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Value Added Tax Act 1983 (repealed 1.9.1994)

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  1. Introductory Text

  2. Imposition and extent of tax

    1. 1. Value added tax.

    2. 2. Scope of tax.

    3. 2A. Scope of tax on acquisitions.

    4. 2B. Scope of tax on imports.

    5. 2C. Taxable persons.

  3. Supply

    1. 3. Meaning of “supply": alteration by Treasury order.

    2. 4. Time of supply.

    3. 5. Further provisions relating to time of supply.

    4. 6. Place of supply.

    5. 7. Reverse charge on supplies received from abroad.

    6. 8. Place where supplier or recipient of services belongs.

  4. Acquisitions of goods from other member States

    1. 8A. Meaning of acquisition of goods from another member State.

    2. 8B. Time of acquisition.

    3. 8C. Place of acquisition.

    4. 8D. Acquisitions from persons belonging in other member States.

  5. Rate of tax and determination of value

    1. 9. Rate of tax.

    2. 10. Value of supply of goods or services.

    3. 10A. Valuation of acquisitions from other member States.

    4. 11. Value of imported goods.

    5. 12. Value of certain goods.

    6. 13. Gaming machines.

  6. Credit for input tax against output tax

    1. 14. Credit for input tax against output tax.

    2. 15. Input tax allowable under section 14.

  7. Reliefs

    1. 16. Zero-rating.

    2. 17. Exemptions.

    3. 18. Relief on supply of certain second-hand goods.

    4. 19. Relief from tax on importation of goods.

  8. Refunds

    1. 20. Refund of tax in certain cases.

    2. 20A. Refunds in relation to new means of transport supplied to other member States.

    3. 21. Refund of tax to persons constructing certain buildings.

    4. 22.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  9. Repayment

    1. 23. Repayment of tax to those in business overseas.

  10. Further provisions as to importation of goods

    1. 24. Application of customs enactments.

    2. 25. Importation of goods by taxable persons.

    3. 26. Goods imported for private purposes.

  11. Special cases

    1. 27. Application to Crown.

    2. 28. Local authorities.

    3. 29. Groups of companies.

    4. 29A. Supplies to groups.

    5. 30. Partnerships.

    6. 31. Business carried on in divisions or by unincorporated bodies, personal representatives, etc.

    7. 32. Agents, etc.

    8. 32A. Tax representatives.

    9. 32B. Overseas suppliers accounting through their customers.

    10. 33. Transfers of going concerns.

    11. 34. Terminal markets.

    12. 35. Goods subject to a warehousing regime.

    13. 35A. Buildings and land.

    14. 36. Capital goods.

    15. 37. Trading stamp schemes.

    16. 37A. Tour operators.

    17. 37B. Special treatment for persons involved in farming etc.

    18. 37C. Customers to account for tax on supplies of gold etc.

  12. General

    1. 38. Administration, collection and enforcement.

    2. 38A. Interest in certain cases of official error.

    3. 38B. Interest: general treatment.

    4. 38C. Payments on account.

    5. 39. Offences and penalties.

    6. 40. Appeals.

    7. 41. Supplies spanning change of rate, etc.

    8. 42. Adjustment of contracts on changes in tax.

    9. 43. Failure of resolution under Provisional Collection of Taxes Act 1968.

    10. 44. Disclosure of information for statistical purposes.

  13. Supplemental

    1. 45. Orders, rules and regulations.

    2. 46. Service of notices.

    3. 46A. Taxation under the laws of other member States etc.

    4. 46B. Territories included in references to other member States etc.

    5. 47. Meaning of “business", etc.

    6. 47A. Meaning of “new means of transport".

    7. 48. Interpretation.

    8. 49. Refund of tax to Government of Northern Ireland.

    9. 50. Consequential, transitional and saving provisions and repeals.

    10. 51. Short title, commencement and extent.

  14. SCHEDULES

    1. SCHEDULE 1

      Registration

      1. Liability to be registered

        1. 1.(1) Subject to sub-paragraphs (3) to (5) below, a person...

        2. 1A.(1) Without prejudice to paragraph 1 above, if the Commissioners...

        3. 1B.A person who has become liable to be registered under...

        4. 2.(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2) below, a person who has...

      2. Notification of liability and registration

        1. 3.(1) A person who becomes liable to be registered by...

        2. 4.(1) A person who becomes liable to be registered by...

        3. 4A.(1) A person who becomes liable to be registered by...

        4. 4B.Where a person becomes liable to be registered by virtue...

      3. Entitlement to be registered

        1. 5.Where a person who is not liable to be registered...

        2. 5A.(1) Where a person who is not liable to be...

        3. 6.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      4. Notification of end of liability or entitlement etc.

        1. 7.A person registered under paragraph 3, 4 or 5 above...

        2. 7A.A person registered under paragraph 5A above who-

        3. 8.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      5. Cancellation of registration

        1. 8A.(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (1A) belowwhere a registered person satisfies...

        2. 9.(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (1A) below where the Commissioners are...

        3. 10.Where the Commissioners are satisfied that on the day on...

      6. Exemption from registration

        1. 11.(1) Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this Schedule, where a...

      7. Power to vary specified sums by order

        1. 12.The Treasury may by order substitute for any of the...

      8. Supplementary

        1. 13.The value of a supply of goods or services shall...

        2. 14.Any notification required under this Schedule shall be made in...

        3. 15.. . . References in this Schedule to supplies are...

    2. SCHEDULE 1A

      Registration in respect of Supplies from other member States

      1. Liability to be registered

        1. 1.(1) A person who— (a) is not registered under this...

        2. 2.(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2) below, a person who has...

      2. Notification of liability and registration

        1. 3.(1) A person who becomes liable to be registered under...

      3. Request to be registered

        1. 4.(1) Where a person who is not liable to be...

      4. Notification of matters affecting continuance of registration

        1. 5.(1) Any person registered under this Schedule who ceases to...

      5. Cancellation of registration

        1. 6.(1) Subject to paragraph 7 below, where a person registered...

      6. Conditions of cancellation

        1. 7.(1) The Commissioners shall not, under paragraph 6(1) above, cancel...

      7. Power to vary specified sums by order

        1. 8.The Treasury may by order substitute for any of the...

      8. Supplementary

        1. 9.Any notification required under this Schedule shall be made in...

        2. 10.For the purposes of this Schedule a supply of goods...

    3. SCHEDULE 1B

      Registration in respect of Acquisitions from other member States

      1. Liability to be registered

        1. 1.(1) A person who— (a) is not registered under this...

        2. 2.(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2) below, a person who has...

      2. Notification of liability and registration

        1. 3.(1) A person who becomes liable to be registered under...

      3. Entitlement to be registered etc.

        1. 4.(1) Where a person who is not liable to be...

      4. Notification of matters affecting continuance of registration

        1. 5.(1) Any person registered under this Schedule who ceases to...

      5. Cancellation of registration

        1. 6.(1) Subject to paragraph 7 below, where a person registered...

      6. Conditions of cancellation

        1. 7.(1) The Commissioners shall not, under paragraph 6(1) above, cancel...

      7. Exemption from registration

        1. 8.(1) Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this Schedule, where a...

      8. Power to vary specified sums by order

        1. 9.The Treasury may by order substitute for any of the...

      9. Supplementary

        1. 10.Any notification required under this Schedule shall be made in...

        2. 11.For the purposes of this Schedule an acquisition of goods...

    4. SCHEDULE 2

      Matters to be Treated as Supply of Goods or Services

      1. 1.(1) Any transfer of the whole property in goods is...

      2. 2.Where a person produces goods by applying to another person’s...

      3. 3.The supply of any form of power, heat, refrigeration or...

      4. 4.The grant, assignment or surrender of a major interest in...

      5. 5.(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2) below, where goods forming part...

      6. 5A.(1) Where, in a case not falling within paragraph 5(1)...

      7. 6.Where in the case of a business carried on by...

      8. 7.(1) Where a person ceases to be a taxable person,...

      9. 8.(1) Subject to sub-paragraphs (2) and (3) below, paragraphs 5...

    5. SCHEDULE 3

      Services Supplied Where Received

      1. 1.Transfers and assignments of copyright, patents, licences, trademarks and similar...

      2. 2.Advertising services.

      3. 3.Services of consultants, engineers, consultancy bureaux, lawyers, accountants and other...

      4. 4.Acceptance of any obligation to refrain from pursuing or exercising,...

      5. 5.Banking, financial and insurance services (including reinsurance, but not including...

      6. 6.The supply of staff.

      7. 6A.The letting on hire of goods other than means of...

      8. 7.The services rendered by one person to another in procuring...

      9. 8.Any services not of a description specified in paragraphs 1...

    6. SCHEDULE 4

      Valuation—Special Cases

      1. 1.(1) Where— (a) the value of a supply made by...

      2. 2.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      3. 3.Where— (a) the whole or part of a business carried...

      4. 3A.(1) Where— (a) any goods whose supply involves their removal...

      5. 4.(1) Where goods or services are supplied for a consideration...

      6. 5.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      7. 6.Where a right to receive goods or services for an...

      8. 7.(1) Where there is a supply of goods by virtue...

      9. 8.Where there is a supply of services by virtue of—...

      10. 8A.Where any supply of services is treated by virtue of...

      11. 9.(1) This paragraph applies where a supply of services consists...

      12. 10.(1) This paragraph applies to a supply of goods or...

      13. 11.(1) Subject to the following provisions of this paragraph, where—...

      14. 12.Regulations may require that in prescribed circumstances there is to...

      15. 13.A direction under paragraph 1 . . . or 3...

    7. SCHEDULE 4A

      Valuation of Acquisitions from other member States - Special Cases

      1. 1.(1) Where, in the case of the acquisition of any...

      2. 2.(1) Where, in such cases as the Commissioners may by...

      3. 3.(1) Where goods are acquired from another member State in...

      4. 4.(1) Subject to the following provisions of this paragraph, where—...

      5. 5.In this Schedule— “ relevant transaction ”, in relation to...

    8. SCHEDULE 5

      Zero-Rating

      1. Group 1—Food

        1. The supply of anything comprised in the general items set...

        2. General items

          1. Item No. 1. Food of kind used for human consumption....

        3. Excepted items

          1. Item No. 1. Ice cream, ice lollies, frozen yogurt, water...

        4. Items overriding the exceptions

          1. Item No. 1. Yogurt unsuitable for immediate consumption when frozen....

          2. Notes:

          3. “Food” includes drink. “Animal” includes bird, fish, crustacean and mollusc....

      2. Group 3—Books, etc.

        1. Item No. 1. Books, booklets, brochures, pamphlets and leaflets. 2....

        2. Note: Items 1 to 6—

        3. (a) do not include plans or drawings for industrial, architectural,...

        4. (b) include the supply of the services described in paragraph...

      3. Group 5

      4. Group 6

      5. Group 10—Transport

        1. Item No.

        2. 11.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

        3. 12.The supply— (a) of services consisting of the handling or...

        4. 13.The supply of a designated travel service to be enjoyed...

        5. 14.Intra-Community transport services supplied in connection with the transport of...

        6. Notes: In items 1 and 2 the supply of a...

      6. Group 14—Drugs, Medicines, Aids for the Handicapped, etc.

        1. Item No.

        2. 10A.The supply to a charity of a service of providing,...

        3. 10B.The supply to a charity of a service of providing,...

        4. 12A.The sale of a motor vehicle which had been let...

        5. 13.The supply to a handicapped person of services necessarily performed...

        6. 14.The supply to a charity providing a permanent or temporary...

        7. 15.The supply of goods in connection with a supply described...

        8. 16.The supply to a handicapped person for domestic or his...

        9. 17.The supply of services necessarily performed by a control centre...

      7. Group 15—Imports, Exports, etc.

        1. Item No.

        2. 2.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      8. Group 15A—TAX FREE SHOPS

        1. Item No.

        2. 1.The supply, by a person in the course of carrying...

        3. Notes:

    9. SCHEDULE 6

      Exemptions

      1. Group 1—Land

        1. Item No.

        2. 1.The grant of any interest in or right over land...

      2. Group 2—Insurance

        1. Item No.

        2. 1.The provision of insurance and reinsurance by—

        3. 2.The provision of insurance and reinsurance by the Export Credits...

        4. 3.The making of arrangements for the provision of any insurance...

        5. 4.The handling of insurance claims by insurance brokers, insurance agents...

      3. Group 3—Postal Services

        1. Item No.

        2. 1.The conveyance of postal packets by the Post Office.

        3. 2.The supply by the Post Office of any services in...

      4. Group 4—Betting, Gaming and Lotteries

        1. Item No.

        2. 1.The provision of any facilities for the placing of bets...

        3. 2.The granting of a right to take part in a...

      5. Group 5—Finance

        1. Item No.

        2. 1.The issue, transfer or receipt of, or any dealing with,...

        3. 2.The making of any advance or the granting of any...

        4. 3.The provision of the facility of instalment credit finance in...

        5. 4.The provision of administrative arrangements and documentation and the transfer...

        6. 5.The making of arrangements for any transaction comprised in item...

        7. 6.The issue, transfer or receipt of, or any dealing with,...

        8. 6A.The making of arrangements for or the underwriting of any...

        9. 8.The management of an authorised unit trust scheme or of...

      6. Group 7—Health AND WELFARE

        1. Item No.

        2. 1.The supply of services by a person registered or enrolled...

        3. 2.The supply of any services or dental prostheses by-

        4. 3.The supply of any services by a person registered in...

        5. 4.The provision of care or medical or surgical treatment and,...

        6. 5.The provision of a deputy for a person registered in...

        7. 6.Human blood.

        8. 8.Human (including foetal) organs or tissue for diagnostic or therapeutic...

        9. 9.The supply, otherwise than for profit, by a charity or...

        10. 10.The supply, otherwise than for profit, of goods and services...

        11. 11.The supply of transport services for sick or injured persons...

      7. Group 8—Burial and Cremation

        1. Item No.

        2. 1.The disposal of the remains of the dead.

        3. 2.The making of arrangements for or in connection with the...

      8. Group 9—Trade Unions and Professional Bodies

        1. Item No.

        2. 1.The supply to its members of such services and, in...

      9. Group 10— sports,Sports Competitions and physical education

        1. Item No.

        2. 1.The grant of a right to enter a competition in...

        3. 2.The grant, by a non-profit-making body established for the purposes...

        4. 3.The supply by a non-profit making body to an individual,...

        5. Notes: Item 3 does not include the supply of any...

      10. Group 11—Works of Art, etc.

        1. Item No.

        2. 1.The disposal of an object with respect to which estate...

        3. 2.The disposal of an object with respect to which capital...

        4. 3.The disposal of property with respect to which capital transfer...

        5. 4.The disposal of an asset in a case in which...

      11. Group 12—Fund-Raising Events by Charities and Other Qualifying Bodies

        1. Item No.

        2. 1.The supply of goods and services by a charity in...

        3. 2.The supply of goods and services by a qualifying body...

    10. SCHEDULE 6A

      Buildings and Land

      1. Residential and charitable buildings: change of use etc.

        1. 1.(1) In this paragraph “relevant zero-rated supply” means a grant...

      2. Election to waive exemption

        1. 2.(1) Subject to sub-paragraphs (2) and (3) and paragraph 3...

        2. 3.(1) An election under paragraph 2 above shall have effect—...

        3. 4.(1) This paragraph has effect where rent is payable in...

      3. Developers of certain non-residential buildings etc.

        1. 5.(1) Paragraph 6 below shall apply on the first occasion...

        2. 6.(1) Where this paragraph applies the interest in, right over...

      4. General

        1. 7.(1) Where the benefit of the consideration for the grant...

        2. 8.The Notes to Group 8 of Schedule 5 to this...

    11. SCHEDULE 7

      Administration, Collection and Enforcement

      1. General

        1. 1.(1) The tax shall be under the care and management...

      2. Accounting for and payment of tax

        1. 2.(1) Regulations under this paragraph may require the keeping of...

      3. Production of tax invoices by computer

        1. 3.(1) For the purposes of any provision contained in or...

      4. Power of Commissioners to assess tax due

        1. 4.(1) Where a person has failed to make any returns...

      5. Assessment of tax on acquisitions of certain goods by non-taxable persons

        1. 4A.(1) Where a person who has, at a time when...

      6. Power to require security and production of evidence

        1. 5.(1) The Commissioners may, as a condition of allowing or...

      7. Recovery of tax, etc.

        1. 6.(1) Tax due from any person shall be recoverable as...

      8. Duty to keep records

        1. 7.(1) Every taxable person shall keep such records as the...

      9. Furnishing of information and production of documents

        1. 8.(1) The Commissioners may by regulations make provision for requiring...

      10. Power to take samples

        1. 9.(1) An authorised person, if it appears to him necessary...

      11. Power to require opening of gaming machines

        1. 9A.An authorised person may at any reasonable time require a...

      12. Entry and search of premises and persons

        1. 10.(1) For the purpose of exercising any powers under this...

      13. Order for access to recorded information, etc.

        1. 10A.(1) Where, on an application by an authorised person, a...

      14. Procedure where documents etc. are removed

        1. 10B.(1) An authorised person who removes anything in the exercise...

        2. 10C.(1) Where, on an application made as mentioned in sub-paragraph...

      15. Evidence by certificate, etc.

        1. 11.(1) A certificate of the Commissioners— (a) that a person...

      16. Priority of tax in bankruptcy, winding up, etc.

        1. 12.(1) There shall be included among the debts which—

    12. SCHEDULE 8

      Constitution and Procedure of Value Added Tax Tribunals

      1. Establishment of value added tax tribunals

        1. 1.There shall continue to be value added tax tribunals for...

      2. The President

        1. 2.(1) There shall continue to be a President of Value...

        2. 3.(1) The President may resign his office at any time...

      3. Sittings of tribunals

        1. 4.Such number of value added tax tribunals shall be established...

      4. Composition of tribunals

        1. 5.(1) A value added tax tribunal shall consist of a...

      5. Membership of tribunals

        1. 6.For each sitting of a value added tax tribunal the...

        2. 7.(1) There shall be a panel of chairmen and a...

      6. Exemption from jury service

        1. 8.No member of a value added tax tribunal shall be...

      7. Rules of procedure

        1. 9.The Commissioners may make rules with respect to the procedure...

        2. 10.(1) A person who fails to comply with a direction...

    13. SCHEDULE 9

      Consequential Amendments

      1. 1.In section 1(1) of the Provisional Collection of Taxes Act...

      2. 2.In section 6(1) of the Vehicles (Excise) Act 1971 for...

      3. 3.In the Isle of Man Act 1979—

    14. SCHEDULE 10

      Savings and Transitional Provisions

      1. 1.Where any period of time specified in an enactment repealed...

      2. 2.Any provision of this Act relating to anything done or...

      3. 3.Where an offence for the continuation of which a penalty...

      4. 4.(1) Tax shall not be charged on any supply or...

      5. 5.Notwithstanding the repeal by this Act of sections 5 and...

      6. 6.Where a vehicle in respect of which purchase tax was...

      7. 7.Sections 252 and 254 of the Local Government Act 1972...

      8. 8.The repeal by this Act of section 6(4) of the...

      9. 9.Where there were in force immediately before 21st April 1975...

      10. 10.Section 26 of this Act applies where goods are imported...

      11. 11.Section 17(2)(a) of the Interpretation Act 1978 shall apply in...

      12. 12.Anything begun before 1st January 1978 under any provision of...

      13. 13.Any reference in this Act to things done, suffered or...

      14. 14.Any Treasury order or Commissioners’ regulations made before 1st January...

      15. 15.References in any documents to provisions of Part I of...

      16. 16.Section 22 of this Act does not apply where the...

      17. 17.Sub-paragraphs (2) and (3) of paragraph 4 of Schedule 7...

      18. 18.Nothing in paragraph 3 of Schedule 9 to this Act...

    15. SCHEDULE 11

      Repeals

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