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Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980

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150 Interpretation of other terms.E+W

F1(1)In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, the following expressions have the meaning hereby assigned to them, that is to say—

  • Act” includes local Act;

  • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F2

  • bail in criminal proceedings” has the same meaning as in the M1Bail Act 1976;

  • [F3collection order”means an order made under Part 4 of Schedule 5 to the Courts Act 2003;]

  • F4. . ..

  • commit to custody” means commit to prison or, where any enactment authorises or requires committal to some other place of detention instead of committal to prison, to that other place;

  • [F1committal proceedings” means proceedings before a magistrates’ court acting as examining justices;]

  • F5...

  • F5...

  • enactment” includes an enactment contained in a local Act or in any order, regulation or other instrument having effect by virtue of an Act;

  • fine”, except for the purposes of any enactment imposing a limit on the amount of any fine, includes any pecuniary penalty or pecuniary forfeiture or pecuniary compensation payable under a conviction;

  • [F6the fines officer”, in relation to a person subject to a collection order, means any fines officer working at the fines office specified in that order;]

  • impose imprisonment” means pass a sentence of imprisonment or fix a term of imprisonment for failure to pay any sum of money, or for want of sufficient [F7goods] to satisfy any sum of money, or for failure to do or abstain from doing anything required to be done or left undone;

  • [F8legal representative”means [F9a person who, for the purposes of the Legal Services Act 2007, is an authorised person in relation to an activity which constitutes the exercise of a right of audience or the conduct of litigation (within the meaning of that Act);]]

  • F10. . .

  • F5...

  • F5...

  • F11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • F12. . .

  • prescribed” means prescribed by [F13rules of court];

  • [F14preserved county” has the meaning given by section 64 of the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994;]

  • F15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • F16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • [F17relevant prosecutor” has the meaning given by section 29 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003;]

  • [F17requisition” has the meaning given by section 29 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003;]

  • sentence” does not include a committal in default of payment of any sum of money, or for want of sufficient [F7goods] to satisfy any sum of money, or for failure to do or abstain from doing anything required to be done or left undone;

  • [F17single justice procedure notice” has the meaning given by section 29 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003;]

  • sum enforceable as a civil debt” means—

    (a)

    any sum recoverable summarily as a civil debt which is adjudged to be paid by the order of a magistrates’ court;

    (b)

    any other sum expressed by this or any other Act to be so enforceable;

  • transfer of fine order” has the meaning assigned to it by section 89 above.

  • [F17written charge” has the meaning given by section 29 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003;]

(2)Except where the contrary is expressed or implied, anything required or authorised by this Act to be done by justices may, where two or more justices are present, be done by one of them on behalf of the others.

(3)Any reference in this Act to a sum adjudged to be paid by a conviction or order of a magistrates’ court shall be construed as including a reference to any costs, damages or compensation adjudged to be paid by the conviction or order of which the amount is ascertained by the conviction or order; but this subsection does not prejudice the definition of “sum adjudged to be paid by a conviction” contained in subsection (8) of section 81 above for the purposes of that section.

[F18(3A)References in this Act to want of sufficient goods to satisfy a fine or other sum of money have the meaning given by section 79(4).]

(4)Where the age of any person at any time is material for the purposes of any provision of this Act regulating the powers of a magistrates’ court, his age at the material time shall be deemed to be or to have been that which appears to the court after considering any available evidence to be or to have been his age at that time.

(5)Except where the context otherwise requires, any reference in this Act to an offence shall be construed as including a reference to an alleged offence; and any reference in this Act to an offence committed, completed or begun anywhere shall be construed as including a reference to an offence alleged to have been committed, completed or begun there.

(6)References in this Act to an offence punishable with imprisonment or punishable on summary conviction with imprisonment shall be construed without regard to any prohibition or restriction imposed by or under this or any other Act on imprisonment of young offenders.

(7)The provisions of this Act authorising a magistrates’ court on conviction of an offender to pass a sentence or make an order instead of dealing with him in any other way shall not be construed as taking away any power to order him to pay costs, damages or compensation.

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Amendments (Textual)

F1Words in s. 150(1) repealed (18.6.2012 for specified purposes, 5.11.2012 for specified purposes, 28.5.2013 for specified purposes) by Criminal Justice Act 2003 (c. 44), s. 336(3)(4), Sch. 3 para. 51(11), Sch. 37 Pt. 4; S.I. 2012/1320, art. 4(1)(c)(d)(2)(3) (with art. 5) (see S.I. 2012/2574, art. 4(2) and S.I. 2013/1103, art. 4); S.I. 2012/2574, art. 2(2)(3)(c)(d), Sch. (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (4.11.2012) by S.I. 2012/2761, art. 2) (with S.I. 2013/1103, art. 4); S.I. 2013/1103, art. 2(1)(c)(2)(3) (with arts. 3, 4)

F2Definition of “affiliation order” repealed by Family Law Reform Act 1987 (c. 42, SIF 49:7), ss. 33(1)(2)(4), Sch. 2 para. 88(a), Sch. 3 paras. 1, 6, Sch. 4

F3Definition of "collection order" inserted (3.7.2006) by The Collection of Fines (Final Scheme) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/1737), art. 53(a)

F4S. 150(1): definition of “commission area” repealed (27.9.1999) by 1999 c. 22, ss. 106, 108(3), Sch. 15 Pt. V(1) (with s. 107, Sch. 14 paras. 7(2), 36(9))

F5Words in s. 150(1) repealed (22.4.2014) by Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), s. 61(3), Sch. 10 para. 99 Table; S.I. 2014/954, art. 2(d) (with art. 3) (with transitional provisions and savings in S.I. 2014/956, arts. 3-11)

F6Definition of "the fines officer" inserted (3.7.2006) by The Collection of Fines (Final Scheme) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/1737), art. 53(b)

F8Definition of “legal representative” inserted by Courts and Legal Services Act 1990 (c. 41, SIF 37, 82), s. 125(3), Sch. 18 para. 25(2)

F9Words in s. 150(1) substituted (1.1.2010) by Legal Services Act 2007 (c. 29), s. 211(2), Sch. 21 para. 44 (with ss. 29, 192, 193); S.I. 2009/3250, art. 2(h)

F10S. 150(1): definition of “London commission area” repealed (27.9.1999) by 1999 c. 22, ss. 106, 108(3), Sch. 15 Pt. V(1) (with s. 107, Sch. 14 paras. 7(2), 36(9))

F11S. 150(1): definition of "petty-sessional court-house" repealed (1.4.2005) by Courts Act 2003 (c. 39), ss. 109(1)(3), 110, Sch. 8 para. 250(2), Sch. 10; S.I. 2005/910, art. 3(y)(aa)

F12S. 150(1): definition of "petty sessions area" repealed (27.9.1999) by 1999 c. 22, ss. 106, 108(3), Sch. 15 Pt. V(1) (with s. 107, Sch. 14 paras. 7(2), 36(9))

F13S. 150(1): words in the definition of "prescribed" substituted (1.9.2004) by Courts Act 2003 (c. 39), ss. 109(1), 110, Sch. 8 para. 250(3); S.I. 2004/2066, art. 2(c)(xi) (subject to art. 3)

F14Definition in s. 150(1) inserted (1.4.1996) by 1994 c. 19, s. 1(3), Sch. 2 para. 11(4)(with ss. 54(5)(7), 55(5)); S.I. 1995/3198, art. 3, Sch. 1; (in which definition words are repealed (1.4.1996) by virtue of S.I. 1996/675, art. 2, Sch. Pt. I para. 2(7))

F15S. 150(1): definition of "the register" repealed (1.4.2005) by Courts Act 2003 (c. 39), ss. 109(1)(3), 110, Sch. 8 para. 250(2), Sch. 10; S.I. 2005/910, art. 3(y)(aa)

F16S. 150(1): definition of "the rules" repealed (1.9.2004) by Courts Act 2003 (c. 39), ss. 109(1)(3), 110, Sch. 8 para. 250(2), Sch. 10; S.I. 2004/2066, art. 2(c)(xi)(d)(iv) (subject to art 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 150(1) extended (3.4.2000) by 1999 c. 33, s. 113(6); S.I. 2000/464, art. 2, Sch.

Marginal Citations

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