A) inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 83(5); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F170Words in s. 27(3)(4) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6, Pt. I para. 9; S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

Marginal Citations

[F172 Determination of disputes]E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F172S. 27A and the preceding cross-heading inserted (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 10(1), Sch. 3 para. 26; S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

[F17327A Determination of certain disputes.E+W+S

(1)Subject to subsection (2) below, any dispute arising under section 9(1)(b) or (2), 10 or 11 above, regulations under section 10 above, or any provision of paragraphs 2, 3, 15 or 16 of Schedule 2B to this Act, between a [F174gas transporter] or gas supplier and a person who is, or wishes to become, a [F175customer of a person authorised by a licence or exemption to supply gas]

(a)may be referred to the Director by either party, or with the agreement of either party, by the Council; and

(b)on such a reference, shall be determined by order made either by the Director, or if he thinks fit by an arbitrator (or in Scotland arbiter) appointed by him.

(2)No dispute which—

(a)arises under section 9(1)(b) above and relates to the connection of any premises to a pipe-line system operated by a [F174gas transporter]; or

(b)arises under section 10 above, or regulations under that section, and relates to the connection of any premises to a main of such a transporter,

may be referred to the Director after the end of the period of 12 months beginning with the time when the connection is made.

(3)Any person making an order under subsection (1) above shall include in the order his reasons for reaching his decision with respect to the dispute.

(4)The practice and procedure to be followed in connection with any such determination shall be such as the Director may consider appropriate.

(5)Where any dispute between a [F174gas transporter] and a person requiring a connection to a main of the transporter falls to be determined under this section, the Director may give directions as to the circumstances in which, and the terms on which, the transporter is to connect or (as the case may be) to maintain the connection pending the determination of the dispute.

(6)Where any dispute between a gas supplier and a person requiring a supply of gas falls to be determined under this section, the Director may give directions as to the circumstances in which, and the terms on which, the supplier is to give or (as the case may be) to continue to give the supply pending the determination of the dispute.

(7)Where any dispute arising under section 11(1) above falls to be determined under this section, the Director may give directions as to the security (if any) to be given pending the determination of the dispute.

(8)Any direction under subsection (5), (6) or (7) above may be expressed to apply either in relation to a particular case or in relation to a class of case.

(9)An order under this section—

(a)may include such incidental, supplemental and consequential provision (including provision requiring either party to pay a sum in respect of the costs or expenses incurred by the person making the order) as that person considers appropriate; and

(b)shall be final and—

(i)in England and Wales, enforceable, in so far as it includes such provision as to costs or expenses, as if it were a judgment of a county court; and

(ii)in Scotland, enforceable as if it were an extract registered decree arbitral bearing a warrant for execution issued by the sheriff.

(10)In including in an order under this section any such provision as to costs or expenses, the person making the order shall have regard to the conduct and means of the parties and any other relevant circumstances.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F174Words in s. 27A substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 2(1); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F175Words in s. 27A(1) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6, Pt. I para. 10; S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

Public gas suppliers: enforcementE+W+S

28 Orders for securing compliance with certain provisions.E+W+S

(1)Subject to subsections (2) [F176, (5) and (5A)]and section 29 below, where the Director is satisfied that a [F177licence holder] is contravening, or [F178is likely] to contravene, any relevant condition or requirement, the Director shall by a final order make such provision as is requisite for the purpose of securing compliance with that condition or requirement.

(2)Subject to [F179subsections (5) and (5A)] below, where it appears to the Director—

(a)that a [F177licence holder] is contravening, or [F178is likely] to contravene, any relevant condition or requirement; and

(b)that it is requisite that a provisional order be made,

the Director shall (instead of taking steps towards the making of a final order) by a provisional order make such provision as appears to him requisite for the purpose of securing compliance with that condition or requirement.

(3)In determining for the purposes of subsection (2)(b) above whether it is requisite that a provisional order be made, the Director shall have regard, in particular—

(a)to the extent to which any person is likely to sustain loss or damage in consequence anything which, in contravention of the relevant condition or requirement, is likely to be done, or omitted to be done, before a final order may be made; and

(b)to the fact that the effect of the provisions of this section and section 30 below is to exclude the availability of any remedy (apart from under those provisions or for negligence) in respect of any contravention of a relevant condition or requirement.

(4)Subject to [F179subsections (5) and (5A)] and section 29 below, the Director shall confirm a provisional order, with or without modifications, if—

(a)he is satisfied that the [F177licence holder] is contravening, or [F178is likely] to contravene, any relevant condition or requirement; and

(b)the provision made by the order (with any modifications) is requisite for the purpose of securing compliance with that condition or requirement.

(5)The Director shall not make a final order or make or confirm a provisional order if he is satisfied—

(a)that the duties imposed on him by [F180section [F1814AA, 4AB or 4A]preclude the making or, as the case may be, the confirmation of the order

F182(aa). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F182(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F183(c)that the most appropriate way of proceeding is under the Competition Act 1998.]

[F184(5A)The Authority is not required to make a final order or make or confirm a provisional order if it is satisfied—

(a)that the licence holder has agreed to take and is taking all such steps as it appears to the Authority for the time being to be appropriate for the licence holder to take for the purpose of securing or facilitating compliance with the condition or requirement in question; or

(b)that the contraventions were or the apprehended contraventions are of a trivial nature.]

(6)Where the Director is satisfied as mentioned in [F179subsections (5) and (5A)] above, he shall—

(a)give notice that he is so satisfied to the [F185licence holder]; and

(b)publish a copy of the notice in such manner as the Director considers appropriate for the purpose of bringing the matters to which the notice relates to the attention of persons likely to be affected by them.

(7)A final or provisional order—

(a)shall require the [F185licence holder] (according to the circumstances of the case) to do, or not to do, such things as are specified in the order or are of a description so specified;

(b)shall take effect at such time, being the earliest practicable time, as is determined by or under the order; and

(c)may be revoked at any time by the Director.

F186(7A). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(8)In this section and sections 29 [F187 to 30F] below—

  • final order” means an order under this section other than a provisional order;

  • provisional order” means an order under this section which, if not previously confirmed under subsection (4) above, will cease to have effect at the end of such period (not exceeding three months) as is determined by or under the order;

  • relevant condition”, in relation to a [F188licence holder], means any condition of his [F188licence holder];

  • [F189relevant requirement”, in relation to a licence holder, means any requirement imposed on him by or under section 9(1) [F190, (1A)]or (2), 10(2), (3) or (14) [F19110A(1),], 11(2), 12(1) or (6) [F190, 16(10),], 18(11), 22A(1) or 27A(5) or (6) above or section 33B, [F19033BA, 33C,]. . .33D [F192, 33F, 41A or 41B] below or any provision of paragraphs 3, 6, 15, 16, 20(5) and 28(2) of Schedule 2B to this Act [F193or section 27(4)(b) of the Utilities Act 2000 (order to comply with a direction under section 24 of that Act)].]

F194(9). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

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Amendments (Textual)

F176Words in s. 28(1) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 96(2) (with s. 96(7)) (with s. 96(7)); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F178Words in s. 28(1)(2)(4)(a) substituted (1.7.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 48(2); Commencement Order No. 1 made on 29.5.1992, art. 3, Sch. Pt. I.

F179Words in s. 28(2)(4)(6) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 96(3) (with s. 96(7)); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F181Words in s. 28(5)(a) substituted (20.12.2000) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 11; S.I. 2000/3343, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-15)

F182S. 28(5)(aa)(b) repealed (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, ss. 96(4), 108, Sch. 8 (with s. 96(7)); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F184S. 28(5A) inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 96(5) (with s. 96(7)); S.I. 2001/3266, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F186S. 28(7A) repealed (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, ss. 95(2)(a), 108, Sch. 8; S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F187Words in s. 28(8) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 95(2)(b); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F190Words in definition of

relevant requirement

in s. 28(8) inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6, Pt. I para. 12(a)-(c); S.I. 2001/3266, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F191Words in definition of

relevant requirement

in s. 28(8) inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 77(2); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F192Words in definition of

relevant requirment

in s. 28(8) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6, Pt. I para. 12(e); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F193Words in definition of

relevant requirement

in s. 28(8) inserted (7.11.2000) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 12(f); S.I. 2000/2974, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-12)

F194S. 28(9) repealed (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, ss. 95(2)(a), 108, Sch. 8; S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

29 Procedural requirements.E+W+S

(1)Before making a final order or confirming a provisional order, the Director shall give notice—

(a)stating that he proposes to make or confirm the order and setting out its effect;

(b)stating the relevant condition or requirement, the acts or omissions which, in his opinion, constitute or would constitute contraventions of it and the other facts which, in his opinion, justify the making or confirmation of the order; and

(c)specifying the time (not being less than [F19521] days from the date of publication of the notice) within which representations or objections to the proposed order or confirmation of the order may be made,

and shall consider any representations or objections which are duly made and not withdrawn.

(2)A notice under subsection (1) above shall be given—

(a)by publishing the notice in such manner as the Director considers appropriate for the purpose of bringing the matters to which the notice relates to the attention of persons likely to be affected by them; and

(b)by sending a copy of the notice, and a copy of the proposed order or of the order proposed to be confirmed, to the [F196licence holder].

(3)The Director shall not make a final order, or confirm a provisional order, with modifications except with the consent of the [F196licence holder] or after complying with the requirements of subsection (4) below.

(4)The said requirements are that the Director shall—

(a)give to the [F196licence holder] such notice as appears to him requisite of his proposal to make or confirm the order with modifications;

(b)specify the time (not being less than [F19721] days from the date of the service of the notice) within which representations or objections to the proposed modifications may be made; and

(c)consider any representations or objections which are duly made and not withdrawn.

(5)Before revoking a final order or a provisional order which has been confirmed, the Director shall give notice—

(a)stating that he proposes to revoke the order and setting out its effect; and

(b)specifying the time (not being less than 28 days) from the date of publication of the notice within which representations or objections to the proposed revocation may be made,

and shall consider any representations or objections which are duly made and not withdrawn.

(6)A notice under subsection (5) above shall be given—

(a)by publishing the notice in such manner as the Director considers appropriate for the purpose of bringing the matters to which the notice relates to the attention of persons likely to be affected by them; and

(b)by sending a copy of the notice to the [F196licence holder].

(7)As soon as practicable after a final order is made or a provisional order is made or confirmed, the Director shall—

(a)serve a copy of the order on the [F196licence holder]; and

(b)publish such a copy in such manner as he considers appropriate for the purpose of bringing the order to the attention of persons likely to be affected by it.

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Amendments (Textual)

F195Word in s. 29(1)(c) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 96(6) (with s. 96(7)); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F196Words in s. 29(2)-(4)(6)(7) substituted (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 10(1), Sch. 3 para. 28; S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

F197Word in s. 29(4)(b) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 96(6) (with s. 96(7)); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

30 Validity and effect of orders.E+W+S

(1)If the [F198licence holder] is aggrieved by a final or provisional order and desires to question its validity on the ground that the making or confirmation of it was not within the powers of section 28 above or that any of the requirements of section 29 above have not been complied with in relation to it, he may within 42 days from the date of service on him of a copy of the order make an application to the court under this section.

[F199(2)On any such application the court, if satisfied that the making or confirmation of the order was not within those powers or that the interests of the licence holder have been substantially prejudiced by a failure to comply with those requirements—

(a)may quash the order or any provision of the order; F200. . .

F201(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

(3)Except as provided by this section, the validity of a final or provisional order shall not be questioned by any legal proceedings whatever.

(4)No criminal proceedings shall, by virtue of the making of a final order or the making or confirmation of a provisional order, lie against any person on the ground that he has committed, or aided, abetted, counselled or procured the commission of, or conspired or attempted to commit, or incited others to commit, any contravention of the order.

(5)The obligation to comply with a final or provisional order is a duty owed to any person who may be affected by a contravention of it.

(6)Where a duty is owed by virtue of subsection (5) above to any person any breach of the duty which causes that person to sustain loss or damage shall be actionable at the suit or instance of that person.

(7)In any proceedings brought against any person in pursuance of subsection (6) above, it shall be a defence for him to prove that he took all reasonable steps and exercised all due diligence to avoid contravening the order.

(8)Without prejudice to any right which any person may have by virtue of subsection (6) above to bring civil proceedings in respect of any contravention or apprehended contravention of a final or provisional order, compliance with any such order shall be enforceable by civil proceedings by the Director for an injunction or interdict or for any other appropriate relief.

(9)In this section “the court” means—

(a)in relation to England and Wales, the High Court;

(b)in relation to Scotland, the Court of Session.

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Amendments (Textual)

F200Word in s. 30(2)(a) repealed (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 8; S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F201S. 30(2)(b) repealed (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, ss. 95(3), 108, Sch. 8; S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

[F20230A Penalties.E+W+S

(1)Where the Authority is satisfied that a licence holder—

(a)has contravened or is contravening any relevant condition or requirement; or

(b)has failed or is failing to achieve any standard of performance prescribed under section 33A or 33AA,

the Authority may, subject to section 30C, impose on the licence holder a penalty of such amount as is reasonable in all the circumstances of the case.

(2)The Authority shall not impose a penalty on a licence holder under subsection (1) where it is satisfied that the most appropriate way of proceeding is under the M18Competition Act 1998.

(3)Before imposing a penalty on a licence holder under subsection (1) the Authority shall give notice—

(a)stating that it proposes to impose a penalty and the amount of the penalty proposed to be imposed;

(b)setting out the relevant condition or requirement or the standard of performance in question;

(c)specifying the acts or omissions which, in the opinion of the Authority, constitute the contravention or failure in question and the other facts which, in the opinion of the Authority, justify the imposition of a penalty and the amount of the penalty proposed; and

(d)specifying the period (not being less than 21 days from the date of publication of the notice) within which representations or objections with respect to the proposed penalty may be made,

and shall consider any representations or objections which are duly made and not withdrawn.

(4)Before varying any proposal stated in a notice under subsection (3)(a) the Authority shall give notice—

(a)setting out the proposed variation and the reasons for it; and

(b)specifying the period (not being less than 21 days from the date of publication of the notice) within which representations or objections with respect to the proposed variation may be made,

and shall consider any representations or objections which are duly made and not withdrawn.

(5)As soon as practicable after imposing a penalty, the Authority shall give notice—

(a)stating that it has imposed a penalty on the licence holder and its amount;

(b)setting out the relevant condition or requirement or the standard of performance in question;

(c)specifying the acts or omissions which, in the opinion of the Authority, constitute the contravention or failure in question and the other facts which, in the opinion of the Authority, justify the imposition of the penalty and its amount; and

(d)specifying a date, no earlier than the end of the period of 42 days from the date of service of the notice on the licence holder, by which the penalty is required to be paid.

(6)The licence holder may, within 21 days of the date of service on him of a notice under subsection (5), make an application to the Authority for it to specify different dates by which different portions of the penalty are to be paid.

(7)Any notice required to be given under this section shall be given—

(a)by publishing the notice in such manner as the Authority considers appropriate for the purpose of bringing the matters to which the notice relates to the attention of persons likely to be affected by them;

(b)by serving a copy of the notice on the licence holder; and

(c)by serving a copy of the notice on the Council.

(8)No penalty imposed by the Authority under this section may exceed 10 per cent. of the turnover of the licence holder (determined in accordance with provisions specified in an order made by the Secretary of State).

(9)An order under subsection (8) shall not be made unless a draft of the instrument containing it has been laid before and approved by a resolution of each House of Parliament.

(10)Any sums received by the Authority by way of penalty under this section shall be paid into the Consolidated Fund.

(11)The power of the Authority under subsection (1) is not exercisable in respect of any contravention or failure before the commencement of section 95 of the Utilities Act 2000.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F202SS. 30A-30F inserted (20.12.2000 for specified purposes otherwise 1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 95(1); S.I. 2000/3343, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-15); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C26S. 30A(1)(b) amended (temp. from 19.12.2000) by SI. 2000/3343, art. 9(2) (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-15)

Marginal Citations

[F20330B Statement of policy with respect to penalties.E+W+S

(1)The Authority shall prepare and publish a statement of policy with respect to the imposition of penalties and the determination of their amount.

(2)In deciding whether to impose a penalty, and in determining the amount of any penalty, in respect of a contravention or failure the Authority shall have regard to its statement of policy most recently published at the time when the contravention or failure occurred.

(3)The Authority may revise its statement of policy and where it does so shall publish the revised statement.

(4)Publication under this section shall be in such manner as the Authority considers appropriate for the purpose of bringing the matters contained in the statement of policy to the attention of persons likely to be affected by them.

(5)The Authority shall undertake such consultation as it considers appropriate when preparing or revising its statement of policy.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F203Ss. 30A-30F inserted (20.12.2000 for specified purposes otherwise 1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 95(1); S.I. 2000/3343, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-15); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

[F20430C Time limits on the imposition of penalties.E+W+S

(1)Where no final or provisional order has been made in relation to a contravention or failure, the Authority may not impose a penalty in respect of the contravention or failure later than the end of the period of 12 months from the time of the contravention or failure, unless before the end of that period—

(a)the notice under section 30A(3) relating to the penalty is served on the licence holder under section 30A(7), or

(b)a notice relating to the contravention or failure is served on the licence holder under section 38(1).

(2)Where a final or provisional order has been made in relation to a contravention or failure, the Authority may not impose a penalty in respect of the contravention or failure unless the notice relating to the penalty under section 30A(3) was served on the licence holder under section 30A(7)—

(a)within three months from the confirmation of the provisional order or the making of the final order, or

(b)where the provisional order is not confirmed, within six months from the making of the provisional order.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F204Ss. 30A-30F inserted (20.12.2000 for specified purposes otherwise 1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 95(1); S.I. 2000/3343, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-15); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

[F20530D Interest and payment of instalments.E+W+S

(1)If the whole or any part of a penalty is not paid by the date by which it is required to be paid, the unpaid balance from time to time shall carry interest at the rate for the time being specified in section 17 of the M19Judgments Act 1838.

(2)If an application is made under subsection (6) of section 30A in relation to a penalty, the penalty is not required to be paid until the application has been determined.

(3)If the Authority grants an application under that subsection in relation to a penalty but any portion of the penalty is not paid by the date specified in relation to it by the Authority under that subsection, the Authority may where it considers it appropriate require so much of the penalty as has not already been paid to be paid immediately.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F205Ss. 30A-30F inserted (20.12.2000 for specified purposes otherwise 1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 95(1); S.I. 2000/3343, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-15); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

Marginal Citations

[F20630E Appeals.E+W+S

(1)If the licence holder on whom a penalty is imposed is aggrieved by—

(a)the imposition of the penalty;

(b)the amount of the penalty; or

(c)the date by which the penalty is required to be paid, or the different dates by which different portions of the penalty are required to be paid,

the licence holder may make an application to the court under this section.

(2)An application under subsection (1) must be made—

(a)within 42 days from the date of service on the licence holder of a notice under section 30A(5), or

(b)where the application relates to a decision of the Authority on an application by the licence holder under section 30A(6), within 42 days from the date the licence holder is notified of the decision.

(3)On any such application, where the court considers it appropriate to do so in all the circumstances of the case and is satisfied of one or more of the grounds falling within subsection (4), the court—

(a)may quash the penalty;

(b)may substitute a penalty of such lesser amount as the court considers appropriate in all the circumstances of the case; or

(c)in the case of an application under subsection (1)(c), may substitute for the date or dates imposed by the Authority an alternative date or dates.

(4)The grounds falling within this subsection are—

(a)that the imposition of the penalty was not within the power of the Authority under section 30A;

(b)that any of the requirements of subsections (3) to (5) or (7) of section 30A have not been complied with in relation to the imposition of the penalty and the interests of the licence holder have been substantially prejudiced by the non-compliance; or

(c)that it was unreasonable of the Authority to require the penalty imposed, or any portion of it, to be paid by the date or dates by which it was required to be paid.

(5)If an application is made under this section in relation to a penalty, the penalty is not required to be paid until the application has been determined.

(6)Where the court substitutes a penalty of a lesser amount it may require the payment of interest on the substituted penalty at such rate, and from such date, as it considers just and equitable.

(7)Where the court specifies as a date by which the penalty, or a portion of the penalty, is to be paid a date before the determination of the application under this section it may require the payment of interest on the penalty, or portion, from that date at such rate as it considers just and equitable.

(8)Except as provided by this section, the validity of a penalty shall not be questioned by any legal proceedings whatever.

(9)In this section “the court” means—

(a)in relation to England and Wales, the High Court; and

(b)in relation to Scotland, the Court of Session.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F206Ss. 30A-30F inserted (20.12.2000 for specified purposes otherwise 1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 95(1); S.I. 2000/3343, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-15); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

[F20730F Recovery of penalties.E+W+S

Where a penalty imposed under section 30A(1), or any portion of it, has not been paid by the date on which it is required to be paid and—

(a)no application relating to the penalty has been made under section 30E during the period within which such an application can be made, or

(b)an application has been made under that section and determined,

the Authority may recover from the licence holder, as a civil debt due to it, any of the penalty and any interest which has not been paid.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F207Ss. 30A-30F inserted (20.12.2000 for specified purposes otherwise 1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 95(1); S.I. 2000/3343, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-15); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

Investigation of complaints etc.E+W+S

F20831. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F208S. 31 repealed (7.11.2000) by 2000 c. 27, ss. 22(3), 108, Sch. 8 (with Sch. 7 para. 31); S.I. 2000/2974, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-12)

[F20932 Consumer complaints.E+W+S

(1)This section applies to a complaint which any customer or potential customer of, or user of gas supplied by, an authorised supplier (“the complainant”) has in his capacity as such against—

(a)the supplier, in respect of any matter connected with the services provided by him in the course of carrying on regulated activities; or

(b)any other person authorised by a licence or exemption, in respect of any matter affecting those services which is connected with the carrying on by that other person of regulated activities.

(2)Where a complaint to which this section applies (other than one appearing to it to be frivolous or vexatious) is referred to the Council by or on behalf of the complainant, the Council shall (subject to subsection (5)) investigate the complaint for the purpose of determining whether it is appropriate to take any action under subsection (6).

(3)Where it appears to the Council that the complaint relates to a matter in respect of which any enforcement function is or may be exercisable the Council shall (unless it considers that the Authority already has notice of that matter) inform the Authority of the matter.

(4)Where it appears to the Council that the complaint relates to a matter which constitutes a dispute of a kind which can be referred to the Authority under any provision of this Act, the Council shall inform the complainant that he may have the right to refer the dispute to the Authority.

(5)The Council is not required by this section—

(a)to investigate a complaint, until the complainant has taken such steps as appear to the Council to be reasonable for him to take for the purpose of giving the person against whom the complaint is made a reasonable opportunity to deal with the complaint;

(b)to investigate any matter to which subsection (3) applies, until the Authority has had a reasonable opportunity to exercise any enforcement function in respect of that matter; and

(c)to investigate any matter constituting a dispute which has been referred to the Authority under any provision of this Act.

(6)Where it appears to the Council to be appropriate to do so with a view to assisting in reaching a satisfactory resolution of a complaint referred to it under this section, the Council shall make representations on behalf of the complainant to the person against whom the complaint is made about anything to which the complaint relates.

(7)After investigating a complaint the Council may make a report to the Authority; and such a report may include information about—

(a)any representations made by the Council under subsection (6); and

(b)the response of the person against whom the complaint is made to the complaint or any such representations.

(8)No report under subsection (7), or information about a complaint referred to the Council under this section from which the complainant may be identified, shall be published or disclosed by the Council or the Authority in the exercise of any power under the Utilities Act 2000 or this Act, without the consent of the complainant.

(9)Where a representation made to the Authority about any matter (other than one appearing to it to be frivolous or vexatious) appears to the Authority—

(a)to be about a matter which is or amounts to a complaint to which this section applies; and

(b)to have been made by or on behalf of the complainant,

the Authority shall refer the complaint to the Council.

(10)In this section—

  • enforcement function” means a function under section 28 or 30A; and

  • regulated activities” means activities which are authorised or regulated by a licence or exemption.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F209S. 32 substituted (7.11.2000) by 2000 c. 27, s. 22(1); S.I. 2000/2974, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-12)

F21032A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F210S. 32A repealed (7.11.2000) by 2000 c. 27, ss. 22(3), 108, Sch. 8 (with Sch. 7 para. 31); S.I. 2000/2974, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-12)

[F21133 Power of Council to investigate other matters.E+W+S

(1)The Council may investigate any matter (not being a matter which it is its duty to investigate under this Part) which appears to it to be a matter relating to the interests of consumers in relation to gas conveyed through pipes.

(2)The power to undertake an investigation under this section includes, without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), power to investigate any matter relating to or to anything connected with gas fittings (or their use) or the use of gas supplied by authorised suppliers.

(3)In subsection (2), “gas fittings” means gas fittings used or intended to be used by persons supplied with gas by authorised suppliers.

(4)Where the Council has investigated a matter under this section it may make a report on that matter to the Authority, the Secretary of State, the Director General of Fair Trading or any other public authority whose functions appear to the Council to be exercisable in relation to that matter.

(5)Subject to subsection (6), the Council may—

(a)send a report on any matter investigated under this section to any person who appears to the Council to have an interest in that matter; and

(b)publish any such report in such manner as the Council thinks appropriate.

(6)Information which relates to the affairs of any particular individual or body of persons (corporate or unincorporate)—

(a)shall not be included in a report which is to be sent to any person under subsection (5)(a), unless one or more of paragraphs (a) to (c) of subsection (7) applies; and

(b)shall be excluded from any such report which is to be published under subsection (5)(b), unless one or more or paragraphs (a) to (c) of subsection (8) applies.

(7)Information relating to a particular individual or body may be included in a report to be sent under subsection (5)(a) if—

(a)that individual or body has consented to the disclosure;

(b)it is information that is available to the public from some other source; or

(c)it is not information the disclosure of which would or might, in the opinion of the Council, seriously and prejudicially affect the interests of that individual or body.

(8)Information relating to a particular individual or body may be included in a report to be published under subsection (5)(b) if—

(a)that individual or body has consented to the publication;

(b)it is information that is available to the public from some other source; or

(c)it is not information the publication of which would or might, in the opinion of the Council, seriously and prejudicially affect the interests of that individual or body.

(9)Before deciding to include in such a report any information relating to a particular individual or body in pursuance of subsection (7)(c) or (8)(c), the Council shall—

(a)consult that individual or body; and

(b)have regard to any opinion expressed by the Authority as to the application of subsection (7)(c) or (8)(c) to the information or as to the desirability or otherwise of its inclusion in the report;

and paragraph (b) applies whether the opinion is given in relation to the information itself or to information of a description which applies to that information.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F211S. 33 substituted (7.11.2000) by 2000 c. 27, s. 23(1) (with Sch. 7 para. 31); S.I. 2000/2974, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-12)

[F212 Standards of performance]E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F212Cross heading, ss. 33A and 33B inserted (1.7.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 11; Commencement Order No. 1 made on 29.5.1992, art. 3, Sch. Pt.I.

[F21333A Standards of performance in individual cases.E+W+S

[F214(1)The Authority may make regulations prescribing such standards of performance in connection with the activities of gas suppliers, so far as affecting customers or potential customers of theirs, as in the Authority’s opinion ought to be achieved in individual cases.

(2)Regulations under this section may only be made with the consent of the Secretary of State.]]

(3)Regulations under this section may—

(a)prescribe circumstances in which [F215gas suppliers] are to inform [F216customers or potential customers] of their rights under this section [F217or the rights under section 33AA];

(b)prescribe such standards of performance in relation to any duty arising under paragraph (a) above as, in the Director’s opinion, ought to be achieved in all cases;

(c)prescribe circumstances in which [F215gas suppliers] are to be exempted from any requirements of the regulations or this section; and

(d)[F218if the Director is of the opinion that the differences are such that no gas supplier would be unduly disadvantaged in competing with other gas suppliers,] make different provision with respect to different [F215gas suppliers].

(4)If a [F219gas supplier] fails to meet a prescribed standard, he shall make to any [F220customer or potential customer] who is affected by the failure [F221and is of a prescribed description]such compensation as may be determined by or under the regulations.

(5)The making of compensation under this section in respect of any failure to meet a prescribed standard shall not prejudice any other remedy which may be available in respect of the act or omission which constituted that failure.

F222(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F222(7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F222(8). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F222(9). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F223(10). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F223(11). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F213Cross heading, ss. 33A and 33B inserted (1.7.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 11; Commencement Order No. 1 made on 29.5.1992, art. 3, Sch. Pt. I.

F214S. 33A(1)(2) substituted (16.5.2001 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 13(a); S.I. 2001/1781, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-10); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F216Words in s. 33A(3)(s) substituted (16.5.2001 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 13(b); S.I. 2001/1781, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-10); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F217Words in s. 33A(3)(a) inserted (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 90(1)(a); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F220Words in s. 33A(4) substituted (16.5.2001 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 13(c); S.I. 2001/1781, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-10); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in art. 3-20)

F221Words in s. 33A(4) inserted (16.5.2001 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 13(c); S.I. 2001/1781, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-10); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F222S. 33A(6)-(9) repealed (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, ss. 90(1)(b), 108, Sch. 8; S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

[F22433AA Standards of performance in individual cases: gas transporters.E+W+S

(1)The Authority may make regulations prescribing such standards of performance in connection with the activities of gas transporters, so far as affecting customers or potential customers of gas suppliers, as in the Authority’s opinion ought to be achieved in individual cases.

(2)Regulations under this section may only be made with the consent of the Secretary of State.

(3)If a gas transporter fails to meet a prescribed standard, he shall make to any customer or potential customer of a gas supplier who is affected by the failure and is of a prescribed description such compensation as may be determined by or under the regulations.

(4)The regulations may—

(a)prescribe circumstances in which gas transporters are to inform customers or potential customers of gas suppliers of their rights under this section;

(b)prescribe such standards of performance in relation to any duty arising under paragraph (a) as, in the Authority’s opinion, ought to be achieved in all cases;

(c)make provision as to the manner in which compensation under this section is to be made;

(d)prescribe circumstances in which gas transporters are to be exempted from any requirements of the regulations or this section; and

(e)if the Authority is of the opinion that the differences are such that no gas transporter would be unduly disadvantaged in competing with other gas transporters, make different provision with respect to different gas transporters.

(5)Provision made under subsection (4)(c) may—

(a)require or permit compensation to be made on behalf of gas transporters by gas suppliers to customers or potential customers;

(b)require gas suppliers to provide services to gas transporters in connection with the making of compensation under this section.

(6)The making of compensation under this section in respect of any failure to meet a prescribed standard shall not prejudice any other remedy which may be available in respect of the act or omission which constituted that failure.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F224S. 33AA inserted (16.5.2001 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 90(2); S.I. 2001/1781, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-10); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

[F22533AB Standards of performance in individual cases: disputes.E+W+S

(1)Any dispute arising under section 33A or 33AA or regulations made under either of those sections—

(a)may be referred to the Authority by either party or, with the agreement of either party, by the Council; and

(b)on such a reference, shall be determined by order made by the Authority or, if it thinks fit, by such person (other than the Council) as may be prescribed.

(2)A person making an order under subsection (1) shall include in the order his reasons for reaching his decision with respect to the dispute.

(3)The practice and procedure to be followed in connection with any such determination shall be such as may be prescribed.

(4)An order under subsection (1) shall be final and shall be enforceable—

(a)in England and Wales, as if it were a judgment of a county court; and

(b)in Scotland, as if it were an extract registered decree arbitral bearing a warrant for execution issued by the sheriff.

(5)In this section “prescribed” means prescribed by regulations made by the Authority with the consent of the Secretary of State.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F225S. 33AB inserted (16.5.2001 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 90(2); S.I. 2001/1781, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-10); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

[F22633B Overall standards of performance.E+W+S

(1)The Director may from time to time—

(a)determine such standards of overall performance in connection with the provision of gas supply services by [F227gas suppliers]] as, in his opinion, ought to be achieved by them; and

(b)arrange for the publication, in such form and in such manner as he considers appropriate, of the standards so determined.

F228(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F229(3)Different standards may be determined for different gas suppliers if the Director is of the opinion that the differences are such that no gas supplier would be unduly disadvantaged in competing with other gas suppliers.

(3A)Standards may be determined either as respects the provision of gas supply services generally or as respects the provision of such services to customers of a particular class or description.]

(4)It shall be the duty of every [F230gas supplier] to conduct his business in such a way as can reasonably be expected to lead to his achieving the standards set under this section.

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Amendments (Textual)

F226Cross heading, ss. 33A and 33B inserted (1.7.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 11; Commencement Order No. 1 made on 29.5.1992, art. 3, Sch. Pt. I.

F228S. 33B(2) repealed (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 108, Sch. 8; S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

F229S. 33B(3)(3A) substituted for s. 33B(3) (1.3.1996) by 1995 c. 45, s. 10(1), Sch. 3 para. 35(3); S.I. 1996/218, art. 2

[F23133BA Overall standards of performance: gas transporters.E+W+S

(1)The Authority may from time to time—

(a)determine such standards of overall performance in connection with the activities of gas transporters as, in its opinion, ought to be achieved by them; and

(b)arrange for the publication, in such form and in such manner as he considers appropriate, of the standards so determined.

(2)Different standards may be determined for different gas transporters if the Authority is of the opinion that the differences are such that no gas transporter would be unduly disadvantaged in competing with other gas transporters.

(3)It shall be the duty of every gas transporter to conduct his business in such a way as can reasonably be expected to lead to his achieving the standards set under this section.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F231S. 33BA inserted (16.5.2001 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 91; S.I. 2001/1781, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-10); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

[F23233BAA Procedures for prescribing or determining standards of performance.E+W+S

(1)Before prescribing standards of performance in regulations under section 33A or 33AA, or determining standards of performance under section 33B or 33BA, the Authority shall—

(a)arrange for such research as the Authority considers appropriate with a view to discovering the views of a representative sample of persons likely to be affected and consider the results;

(b)publish a notice of its proposals in accordance with subsections (2) and (3) and consider any representations which are duly made in respect of those proposals; and

(c)consult the Council and other persons or bodies mentioned in subsection (4).

(2)The notice required by subsection (1)(b) is a notice—

(a)stating that the Authority proposes to prescribe or determine standards of performance and setting out the standards of performance proposed;

(b)stating the reasons why it proposes to prescribe or determine those standards of performance; and

(c)specifying the time (not being less than 28 days from the date of publication of the notice) within which representations with respect to the proposals may be made.

(3)A notice required by subsection (1)(b) shall be published in such manner as the Authority considers appropriate for the purpose of bringing it to the attention of those likely to be affected by the proposals.

(4)The persons or bodies to be consulted by the Authority under subsection (1)(c) are—

(a)gas suppliers (in the case of standards of performance under section 33A or 33B) or gas transporters and gas suppliers (in the case of standards of performance under section 33AA or 33BA); and

(b)persons or bodies appearing to the Authority to be representative of persons likely to be affected by the regulations or determination.

(5)The Authority shall make arrangements for securing that notices under subsection (1)(b), regulations under section 33A or 33AA and determinations under section 33B or 33BA are made available to the public by whatever means it considers appropriate.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F232s. 33BAA inserted (16.5.2001 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, s. 92; S.I. 2001/1781, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-10)); S.I. 2001/3266, arts. 1(2), 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

[F23333BC Promotion of the efficient use by consumers of gas.E+W+S

(1)The Secretary of State may by order impose—

(a)on each gas transporter (or each gas transporter of a specified description); and

(b)on each gas supplier (or each gas supplier of a specified description),

an obligation to achieve, within a specified period and in accordance with the order, the energy efficiency target to be determined by the Authority under the order for that transporter or supplier (and that obligation is referred to in this section as an “energy efficiency obligation”).

(2)In this section “energy efficiency target” means a target for the promotion of improvements in energy efficiency, that is to say, efficiency in the use by consumers of gas conveyed through pipes, electricity or any other source of energy which is specified in the order.

(3)An order under this section may specify criteria by reference to which the Authority is to determine energy efficiency targets for the gas transporters and gas suppliers on whom obligations are imposed by the order.

(4)The Secretary of State and the Authority shall carry out their respective functions under this section in the manner he or it considers is best calculated to ensure that no gas transporter is unduly disadvantaged in competing with other gas transporters and no gas supplier is unduly disadvantaged in competing with other gas suppliers.

(5)The order may make provision generally in relation to the energy efficiency obligations which it imposes, including in particular provision—

(a)as to the treatment of persons who become gas transporters or gas suppliers after the beginning of the period to which the order relates;

(b)as to the action which qualifies for the purpose of meeting the whole or any part of an energy efficiency target;

(c)as to the method by which improvements in energy efficiency attributable to any qualifying action are to be assessed;

(d)requiring transporters and suppliers to give to the Authority specified information, or information of a specified nature, about their proposals for complying with their energy efficiency obligations;

(e)requiring the Authority to determine—

(i)whether any proposed action qualifies for the purpose of achieving the whole or any part of a person’s energy efficiency target; and

(ii)if so, what improvement in energy efficiency is to be attributed for that purpose to the proposed action or to any result of that action specified in the determination; and

(f)requiring transporters or suppliers to produce to the Authority evidence of a specified kind demonstrating that they have complied with their energy efficiency obligations.

(6)The order may make provision authorising the Authority to require a transporter or supplier to provide it with specified information, or information of a specified nature, relating to—

(a)his proposals for complying with his energy efficiency obligation; or

(b)the question whether he has complied with that obligation.

(7)The order may make provision as to circumstances in which—

(a)a person’s energy efficiency target may be altered during the period to which the order relates;

(b)the whole or any part of a person’s energy efficiency target may be treated as having been achieved by action taken otherwise than by or on behalf of that person;

(c)any action taken before the period to which the order relates may be treated as qualifying action taken during that period;

(d)the whole or any part of a person’s energy efficiency target may be transferred to another gas transporter or gas supplier or to an electricity distributor or electricity supplier (within the meaning of Part I of the M20Electricity Act 1989); or

(e)a person may carry forward the whole or any part of his energy efficiency target for the period to which the order relates to a subsequent period.

(8)The order may—

(a)provide for exceptions from any requirement of the order;

(b)provide that any specified requirement contained in it is to be treated as a relevant requirement for the purposes of this Part;

(c)make supplementary, incidental and transitional provision; and

(d)subject to subsection (4), make different provision for different cases (including different provision in relation to different transporters or suppliers).

(9)The order may include provision for treating the promotion of the supply to premises of—

(a)electricity generated by a generating station which is operated for the purposes of producing heat, or a cooling effect, in association with electricity;

(b)heat produced in association with electricity or steam produced from (or air or water heated by) such heat; or

(c)any gas or liquid subjected to a cooling effect produced in association with electricity,

as promotion of improvements in energy efficiency.

(10)No person shall be required by virtue of this section to provide any information which he could not be compelled to give in evidence in civil proceedings in the High Court or, in Scotland, the Court of Session.

(11)Before making an order under this section the Secretary of State shall consult the Authority, the Council, gas transporters and gas suppliers and such other persons as he considers appropriate.

(12)An order under this section shall not be made unless a draft of the instrument containing it has been laid before, and approved by a resolution of, each House of Parliament.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F233S. 33BC substituted (1.10.2001) for s. 33BB by 2000 c. 27, s. 99; S.I. 2001/3266, art. 2, Sch. (subject to transitional provisions in arts. 3-20)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C27Definition of

energy efficiency target

in s. 33BC(2) modified (15.12.2001) by S.I. 2001/4011, art. 5

Marginal Citations

F23433BB. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F23533CInformation with respect to levels of performance.E+W+S

(1)The Director shall from time to time collect information with respect to—

(a)the compensation made by [F236gas suppliers]] under section 33A above;

(b)the levels of overall performance achieved by [F236gas suppliers] in connection with the provision of gas supply services; F237. . .

F237(c). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F238(1A)The Authority shall from time to time collect information with respect to—

(a)the compensation made by gas transporters under section 33AA;

(b)the levels of overall performance achieved by gas transporters.]

(2)At such times as the Director may direct, each [F239gas supplier] shall give the following information to the Director—

(a)as respects each standard prescribed by regulations under section 33A above, the number of cases in which compensation was made and the aggregate amount or value of that compensation; and

(b)as respects each standard determined under [F240section 33B F241. . ., ]such information with respect to the level of performance achieved by the supplier as [F242the Authority may direct].

[F243(2A)At such times as the Authority may direct, each gas transporter shall give the following information to the Authority—

(a)as respects each standard prescribed by regulations under section 33AA, the number of cases in which compensation was made and the aggregate amount or value of that compensation; and

(b)as respects each standard determined under section 33BA, such information with respect to the level of performance achieved by the transporter as the Authority may direct.]

(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F244(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F244(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F235S. 33C inserted (1.7.1992) by Competition and Service (Utilities) Act 1992 (c. 43), s. 12; Commencement Order No. 1 made on 29.5.1992, art. 3, Sch. Pt. I.

F237s. 33C(1)(c) and word “and”immediately preceding it repealed (1.10.2001) by 2000 c. 27, ss. 93(2), 108, Sch. 8; <