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Education (Scotland) Act 1980

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Education (Scotland) Act 1980, Section 135 is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 27 June 2019. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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135 Interpretation.S

(1)In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,—

  • [F1additional support needs” and references to any child or young person having such needs shall be construed in accordance with section 1(1) of the Education (Additional Support for Learning) (Scotland) Act 2004 (asp 4);]

  • the M1Act of 1882” means the Educational Endowments (Scotland) Act 1882;

  • the M2Act of 1918” means the Education (Scotland) Act 1918;

  • the Acts of 1928 to 1935” means the Educational Endowments (Scotland) Acts 1928 to 1935;

  • the Act of 1937” means the M3Children and Young Persons (Scotland) Act 1937;

  • the M4Act of 1946” means the Education (Scotland) Act 1946;

  • the M5Act of 1962” means the Education (Scotland) Act 1962;

  • attendance order” has the meaning assigned to it by section 38 of this Act;

  • [F2barred from regulated work with children” has the meaning given by section 98A(6) of this Act;]

  • F3...

  • central institution” means an educational establishment for the provision of further education recognised as a central institution by regulations made by the Secretary of State;

  • child” means a person who is not over school age;

  • clothing” includes boots and other footwear;

  • F4. . .

  • dental examination” means examination by a registered dentist, so however that in conducting an examination of any such class as may be prescribed, such dentist may be assisted by other persons having such special qualifications or experience as may be prescribed;

  • dental inspection” and “dental supervision” mean, respectively, inspection and supervision by a registered dentist;

  • dental treatment” includes prevention and treatment of dental diseases by or (so far as permitted by law) under the direction of any registered dentist, and the supply of appliances on the recommendation of such dentist, but does not, in relation to any pupil other than a pupil receiving school education elsewhere than at a school under arrangements made by an education authority under section 14 of this Act, include treatment in that pupil’s home;

  • [F5early learning and childcare” has the same meaning as in Part 6 of the Children and Young People (Scotland) Act 2014;]

  • F6...

  • education authority” means a [F7council constituted under section 2 of the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994], and “area” in relation to an education authority shall be construed accordingly;

  • educational establishment”—

    (i)

    means a school F8 and any F9 institution for the provision of any form of further education and the premises of such school, F8 or institution, and

    (ii)

    without prejudice to the foregoing generality, includes [F10a designated institution within the meaning of Part II of the Further and Higher Education (Scotland) Act 1992,] a central institution, F11. . . a hostel used mainly by pupils attending such schools F8 or institutions, and a residential institution conducted under a scheme under the Acts of 1928 to 1935, Part VI of the Act of 1946, Part VI of the Act of 1962 or Part VI of this Act, but

    (iii)

    does not include a university, a theological college, a hostel or other residence used exclusively by students attending a university or a theological college, or a club or other centre conducted by a voluntary society or body for the purpose of providing facilities for social, cultural or recreative activities or for physical education or training unless the society or body are in receipt of a grant from the Secretary of State or of a contribution from an education authority or have obtained the consent of the Secretary of State to the club or centre being treated in all respects as an educational establishment;

  • employment” includes employment in any labour exercised by way of trade or for purposes of gain whether the gain be to the child or to the young person or to any other person, and a person who assists in a trade or occupation carried on for profit shall be deemed to be employed notwithstanding that he receives no reward for his labour; and “employ” shall be construed accordingly;

  • employer” includes a parent who employs his children;

  • enactment” includes an order, regulation, rule or other instrument having effect by virtue of an Act;

  • [F12enforcement direction” means a direction under section 66D(1) of this Act;]

  • functions” includes powers and duties;

  • further education” includes the forms of instruction, occupation and teaching described in section 1(5)(b) of this Act;

  • grant-aided school” means a school in respect of which grants are made by the Secretary of State to the managers of the school other than [F13(a)] grants in aid of the employers’ contributions provided for in Teachers (Superannuation) Regulations, [F14and (b) sums paid under a scheme under section 75A of this Act, or by virtue of section 75B of this Act,] but does not include a public school F3[F15... or a technology academy (within the meaning of the Self-Governing Schools etc. (Scotland) Act 1989)];

  • Health Board” means a Health Board constituted under section 2 of the M6National Health Service (Scotland) Act 1978;

  • independent school” means a school at which full-time education is provided for F16... pupils of school age (whether or not such education is also provided for pupils under or over that age), not being a public school [F17or a grant-aided school];

  • Her Majesty’s inspectors” means the inspectors of schools appointed by Her Majesty F18. . .;

  • F19managers”, in relation to an educational establishment, means the governing body, trustees, or other person or body of persons responsible for the management of the establishment but does not include an education authority;

  • medical examination” means examination by a registered medical practitioner: Provided that in conducting an examination of any such class as may be prescribed, such practitioner may be assisted by other persons having such special qualifications or experience as may be prescribed;

  • medical inspection” and “medical supervision” mean, respectively, inspection and supervision by or under the directions of a registered medical practitioner;

  • medical treatment” includes prevention and treatment of diseases by any registered medical practitioner, and the supply of appliances on the recommendation of such practitioner, but does not, in relation to any pupil other than a pupil receiving school education elsewhere than at school under arrangements made by an education authority under section 14 of this Act, include treatment in that pupil’s home;

  • [F20“nursery schools” and “nursery classes” are schools and classes which provide early learning and childcare;]

  • officers” includes servants;

  • parent” includes guardian and any person who is liable to maintain or has [F21parental responsibilities (within the meaning of section 1(3) of the Children (Scotland) Act 1995) in relation to, or has care of] a child or young person;

  • [F22placing request” has the meaning assigned to it by section 28A(1) of this Act;]

  • [F23preliminary notice” means a notice under section 66C(1) of this Act;]

  • premises” in relation to any educational establishment includes the site of such establishment, any building in which pupils attending such establishments are boarded whether managed by the managers of such establishment or by any other person by arrangement with such managers, and any playing fields used in connection with such establishment whether contiguous to or detached therefrom;

  • prescribed” means prescribed by the Secretary of State;

  • proprietor” in relation to an independent school means the managers of such school, and for the purposes of the provisions of this Act relating to applications for the registration of independent schools includes any person or body of persons proposing to be the managers;

  • F24...

  • F25...

  • public school” means any school under the management of an education authority;

  • “pupil”, where used without qualification, means a person of any age for whom education is or is required to be provided under this Act; and a pupil shall be deemed to be attending or in attendance at a school if he is shown by the register of admission and withdrawal kept at the school in accordance with regulations made under this Act, or by any other register approved by the Secretary of State and kept for a similar purpose, to have been admitted to, but not to have been withdrawn from, or to have been readmitted to, and not thereafter to have been withdrawn from, the school; and similar expressions, whether relating to schools or to other educational establishments, shall be similarly interpreted;

  • F25...

  • registered school” means an independent school [F26which is registered] in the register of independent schools F24...;

  • registered teacher” means a teacher registered under the M7[F27Public Services Reform (General Teaching Council for Scotland) Order 2011];

  • F28. . .

  • F29...

  • school” means an institution for the provision of primary or secondary education or both primary and secondary education being a public school, a grant-aided school F3... or an independent school, and includes a nursery school and a special school; and the expression “school” where used without qualification includes any such school or all such schools as the context may require F30;

  • school age” shall be construed in accordance with section 31 of this Act;

  • F31...

  • school education” has the meaning assigned to it by section 1(5)(a) of this Act;

  • F3...

  • F25...

  • F32[F33special school[F34has the meaning given in section 29(1) of the Education (Additional Support for Learning) (Scotland) Act 2004 (asp 4)]]

  • [F22specified school” has the meaning assigned to it by section 28A(1) and (2) of this Act;]

  • F29...

  • teachers’ superannuation regulations” means regulations made under section 9 of the M8Superannuation Act 1972;

  • young person” means a person over school age who has not attained the age of eighteen years.

(2)Any reference in any enactment or other instrument (including this Act and, unless the contrary intention appears, any enactment or other instrument passed or made after the commencement of this Act) to—

(a)primary education shall be construed as a reference to school education of a kind [F35(i)] which is appropriate in the ordinary case to the requirements of pupils who have not attained the age of twelve years; [F36; and (ii) which is, in the case of a pupil [F37having additional support needs], within the provision made for the purpose of meeting [F38those needs] until he is transferred to the stage of secondary education;]

(b)secondary education shall be construed as a reference to school education of a kind [F39(i)] which is appropriate in the ordinary case to the requirements of pupils who have attained that age; [F40; and (ii) which is, in the case of a pupil [F41having additional support needs], within the provision made for the purpose of meeting [F42those needs] until he ceases to be of school age or to receive school education, whichever is the later.]

and any reference in any such enactment or other instrument as aforesaid to primary or secondary schools or departments or classes shall be construed accordingly.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F4In s. 135(1) definition of 'college of education' repealed (16.5.1992) by Further and Higher Education (Scotland) Act 1992 (c. 37), s. 62(3), Sch. 10: S.I. 1992/817, art. 3(2), Sch. 1

F7In s. 135(1) words in definition of “education authority” substituted (1.4.1996) by 1994 c. 39, s. 180(1), Sch. 13 para. 118(9); S.I. 1996/323, art. 4(1)(c).

F10In s. 135(1) words in definition of 'educational establishment' inserted (16.5.1992) by Further and Higher Education (Scotland) Act 1992 (c. 37), s. 62(2), Sch. 9 para. 7(7); S.I. 1992/817, art. 3(2), Sch. 1

F11In s. 135(1) words in definition of 'educational establishment' repealed (16.5.1992) by Further and Higher Education (Scotland) Act 1992 (c. 37), s. 62(3), Sch. 10; S.I. 1992/817, art. 3(2), Sch. 1

F16In s. 135(1) words in definition of "independent school" repealed (31.12.2005) by School Education (Ministerial Powers and Independent Schools) (Scotland) Act 2004 (asp 12), ss. 3, 9(2); S.S.I. 2005/570, art. 2(a) (with art. 3(2))

F17In s. 135(1) words in definition of "independent school" substituted (31.12.2004) by Standards in Scotland’s Schools etc. Act 2000 (asp 6), s. 61(2), sch. 2 para. 3(9); S.S.I. 2004/528, art. 2(b)

F18Words in the definition of “Her Majesty's inspectors” repealed (1.7.1999) by 1998 c. 46, s. 125, Sch. 8 para. 17, Sch. 9; S.I. 1998/3178, art. 2(1).

F21Words in definition of “parent” substituted (1.11.1996) by 1995 c. 36, s. 105(4), Sch. 4 para. 28(5)(a) (with s. 103(1)); S.I. 1996/2203, art. 3(3), Sch.

F28Definition of “reporter of the appropriate local authority” repealed (1.4.1997) by 1995 c. 36, s. 105(4), Sch. 4 para. 28(5)(b), Sch. 5 (with s. 103(1)); S.I. 1996/3201, art. 3(7).

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 135(1) applied (1.9.1996) by 1996 c. 26, s. 4(3) (which inserted 1995 c. 39, ss. 49A, 49B); S.I. 1996/2071, art. 2.

Marginal Citations

M31937 (1 Edw. 8 & 1 Geo. 6 c. 37).

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